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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 313)
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 171)
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 143)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 134)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Violence and Victims     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
British Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
The Milbank Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Family Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Critical and Radical Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Housing Policy Debate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Social Work & Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Public Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Work Education: The International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Rural Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Forensic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Social Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Service social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Work With Groups     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Global Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Third World Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Social Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ACOSS Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Comparative Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Third Sector Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Youth Studies Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sociedade e Estado     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Rights and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social Work and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
HOLISTICA ? Journal of Business and Public Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Groupwork     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Specialists in Group Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Islamic Counseling : Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam     Open Access  
Tidsskriftet Norges Barnevern     Full-text available via subscription  
Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for omsorgsforskning     Open Access  
Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research     Open Access  
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Revista Serviço Social em Perspectiva     Open Access  
ConCienciaSocial     Open Access  
Bakti Budaya     Open Access  
Voces desde el Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Janus Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti     Open Access  
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Leidfaden : Fachmagazin für Krisen, Leid, Trauer     Hybrid Journal  
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Prospectiva : Revista de Trabajo Social e Intervención Social     Open Access  
International Journal of Care and Caring     Hybrid Journal  
Volunteer Management Report     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Work / Maatskaplike Werk     Open Access  
Argumentum     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
Trabajo Social Global - Global Social Work     Open Access  
Journal of Danubian Studies and Research     Open Access  
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
unsere jugend     Full-text available via subscription  
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Developmental Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal  
Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri     Open Access  
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Soziale Passagen     Hybrid Journal  
Tempo Social     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Family Issues
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.86
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 21  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0192-513X - ISSN (Online) 1552-5481
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Influences on Fathers’ Information- and Support-Seeking for
           Parenting

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Catherine Wade, Jan Matthews, Faye Forbes, Mathew Burn, Fiona May, Warren Cann
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The study aimed to document the preferences of fathers in accessing and using parenting supports and to investigate the influence of a range of family contextual factors including paternal mental health, child disability, the co-parenting relationship and parenting sense of efficacy on fathers’ help-seeking. Participants included a representative sample of 1,044 fathers of zero- to 18-year-olds. Results suggest that most fathers feel supported in their parenting role and rely on their own efforts (e.g. online searches) for information to support their parenting in preference to in-person interactions with professionals or attendance at groups. The co-parenting relationship and paternal mental health were also identified as important factors impacting on paternal help-seeking behaviours. These results from one of the largest surveys of fathers of its kind provide credible insights into the parenting help-seeking experiences and support needs of fathers, with clear implications for policy makers and service providers.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-22T11:44:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221107450
       
  • Taking Care of Elderly Parents or Children: How They are Related to the
           Decision to Hire Foreign Domestic Helper'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Kumiko Shibuya, Eric Fong
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Hiring foreign domestic helpers has been seen as a policy to release females from household responsibilities so they can join the labor market. Surprisingly, few studies explore the relative importance of needs to taking care children and elderly. Employing the 2016 Hong Kong census, we found that the number of elderly persons and the number of young children in the household are positively associated with the decision to hire foreign domestic helpers. Our analysis also demonstrates that members are more likely to choose to work and outsource the care of young children to foreign domestic helpers. However, the findings show that households are more likely to take care of elderly without helpers even when household members are employed. Household members may co-ordinate and allocate time to take care of their elderly instead of outsourcing the care to a foreign domestic helper.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-19T02:17:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221126772
       
  • Marital Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction Among Ghanaians

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Esther K. Malm, Mabel Oti-Boadi, Nana Ama Adom-Boakye, Aba Andah
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study examined factors associated with marital satisfaction/dissatisfaction among Ghanaian couples living in Ghana and abroad. Using a correlational design, data from a convenience sample of 231 married participants from Ghana and abroad were collected via an online survey. Results from regression analyses revealed that four positive behaviors—affection, companionship, commitment to the family, and financial support—and one negative behavior, beatings/slaps, were significantly associated with marital satisfaction. Three negative behaviors—annoying habits, selfishness, and disrespect—were significantly associated with marital dissatisfaction. Participants in Ghana reported significantly higher rates of beatings in marriage compared to those abroad. Also, negative behaviors experienced in marriage were significantly associated with less secure and more anxious attachment styles. Finally, slaps/beatings as associated with marital satisfaction show unique cultural/sub-cultural interpretations of behaviors. Findings contribute to growing studies and clinical practice that serve multicultural individuals and families.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-17T07:08:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221126752
       
  • Grandparenting and Well-Being of the Elderly in China

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Qi Luo, Jan Fidrmuc, Hao Wang
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Grandparenting duties can affect the well-being of the elderly both positively and negatively. This paper disentangles the interactions between grandparenting, quality of life, and life satisfaction in China. Using a panel dataset of 3205 respondents in three waves of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2011, 2013, and 2015, we find that grandparents who look after grandchildren are less at risk of depression, receive more financial and in-kind transfers from their children, and report greater life satisfaction than grandparents who do not look after grandchildren. These benefits vary across gender and rural-urban status, however. The positive effect of grandparenting is driven mainly by the direct effect with negligible mediating effect attributable to better quality of life.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-17T06:47:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221127024
       
  • Work and Family Balance in Chilean Young People’s Life Plans

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Verónica Gómez-Urrutia, Andrés Jiménez Figueroa, Nicole Díaz, Fernanda Valladares
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The distribution of paid work and family responsibilities along gender lines is an important source of gender inequality, even in younger generations. Young people declare to embrace egalitarian work-family conciliation ideals, but, in practice, women still assume the bulk of domestic and carework. This study advances work-family research by shedding light on the institutional and contextual factors that influence young people’s decisions in this domain.MethodThe study uses a qualitative approach; 75 individuals aged 18–30 were interviewed using semi-structured and structured (vignettes) open-ended questions. Theoretical sampling was used, using sex and educational level as the main criteria. Thematic coding was used to analyze the material.ResultsYoung people favor egalitarian work-family arrangements as ideals; however, the constraints imposed by institutional contexts and unequal employment opportunities make individuals more likely to prefer traditional arrangements when faced with decisions about how they expect to make employment and caring responsibilities compatible.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-17T06:23:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221127022
       
  • Parenting Immigrants: Understanding How Family Relationships Impact the
           

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Siyao Gao, Karine Dupre, Caryl Bosman
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Immigration brings particular challenges to older Chinese immigrants’ wellbeing because they make a new home in a foreign country. Based on 30 semi-structured in-depth interviews, this study aims to understand the immigration history of this specific group and unravel the complex links between family relationships and wellbeing. Four themes emerged from the interviews. First, the decision to immigrate is the result of the combined influence of family values, affinities and the need for aged care. Second, after immigration, housework normally negatively influences their wellbeing. The third theme pertains to the interactions amongst family members. The final theme shows that Chinese immigrants’ perceived wellbeing is influenced by family relationships, an independent lifestyle and social networks. This research highlights older Chinese immigrants’ complex feelings of family commitment, personal values and the need for aged care. Practical implications for policymakers to better facilitate this group’s wellbeing are provided.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-17T06:18:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221126750
       
  • Quality and Quantity of Grandparent Contact: Associations with Late
           Adolescents’ Psychological Adjustment

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Laura D. Pittman, Christine R. Brendle, Micah Ioffe
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study explored how grandparents influence their late adolescent grandchildren’s psychological adjustment. Late adolescent participants (N = 474, 60% female, 63% Caucasian) reported their current relationship quality and degree of contact during elementary school for each living grandparent. Hierarchical linear regressions, controlling for demographic characteristics and parental acceptance, found that grandparent relationship quality, but not grandparent contact, was linked to multiple late adolescent outcomes (e.g., depressive symptoms, self-worth, perceived competence in close friendships, and romantic relationships). Significant associations examining both maternal grandmother and paternal grandfather relationship quality were supported, but fewer associations were found for maternal grandfathers and paternal grandmothers. Moderation analyses found more contact during childhood strengthened some of the positive associations between grandparent relationship quality and grandchildren’s self-worth and perceived competence in close friendships. The need for more research examining how specific grandparent factors are linked to grandchildren’s outcomes across developmental periods and contexts is discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-15T07:08:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221127021
       
  • How Do Employers Respond to a Policy Reform of Parental Leave' A Focus
           on Fathers and Companies From Economy Sectors With Traditionally Lower
           Take-Up Rates

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Anissa Amjahad, Marie Valentova, Roland Maas
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The paper explores the perceptions and management practices regarding parental leave among a specific group of employers: those likely to have low parental leave take-up among staff. We conducted qualitative interviews with employers in 18 Luxembourg-based companies of sizes and economy sectors where low take-up is most prevalent. We explored how leave requests, employees’ absences and their return after parental leave are managed and how employers deal with the recent reform of parental leave policy. The results show that employers try to minimize the cost of fathers’ absence from work by negotiating over the timing of take-up and the form of leave to be taken. Parental leave is preferred over other work–life balance measures because it is perceived as a short-term and timely arrangement during a career. In this particular group of employers, parental leave is also viewed as more compatible with work and organization processes than other measures.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-15T06:59:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221126751
       
