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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
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Journal of Language and Social Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.679
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 19  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0261-927X - ISSN (Online) 1552-6526
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1175 journals]
  • The Language of Adolescents in Depicting Migrants

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      Authors: Flavia Albarello, Elisabetta Crocetti, Francesca Golfieri, Monica Rubini
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      This study (N = 161 Italian adolescents attending 11th and 12th grade of secondary school) investigated how adolescents linguistically portray migrants. Over a year and a half, the study considered whether positive factors known to reduce social discrimination – i.e., multiple categorization of migrants and/or respondent's identification with the human group – are associated with relatively unbiased linguistic descriptions of migrants. The coding system included three categories of terms referring to the outgroup: generalized/categorical definitions, individuating piecemeal information or membership in the human group. We found that adolescents who used multiple categorizations to describe migrants and self-identified with the human group (at T1) linguistically described migrants in human and individuating terms (at T2) to a higher extent. The findings are discussed underlying the implications of defining the self and outgroups in multiple complex ways through language, as an ecological means used by adolescents to communicate their views of others.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-11-17T06:25:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221139882
       
  • A Cognitive Look at the “Invisibility” of Older Gay Men Within the
           Categories ‘Gay Man’ and ‘Elderly Man’

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      Authors: Rosandra Coladonato, Andrea Carnaghi, Mary Ann Ciosk, Mauro Bianchi, Valentina Piccoli
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Two studies analyzed whether, at the cognitive level, ‘Elderly gay man’ is “invisible” both when processing the labels ‘Gay man’ and ‘Elderly man’. We suggest that ‘Gay man’ is conflated with ‘Young man’, and that ‘Elderly man’ is conflated with ‘Heterosexual man’. Contact with elderly gay men did not alter the perception of ‘Gay man’ as prevalently young but weakened the perception of ‘Elderly man’ as heterosexual by default.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-11-08T06:45:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221137581
       
  • Younger Supervisors’ Perceptions of Intergenerational Communication in
           the Sri Lankan Workplace

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      Authors: Grace Ashna Jeevaratnam, Elizabeth Jones
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Workplaces are increasingly seeing younger supervisors supervise older subordinates, reversing traditional norms. Using Communication Accommodation Theory, we investigated younger supervisors’ perceptions of communication with same-aged and older subordinates in Sri Lanka. Eighty young supervisors rated four vignettes describing formal and informal interactions with same-aged and older subordinates. Participants rated older subordinates’ communication as less accommodative and more nonaccommodative than same-aged subordinates, particularly in formal interactions. They rated their own communication as more polite and respectful with older than same-aged subordinates.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-10-31T06:34:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221128991
       
  • Deceptive (De)humanization: How Lying About Perceived Outgroups is
           Revealed in Language

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      Authors: David M. Markowitz
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      This paper introduces the concept of deceptive (de)humanization, the internal belief that an outgroup is less-than-human while dishonestly acknowledging aspects of their humanity for impression management purposes. In a large online experiment (N = 1,169), participants wrote about their false or truthful opinions on an outgroup they perceived as more evolved or less evolved. Following several automated text analyses, the data indicated psychological differences in attention through word patterns. Consistent with prior work, deceptive texts contained fewer self-references and more negative emotion terms than truthful texts, and dehumanizers used more negative emotions than humanizers. New evidence suggests those who wrote deceptively about evolved groups focused the most on negative emotions compared to other participants. This work extends deception and dehumanization theory by investigating how such psychological constructs interact, and how they are reflected linguistically as communicators attempt to manage impressions and maintain a positive self-image.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-08-03T04:21:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221117497
       
  • Psycholinguistic Properties of Informational Support Seeking Posts in
           Online Health Communities and Predictors of Community Responsiveness

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      Authors: Stephen A. Rains, Shelby N. Carter
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Although informational support can be a valuable resource for coping with illness, our understanding of how it is solicited remains incomplete. We examine the language properties of more than 20,000 posts made to an online health community to better understand the perspective of people seeking informational support and identify properties that predict community responsiveness. Compared to posts in which informational support was not requested, posts soliciting informational support were more likely to use language reflecting efforts to make meaning from uncertainty related to a poster's ongoing illness experience. Among posts in which informational support was solicited, posts that discussed life-with-illness and used language indicating specific negative emotions like anger, anxiety, and sadness yielded a greater number of responses from online community members.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-07-25T11:47:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221115443
       
  • Mapping Linguistic Shifts During Psychological Coping With the COVID-19
           Pandemic

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      Authors: Xun Zhu
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      How does language change reveal the psychological trajectories of people coping with a COVID-19 infection' This study examined writings on social media over 12 weeks from people who self-reported having tested positive for COVID-19. People used fewer words reflecting anxiety and distancing but more words indicating reinterpretation over time. The language patterns for describing the experience of COVID-19 infections differed from those for describing other unrelated topics. The findings reveal the temporal dynamics of psychological adjustment to an unfolding crisis.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-07-22T06:44:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221116335
       
  • Shaping Attributions of Crisis Responsibility in the Case of an
           Accusation: The Role of Active and Passive Voice in Crisis Response
           Strategies

