Subjects -> ENERGY (Total: 414 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENERGY (12 journals)
    - ENERGY (252 journals)
    - ENERGY: GENERAL (7 journals)
    - NUCLEAR ENERGY (40 journals)
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    - RENEWABLE ENERGY (45 journals)

NUCLEAR ENERGY (40 journals)

Showing 1 - 37 of 37 Journals sorted alphabetically
Atom Indonesia     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
CNL Nuclear Review     Partially Free  
Eksplorium : Buletin Pusat Pengembangan Bahan Galian Nuklir     Open Access  
EPJ Nuclear Sciences & Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Fusion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ganendra : Majalah IPTEK Nuklir     Open Access  
Hyperfine Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nuclear Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Nuclear Safety and Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Nuclear Security     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Power Generation Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nuclear Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Power Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Radiation Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Kerntechnik     Full-text available via subscription  
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nano Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nanomaterials and Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nuclear Energy and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nuclear Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nuclear Materials and Energy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nuclear Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nuclear Science and Techniques     Full-text available via subscription  
Nuclear Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nucleus     Open Access  
Nukleonika     Open Access  
Radiation Detection Technology and Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tri Dasa Mega : Jurnal Teknologi Reaktor Nuklir     Open Access  
Urania Jurnal Ilmiah Daur Bahan Bakar Nuklir     Open Access  
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Similar Journals
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Atom Indonesia
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0126-1568
Published by BATAN Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Noise Suppression of Computed Tomography (CT) Images Using Residual
           Encoder-Decoder Convolutional Neural Network (RED-CNN)

    • Authors: H. B. Cokrokusumo, I. Hariyati, L. E. Lubis, P. Prajitno, D. S. Soejoko
      Pages: 171 - 178
      Abstract: In this study, an in-house residual encoder-decoder convolutional neural network (RED-CNN)-based algorithm was composed and trained using images of cylindrical polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) phantom with a diameter of 26 cm at different simulated noise levels. The model was tested on 21 × 26 cm elliptical PMMA computed tomography (CT) phantom images with simulated noise to evaluate its denoising capability using signal to noise ratio (SNR), comparative peak signal-to-noise ratio (cPSNR), structural similarity (SSIM) index, modulation transfer function frequencies (MTF 10 %) and noise power spectra (NPS) values as parameters. Evaluation of a possible decrease of image quality was also performed by testing the model using homogenous water phantom and wire phantom images acquired using different mAs values. Results show that the model was able to consistently increase SNR, cPSNR, SSIM values, and decrease the integral noise power spectra (NPS). However, the noise level on either training or testing data affects the model’s final denoising performance. The lower noise level on testing data images tends to result in over-smoothed images, as indicated by the shift of the NPS curves. In contrast, higher simulated noise level tends to result in less satisfactory denoising performance, as indicated by lower SNR, cPSNR, and SSIM values. Meanwhile, the higher noise level on training data images tends to produce denoised images with reduced sharpness, as indicated by the decrease of the MTF 10 % values. Further studies are required to better understand the character of RED-CNN for CT noise suppression regarding the optimum parameters for best results.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1113
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Determination and Distribution Map for Radionuclides in Soil Samples from
           Different Location by Gamma Spectrometry Using Software Analysis

    • Authors: H. Mansour, L. A. Najam, S. A. Abd El-Azeem
      Pages: 179 - 184
      Abstract: The fundamental goal of the current study is to determine the mean activity concentrations of natural and artificial radionuclides of 226Ra, 232Th, 40K, and 137Cs using gamma spectrometry for three locations, in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq, which are significant and vital countries in the Middle East. The mean absorbed dose rate equals 22.35, 28.96, and 43.34 nGy h-1 for Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq. The results are consistent with international reports. The dose contribution percentages for investigated locations are 24 %, 30 %, and 46 % for Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq, respectively. The obtained results were clarified by statistical measurements using one-way ANOVA test to determine the distribution and differences between the averages of the three groups under study, as they may be influenced by geological variations and human intervention. It was found that the Iraq samples followed a symmetrical, standard normal distribution, while samples from Egypt and Saudi Arabia did not. Statistically significant differences were found between the data from the three countries.
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1194
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Efficient and Practical Radiosynthesis of Novel [131I]-Xanthine and

