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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 201 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted by number of followers
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access  
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access  
Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift     Open Access  
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  

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International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2524-5236 - ISSN (Online) 2524-5244
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • A Balancing Act: How Professionals in the Foster Care System Balance the
           Harm of Intimate Partner Violence as Compared to the Harm of Child Removal
           

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      Abstract: Abstract The striking prevalence of child exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and its associated adverse health outcomes necessitates a robust response from professionals who must grapple with the ethical dilemma of how to serve and support children in these circumstances. In 2020, 42 participants from four different professional backgrounds (attorneys, nonprofit leadership, licensed therapists, and social workers) were interviewed or participated in a focus group discussion. All groups acknowledged the shortfalls of current intervention practices, which often result in child removal. Group 1, which included social workers that work for children’s legal services, minor’s counsel, and Los Angeles Department of Child and Family Services social workers, were more conflicted in their recommendations for change. Some Group 1 participants recommended more training, while others thought more training would make little difference and recommended more substantial changes to prevent child removal when possible. Group 2, which included parents’ counsel, and Group 3, which included social workers, attorneys, and nonprofit leadership at IPV nonprofits, were more closely aligned in their recommendations, primarily focusing on systemic changes to the child welfare system. Participants whose employment required them to advocate for parents tend to view child removal from a non-offending parent as harmful for both the child and IPV survivor. These findings illuminate how the perspectives of these diverse participants are influenced by their professional and personal experiences.
      PubDate: 2024-03-01
       
  • Young Adults with Lived Foster Care Experience Who Later Experience
           Houselessness: an Exploratory Latent Class Analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract Young adults with lived experience in out-of-home care during childhood report later experiences of housing instability as common. Existing literature identifies a host of factors compounding an individual’s risk of experiencing houselessness, but research has yet to explore constellations of characteristics which describe youth formerly in care who later become unhoused. This exploratory study leverages a public–private data linkage collaborative to integrate and de-identify child welfare data extracted from a Rocky Mountain state’s administrative database and houselessness service utilization data from a regional provider in a large metro area of the state. Linkage and sampling yielded a final sample of 285 youth (ages 18 to 24) formerly in foster care who accessed houselessness services between December 2018 and March 2020 and who had signed required consents. A 22-measure latent class analysis identified three characteristic groups: intensive youth corrections involvement and emancipation from the child welfare system (32% of sample); family-based challenges, neglect, and more moderate youth corrections involvement (41% of sample); and youth behavior and substance use challenges along with family reunification before accessing houselessness services (26%). We found that young women and Black, Indigenous, and people of color were disproportionately represented in the sample compared to the state’s population of youth in out-of-home care. Youth with long histories of child welfare placement were a majority of the sample. Implications are discussed. Data-sharing barriers must be addressed to facilitate further research aimed at understanding houselessness within this population.
      PubDate: 2024-03-01
       
  • It’s Complicated: A Longitudinal Exploration of Young People’s
           Perceptions of Out-of-Home Care and Their Reflections on How to Change the
           Child Welfare System

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      Abstract: Abstract Few studies have systematically asked youth about their perceptions of placement in out-of-home care (OOHC), and no known longitudinal studies have explored how their perspectives change over time. In this mixed methods study, over 200 preadolescent children recently placed into OOHC were asked questions about the difficulty and helpfulness of placement and how their lives might be different had they not been removed. Participants were then asked these same questions when interviewed 10 years later as well as how they would change the child welfare system. At both ages, over 80% of participants reported that it was somewhat or very helpful to have been placed in OOHC. Although fewer young adults than pre-teens felt that their lives would have been better if they had never been removed from their homes, more young adults reported that it was very difficult to have been placed in OOHC. Many participants reported that they did not get enough information from their caseworkers and almost never had enough say about what happened to them while in OOHC. Demographic and psychosocial characteristics measured in both preadolescence and young adulthood were largely unrelated to ratings of placement in OOHC. Participant responses to the question about how they would change the child welfare system varied from “nothing” to impassioned responses about the need for change (e.g., better oversight, giving birth parents more time before removal, keeping siblings together). Data suggest, overwhelmingly, that the experiences of youth are nuanced and complicated, and they highlight the importance of youth voice in child welfare decision-making.
      PubDate: 2024-03-01
       
