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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 762 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted by number of followers
Philosophical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 72)
Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
European Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Political Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Mind     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Australasian Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Philosophy & Public Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Nous     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Philosophical Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
British Journal for the History of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of Applied Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Moral Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Philosophy of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 32)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Philosophy and Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 28)
Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Ethics & Social Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Canadian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
British Journal of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Linguistics and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Philosophical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Philosophy and Rhetoric     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
The Heythrop Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Philosophy Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Philosophers' Imprint     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the Philosophy of History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Assuming Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Pragmatics & Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Mouseion: Journal of the Classical Association of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Philosophy East and West     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Episteme     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Media Ethics : Exploring Questions of Media Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Midwest Studies In Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Phronesis : A journal for Ancient Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Review of Philosophy and Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Reformed Theological Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Pragmatics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Estudos Bíblicos     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Indian Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ethical Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Chinese Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Open Journal of Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Philosophy of Photography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Utilitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Dao : A Journal of Comparative Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Pacific Philosophical Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Polis : The Journal of the Society for Greek Political Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Film-Philosophy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Research in Phenomenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Philosophical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Philosophia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Myth & Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Philosophical Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Philosophical Books     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nordic Journal of Aesthetics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Metaphilosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Philosophical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Speculative Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
SubStance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Philosophical Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contributions to the History of Concepts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
The Southern Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
History and Philosophy of Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Chinese Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Think     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Dialogue Canadian Philosophical Review/Revue canadienne de philosophie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Axiomathes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Philosophical Magazine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Philosophical Explorations: An International Journal for the Philosophy of Mind and Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Philosophical Investigations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of the Platonic Tradition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Review of Contemporary Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Endeavour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Philosophical Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nietzsche Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Philosophy in Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
South African Journal of Philosophy = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Wysbegeerte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Philosophical Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Hume Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Studia Logica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Kantian Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Utopian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Russell : the Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religion and Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Topoi     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Studies in Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Pluralist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for the Study of Skepticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Žižek Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cultura : International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Empedocles : European Journal for the Philosophy of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Friends of Lutheran Archives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Scottish Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Aesthetic Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sartre Studies International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Grazer Philosophische Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Quaestio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Poiesis & Praxis : International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Philosophy & Theory in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Veritas : Revista de Filosofí­a y Teología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Temporalités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Philosophique de Louvain     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Philosophia Scientiæ     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Éthique publique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Noesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Le Portique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nóema     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PAN: Philosophy Activism Nature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’études benthamiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laval théologique et philosophique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ethische Perspectieven     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hobbes Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Husserl Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Grotiana     Hybrid Journal  
Signos Filosóficos     Open Access  
Eidos     Open Access  
Cinta de Moebio     Open Access  
Cuyo Anuario de Filosofía Argentina y Americana     Open Access  
Tópicos. Revista de Filosofía de Santa Fe     Open Access  
Rhuthmos     Open Access  
Philosophiques     Open Access  
Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access  
Studia Philosophica Estonica     Open Access  
Synthesis (La Plata)     Open Access  
Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía Práctica e Historia de las Ideas     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Humanidades Médicas     Open Access  
Methodos     Open Access  
Labyrinthe     Open Access  
Astérion     Open Access  
Trans/Form/Ação - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Russian Studies in Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  

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Philosophy & Social Criticism
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.277
Number of Followers: 22  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0191-4537 - ISSN (Online) 1461-734X
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1175 journals]
  • Anti-vaccination as political dissent – a post-political reading of
           Yellow Vests’ accounts of Covid-19, vaccines and the Health pass

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Ingeborg M. Bergem
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article theorizes the connection between political distrust and conspiracy theories through a post-political framework. Following Luc Boltanski’s focus on the critical capacities of ordinary actors, it builds on interviews with participants of the Yellow Vest Movement in France who hold conspiratorial views of Covid-19 and the vaccine. The article explores how the interviewees’ critique mirrors that of post-political theorists. In particular, I use Rancière’s notion of subjectification and politics to theorize how conspiracy theories function as a means of dissent in the interviewees’ understanding of their experiences as well as in their own critique of and disillusionment with politics in France. As such, this article explores how political trust affected reactions to the pandemic, how political trust is interconnected with conspiracy theories and finally how such conspiracy theories can be viewed as biproducts of the post-political order.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-11-28T12:42:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221141462
       
  • An epistemic alternative to the public justification requirement

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      Authors: Henrik Friberg-Fernros, Johan Karlsson Schaffer
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      How should the state justify its coercive rules' Public reason liberalism endorses a public justification requirement: Justifications offered for authoritative regulations must be acceptable to all members of the relevant public. However, as a criterion of legitimacy, the public justification requirement is epistemically unreliable: It prioritizes neither the exclusion of false beliefs nor the inclusion of true beliefs in justifications of political rules. This article presents an epistemic alternative to the public justification requirement. Employing epistemological theories of argumentation, we demonstrate how this approach enables assessing the epistemic quality of justifications of political rules, even when the truth is difficult to establish.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-11-11T02:25:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221137855
       
  • Freedom and dialectics: On the critical theory of Moishe Postone and
           Theodor Adorno

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Anke Devyver
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the relation between the critical theory of Moishe Postone and the philosophy of Theodor Adorno. While the former is clearly influenced by the latter, these influences mostly stay implicit. When explicit, he does not so easily put his own thought in line with Adorno’s and is highly critical of him. I will investigate the ways in which ideas from Adorno made their way into Postone’s work, but also where the latter diverts from them. As will be shown, Postone’s critical theory runs into a problem when one examines the immanent ground of his critical norm, freedom. Adorno, on the contrary, does succeed in employing the same norm in his own immanent critique. I will conclude that the problem Postone encounters can be avoided by being more of an ‘Adornian’, and that his theory allows this.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-11-05T06:11:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221137842
       
  • Book Review: The resurgence of authoritarian liberalism

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Joseph Tanke
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-19T07:20:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221133139
       
  • From Cultural Marxism to Critical Literacy: Rethinking Douglas
           Kellner’s Media Theory

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Otávio Daros
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Douglas Kellner emerged in the late 1980s as a media theorist. This article reconstructs his intellectual trajectory, analyzing the developments and problems of his media theory. His path was influenced by so-called Western Marxism, notably by the Frankfurt School and, later, by British cultural studies. Kellner made both currents of European thought dialogue and incorporated them into French postmodernism, in a context configured by the ‘culture wars’ in the United States. All of this shaped the analysis of what he called ‘media culture’ and, a few years later, ‘media spectacle’, as well as his proposal for critical media literacy. It is argued that Kellner proposes an innovative synthesis in theoretical and methodological terms, outlined with Cultural Marxism. On the other hand, his proposition is not exempt from conceptual contradictions that generate analytical simplifications during the practice of research, as it moves between immanent to transcendent critique.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-17T09:07:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221133852
       
  • Against authenticity: Autonomy and oppressive circumstances

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      Authors: Maite Rodríguez Apólito
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      An ongoing debate between ‘procedural’ and ‘substantive’ theorists of personal autonomy addresses the following question: should agents have the final say on their own autonomy or should the objective circumstances in which agents live take prevalence when assessing their autonomy' Proceduralists favour the first strategy and substantive theorists restrict more explicitly the conditions under which autonomy is possible. I focus on forms of heteronomy which derive from oppressive circumstances and accept that substantive theorists are correct in contending that (i) forms of oppression common in contemporary liberal societies (e.g. gender or racial oppression) tend to increase heteronomy; and (ii) the heteronomy which derives from social oppression tends to fly below the radar of procedural accounts. Still, I argue that a revised procedural strategy could limit these forms of heteronomy as long as it avoids the injunctions to ‘authenticity’ common in procedural models. I proceed by reconstructing John Christman’s model which, I argue, constitutes the most promising procedural account to assess autonomy under oppression. Christman’s theory, however, needs to be reinforced to ensure self-problematisation in light of a social perspective. I show that the latter is necessary to experience the forms of alienation which are markers of heteronomy according to Christman.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-13T05:32:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221133485
       
  • Foucault, Sellars, and the “conditions of possibility” of
           science

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      Authors: Marco Piasentier
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Foucault and Sellars are representatives of conflicting philosophical traditions: whereas Foucault famously insisted that “power is everywhere,” Sellars proposed the well-known scientia mensura dictum. The tension between the two perspectives seems to be so strong that each of them ends up reducing the other to an epiphenomenal illusion. In this article, I shall attempt to show that the works of Sellars and Foucault are not necessarily irreconcilable. The common ground for this dialogue is what I shall define as a historico-practical conception of science. I will build this concept by tracing a connection between the Foucauldian notion of “conditions of possibility” of science and Sellars’s thesis about the “indispensability” of the manifest image. Finally, I will argue that this conception of science problematizes the clash between the scientific and manifest images of the world, paving the way for a different relationship between naturalism and critical theory.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-13T05:29:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221131944
       
  • How can consciousness be false' Alienation, simulation, and mental
           ownership