    • Authors: H. Wongso, W. Nuraeni, E. Rosyidiah
      Pages: 185 - 191
      Abstract: Natural products (NPs) have been the basis for the discovery and development of pharmacologically relevant drug-related molecules, including radiopharmaceuticals. Xanthine (3,7-dihydropurine-2,6-dione) and hypoxanthine (1,9-dihydro-6H-purin-6-one) are purine-based natural heterocyclic alkaloids that are generally found in some plants, animals, and the human body (e.g., muscle tissue, blood, and urine). The purpose of this study was to label xanthine and hypoxanthine with radioactive iodine-131 (a theranostic radionuclide) by a direct labeling method using chloramine-T as an oxidizing agent. Several experiments were performed to optimize the labeling efficiency by changing reaction conditions, including the ratio of starting material and chloramine-T, pH, solvent, temperature, and reaction time. Overall, labeling at acidic conditions in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) resulted in considerable low radiochemical yields (RCYs) (< 4.0 %), and therefore the focus was shifted to exploit the alkaline reaction conditions. The optimized reaction condition: pH (10.5-11.0), xanthine:chloramine-T ratio (1:2), reaction temperature (27 ºC), and reaction time (30 min),  provided [131I]-xanthine with a RCY of 65.8 ± 0.1 %. After purification with extraction using chloroform (CHCl2), the radiochemical purity (RCP) of 95.1 % was achieved, as indicated by radio-thin layer chromatography (radio-TLC) analysis. In addition, the labeling of hypoxanthine was accomplished in a maximum 60.3 ± 0.2 % RCY, and after purification a RCP of 94.2 % was obtained. The present results provide an efficient and practical labeling method for xanthine and hypoxanthine with iodine-131, suggesting that these radiolabeled compounds can be further investigated in in vitro and in vivo studies for their theranostics potential.
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1233
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Inter-Code Comparison of Computational VERA Depletion Benchmark Using
           OpenMC, OpenMC-ONIX and DRAGON

    • Authors: A. Islam, T. A. Rahim, A. S. Mollah
      Pages: 193 - 203
      Abstract: This research focuses on the comparative analysis of the PWR fuel assembly based on VERA depletion benchmark problems using community-developed open source Monte Carlo code OpenMC, python based burnup code system ONIX (a coupling interface for Monte Carlo code OpenMC), and deterministic DRAGON code. The depletion analysis was performed using OpenMC and ONIX with ENDF/B-VII.1 nuclear data library, and DRAGON with SHEM-361 based DRAGLIB format library (ENDF/B-VII.1). The code-to-code analysis on the evolution of , atom number density, and power distribution as a function of burnup has been performed and the result shows a good agreement with the maximum difference within 200 pcm at EOC. However small discrepancy around 90 pcm has been observed in  calculated by DRAGON compared to OpenMC in the presence of integral fuel burnable absorbers (IFBA). The above-mentioned codes have been validated successfully for the first time against PWR fuel assembly based on VERA depletion benchmark problems. It can be concluded that initial implementation of these codes at the Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering under Military Institute of Science and Technology, Dhaka, was successful and that further research works are to be performed to utilize these codes for depletion/neutronics calculation of existing 3MW TRIGA Mark-II research reactor and VVER-type power reactor that is to be commissioned in Bangladesh.
      PubDate: 2022-12-06
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1191
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Scanning Horn Simulation Code for Electron Beam Machine Based on Boris

    • Authors: A. H. Shali, S Saminto, S. R. Adabiah, F. Lucyana, T Taufik
      Pages: 205 - 213
      Abstract: A numerical particle simulation code package to estimate the irradiation distribution of an electron beam machine is presented. Particle-to-particle interactions are calculated using particle-in-cell method, while the equation of motion is solved using Boris algorithm. The amplitude of oscillating magnetic field distribution from the scanning horn is obtained using CST magnetic field solver. The code was run using Intel’s i7-10700 processor without multithreading. For cases where particle-to-particle interactions are negligible, the simulation requires about 10 000 seconds to finish. The results show that different shapes of signals will result in different irradiation distributions. For a relatively low magnetic oscillation frequency, it is shown that a triangular signal will result in a more evenly distributed irradiation compared to a sinusoidal signal.
      PubDate: 2022-12-07
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1186
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Dose Distribution of Radioxenon Due to a Hypothetical Accident of TRIGA
           Research Reactor in Bangladesh

