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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
Showing 601 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Revista de Estudos Constitucionais, Hermenêutica e Teoria do Direito     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofía (Madrid)     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofía Open Insight     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofía y Teoría Política     Open Access  
Revista de Humanidades     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia     Open Access  
Revista Diacrítica     Open Access  
Revista Dialectus     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Espaço Teológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Eletrônica Ludus Scientiae     Open Access  
Revista Enciclopédia     Open Access  
Revista Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access  
Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval     Open Access  
Revista Filosofía UIS     Open Access  
Revista Fragmentos de Cultura : Revista Interdisciplinar de Ciências Humanas     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Derechos Humanos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Perspectiva Filosófica     Open Access  
Revista Poiesis     Open Access  
Revista PRAXIS     Open Access  
Revista SURES     Open Access  
Revue d’études benthamiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Philosophique de Louvain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rhuthmos     Open Access  
Rivista di estetica     Open Access  
Rivista di storia della filosofia     Full-text available via subscription  
Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia     Open Access  
Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Analitica Junior     Open Access  
Roczniki Filozoficzne     Full-text available via subscription  
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ruch Filozoficzny     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Philosophy     Open Access  
Russell : the Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Russian Studies in Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
S : Journal of the Circle for Lacanian Ideology Critique     Open Access  
Saberes y Prácticas : Revista de Filosofía y Educación     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sapientia     Open Access  
Sartre Studies International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Schutzian Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Science & Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science et Esprit     Open Access  
Scientonomy : Journal for the Science of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scrinium : Journal of Patrology and Critical Hagiography     Open Access  
Semina Scientiarum     Open Access  
Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Siegel Institute Ethics Research Scholars     Open Access  
Siegel Institute Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access  
Sign Systems Studies     Open Access  
Signos Filosóficos     Open Access  
Simone de Beauvoir Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Sincronía     Open Access  
Síntese : Revista de Filosofia     Partially Free  
Slagmark - Tidsskrift for idéhistorie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Imaginaries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Philosophy Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Social Psychology and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Theory and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Società degli individui     Full-text available via subscription  
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SOCRATES     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sophia : An African Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sophía : Colección de Filosofía de la Educación     Open Access  
South African Journal of Bioethics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Philosophy = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Wysbegeerte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Southwest Philosophy Review     Full-text available via subscription  
SPICE : Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices & Ethic     Open Access  
Spontaneous Generations : A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Studi di Estetica     Open Access  
Studia Humana     Open Access  
Studia Logica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Studia Neoaristotelica     Full-text available via subscription  
Studia Phaenomenologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studia Philosophica Estonica     Open Access  
Studia Poliana     Full-text available via subscription  
Studia z Historii Filozofii     Open Access  
Studia z Kognitywistyki i Filozofii Umysłu     Open Access  
Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi     Open Access  
Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations     Open Access  
Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Studies in Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SubStance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Suhuf     Open Access  
Symposion : Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Symposium : Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Synthesis (La Plata)     Open Access  
Tadris : Islamic Education Journal     Open Access  
Tajdida : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Gerakan Muhammadiyah     Open Access  
Teaching Ethics     Full-text available via subscription  
Teaching Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Techné : Research in Philosophy and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Temporal : Prática e Pensamento Contemporâneos     Open Access  
Temporalités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teoliterária : Revista Brasileira de Literaturas e Teologias     Open Access  
Teologia i Moralność     Open Access  
Teosofi : Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teosofia : Indonesian Journal of Islamic Mysticism     Open Access  
Terrains / Théories     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Acorn     Full-text available via subscription  
The Biblical Annals     Open Access  
The Chesterton Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Chesterton Review em Português     Full-text available via subscription  
The Chesterton Review en Español     Full-text available via subscription  
The Chesterton Review en Français     Full-text available via subscription  
The Chesterton Review in Italiano     Full-text available via subscription  
The CLR James Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
The Heythrop Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
The Islamic Culture     Open Access  
The Leibniz Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Lonergan Review     Full-text available via subscription  
The Monist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Owl of Minerva     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Person and the Challenges. The Journal of Theology, Education, Canon Law and Social Studies Inspired by Pope John Paul II     Open Access  
The Philosophers' Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
The Philosophical Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Pluralist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Southern Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thémata. Revista de Filosofía     Open Access  
TheoLogica : An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Theoria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
THEORIA : An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Theoria and Praxis : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Thought     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Think     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Thought : A Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thought and Practice : A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya     Open Access  
Tijdschrift voor Filosofie     Full-text available via subscription  
Tópicos, Revista de Filosofía     Open Access  
Tópicos. Revista de Filosofía de Santa Fe     Open Access  
Topoi     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Tradition and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription  
Trans/Form/Ação - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Tsaqafah : Jurnal Peradaban Islam     Open Access  
ULUM : Journal of Religious Inquiries     Open Access  
Universidad de La Habana     Open Access  
Universitas : Revista de Filosofía, Derecho y Política     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universitas Philosophica     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Utilitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Utopian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Veritas : Revista de Filosofí­a y Teología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Via Spiritus : Revista de História da Espiritualidade e do Sentimento Religioso     Open Access  
Vincentian Heritage Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Visnyk of NTUU - Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogics     Open Access  
Voluntaristics Review     Open Access  
Wacana : Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Whiteness and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice / Recueil annuel de Windsor d'accès à la justice     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Ethik und Moralphilosophie : Journal for Ethics and Moral Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Zeitschrift für Medien- und Kulturforschung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Zeitschrift für philosophische Literatur     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Zeszyty Naukowe Centrum Badań im. Edyty Stein     Open Access  
Zibaldone : Estudios Italianos     Open Access  
Τέλος : Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas     Open Access  
Гуманітарний вісник Запорізької державної інженерної академії     Open Access  
Філософія та політологія в контексті сучасної культури (Philosophy and Political Science in the Context of Modern Culture)     Open Access  

