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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 243 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
ACOSS Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
African Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Argumentum     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bakti Budaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
British Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 104)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ConCienciaSocial     Open Access  
Contemporary Rural Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Critical and Radical Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Critical Social Work : An Interdisciplinary Journal Dedicated to Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Trabajo Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Developmental Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
ECI Interdisciplinary Journal for Legal and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
European Journal of Social Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Social Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Global Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
HOLISTICA ? Journal of Business and Public Administration     Open Access  
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Housing Policy Debate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Care and Caring     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Islamic Counseling : Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Janus Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti     Open Access  
Journal for Specialists in Group Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Baccalaureate Social Work     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Comparative Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Danubian Studies and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Family Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Forensic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Human Rights and Social Work     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 394)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 235)
Journal of Public Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 205)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Jurnal Guidena : Journal of Guidance and counseling, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Leidfaden : Fachmagazin für Krisen, Leid, Trauer     Hybrid Journal  
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access  
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research     Open Access  
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 239)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Prospectiva : Revista de Trabajo Social e Intervención Social     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psikopedagogia : Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Brasileira de Tecnologias Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Serviço Social em Perspectiva     Open Access  
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
SER Social     Open Access  
Service social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Serviço Social & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Sexualidad, Salud y Sociedad (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access  
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Care and Neurodisability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 212)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2524-5236 - ISSN (Online) 2524-5244
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2658 journals]
  • Challenges in the Prevention of Child Maltreatment in Pakistan: an
           Interplay of the Culture and the Context

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: This article explores the cultural and other characteristics of Pakistan that affect the prevention of child maltreatment in that country. It provides the demographic, economic, social, political, and administrative context in which cultural beliefs, values, and norms, such as hierarchies of gender, age, and class; patriarchy; centrality of family and community in social life; and religious conservatism are practiced. How the interplay between the culture and the broader context of the country affect the prevention of child maltreatment is demonstrated through an analysis of three forms of maltreatment common in Pakistan, namely: corporal punishment of children; child marriage and other harmful traditional practices; and child sexual abuse. The cultural composition of Pakistan, as well as people’s adherence to traditional practices, mass illiteracy (which hinders change), poverty, apathy of the state’s elitist apparatus towards masses, and the state’s inability to enforce laws, all make local culture an important determinant of the prevention of child maltreatment. As a way forward, the potential role of civil society, community, and the family as an institution is explored. It is concluded that for Pakistan to effectively address its serious child maltreatment issues, debating merely the role of culture is not going to help as it is in the country’s particular demographic, economic, social, political, and administrative context that cultural norms, values, and practices affect child maltreatment, and therefore, it has to invest in its socioeconomic development and governance to accelerate cultural change related to prevention of child maltreatment.
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
       
  • Who to Tell' A Latent Class Analysis of Adolescents’ Intentions to
           Disclose Dating Violence

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      Abstract: Adolescents’ willingness to disclose violence in romantic relationships has important implications for their safety and overall well-being. However, research is limited on adolescent intentions to seek help for dating violence. Using self-report data from 493 rural youth (54% male, 49.7% African American), this study examined heterogeneity of adolescent help-seeking in relation to different forms of violence and sources of potential disclosure. Latent class analyses identified four distinct groups of adolescents: (a) multi-help-seekers (20.5%) who are likely to seek help for any form of dating violence from multiple sources, (b) reluctant help-seekers (21.1%) who are unlikely to seek help for any form of violence from any source, (c) informal help-seekers (28.8%) who are willing to disclose dating violence primarily to caregivers and friends, and (d) selective help-seekers (29.5%) with varied intentions to disclose some forms of violence to select people. Results further revealed that class membership was differentially related to gender and caregiver’s level of education. Additionally, findings confirmed expectations that variation in adolescent well-being and safety measures was a function of membership in help-seeking classes. The article discusses these findings in the context of targeted programs and services to promote help-seeking among rural youth.
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
       
