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HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (56 journals)

Showing 1 - 57 of 57 Journals sorted alphabetically
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
altlastenforum Baden-Württemberg e.V., Schriftenreihe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Fluid Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
American Water Works Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AWWA Water Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computers & Fluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Development and Applications of Oceanic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Discover Water     Open Access  
Drinking Water Engineering and Science (DWES)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Hydroécologie Appliquée     Full-text available via subscription  
Hydrology: Current Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hydrometallurgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ingeniería del agua     Open Access  
Ingeniería Hidráulica y Ambiental     Open Access  
International Journal of Fluid Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Hydraulic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Hydromechatronics     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Coastal and Hydraulic Structures (JCHS)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Coastal and Riverine Flood Risk (JCRFR)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ecohydraulics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Hydraulic Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Hydrodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Marine Science and Application     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ocean University of China (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Water Process Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Journal of Waterway Port Coastal and Ocean Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
LARHYSS Journal     Open Access  
LHB Hydroscience Journal     Open Access  
Limnology and Oceanography: Fluids and Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Marine Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Marine Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Maritime Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Navigation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 269)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Regional Studies in Marine Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Ambiental     Open Access  
Revista Ingeniería Agrícola     Open Access  
Ribagua : Revista Iberoamericana del Agua     Open Access  
Water SA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Water Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
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Maritime Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.538
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 13  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1872-7859 - ISSN (Online) 2212-9790
Published by SpringerOpen Homepage  [228 journals]
  • A new hope for small-scale fisheries through local action groups'
           Comparing Finnish and Swedish experiences

    • Abstract: Abstract New forms of institutional support within modern multi-level fisheries governance are urgently needed to address the decline of coastal and inland fisheries. The EU-funded Fisheries Local Action Group (FLAG) initiative promises new hope to small-scale fishers by channelling support for the development of local fishing communities. This paper analyses the potential of FLAGs to contribute towards revitalizing small-scale fisheries in Nordic settings. Drawing on documents, surveys and interviews, we compare the implementation of FLAGs in Finland and Sweden. These countries were selected for analysis because they exhibit major differences in the implementation of FLAGs, alongside similarities in their coastal fisheries and social contexts. A special structural feature in Sweden is that FLAGs have been entirely integrated into Local Action Groups set up under the LEADER programme, an EU initiative that supports development projects in rural, coastal and urban areas. As a result, fisheries issues that used to be addressed by sectoral fishery groups are now subsumed into broader territorial initiatives. In Finland, the FLAG system still comprises independent fishery groups, which collaborate with LEADER groups. Our comparison of the two cases demonstrates the importance of dedicated institutional support for small-scale fisheries to enable them to access funding opportunities provided by the EU’s FLAG initiative. Our comparative perspective enables conclusions to be drawn regarding the pros and cons of different approaches to the implementation of this hierarchical funding system, and the extent to which they can help restore fishers’ self-reliance and benefit local fishing livelihoods.
      PubDate: 2022-05-19
       
  • Impacts of COVID-19 on people and sea: marine social science imaginations

    • PubDate: 2022-05-18
       
  • Steering resilience in coastal and marine cultural heritage

    • Abstract: Abstract Coastal and marine cultural heritage (CMCH) is at risk due to its location and its often indefinable value. As these risks are likely to intensify in the future, there is an urgent need to build CMCH resilience. We argue that the current CMCH risk management paradigm narrowly focuses on the present and preservation. This tends to exclude debates about the contested nature of resilience and how it may be achieved beyond a strict preservationist approach. There is a need, therefore, to progress a broader and more dynamic framing of CMCH management that recognises the shift away from strict preservationist approaches and incorporates the complexity of heritage’s socio-political contexts. Drawing on critical cultural heritage literature, we reconceptualise CMCH management by rethinking the temporality of cultural heritage. We argue that cultural heritage may exist in four socio-temporal manifestations (extant, lost, dormant, and potential) and that CMCH management consists of three broad socio-political steering processes (continuity, discontinuity, and transformation). Our reconceptualisation of CMCH management is a first step in countering the presentness trap in CMCH management. It provides a useful conceptual framing through which to understand processes beyond the preservationist approach and raises questions about the contingent and contested nature of CMCH, ethical questions around loss and transformation, and the democratisation of cultural heritage management.
      PubDate: 2022-05-12
       