    • Authors: K. M. Z. Zihan, M. A. Hoq, M. A. Khaer, M. T. Chowdhury, M. M. Rahman, M. S. Islam, M. M. Rahman
      Pages: 215 - 223
      Abstract: Radiological dose distribution owing to the deposition of 131mXe, 133mXe, 133Xe, 135mXe, 135Xe, and 138Xe on ground and immersion considering a postulated accident of TRIGA Mark-II research reactor has been assessed. The radiological dose distribution has been carried out in various directions with the help of Gaussian Diffusion Model. Local meteorological data such as average wind speed, frequency, etc. has been collected and evaluated for various directions around the reactor site. For all the dominant directions, the maximum dose values due to 131mXe, 133mXe, 133Xe, 135mXe, 135Xe, 138Xe and the total (131mXe + 133mXe + 133Xe + 135mXe + 135Xe + 138Xe) were observed within the limit 3.03E-7–1.23E-4 µSv/h, 1.01E-5–4.09E-3 µSv/h, 0.0003–0.14 µSv/h, 2.29E-5–9.26E-3 µSv/h, 0.002 –1.111 µSv/h, 1.11E-5–4.55E-3 µSv/h, and 0.003–1.269 µSv/h, respectively. Dose distribution was found to be dominant due to immersion and the contribution was 87.55 %. There is shortage of data regarding the release of radioxenon in the atmosphere during nuclear accident especially in the case of TRIGA type research reactor. This paper is the first such detailed study on atmospheric release of radioxenon and its dose distribution for a full power- reactor and the consequences towards the environment and public health. The result can be applied to develop the radiological protective measures and to prepare an emergency response plan for the TRIGA reactor site.
      PubDate: 2022-12-09
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1227
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Detection of Radon Exhalation from Various Building Materials Using CR-39,
           RAD7, and Biosensors

    • Authors: B. J. Albazoni, H. J. Almayahi
      Pages: 225 - 230
      Abstract: Study aimed to design and manufacture two biosensors, namely BIOS-I and BIOS-II, for 222Rn and Pb+2 measurements in building materials and soil samples. For comparison, the conventional detectors of RAD7 and CR-39 were used. The biosensor material used was based on ssDNA rich guanine or primer. The two biosensors have a difference in the sequence of the nitrogenous bases. The measurement revealed that the average of 222Rn exhalation by the BIOS-Ι was 373.30 Bqm-3, while the BIOS-ΙΙ was 342.29 Bqm-3. The average 222Rn exhalation measured by the CR-39 detector was 326.17 Bqm-3, whereas by the RAD7 detector it was 319.95 Bqm-3. This study found that 222Rn exhalation in the Indian and Chinese granites, soil, and Iraqi mosaic samples was higher than the limits recommended by WHO, while the rest of the samples were within the permissible limits. It is also known that there is a very weak positive correlation between BIOS-Ι or BIOS-ΙΙ and humidity, while a very weak negative correlation was found between them and temperature. There is a very strong positive correlation between radon exhalation recorded by RAD7 and humidity. On the other hand, there are no statistically significant differences between BIOS-I and BIOS-II at (level 0.01), while there are statistically significant differences between BIOS-I and CR-39 or RAD7 at level 0.01. It was concluded that the manufactured biosensors have better detection for radon than RAD 7 and CR-39 detectors.
      PubDate: 2022-12-10
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1178
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Simulation of Dispersion Modeling of 137Cs for the Possible Leakage of
           Malaysia‚Äôs Nuclear Power Plant Operation

