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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACOSS Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
African Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Argumentum     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access  
Bakti Budaya     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
British Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access  
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ConCienciaSocial     Open Access  
Contemporary Rural Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Critical and Radical Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Cuadernos de Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
European Journal of Social Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Social Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Global Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Groupwork     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
HOLISTICA ? Journal of Business and Public Administration     Open Access  
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Housing Policy Debate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Care and Caring     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Islamic Counseling : Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam     Open Access  
Janus Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti     Open Access  
Journal for Specialists in Group Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Comparative Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Danubian Studies and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Family Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Forensic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Human Rights and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 278)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129)
Journal of Public Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access  
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Leidfaden : Fachmagazin für Krisen, Leid, Trauer     Hybrid Journal  
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access  
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research     Open Access  
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri     Open Access  
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 141)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Prospectiva : Revista de Trabajo Social e Intervención Social     Open Access  
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Serviço Social em Perspectiva     Open Access  
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Service social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access  
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 112)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Social Work & Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Social Work / Maatskaplike Werk     Open Access  
Social Work and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Work Education: The International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Social Work With Groups     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2524-5236 - ISSN (Online) 2524-5244
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • The Housing Pathways and Experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait
           Islander Youth as They Transition from out of Home Care in Victoria and
           Western Australia

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract It is well established that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people are over-represented in Australian child protection and out-of-home care systems. Despite this, there has been limited analysis of their exit from care pathways. This study, based on interviews with 10 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth from Victoria and Western Australia (who were a sub-set of a larger study of 34 care leavers), examined their transition experiences and outcomes in relation to accessing stable and affordable housing. While all care leavers spoke of poor or non-existent transition planning, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander participants were more likely to report incidences of homelessness and more complex experiences in a range of areas. Importantly, the group identified a need for culturally appropriate service models which built on and enhanced cultural and kinship connections.
      PubDate: 2022-04-24
       
  • Teaching Professionals about Trauma-Informed Practice for Children and
           their Families: a Toolkit for Practitioners

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      Abstract: Abstract Trauma-informed care has become the gold standard for treating children and families who have been exposed to traumatic events. However, it is not always clear to practitioners what such care involves. This article describes a training program for professionals designed by the Haruv Institute in Jerusalem, Israel, which teaches the elements of trauma-informed interventions. The program includes theoretical knowledge regarding trauma and its effects on children and parents and parenting, as well as skills that may be employed when working with this population. It is presented as a toolkit whose various elements may be added to the professional’s therapeutic repertoire. This training program has been well received and, for many, is considered a “game changer” regarding how professionals see their therapeutic role. However, it often creates a need for more intensive training in some of the elements of the intervention, such as talking with children about trauma, psycho-educational groups, and interventions that promote emotional regulation. Thus, the trauma-informed training program may be seen as a base to which additional, more advanced training modules may be added.
      PubDate: 2022-03-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-022-00114-z
       
  • Correction to: Examining the Prospects for Developing a National Child
           Maltreatment Surveillance System in Ireland

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00101-w
       
  • Invited Commentary: How Does Culture Matter in Child Maltreatment

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract This invited commentary considers how the cultural context matters in understanding child maltreatment.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00100-x
       
  • Escalation of Police Efficiency Diminishes POCSO Incidences—Myth or
           Reality' Evidence from Indian States

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      Abstract: Abstract The sexual abuse of children is an under-reported offence in India. In reality, child sexual abuse has outreached to epidemic status. The present study aims to explore how much police efficiency and other social, economic and demographic factors influence child sexual abuse, registered under the “Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO)” Act, for Indian states and union territory. The study is entirely based on the latest available cross-sectional secondary data mainly compiled from National Crime Record Bureau, India, for 2018. The empirical analysis is facilitated by utilising “data envelopment analysis”, “ordinary least square regression” and “quantile regression”. The empirical results suggest that higher police efficiency helps in reducing reported POCSO incidences. The quantile regression analysis reveals a paradoxical result that a higher literacy rate enhances reported POCSO incidences. The children are found to be vulnerable to the crime committed by the known persons. This effect is found to be stronger in the upper quantile of depression than the median quantile. The study ends with suitable policy suggestions.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00104-7
       
