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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
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Columbia Social Work Review
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2372-255X - ISSN (Online) 2164-1250
Published by Columbia University Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Law Enforcement and Restorative Circles: Impacts on Educational

    • Authors: Gabriel Bautista, Caitlin Mello, Jennifer Song, Richard Unite
      Pages: 13 - 32
      Abstract: Connections have been observed between police involvement in school discipline and the utilization of suspensions as punishment. While proponents of school surveillance believe that police are necessary to provide safety in schools, education advocates question students’ perception of safety and its effects on educational outcomes. This article examines the relationship between police officer presence and certain educational outcomes, including student attendance, access to higher education, standardized test scores, and suspension rates. Also included in this analysis is an exploration of the relationships between these variables and classroom restorative circles used to manage conflict and find alternative solutions to safety. Does police presence have a significant impact upon attendance, access to higher education, standardized test scores, and suspension rates for students' Does the use of restorative circles at school, an alternative to traditional student discipline, have a significant impact upon attendance, access to higher education, standardized test scores, and suspension rates for students' To address these inquiries, an Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression analysis is used on both predictors with the School Survey on Crime and Safety collected by the U.S. Department of Education (DOE). Results demonstrate a statistically significant relationship between police officer presence and suspensions. Restorative circle use in schools has a significant impact upon decreased school suspensions and increased standardized test scores. To conclude the paper, real-world implications on school policy development are discussed. Keywords: police in schools, suspension rates, educational outcomes, restorative justice circles, standardized test scores
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.52214/cswr.v20i1.9640
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • From Foster Care to the Streets: A Call to Support Black, Indigenous, and
           LGBTQ+ Youth in Foster Care

    • Authors: Lee Ann Genussa
      Pages: 33 - 56
      Abstract: The modern United States (U.S.) foster care system’s history is steeped in racism, violence, and oppression. Today, Black, Indigenous, and LGBTQ+ youth are overrepresented in the U.S. foster care system and have fallen victim to its oppressive practices. For many marginalized youths, running away from foster care is perceived to be a more viable option than continuing to endure discrimination within the system despite the high risks of homelessness, unstable housing, human trafficking, sexual exploitation, and other dangers associated with elopement. For the purposes of this article the term elopement will be used to refer to runaway behavior. This article seeks to illustrate how the oppressive legacy of the foster care system preserves the status quo by disintegrating and retraumatizing Black, Indigenous, and LGBTQ+ communities. The author explores the impacts of foster care on the micro and meso levels, critiques current policy practices, and offers alternative perspectives for social workers to create a more just and genuine child welfare system. Keywords: foster care, child welfare, elopement, racism, Black youth, Indigenous youth, LGBTQ+ youth
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.52214/cswr.v20i1.9641
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • Improving Communication Among Providers Serving D/deaf Populations in
           Mental Health Settings

    • Authors: Imonie Gwaltney
      Pages: 57 - 75
      Abstract: Mental health is as critically important as physical health. The status of one’s mental health can be greatly impacted by environmental, social, psychological factors, and traumatic experiences that interfere with daily living. Deaf populations who utilize American Sign Language (ASL) for daily communication face a unique set of obstacles to accessing quality mental health care, and the lack of access to effective counseling due to linguistic barriers can contribute to the deterioration of mental health symptoms. This paper will guide non-D/deaf mental health clinicians to become more familiar with deaf culture and will underscore the potential of language accommodation to relieve burdens felt by deaf individuals. Disclaimer: “Deaf” will be used interchangeably with “deaf” to demonstrate inclusivity with the multiplicity of deaf identity; the D iscapitalized to show affiliation to a cultural community and hard-of- hearing people who primarily use ASL for communication.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.52214/cswr.v20i1.9642
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • Resist, Regulate, Reimagine, and Reinforce: How Social Workers can
           Advocate for Digital Inclusion

    • Authors: Sarah Dillard
      Pages: 76 - 96
      Abstract: Algorithms have become more complex, creating artificial intelligence (AI) with the hope it will match human decision making. They are now being used behind-the-scenes in areas such as healthcare, housing and employment, and criminal justice. These computer formulas were created by a privileged set of individuals who often prioritized profitand growth over privacy and protection. This has led to gross injustices that have prevented marginalized communities from receiving care, finding jobs, or gaining freedom. Social workers must be able to digitally advocate for their clients. Resisting these technologies, regulating them through legislation, reimagining the role one can play, and reinforcing what is already experienced in day-to-day interactions with AI are all ways social workers can be involved in creating a world that is digitally inclusive.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.52214/cswr.v20i1.9643
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • A Tri-Country Analysis of the Effects of White Supremacy in Mental Health
           Practice and Proposed Policy Alternatives

    • Authors: Kristen M. Folkerts, Isra Merchant, Chenxi Yang
      Pages: 97 - 118
      Abstract: The goal of this paper is to take a closer look at mental health care policies in Nigeria, China, and the United States. These nations were selected for their demographic diversity as well as for the shared influence that European colonization, imperialism, and white supremacy culture have had on their equally diverse mental health policies and practices. How do historical and cultural perspectives affect different nations’ mental health policies and approaches (via a multi-nation comparison)' This analysis aims to tackle this question, discussing how cultural humility both currently and historically informs mental health treatment for non-white populations within the United State. In addition it examines imperialist and colonial mental health treatment of local populations in China and Nigeria. Finally, a global policy strategy is presented to promote the practice of cultural humility on a multinational scale. Keywords: Cultural humility, Decolonization, white supremacy, Global policy, Global mental health
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.52214/cswr.v20i1.9644
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • Transracial Adoption as Continued Oppression: Modern Practice in Context

    • Authors: Anisa Joy Leonard
      Pages: 119 - 140
      Abstract: Transracial adoption has existed as a mode of forced displacement and oppression throughout the history of the United States. Starting with Italian children, who were once racialized as non-white, non-white children in the United States have undergone systemic oppression resulting in forced separation from their biological parents. The displaced children have typically been placed with white parents who have not been adequately prepared to provide the culturally competent, trauma-informed care that the children need. As a result, transracially adopted children have historically struggled to form a sense of identity and have faced a wide range of physical and mental health vulnerabilities. Part I of this paper will present an overview of how transracial adoption has been implemented throughout U.S. history, discussing both past models (such as the Orphan Train) and contemporary models (such as the foster care system, domestic private adoptions, and the global adoption industry). Part II will draw connections between past and present implementations of transracial adoption, illustrating that the phenomenon is best understood as a continuation of previous forms of oppression. Part III will propose a number of recommendations for social workers to facilitate better outcomes for transracial adoptees.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.52214/cswr.v20i1.9645
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • Cyborg Liberation: Donna Haraway's Cyborg Feminism as an Emancipatory
           Model of Identity

    • Authors: Nicholas D. Tolliver
      Pages: 141 - 153
      Abstract: Donna Haraway’s concept of the cyborg is a radical archetype for emancipatory self-construction that models conscious reshaping of socially imposed identities. The cyborg represents the plasticity of our socially constructed identities: our ability to transcend the limits of prefabricated identities and overwrite oppressive, socially imposed roles. Understanding social construction through this lens gives social workers and clients the conceptual tools to deconstruct rigid identities—particularly those of gender identity—imposed by society. These identities are the subject of active political contestation; they are the product of economic, social, and cultural relations and institutions. The concept of the cyborg provides an emancipatory model that denaturalizes and destabilizes rigid essentialist binaries and instead recognizes the chimeric multiplicity of the individual. Keywords: cyborg, social construction, identity, gender, feminism
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.52214/cswr.v20i1.9646
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
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