  • Fishing during the “new normality”: social and economic changes in
           Galapagos small-scale fisheries due to the COVID-19 pandemic

    • Abstract: Abstract The crisis caused by COVID-19 has profoundly affected human activities around the globe, and the Galapagos Islands are no exception. The impacts on this archipelago include the impairment of tourism and the loss of linkages with the Ecuadorian mainland, which has greatly impacted the local economy. The collapse of the local economy jeopardized livelihoods and food security, given that many impacts affected the food supply chain. During the crisis, the artisanal fishers of the Galapagos showed a high capacity to adapt to the diminishing demand for fish caused by the drastic drop in tourism. We observed that fishers developed strategies and initiatives by shifting roles, from being mainly tourism-oriented providers to becoming local-household food suppliers. This new role of fishers has triggered an important shift in the perception of fishers and fisheries in Galapagos by the local community. The community shifted from perceiving fisheries as a sector opposed to conservation and in conflict with the tourism sector to perceiving fisheries as the protagonist sector, which was securing fresh, high-quality protein for the human community. This study explores the socio-economic impacts and adaptations of COVID-19 on Galapagos’ artisanal fisheries based on a mixed methods approach, including the analysis of fisheries datasets, interviews, surveys, and participant observation conducted during and after the lockdown. We illustrate the adaptive mechanisms developed by the sector and explore the changes, including societal perceptions regarding small-scale fisheries in the Galapagos. The research proposes strategies to enhance the Galapagos’ economic recovery based on behaviors and traits shown by fishers which are considered potential assets to build-up resilience.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
       
  • Covid-19 and Sargassum blooms: impacts and social issues in a mass tourism
           destination (Mexican Caribbean)

    • Abstract: Abstract When the COVID-19 pandemic reached the Mexican Caribbean in late March 2020, this world-renown tourist destination had already been struggling with Sargassum influxes for 5 years. The nature and magnitude of these two impacts are not directly comparable, but both have contributed to profoundly transforming the region. As extreme COVID-19 containment measures were implemented nationwide, the tourism industry contracted by 98% as over 23 million visitors failed to arrive in 2020 and 400 daily flights stopped landing at Cancun Airport. Sargassum accumulations on Caribbean beaches, and their collection, containment and removal had been a challenging socioeconomic issue in the Caribbean region years before the COVID-19 pandemic shut down the tourist industry. We explore Beck’s concept of a risk society as an approach to these socioenvironmental impacts. We analyze five premises about risk society, combining them with a mainly ethnography methodology involving 61 informants. We present the results in terms of impacts. Using the concept of trajectory based on pandemic event chronology, we review the main stages of the pandemic during the research period (May to July 2020) and how the studied population worked to prevent virus infection and spread. We employ narratives to analyze risk perception both of the Sargassum influx and the pandemic. The discussion highlights the importance of moving beyond nature/society dichotomies and dualisms. In summary, the profound transformations caused by these impacts provide a unique opportunity for the Mexican Caribbean to reconstitute itself in a way that encompasses the world risk society concept, perhaps in a more socially and environmentally resilient incarnation.
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
       
  • Ecosystem-based governance according to the Malawi principles: a test for
           the southern Lake Malawi

    • Abstract: Abstract This paper examines what may happen when the internationally renowned Malawi principles for ecosystem-based fisheries management are implemented in real-life situations. To explore this, an ecosystem-based fisheries management plan for the southern part of the Lake Malawi is used as a case study. However, the lessons learned are relevant for the global implementation of these principles. Drawing on ‘interactive governance theory’, we argue that implementation involves all three ‘governance-orders’, (1) where the governance principles are formulated, (2) where the institutions are designed to operationalise and implement these principles, and (3) where implementation and enforcement actually take place and become routine operation. The Malawi principles must be institutionalised and, subsequently, find their concretisation in the way the southern Lake Malawi ecosystem is actually managed by, and according to, the Malawi Principles and the institutions of which management is a function. Our case study portrays the need to build capacity to address the implementation challenges as they appear at all three governance-orders. We suggest that ecosystem-based governance is a more appropriate term, for what the Malawi principles aim to achieve, than management, which we associate with the more technical elements of this approach.
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
       