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Matteo Bianchin
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Alienation has been recently revived as a central concept in critical theory. Current debates, however, tend to focus on normative rather than on explanatory issues. In this paper, I confront the latter and advance an account of alienation that bears on the mechanisms that bring it about in order to locate alienation as a distinctive social and psychological fact and to dissolve a paradox it seems to involve. In particular, I argue that alienation can be explained as a disruption induced by social factors in the sense of mental ownership that comes with the first personal awareness of being a subject of attitudes, emotions, and actions, and outline how social factors can play a structuring causal role in the process that brings it about. In the first section, I introduce the theme and explain why it is important to focus on the mechanisms that underlie alienation. In the second section, I maintain that understanding how alienation works is crucial to make sense of false consciousness. In the third section, I consider the relevance of mental ownership to explaining alienation and discuss existing evidence about whether and how it can fail. In the final section, I argue that disturbances in the simulation routines that support social cognition might underpin alienation, and outline how social factors might play a structuring causal role in this connection.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-10T12:10:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221131578
       
  • What is distinctive of political normativity' From domain view to role
           view

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Eva Erman, Niklas Möller
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In the last couple of years, increased attention has been directed at the question of whether there is such a thing as a distinctively political normativity. With few exceptions, this question has so far only been explored by political realists. However, the discussion about a distinctively political normativity raises methodological and meta-theoretical questions of general importance for political theory. Although the terminology varies, it is a widely distributed phenomenon within political theory to rely on a normative source which is said to be political rather than moral, or at least foremost political. In light of this concern, the present paper moves beyond political realism in the attempt to explore alternative ways of understanding distinctively political normativity, in a way which may be useful for political theorists. More specifically, we investigate two candidate views, here labelled the “domain view” and the “role view,” respectively. The former traces distinctness to the “domain,” that is, to the circumstances of politics. This view has gained a lot of support in the literature in recent years. The latter traces distinctness to “role,” that is, the role-specific demands that normative-political principles make. Our twofold claim in this paper is that the domain view is problematic but that the role view is promising.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-08T01:21:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221131576
       
  • Critiquing racist ideology as harmful social norms

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      Authors: Keunchang Oh
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In what follows, I will argue that racist ideology should be understood in terms of racist social norms that constitute certain incentive structures. To this end, I will motivate my position by examining two existing accounts of ideology: those of Tommie Shelby and Sally Haslanger. First, I will begin by reconstructing Shelby’s account of racism as ideology. After analysing three dimensions of ideology (epistemic, genetic and functional), I will argue that his view is too cognitivist. In this regard, Shelby’s view is doxastic in viewing that racist ideologies consist in misguided beliefs. Rather, what is essential in ideology is its functional dimension. Here, ideologies persist because they function to stabilize and reinforce the unjust status quo of subordination and oppression. Then, I will turn to Haslanger’s account of ideology as cultural technēs. Her view is more functional than Shelby’s since the former is based on the account of social practice and culture. While Haslanger is right about her critique of Shelby’s cognitivist view of ideology, I argue that what she calls nonideal moral epistemology weakens her overall insight. The problem is that without considering how to intervene in concrete social mechanisms, merely knowing certain moral truths may not practically motivate subjects under ideologies. Taken together, both Shelby and Haslanger narrowly understand ideology in terms of epistemic deficiency. Even though Shelby and Haslanger deal with the discursive superstructure of ideology, both underestimate the functional substructure of ideology such as social and psychological motives, desires and needs. Ultimately, I will argue that ideology is better understood in terms of a racist social norm. This account is explanatorily superior to Shelby and Haslanger’s views in its stress on the nonepistemic, nonmoral and functional aspects of ideology.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-07T12:33:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221131499
       
  • Shame and the question of self-respect

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      Authors: Madeleine Shield
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Despite signifying a negative self-appraisal, shame has traditionally been thought by philosophers to entail the presence of self-respect in the individual. On this account, shame is occasioned by one’s failure to live up to certain self-standards—in displaying less worth than one thought one had—and this moves one to hide or otherwise inhibit oneself in an effort to protect one’s self-worth. In this paper, I argue against the notion that only self-respecting individuals can experience shame. Contrary to the idea that shame presupposes the presence of self-worth, I contend that shame merely requires that one have the desire, rather than the expectation, that one is worthy. Furthermore, I suggest that the desire for concealment fueled by shame is not an inherently self-protective mechanism but can alternatively be understood as an effort to safeguard one’s connection with others.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-04T01:08:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221131490
       
  • Fashion and desire: A kantian critique

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      Authors: Eun Jung Kang
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      By probing into how desire is involved in fashion phenomena, this article illuminates Willkür in tandem with desire. It first analyzes how the higher and lower faculties of desire, spelled out by Immanuel Kant, play a role in fashion, unveiling how fashion as a form of social relations exists in concert with the higher faculty of desire, which has a close connection with Willkür. This article maintains that the arbitrary choice manifested in and through fashion is illustrative of Willkür, on the grounds that it results from a self-conscious deliberation, demonstrating the ‘reflective distance’ from our incentives. Christine M. Korsgaard’s elucidation of the relationship between ‘reflective distance’ and self-consciousness helps formulate this argument. However, this article also discusses the foibles of Korsgaard’s reading of Kant, in particular in the area of theory of action. By doing so, this article argues that reason is not the only factor with which we make choices and take actions within the bounds of which freedom is secured, and that fashion allows us to comprehend not only how the power of choice, independent from necessitation by sensible impulses, exercises its freedom, but also how personal autonomy is related to Kant’s negative concept of freedom.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-01T03:11:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221093737
       
  • Praxis as the unfolding of poiesis: Renewing the normativity of labor for
           critical theory

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      Authors: Ben Suriano
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      If critical theory is to challenge capitalism’s corrosive commodification of labor and nature, then it should renew a sense of labor as a real bodily power with an internal telos, along the lines of an Aristotelian normativity of praxis. Recent thought however either rejects normativity altogether, or pits normative praxis against labor uncritically reduced to its commodification. Habermas’s work provides an exemplary case of the latter. While he rightly found the ‘production paradigm’ of normativity problematic, his acceptance of the reified form of labor as total led to a severe divorce of praxis from the emerging contents of the body and nature. Although Aristotle also separated praxis from poiesis, his thought nevertheless harbors views of their dialectical integration without falling into the problematic production paradigm. Here the normativity of praxis emerges from poiesis understood non-reductively as the form of the self-organizing body already transforming nature and itself toward higher interactions.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-09-01T03:50:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221122370
       
  • Populism’s challenges to political reason: Reconfiguring the public
           sphere in an emotional culture

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      Authors: Ana Marta González, Alejandro Néstor García Martínez
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Populism’s Challenges to Political Reason can be seen as a consequence of social and cultural trends, the so called ‘emotional culture’, that have been accentuated in recent decades. By considering those trends, this article aims at shedding light on some distinctive marks of contemporary populism in order to argue for a reconfiguration of the public sphere that, without ignoring emotion, recovers argumentation and persuasion based on facts and reason.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-09-01T01:00:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221122323
       
  • “Vergangenheitsbewältigung” revisited: Distinguishing two paradigms
           of working through the past

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      Authors: Johannes Schulz
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Social movements like BLM and Rhodes Must Fall have recently re-emphasized the need for “working through” our collective past. I argue that we must be careful to distinguish two distinct and sometimes conflicting understandings of what it means to work through the past. An “idealist” understanding which sees “working through” as a process of self-enlightenment and moral learning through uncovering and acknowledging past moral failures and incorporating them into our collective self-image. The “materialist paradigm”, in contrast, understands “working through” as a process of uncovering the ways in which the structural causes of past moral catastrophe have endured into the present. It rejects idealist calls for reconciliation with the past and present and aims at the negative goal of preventing future moral catastrophe through changing tainted social structures. I argue, finally, that effective processes of working through the past have to engage in both idealist myth-building and materialist deconstruction.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-19T01:23:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221117562
       
  • Against ‘institutional racism’

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      Authors: D. C. Matthew
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This paper argues that the concept and role of ‘institutional racism’ in contemporary discussions of race should be reconsidered. It starts by distinguishing between ‘intrinsic institutional racism’, which holds that institutions are racist in virtue of their constitutive features, and ‘extrinsic institutional racism’, which holds that institutions are racist in virtue of their negative effects. It accepts intrinsic institutional racism, but argues that a ‘disparate impact’ conception of extrinsic conception faces a number of objections, the most serious being that it has no plausible account of what it is that makes extrinsically racist institutions racist. It also argues that claims about the explanatory indispensability of institutional racism are overstated (individual racism is at least as important), critiques structural approaches to racial inequality, and suggests that there is reason to doubt whether institutional reform can provide us with all that morality may require in the racial domain.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-09T03:27:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221114910
       
  • Public reason under the tree: Rawls and the African palaver

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      Authors: Fidèle Ingiyimbere
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Public reason is central to John Rawls’s political liberalism, as a mechanism for citizens to discuss about matters of common interest. Although free and equal, reasonable and rational, citizens of a democratic society disagree on their understanding of truth and right, giving rise to the fact of reasonable pluralism. Thus, Rawls works out an idea of public reason which allows citizens to argue about political matters and yet remaining divided in their comprehensive doctrines. On the other hand, African culture has developed the practice of palaver as way of dealing with social and political questions of the community. Usually held under a tree, scholars believe that the palaver is the African version of deliberative democracy. In this article, I elaborate the two ideas and compare them in order to see whether they are completely opposite or whether they can enrich each other. Thus, the first section focuses on Rawls’s idea of public reason, the second explores the palaver practice and the last section compares them.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-07T06:30:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221117254
       