  • Targeted Fathers’ Beliefs in a Just World

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Fuat Torun, Sebahat Dilek Torun, Mandy Matthewson
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study compares targeted fathers’ beliefs in a just world with the beliefs of fathers who were divorced but not alienated from their children. Forty-two targeted fathers and 38 non-targeted fathers completed an online survey consisting of sociodemographic questions, the General Belief in a Just World Scale and Personal Belief in a Just World Scale. Targeted fathers reported lower beliefs in a just world than non-targeted fathers. Targeted fathers who reported that mental health and legal professionals have sufficient knowledge of parental alienation had higher belief in a just world scores than targeted parents who believed professionals have insufficient knowledge.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-14T07:44:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221126749
       
  • Parental Alienating Behaviours Experienced by Alienated Grandparents

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Olivia Bounds, Mandy Matthewson
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study explored parental alienating behaviours experienced by grandparents with limited or no contact with their grandchildren. Twelve alienated grandparents participated in semi-structured interviews investigating their experience of alienation. The data were analysed using an inductive thematic analysis approach. Alienated grandparents reported being exposed to 13 parental alienating behaviours used by the alienating parent. These behaviours are consistent with those reported by targeted parents and adult alienated children in other studies. This study showed that parental alienating behaviours also affects grandparent-child relationships. Further research is needed to better understand the impact of parental alienation on grandparents and the wider family system.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-09T02:41:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221126753
       
  • The Influence of Parental Education on First Marriages in China: The Role
           of Childhood Family Background

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Manyu Lan, Yaoqiu Kuang
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      China has implemented the universal two-child policy to promote fertility whereas the trends of later marriage and childbearing still prevail. The marriage timing of young adults has received considerable attention. However, studies tailored to the Chinese context remain limited. Using data from the China Labor-force Dynamic Survey 2016, we established bivariate and multinomial logistic regression discrete-time event-history models to examine the influence of parental educational attainment on their children’s first marriages. Not only the effects of parental education on their children’s likelihood of entry to first marriages and marriage postponement but also changes in these effects by sex, region, and across birth cohorts and the individual life course were analyzed. In general, there was a significantly positive relationship between parents’ educational attainment and the likelihood of their children’s entry into first marriages. However, it couldn’t explain variations about the timing of first marriages or marriage postponement. Analyses of subsamples revealed considerable heterogeneity in the effects of parental educational attainment by sex and region. These findings reveal the influence of childhood family background factors on marriage behaviors and provide a basis for predicting future marriage and childbearing trends in China. This study provides meaningful inputs and a rationale for amending the minimum legal marriageable age and for promoting marriage and births within Chinese marriage law.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-09-07T09:38:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221124265
       
  • Couple Conflict Behavior: Disentangling Associations With Relationship
           Dissatisfaction and Intimate Partner Violence

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Richard E. Heyman, Amy M. Smith Slep, Jill Giresi, Katherine J. W. Baucom
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study investigates associations between (a) relationship satisfaction and intimate partner violence (IPV: psychological, physical, and sexual) and (b) observed couple communication behavior. Mixed-sex couples (N = 291) were recruited via random digit dialing. Partners completed the Quality of Marriage Index (Norton, 1983), the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (Straus et al., 1996), and one female-initiated and one male-initiated 10-min conflict conversations. Discussions were coded with Rapid Marital Interaction Coding System, 2nd Generation (Heyman et al., 2015). As hypothesized, lower satisfaction was associated with more hostility (p =.018) and less positivity (p < .001); more extensive IPV was associated with more hostility (p < .001). For negative reciprocity, there was a dissatisfaction × IPV extent × conversation-initiator interaction (p < .006). Results showed that conflict behaviors of mixed-sex couples are related to the interplay among gender, satisfaction, and the severity of couple-level IPV. Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-08-28T11:17:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221123787
       
  • Perceived Injustice and Psychological Well-Being in Couples Seeking
           Fertility Treatment

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Frédérique Bourget, Sawsane El Amiri, Audrey Brassard, Katherine Péloquin
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Infertility and its treatment are associated with a host of negative emotions, including perceived injustice. However, no quantitative study has examined the link between perceived injustice and psychological difficulties in couples seeking fertility treatment. This study examined the associations between perceived injustice and both partners’ psychological well-being and investigated possible differences in perceived injustice based on sex or cause of infertility. Both partners of 103 couples seeking fertility treatment completed the Injustice Experience Questionnaire—Infertility, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Fertility Quality of Life Tool. Perceived injustice was associated with one’s own and one’s partner’s higher depressive symptoms and lower infertility-related quality of life, as well as one’s own higher anxiety symptoms. Women also perceived more injustice than men. The cause of infertility was unrelated to perceived injustice. Findings suggest that perceived injustice could represent an intervention target to reduce psychological distress in infertile couples.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-08-16T06:52:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221087724
       
  • Parents’ Approaches to Their Children’s Education and Related Issues
           During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Slovak and the Czech Republic

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      Authors: Gabriela Šarníková
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we present the results of the qualitative research and the thematic discourse analysis of discussions of Facebook groups of parents of pupils in Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The aim was to identify how the parents perceived the issue of distance learning during the COVID-2 pandemic and how they approached the problems that they encountered. Parents step into the role of a teacher and of a pupil; they are participants and observers of the educational process and advisors and supporters of their children. They evaluate the educational process from the didactics and the instructive point of view but they lack competencies that belong to teachers. Insufficient digital literacy and lacking equipment in households regarding ICT represent a weak point. Problems linked to the loss of social contacts and isolation are growing in number. Families also struggle with economic and logistics problems.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-07-20T02:44:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221075633
       
  • Quality Time as Focused Time' The Role of Focused Parental Time on the
           Wellbeing of Adolescents

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      Authors: Kitti Kutrovátz, Nikolett Geszler
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      A squeezed feeling of time might influence the quality of parental time and thus parental engagement. Using recent Hungarian quantitative data on representative parent–child dyads (n = 1000) based on subjective estimations and evaluations of parental time, this study aims to grasp the often used notion of quality time. We concentrate on the aspect of focus in parental attention and compare parents’ and adolescents’ perspectives to reveal the impact of the former on teenagers’ subjective wellbeing. Results indicate that quality time matters; in addition, teenagers’ perceptions about focused parental time is a more significant factor in relation to wellbeing than parents’ perceptions, and the latter has a greater impact on life satisfaction than enrichment activities. However, when there is a lack of shared time, enrichment activities might compensate for this shortage. Finally, we propose that class inequalities are further enhanced and reproduced by unequal access to quality time and intensive parenting practices.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-07-14T04:42:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221113857
       
  • Framing Requests for Help: Language and Gender in Parental Advice-Seeking
           Letters

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      Authors: Ralph LaRossa, Donald C. Reitzes, Raeda K. Anderson
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Confirming the importance of language to not just relay thoughts but also construct hierarchies, 251 parental advice-seeking letters written at the dawn of the parent education movement in the 1920s and 1930s were coded with the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count computerized text analysis program. An examination of language use patterns shows how parents framed their requests and how they manifested signs of “doing gender” in the process. The fathers’ and mothers’ letters differed in length, common verb use, negation word use, pronoun use, preposition use, and locus on three summary variables (analytic, authenticity, and clout). They did not differ in the use of words associated with general affect, positive emotion, negative emotion, anger, and anxiety, thus exemplifying how the practice of “doing gender” can be circumstantial. The findings underscore the importance of studying the rhetorical aspects of parental advice-seeking communications and illustrate how language and gender influence these communications.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-07-14T04:31:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221113854
       
  • Survey on the Effects of Work in Covid-19 Clinics on Anxiety-Depression
           and Family-Work Conflicts

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      Authors: Hamide Şişman, Esma Gökçe, Refiye Akpolat, Dudu Alptekin, Derya Gezer, Sevban Arslan
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This research was conducted to examine the effect of working in Covid clinics on anxiety-depression and family-work conflict of healthcare professionals. In a study conducted with 103 health personnel, a positive and significant relationship was found between work-family conflict scale scores and depression and anxiety scale scores (1* = 481, p < .01, 1 = 483, p < .01, respectively). As a result, employees in the Covid-19 clinic are faced with problems such as fear of transmitting the infection to their families, difficulty in carrying the burden of their children, increased levels of anxiety and depression, and social and family life being affected.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T06:38:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221115184
       
  • Do Migrant Parents’ Income or Relationships With Their Left-Behind
           Children Compensate for Their Physical Absence'