    • Authors: M Muslim, F. I. Maulana, H. Suseno, S. Y. Wulandari
      Pages: 231 - 236
      Abstract: The world’s energy needs increase in line with population growth. One alternative to overcome this problem is the construction of a nuclear power plant, a source of energy that is cheap, clean, and safe. Malaysia has a plan to construct nuclear power plants by 2025, which is located close to Indonesian waters. This study aimed to determine the distribution model of 137Cs radionuclide released by the nuclear power plant in the event of a leak in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia and its impact on the presence of 137Cs in Indonesian waters. A quantitative method was used in this study with a scenario 2D modeling using hydrodynamics module and transport module in MIKE software. The results showed that the highest concentration of 137Cs would be found in the area around the nuclear power plant with a value of 1011 PBq/m3, then it would decrease through diffusion and advection processes. On the 15th day, the spread of 137Cs would reach Indonesian waters with a distance of up to 76 km and would expand on the 30th day with a distance of up to 130 km from the released source. The movement of 137Cs follows the dominant current pattern due to its nature. The presence of 137Cs in Indonesian waters after the 15th and 30th days would reach a value of 1 Bq/m3 due to advection and diffusion processes.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1200
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Investigation of Lead Borate Glass Composites for Boron Neutron
           Capture Therapy Shielding

    • Authors: M. S. Ali, A. M. Abdelmonem, S. K. Elshamndy, G. M. Shoraiet, T. M. Mustafa, G. S. Hassan
      Pages: 237 - 246
      Abstract: In this work, we studied the lead borate glass composites to optimize its shielding properties of thermal neutrons and gamma-rays for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) applications. Attenuation coefficients, half-value layer (HVL), and tenth-value layer (TVL) were measured for a broad range of gamma-ray energies, i.e., 356, 511, 662, 1173, 1274, and 1332 keV experimentally. Theoretical results using XCOM software show an agreement with the NaI(Tl) detector-based experimental measurements. The attenuation of collimated thermal neutrons, from Cf-252 source, was simulated using Monte Carlo-based code and compared experimentally with measurements by BF3 detector. A reasonable agreement between simulations and experiments was observed, suggesting that the shielding properties of lead borate glass (LBG) composites are monotonically increasing with the increasing of the lead and boron additives.
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1147
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Response Surface Optimization of Gamma Irradiation Synthesis of
           Alginate-Stabilized Silver Nanoparticles Without Addition of a Hydroxyl
           Radical Scavenger

    • Authors: D. P. Perkasa, W. Arozal, K Kusmardi, M. Syaifudin
      Pages: 247 - 257
      Abstract: The use of isopropanol as a hydroxyl radical scavenger on the radiosynthesis of alginate-stabilized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) can limit its application in nanomedicine. Meanwhile, optimum condition for gamma irradiation synthesis of alginate-stabilized AgNPs without addition of a hydroxyl radical scavenger has not been reported yet. In this study, the optimization of this process was carried out using response surface methodology (RSM) combined with Central Composite Design (CCD). The three processing conditions, i.e. radiation dose, precursor silver ion concentration, and alginate concentration were selected as decision variables to maximize two responses in terms of the conversion yield and AgNP concentration responses. The results indicated that the regression model of conversion yield and AgNP concentration fit linearly with the two-factor interaction and the linear model, respectively. The significant effect of the alginate factor on the conversion yield indicates the dual stabilizing–scavenging role of the alginate. The optimum conditions derived from CCD-RSM were obtained at a 20 kGy radiation dose, 7.78 mM precursor silver ion concentration, and 1.2 % (w/v) alginate concentration with the desirability of 0.731. The actual experimental results were 65.43% conversion yield and 480.91 ppm AgNP concentration, which were within the prediction interval at confidence of 95 %. The AgNPs under the optimum condition had a spherical shape, 97.4 % volume of size distribution at 6.50-28.21 nm, and zeta potential of -28.3 mV.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1169
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2022)
  • Cover Atom Indonesia Vol 48 No 3

    • Authors: cover48no3 cover48no3
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1282
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3
  • Preface Atom Indonesia Vol 48 No 3

    • Authors: preface48no3 preface48no3
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1283
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3
  • Acknowledgement Atom Indonesia Vol 48 No 3

    • Authors: ack48no3 ack48no3
      DOI: 10.17146/aij.2022.1284
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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