  • Democracy, community and the supplemental plus un: Derrida’s reading of
           Blanchot’s The Unavowable Community

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      Authors: Cillian Ó Fathaigh
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article argues that Jacques Derrida’s Politics of Friendship presents an implicit but significant critique of Maurice Blanchot’s The Unavowable Community. In Blanchot’s text, the Other disrupts any sense of fusional or essentialist community. But Derrida criticises Blanchot for neglecting the need to negotiate my responsibility to infinite others. Derrida proposes a logic of the plus un, playing on this double meaning in French, where a need to count singularities (‘plus one’) disrupts the unity of community (‘no longer one’). For Derrida, this offers a greater emphasis on those outside the boundaries of constituted communities, something he finds lacking in Blanchot. I demonstrate that Derrida’s position is a challenge to an emerging xenophobic discourse in 1980s French politics. I propose, therefore, that Derrida’s difference with Blanchot is motivated as much by a political difference as a philosophical one, with Derrida judging Blanchot’s account inadequate for contemporary political concerns.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-03T01:59:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221114909
       
  • Legitimacy, resistance and the stakes of politics

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      Authors: Adam Burgos
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This essay argues for the conceptual connection of legitimacy, resistance and ‘the people’ within liberal theories of public justification by making two primary claims: that legitimacy and resistance are mutually constitutive of one another and that together legitimacy and resistance are constitutive of an aspirational conception of ‘the people’. These claims revolve around the idea that the legitimacy of democratic regimes necessarily entails the questioning of that legitimacy through resistance, which concerns demands that say something about the makeup of ‘the people’. The concern is conceptual, examples of resistance showing how the conceptual connection manifests itself.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-30T02:37:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221110899
       
  • The problem of anthropocentrism and the human kind of personhood

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      Authors: Bennett Gilbert
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Neither of the seemingly straightforward approaches of retaining the human at the top of the hierarchy of beings and of flattening human personhood solves the question of non-human personhood. But the concept of personhood does have the resources to address this issue, if we take it as a kind of moral agency. The way that humans develop moral agency through their temporality, historicity and community must be mapped onto the personhood of animals, but this is extremely difficult and must await more scientific knowledge and wiser and more empathetic human understanding. It is in our hands, rather than the commandment of a non-human reality.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-30T02:31:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221110900
       
  • From liberal to multiculturalist nationalism: Confronting autocratic
           nationalism

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      Authors: Eric Cheng
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This paper reconsiders liberal nationalism in light of the current autocratic nationalist threat. I argue that liberal nationalism cannot redress the social ailments which acclimatize people to the sorts of no-holds-barred political contestation favoured by autocratic nationalists – excessive polarization. I then argue that liberal nationalists do not recognize the degree to which ‘in-group’ racial solidarity motivates members of the racial/ethnic majority to preserve their status, and that the liberal nationalist approach to defending minorities’ rights therefore risks either emboldening the majority to embrace autocracy or consolidating social hierarchies between the majority and minorities. On these bases, I show that democrats must seek to not only detach race/ethnicity from nationality but also redress those problematic racial/ethnic hierarchies. This suggests the need to develop liberal nationalism into multiculturalist nationalism. Multiculturalist nationalism, however, promises a sort of bounded solidarity that does not include all citizens: it makes use of targeted political antagonism against anti-democrats like White supremacists and Identitarians to help diffuse any social antagonism that might exist among minorities, inclusive members of the majority, and cultural conservatives.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-21T07:27:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221107406
       
  • Socialist democracy: Rosa Luxemburg’s challenge to democratic theory

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      Authors: James Muldoon, Dougie Booth
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Contemporary democratic theorists have tended to assume that democracy is compatible with and even requires a capitalist economic system. Rosa Luxemburg offers a democratic criticism of this view, arguing that the dominating effects of a capitalist economy undermine the ability of liberal democracy to actualise its ideals of freedom and equality. Drawing on Luxemburg’s writings, this article theorises a model of socialist democracy which combines support for public ownership and control of the means of production with a plural multi-party electoral system and a defence of civil liberties. It recovers Luxemburg’s conceptualisation of a socialist democracy as the extension of democratic principles to major social and economic institutions currently governed by nondemocratic authority structures. It defends this version of socialist democracy from the liberal objection that it violates citizens’ property rights and the Marxist objection that it retains the dominating structures of the state and a coercive legal system.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-17T03:49:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221107403
       
  • Online astroturfing: A problem beyond disinformation

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      Authors: Jovy Chan
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Coordinated inauthentic behaviours online are becoming a more serious problem throughout the world. One common type of manipulative behaviour is astroturfing. It happens when an entity artificially creates an impression of widespread support for a product, policy, or concept, when in reality only limited support exists. Online astroturfing is often considered to be just like any other coordinated inauthentic behaviour; with considerable discussion focusing on how it aggravates the spread of fake news and disinformation. This paper shows that astroturfing creates additional problems for social media platforms and the online environment in general. The practice of astroturfing exploits our natural tendency to conform to what the crowd does; and because of the importance of conformity in our decision-making process, the negative consequences brought about by astroturfing can be much more far-reaching and alarming than just the spread of disinformation.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-17T03:04:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221108467
       
  • Boredom at the end of history: ‘empty temporalities’ in Rousseau’s
           Corsica and Fukuyama’s liberal democracy

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      Authors: Eoin Daly
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In this paper, I consider what it might mean to approach boredom as a problem of post-history, rather than of modernity as such. Post-history, or ‘end of history’, in this sense, is linked with the impossibility or unlikelihood of political-systemic change, and thus with the disappearance of the contingency or temporal flux that had been understood as the context or prerequisite of political action and political freedom. I will, argue, firstly, that both Rousseau and Fukuyama depict societies that are ‘post-historical’, in this sense, and which are marked by ‘boredom’ of this specifically post-historical kind. Secondly, I will argue that both thinkers link post-historical boredom with the disappearance or diminution of the ‘drive for recognition’ that both understood as both an agent and effect of ‘history’. Thirdly, I will argue that while Fukuyama understands post-historical boredom as an ‘irritant’ that threatens to restart history without quite succeeding in doing so, Rousseau understands it as an essentially stabilising (and happy) condition that maintains post-historical man in an equilibrium modelled on the order of nature itself. And fourthly, I consider certain ways in which this ‘post-historical’ boredom might coexist and overlap with the ‘promise of intensity’ experienced in post-Fordist neoliberal society.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-13T01:00:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221107405
       
  • Getting the duty to resist right: Remarks on Candice Delmas’s book a
           duty to resist: When disobedience should be uncivil

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      Authors: Cristina Lafont
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In her book A Duty to Resist, Candice Delmas defends the view that we are not only permitted to disobey gravely unjust laws, but we may have a duty to do so. Moreover, not only civil but also uncivil disobedience may be justified in such cases. To justify both claims she argues that the same principles that justify a duty to obey the law—such as the principle of fairness, Samaritan duty, and associative obligations—also justify a duty to disobey the law. The problem with this argumentative strategy is that it amounts to an attempt to derive the duty to disobey gravely unjust laws (or to resist them) from less stringent duties than the ones that can plausibly ground it. Against this strategy, I argue that the focus on laws that violate fundamental rights is what does all the normative work for justifying the duty to disobey/resist such laws, and the appeal to weaker principles is not only superfluous but also misleading. It has negative consequences for our understanding of what is owed to victims, in virtue of what, and by whom.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-10T06:19:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221107402
       
  • Non-domination and constituent power: Socialist republicanism versus
           radical democracy

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      Authors: Benjamin Ask Popp-Madsen
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Two of the dominant frameworks for criticizing capitalism and liberal democracy in contemporary political theory is Socialist republicanism, on the one hand, and radical democracy, on other hand. Whereas radical democratic thinkers have for decades criticized liberal democracy for being elitist, hierarchical and outright anti-popular, socialist republicans have for the last 10 years developed critiques of capitalism centred on the neo-republican idea of freedom as non-domination and proposed various arguments for workplace democracy and cooperative forms of ownership. Despite the common ambition of uncovering hierarchical relations of economic, political and social power, and creating new egalitarian and participatory modes of political organization, no systematic comparison of socialist republicanism and radical democracy exists. This paper fills this gap by comparing the different understandings of (a) institutions and (b) political action and (c) their diverging historical and political relations to socialism.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T04:11:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221107401
       
  • A call for psycho-affective change: Fanon, feminism, and white negrophobic
           femininity

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      Authors: Nicole Yokum
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Frantz Fanon’s analysis of white negrophobic women’s masochistic sexuality and sexual fantasies in Black Skin, White Masks, is, as T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting notes, among his most contentious work for feminists. Susan Brownmiller, in her 1975 classic Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape, charges Fanon not only with hating women but also with being personally confused and anguished, on account of this portion of the text. In this essay, I examine Fanon’s approach to theorizing white female negrophobia in light of his sociogenic project and the Freudian psychoanalytic tradition with which he was working; I also take a close look at his potentially most problematic remarks, from a feminist angle. I argue against Brownmiller's interpretation of Fanon as condoning rape or expressing personal attitudes through these lines, maintaining instead that he is ultimately calling for psycho-affective change.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-06T11:31:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221103897
       