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      Authors: Sabika Khalid, Endale Tadesse, Cai Lianyu, Chunhai Gao
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Parental migration from rural to cities in China is causing millions of children to be left behind or to live without parental care, support, and guidance, which violates the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This national phenomenon has consequences for the household registration system, known as the hukou system, which is meant to restrain internal migration. These consequences may result in economic and social imbalances. However, a noticeable number of children have been completely or partially left behind by their parents in villages, and as a result, their relationship with their parents and their academic attainment are weak. In particular, this study examines whether migrant parents can improve the academic performance of their Left-Behind Children (LBC) by strengthening their relationship with their children or by sending adequate remittances to the village household. Astonishingly, the structural equation model (SEM) results indicate that LBCs from both parents migrating households are the more privileged groups, although the study underlines that still, all LBC are disadvantaged compared to non-LBC.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T06:32:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221113853
       
  • Exploring the Facilitators and Barriers to Maintaining Intimate
           Relationships during Covid-19 through Online Photovoice Methodology

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      Authors: Emel Genc, Ahmet Tanhan, Ozlem Kose
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The pandemic has challenged couples and family relationships and resulted in conflict. Albeit the challenges, some positive outcomes on people may have been possibly protecting and repairing their relationships. The current study aimed to explore the potential barriers and facilitators for individuals. Online Photovoice method was applied to 118 individuals, who were in a romantic relationship. Data were analyzed using the Online Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis to identify themes. The findings revealed 16 facilitators and 13 barrier themes. Among those themes, spending more time with the loved ones, finding opportunities to develop spirituality and peace, and using technology to sustain a sense of connectedness, were the most frequently reported facilitators. On the other hand, the most expressed barriers were reported as the Covid-19 restrictions, home confinement, separation from family, and having destructive feelings. Implications for future research and mental health providers are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-07-09T11:59:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221113855
       
  • Predictors of Relationship Satisfaction Across the Transition to
           Parenthood: Results from the Norwegian Mother, Father, and Child Cohort
           Study (MoBa)

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      Authors: Mila Kingsbury, Zahra Clayborne, Wendy Nilsen, Fartein Ask Torvik, Kristin Gustavson, Ian Colman
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of the study was to describe trajectories of relationship satisfaction across the transition to parenthood, and identify predictors of these trajectories. This study is based on the Norwegian Mother, Father, and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Mothers (N = 43,517) reported on their relationship satisfaction at five timepoints from 17 weeks gestation to 5 years postpartum, as well as sociodemographic, psychological, and behavioral covariates. Latent Trajectory Modeling revealed 5 trajectories of relationship satisfaction: “stable very high” (18.05%), “stable high” (43.47%); “stable moderate” (17.21%); “high falling” (3.38%); and “low falling” (4.02%). Predictors of group membership were identified using multinomial logistic regression. Significant predictors included unplanned pregnancy, maternal social support, maternal history of depression, maternal history of abuse, postnatal depression, financial stress, sexual satisfaction, and child negative emotionality. These results may help identify families at risk of declining relationship satisfaction, and aid in targeting interventions aimed at improving satisfaction during this vulnerable transition.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-07-08T01:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221113850
       
  • Vulnerability of Poverty between Male and Female Headed Household in
           Tanzania

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      Authors: Enock Mwakalila
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The study analyzes how the male and female headship of households affects poverty vulnerability in Tanzania. The study uses a sample for the 2017–18 HBS covered the population residing in private households in Tanzania Mainland. A representative probability sample of 9,552 households was selected. Probit regression with instrument variables for the endogenous variable (education) is used for estimation. The results imply that, in general, female-headed households are less likely to face extreme poverty than their male counterparts. The study also reveals that extreme poverty is less likely with the female head when divorced or widowed. Finally, the results imply that extreme poverty varies across different regional zones in the country. Therefore, female in Tanzania can shield their households from extreme poverty.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-07-07T04:14:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221106740
       
  • Self-Perspectives on Marriage Among Arabs With Disabilities Living in
           Israel

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      Authors: Leena Badran, Ayelet Gur, Hira Amin, Michael Ashley Stein
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study aims to examine the subjective perspectives on marriage of Arabs with disabilities living in Israel. Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 15 Arabs in Israel with physical, visual impairment, and mental disorders. Themes were generated using thematic analysis. Two main recursive and intertwined themes emerged: reflections about marriage and the reality of marriage. The real-life situation feeds into social perceptions: when the disabled person sees that people with disabilities hardly marry, this increases self-stigma and the fear of rejection. Similarly, social and personal perceptions exacerbate the situation on the ground. Gender also played a key factor with women with disabilities facing more stigma and negative experiences relative to men with disabilities. The findings call for raising awareness of the marital rights of Arabs with disabilities and combating negative social attitudes towards them as first steps to creating a more accessible and inclusive environment, with particular attention to gender differences.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T01:57:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221107448
       
  • The Racialization of Latino Families

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      Authors: Maxine Baca Zinn, Barbara Wells
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      While racial and demographic changes producing a multiracial United States are well-acknowledged in the family field, insufficient attention is given to Latinos as a racialized population. As the Latino population continues to expand, it is essential for family studies to move beyond a Black/White binary. We call for making race and racialization central building blocks in research and analysis of Latino families. This paper provides an overview of research and thought on the racialization of Latino families, advancing a structural framing to reveal: (1) how race and intersecting inequalities shape families; and (2) how racialization processes use families to sustain and reinforce institutional inequalities. This structural framing encompasses a set of analytic premises for extending the study of family racialization to Latinos, thereby building a more comprehensive racial analysis of U.S. families.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-10T05:24:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221105246
       
  • Non-Standard Employment and Partnership Dissolution: A Comparison of
           Nonmarital Cohabitations and Marriages

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      Authors: Inga Laß
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This paper investigates the link between non-standard employment (NSE) and the risk of partnership dissolution, applying event history analysis to data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey for the period 2001–2016. It moves beyond previous studies by (a) considering a broader range of employment types, including fixed-term and casual contracts, temporary agency work and part-time work, and (b) by comparing the effect of NSE in nonmarital cohabitations and marriages. The results show that the effect differs by employment type, gender and partnership type. For example, among women, part-time work is associated with a decreased dissolution risk compared to full-time work in marriages but not in cohabitations. Temporary employment is linked to increased dissolution risks compared to permanent employment in both partnership types, with the association partly being stronger for casual and/or agency work than for fixed-term contracts.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-09T01:49:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221107452
       
  • ‘It’s Nothing Serious I Suppose’ Family Help-Seeking for
           Adolescent Social Anxiety

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      Authors: Cal Mc Donagh, Eilis Hennessy
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigates how families seek professional supports for adolescent social anxiety. Many adolescents meet diagnostic criteria for social anxiety disorder but do not access professional mental health supports. Access to timely interventions is important because social anxiety has a range of developmental implications and typically persists into adulthood when untreated. Twelve adolescents (aged 14 to 18) who had attended mental health services for support with social anxiety and 13 mothers of such adolescents participated in semi-structured interviews which were analysed thematically. Findings indicated that mothers play an important role in noticing difficulties and initiating help-seeking for their children, although adolescents and their mothers can initially view anxiety as ‘just shyness’ and often seek help for a range of difficulties, including unhappiness, rather than anxiety specifically. Furthermore, many adolescents described experiencing help-seeking as embarrassing or shameful. Implications for facilitating families to access professional supports for adolescents are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T06:08:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221106736
       
  • The Effects of Parents’ and Their Children’s Characteristics on
           Parental Involvement in Sport

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      Authors: Krisztina Kovács, Rita F. Földi, Noémi Gyömbér
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The present study explored factors potentially influencing parental involvement. A total of 1260 parents (Mage = 43.54, SD = 5.10) completed an online form including demographic questions, questions on their children’s sport participation, and three self-report measures (Parental Involvement in Sport Questionnaire (PISQ), Competitive State Anxiety Inventory 2 (CSAI-2), and Perceived Autonomy Support Scale for Exercise Setting (PASSES)). Possible predictors of the four assessed types of parental involvement were tested with hierarchical linear regression models. The significant predictors were the parent’s gender, her/his sporting experience (or the lack thereof), and the child’s current stage of sport participation. Furthermore, significant associations were found between directive parental behavior and state anxiety and between parental praise/understanding and autonomy support, which were independent of the parent’s gender and sporting experience, and of the child’s age and sport injuries. The obtained results expand the existing knowledge of the complexity of parents’ importance in children’s sport career.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T03:05:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221106739
       
