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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 861 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted by number of followers
European Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Australasian Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Philosophical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Mind     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Journal of the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Philosophy & Public Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
British Journal for the History of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Nous     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Applied Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Philosophical Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Moral Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Philosophy of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Philosophy and Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
British Journal of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
The Heythrop Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Linguistics and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Pragmatics & Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Philosophy and Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Philosophical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Review of Philosophy and Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Philosophy Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Phronesis : A journal for Ancient Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Episteme     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the Philosophy of History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Pragmatics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Media Ethics : Exploring Questions of Media Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Men, Masculinities and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Midwest Studies In Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Philosophers' Imprint     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ethical Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Philosophy East and West     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Indian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Reformed Theological Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chinese Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Polis : The Journal of the Society for Greek Political Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Myth & Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Pacific Philosophical Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Kant-Studien     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Utilitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Philosophical Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Philosophia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Metaphilosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Dao : A Journal of Comparative Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Speculative Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Philosophical Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nordic Journal of Aesthetics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Chinese Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Philosophical Books     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Philosophical Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
SubStance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Research in Phenomenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contributions to the History of Concepts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Philosophical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Philosophical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Philosophical Explorations: An International Journal for the Philosophy of Mind and Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
History and Philosophy of Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Axiomathes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Think     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Philosophical Magazine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Southern Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Philosophical Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Dialogue Canadian Philosophical Review/Revue canadienne de philosophie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Hume Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Utopian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of the Platonic Tradition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nietzsche Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
South African Journal of Philosophy = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Wysbegeerte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Endeavour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Philosophical Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers of Philosophy in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Religion and Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Review of Contemporary Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Quaestio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Philosophische Rundschau     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Philosophy & Theory in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kantian Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Russell : the Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Paragrana - Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aesthetic Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cognitive Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grazer Philosophische Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Topoi     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sartre Studies International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Pluralist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SATS. Northern European Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Scottish Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Studia Logica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archiv fuer Rechts- und Sozialphilosphie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Poiesis & Praxis : International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hobbes Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Noesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Philosophique de Louvain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Husserl Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethische Perspectieven     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’études benthamiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Poroi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Res Cogitans     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laval théologique et philosophique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Metaphysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veritas : Revista de Filosofí­a y Teología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Temporalités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Friends of Lutheran Archives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
PAN: Philosophy Activism Nature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Horizons philosophiques     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuyo Anuario de Filosofía Argentina y Americana     Open Access  
Tópicos. Revista de Filosofía de Santa Fe     Open Access  
Rhuthmos     Open Access  
Macalester Journal of Philosophy     Open Access  
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Philosophiques     Open Access  
Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access  
Studia Philosophica Estonica     Open Access  
Synthesis (La Plata)     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía Práctica e Historia de las Ideas     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Humanidades Médicas     Open Access  
Methodos     Open Access  
Labyrinthe     Open Access  
Trans/Form/Ação - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Russian Studies in Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Review of Philosophy and Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.697
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 15  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1878-5158 - ISSN (Online) 1878-5166
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Phenomenal Overflow, Bodily Affect, and some Varieties of Access
    • Abstract: Abstract The phenomenal overflow thesis states that the content of phenomenally conscious mental states can exceed our capacities of cognitive access. Much of the philosophical and scientific debate about the phenomenal overflow thesis has been focused on vision, attention, and verbal report. My view is that we feel things in our bodies that we don’t always process with the resources of cognitive access. Thinking about the question of phenomenal overflow from the perspective of embodied affect rather than the content of visual experience is the novel contribution of this paper. I argue that we have reason to think that hydranencephalic children are phenomenally conscious but incapable of cognitive access. Further, I claim that we should interpret the reactive behavior of these subjects in terms of a kind of access to content that is distinct from cognitive access, I call this novel form of access ‘affective access.’
      PubDate: 2019-03-20
       