  • An anthropological investigation of cruelty and its contrasts

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      Authors: Ronald Stade, Nigel Rapport
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In liberal political philosophy, from Michel de Montaigne to Judith Shklar, cruelty – the wilful inflicting of pain on another in order to cause anguish and fear – has been singled out as ‘the most evil of all evils’ and as unjustifiable: the ultimate vice. An unconditional rejection and negation of cruelty is taken to be programmatic within a liberal paradigm. In this contribution, two anthropologists triangulate cruelty as a concept with torture (Stade) and with love (Rapport). Treating the capability to practise cruelty and the liability to suffer from cruelty as universal aspects of a human condition, Stade and Rapport aim to instantiate the precise enactment of cruelty, firstly, and secondly, to propose a process of its social negation. CIA training manuals and quotidian practice within the British National Health Service are employed as illustrative materials.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-06-06T04:10:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221101319
       
  • Lefort and Rancière on democracy and sovereignty

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      Authors: Annabel Herzog
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This paper focuses on Lefort’s and Rancière’s conceptions of democracy as a set of conflictual processes through which the composition of the public sphere is reassessed. Reading their works together and sometimes in opposition to each other, the paper extracts elements of a theory of inessential sovereignty that avoids the pitfalls of populist antagonism and of neoliberal diffuse domination. It analyses Lefort’s and Rancière’s understandings of democracy as rule of the people, which are based on ontological and aesthetical distinctions between ‘politics’ and ‘the political’. It argues that in the structural situation of dissensus described by both Lefort and Rancière, popular sovereignty could be conceptualized as lying in an ability to shape and transform the public sphere.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-21T07:34:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221101322
       
  • World out of difference: Relations and consequences

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      Authors: Antonio A. R. Ioris
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      The article deals with the ontological configuration and political appropriation of difference in modern, capitalist societies. Against fragmented accounts of difference, it is examined the evolution from situations of wide socio-spatial diversity to the gradual instrumentalisation and selective hierarchisation of those elements of difference that can be inserted in market-based relations, whilst the majority of differences are ignored and disregarded. The instrumentalisation of difference under capitalism – the reduction of extended socio-spatial difference to the interests and priorities of the stronger segments of society who emphasise their distinctive features in the attempt to exert power and control over those considered inferior and subordinate – has more than just an impact on social or interpersonal relations but constitutes an active worldmaking force that operates, primarily, via the promotion of indifference. The analysis is informed by the Hegelian framework of consciousness and reason that is based on what the German philosopher calls the laws of experience accumulated through social interaction. Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit can, therefore, move social theory forward to a critical interrogation of lived and contested differences. The instrumentalised metabolism of difference, following Hegelian metaphysics, is basically the result of self-estrangement and externalisation of the self, not because of self-serving interests but exactly because of its incompleteness and the need to be actualised in the other, who is also incomplete. Likewise, all particulars are moments actualised in the universal, which is also a changeable moment of itself. Thought the negation of otherness, followed by a negation of the negation, difference can be then embraced in its entirety, as it remains a central explanatory concept for social criticism.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T06:23:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221101316
       
  • Epistemology of Religion and phenomenology of revelation in
           post-revolutionary Iran: The case of Abdolkarim Soroush

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      Authors: Hossein Dabbagh
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Abdolkarim Soroush’s theory of ‘The Theoretical Contraction and Expansion of Religious Knowledge’ is arguably one of the most controversial theories of religion in post-revolutionary Iran. Soroush’s theory paves the way for recognising a pluralist interpretation of religion (Islam) by merging the epistemological and hermeneutical theory of religion. However, he later adds another approach to his reformist framework to explain the phenomenon of revelation. In this paper, after carefully laying out Soroush’s contraction and expansion theory, I will discuss his three approaches, that is, epistemological, hermeneutical and phenomenological approaches to religion, through presenting Kantian and Quinian interpretations of contraction and expansion of religious knowledge, addressing the epistemology of contraction and expansion and the phenomenology of revelation, and pointing out some issues about error recognition within contraction and expansion of religious knowledge. I argue that the role of error recognition is crucial in understanding Soroush’s reformist project since it links his epistemology and hermeneutics of religious knowledge to the way he theorises about revelation phenomenologically.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-19T04:44:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221101318
       
  • Populism and the political system: A critical systems theory approach to
           the study of populism

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      Authors: Kolja Möller
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article outlines a critical systems theory approach to the study of populism by arguing that populism is an avenue of contestation which assumes a distinct role and function in the existing constitution of the political system. Most notably, it is characterised by the re-entry of a popular sovereignty dimension within regular political procedures. By taking up a critical systems theory perspective, it becomes possible to more precisely distinguish populism from other forms of politics, such as oppositional politics, social movement politics or procedural constitutional politics. Further, populism’s oscillation between democratic and authoritarian dynamics can be elucidated as an inversion which operates from within its political form. Finally, it is argued that the critical systems theory approach provides a more nuanced understanding of populism’s inherent problems and, consequently, moves beyond a blunt defence or rejection of populism as such.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-10T02:42:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221084003
       
  • Setting struggle in motion: From ‘non-violence’ to
           revolutionary anti-violence

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      Authors: Drucilla Cornell, Stephen D Seely
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In light of the rising anti-racist and decolonial struggles breaking out in the world, this essay seeks to displace the theoretical dichotomy between ‘violence’ and ‘non-violence’. We begin by revisiting Arendt and Fanon to argue that within the conditions of colonial-racial capitalism, ‘non-violence’ is merely a theoretical abstraction. Building on Fanon, who understands decolonial struggle as setting the ‘atmospheric violence’ of colonization into motion toward a new humanity, we develop our own vocabulary of revolutionary anti-violence that replaces a static dichotomy with a spectrum of spontaneous insurrectional activity, non-retaliatory anti-violence, self-defense, and offensive armed struggle. From these, we reinterpret various struggles and distinguish them from terrorism. By centralizing anti-violence as an ethical ideal and political struggle, we aim to overcome the unproductive pitting of ‘good’ (non-violent) movements from ‘bad’ (violent or terrorist) ones and offer a political theory of violence more appropriate to our times.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-09T11:44:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221093725
       
  • A New Skin for the Wounds of History: Fanon’s Affective Sociogeny and
           Ricœur’s Carnal Hermeneutics

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      Authors: J. Reese Faust
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article argues that, despite their distance across the colonial divide, a creolizing reading of Frantz Fanon and Paul Ricœur can yield valuable insights into decoloniality. Tracing their shared philosophical concerns with embodied phenomenology, social ontology and recognition, I argue that their respective accounts of sociogeny and hermeneutics can be productively read together as describing a shared end of mutual recognition untainted by racism or coloniality – a ‘new skin’ for humanity, as Fanon describes it. More specifically, Fanon contributes to Ricœur an understanding of how divergences in social location can be overcome through liberatory action that posits a new logic of sociality; likewise, Ricœur provides Fanon with an account of how liberatory horizons are produced through this praxis, based on the imaginative connection between ideology and utopia. This article concludes by arguing that these congruent methodological and normative concerns can be read together to concretize – and potentially actualize – the utopic end of liberatory struggle in mutual recognition through fashioning this new skin.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-08T10:54:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221090617
       
  • The Genius of Feminism: Cavellian Moral Perfectionism and Feminist
           Political Theory

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      Authors: Sarah Drews Lucas
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Work on Stanley Cavell in contemporary political theory tends to foreground Cavell’s reading of Emersonian moral perfectionism, but this aspect of Cavell’s thought is often left out of feminist readings of his work. In this paper, I give an overview of Cavell’s importance to political theory, and I also trace two Cavellian-inspired feminisms: Sandra Laugier’s ordinary language inflected ethics of care and Toril Moi’s understanding of feminist theory as the close and careful reading of examples. I argue that Cavellian-Emersonian moral perfectionism enhances these feminist readings of Cavell because it helps us explain certain practices in feminist activism, such as resisting conformity, acknowledging the limits of our understanding and being receptive to other members of our feminist community.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-06T10:27:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221093718
       
  • When Political Ignorance is really harmful for Democracy: Moral Intuitions
           and Biased Attitudes in Voting Behaviour

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      Authors: Jacopo Marchetti
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Ignorance about political related issues has long been considered a threat to democracy. This paper revolves around the concept of political ignorance, focusing especially on Ilya Somin’s book Democracy and Political Ignorance and going beyond his standpoint in two ways. First of all, it moves away from the notion of factual knowledge by showing that political ignorance cannot be limited to a matter of information quality. On the contrary, it shows that ignorance concerns the formation of opinions about political facts, which are the bricks with which disagreement is built. Then, using the insights of the Moral Foundation Theory by Jonathan Haidt and his colleagues, the paper argues that moral intuitions represent an additional source of bias that current research on the problem of voters’ ignorance should address. While Somin argues that biased moral values are the outcome of ignorance, Moral Foundation Theory suggests that moral intuitions are a robust determinant of people’s political views as they make factual knowledge partially irrelevant and also make people with different moral minds unable to understand the basis of reciprocal factual argumentations.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-06T03:39:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221093742
       