  • Educational Difference Between Partners and Wife’s Happiness

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      Authors: Zhongwu Li, Xueliang Feng
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This paper uses the China Family Panel Studies to investigate the relationship between educational difference between partners and wife’s happiness. Employing some econometric models, this paper finds that the status of wife having more education than husband has a negative impact on wife’s happiness. To alleviate the endogeneity of educational difference, this paper uses an instrument variable approach to identify the causal relationship between them, and obtains conclusions consistent with the baseline regression. Heterogeneous analysis shows that for women who are less educated and subject to external traditional cultural norms, the negative happiness effect of wife having more education than husband is particularly significant. While greatly influenced by traditional cultural norms, these women are not only unwilling but also afraid to deviate from the role orientation of women in the existing social norms. Therefore, once women transcend the traditional norms to have more education than their husbands, their happiness will be reduced.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T03:01:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221106731
       
  • Consequences of Work-to-Family Conflicts for Parental Self-Efficacy—The
           Impact of Gender and Cultural Background in Germany

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      Authors: Ayhan Adams, Katrin Golsch
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The central theoretical assumption is that work-to-family conflicts are having a direct impact on parental self-efficacy, and thus, play an important role within the parent-child relationship. This study examines relationships between work-family conflicts and parental self-efficacy, taking into account two potential moderators: gender and cultural differences between East and West Germany. We analyze data on 1746 employed mothers and fathers from three waves of the Pairfam study (2013, 2015, 2017), using cross-lagged panel models. The findings suggest that gender and cultural background moderate the relationship between work-family conflicts and parental self-efficacy, provided that the risk of reverse causality bias is not ignored. The findings show that work-to-family conflicts are associated with lower levels of parental self-efficacy for women, especially in West Germany. Future research can serve to illustrate how relationships between work-to-family conflicts and parental self-efficacy affect children’s well-being and parent-child relationships.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-07T05:09:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221106729
       
  • Differences in Life Satisfaction and Emotions by Romantic Coupling and
           Sexual Orientation

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      Authors: Dixie Meyer, Aaron Cohn, Brittany Robinson, Max Zubatsky
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Subjective well-being is defined using a triune model including positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. These variables are positively related to romantic relationship satisfaction and influenced by demographic characteristics (i.e., sexual orientation and relationship status). However, research often neglects how the interaction of identifying as specific demographics (e.g., gay or lesbian, in a committed relationship) may lead to different experiences of subjective well-being. A sample of individuals (N = 811) participated in this national, online survey that assessed relationship quality, life satisfaction, and positive/negative affect. A two-way multivariate analysis of variance revealed those in a committed romantic relationship, regardless of marital status, reported more life satisfaction and fewer negative mood symptoms demonstrating greater personal subjective well-being. When assessing differences by sexual orientation, gay men reported less life satisfaction than heterosexual individuals and lesbian women, regardless of relationship status. While these findings help clarify that being in a romantic relationship may influence life satisfaction and emotional demeanor, they also speak to the challenges gay men may face in our society.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-07T01:49:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221106737
       
  • Effect of Commitment on Supportive Dyadic Coping: A Longitudinal Test of
           Interdependence Theory With German Couples

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      Authors: Matthias Kuppler, Michael Wagner
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Unresolved stress reduces the well-being of romantic relationships. Supportive coping helps resolving stress and protects relationship well-being. However, the conditions that promote supportive coping are largely unknown. According to interdependence theory, commitment promotes relationship maintenance behaviors in general. This study investigates whether commitment also promotes supportive coping. Data come from six waves of the German Family Panel, N = 3,057. Fixed-effects models were applied to isolate the effect of commitment on supportive coping from time-constant confounders. Commitment shows a significant positive association with supportive coping. The results provide support for interdependence theory, suggesting that high commitment and feelings of “we-ness” can increase couples’ resilience against the detrimental effects of everyday stress.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-06T03:27:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221106738
       
  • Relationship Status and Well-Being in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

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      Authors: Christin L. Carotta, Erin S. Lavender-Stott, Aileen S. Garcia, Hung-Ling (Stella) Liu
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this study was to examine well-being, loneliness, and hope among single and partnered adults in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 560 adults in the U.S. (50.2% female, 48.9% male, 28.7% single, 71.3% partnered) completed an online survey regarding their experiences amid the global health crisis. Results indicated that single and partnered individuals reported similar experiences of loneliness, hope, and well-being. Furthermore, hope served as a significant positive predictor of psychological well-being for both single and partnered individuals. Single and partnered individuals also engaged in a similar number of social interactions during the pandemic. The nature of these interactions (i.e., in-person vs. digital), however, uniquely predicted well-being across relationship status. Among single individuals, connecting with others in person significantly predicted well-being, whereas digital connections did not. The inverse was found for partnered individuals, where digital connections predicted well-being, but in-person interactions did not.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-02T07:41:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221105242
       
  • Socioeconomic Disadvantage as a Risk Factor for Attachment Insecurity: The
           Moderating Role of Gender

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      Authors: Ezgi Sakman, Nevin Solak, Nebi Sümer
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Although socioeconomic conditions are crucial predictors of adult attachment, the relationships between attachment patterns and distinct dimensions of socioeconomic disadvantage, reflecting its structure as a multi-faceted social construct, remain largely unexplored. Moreover, the overwhelming majority of the previous studies utilized samples from Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD) societies, so little is known about how these relationships unfold in underrepresented cultural contexts. To fill these gaps, we explored the relationships between attachment dimensions and multiple indicators of socioeconomic disadvantage in a large community sample of married couples (N = 2622) in Turkey. We expected that indicators of socioeconomic disadvantage would be positively related to both attachment anxiety and avoidance, particularly among women. In line with our expectations, we found that several indicators of socioeconomic disadvantage are related to both dimensions of insecure attachment. Furthermore, lower income levels emerged as a predictor for women’s attachment avoidance. Results are discussed in light of gender, evolutionary, and cultural perspectives.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-02T02:20:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221105250
       
  • Parenting Stress During COVID-19 Lockdown: Correlates with Family and
           Child Factors

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      Authors: Gen Li, Tony Xin Tan, Peng Wang
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      In response to the COVID-19, a 76-day city-wide strict lockdown was imposed in Wuhan, China. This study aimed to document the family’s psychological status during the lockdown and test the role of family functioning, children’s mental health, child-parent relationship as well as parenting time during pandemic on parenting stress. The results showed that nearly 18% of the children exhibited clinical-level mental health problems. The children’s mental health and child-parent conflict fully mediated general family functioning’s impact on parenting stress. The change in childcaring time moderated the effect of the children’s mental health problems and child-parent conflict on parenting stress. Findings indicated that, during COVID-19 lockdown, children’s mental health and child-parent conflict contributed to parenting stress. More childrearing time would reduce the impact of children’s mental health on parenting stress.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-06-02T01:30:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221106719
       
  • Weathering the Storm: Longitudinal Evidence on Women’s Changing Family
           Relationships During COVID-19

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      Authors: Jeremy W. Lim-Soh, Poh Lin Tan
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The massive socioeconomic changes wrought by COVID-19 have disrupted multiple aspects of family life. However, evidence is still lacking on the sustained long-term impact of the pandemic and how families are adapting to this new normal. This article studies changes in women’s family relationships against the backdrop of evolving COVID-19 public health responses, and investigates the adverse effects of working from home, income loss, and anxiety about the virus. We survey 356 Singaporean mothers over four waves: a baseline in April–July 2018 and follow-ups in May, June, and November 2020. Results suggest that while some family relationships suffered during the early days of the crisis, most families displayed resilience in the long-term. Nevertheless, a substantial minority continued to report worsened relationships. Mother’s work from home status and father’s income loss emerged as significant predictors of change in family relationships, highlighting the gendered nature of adaptation to crisis.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-31T04:48:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221087721
       
  • COVID-19 attributed Changes of Home and Family Responsibilities among
           Single Mothers

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      Authors: Lisbeth A. Pino Gavidia, Hoda Seens, James Fraser, Marudan Sivagurunathan, Joy C. MacDermid, Laura Brunton, Samantha Doralp
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Lockdown measures during COVID-19 have presented increased challenges in the home and family responsibilities. Single mothers may face unique challenges as they may be isolated from external family supports. Changes on a 19-item home and family work role survey pre- and post-COVID were tested with a paired t-test and sign test; the impact of age and people in the home was assessed using linear regression. There was a significant increase (p < 0.05) in 6/19 post-COVID-19 family responsibilities. In comparison to pre-COVID-19, post-COVID-19 single mothers reported a statistically significant median increase in family responsibilities (Mdn = .0000), p < .041. Each additional person living in the home was associated with a decrease in family responsibilities (B = -13.1, 95% CI [-21.943, -4.247]). Changes in the home and family responsibilities confirm that COVID-19 led to increased unpaid work to fulfill home and family responsibilities among single mothers.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-27T12:40:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221105247
       
  • Financial Literacy in the Family Context: The Role of Spousal Education
           and Gender Among Older Couples