  • Listening, Learning and Collaborating Through an Inclusive National
           Framework for Protecting Australia’s Children

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      Abstract: The National Framework for Protecting Australia’s Children provides unifying policy and priorities for the 6 states and 2 territories with jurisdiction over child protection. The 2021–2030 Framework will address specific and important problems in order to achieve tangible improvements on key performance indicators. An argument is presented for adding to the Framework both principles and theoretical models to safeguard integrity in the myriad programs trialled under a public health umbrella. A public health approach will not necessarily avoid institutional pathways of oppression in child protection. Such pathways silence the voices of children, families and carers. Explicit reference is required in the Framework to principles for community engagement and to theoretical models that provide normative guidance for managing diverse harmful circumstances. Collective hope, restorative justice and responsive regulation are useful for reining in oppression, while accepting that some circumstances require the judicious use of state control.
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
       
  • Protecting Sexually Abused Children with Intellectual Disability in the
           Emerging Child Protection System in China: a Case Study

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      Abstract: This case study examined how a case of sexual abuse of a young girl with intellectual disability by her father/guardian was brought to light, reported, investigated, and prosecuted, and the outcomes of the case. The case study examines how the child’s rights were protected and the social support provisions which were provided to the victims. This case study highlights the strengths and gaps in China’s emerging child protection system. A key strength was the adoption of a child rights perspective, with the child’s interests considered and prioritised at each stage of the process. A weakness was that while the child protection system offers protection to children who are victims of sexual abuse, the special needs of children with intellectual disability do not receive adequate support/special consideration. A further weakness was the lack of professional social worker involvement in decisions about placement options and the best interests of the child. The article discusses the implications of these findings for the emerging system and how the difficulties can be addressed.
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
       
  • Status of the Children of Fishing Community of Southern India: an
           Empirical Study

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      Abstract: The study examined the status of the children of the fishing community in terms of general care from parents, nutrition, education, health care and safety. Four clusters from Puducherry and Tamil Nadu were randomly selected by considering the geographical spread of the location. 103 children, 46 from Tamil Nadu and 57 from Puducherry were found from these clusters. The study combined both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods like semi-structured questionnaires, informal interviews and case studies. About 44.7% children reported to have not received proper care from the parents, solely because of poverty, family violence and father’s personality and/or alcohol dependence. 63.1% reported not getting adequate nutrition. All the children from the present study are attending school regularly and 63.1% reported getting support from parents for school tuition fees, uniforms and study materials. 83.5% reported that they were not able to understand the lessons taught in the class. All the children were immunized. Only one-third (30.1%) of children were fortunate to get quality time with parents for discussing personal issues and problems. About two-fifths (41.7%) reported to have not shared personal problems with parents. Female children were found to get better care as compared to their male counterparts (p < .01). 86.4% experienced physical abuse, and 22.7% had experienced psychological abuse and sexual abuse. Male children experienced more physical abuse (p < .001). 42.7% witnessed family violence. The case studies provided a clear picture about the status of the children. Children from the community need healthy family environment, quality education and sense of security.
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
       
  • Cyber Safety of Children in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
           (ASEAN) Region: a Critical Review of Legal Frameworks and Policy
           Implications

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      Abstract: The present study aimed to critically review the legal frameworks on cyber safety of children living in the member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and related policy implications. Data for the present research were collected from secondary sources. The results revealed numerous inconsistencies among the ASEAN countries in legislation pertaining to the online safety of children. The present study argues that these inconsistencies could be used by criminals to easily exploit children. The study identified loopholes in legislation on age of consent, possession of child pornography, cyber bullying and sexual grooming of children. Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore and Vietnam have no clear definition of the term child pornography, which means it may be possible for criminals to evade conviction for production, possession and distribution of child pornography. Legislation in Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar and Vietnam does not prohibit an individual from possessing child pornography. Only three ASEAN nations have a legal framework regarding child grooming for sexual purposes, while only two have policies regarding cyberbullying, and just three ASEAN nations have a formal global alliance with international law enforcement initiatives. Based on these findings, the study argues that the legal inconsistencies among ASEAN nations might result in cross-border sexual abuse and exploitation of children. Accordingly, it is suggested that countries in the ASEAN region need to urgently identify these legal inconsistencies and collaborate to improve the safety of their children in cyberspace.
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
       