  • Explaining the Illusion of Asymmetric Insight
    • Abstract: Abstract People tend to think that they know others better than others know them (Pronin et al. in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 81: 639–656, 2001). This phenomenon is known as the “illusion of asymmetric insight.” While the illusion has been well documented by a series of recent experiments, less has been done to explain it. In this paper, we argue that extant explanations are inadequate because they either get the explanatory direction wrong or fail to accommodate the experimental results in a sufficiently nuanced way. Instead, we propose a new explanation that does not face these problems. The explanation is based on two other well-documented psychological phenomena: the tendency to accommodate ambiguous evidence in a biased way, and the tendency to overestimate how much better we know ourselves than we know others.
      PubDate: 2019-03-19
       
  • Mapping the Minds of Others
    • Abstract: Abstract Mindreaders can ascribe representational states to others. Some can ascribe representational states – states with semantic properties like accuracy-aptness. I argue that within this group of mindreaders, there is substantial room for variation – since mindreaders might differ with respect to the representational format they take representational states to have. Given that formats differ in their formal features and expressive power, the format one takes mental states to have will significantly affect the range of mental state attributions one can make, and the ease or difficulty with which one can make them. I illustrate this by considering what it would be to take mental states to be map-like in format, showing that this would result in a distinctively limited form of mindreading. I close by articulating the significance of this for the emerging picture of great ape mindreading.
      PubDate: 2019-03-16
       
  • Interacting with Fictions: The Role of Pretend Play in Theory of Mind
           Acquisition
    • Abstract: Abstract Pretend play is generally considered to be a developmental landmark in Theory of Mind acquisition. The aim of the present paper is to offer a new account of the role of pretend play in Theory of Mind development. To this end I combine Hutto and Gallagher’s account of social cognition development with Matravers’ recent argument that the cognitive processes involved in engagement with narratives are neutral regarding fictionality. The key contribution of my account is an analysis of pretend play as interaction with fictions. I argue that my account offers a better explanation of existing empirical data on the development of children’s pretend play and Theory of Mind than the competing theories from Leslie, Perner and Harris.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Early and Late Time Perception: on the Narrow Scope of the Whorfian
           Hypothesis
    • Abstract: Abstract The Whorfian hypothesis has received support from recent findings in psychology, linguistics, and anthropology. This evidence has been interpreted as supporting the view that language modulates all stages of perception and cognition, in accordance with Whorf’s original proposal. In light of a much broader body of evidence on time perception, I propose to evaluate these findings with respect to their scope. When assessed collectively, the entire body of evidence on time perception shows that the Whorfian hypothesis has a limited scope and that it does not affect early stages of time perception. In particular, all the available evidence shows that the scope of language modulation is limited in the case of time perception, and that the most important mechanisms for time perception are cognitive clocks and simultaneity windows, which we use to perceive the temporal properties of events. Language modulation has distorting effects, but only at later stages of processing or with respect to specific categorization tasks. The paper explains what is the role of these effects in the context of all the available evidence on time cognition and perception.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Arithmetic Judgements, First-Person Judgements and Immunity to Error
           Through Misidentification
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper explores the idea that some singular judgements about the natural numbers are immune to error through misidentification by pursuing a comparison between arithmetic judgements and first-person judgements. By doing so, the first part of the paper offers a conciliatory resolution of the Coliva-Pryor dispute about so-called “de re” and “which-object” misidentification. The second part of the paper draws some lessons about what it takes to explain immunity to error through misidentification. The lessons are: First, the so-called Simple Account (see Wright 2012) of which-object immunity to error through misidentification to the effect that a judgement is immune to this kind of error just in case its grounds do not feature any identification component fails. Secondly, wh-immunity can be explained by a Reference-Fixing Account to the effect that a judgement is immune to this kind of error just in case its grounds are constituted by the facts whereby the reference of the concept of the object which the judgement concerns is fixed. Thirdly, a suitable revision of the Simple Account explains the de re immunity of those arithmetic judgements which are not wh-immune. These three lessons point towards the general conclusion that there is no unifying explanation of de re and wh-immunity.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Sleeping Beauty Goes to the Lab: The Psychology of Self-Locating Evidence
    • Abstract: Abstract Analyses of the Sleeping Beauty Problem are polarised between those advocating the “1/2 view” (“halfers”) and those endorsing the “1/3 view” (“thirders”). The disagreement concerns the evidential relevance of self-locating information. Unlike halfers, thirders regard self-locating information as evidentially relevant in the Sleeping Beauty Problem. In the present study, we systematically manipulate the kind of information available in different formulations of the Sleeping Beauty Problem. Our findings indicate that patterns of judgment on different formulations of the Sleeping Beauty Problem do not fit either the “1/2 view” or the “1/3 view.” Human reasoners tend to acknowledge self-locating evidence as relevant, but discount its weight significantly. Accordingly, self-locating information may trigger more cautious judgments of confirmation than familiar kinds of statistical evidence. We also discuss how these results can advance the debate by providing a more nuanced and empirically grounded account or explication of the evidential impact of self-locating information.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Thinking About Events: A Pragmatist Account of the Objects of Episodic
           Hypothetical Thought
    • Abstract: Abstract The debate over the objects of episodic memory has for some time been stalled, with few alternatives to familiar forms of direct and indirect realism being advanced. This paper moves the debate forward by building on insights from the recent psychological literature on memory as a form of episodic hypothetical thought (or mental time travel) and the recent philosophical literature on relationalist and representationalist approaches to perception. The former suggests that an adequate account of the objects of episodic memory will have to be a special case of an account of the objects of episodic hypothetical thought more generally. The latter suggests that an adequate account of the objects of episodic hypothetical thought will have to combine features of direct realism and representationalism. We develop a novel pragmatist-inspired account of the objects of episodic hypothetical thought that has the requisite features.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
       