  • Competing voices: Indigenous rights in the shadow of conventional
           fisheries management in the tropical rock lobster fishery in Torres
           Strait, Australia

    • Abstract: Abstract Much progress has been made in recent decades in achieving high-level recognition of indigenous fishing rights. Despite these advances, actualization of indigenous rights to own and control marine resources has proven challenging. Insufficient attention to the centrality of power and its workings in fisheries are often the subject of critiques and of calls for more empirical research. This paper draws on interviews, participant observation, cognitive mapping, scenario workshops, and policy document review to examine power configurations and dynamics in the tropical rock lobster (TRL) fishery in Torres Strait (TS), Australia. Despite recognition of indigenous commercial fishing rights by the High Court in 2013, there have been only limited changes in how fisheries governance operates in the region. The current TRL management plan also risks entrenching non-indigenous interests in the fishery, thereby preventing Islanders from achieving their aspiration to fully own and control TS fisheries. Through an analysis drawing from Foucault’s theory of governmentality and Blaser’s political ontology framework, we show (1) how current fisheries management structures, processes and discourses are at odds with Islanders’ conceptions of the fisheries; and (2) how the existing regime excludes and renders silent Islander priorities. Our findings extend to indigenous-state relations in other state-managed fisheries. We believe our proposed conceptual framework can be useful in unveiling power relations that constrain indigenous rights and in identifying transformation options. We conclude that a sea change in conventional fisheries governance arrangements is needed to respond to new imperatives and expectations around indigenous fishing rights and interests.
      PubDate: 2022-04-23
       
  • Clinker, sailor, fisher, why' The necessity of sustained demand for
           safeguarding clinker craft intangible cultural heritage

    • Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the maintenance of the knowledge and practice of Nordic clinker boat building in the setting of coastal Denmark, characterized as a form of intangible cultural heritage (ICH). We explore the ‘working’ dimension of these boats as small-scale fishing vessels and the risks to this ICH as expressed in various policy, social, and economic domains. The paper centres around a working boatyard on the west coast of North Jutland, incorporating perspectives from a network of wooden boat builders, and those working in coastal and maritime cultural heritage in Denmark and the wider Nordic region. Threats to the continuation of the heritage in its ‘working’ form are explored using responses from semi-structured interviews, as well as documents related to the pan-Nordic application for the inscription of Nordic Clinker Boat Traditions on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The case highlights the challenges specific to ‘boatbuilding for industry’ as a form of ICH and opens a discussion on which actors and institutions ought to be responsible for safeguarding, maintaining and cultivating its practice and renewal.
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
       
  • Building planning spaces for the integration of coastal and maritime
           cultural heritage in local and regional spatial development

    • Abstract: Abstract Coastal and maritime cultural heritage (CMCH) is a relative newcomer on spatial development policy agendas and in spatial planning activities. Cultural heritage (CH) may assist in reconstructing place narratives and identities in local and regional strategies and plans, and it may create stronger place attractiveness for outsiders. This article explores the challenges and opportunities of integrating CMCH aspects in spatial development and planning activities at local and regional levels. It specifically investigates contemporary attempts at building planning and governance spaces concerned with CMCH, based on case studies in Scotland, France, Northern Ireland, and Denmark. Emphasis is on mandatory as well as non-mandatory spatial policy and planning activities for a more sustainable and resilient coastal development. The cases show how attempts at building planning spaces concerned with both CH and CMCH have sometimes led to, or contributed to, new types of planning collaborations and products, facilitated changes in existing ones, or illuminated a lack of community involvement to be dealt with in next generation planning. Together, the cases illustrate the importance and challenges of enabling a more place-sensitive planning and of ‘finding the right planning space’ for CH integration.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
       
  • Shored curfews: Constructions of pandemic islandness in contemporary Sri
           Lanka