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      Authors: Yang Li, Jan E. Mutchler, Edward Alan Miller, Reginald Tucker-Seeley, Jing Jian Xiao
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      We examine cross-spouse associations between education and financial literacy among older couples, net of own education, and whether the cross-spouse associations differ by gender. Using data from the Cognitive Economics Study, we employ multilevel actor–partner interdependence regression models to examine both the actor and partner associations between education and financial literacy (N = 205 dyads) and the moderating role of gender. Findings indicate that the partner association between education and financial literacy was moderated by gender. Husbands’ education was associated with wives’ financial literacy, net of own education and controls, but wives’ education was not associated with husbands’ financial literacy. The study adds to our knowledge of the role of the family context in financial literacy, net of own education. Results suggest that factors shaping financial knowledge may spill over from husbands to wives. Interventions to enhance older adults’ financial knowledge should take into account the family context and consider couple-based approaches.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-26T04:01:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221105244
       
  • Do Stepmothers Pay a Wage Penalty'

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      Authors: Melissa D. Day, Rebecca Glauber
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      There is an abundance of research on the motherhood wage penalty, but few studies have looked at stepmotherhood and its association with women’s work hours, labor market experience, and wages. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979–2016) this study presents results of descriptive statistics and fixed effects regressions. We find that married residential stepmotherhood is a relatively transitory experience. Further, the transition to parenthood was associated with a reduction in all women’s time at work, but was smaller for stepmothers and larger for biological mothers. Compared to married biological mothers, residential stepmothers spent more time at work, accumulated more labor market experience, and did not pay a motherhood wage penalty. These results broaden our understanding of how different pathways to motherhood may impact the nature of women’s relationships with their children, and in turn, other aspects of women’s lives including women’s work–family experiences.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-24T02:23:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221087723
       
  • Longitudinal Psychological Family Studies in Austria: A Scoping Review

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      Authors: Laura Freischlager, Magdalena Siegel, Amos S. Friedrich, Martina Zemp
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Longitudinal psychological research on family outcomes provides crucial information about families in a changing society, but an evidence synthesis for Austria is currently lacking. Therefore, we aim to summarize psychological longitudinal research on family-related outcomes in Austria using a scoping review approach. Adhering to PRISMA guidelines, we searched five scientific databases (PsycInfo, PSYNDEX, Pubmed, Scopus, and Web of Science) and conducted manual searches to identify additional grey literature. Ten sources reporting on six data collection efforts between 1991 and 2015 were identified. Most samples consisted of heterosexual nuclear families, while research on more diverse family types is needed. Methods were primarily quantitative with conventional designs, but noteworthy exceptions exist. Comprehensive longitudinal data collection efforts across child development are lacking for the new millennium. State-of-the-art research implementing a triangulation of methods, designs, and perspectives that incorporate diverse family types is needed to draw accurate conclusions about the changing family landscape in Austria.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-24T02:17:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221092026
       
  • Children’s Experiences of Lockdown and Social Distancing in the
           Covid-19 Pandemic

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      Authors: Gustavo González-Calvo, Valeria Varea, Alfonso García-Monge
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Covid-19 was declared a pandemic in March 2020, and the world has witnessed significant changes since then. Spain has been forced to go into extreme lockdown, cancelling all school classes and outdoor activities for children, which may have significant consequences on young people. This paper explores how young children have experienced lockdown as a consequence of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic and what they think about their future lives after Covid-19. Data were collected from 73 students aged from 7 to 9 years old, using participant-produced drawings and short questions with children’s and parents’ descriptive comments. We used a children’s rights perspective and the Freirean approach of a pedagogy of love and hope to analyse the data. Results suggest that participants have been through significant changes in their routines, and that what they miss most from their lives before Covid-19 is playing outdoors with their friends and visiting their grandparents. To our knowledge, this paper is the first of its kind in investigating how the Covid-19 pandemic has influenced the ways that children lived during pandemic and its possible implications for their futures.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-23T09:29:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221094038
       
  • ‘I Am on a Family Planning Program, but I Have Not Told My Husband’:
           Contraceptive Decision-Making of Child Brides in Ghana

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      Authors: Sylvia E Gyan, George Domfe, Antoinette Tsiboe-Darko
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study explores the factors that influence child bride’s decision making, either independently or jointly on modern contraceptive use in Ghana. The findings of this study are based on qualitative data collected through in-depth interviews with 15 child brides aged 15–24 years from four administrative regions in Ghana. It was observed that knowing about contraceptives, quality of the knowledge, attitude and sociocultural influences affected child brides’ decision to use contraception. Thus, autonomy in decision making requires first, making the decision to access contraceptives and secondly, whether the decision can be implemented alone or with permission or in consultation with their spouses. It can be concluded from this study that child brides are not always as vulnerable and unable to exercise agency as is sometimes suggested because they sometimes used contraceptives without informing their partners although there is the possibility of a negative backlash from their partners when it is known.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T10:15:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221093297
       
  • The Remarriage Belief Inventory: A Validation Study in the Remarried
           Portuguese Population

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      Authors: Carina Santos, Brian J. Higginbotham, Maria Emília Costa, Mariana Veloso Martins
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Dysfunctional beliefs from previous experiences and unrealistic expectations can lead to low remarital quality. This study assessed the factor structure of the Portuguese version of the Remarriage Belief Inventory (RMBI). Data were analyzed with 741 remarried individuals. Participants were recruited through a web-based survey (LimeSurvey software) between January 2019 and July 2020. Two independent researchers translated the RMBI, and retroversion was performed by an independent bilingual research. The Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) revealed seven dimensions (Adjustment, Finances, Priority, Partner, Success, Stepfamily, and Past) confirming the original seven-factor structure. Confirmatory Factor Analysis confirmed good fit of data (CFA) fit (χ2 (130) = 363.588, χ2/df = 2.79, p = .000; CFI = .93; GFI = .95; RMSEA = .05). Results revealed good internal consistency (α = 0.72). The RMBI also revealed good psychometric properties for construct validity, with measures of dyadic adjustment, stress, and social support. Implications and future research were discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T10:15:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221092052
       
  • The Well-Being of Parents in the Year After Childbirth

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      Authors: Andreja Brajša-Žganec, Marija Džida, Tihana Brkljačić, Ljiljana Kaliterna Lipovčan, Lana Lučić
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The aim of this study is to analyze the well-being of individuals who had a newborn child during the previous year and to compare their well-being with that of individuals who had children previously and with childless individuals. The sample consisted of 2008 respondents (81% women) who participated in an online survey. Respondents rated their life satisfaction, positive and negative affect, and flourishing in two time points spanning one year. 102 respondents experienced childbirth between the two time points, 673 had children before, and 1233 did not have children. The results show that life satisfaction increased between two time points in the subsample of individuals who had a child during the previous year; they also had higher life satisfaction compared to other parents and non-parents. There was no difference between the groups in affective well-being and flourishing. However, parents who had a newborn child showed a decrease in flourishing.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-05-02T03:33:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221096799
       
  • College Student Persistence: A Focus on Relationships With Parents

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      Authors: Suzanne Bartle-Haring, Alessandra Bryant, Stephen M. Gavazzi
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this study was to investigate persistence to degree in a nationally representative sample of college students. The sample included first-generation and/or underrepresented minority students who had ever been enrolled in a 4-year degree program, and specifically focused on relationships with parents to examine if relationship quality had any impact on persistence to degree using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) 1997 dataset. We conducted logistic regression analyses to predict persistence. Predictors included first-generation status, ethnic minority status, sex, family income, family structure, geographic location of home, and relationship with parents. Our most significant finding was that the relationship students had with their parents was more predictive of non-persistence than first-generation status. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for family-based programming for students struggling to persist in college, and the necessity to involve the family in an intentional way throughout the college experience.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-03-27T04:35:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211068920
       
  • Whiteness in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Who is Talking About Racism With Their
           Kids'

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      Authors: Keira B. Leneman, Sydney Levasseur-Puhach, Sarah Gillespie, Irlanda Gomez, Gordon C. Nagayama Hall, Leslie E. Roos
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The present study investigated factors associated with parent awareness and socialization surrounding COVID-19-related racial disparities among White parents of children ages 1.5–8 living in Canada and the United States (N = 423, 88% mothers). Participants responded to an online survey about parenting during the pandemic between mid to late-April 2020. Participants reported on their level of awareness of COVID-19-related racial disparities as well as how often they discussed these with their children. Although 52% reported some level of awareness, only 34% reported any amount of discussion with their child about it. Regression models were used to further examine stress-related, socioeconomic, parenting, and news-watching associations with awareness and socialization. This study provides unique insight into which White parents are aware of racial inequities exposed by the pandemic and which are choosing to speak to their children about them. Current summary recommendations for White racial socialization and related research are also presented.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-03-27T04:25:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221079328
       
  • Chinese Lesbian and Gay Adults’ Self-Reported Experiences of Negative
           Treatment and Violence From Family of Origin: Evidence From a Larger-Scale
           Study in China