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Review of Philosophy and Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.697
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1878-5158 - ISSN (Online) 1878-5166
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Stefan Lang and Klaus Viertbauer: Editorial: Self-Consciousness
           Explained—Mapping the Field

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      PubDate: 2022-06-21
       
  • Boredom and Cognitive Engagement: A Functional Theory of Boredom

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      Abstract: Abstract The functional theory of boredom maintains that boredom ought to be defined in terms of its role in our mental and behavioral economy. Although the functional theory has recently received considerable attention, presentations of this theory have not specified with sufficient precision either its commitments or its consequences for the ontology of boredom. This essay offers an in-depth examination of the functional theory. It explains what boredom is according to the functional view; it shows how the functional theory can account for the known characteristics of boredom; and it articulates the theory’s basic commitments, virtues, and limitations. Ultimately, by furthering our understanding of the functional theory of boredom, the essay contributes to a better theoretical grounding of boredom.
      PubDate: 2022-06-17
       
  • Consciousness and Self-awareness—an Alternative Perspective

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      Abstract: Abstract An alternative model of the relation between consciousness and self-consciousness is proposed. The model combines a non-standard version of the higher-order theory of consciousness with the global neuronal workspace theory and argues that implicit higher-order self-awareness is a pervasive feature of the globally integrative states formed in the global workspace.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
       
  • Self-Awareness: Acquaintance, Intentionality, Representation, Relation

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper endorses and expounds the widely held view that all experience involves pre-reflective self-consciousness or self-awareness. It argues that pre-reflective self-consciousness does not involve any sort of experience of ‘me-ness’ or ‘mine-ness’, and that all self-consciousness is essentially relational, essentially has the subject as intentional object, essentially involves representation, in particular self-representation, as well as ‘immediate acquaintance’, in particular immediate self-acquaintance; and cannot in one primordial respect involve a mistake on the part of the subject of who it is.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
       
  • What is the Structure of Self-Consciousness and Conscious Mental
           States'

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      Abstract: Abstract I believe that there is a ubiquitous pre-reflective self-awareness accompanying first-order conscious states. However, I do not think that such self-awareness is itself typically conscious. On my view, conscious self-awareness enters the picture during what is sometimes called “introspection” which is a more sophisticated form of self-consciousness. I argue that there is a very close connection between consciousness and self-consciousness and, more specifically, between the structure of all conscious states and self-consciousness partly based on the higher-order thought (HOT) theory of consciousness. A plausible notion of self-consciousness is, I think, simply having any degree of higher-order or meta-psychological thought. I argue that the connection between conscious states and self-consciousness is representational but also critically evaluate several different options. I then critique the alternative “acquaintance” theory of self-awareness and address a couple of recent criticisms of HOT theory. There is the potential danger of misrepresentation between self-awareness and conscious states which I also briefly address.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
       