    • Abstract: Abstract This paper explores COVID-19 pandemic biopolitics in Sri Lanka through tropes of “islanding” and segregation by discussing how notions of island isolation, insularity, and geo-spatial boundedness have been transformed from their colonial origins to our post-colonial present, and in the wake of wartime governance. We engage with interlocking notions of the “pandemic island” and the “islanding” of a zoonotic virus with which to broaden relational thinking on local pandemic realities. We argue that the pandemic has tacitly shaped imaginaries of oceanic “islandness” in contemporary times by focusing on five interrelated island(ed) tropes in the humanities and interpretive social sciences against the context of the pandemic. These include the carceral (fortressed) island, the utopic island, the “urban” island, the illicit island, and the mythologised (cursed) island. This paper further contributes toward an understanding of contemporary islands and island imaginaries, an understudied dimension of pandemic-related land-sea sociality.
      PubDate: 2022-03-10
       
  • Neo-liberal or not' Creeping enclosures and openings in the making of
           fisheries governance

    • Abstract: Abstract Neo-liberalism can mean different things from different perspectives. Social scientists tend to use the concept to identify and critique trends of privatization, marketization, commodification and enclosures, and their associated slew of exclusionary, dispossessive, and regressive effects. Counterintuitively, governmentality analyses identify how practices of collaboration, inclusion, participation, and empowerment—practices sometimes cited as means to resist and generate alternatives to neo-liberalism—are not only consistent with neo-liberal governing but also central to its functioning. This paper engages a biopolitics and governmentality analytical perspective to examine different kinds of fisheries policies in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL), Canada, where the historic cod collapse created a laboratory for examining social-ecological effects of capitalist overexploitation, resource mismanagement, and knowledge system blind spots. The case is useful because it includes, on the one hand, practices traditionally seen as reinforcing neo-liberal governance, such as property making, resource management access rationalization, and global eco-labels, and, on the other hand, practices where linkages to neo-liberalism require more critical assessment, such as fisher-influenced professionalization policies, license collaboration/consolidation initiatives, and producer-oriented eco-labels. Drawing on a governmentality perspective, this paper examines how governance change in NL fisheries is driven not by a single regulatory logic but, rather, by diverse “technologies of government” and “technologies of agency.” Diverse technologies of agency, with varying degrees of links to neo-liberalism, facilitate “creeping” enclosures and openings for fish harvesters in NL fisheries. The paper finds that multi-faceted social protection and coastal community-oriented rationalities of fisher groups are key explanatory variables in shaping practices for and against neo-liberal governance, suggesting that the relationship of diverse neo-liberal, moral economy and hybrid governmentalities to lived experiences requires more empirical and theoretical attention.
      PubDate: 2022-03-03
       
  • How the socio-cultural practices of fishing obscure micro-disciplinary,
           

    • Abstract: Abstract In recent decades, part of the UK fishing industry has become increasingly reliant on migrant crew, to fill local crew shortages. With restricted immigration status and invisibility on vessels out at sea, crews are vulnerable to both extreme and mundane forms of control and exploitation. Although the UK is legally addressing the potential for trafficking and forced labour across the fishing industry, more needs to be done to address the potential for micro-disciplinary, psychological, and verbal abuse of non-European Economic Area (non-EEA) crew which remains difficult to evidence. This requires recognition of how non-EEA migrant fishers are made vulnerable by the intersection of socio-cultural practices of fishing with a visa system that anchors immigration status to named vessels, limits movements, and makes changing employers or raising complaints difficult. Taking the 2020 prosecution of a Scottish skipper for abusing Filipino crew as a discursive starting point, we explore how differences in local interpretation of fishing relationships, by skippers and non-EEA crew, reveal limited agreement over what constitutes acceptable behaviour. Drawing on fieldwork in North East Scotland, we argue that the white noise of coarse language, ‘alpha male’ behaviours, and narratives of risk and responsibility that dominate local fishing practice, when combined with scant appreciation of how non-EEA migrant experiences differ from other crew, can serve to obscure migrant crew’s experiences of maltreatment. Greater attention is consequently required to vernacularise migrant crew rights, by making them locally meaningful so that both skippers and crew adequately recognise their responsibility to safeguard non-EEA crew.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
       
  • The challenges of legitimacy for Southern Environmental Certifications in
           small-scale fisheries: evidence from the Chakay collective brand in
           Quintana Roo, Mexico