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      Authors: Yiu Tung Suen, Eliz Miu Yin Wong, Randolph C. H. Chan
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Lesbian and gay adults’ self-reported experiences of violence from family of origin in adulthood have been less examined in previous research on interpersonal violence from intimate others. In China, while it has been understood that lesbians and gay men face mounting pressure to marry and have children, there is little empirical evidence on their experiences of violence from family of origin. This paper analyzes self-reported experiences of negative treatment and violence from a larger-scale study in China of 11,048 Chinese lesbian and gay cisgender adults. The majority of Chinese lesbians and gay men felt pressure to get married and have children (70.4%), and experienced different forms of negative treatment and violence from their family members based on sexual orientation (54.2%). A significant gender difference was observed. This paper provides novel empirical evidence for the lived experiences of lesbians and gay men in China and bears implications for China’s Anti-domestic Violence Law.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-03-14T01:20:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211064874
       
  • Adolescents’ Perceptions of Sibling Caregiving

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      Authors: Gabrielle C. Kline, Sarah E. Killoren
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of the current study is to examine adolescents’ perspectives of sibling caregiving and how sibling caregiving is associated with adolescent development and family relationships. Using role theory as a framework, focus group data were collected from 13 primarily white (n = 10) female (n = 9) adolescents in a suburban midwestern city and inductive thematic analysis was conducted. Overall, our findings revealed that sibling caregiving is an important part of adolescents’ lives and may have important links to adolescent development and family relationships. It is important to note, however, that while these findings are not without limitations (i.e., lack generalizability) due to sample size and characteristic (predominately female and white), the examination of adolescent’s perspectives is an important avenue as we highlight the multidimensional nature of sibling caregiving, and the influence that sibling caregiving may have on adolescents’ development and family relationships within this sample.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-03-13T07:05:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221079330
       
  • Estrangement Between Siblings in Adulthood: A Qualitative Exploration

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      Authors: Lucy Blake, Becca Bland, Alison Rouncefield-Swales
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Relationships between siblings have been described as the longest lasting an individual can have, yet siblings both can and do become estranged from one another in adulthood. An online survey was disseminated to individuals who had sought support from the charity Stand Alone, which supports individuals who are experiencing family estrangement. Individuals estranged from one full genetic sister and/or brother were asked to describe the relationship in their own words. Open-text responses were thematically analysed from 291 respondents. Family systems were described as being characterised by estrangements, alliances and conflicts; there was variation in the participant’s preferences regarding reconciliation; and most respondents focused on describing their sibling’s challenging or disappointing characteristics and behaviour. The fact that siblings both can and do become estranged challenges commonly held assumptions about family relationships, confirming that they are not necessarily or always life-long, significant or supportive.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-03-11T10:09:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211064876
       
  • Perceptions of Nonreligious Parents

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      Authors: Heather H. Kelley, Loren D. Marks, David C. Dollahite
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Although religious intolerance and marginalization still exist today, research suggests that perhaps one of the most marginalized groups is those who report no religion. Through interviews with 31 nonreligious couples (N = 62 individuals), we investigated what nonreligious parents want religious people to understand about them and their families. Using a team-based approach to qualitative data analysis, we identified three themes related to what our participants wanted religious people to know: (1) we are good people, good parents, and not that different from you; (2) religion does not equate with morality; and (3) do not judge beliefs, actions are what matter. We identified an additional theme regarding how they would like to convey these and other matters to religious people, that we termed as (4) I do/do not want to talk about religion and here is why. Implications include suggestions and recommendations to increase understanding, tolerance, and respect between religious and nonreligious individuals, family members, and groups.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-03-04T10:59:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X221079332
       
  • Intergenerational Attitudes Toward Child Maltreatment: A Mixed Methods
           Study of Parents and Their Late Adolescents Following a Canadian
           Two-Generation Preschool Program

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      Authors: Carla Ginn, Robert Perry, Karen Benzies
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      For Canadian families experiencing social vulnerability, challenges of living with low income, parental mental illness, addiction, and/or lack of social support are frequently intergenerational. US two-generation programs demonstrate positive effects on child and parent well-being; Canadian two-generation programs are rare, with CUPS (formerly Calgary Urban Project Society) the Canadian exemplar. In this cross-sectional, concurrent, triangulation mixed methods study, we used Maslow’s Hierarchy as a framework. We explored experiences of parents and adolescents at CUPS through written answers on questionnaires (39 parents and 55 adolescents), measuring attitudes toward child maltreatment (44 parent/adolescent dyads), and ACE scores (48 parent/adolescent dyads). Experiences encompassed movement toward resiliency and intergenerational shifts in risk for child maltreatment, including use of corporal punishment, and lower ACE scores in adolescents than parents. Effective early childhood interventions for families experiencing vulnerability must focus on intergenerational approaches, emphasize social support systems, breaking cycles of adversity, and lifelong movement toward resiliency.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-03-04T06:39:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211054459
       
  • COVID-19 and Family Distancing Efforts: Contextual Demographic and Family
           Conflict Correlates

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      Authors: Sesong Jeon, Daeyong Lee, Carl F. Weems
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Since the COVID-19 outbreak, family members have spent more time together at home. This study introduces the concept of “family distancing”—the efforts to prevent the spread of the coronavirus to family members. We explore which demographic characteristics are associated with family distancing efforts and how the family distancing efforts are associated with family conflicts. Survey data were collected from adults (N = 324, M = 37 years; SD = 10.5 years; 65.1% female) in Korea. We found that gender, education, marital status, physical health status, and number of family members who live together were significantly associated with family distancing efforts. In addition, lower compliance with the request for family distancing was significantly associated with a higher degree of negative emotions (i.e., anger), which in turn was associated with more family conflict. The findings highlight the potential importance of family distancing efforts to maintain health but also their potential to increase family conflict.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-02-25T10:14:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211055123
       
  • Changes in Perceived Fairness of Division of Household Labor Across
           Parenthood Transitions: Whose Relationship Satisfaction Is Impacted'

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      Authors: Nicole Hiekel, Katya Ivanova
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Using a nationally representative, prospective study of young German adults, we address two research questions: First, are changes in the perceptions of the fairness of (un)paid labor division associated with changes in men’s and women’s partnership satisfaction across fertility transitions' Second, is this association moderated by men and women’s pre-birth gender role attitudes' Our results indicate that differences between respondents in changes in relationship satisfaction after fertility transitions could be observed across perceptions of the fairness of the division of labor, rather than across differing actual divisions of household labor. That effect was found for women, but not men. Across gender role attitudes, the perception of a stable fair arrangement was detrimental to traditional men’s relationship satisfaction, whereas the perception of increased fairness protected against declines in relationship satisfaction only for egalitarian women. We discuss how the mismatch between imagined and lived realities might affect relationship dynamics across fertility transitions.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-02-24T12:50:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211055119
       
  • “We Can’t Say This Won’t Happen to Me”: Parent-Child Communication
           About Anti-Latino Discrimination

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      Authors: Keren Eyal, Krista Perreira, Samantha Schilling
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      In recent years, discrimination toward Hispanic/Latino Americans has escalated, threatening the health of Hispanic/Latino families and children. Previous research in African American families demonstrates the importance of parent–child communication in interrupting the pathway between childhood discrimination and poor health outcomes, but parent–child communication regarding discrimination has not been well-studied in Hispanic/Latino families. This study uses the minority child development model to explore how Hispanic/Latino parents discuss anti-Latino and anti-immigrant discrimination, bias, and unfair treatment with their children. In-depth interviews were performed with Hispanic/Latino immigrant parents (N = 14) of 25 children ages 5–17 years. Interviews were analyzed using phenomenological thematic analysis. Seven major strategies utilized by Hispanic/Latino parents emerged: (1) champion success; (2) comfort and encourage; (3) advocate, appeal, and defend; (4) understand, ignore, and accept; (5) learn from it; (6) teach tolerance; and (7) prepare for bias. The development of resources to enhance parent skills in this area is discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-02-16T01:34:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211069585
       
  • Network Financial Transfers and Psychological Distress Among Unmarried
           Mothers

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      Authors: Melissa Radey
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Almost 50% of single-mother households live below 200% of the poverty line. In addition to material needs, mothers living in poverty have higher levels of psychological distress. Although some forms of network support (e.g., perceived support, welcomed support) promote well-being, how do financial transfers relate to unmarried mothers’ levels of distress' Drawing from support mobilization, social inequity, and reciprocity theories, this study used The Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS) (n = 3,117 mothers and 10,676 observations) and longitudinal mixed-effects models to examine financial transfer behavior stability and its relationship to maternal psychological distress. Results indicate that, net of extensive controls, mothers commonly participated in giving or receiving money despite their disadvantaged, volatile circumstances, and engagement, regardless of direction, related to more symptoms of distress. This connection is problematic given the weakening public cash safety net and U.S. economic uncertainty.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-02-12T06:56:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211071051
       