  • In Defence of Pre-Reflective Self-Consciousness: The Heidelberg View

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      Abstract: Abstract In the 1960s, a school formed in Heidelberg around Dieter Henrich that criticized—with reference to J. G. Fichte—the ‘reflection model’ of self-consciousness according to which self-consciousness consists in a representational relation between two mental states or the self-representation of a mental state. I present a new “Heidelberg perspective” of pre-reflective self-consciousness. According to this new approach, self-consciousness occurs in two varieties which regularly are not sufficiently distinguished: The first variety is egological self-consciousness that exists in connection with the use of concepts. It consists in the consciousness of having an awareness of oneself as the Ego of a conscious state. The second variety is anonymous pre-reflective self-consciousness, which is awareness of consciousness but does not contain egological information. The pre-reflective self-consciousness does not exhibit a subject-object structure and thus cannot be appropriately determined as a representation, self-representation, or even acquaintance relation. Rather, anonymous self-consciousness is characterized by an indistinction of subject and object. However, pre-reflective self-consciousness is the basis of egological self-consciousness.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
       
  • Pre-Reflective Self-Consciousness & Projective Geometry

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      Abstract: Abstract We argue that the projective geometrical component of the Projective Consciousness Model (PCM) can account for key aspects of pre-reflective self-consciousness (PRSC) and can relate PRSC intelligibly to another signal feature of subjectivity: perspectival character or point of view. We illustrate how the projective geometrical versions of the concepts of duality, reciprocity, polarity, closedness, closure, and unboundedness answer to salient aspects of the phenomenology of PRSC. We thus show that the same mathematics that accounts for the statics and dynamics of perspectival character also accounts for PRSC. More generally, we argue that introducing higher-level geometrical concepts into the theory of PRSC, and into the theory of consciousness broadly, as the PCM does, promises to break longstanding theoretical impasses and dialectical stalemates.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
       
  • Expecting some action: Predictive Processing and the construction of
           conscious experience

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      Abstract: Abstract Predictive processing has begun to offer new insights into the nature of conscious experience—but the link is not straightforward. A wide variety of systems may be described as predictive machines, raising the question: what differentiates those for which it makes sense to talk about conscious experience' One possible answer lies in the involvement of a higher-order form of prediction error, termed expected free energy. In this paper we explore under what conditions the minimization of this new quantity might underpin conscious experience. Our suggestion is that the minimisation of Expected Free Energy is not in itself sufficient for the occurrence of conscious experience. Instead, it is relevant only insofar as it helps deliver what Ward et al. (2011) have previously described as a sense of our own poise over an action space. Perceptual experience, we will argue, is nothing other than the process that puts current actions in contact with goals and intentions, enabling some creatures to know the space of options that their current situation makes available. This proposal fits with recent work suggesting a deep link between conscious contents and contents computed at an ‘intermediate’ level of processing, apt for controlling action.
      PubDate: 2022-06-10
       
  • Making it abstract, making it contestable: politicization at the
           intersection of political and cognitive science

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      Abstract: The notion of politicization has been often assimilated to that of partisanship, especially in political and social sciences. However, these accounts underestimate more fine-grained, and yet pivotal, aspects at stake in processes of politicization. In addition, they overlook cognitive mechanisms underlying politicizing practices. Here, we propose an integrated approach to politicization relying on recent insights from both social and political sciences, as well as cognitive science. We outline two key facets of politicization, that we call partial indetermination and contestability, and we show how these can be accounted for by appealing to recent literature in cognitive science concerned with abstract conceptual knowledge. We suggest that politicizing a concept often implies making its more abstract components more salient, hence legitimating its contestable character. Finally, we provide preliminary suggestions to test our proposal, using the concept of gender as case study.
      PubDate: 2022-05-21
       
  • Attributing Psychological Predicates to Non-human Animals: Literalism and
           its Limits

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      Abstract: Abstract In this essay, I deal with the problem of the attribution of psychological predicates to non-human animals. The first section illustrates three research topics where it has become scientifically legitimate to explain the conduct of non-human animals by means of the attribution of psychological predicates (mind-reading in apes, episodic memory in rats, and the feeling of regret in rats and mice). The second section discusses several philosophical objections to the legitimacy of such attributions provided by central thinkers from the last decades (like Malcolm, Stich, Davidson, Dummett, McDowell, and Brandom). I try to show that these objections —which are related among other questions to the holism of the mental, the indeterminacy of the attributions, and the strangeness of animal concepts— can be alleviated. In the third section, I propose to adopt a literalist view of the attributions in the sense articulated by Figdor (2018). At the same time, I argue that one must draw limits to the conceptual change forwarded by her literalist view, taking into account holistic considerations and the fact that the psychological concepts must retain their core notes.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
       