  • “You Only Know Me by Reports”: a Therapeutic Approach to
           Social Reports

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      Abstract: Abstract This article examines the role of social reports in care proceedings and their impact on the well-being of girls in residential care. Social reports detail girls’ social histories, including their family relationships, school performance, and social strengths, as well as whether they have a mental illness, use drugs, or have been abused or neglected. The social report is the most important document presented to the care-plan committee, and to the youth court judge prior to the court hearing. This article brings together themes from social work theories and legal academic fields, which merge in care proceedings. The findings conclude that there is a significant gap between how girls at risk experience their social reports versus the reports’ potential for improving their well-being. Based on the analysis of interviews with girls at risk in secure residential care in Israel, the author suggests how to reduce their objection to social reports and improve their well-being.
      PubDate: 2024-03-01
       
  • Understanding and Promoting Child Wellbeing After Child Welfare System
           Involvement: Progress Made and Challenges Ahead

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      Abstract: Abstract Although the negative repercussions of child abuse and neglect are well-established, many countries continue to struggle with mounting an effective and supportive response for children and families. The child welfare system—which takes varying forms depending on the time period and country—is the primary governmental institution tasked with responding to concerns about abuse and neglect. These systems face significant challenges in protecting and supporting children, as well as sustained criticism for their tactics and potential for inflicting harm. This commentary seeks to (1) take stock of major achievements in understanding, measuring, and tracking the nature and impacts of child welfare system involvement; (2) identify the key barriers that inhibit our understanding of CWS impacts on children’s wellbeing; and (3) suggest the elements of a research and evaluation agenda for moving the field forward.
      PubDate: 2024-03-01
       
  • Book Review of Katrin Križ and Mimi Petersen's "Children and Young
           People’s Participation in Child Protection: International Research and
           Practice Applications," Oxford University Press, 2023, ISBN:
           9780197622322

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      PubDate: 2024-01-20
       
  • Speak of the Unspeakable: The Sexual Abuse of Preverbal Children. A
           Commentary on Romano & Hayez’s (2023) “The Rape of Babies,
           Tracking of Cases and Treatment”

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      Abstract: Abstract This commentary is on Romano and Hayez’s (2023) article examining how the sexual abuse of preverbal children (typically babies aged 0–3 years) might be better detected and addressed. Comments offered in this work highlight the cruciality of the article for advancing preverbal children’s rights and for breaking the denial and silence there is about preverbal child sexual abuse (CSA). This commentary discusses the various issues existing in the beliefs and attitudes surrounding preverbal CSA and how these lead to limitations in dealing with it. Additionally, it spotlights a recent and shocking case of preverbal CSA that happened in Israel, to underline the potential importance of considering context in such cases, and to reiterate the importance of Romano and Hayez’s (2023) article. This is a critical and timely commentary, that brings attention to an overlooked and neglected issue, provides key insight and guidance for improving child protection, and joins the movement to speak up on behalf of those who cannot speak, aiming to empower children.
      PubDate: 2024-01-20
       
  • Personal Barriers to Reporting Child Maltreatment Among Early Childhood
           Education and Care Professionals

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      Abstract: Abstract The current study examined personal barriers that can prevent early childhood education and care (ECEC) professionals from reporting concerns of child maltreatment to child welfare services (CWS). The objectives were to identify different types of personal barriers and to examine differences in reporting according to employee characteristics. Norwegian ECEC professionals (N = 1369; 92% women; mean age, 44 years [SD = 11]) from 170 kindergartens completed e-questionnaires with 25 questions about personal barriers to reporting concerns of child maltreatment and questions about their own personal characteristics. Four barrier factors that underly the 25 different barriers were confirmed with factor analysis. The most endorsed personal barrier factor was “Negative consequences for the child,” which predicted barriers related to fear of negative consequences of reporting (e.g., to CWS). The second most important were the “Relationships” factor (barriers related to concerns about relationships with the child or parents), and the “Competence” factor (fear of misunderstanding and being unsure about guidelines). The least endorsed barrier factor (“Coworkers”) included fear of what superiors and coworkers might think. In general, ECEC professionals with less formal training and less work experience reported more personal barriers to reporting concerns of child maltreatment. The results are consistent with studies involving other professional groups. Better collaboration between ECEC providers and CWS is important to prevent child maltreatment. Future efforts to improve the detection and reporting of concerns of child maltreatment could consider focusing specifically on professionals with little formal training and little work experience.
      PubDate: 2024-01-18
       