  • Mental Health Across the Life Course for Men and Women in Married,
           Cohabiting, and Living Apart Together Relationships

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      Authors: Deniz Yucel, Beth A. Latshaw
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study examines the underexplored relationship between union type and mental health for married, cohabiting, and living apart together (“LAT”) individuals. Further, we assess whether gender and age moderate (separately and jointly) this relationship. Using data from Wave 1 of the Generations and Gender Survey (N = 34,833), results suggest that cohabitors and LATs have worse mental health than married individuals. The negative effects of cohabiting or living apart on mental health are stronger for women than men. Young and middle-aged female LATs (to an equal magnitude) have worse mental health than married women of the same ages, while there are no such differences among older women. Middle-aged and older male LATs have worse mental health than married men of the same ages (with the larger effect found for middle-aged men), but there are no such differences among younger men. Thus, we highlight previously undocumented gender and life course dynamics of union type and mental health.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-02-04T01:02:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211068038
       
  • The Double-Edged Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Chinese Family
           Relationships

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      Authors: Yongqiang Jiang, Yuxin Tan, Dazhou Wu, Jinxiu Yin, Xiuyun Lin
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      To comprehensively understand the Chinese family relationships (i.e., marital relationship, parent–child relationship, sibling relationship, and grandparent–grandchild relationship) during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study investigated the changes of family relationships and the individual differences related to knowledge of the COVID-19, personality traits (i.e., neuroticism and optimism), and emotional characteristics (i.e., emotion regulation and negative emotional reactions). From March 1 to April 5, 2020, 8821 participants were involved, including 3995 teenagers, 1146 unmarried young adults, 3571 married adults, and 109 grandparents. Results revealed a double-edged pattern that people experienced both positive changes and negative changes during the pandemic. Teenagers reported significant negative changes in the relationships with their parents. Peoples’ knowledge of the COVID-19, neuroticism, optimism, emotion regulation, and negative emotional reactions were in varying extents to which accounted for the individual differences in the changes of family relationships. These findings help recognize the overall Chinese family relationships during the hard period.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-02-03T07:11:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211041990
       
  • ‘I Have to be the Mum and Dad for 4 Weeks Straight’. Exploring the
           Experiences and Support Needs of Australian Parents and Partners Engaged
           in Fly-In/Fly-Out Work Practices

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      Authors: Cassandra K. Dittman, Joanne A. Rathbone
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Fly-in/fly-out (FIFO) work practices have become common place in Australia over the past two decades. Research has documented the personal impact of these work practices, but little peer-reviewed research is available on the family impact of this work. The study aimed to better understand (1) the impact of FIFO work arrangements on children, parents and relationships; (2) strategies parents use to manage the home-away cycle; and (3) preferences for parenting support. Interviews were conducted with six FIFO workers and 15 partners of FIFO workers with at least one child aged 2–12 years. Inductive thematic analysis revealed six themes: effects on children; effects on family relationships; effects on parenting; managing transitions; managing separations; and the need for flexible, tailored parenting support. The findings provided important insight into the experiences of working FIFO with a family and can inform the development of parenting support targeted at FIFO families.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-29T06:43:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211071061
       
  • Coping With Parental Pressure to Get Married: Perspectives From Chinese
           “Leftover Women”

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      Authors: Tianhan Gui
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Postponed marriage has become a trend in China’s major cities over the last decade. However, due to persistent traditional gender role expectations, women who remain single in their late 20s and beyond still face significant parental pressure to get married and are the subjects of negative societal discourse. Through semi-structured interviews with 30 never-married Chinese professional women who are white-collar workers based in Beijing, this research explored the parental pressure these women faced, their response to the pressure, and their own perceptions on marriage and romantic relationships. The results demonstrate the two generations’ different viewpoints on marriage, romantic relationships, and gender roles, as well as young women’s aspirations for autonomy and independence.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-29T05:37:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211071053
       
  • The Relationships of Divorced Grandparents with Their Grandchildren

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      Authors: Ahuva Even-Zohar
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      In recent years, divorce at a later age has increased in Israel as well as in other developed countries, and there are more grandparents who go through a divorce. The purpose of this study was to examine the meaning of divorced grandparents’ relationship with their grandchildren. Employing a qualitative methodology, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 divorced Israeli grandparents aged 54–81. Analysis of the interviews identified several themes: Informing the grandchildren about the divorce and their response; the effect of the relationships between the divorced grandparents on the grandchildren’s perception of the divorce; the effect of the relationship with the parents' generation on relations between grandparents and grandchildren; the relationship with the grandchildren. The results show that grandparents who experience divorce continue to be involved in their grandchildren's life, although some changes can be seen following the divorce process.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-19T11:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211055110
       
  • Mate Selection Behavior of GED Recipients

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      Authors: Kate H. Choi, Brandon G. Wagner
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The General Educational Development (GED) degree is designed to be a credential equivalent to the high school diploma. However, growing evidence indicates that GED recipients have worse outcomes than high school graduates. Such findings raise the question: is the GED socially equivalent to the high school diploma' Although educational assortative mating patterns have long been used as a barometer of the social distance across educational groups, there has not been a study that has addressed this question by examining the marital sorting patterns of GED recipients. Using log-linear models, our study shows that the odds of intermarriage between GED recipients and high school graduates resemble those between GED recipients and those without a secondary degree. Racial/ethnic minorities had greater difficulty crossing the GED/high school graduate boundary when they married. Our findings detract from the purported view that the GED degree is equivalent to a traditional high school diploma.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-10T07:51:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211059825
       
  • Student Parents or Parent Students in Lockdown Pandemic' A Third Space
           approach

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      Authors: Zoi Nikiforidou, Sarah Holmes
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The pandemic has affected families in many ways. Parents, who at the same time are studying, tend to be an under-represented cohort of adult learners, and in this study, their experiences and reflections, on how they navigated through their dual identities during lockdown, are explored. Through an online survey, 91 student parents from 20 different higher education institutions in the United Kingdom shared their views as to how they balanced their parenting and studying responsibilities during lockdown in early 2021. Findings indicate how student parents felt both their roles were impacted rather negatively, but also how the pandemic provided them opportunities for bridging and resisting binaries, through the emergence of a Third Space (Bhabha, H. K. (1994). The location of culture. New York, NY: Routledge; Soja, E. W. (1996). Third space: Journeys to Los Angeles and other real-and-imagined places. Malden, MA: Blackwell). The study shows how student parents re-positioned their identities, identified ways to manage disruptions caused by the lockdown and acknowledged family time and family relationships as very important.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T11:29:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211067524
       
  • Socio-economic Correlates of Marital Status and Marriage Timing Among
           Adult Men in Nigeria

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      Authors: David A. Okunlola, Olusesan A. Makinde, Stella Babalola
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      There is a gradual tendency towards prolonged bachelorhood among men in Nigeria. Studies have linked this to socio-economic factors, but this evidence is sparsely explored in the context of Nigeria. Hence, this study fills the knowledge gap. The 2016/17 Nigeria Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey data of 7803 adult men (aged 18–34 years) was analysed by using descriptive and fitting binary logitic regression and Cox regression models. Results show that slightly more than one-third of adult men in Nigeria (35%) had a marriage history and their median age at first marriage was about 24 years. Educated men (than the uneducated) and those in middle wealth group (than the poor men) were less likely to have ever been married and to delay marriage, respectively. Wealthy men were more likely to delay marriage. Employed men were more likely to have a marriage history and to delay marriage.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T07:18:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211059828
       
  • Parental Mediation of Cell Phone Use and Adolescent Autonomy

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      Authors: Ron Warren, Lindsey Aloia
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Adolescents’ cell phone use occurs during significant developmental shifts in parent–adolescent relationships, as adolescents’ drives for independence can conflict with parents’ desires for connection. This study examines parental mediation of cell phone use within an interpersonal and family communication framework. Previous mediation research has not examined connections with social penetration theory, uncertainty reduction theory, relational dialectics theory, and communication privacy management, each of which has conceptual links to parental mediation. Cell phone mediation reflects the broader phenomenon of disclosure in interpersonal relationships. The extent to which individuals disclose information is influenced by personal desires for autonomy and connection, privacy and intimacy, which are components of interpersonal and family communication theories. This study explores the notion that families develop norms and expectations about cell phones that might influence parental mediation. Results indicate that perceptions of parent–child relationships and family expectations for cell phone use both significantly influence mediation.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T06:13:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211066955
       