  • A living critique of domination: Exemplars of radical democracy from Black
           Lives Matter to #MeToo

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      Authors: Martin Breaugh, Dean Caivano
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Building on recent developments in radical democratic theory, in this article we articulate and explore a fresh perspective for theorists and activists of radical democracy: a ‘living critique of domination’. Characterized by a two-fold analytical effort, a ‘living critique of domination’ calls for a radical critique of contemporary forms of power and control coupled with a reappraisal of emancipatory political experiences created by the political action of the Many. We demonstrate that this project responds to the theoretical and practical challenges faced by a politics of emancipation today. Our article offers a first articulation of this living critique through a discussion of three recent political experiences, namely, the 2016 French uprising, Nuit Debout, as well as the Black Lives Matter and #MeToo movements.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-05T01:23:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221093726
       
  • “A False Classless Society”: Adorno’s social theory
           revisited

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      Authors: Naveh Frumer
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Adorno’s social theory is enjoying renewed attention, as is the debate to what extent is it Marxist. A central issue remains Adorno’s concept of social totality: capitalism as a fully integrated society in which every difference is levelled. One problem this raises is why is he still committed to the Marxist concept of class. And second, how to understand his critique of the idea of proletarian class-consciousness, which seems to leave his critical theory without an addressee. The article suggests that, for Adorno, capitalist society exhibits what is termed here “differential integration.” It is predicated both on the labor/capital distinction and, at the same time, on sufficient homology between the two, such that the qualitative class divide is experienced as mere quantitative variance. This efficacious gap between social structure and social experience is at the center of his concept of ideology. Ideology-critique for Adorno is mainly the critique of symptomatic misconceptions of how ideology functions, due to lack of attention to how the class structure is in fact not experienced as such. Adorno’s alternative to proletarian class consciousness is “differential solidarity”: consciousness of social domination that is on the one hand found across class divides yet is experienced differentially between them.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-05-05T01:15:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221093720
       
  • Paternalism, respect and dialogue

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      Authors: Soo Jin Kim
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Supporters of paternalistic policies argue that interference with risky or dangerous choices for citizens’ own good is permissible, as long as those choices are caused by cognitive irrationality or ignorance. Yet, some liberal thinkers argue that despite human irrationality, paternalistic policies are still wrong because they fail to respect citizens as moral equals. I argue that actually both views are mistaken about what respect for citizens requires, because they conceptualize the citizens’ interests from the wrong standpoint. In order for citizens to be respected as equals, I argue that citizens’ interests must be defined from a joint (second-person) standpoint which is constructed through a dialogical process between policymakers and citizens oriented towards mutual understanding. Furthermore, I argue that engaging citizens in such a dialogue is a distinctive paternalistic intervention in its own right, which unlike other kinds of paternalistic intervention, is compatible with respect for citizens as equals.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-04-23T09:37:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221088342
       
  • History of political thought at a standstill: Abensour, constellations and
           textual alterity

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      Authors: Christopher Holman
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article suggests that the philosophical contributions of the French democratic theorist Miguel Abensour offer a unique model for the practice of the history of political thought. Under the influence of the first generation of Frankfurt School critical theory, Abensour can be seen as applying a method of thinking in constellations to the study of historical texts, the critical rearrangement of conceptual elements drawn from the latter generating new dialectical images that reveal something previously obscured about the object of investigation. The history of political thought on this model is less about the recuperation of a definite textual intelligibility than the revelation of social and political alterity.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-04-23T08:19:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221088343
       
  • Realism in the ethics of immigration

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      Authors: James S. Pearson
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      The ethics of immigration is currently marked by a division between realists and idealists. The idealists generally focus on formulating morally ideal immigration policies. The realists, however, tend to dismiss these ideals as far-fetched and infeasible. In contrast to the idealists, the realists seek to resolve pressing practical issues relating to immigration, principally by advancing what they consider to be actionable policy recommendations. In this article, I take issue with this conception of realism. I begin by surveying the way in which it exemplifies what certain political theorists have recently called ‘problem-solving’ realism – a species of realism which they reject as incoherent. These theorists demonstrate that what counts as a ‘feasible’ solution is far harder to establish than most problem-solving realists would have us believe. Applying this general critique to the specific domain of immigration ethics turns out to radically undermine the notion of realism that prevails in this sphere of applied ethics. I conclude that we should therefore revise our conception of what constitutes a genuinely realist approach to the problem of immigration.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-04-22T02:53:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221079676
       
  • Comedy as dissonant rhetoric

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      Authors: Simon Lambek
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article considers the normative and critical value of popular comedy. I begin by assembling and evaluating a range of political theory literature on comedy. I argue that popular comedy can be conducive to both critical and transformative democratic effects, but that these effects are contingent on the way comedic performances are received by audiences. I illustrate this by means of a case study of a comedic climate change ‘debate’ from the television show, Last Week Tonight. Drawing from recent scholarship on deliberation, judgment and rhetoric, I highlight both critical and transformative dimensions of the performance. I attribute these to the vignette’s likely reception, which I describe as ‘dissonant’ – unresolved, affectively turbulent and aesthetically attuned. I argue that comedy is uniquely positioned to spur such ‘dissonant’ modes of engagement and, in so doing, to promote acknowledgement and reflective judgment.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-04-22T02:45:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221079677
       
  • The gentle way in governing: Foucault and the question of neoliberalism

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      Authors: Joseph Tanke
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This essay challenges some of the recent scholarship which claims that Michel Foucault was more sympathetic to neoliberalism than is typically acknowledged. Accordingly, it considers the possible motivations for Foucault’s 1978-1979 lecture course, The Birth of Biopolitics; the relationship between liberalism and the various forms of power identified by Foucault; and, finally, claims that Foucault’s account of the ‘care of the self’ was itself informed by the neoliberal theory of human capital. It finds that Foucault regarded neoliberalism as coercive social arrangement on par with the other forms of power/knowledge targeted by his work. And it concludes with some reflections on how Foucault’s account of the ‘aesthetics of existence’ might facilitate resistance to neoliberalism.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-04-14T08:11:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221079673
       
  • The aporetic humanism of early Derrida

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      Authors: Michael Williams
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article focuses on the French philosopher Jacques Derrida’s thought in the 1960s. Though the discourse of the ‘death of man’ was regnant among French avant-garde intellectuals, this article argues that Derrida himself has to be described as a humanist at this stage in his career, even if a reluctant one. The case is made through close textual analysis of three of Derrida’s early and seminal works: ‘Cogito and the History of Madness’ (1963), ‘Violence and Metaphysics: An Essay on the Thought of Emmanuel Levinas’ (1964) and ‘The Ends of Man’ (1968). In these texts, Derrida grapples with issues of the subject and the other. They collectively reveal that the Derrida of the 1960s held fast to the view that philosophical thought could neither dispense with the subject nor escape the horizon of humanism. However, Derrida reconceived the human subject with reference to his core concepts of différance and arche-writing, making for an aporetic humanism that deconstructs the binary of humanism–antihumanism.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-30T11:52:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221079678
       
  • Social criticism, dissonance, and progress: A socio-epistemic approach

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      Authors: Gianfranco Casuso
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      The immanent approach adopted by most contemporary representatives of the Critical Theory tradition has generally the purpose of offering a foundation for social criticism that, without relying exclusively on explicit or factually accepted principles, avoids both the potential arbitrariness of subjective judgment and the appeal to transcendent criteria. However, this project has not yet paid much attention to the socio-epistemic elements related to the intersubjective praxis of criticism. Based on this concern, I intend to explore the possibility of immanent criticism by using the epistemic category of dissonance. I will begin by showing how Davidson’s notion of irrationality can overcome the problematic separation between healthy and pathological behavior found in Festinger’s classical theory of cognitive dissonance and serve as an indicator of epistemic contradictions that can lead to social change. Thereafter, I will explain the link between these approaches and both Brandom’s inferential semantics and Honneth’s normative reconstruction. At the end of the first part, I expect to show an articulated picture of how dissonance can serve as a key for the analysis of inconsistencies present both in the belief systems and in the institutions and practices that constitute forms of life. In the second part, I will reconstruct three possible objections to this comprehensive approach in relation to the role of the individual in processes of social criticism and to the notions of progress and rationality that the approach adopts. I will analyze here what kind of meta-criterion is necessary to overcome the discomfort generated by the experience of dissonance so that it leads to social change. Taking up the Hegelian-Pragmatist idea of accumulation of experiences, I will argue that such a meta-criterion refers to the possibility of gathering and using available and non-endogenous socio-epistemic resources that allow reconfiguring the foundations of the questioned form of life.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-23T10:07:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211040571
       
  • Calling the news fake: The underlying claims about truth in the post-truth
           era