  • Categorising without Concepts
    • Abstract: Abstract A strong claim, often found in the literature, is that it is impossible to categorize perceptual properties unless one possesses the related concepts. The evidence from visual perception reviewed in this paper however questions this claim: Concepts, at least canonically defined, are ill-suited to explain perceptual categorisation, which is a fast, and crucially a largely involuntary and unconscious process, which rests on quickly updated probabilistic calculations. I suggest here that perceptual categorisation rests on non-conceptual sorting principles. This changes the claim that categorisation cannot occur without concepts: It does not preclude that the concepts remain necessary for categorisation, but opens the possibility that they are not and that those sorting principles could be here sufficient.
      PubDate: 2019-02-07
       
  • Self-Association and Attentional Processing Regarding Perceptually Salient
           Items
    • Abstract: Abstract Earlier work has demonstrated that attention is indirectly cognitively malleable by processes of self-association – processes by which agents explicitly associate an item with the self. We extend this work by considering the manipulation of attention to both salient and non-salient objects. We demonstrate that self-association impacts attentional processing not only of non-salient objects (i.e., shapes), but also regarding salient items known to command attention (i.e., images of food). This result indicates the flexibility and susceptibility of attentional processing to cognitive manipulation.
      PubDate: 2019-01-11
       
  • Knowledge-how, Understanding-why and Epistemic Luck: an Experimental Study
    • Abstract: Abstract Reductive intellectualists about knowledge-how (e.g., Stanley & Williamson Journal of Philosophy 98, 411–44, 2001; Stanley Noûs 45, 207–38, 2011a, 2011b; Brogaard Philosophy Compass 3, 93–118, 2008a, Grazer Philosophische Studien 77, 147–90 2008b, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78, 439–67 2009, 2011) hold, contra Ryle (1946, 1949), that knowing how to do something is just a kind of propositional knowledge. In a similar vein, traditional reductivists about understanding-why (e.g., Salmon 1984; Lipton 2004; Woodward 2003; Grimm The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57, 515–35, 2006; Greco 2009; Kelp 2014) insist, in accordance with a tradition beginning with Aristotle, that the epistemic standing one attains when one understands why something is so is itself just a kind of propositional knowledge—viz., propositional knowledge of causes. A point that has been granted on both sides of these debates is that if these reductive proposals are right, then knowledge-how and understanding-why should be susceptible to the same extent as knowledge-that is to being undermined by epistemic luck. This paper reports experimental results that test these luck-based predictions. Interestingly, these results suggest a striking (albeit, imperfect) positive correlation between self-reported philosophical expertise and attributions of knowledge-how, understanding-why and knowledge-that which run contrary to reductive proposals. We contextualize these results by showing how they align very well with a particular kind of overarching non-reductive proposal, one that two of the authors have defended elsewhere (e.g., Carter and Pritchard Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91, 181–99, 2015a, Noûs 49, 440–53, 2015b, Australasian Philosophical Quarterly 93, 799–816, 2015c) according to which knowledge-how and understanding-why, but not knowledge-that, essentially involve cognitive achievement (i.e., cognitive success that is primarily creditable to cognitive ability). We conclude by situating the interpretive narrative advanced within contemporary discussions about the role of expertise in philosophical judgment.
      PubDate: 2019-01-10
       