  • Correction to: Perceptual Motivation for Action

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      PubDate: 2022-05-17
       
  • Windows on Time: Unlocking the Temporal Microstructure of Experience

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      Abstract: Abstract Each of our sensory modalities — vision, touch, taste, etc. — works on a slightly different timescale, with differing temporal resolutions and processing lag. This raises the question of how, or indeed whether, these sensory streams are co-ordinated or ‘bound’ into a coherent multisensory experience of the perceptual ‘now’. In this paper I evaluate one account of how temporal binding is achieved: the temporal windows hypothesis, concluding that, in its simplest form, this hypothesis is inadequate to capture a variety of multisensory phenomena. Rather, the evidence suggests the existence of a more complex temporal structure in which multiple overlapping windows support distinct functional mechanisms. To aid in the precise formulation of such views, I propose a taxonomy of temporal window types and their characteristics that in turn suggests promising avenues for future empirical and philosophical research. I conclude by examining some philosophical implications of multi-window models for the metaphysics of perception and perceptual experience more generally.
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
       
  • Developing Cross-Cultural Data Infrastructures (CCDIs) for Research in
           Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences

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      Abstract: Abstract Cross-cultural research provides invaluable information about the origins of and explanations for cognitive and behavioral diversity. Interest in cross-cultural research is growing, but the field continues to be dominated by WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) researchers conducting WEIRD science with WEIRD participants, using WEIRD protocols. To make progress toward improving cognitive and behavioral science, we argue that the field needs (1) data workflows and infrastructures to support long-term high-quality research that is compliant with open-science frameworks; (2) process and participation standards to ensure research is valid, equitable, participatory, and inclusive; (3) training opportunities and resources to ensure the highest standards of proficiency, ethics, and transparency in data collection and processing. Here we discuss infrastructures for cross-cultural research in cognitive and behavioral sciences which we call Cross-Cultural Data Infrastructures (CCDIs). We recommend building global networks of psychologists, anthropologists, demographers, experimental philosophers, educators, and cognitive, learning, and data scientists to distill their procedural and methodological knowledge into a set of community standards. We identify key challenges including protocol validity, researcher diversity, community inclusion, and lack of detail in reporting quality assurance and quality control (QAQC) workflows. Our objective is to help promote dialogue and efforts towards consolidating robust solutions by working with a broad research community to improve the efficiency and quality of cross-cultural research.
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
       
  • Correction to: Ethnomedical Specialists and their Supernatural Theories of
           Disease

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      PubDate: 2022-05-04
       
  • Biased Emotions: Implicit Bias, emotion & attributability

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      Abstract: Abstract The topic of this paper is what I will call “biased emotion”. Biased emotions are emotions which are influenced by implicit bias. An example is racially biased fear. A person who explicitly denies that every black man is dangerous, might implicitly have the tendency to be afraid of black men. Biased emotions lead to certain types of behavior, such as avoidance behavior out of fear. Some have argued that behavioral expressions of biased emotions are not attributable. Because fearful behavior is supposedly reflex-like, it can be considered as “external” to who one really is. I will, however, argue that behavioral expressions of biased emotions are not reflexes but behavior which reflects a person’s goals and what one cares about. For this reason, I will argue that behavioral expressions of biased emotions are attributable and reveal who one truly is.
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
       
  • Dis-Illusioning Experiences

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      Abstract: Abstract In his defense of Illusionism, D. Pereboom quotes S. Shoemaker as finding it mysterious how we can represent properties that are nowhere instantiated in our world. This paper begins by detailing the problem, clarifying its relation to Illusionism, and explaining the inadequacy of Pereboom’s response. It then examines papers by K. Frankish and F. Kammerer, and finds that they face the same problem. With this background, it becomes plausible that representation of uninstantiated properties is an endemic problem for illusionism. Responding by making such representation a sui generis relation amounts to abandoning the physicalism that is typically cited as a reason for accepting illusionism about experiences. Appeal to quality spaces may seem to provide a way to solve the problem without admitting a sui generis relation, but careful reflection reveals this to be a subtle version of the sui generis response. There is thus strong reason to think that Illusionism harbors a problem to which it can give no physicalistically acceptable solution.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
       