    • Abstract: Abstract The present article analyzes the process of the construction of legitimacy of the Chakay Collective Brand (Marca Colectiva Chakay) that developed in the spiny lobster fisheries in the Sian Ka’an and Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserves, in Quintana Roo, Mexico. The information obtained from 64 interviews with members of the six cooperatives that operate in the study area revealed how the Mexican civil association that promoted this certification initiative placed its own economic interests above conservationist arguments, and how its actions generated problems by (i) excluding diverse local fishers from the design and instrumentation of the certification, and (ii) producing unequal economic benefits for the organizations and localities where this activity is practiced. The study demonstrates that fishing certifications proposed from the Global South (Southern Certifications) can reproduce problems of legitimacy similar to those that conventional certifications (pragmatic legitimacy) confront, with scant benefits for small-scale, artisanal fisheries in developing countries. We conclude that constructing moral (i.e., a balance between strong and weak networks) and cognitive (i.e., sociocultural proximity) legitimacy is crucial for instrumenting certifications that will be more effective in attending to the socioeconomic and environmental challenges of fishing in specific territorial contexts.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
       
  • Beyond rules and regulations: understanding the cultural and social
           significance of beach seine fishery on Lake Tanganyika, Tanzania

    • Abstract: Abstract In an effort to restore fisheries health, the Tanzanian Government implemented policies that make the use of beach seines illegal. However, these efforts have been largely unsuccessful and there is a lack of understanding about the various factors that have led to this ineffective outcome. In this study, we use qualitative data to explore the social and cultural meanings that fishing community members attach to the fishery, with an emphasis on beach seines. Findings from this study demonstrate that the meanings held by fishermen about beach seine fishery and the associated social capital networks have been influential in shaping resistance to the existing rules and regulations. We conclude that fisheries policy and managers need to go beyond measures of ecological sustainability and economic indicators to also consider the social and cultural meanings and structures that people hold around their fishing gears and practices. These must then be represented and acknowledged in the policy process, engaging local communities in the creation of future policy and management actions that give voice to the local fishing communities.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
       
  • Ecolabeled seafood and sustainable consumption in the Canadian context:
           issues and insights from a survey of seafood consumers

    • Abstract: Abstract The concept of sustainable consumption is a much debated practice that has been seen as an outcome of the emergence of ecological citizenship—a concept that brings together the citizen and the environment in a framework that is underlined by social justice considerations and incorporates a vision of citizenship that involves both the private sphere and the public sphere of human activity. This study examines Canadian consumer awareness and uptake of certified sustainable seafood. We introduce the concepts ecological citizenship and sustainable consumption as a way of framing our research. Seafood ecolabels may be a valuable tool in translating general environmental concern about the marine environment into more sustainable fisheries practices. We conducted an on-site consumer survey in the Greater Toronto Area and a nearby city. Our findings showed that in contrast to high levels of awareness of the importance of the marine environment and the sustainability of seafood, consumers had a limited understanding about the meaning of sustainability in the case of seafood, and little knowledge about actual ecolabels found in the Canadian marketplace. Attitudes towards the marine environment and sustainable seafood, understanding of the meaning of seafood sustainability, and purchasing behaviors of sustainable seafood were significantly different by some socio-demographic characteristics. Positive attitudes towards the marine environment and sustainable seafood and better understanding of seafood sustainability were significantly associated with the increased purchasing of ecolabeled seafood. Lack of understanding of ecolabels, limited information about product sustainability, and lack of in-store guidance were identified as key barriers to purchasing ecolabeled seafood products.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
       
  • Making space for plural ontologies in fisheries governance: Ireland’s
           disobedient offshore islands

    • Abstract: Abstract This paper contributes to the growing body of literature that engages with ontological scholarship on fisheries management and governance, and more generally, to debates on environmental governance. It argues that fisheries governance is an ontological challenge that raises questions of culture, equity, legitimacy and inclusion/exclusion, requiring more context-sensitive and politically aware fisheries governance approaches. By engaging with the concept of political ontology, and drawing from empirical research carried out in Ireland’s offshore islands, five ontological assumptions are identified that underpin Irish fisheries governance and management policies and practices and categorised as social-historical, ecological, geographical, technocratic and markets-driven. Articulating and examining these assumptions provide insights into why policy objectives aimed at supporting small-scale fisheries and their communities may, in practice, not be effective when they are operationalised within a governance paradigm designed around the realities of large-scale, full-time, highly mobile and more economically productive operators. Despite the efforts of ontologically disobedient islanders, the enactment of these ontological assumptions into the dominant world of fisheries governance inhibits the emergence of possible worlds that would enact Irish island inshore fisheries through island logics. The paper concludes that the squeeze on Ireland’s island inshore fishers is not simply spatial, it is ontological. A dominant fisheries ontology has been created by the interplay of ontological assumptions. This dominant ontology undermines the State’s critical policy to maintain and manage Irish fisheries as a public resource in order to avoid the concentration of fishing opportunities into the hands of large and powerful fishing interests.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
       