  • Understanding Parenting Support in Rural Neighborhoods

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      Abstract: Abstract Official rates of child maltreatment in rural areas exceed rates within urban areas. Within urban-based research, neighborhood factors such as parenting support from neighbors have been found to affect parenting behaviors in important ways. Using in-depth interviews, the current study sought to understand parenting support from neighbors within rural areas. During the summer of 2021, virtual in-depth interviews were conducted with 26 parents in rural Michigan. Parents were recruited from three online community groups in Livingston County, Michigan, via Facebook. Participants had mixed feelings about whether their neighbors were helpful in supporting their parenting. Some participants reported that they had meaningful community connections related to parenting that were helpful to them in assisting with watching over their children, keeping their children safe, and sharing advice and resources. Other participants reported feelings of isolation. These participants reported feeling disconnected from their neighbors, having limited information about their neighbors, and being unsure about how their neighbors could be helpful to them in their parenting role. Many participants reported the importance of informal networks, but relied on individuals who were not in their direct geographic neighborhood for parenting support. The study suggests that findings from urban neighborhood research literature and the measures used to generate these findings may not apply within the rural context.
      PubDate: 2024-01-11
       
  • Examining Autistic and Non-Autistic Children’s Productivity in Response
           to Subtypes of Open-Ended Prompts

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      Abstract: Abstract Autistic children can experience memory and communication challenges that make reporting or recalling events difficult. Although open-ended prompts are generally considered the most effective question type, there is some debate about the utility of such prompts for autistic children. We systematically examined the responsiveness of autistic and non-autistic children to two main open-ended prompt subtypes: breadth and depth. Thirty-eight autistic and non-autistic children were interviewed about a short film they watched using a combination of breadth and depth prompts. Depth prompts yielded the most productive reports from children in both groups. Further, while autistic children gave shorter responses, their reports contained no fewer unique details than their non-autistic peers. These results have implications for investigative interviewers who should consider utilizing a combination of breadth and depth prompts with children diagnosed with autism. 135/150.
      PubDate: 2023-12-29
       
  • Effects of a Voluntary Hosting Program for Child Welfare Involved Families

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      Abstract: Abstract The number of children who are removed into formal foster care in the USA remains stubbornly high. To address this concern, child welfare agencies are seeking safe ways of diverting low-risk cases from formal foster care to informal alternative care. However, little is known about the outcomes and wellbeing of children who spend some time in informal placements, particularly in the homes of unrelated caregivers. The current study reports results from a pre-registered, experimental evaluation of Safe Families for Children, a voluntary hosting program for children whose parents are being investigated for child maltreatment. Drawing on a Bayesian paradigm, it analyzes the effects of the hosting program in both formative and summative randomized controlled trials conducted in downstate Illinois. Findings indicate that the intervention deflects alleged and indicated victims of maltreatment from the formal foster care system to the voluntary alternative care of host families. The program demonstrates positive or null effects across a variety of child welfare outcomes, including subsequent episodes of indicated maltreatment and return to or maintenance in the parental home. Findings from this work contribute to the ongoing debate about the benefits and risks of informal non-kin care as a preventive alternative to the removal of children into formal foster care.
      PubDate: 2023-12-06
       
  • Is the Country Where a Child Lives Explanatory for Exposure to Physical
           Punishments' Examining Patterns on the Island of Hispaniola