  • A roadmap to doing culturally grounded developmental science

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper provides a roadmap for engaging in cross-cultural, developmental research in practical, ethical, and community-engaged ways. To cultivate the flexibility necessary for conducting cross-cultural research, we structure our roadmap as a series of questions that each research program might consider prior to embarking on cross-cultural examinations in developmental science. Within each topic, we focus on the challenges and opportunities inherent to different types of study designs, fieldwork, and collaborations because our collective experience in conducting research in multiple cultural contexts has taught us that there can be no single “best practice”. Here we identify the challenges that are unique to cross-cultural research as well as present a series of recommendations and guidelines. We also bring to the forefront ethical considerations which are rarely encountered in the laboratory context, but which researchers face daily while conducting research in a cultural context which one is not a member. As each research context requires unique solutions to these recurring challenges, we urge researchers to use this set of questions as a starting point, and to expand and tailor the questions and potential solutions with community members to support their own research design or cultural context. This will allow us to move the field towards more inclusive and ethical research practices.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
       
  • Does perceiving require perceptual experience'

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      Abstract: Abstract In Section I, I clarify turning point issues in the Phillips and Block debate about whether there is unconscious perception. These include questions about whether uptake of certain visual information is an individual or person level accomplishment, as required for genuine unconscious perceiving. Section II takes up a recent reorientation proposed in Block (2017) towards the question of whether there is unconscious perceiving, where we are to look for the pervasive role of unconscious perceiving in, perhaps especially, the online control of everyday reaching and grasping. I point out that while this may well be a helpfully different approach to explore, it does not evade the central questions and challenges familiar from the prior debate between Phillips and Block. Section III reviews an approach summarized in Dehaene (2014), drawing from a range of measures of neural activity. Dehaene provides evidence of quite rich non-conscious perceptual system responses, some arguably individual or person level. But in a fairly thin or fragile way, absent taking up, in higher level assessment, the information encoded in initial visual response. Or that is the interpretation I argue for, in relating the Dehaene account to the Phillips and Block debate, in a way that illuminates the Phillips and Block discussions. An Appendix provides an overview of debates in the literature about the Goodale and Milner Two Visual Systems Hypothesis, that Block (2017) makes central appeal to.
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
       
  • The cross-cultural study of mind and behaviour: a word of caution

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      Abstract: Abstract Nobody doubts that culture plays a decisive role in understanding human forms of life. But it is unclear how this decisive role should be integrated into a comprehensive explanatory model of human behaviour that brings together naturalistic and social-scientific perspectives. Cultural difference, cultural learning, cultural determination do not mix well with the factors that are normally given full explanatory value in the more naturalistic approaches to the study of human behaviour. My purpose in this paper is to alert to some of the theoretical vulnerabilities or concerns that the cross-cultural study of mind and behaviour might entail. I classify these theoretical concerns into three, loosely defined, categories: epistemological, ontological and ethical. The first have to do with what in anthropology was once labelled as ‘butterfly collecting’. What kind of supplementary, or additional, general theoretical knowledge do we produce when we add to the research different, particularistic, culturally determined, ways of knowing' Ontological concerns refer to the underlying reality that those ways of knowing are meant to disclose. If there are so many ways of knowing the world, where is the reality to be known' Ethical concerns are those entailed in the forms of ‘othering’ that unqualified cross-cultural research is likely to produce in research participants.
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13164-022-00627-z
       
  • The Challenges to the Study of Cultural Variation in Cognition

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      Abstract: Abstract We describe seven challenges that confront the kind of cross-cultural research currently practiced in experimental philosophy, illustrating them in an example in which intuitions about moral responsibility were studied in participants in four different countries. The seven challenge are (1) defining culture, (2) finding representative samples, (3) defining cognition, (4) task variation, (5) ecological validity, (6) interpreting the results, and (7) conducting ethical research. We suggest that these challenges can be overcome or avoided by attending to the ways cognition arises in everyday life, and briefly describe an approach which regards culture not as an independent variable but as the medium of human action and human life, and which regards cognition as situated in time and place.
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13164-022-00637-x
       
 
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