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      Authors: Gijs Fannes, An-Sofie Claeys
      First page: 3
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      This study examines how both the content (i.e., denial vs. apology) and the verb voice (i.e., active voice vs. passive voice) of a crisis response affect the public's perception of crisis responsibility and, subsequently, the reputation of an organization accused of wrongdoing. The results of two experiments first show that an apology results in higher responsibility attributions than denial, which, in turn, adversely affects an organization's reputation. When we consider the verb voice of the message, a crisis response that is constructed in the passive voice reduces responsibility perceptions more than the active voice, leading to less reputational damage. An interaction effect shows, however, that this result only holds true for a passive denial strategy and not for apologies. As such, when an organization needs to deny an accusation, it seems wise to construct the message in the passive voice in order to strengthen the denial and effectively protect the organizational reputation.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-06-17T06:09:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221108120
       
  • Implications of Older Adults’ Attributions for Young Adults’ Attitudes
           to Aging: A Vignette Study

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      Authors: Craig Fowler, Quinten Bernhold
      First page: 31
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      The present study was grounded in the revised communicative ecology model of successful aging (CEMSA) and examined whether brief, passing remarks made by older adults about aging influence both young adults’ aging efficacy and their expectations regarding aging. Young adult participants (n = 322) were randomly assigned to read a single vignette. In the vignette an older adult invoked either a negative age-based reason, a non-age-based reason, or a positive age-based reason to account for behavior that could be taken to reflect age-related stereotypes pertaining to physical decline, cognitive decline, or aversion to technology. Analyzes revealed that participants who read the positive age-based accounts perceived the aging process to have been portrayed more favorably. Consequently, they reported higher levels of positive affect about aging which translated into their feeling more efficacious about managing their own aging, and into having more positive expectations regarding aging in general.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-06-03T08:06:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221105096
       
  • A BERT's Eye View: A Big Data Framework for Assessing Language Convergence
           and Accommodation

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      Authors: Zachary P Rosen
      First page: 60
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      The current paper details a novel quantitative framework leveraging recent advances in AI and Natural Language Processing to quantitatively assess language convergence and accommodation. This new framework is computationally cheap and straightforward to implement. The framework is then applied to a case study of immigration rhetoric in the lead up to the 2016 general election in the USA. Major results from the case study show that (1) Democrats and Republicans exhibited significant language convergence with members of their own parties, (2) President Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton converged with Senate Democrats’ immigration rhetoric, (3) Democrats accommodated the immigration rhetoric of both President Barack Obama and (candidate) Hillary Clinton, (4) contrary to initial hypotheses, Donald Trump's vitriolic immigration rhetoric did not show signs of language convergence with Republicans in the Senate, and (5) equally surprising, Senate Republicans showed significant non-accommodation to Donald Trump despite potential political costs for having done so.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-05-10T06:27:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221095865
       
  • How Fair is Gender-Fair Language' Insights from Gender Ratio
           Estimations in French

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      Authors: Hualin Xiao, Brent Strickland, Sharon Peperkamp
      First page: 82
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Heated societal debates in various countries concern the use of gender-fair language, meant to replace the generic use of grammatically masculine forms. Advocates and opponents of gender-fair language disagree on – among other things – the question of whether masculine forms leave women underrepresented in people's minds. We investigated the influence of linguistic form on the mental representations of gender in French. Participants read a short text about a professional gathering and estimated the percentages of men and women present at the gathering. Results showed higher estimates of the percentage of women in response to two gender-fair forms relative to the masculine form. Comparisons with normed data on people's perception of real-world gender ratios additionally showed that the gender-fair forms removed or reduced a male bias for neutral- and female-stereotyped professions, respectively, yet induced a female bias for male-stereotyped professions. Thus, gender-fair language increases the prominence of women in the mind, but has varying effects on consistency, i.e., the match with default perceptions of real-world gender ratios.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-03-02T05:13:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221084643
       
  • Effects of Task Performance Expectancy Violations on Processing Fluency
           and Speaker Evaluations

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      Authors: Marko Dragojevic, Jessica Gasiorek
      First page: 107
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      We examined how task performance expectancy violations influence speaker evaluations. Americans listened to a Japanese-accented speaker reading a story; completed a memory test on the story's content; indicated their expected performance on the test; and then received positive, negative, or no performance feedback. Positive feedback positively violated listeners’ performance expectancies and elicited higher fluency, a more positive affective reaction, and more positive speaker evaluations, compared to no feedback. Fluency and affect mediated the effect of positive feedback on speaker evaluations.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-06-30T06:21:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221111574
       
  • Who Does Discriminate Against gay-Sounding Speakers' The Role of
           Prejudice on Voice-Based Hiring Decisions in Brazil

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      Authors: Ana Beatriz Gomes Fontenele, Luana Elayne Cunha de Souza, Fabio Fasoli
      First page: 119
      Abstract: Journal of Language and Social Psychology, Ahead of Print.
      Vocal cues are used to categorize speakers’ sexual orientation. Hearing a gay-sounding speaker can elicit discrimination. This study investigated whether gay-sounding speakers were discriminated against when applying for a job in Brazil and whether prejudice moderated such an effect. Heterosexual participants listened to a gay- or heterosexual-sounding applicant, rating him in terms of personality traits and employability. The results showed that gay-sounding candidates were discriminated against compared to heterosexual-sounding candidates, but this was true only among highly prejudiced participants.
      Citation: Journal of Language and Social Psychology
      PubDate: 2022-07-01T06:42:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0261927X221077243
       
 
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