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      Authors: Thomas Hainscho
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article deals with the question about the conditions for someone to call something ‘fake news’. It examines cases in which something is called fake news and analyses these cases from an ordinary language point of view as speech acts. Doing so, the analysis explains fake news as the expression of a dissent. The analysis avoids problems of recent attempts to provide a definition of fake news and argues against the view that fake news belong to a so-called post-truth era. The conclusion of the article is that it is not possible to call something fake news without having unyielding convictions about the truth.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-18T08:30:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211066854
       
  • A tripartite model of federalism

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      Authors: Raf Geenens, Helder De Schutter
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      The classical account of federalism is bipartite. Federal systems are understood to have a dual nature: on the one hand, there is the central government, and on the other hand, there are the constituent units. We argue instead for a tripartite model of federalism. In this model, a third institutional pillar is added to federal systems. This third pillar deals exclusively with matters related to the institutional architecture of the system. We argue for tripartite federalism on three grounds: a tripartite structure would be better suited to accommodate political communities where citizens might currently feel misrecognized by the central government, it would provide a more efficient way to adjust the federal architecture and it would be able to do so in a more democratic manner. We conclude our article with a reflection on the distance between our ideal-typical tripartite model and actual reality.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-18T08:20:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211066850
       
  • An unthinkable cinema: Deleuze’s mutant politics of film

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      Authors: Timothy Deane-Freeman
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In this paper, I defend a conception of Deleuze’s two volumes dedicated to film – Cinema I: The Movement-Image, and Cinema II: The Time-Image – as protracted expressions of his political philosophy. In this context, I will elaborate the difficult and entwined political claims Deleuze makes on behalf of cinema: that it is capable of engendering a tentative ‘belief in the world’, such as is the necessary correlate of political action; that it captures the contemporary political fact that ‘the people are missing’, as a unified or coherent political agent; and finally that it might reveal those ‘impossible’ or ‘intolerable’ situations which would provoke such a people into being. In advancing this conceptual triumvirate, I will argue that the claims made here on behalf of cinema overspill the art form itself, linking up with Deleuze’s broader political ontology of thought and constituting a generalised political philosophy proper to so-called ‘late-capitalism’.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-16T11:35:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211072879
       
  • ‘To conceal domination in production’: Horkheimer and Adorno’s
           critical functionalist theory of race

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      Authors: Andrew J. Pierce
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article revisits the Frankfurt School’s reflections on race, anti-Semitism and fascism, focusing especially on the theory of race implicit in Dialectic of Enlightenment. It argues that this theory has the potential to be developed into a critical functionalist theory of race that avoids both class and race reductionism, offering a thoroughly intersectional competitor to currently dominant philosophies of race. The key to such a theory is the view that racialization plays a functional role in sustaining capitalist exploitation. While Horkheimer and Adorno focus on the scapegoat function of racialization, I argue that this function, while important, does not exhaust the possible functionalities of racialization and neglects an especially crucial function: the maintenance of a specifically racial form of exploitation.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-16T10:30:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211066861
       
  • The neoliberal influence on South Africa’s early democracy and its
           shortfalls in addressing economic inequality

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      Authors: Danelle Fourie
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I will argue that early post-Apartheid South Africa adopted certain neoliberal principles which compromised the efforts to combat economic inequality. In particular, I will show that the economic policies that South Africa adopted during its early democracy reflect core neoliberal principles which promote a neoliberal political rationality. These economic policies indicate a pivotal approach from the African National Congress government in addressing economic inequality in South Africa. The dramatic shift from traditional Marxist policies to neoliberal policies reveals the significant influence of a neoliberal global market system during South Africa’s early democracy. However, the neoliberal policies failed to address the problem of economic inequality in South Africa. Instead, these policies seem to have deepened the existing economic inequality in contemporary South African society.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-14T04:30:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221079674
       
  • Critical Republicanism and the Discursive Demands of Free Speech

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      Authors: Suzanne Whitten
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      A growing body of literature in feminist philosophy exposes the way in which occupying a particular group identity inhibits an affected agent’s ability to engage in communicative exchange effectively. These accounts reveal a fault in standard liberal defences of free speech, showing how, if free speech is a goal worth pursuing, then it must involve both a concern about the legitimate limits of state interference and of the effect of social norms on an agent’s communicative capacities. Building on the emergence of a ‘critical’ branch of neo-republicanism, this article argues that such speech-related injustices are best understood as a feature of structural domination that threatens the agency of those affected. Recalibrating our understanding of free speech along critical republican lines thus secures discursive agency in our communicative exchanges in a way that both ensures democratic legitimacy and realises equal status for all.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-04T06:01:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211040565
       
  • On the very idea of normative foundations in critical social theory

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      Authors: Justin Evans
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      I argue that the problem of normative foundations is insoluble. I discuss how and why the apparent problem arose, particularly within the Frankfurt School. Then, I describe various theories of normative foundations and the criticisms that such theories have faced, such as ethno- and andro-centrism, imperialism, and the failure to fulfill their own aims. I make my main argument by way of an analogy: theories of knowledge have wrestled with the question of whether a “given”’ could act as a certain foundation for knowledge. The conclusion is often that no given can function in that way, because the given, which supposedly does not require justification, is therefore necessarily unable to justify knowledge. For similar reasons, I argue, nothing can function as a normative foundation for a critical social theory, because any such normative foundation would have to both stand in no need of normative justification but also justify normative social criticism. I conclude by suggesting that more recent critical theory that does not focus on normative foundations can be understood as justifying their critique by appeal to what people do actually want, rather than what they should rationally want.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-02T07:57:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211059512
       
  • The appropriating subject: Cultural appreciation, property and entitlement

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      Authors: Jana Cattien, Richard John Stopford
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      What is cultural ‘appropriation’' What is cultural ‘appreciation’' Whatever the complex answer to this question, cultural appropriation is commonly defined as ‘the taking of something produced by members of one culture by members of another’ (Young 2005: 136), whilst appreciation is typically understood as mere ‘exploration’: ‘Appreciation explores whatever is there’. (Gracyk 2007: 112). These provisional definitions suggest that there is an in-principle distinction between the two concepts that presupposes the following: what is appreciated is already available; what is appropriated was, prior to its being taken, not already there or available. Moreover, perhaps appreciation, when contrasted to appropriation, is unproblematic precisely due to this basic difference.In this paper, we argue that the exclusive disjunction – appropriation or appreciation – rests on a false distinction between the two. We also show that this distinction presupposes a false normative principle that to the extent that x is appreciation rather than appropriation, then x is not – relevant to this issue – a wrong. Against these presuppositions, we defend the view that appropriation is already built into appreciation. This does not mean that we cannot ask questions of appreciation, but that questions of appreciation do not preclude the problematics of appropriation.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-02T05:11:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211059515
       
  • Expropriation of the expropriators

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      Authors: Jacob Blumenfeld
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      The ‘expropriation of the expropriators’ is a delicious turn of phrase, one that Marx even compares to Hegel’s infamous ‘negation of the negation’. But what does it mean, and is it still relevant today' Before I analyse the content of Marx’s expression, I briefly consider contemporary legal understandings of expropriation, as well as some examples of it. In the remainder of the essay, I spell out different kinds of expropriation in Marx and focus on an ambiguity at the core of the notion of ‘expropriating the expropriators’, namely, whether it describes an immanent and objective tendency within the development of the capitalist mode of production or else actively prescribes a form of revolutionary political praxis for the working class. My answer is that it does both, though not without tension. Finally, I develop some implications of these reflections by showing how the concept of expropriation can be put to use today, in struggles around housing, climate and work.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-01T07:11:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211059513
       
  • Anonymity, fidelity to law, and digital Civil disobedience

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      Authors: Wulf Loh
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Making use of the liberal concept of civil disobedience, this paper assesses, under which circumstances instances of illegal digital protest—called “hacktivism”—can be justified vis-à-vis the pro tanto political obligation to obey the law. For this, the paper draws on the three main criteria for liberal civil disobedience—publicity, nonviolence, and fidelity to law—and examines how these can be transferred to the realm of the digital. One of the main disanalogies between street and cyberspace protests is the tendency of hacktivists to remain anonymous, which in turn calls into question their fidelity to law (the third criterion). The paper argues that there are functionally equivalent alternatives to what can be called the “acceptance-of-legal-consequences-condition” (ALCC) associated with the fidelity to law. As a result, the ALCC is not a necessary condition for hacktivists to showcase their fidelity to law, thereby resolving the apparent disanalogy.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-01T03:12:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211072886
       
  • Derrida's Wheel – The Circularity of Political (R)Evolutions

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      Authors: Elia RG Pusterla, Francesca Pusterla
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigates the relationship between political revolutions and the evolution of politics. It discusses the circularity within the concept of revolution through Jacques Derrida’s theory of sovereignty as particularly per Rogues – Two Essays on Reason and The Beast and the Sovereign. Derrida’s notions of wheel and ipseity display ontological prerogatives and evolutionary limits of political revolutions possibly coinciding with reversals hard to turn into linear evolutions, excluding rather than reaffirming circularity. Political revolutions show such incapacity to become evolutionary for politics when lacking ontological substance and resting upon formal contingencies such as new techniques. An ‘alturnative’ notion of sovereignty is proposed as a heuristic criterion to gauge political events’ ‘revolutionary’ quality. This undermines the (r)evolutionary nature of political turns, like those associated with the contemporary digitalisation of politics. The Italian Five Stars Movement’s parable is a case in point of digital political turns whose effect is non-evolutionary for politics.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-01T01:20:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211073625
       