  • Parenting During a Pandemic: Predictors of Parental Burnout

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      Authors: Cara S. Swit, Rose Breen
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The global pandemic, COVID-19, has resulted in significant changes in many aspects of our lives. For parents, the impact has been great as they combine work, family, and homeschooling while maintaining the wellbeing of themselves and their family. COVID-19 has brought about challenges that many parents have not faced before, putting them at risk for parental burnout. The goal of this study was to investigate risk and protective factors that predict parental burnout during COVID-19. Eighty-six parents (75 mothers; Mage = 40.73; SD = 7.88) living in New Zealand during COVID-19 lockdown participated in the survey. Results showed parental violence, parental constellation, unemployment, major decreases in finances, and living in a disadvantaged neighborhood were the strongest predictors of parental burnout. Child independence and parental emotional regulation were the strongest protective predictors of parental burnout. COVID-19 restrictions did not predict parental burnout. Findings highlight that promoting protective factors may support parental equilibrium during future crises.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T06:02:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211064858
       
  • Familial Predictors of Alcohol and Drug Use-Related Problems Among
           Middle-Aged and Older Adults

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      Authors: Sara E. Miller, Jennifer L. Maggs, Rina D. Eiden, David M. Almeida
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study evaluated whether recent family member alcohol and substance use problems (ASP) and density of family ASP (i.e., number of members with ASP) predict alcohol-related problems and drug use-related problems among middle-aged and older adults. Data were drawn from participants (age 42–93 years, n = 2168) in the longitudinal Midlife in the United States Study (MIDUS). Poisson regression models revealed that adults’ alcohol- and drug use-related problems were predicted by similar problems among family members. In particular, parent and partner ASP, but not child ASP, predicted alcohol-related problems in the middle-aged and combined samples, while only partner ASP predicted participants’ drug use-related problems. In addition, density of family ASP predicted alcohol-related problems, but not drug use-related problems. There were no gender interactions. Study findings highlight that understanding how adult children, spouses, and aging parents impact each other’s substance use should be a priority of future aging and family research.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T01:21:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211064877
       
  • We Are Family: Effects of a Relationship-Strengthening Prevention
           Intervention on Parenting Behaviors Among Black and Latino Adolescent
           Couples

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      Authors: Valen R. Diaz, Tashuna Albritton, Marina Katague, Victoria Dancy, Jean M. Breny, Trace Kershaw
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Relationship strain or dissolution between new parents can affect the co-parenting relationship and parenting engagement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a relationship-strengthening intervention on parenting behaviors among adolescent couples. Data from a pilot randomized control trial conducted with predominantly Black and Latino couples were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance. Observed intervention * time effects and intervention * time * gender effects were not statistically significant, but had small to moderate effect sizes. Intervention couples demonstrated increased parenting sense of competence compared to control couples. Gender differences in intervention effects were observed for both parenting experiences and parenting engagement. Given the pilot nature of the study, these findings provide preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of this couple-based intervention for improving parenting outcomes. Future research should assess the intervention in a larger sample and leverage technology-based approaches as methods for content delivery.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-05T05:11:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211064860
       
  • Consensus on Constraints in Marital Satisfaction Among Married People in
           African Context

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      Authors: Tumbwene E. Mwansisya, Ipyana H. Mwampagatwa
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Marriage is considered as the most important social institution and symbol of adulthood in Africa. However, the trend of divorce has increased alarmingly in recent years. We explored the constraints towards marital satisfaction by using the Delphi technique with assumptions that couples are the experts on their marriages. Participant’s panel included married heterosexual couples divided into two groups: men and women couple’s panels. The group of women’s panel included 31 participants and men’s panel contained 25 males. Then in the final stage, both groups provided their views and discussed on the possible solutions to the identified constraints. Five major themes emerged: satisfaction in sexuality among couples, difficulties in communication, economic and financial conflicts, the role of extended families, and opportunity for behavioural change to achieve marital satisfaction. Our findings support the hypothesis that satisfaction with sexual intercourse, respectful communication, financial stability and careful handling of relatives influence marital satisfaction.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-04T11:35:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211056939
       
  • Facilitators and Barriers of Mother Engagement in a Home-based Parenting
           Program Following Concerns of Child Maltreatment

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      Authors: Alison Fogarty, Holly Rominov, Monique Seymour, Kirsty Evans, Catherine Fisher, Andi Jones, Jacquie O’Brien, Rebecca Giallo
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The current study aimed to explore mothers’ perceptions of facilitators and barriers to engagement in the HoPES program, an intensive home-visiting intervention for families with young children identified as having child maltreatment concerns. Seven mothers who had participated in the program participated in semi-structured interviews about their experiences. Thematic analysis was conducted using NVivo Version 12. Themes relating to facilitators of engagement included the following: (1) clinician behaviours; (2) treatment relevance/acceptability; (3) strong therapeutic relationship; (4) mothers’ cognitions and beliefs about treatment and (5) program delivery. Themes relating to barriers to engagement included the following: (1) contextual/external barriers to treatment; (2) treatment relevance/acceptability; (3) mothers’ cognitions and beliefs about treatment and (4) program processes. This study highlights the important role which services and clinicians have in engaging parents at risk of child maltreatment. Specifically, the prioritisation of the therapeutic relationship through all intervention processes, and the utilisation of strength-based approaches, may facilitate engagement.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-04T08:04:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211067525
       
  • “It’s More Us Helping Them Instead of Them Helping Us”: How Class
           Disadvantage Motivates Asian American College Students to Help Their
           Parents

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      Authors: Blair Harrington
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      While considerable attention has been given to the ways that parents contribute to undergraduates’ success, far less attention has been given to what these students do for their families, variation in students’ provision of help, or the consequences of giving. Drawing on 61 interviews with Asian American college students from diverse ethnic and class backgrounds, this paper extends conventional understanding of families and college by analyzing the financial assistance and translation support Asian American undergraduates give their parents. Using a trichotomous model of class—comparing disadvantaged, advantaged, and ambiguous students—I show that class disadvantage motivated students’ helping, advantage deterred it, while the ambiguous fell in between. Culture (i.e., filial piety) and a broad view of family (i.e., siblings’ contributions) also influenced students’ help. Finally, based on interview data combined with partial support from analysis of participants' grade point averages data, I demonstrate that helping had positive and negative implications for students’ college experience.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-03T10:54:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211064867
       
  • Does Gender Difference Exist in Typologies of Intergenerational
           Relations' Adult Son–Parent and Daughter–Parent Relations in Hong
           Kong

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      Authors: Chenhong Peng, Qijin Cheng, Paul S. F. Yip
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      This study examines the typologies of adult son–parent and daughter–parent relations in Hong Kong, a place where East meets West. Data were drawn from a survey of 834 adult children (381 sons and 453 daughters) aged between 18 and 60 with at least one living parent. Latent class analysis identified four types of relations for both son-parent and daughter-parent relations: tight-knit, distant ascending ties, obligatory, and detached. Sons were more likely to engage in obligatory and tight-knit relations with parents, whereas daughters were more likely to engage in distant ascending ties relations. Multinomial logistic regression found that adult children who were young, single, or co-residing with their own child aged above 18 were more likely to have tight-knit relations with their elderly parents. Our findings suggest that although the male-dominated norm remains influential in Hong Kong, daughters are increasingly maintaining close interactions with their parents.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-03T10:43:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211066954
       
  • The Struggle to Balance Work and Family Life During the COVID-19 Pandemic:
           Insights Based on the Situations of Working Women in Delhi

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      Authors: Deeksha Tayal, Aasha Kapur Mehta
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      The COVID-19 pandemic generated economic contraction across the world. In India, the stringent lockdown led to extreme distress. The unprecedented situation adversely affected the women’s efforts to balance professional life with family life because of a disproportionate increase in their domestic work burden and a shift in their workstation to home. Since every job cannot be performed remotely, women employed in healthcare services, banks and media witnessed additional risks of commuting and physical interaction at the workplace. Based on personal interviews of women in the Delhi-NCR region, the study aims to explore the commonalities and variances in the challenges experienced by the women engaged in diverse occupations. Using the qualitative methodology of flexible coding, the study finds that a relatively larger section of women travelling to their office during the pandemic, rather than those working from home, had an effective familial support system that helped them navigate this tough time.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-03T05:56:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211058817
       
  • Marital Quality as a Mechanism Linking Childhood Abuse to Mental Health

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      Authors: Michael Fitzgerald, Jacob A. Esplin
      Abstract: Journal of Family Issues, Ahead of Print.
      Childhood abuse has been widely associated with mental health problems in adulthood and marital quality may be one possible mediator. We examine marital quality as a mediator linking childhood abuse to positive affect, negative affect, emotionally reactivity, and aggression. Using data from Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS), results of structural equation modeling indicate that the indirect effects from childhood abuse to each of the mental health outcomes were significant. Marital quality may be a source of resilience among adults who were abused in childhood and could be a point of intervention for clinicians.
      Citation: Journal of Family Issues
      PubDate: 2022-01-03T05:03:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0192513X211059831
       
 
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