  • Examining the Prospects for Developing a National Child Maltreatment
           Surveillance System in Ireland

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      Abstract: The Irish Government pledged to reducing the prevalence of child maltreatment under the WHO Regional Committee for Europe plan on reducing child maltreatment. As a first step towards a rights-based and public health approach to maltreatment prevention, the WHO plan recommends making child maltreatment more visible across the region, with better surveillance through the use of national surveys that use standardized, validated instruments. We review the policy context, present current Irish data holdings, and outline some of the complexities reported in the literature concerning various surveillance methods in the context of the proposal to establish and maintain a surveillance system for CM in Ireland. Conclusions highlight the need for Ireland to adopting an approach to surveillance as soon as it is feasible. The paper outlines how such a programme is necessary to address the current absence of evidence on which prevention policies can be developed and to compliment the current child protection system. Drawing on a review of current methods in use internationally, we outline options for an Irish child maltreatment surveillance programme.
      PubDate: 2021-10-10
       
  • Child Sexual Abuse in Pakistan: Evidence-informed Policy Framework

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2021-09-20
       
  • Mothers in Mind: Exploring the Efficacy of a Dyadic Group Parenting
           Intervention for Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence and
           Their Young Children

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Identifying and responding to the mental health needs of young children (0–4 years) exposed to intimate partner violence is one of the most pressing issues confronting child mental health and welfare sectors today. Children exposed to IPV (CEIPV) are at an increased risk of experiencing maltreatment, developing emotional and behavioral problems, and experiencing other adversities (Kimball, Journal of Family Violence, 31, 625–637, 2016). Among the range of protective factors that can mitigate against this impact is a strong relationship with, and attachment to, a primary caregiver (Holt, Buckley, & Whelan, Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 797–810, 2008). Despite this, there are few evidenced-based programs which address the unique parenting supports required by women who experience domestic violence, while simultaneously attending to the unique developmental and psycho-social needs of exposed young children (Austin, Shanahan, Barrios, & Macy, Trauma, Violence and Abuse, 20(4), 498–519, 2019). This article describes the development and preliminary evaluation of Mothers in Mind, a trauma-informed, dyadic, mother–child intervention program designed to meet this need. Analyses of data from 36 mother–child dyads who completed pre- and post-group evaluation find that, after program completion, mothers report greater parenting self-efficacy, healthier parenting, and enhanced psychological well-being. The importance of relational capacity building in mother–child dyads impacted by violence and suggestions for future avenues for research and intervention are explored.
      PubDate: 2021-09-16
       
  • The challenge of Defining Child Sexual Abuse in the Developing Child
           Protection System in China

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      Abstract: China is in the process of developing a comprehensive child protection system, including processes for preventing and responding to child sexual abuse (CSA). Underpinning the new system are changes in the legal provisions dealing with different aspects of CSA. A clear definition of CSA is important for developing effective policies and processes for responding to different types of sexual abuse. Drawing on legal documents, media reports and a review of empirical research on the prevalence and incidence of CSA in China, the article discusses the components of a comprehensive definition of CSA, including the nature of the incident, the characteristics of the abuser and victim and the context in which abuse takes place. The definition has to be sensitive to the legal and cultural history and context of China. The article compares the legal definition with definitions used by epidemiologists and other researchers, and then discusses the continuing gaps and challenges for the emerging system to fully protect children subject to CSA. These include the gendered nature of some provisions, challenges in defining “child” in the context of CSA and addressing the issue of “informed consent” in research and legislation.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
       