  • The Prevention of Child Maltreatment: Using SafeCare® to Highlight
           Successes and Needs for Improvement in Prevention Efforts

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Child maltreatment is a public health problem of considerable magnitude. Though substantial progress has been made in the prevention of child maltreatment, one incident of maltreatment is one too many. Intervention and/or prevention efforts must always be dynamic. In this commentary, we highlight recent prevention and policy efforts in the United States, using SafeCare, an evidence-based parent support program with a focus on the prevention of neglect, as an example. We describe broad-scale implementation efforts and offer a vision for what the field must do to realize public heath impact, highlighting recent advances of parent support models in policy, advocacy, and programs. Strategies that might improve current efforts are suggested to ensure the field not become static.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00090-w
       
  • Who to Tell' A Latent Class Analysis of Adolescents’ Intentions to
           Disclose Dating Violence

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      Abstract: Abstract Adolescents’ willingness to disclose violence in romantic relationships has important implications for their safety and overall well-being. However, research is limited on adolescent intentions to seek help for dating violence. Using self-report data from 493 rural youth (54% male, 49.7% African American), this study examined heterogeneity of adolescent help-seeking in relation to different forms of violence and sources of potential disclosure. Latent class analyses identified four distinct groups of adolescents: (a) multi-help-seekers (20.5%) who are likely to seek help for any form of dating violence from multiple sources, (b) reluctant help-seekers (21.1%) who are unlikely to seek help for any form of violence from any source, (c) informal help-seekers (28.8%) who are willing to disclose dating violence primarily to caregivers and friends, and (d) selective help-seekers (29.5%) with varied intentions to disclose some forms of violence to select people. Results further revealed that class membership was differentially related to gender and caregiver’s level of education. Additionally, findings confirmed expectations that variation in adolescent well-being and safety measures was a function of membership in help-seeking classes. The article discusses these findings in the context of targeted programs and services to promote help-seeking among rural youth.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00098-2
       
  • Paramedics Encounters with Children Exposed to Domestic Violence:
           Identifying and Overcoming Barriers to Sound Responses

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      Abstract: Abstract When paramedics attend incidents of domestic violence, and children are present, they are simultaneously positioned to identify and respond to children exposed to domestic violence. Few paramedics report children exposed to domestic violence to either domestic violence or child protection services, typically citing uncertainty over reporting and referral responsibility. The spectrum of repercussions for children creates challenges as well as opportunities for paramedics to be educated and trained on optimal ways to respond. This article considers the role of the paramedic when they encounter children exposed to domestic violence. It is informed by research on parental characteristics related to mental illness, drug and alcohol misuse and domestic violence that often accompany other forms of child maltreatment. The article reports the results of a qualitative study of Queensland Ambulance Service paramedics, examining challenges and barriers impacting paramedics when they encounter children exposed to domestic violence. Research participants revealed key barriers to effective responses, these included breaching the privacy of families, their interpretation of mandatory reporting laws, limited time on scene and uncertainty on how to respond based on an absence of clear policy guidelines and training on child maltreatment in the context of domestic violence. Analysis of the experiences, and the ways paramedics understand child exposure to domestic violence, provides an opportunity to consider strategies to respond in such situations. Recommendations are made for ambulance services to develop policy incorporating education and training on the role of paramedics when they encounter children exposed to domestic violence.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00091-9
       
  • Using the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) to Characterise Parenting
           Interventions to Prevent Intergenerational Child Abuse

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract   Research shows that parents with a history of child abuse are at risk of perpetuating the cycle of abuse; however, exploration of intervention content is still a neglected area. This qualitative study identifies intervention components and corresponding mechanisms of change of parenting interventions to prevent intergenerational child abuse. Interviews with ten heads of interventions from the UK and USA were coded using deductive framework analysis. The Behaviour Change Technique (BCT) Taxonomy and Behaviour Change Wheel were used to code intervention components including BCTs and intervention functions. Mechanisms of change were coded using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Twelve BCTs and eight intervention functions were identified including education, enablement and training delivered through BCTs of instruction on how to perform a behaviour, restructuring the environment and social support. Corresponding mechanisms of change include behaviour regulation, knowledge and social influences, among others. This study offers insight into targeting and tailoring services to improve outcomes for parents with a history of child abuse. Findings suggest that there are possible mechanisms through which vulnerable parents can be helped to break the cycle of abuse including promoting social support, regulating parents’ behaviour through trauma-informed approaches and enhancing knowledge, self-esteem and confidence in parenting.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00103-8
       