  • Adorno, Marx, and abstract domination

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      Authors: Eli B. Lichtenstein
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article reconstructs and defends Theodor Adorno’s social theory by motivating the central role of abstract domination within it. Whereas critics such as Axel Honneth have charged Adorno with adhering to a reductive model of personal domination, I argue that the latter rather understands domination as a structural and de-individualized feature of capitalist society. If Adorno’s social theory is to be explanatory, however, it must account for the source of the abstractions that dominate modern individuals and, in particular, that of value. While such an account remains undeveloped in Adorno, Marx provides resources for its development, in positing the constitution of value neither in production nor exchange alone, but in the social totality. This article argues that Marx’s account is compatible with Adorno’s, and that it may be used to render Adorno’s theory of domination more credible on explanatory grounds.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-03-01T01:11:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211059508
       
  • It’s funny because it’s true' Reflections on laughter,
           deception, and critique

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      Authors: Patrick T Giamario
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This essay challenges the prevailing view among critical theorists that laughter’s emancipatory power stems from its ability to speak the truth. The disparate accounts of laughter offered by Plato, Hobbes, and Nietzsche exemplify an alternative strategy for theorizing laughter as a performance of deception, or an experience that mystifies rather than enlightens. While a view of laughter as deceptive may at first appear to reduce laughter’s critical leverage over ideology, I argue that this approach offers a stronger account of its emancipatory power. Speaking the truth does little more than reveal the falsity of ideology, and laughter’s capacity to actually transform society hinges on how it deceives differently – namely, in such a way that prompts the imagination and construction of more democratic institutions and modes of relating. The essay concludes by considering the implications of this argument for how we understand the role of truth in critical theory today.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-02-25T09:21:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211033019
       
  • Beyond technocracy and political theology: John Dewey and the authority of
           truth

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      Authors: Michelle Chun
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article aims to shed light on the so-called post-truth moment and the responses of Walter Lippmann, Carl Schmitt, and John Dewey to the unstable basis and implications of truth—empirical or scientific, moral and axiological—in politics. At stake historically and today is an attempt to find political authority grounded in truth so as to preserve an autonomous sphere of freedom for the individual against the potentially irrational subjectivism backed by coercive force. Lippmann and Schmitt mirror the contemporary distrust (or insistence as inescapable fact) of subjectivism and the rejection of pluralism as offering truth as an ordering principle for politics. I argue that Dewey’s turn to inquiry and his conception of truth and politics provides a timely defense of participatory democracy and a democratic ethos necessary to commit to acting on verifiable truth claims. I conclude by applying Dewey’s insights to current scholarship on truth, inquiry, and polarization today.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-02-21T06:30:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211059510
       
  • Democratic freedom as an aesthetic achievement: Peirce, Schiller and
           Cavell on aesthetic experience, play and democratic freedom

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      Authors: Michael Räber
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In this essay, I reconsider the constitution of democratic freedom in aesthetic terms. My interest is in articulating a conception of aesthetic freedom that can be mapped onto a conception of democratic freedom. For this purpose, I bring together Charles Sanders Peirce’s ontology, which comprises fragments of an aesthetic theory, Friedrich Schiller’s concept of aesthetic play and Stanley Cavell’s democratic perfectionism. By providing a philosophical framework for constructing an aesthetics and politics that supports the recent aesthetic turn in political theory, which urges overcoming political theory’s excessive dependence on an epistemological theory of representation, and by proposing a modification to the turn’s heavy reliance on theories of affect, my reading of Peirce, Schiller and Cavell offers a new way to think about the political significance of the autonomy of aesthetic experience and affect for democratic freedom.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-02-16T03:14:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211066864
       
  • Political authority and resistance to injustice: A Confucian perspective

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      Authors: Kevin K W Ip
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Those who bear the burdens of injustice and oppression are entitled to act in ways contrary to existing laws and institutions to secure their own entitlements and those of others. This article aims to articulate a Confucian perspective on resistance against injustice. There are reasons for thinking that the notion of resistance is fundamentally at odds with Confucian political thought. In this article, I move beyond this simple conflict/compatibility model and explore the complex relationships between resistance and Confucianism. On one hand, some of Confucianism’s core commitments can be better attained in contemporary societies by allowing resistance; on the other, a Confucian perspective can offer insights into current discussions on the ethics of resistance.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-02-15T06:45:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211040572
       
  • The discontents of competition for recognition on social media:
           Perfectionism, ressentiment, and collective narcissism

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      Authors: Kristupas Ceilutka
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Individuals frequently utilize social media platforms (SMPs) to express their positive features and receive recognition. Axel Honneth proposes that recognition plays an essential role in social life, explaining both social conflicts and guiding normative social development. While SMPs appear as a perfect tool for the pursuit of recognition, they often fail to achieve the intended results. This paper argues that the failure to achieve recognition through SMPs occurs because SMPs operate according to the neoliberal principle of competition. Competition arises because several structural affordances (quantification, homogeneity, and availability of information) allow for comparing different expressions of recognition. I argue that the competitive pursuit of recognition on SMPs results in several problematic developments, causing the manifestation of perfectionism, ressentiment, and collective narcissism. I conclude that the normative potential of Honneth’s theory is compromised if recognition is pursued competitively.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-02-15T04:45:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211072883
       
  • Philosophy and the study of capitalism

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      Authors: Justin D Evans
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Sociologists, economists, historians, anthropologists, political theorists, and literary critics have all turned their attention to the study of capitalism. But philosophers remain much less engaged. Why is this' And what could philosophy bring to the study of capitalism' Could it help in the development of a general theory' My main argument here is that philosophy does have an important role to play in the study of capitalism, particularly if we want to develop a general theory. Philosophers must describe something that is peculiar to capitalism, in philosophical terms, which has not been explained by sociological, economic, or psychological means. This subject matter does exist: it is the nature of rationality within capitalism. I suggest that this can best be explained by using the theory of the space of reasons, which helps to show how rational human practices shape social and economic institutions, and how our form of rationality is in turn shaped by those practices and institutions.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-02-11T11:01:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211072889
       
  • The Flesh of Negation: Adorno and Merleau-Ponty contra Heidegger

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      Authors: Daniel Neofetou
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Theodor Adorno’s 1960–1961 lecture course Ontology and Dialectics, recently translated into English, provides the most systematic articulation of his critique of Martin Heidegger. When Adorno delivered three of the lectures at the Collège de France, Maurice Merleau-Ponty was reportedly scandalised as he was at that time developing his own ontology, informed by Heidegger. However, this article problematises the assumption that Adorno’s negative dialectic and Merleau-Ponty’s late ontology are incompatible. First, Adorno’s criticism of Heidegger’s ontology is delineated, with particular focus on how Adorno argues that Heidegger’s subordination of the human being to being is homologous with the logic of capitalism. Then, we turn to Merleau-Ponty’s own engagement with Heidegger, with particular focus on how Merleau-Ponty cannot be accused of denigrating ontic beings. Finally, it is argued that Merleau-Ponty’s indirect ontology has the same implications as those which allow Adorno to position his dialectical method as politically opposed to Heidegger’s ontology.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-01-29T10:04:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211066852
       
  • Political polarization: Radicalism and immune beliefs

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      Authors: Manuel Almagro
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      When public opinion gets polarized, the population’s beliefs can experience two different changes: they can become more extreme in their contents or they can be held with greater confidence. These two possibilities point to two different understandings of the rupture that characterizes political polarization: extremism and radicalism. In this article, I show that from the close examination of the best available evidence regarding how we get polarized, it follows that the pernicious type of political polarization has more to do with radicalism than with extremism. Reinforcing the confidence in the core beliefs of the group we identify with makes our beliefs immune to the reasons coming from the other political side. Finally, I also suggest that the rise of political polarization is not necessarily the result of an irrational process.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-01-19T10:49:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211066859
       
  • The Lacan–Badiou constellation in L’immanence des vérités: A limit
           on the infinite'

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      Authors: Kirk Turner, Caitlyn Lesiuk
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In Alain Badiou’s most recent work, L’immanence des vérités (The Immanence of Truths), psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan once again figures peripherally but saliently. What is their specific relation in this text, however' We argue that Badiou responds here to the problem raised precisely by the Lacanian subject, situated as it is between the radical subjectivity of the symptom and the possibility of formalization. In L’immanence, he introduces the term ‘absoluteness’ to secure truths against both relativism and transcendental construction. We show that in drawing on Lacan to establish an understanding of the absolute, Badiou highlights the implicit tension between psychoanalysis and philosophy. We treat central cross-currents – truths, knowledge, the event and love – to help reveal the specific character of their confluence in this third book of Badiou’s trilogy. Although he stresses the unity of his and Lacan’s efforts, the impossible Real marking their divisions also invariably emerges the closer one investigates.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-01-13T06:01:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537211066858
       