  • Parent–Teacher Non-Acceptance to Early Gender-Diverse Behaviours of
           Transgender Children

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      Abstract: Discrimination and stigma that is shown towards gender-diverse children by society are matters of serious concern for social scientists in India. Lack of awareness about the gender diversity is the key to society’s intolerance towards children who identify as gender diverse. Unfortunately, parents and teachers are also acting as the torchbearers of the gender binary and maltreat the children, who are growing up at homes and schools. Thus, early identification of the gender preferences of children becomes cumbersome and leads to denial of their right to personal security. The present study attempted to understand the parents’ and teachers’ attitudes towards early identification of gender-diverse behaviour as perceived by the grown-up children aged between 18 and 42. This study was conducted among adult trans-persons of Puducherry, India, and data was obtained by using a semi-structured questionnaire, an in-depth interview, case study, and focus group discussions. Responses of the subjects revealed that they perceived a distinct lack of support from parents and teachers during the process of gender identification. Social stigma and poor knowledge about the issue that cause abuse, violence, marginalisation, and oppression from family and school were perceived by the subjects. The need for the sensitisation of parents and teachers in supporting children, who require special attention, is enormous. Practitioners, researchers and NGOs should take proactive measures to address these issues through evidence-based intervention strategies adaptable to the Indian cultural milieu. Ignorance of the issues and challenges of trans-persons at an early age by the parents, teachers, policymakers and larger society would be an unhelpful gesture towards this community.
      PubDate: 2021-09-13
       
  • Paramedics Encounters with Children Exposed to Domestic Violence:
           Identifying and Overcoming Barriers to Sound Responses

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      Abstract: When paramedics attend incidents of domestic violence, and children are present, they are simultaneously positioned to identify and respond to children exposed to domestic violence. Few paramedics report children exposed to domestic violence to either domestic violence or child protection services, typically citing uncertainty over reporting and referral responsibility. The spectrum of repercussions for children creates challenges as well as opportunities for paramedics to be educated and trained on optimal ways to respond. This article considers the role of the paramedic when they encounter children exposed to domestic violence. It is informed by research on parental characteristics related to mental illness, drug and alcohol misuse and domestic violence that often accompany other forms of child maltreatment. The article reports the results of a qualitative study of Queensland Ambulance Service paramedics, examining challenges and barriers impacting paramedics when they encounter children exposed to domestic violence. Research participants revealed key barriers to effective responses, these included breaching the privacy of families, their interpretation of mandatory reporting laws, limited time on scene and uncertainty on how to respond based on an absence of clear policy guidelines and training on child maltreatment in the context of domestic violence. Analysis of the experiences, and the ways paramedics understand child exposure to domestic violence, provides an opportunity to consider strategies to respond in such situations. Recommendations are made for ambulance services to develop policy incorporating education and training on the role of paramedics when they encounter children exposed to domestic violence.
      PubDate: 2021-09-07
       
  • The Prevention of Child Maltreatment: Using SafeCare® to Highlight
           Successes and Needs for Improvement in Prevention Efforts

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      Abstract: Child maltreatment is a public health problem of considerable magnitude. Though substantial progress has been made in the prevention of child maltreatment, one incident of maltreatment is one too many. Intervention and/or prevention efforts must always be dynamic. In this commentary, we highlight recent prevention and policy efforts in the United States, using SafeCare, an evidence-based parent support program with a focus on the prevention of neglect, as an example. We describe broad-scale implementation efforts and offer a vision for what the field must do to realize public heath impact, highlighting recent advances of parent support models in policy, advocacy, and programs. Strategies that might improve current efforts are suggested to ensure the field not become static.
      PubDate: 2021-09-04
       
  • Associations Between Case, Staff, and Agency Characteristics and the
           Decision to Place a Child in Out-of-Home Care