  • The Mismatch of Intrinsic Fluctuations and the Static Assumptions of
           Linear Statistics
    • Abstract: Abstract The social and cognitive science replication crisis is partly due to the limitations of commonly used statistical tools. Inferential statistics require that unsystematic measurement variation is independent of system history, and weak relative to systematic or causal sources of variation. However, contemporary systems research underscores the dynamic, adaptive nature of social, cognitive, and behavioral systems. Variation in human activity includes the influences of intrinsic dynamics intertwined with changing contextual circumstances. Conventional inferential techniques presume milder forms of variability, such as unsystematic measurement error, as in a Gaussian distribution. Inferential statistics indicate an elementary Newtonian cause-effect metaphor for change that is inconsistent with known principles of change in complex systems. Pattern formation in self-organizing systems and quantum probability are used to illustrate theoretical metaphors that instantiate alternative notions of change in complex systems. Inferential statistics and related techniques are crucial scientific resources. However, in the social and behavioral sciences, they must be practiced in conjunction with an appropriate general systems framework that accommodates intrinsic fluctuations and contextual adaptation.
      PubDate: 2019-01-02
       
  • Reports of the Death of Value-Free Science Are Greatly Exaggerated
    • Abstract: Abstract The present paper discusses the claim that value-free science is impossible. After applauding the observation of Colombo et al. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7: 743–763, (2016) that this is at least to a considerable extent a psychological question, and should therefore be studied using the methods of psychological science, the studies performed by these authors were examined and unfortunately found seriously wanting in various respects. Beyond the merits or demerits of that particular piece of work, the discussion lead to a conclusion likely relevant to the entire discussion about the alleged impossibility of value-free science: Showing the impossibility of value-free science would entail at least a) defining what the term science is intended to cover, b) providing high level evidence that few if any scientists in the relevant area(s) are immune to non-epistemic influences (else one could presumably achieve value-free science by having scientific hypothesis only evaluated by those who are immune), c) that these influences meaningfully bias the results of science, d) that there is no way to correct for these influences, and e) explain why – unlike epistemic appraisal in science – the epistemic appraisal of this argument can be trusted.
      PubDate: 2018-12-07
       
  • Cueing Implicit Commitment
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite the importance of commitment for distinctively human forms of sociality, it remains unclear how people prioritize and evaluate their own and others’ commitments - especially implicit commitments. Across two sets of online studies, we found evidence in support of the hypothesis that people’s judgments and attitudes about implicit commitments are governed by an implicit sense of commitment, which is modulated by cues to others’ expectations, and by cues to the costs others have invested on the basis of those expectations.
      PubDate: 2018-12-06
       
  • Variability, Flexibility and Constraint: Towards the Evolutionary Roots of
           Teaching
    • Abstract: Abstract This article considers the evolutionary roots of education in the hominin lineage drawing on the variability selection hypothesis. The variability selection hypothesis emphasizes adaptation to a variable environment and flexible behavior. However, the archaeological record indicates that there are some structuring factors including learned technical skill and knowledge, trends in the progressive development of technology, and the contextual influence on the adaptive advantage conferred by learning versus trial and error. Thus, the flexibility of hominin behavior includes both the ability to develop novel responses to changing conditions and to structure behavior within constraints. It is argued that negotiating between the capacity for flexibility and for behavior based on learned structures is fundamental to the practice of education.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Cognitive Mechanisms Associated with Children’s Selective Teaching
    • Abstract: Abstract Whereas a large body of research has focused on the development of children as learners, relatively little research has focused on the development of children as teachers. Moreover, even less research has focused on the potential cognitive mechanisms associated with high-quality teaching. Here, we review evidence that children’s selective teaching is associated with at least three cognitive skills: the ability to represent mental states, the ability to infer mental states in real-time (i.e., what a pupil knows based on his or her behavior), as well as executive function skills. We note potential cultural differences in children’s teaching and highlight the need for future research.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
       