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      Abstract: Abstract Determining if where a child lives (country in the case of this study) is explanatory for exposure to physical punishments is often complicated by confounders. This study determined the odds of exposure to physical punishment for children living in the Dominican Republic (DR) and Haiti, the two countries that share the island of Hispaniola, after adjusting for a set of variables (socioeconomic, demographic, and belief about physical punishment). Three household samples with children between 1 and 14 years of age were extracted from national survey data from Haiti (2016–2017) and the DR (2014): (i) Haitian-Creole-speaking households in Haiti (“Creole-Haiti”) (n = 6009), (ii) Spanish-speaking households in the DR (“Spanish-DR”) (n = 17,094), and (iii) Haitian-Creole-speaking households in the DR (“Creole-DR) (n = 1123). The latter group provides an opportunity to contrast an immigrant population with populations from the site of immigration and emigration. Children in Creole-Haiti compared to Spanish-DR households had higher odds of exposure to all six physical punishments in unadjusted models, which drop to four after covariate adjustment. Children in Creole-DR households had higher odds of exposure to two physical punishments compared to Spanish-DR households and lower odds of exposure to four physical punishments compared to Creole-Haiti households in adjusted models. The persistence of differences in the odds of punishment exposures between groups, despite adjusting for several potential confounders, suggests the need for further inquiry into other factors associated with where a child lives to understand variation in punishment practices. Additional study of immigrant populations may be particularly informative.
      PubDate: 2023-12-05
       
  • Where Are the Children': Addiction Workers’ Knowledge of Clients’
           Offspring and Related Risks

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      Abstract: Abstract Parental substance use can harm and increase risk to children. Accurate reporting and monitoring by addiction staff is essential to support and protect families and children. The caseloads of 8 nurses and 12 social care workers (736 service users) were reviewed for offspring related information. 62.8% of service users were parents, 38.3% of those being parents of children aged 16 years and under. Data were available on 913 offspring, 475 (52%) aged 16 or under. 32% of the total offspring sample, and of the 16 and under sample, lived with a family member who was not the parent receiving treatment and had no social work involvement. Seven offspring (0.8%) were deceased—a two-fold increase in mortality rate compared to the general population, highlighting the increased risk of harm experienced by the offspring of this group of parents. In the records of 53 parents (11.5%; 68 children), there was a discrepancy between the electronic records and staff knowledge about children aged 16 and under. Of these 68 children, 56 (11.8%) were recorded on the electronic system but not reported by the care manager, and 12 (2.5%) were only reported by the care manager but were not recorded on the electronic system. Worryingly, there might also be children who are neither on electronic systems nor known to staff. Due to these discrepancies in recording and the increased risks to these children, we recommend that addiction staff routinely asks service users if they are parents and who provides care for their children.
      PubDate: 2023-12-01
       
  • Correction to: What Frontline Professionals Need to Combat Child
           Maltreatment Online

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2023-09-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-023-00172-x
       
  • Correction to: Working Towards Prevention for Families At-Risk of Child
           Maltreatment—Meeting Families’ Needs through Community Response in
           Colorado

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      PubDate: 2023-09-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-023-00176-7
       
  • Correction: Primary Care and Behavioral Health Services Use Differ Among
           Medicaid-Enrolled Children by Initial Foster Care Entry Status

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      PubDate: 2023-09-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-023-00177-6
       
  • Correction to: “I’m Glad that I Was Given a Second Chance to Live”:
           The Buffering Impact of Turning Points in the Lives of Young People with
           Foster Care Experience

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2023-09-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-023-00178-5
       
  • Correction to: Commentary on Kempe, the Next 50 Years

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      PubDate: 2023-09-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-023-00174-9
       
  • Correction to: Developing an Ecological Model of Turnover Intent:
           Associations Among Child Welfare Caseworkers’ Characteristics, Lived
           Experience, Professional Attitudes, Agency Culture, and Proclivity to
           Leave

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2023-09-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-023-00175-8
       
  • Correction to: Understanding the Effects of COVID-19 on Child Maltreatment
           Reporting Among Rural Versus Urban Communities in the United States

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      PubDate: 2023-09-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-023-00173-w
       
 
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  First | 1 2        [Sort alphabetically]   [Restore default list]

  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 201 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted by number of followers
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access  
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access  
Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift     Open Access  
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  

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Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
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