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      Abstract: Typically, when children are placed into out-of-home care due to child maltreatment concerns, people assume that this decision is based on action or inaction on behalf of the child’s caregivers. While such elements are likely the main drivers of the decision, a growing body of research suggests that other factors contribute to caseworkers’ decisions on the child welfare cases they serve. Drawing from the decision-making ecology (DME), this study examines the extent to which caseworker and organizational factors, in addition to case characteristics, play a role in decisions to remove a child from their home. Survey data from 118 investigation or assessment workers in a southeastern state were paired with administrative data from 10,568 child protective services (CPS) responses assigned to the surveyed workers for analysis. Multi-level modeling (cases, and cases within workers) results identified that, controlling for case characteristics and using 95% confidence intervals, workers who were male (aOR: 0.71 [0.50–0.998]), perceived the agency as more supportive (aOR: 0.87 [0.80–0.94]), and those indicating a strong orientation towards family preservation compared to child safety (aOR: 0.58 [0.42–0.81]) were associated with lower odds of placing children into out-of-home care. Staff who felt more cohesion with their co-workers (aOR: 1.37 [1.19–1.57]) were more likely to place children on their caseloads. These results indicate that the current system of decision-making and case trajectories are prone to influences from caseworkers’ personal biases and perceptions of support. Implications for CPS workforce selection, development, support, and case assignment are discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Characteristics of an Effective Child Protection System in the European
           and International Contexts

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      Abstract: In the European context, an understanding that States are responsible for an effective child protection system is well established. Further, all 47 members of the CoE have adopted the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and all European countries have ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Thus, States have come to understand their responsibility in terms of the child’s right to protection. The aim of this article is to explicate core elements of an effective child protection system within a child’s rights framework. This aim is accomplished by highlighting and providing analysis of the principles set forth in the CRC and further elaborated in General Comment No. 13 (2011) and by the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the main components of policies and other relevant documents of the European Union (EU) and the Council of Europe (CoE), and caselaw from the European Court of Human Rights (ECrtHR) and then presenting recommendations for an effective State-run child protection system.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Maltreated Children in Emergency Centers: Do They Participate' And how
           Satisfied Are They'

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      Abstract: The study compared the perspective of children aged 8–14 who were in emergency centers to the point of view of the professionals working in the emergency centers, with regard to the children's satisfaction and their participation in making decisions about them. The study involved 147 professionals and 47 children from eight emergency centers who were sampled in a convenience sample. The professionals and the children filled out an anonymous questionnaire. The findings revealed that most (85%) of the professionals were satisfied with the treatment that the children received in emergency centers, while the percentage of children who were satisfied was much lower (66%). In addition, most (91.5%) of the children believed that children had the right to participate in decision-making, while the proportion of professionals who thought so was less than half. It was also found that according to the perception of professionals, children are more involved in decision-making during their stay in an emergency center than in the children's perception of their participation. It is worth examining the professionals' perception of the children's satisfaction with the stay and treatment at the emergency center and the extent to which they participate in decisions on their matter and compare it with the children's perspective. Gaps in perceptions may lead to a change in policy and practice to increase the compatibility between professionals and children.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Where Is the Village' Care Leaver Early Parenting, Social Isolation
           and Surveillance Bias

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      Abstract: Young people transitioning from out-of-home care (termed care leavers) are known to be a relatively vulnerable group. One example is their over-representation in early pregnancy and parenting. This paper presents findings from a study of care leaver early parenting in the Australian state of Victoria. Sixteen service provider staff working with care leavers who had become young parents were asked, via focus groups and interviews, for their perspectives on the factors that influence the high prevalence of early parenting amongst care leavers, and the key support services that are available and necessary to assist both care leavers and their children. Service providers raised multiple issues common to the existing leaving care literature concerning the lack of support provided to young people being exited from state care as potentially leading to both early parenting and parenting challenges. Service providers also expressed concern about what many studies of care leaver early parenting have termed ‘surveillance bias’. There was a clear consensus that young people transitioning from care face unique challenges and social isolation due to their difficult experiences pre-care, in-care and post-care. Those experiences place them at risk of disadvantages that impede their ability to demonstrate the practical, physical and financial means to safely raise children. At the same time, they are under greater scrutiny than other parents by being known to child protection already. Service providers argued in favour of greater support for young care leaver parents to prevent their children’s engagement with child protection systems.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • “It is a matter of life or death”: Spotlighting Children in the
           Context of HIPD as Perceived by Frontline Practitioners