  • Persuasion with Limited Sight
    • Authors: Alex Lascarides; Markus Guhe
      Abstract: Abstract Humans face many game problems that are too large for the whole game tree to be used in their deliberations about action, and very little is understood about how they cope in such scenarios. However, when a human player’s chosen strategy is conditioned on her limited perspective of how the game might progress (Degremont et al. 2016), then it should be possible to manipulate her into changing her planned move by mentioning a possible outcome of an alternative move. This paper demonstrates that human players can be manipulated this way: in the game The Settlers of Catan, where negotiation is only a small part of what one must do to win the game thereby generating uncertainty about which outcomes to the negotiation are good and which are bad, the likelihood that a player accepts a trade offer that deviates from their declared preferred strategy is higher if it is accompanied by a description of what that trade offer can lead to.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13164-018-0398-z
       
  • Prolegomena to Music Semantics
    • Authors: Philippe Schlenker
      Abstract: We argue that a formal semantics for music can be developed, although it will be based on very different principles from linguistic semantics and will yield less precise inferences. Our framework has the following tenets: (i) Music cognition is continuous with normal auditory cognition. (ii) In both cases, the semantic content derived from an auditory percept can be identified with the set of inferences it licenses on its causal sources, analyzed in appropriately abstract ways (e.g. as ‘voices’ in some Western music). (iii) What is special about music semantics is that it aggregates inferences based on normal auditory cognition with further inferences drawn on the basis of the behavior of voices in tonal pitch space (through more or less stable positions, for instance). (iv) This makes it possible to define an inferential semantics but also a truth-conditional semantics for music. In particular, a voice undergoing a musical movement m is true of an object undergoing a series of events e just in case there is a certain structure-preserving map between m and e. (v) Aspects of musical syntax (notably Lerdahl and Jackendoff’s ‘time-span reductions’) might be derivable on semantic grounds from an event mereology (‘partology’), which also explains some cases in which tree structures are inadequate for music (overlap, ellipsis). (vi) Intentions and emotions may be attributed at several levels (the source, the musical narrator, the musician), and we speculate on possible explanations of the special relation between music and emotions.
      PubDate: 2018-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13164-018-0384-5
       
  • Explanatory Unification in Experimental Philosophy: Let’s Keep It
           Real
    • Authors: Frank Hindriks
      Abstract: Abstract Experimental philosophers have discovered a large number of asymmetries in our intuitions about philosophically significant notions. Often those intuitions turned out to be sensitive to normative factors. Whereas optimists have insisted on a unified explanation of these findings, pessimists have argued that it is impossible to formulate a single factor explanation. I defend the intermediate position according to which unification is possible to some extent, but should be pursued within limits. The key issue that I address is how it is possible to set such limits in a way that is true to the phenomena.
      PubDate: 2018-04-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s13164-018-0397-0
       
  • Why Philosophers should do Semantics (and a bit of syntax too): a Reply to
           Cappelen
    • Authors: Ryan M. Nefdt
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, I address a series of arguments recently put forward by Cappelen Review of Philosophy and Psychology 8(4): 743–762 (2017) to the effect that philosophers should not do formal semantics or be concerned with the “minutiae of natural language semantics”. He offers two paths for accessing his ideas. I argue that his arguments fail in favour of the first and cast some doubt on the second in so doing. I then proffer an alternative conception of why exactly philosophers should continue to do formal linguistics which includes both semantics and syntax.
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13164-018-0396-1
       
 
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