  • Critical problems and pragmatist solutions

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      Authors: Felix Petersen, Hauke Brunkhorst, Martin Seeliger
      First page: 1341
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In this special issue, we draw on pragmatist political and social theory and philosophy to illustrate the creative potential of this intellectual tradition for thinking about the numerous crises that haunt liberal democratic societies today. The introduction identifies five overlapping problem constellations (demise of public power, lasting consequences of inequality, pluralization of society, return of authoritarian practices and globalization of the world) that have driven the recent rise of undemocratic or authoritarian patterns of social organization and political rule. Against this backdrop, we conclude that the revitalization of certain dimensions of liberal democracy will not suffice to overcome these problems, which means that democratic practices need radical rethinking and reconceptualization. For this intellectual and political endeavour, we argue, pragmatism provides a suitable framework to identify problems that require resolution and define and mobilize collective problem-solving capacities from already existing practices. All eight contributions to this special issue draw on pragmatist political and social theory and philosophy to illustrate to what extent, and to what ends, this intellectual tradition can revitalize the political and social discourse on the past, present and future of democracy. The articles are organized in two sections: (1) Pragmatist critique and the critical potential of pragmatism, (2) pragmatist politics and theories of democratic practice.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-23T07:57:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221114916
       
  • Not just a liberal – Social philosophy as antiauthoritarian and utopian
           social criticism: Richard Rorty’s Achieving Our Country today

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      Authors: Hauke Brunkhorst
      First page: 1353
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      Rorty understands pragmatism in philosophy and social science, literature and art, to be intertwined with the political project of changing the world. Achieving Our Country, together with a lecture on the 150th anniversary of the Communist Manifesto, has become Rorty’s political testament. Rorty understands the leftist American project as the incomplete one of all those who fight for a classless society of boundless diversity (1). At the centre of Achieving Our Country is the tragic division between old and new, social and cultural Left (2). Rorty’s patriotism is progressive and cosmopolitan (3). The American project can only be realized if the Left breaks the hegemony of the political Right (4). For that, America must be understood as a utopia that makes itself the avant-garde of global political, economic, social and cultural change. (5) This utopia can be realized only by a new kind of unity between leftist centres in the university and leftist organizational power in the rest of society. In this respect, America could become a model for the rest of the world again (6).
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-10-05T02:43:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221122270
       
  • Vicious circles: Adorno, Dewey and disclosing critique of society

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      Authors: Arvi Särkelä
      First page: 1369
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      At the centre of Adorno’s critical theory of society lies the problem of Bann or Bannkreis: why do individuals systematically act in ways that reinforce conditions that are obviously incompatible with their freedom and pursuit of happiness' Despite criticism of Dewey’s experimentalism by several Frankfurt School critical theorists claiming that the American pragmatist fails to account for systematic blockages to critique, Dewey does in fact formulate his approach to social critique as a response to the problem that social life might be made immune to transformative claims. In Human Nature and Conduct, thirty years prior to Adorno’s Bannkreis, he conceptualizes a ‘vicious circle’ in which attempts to transform social life seem to be caught and points to a way out. This article shows that Adorno and Dewey share in a project at the heart of critical theory, the project of a disclosing critique of society. In different and mutually completing ways, the Frankfurt School critical theorist and the American pragmatist point out the extent to which their contemporary societies are caught in antagonistic and painful vicious circles and thereby point to the objective possibility of another form of social life. The article is historical, but it is animated by the intent to brush a fruitful path for disclosing critique today. From Adorno, this critical practice gains the idea that theory of society can be a disclosing gesture, which presents an important corrective to Dewey’s failure to trace the eclipse of the public. From Dewey, it gets a reminder that these theories must find ways to continue into ordinary life experience through group action for their disclosure to come full circle.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-06T03:00:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221117092
       
  • Not everyone can be a winner, baby: A pragmatist response to problems of
           contemporary ‘crisis studies’

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      Authors: Veith Selk, Andy Scerri, Dirk Jörke
      First page: 1391
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      A growing genre of ‘crisis studies’ traces liberal-democratic instability to technocratic reformism and populist reaction to it. Most contributions recommend restoring economic growth, rebuilding civic culture and eschewing populist ‘us-versus-them’ narratives. This literature relies on a problematic way of thinking we label irenicism, and show to be a contemporary variant of what political realists call progressive moralizing. Irenicism portrays liberal-democracy as the product of voluntary consensus among rational individuals to sustain institutions that, by promoting endless economic growth, support universal interests and values. By way of a synthesis of realist thinking and Dewey’s pragmatic approach to experimental theory-building, irenicism is shown to preserve a lacuna for political interpretation. The task for current political theory should not be to affirm old ideas in the face of new challenges. Rather, it should be to do away with ‘traditionalized’ ideas, to clear the field for experimental responses to democratic political thought and action.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-09T09:27:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221114911
       
  • Aecsthetic transformative experience. A pragmatist outline

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      Authors: Federica Gregoratto
      First page: 1408
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      How does emancipation from social oppression work and unfold' The paper is an attempt to deal with this question from an aesthetic point of view. By drawing on pragmatist resources, and more precisely on John Dewey’s aesthetic theory and on Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’, I discuss the critical and transformative potential of a special kind of aesthetic experience, namely ‘aecsthetic experience’. The paper unfolds in three steps: First, I introduce Iris Marion Young’s account of social oppression, which fits particularly well with the framework of the ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’ (1). I show then, in contrast to an established interpretation, how the protagonist of Gilman’s story makes an experience of liberation from oppression (2). Finally, I reconstruct Dewey’s role in my interpretation of this feminist classic, and I suggest what a Deweyan account might learn from it (3).
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-09T03:07:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221117086
       
  • Pragmatist democracy and the populist challenge

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      Authors: Felix Petersen
      First page: 1427
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This article intervenes in the debate on populism and democratic reform. Assuming that neither progressive populist counter-projects nor reforms broadening participation or deepening deliberation provide an immediate and realistic solution to the problematic political condition, the article engages with John Dewey’s work and presents a democratic praxis focused on problem-solving as the most promising remedy to the populist challenge. The analysis shows that Dewey conceptualizes human action as inherently focused on problem-solving, which allows him to think democracy as an associated activity to articulate and solve problems through public inquiry. Drawing on the critique that powerful groups prevent democratic problem-solving activities, I develop his argument that a problem-centred democratic project must attach itself to ‘wants and interests that are actually operating’. Against this backdrop, the pragmatic way forward to the repression of populist authoritarianism lies in the expansion of democratic problem-solving, which, I conclude, can be realized by interweaving intelligent action into the habits of democratic parties.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-29T09:42:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221114917
       
  • Articulating the social: Expressive domination and Dewey’s epistemic
           argument for democracy

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      Authors: Just Serrano-Zamora
      First page: 1445
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      This paper aims at providing an epistemic defense of democracy based on John Dewey’s idea that democracies do not only find problems and provide solutions to them but they also articulate problems. According to this view, when citizens inquire about collective issues, they also partially shape them. This view contrasts with the standard account of democracy’s epistemic defense, according to which democracy’s is good at tracking and finding solutions that are independent of political will-formation and decision-making. It is also less vulnerable to the criticisms that have been raised against the standard account. To show this, the paper develops a theory of expressive domination and argues that problem-articulation works best when it is inclusive and domination-free. It also shows that democratic conflict represents a fundamental element for problem-articulation.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-11T01:35:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221114912
       
  • Politics, governance and the ethics of belief

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      Authors: Karen Kunz, C. F. Abel
      First page: 1464
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      In matters of governance, is believing subject to ethical standards' If so, what are the criteria how relevant are they in our personal and political culture today' The really important matters in politics and governance necessitate a confidence that our beliefs will lead dependably to predictable and verifiable outcomes. Accordingly, it is unethical to hold a belief that is founded on insufficient evidence or based on hearsay or blind acceptance. In this paper, we demonstrate that the pragmatist concept of truth best meets this standard for ethically held belief in matters of politics and governance. Currently, these standards are abused by the gaslighting and distortion characteristics of the often social media driven ‘misinformation society’. The legitimacy and trust in our institutions and leadership that is requisite for good governance is challenged thereby, threatening the viability of our republic.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-10T02:20:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221114907
       
  • Does the European left have to choose between the nation-state and
           internationalism' Some considerations following Richard Rorty

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      Authors: Martin Seeliger, Johannes Kiess
      First page: 1480
      Abstract: Philosophy & Social Criticism, Ahead of Print.
      By applying the concept of democracy and the state proposed by Richard Rorty, the article aims to make a theoretical contribution to understanding frames of political mobilization and solidarity. While Rorty’s conceptual instruments stem from the field of epistemology and moral philosophy and have, so far, not been widely applied to theorizing statehood in general and labour market policy in particular, his ideas can help to understand leftist politics between inter- and re-nationalization. By drawing on empirical findings on debates and negotiations between European trade union organizations, the text proposes an idea on how to overcome a dualistic framework beyond a footloose cosmopolitanism and national protectionism.
      Citation: Philosophy & Social Criticism
      PubDate: 2022-08-08T09:25:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01914537221117097
       
 
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