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      Abstract: It is a wide consensus that high-intensity parental disputes (HIPD) might result in negative ramifications for children. The current study wishes to advance the knowledge regarding what children undergo during the acute time of the dispute, as portrayed by experienced frontline social workers mandated by the court to intervene with parents and their children in the context of HIPD. Ninety-four social workers participated in ten focus groups and five in-depth interviews. A thorough analysis of the narratives revealed three main themes. The first relates to their tremendous fear for the children’s wellbeing, often displayed by the words “burn” and “death.” The second theme addresses the practitioners’ reflections with respect to the various experiences the children undergo during the acute time of HIPD and their risk assessments. The third theme addresses the practitioners’ struggle in identifying how to protect the children during these times. The discussion spotlights the exposure of children to HIPD as a prolonged and chronic risk, with potentially adverse emotional and physical impacts. Key conclusions address the need to advance children’s rights and the protection of children in the context of HIPD.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • In the Best Interest of the Child: the Norwegian Approach to Child
           Protection

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      Abstract: In the present paper, we discuss three challenges with the Norwegian Child Protective System (CPS) that might have contributed to the recent criticism from the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). First, how to balance the rights of the child with those of the parents. Second, the psychological field’s influence on the interpretation of what constitutes the best interest of the child, and third we describe several missing links in the CPS work. Throughout the paper, we find indications of a well-developed Act, but a less optional CPS practice. Likewise, we find evidence for a narrow interpretation of the best interest of the child related to CPS and expert psychologists’ application of attachment theory, and several organizational and educational shortcomings in the area of CPS. We conclude that the child is not fully seen as a legal subject in the eyes of the ECtHR, and that more research into CPS measures and organization are needed to better deliver adequate assistance to vulnerable families.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • The Influence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), Including the
           COVID-19 Pandemic, and Toxic Stress on Development and Health Outcomes of
           Latinx Children in the USA: a Review of the Literature

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      Abstract: The purpose of this review is to synthesize existing literature to analyze the influence of the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), including the COVID-19 pandemic, and toxic stress on child development and lifelong health outcomes of Latinx children in the USA, utilizing the ACE framework. Without adequate protective factors, children’s early experiences with adversity and toxic stress have implications for their physiological, psychological, and social health. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown to exacerbate childhood adversity and toxic stress and has disproportionately harmed Latinx communities. In applying the ACE framework to US-Latinx populations, relevant findings concerning a potential failure of ACEs to accurately capture Latinx experiences of adversity were highlighted, as well as the need to classify the COVID-19 pandemic as an ACE. Research suggest that first-generation Latinx immigrants report lower-than-average rates of ACEs despite the various disparities ethnic minorities face in the USA. A discussion on whether this health paradox arises because of the failure of ACEs to properly identify adverse experiences unique to immigrants or if it is related with immigrant families’ protective cultural factors. The compounding experiences of discrimination, immigration anxieties, and now also pandemic-related hardship that have the potential to harm Latinx children’s cognitive, emotional, and physical development were highlighted. Evidence-based interventions that were discussed in this report include promotion of resiliency through healthy adult relationships, policies that screen for ACEs early on in a child’s life, trauma-informed care and innovative treatment programs, and strengthening existing protective services through financial and political support.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
 
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