  • The Brexit deal and UK fisheries—has reality matched the
           rhetoric'

    • Abstract: Abstract Fisheries management has been a strongly contested aspect of the UK’s position in the EU since UK accession, with the fishing industry frequently questioning both the efficacy and fairness of arrangements. During the campaign for UK exit (Brexit) from the EU, and the subsequent negotiations of a new legal and political relationship from 2016 to 2020, senior UK political leaders strongly committed to deliver radically changed fisheries arrangements with respect to the three central issues: regulatory autonomy; access to waters; and quota shares, all while maintaining minimal trade impacts. The Trade and Cooperation Agreement diverges from this Brexit rhetoric. While some regulatory independence has been achieved, UK fisheries management continues in a state of interdependence and significant EU access to UK waters remains, even in the 6–12 nautical mile territorial waters. While the UK gained an increase in quota shares which is estimated to reach 107 thousand tonnes of landed weight annually by 2025 (an increase of 21.3% for quota species and 16.9% for all species, or 17.8% and 12.4% by value), this pales in comparison to the UK Government’s stated ambitions for zonal attachment (achieving 68% by weight and by value - a potential shortfall of 229,000 tonnes / £281 million). This modest change explains the negative reaction of the fishing industry and claims of betrayal in the face of the UK Government’s announcement of a “successful” deal. The stark delivery gap between rhetoric and reality means the UK government faces a challenging start to managing fisheries outside of the Common Fisheries Policy.
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
       
  • Correction to: Assessing COVID-19’s “known unknowns”: potential
           impacts on marine plastic pollution and fishing in the South China Sea

    • PubDate: 2022-01-21
       
  • Proximity politics in changing oceans

    • Abstract: Abstract How will ocean governance actors and institutions handle a future where the abundance and spatial distribution of marine life changes rapidly and variably' The answer, this paper argues, will be influenced by inherited and changing ocean proximity politics, whereby institutions and actors use spatial proximity or adjacency to legitimize particular forms of resource control, conservation and use. Focusing on United Nations and Canadian institutional contexts and recognizing state and non-state actors as agents of policy change, the paper documents and examines why and how spatial proximity has been invoked (i) as a principle for claiming, defining and implementing use rights, privileges and responsibilities for not just nation-states but also for other entities such as coastal communities and small-scale fisheries; (ii) to justify and legitimize rights, privileges and responsibilities for their interest and benefit; and (iii) to inform and challenge global and local discussions about principles such as conservation, sustainability and distributive equity. The future practical use of spatial closeness/distance for guiding policies of access and exclusion under conditions of change will likely be influenced by challenges associated with applying multiple and conflicting governance principles, accommodating diverse interests and interpretations of principle definition and application, and multiple forms of biophysical and social mobilities. The conclusion highlights four areas of further research and policy engagement for the study of ocean proximity politics.
      PubDate: 2021-12-22
       
  • A study on community expectation for cooperative behaviour among locals
           and migrants: a case study of an Okinawan village, Japan

    • Abstract: Abstract Despite the increasing need for local and migrant populations to cooperate in natural resource governance, little attention has been paid to community contexts that influence individual cooperative behavioural choices among them. The present study demonstrates this influence through quantitative and qualitative data obtained in Shiraho village, Okinawa, Japan. Externalised cooperative behaviour was significantly different between locals and migrants, and the residents’ location in the social network was related to the level of cooperation, even though they had similar individual cooperative preferences. We find that people with dense social ties participate in community cooperation more than others, and that residents practise their cooperative behaviour in a way that fits community expectations: which was influenced by age and birth origin. Understanding the social context that guides individual behaviour for natural resource governance in a time when residential fluidity may keep increasing has relevance to other communities.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
       
 
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