  • Mothers in Mind: Exploring the Efficacy of a Dyadic Group Parenting
           Intervention for Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence and
           Their Young Children

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      Abstract: Abstract Identifying and responding to the mental health needs of young children (0–4 years) exposed to intimate partner violence is one of the most pressing issues confronting child mental health and welfare sectors today. Children exposed to IPV (CEIPV) are at an increased risk of experiencing maltreatment, developing emotional and behavioral problems, and experiencing other adversities (Kimball, Journal of Family Violence, 31, 625–637, 2016). Among the range of protective factors that can mitigate against this impact is a strong relationship with, and attachment to, a primary caregiver (Holt, Buckley, & Whelan, Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 797–810, 2008). Despite this, there are few evidenced-based programs which address the unique parenting supports required by women who experience domestic violence, while simultaneously attending to the unique developmental and psycho-social needs of exposed young children (Austin, Shanahan, Barrios, & Macy, Trauma, Violence and Abuse, 20(4), 498–519, 2019). This article describes the development and preliminary evaluation of Mothers in Mind, a trauma-informed, dyadic, mother–child intervention program designed to meet this need. Analyses of data from 36 mother–child dyads who completed pre- and post-group evaluation find that, after program completion, mothers report greater parenting self-efficacy, healthier parenting, and enhanced psychological well-being. The importance of relational capacity building in mother–child dyads impacted by violence and suggestions for future avenues for research and intervention are explored.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00094-6
       
  • Examining the Prospects for Developing a National Child Maltreatment
           Surveillance System in Ireland

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The Irish Government pledged to reducing the prevalence of child maltreatment under the WHO Regional Committee for Europe plan on reducing child maltreatment. As a first step towards a rights-based and public health approach to maltreatment prevention, the WHO plan recommends making child maltreatment more visible across the region, with better surveillance through the use of national surveys that use standardized, validated instruments. We review the policy context, present current Irish data holdings, and outline some of the complexities reported in the literature concerning various surveillance methods in the context of the proposal to establish and maintain a surveillance system for child maltreatment in Ireland. Conclusions highlight the need for Ireland to adopting an approach to surveillance as soon as it is feasible. The paper outlines how such a programme is necessary to address the current absence of evidence on which prevention policies can be developed and to compliment the current child protection system. Drawing on a review of current methods in use internationally, we outline options for an Irish child maltreatment surveillance programme.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00097-3
       
  • The Neglect of Children: Food for Thought and Action

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      Abstract: Abstract This commentary highlights several challenges concerning the conceptualization of child neglect and the approach to this prevalent problem, with the goal of stimulating further thought and hopefully action. Examples include consideration of potential harm, the role of culture, intentionality, and new forms of neglect related to new knowledge of children’s needs. Assessment of possible neglect, interviewing children, use of motivational interviewing, and the importance of identifying families’ strengths are additional issues. Finally, the commentary addresses alternative response systems, resilience, prevention, and advocacy. We suggest ways to tackle these challenges.
      PubDate: 2022-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-022-00113-0
       
  • A Connectedness Framework: Breaking the Cycle of Child Removal for Black
           and Indigenous Children

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      Abstract: Abstract Recent anti-racist, equity, and social justice discourse in child welfare has centered on a restructured, reimagined, or abolished system. We add our scholarship and recommendations to this discourse by focusing on Alaska Native and African American children because these two populations have had an ongoing disproportionate number of children in out-of-home care. We provide an overview of the history that implicates western-based colonial policies and practices. We have also identified how a system invested in child removal is problematic and discuss what attempts have been made to change child welfare. We propose a framework to guide systems change within child welfare that is rooted in connectedness. The hope is that the application of this framework can improve outcomes for children and families of color.
      PubDate: 2022-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00105-6
       
  • Relationships Between Caregiver Substance Use Disorder and Child
           Maltreatment in the Context of Non-Victimization Life Adversities:
           Findings from a Nationally Representative Sample of Youth

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      Abstract: Abstract Although the relationship between caregiver substance use disorder (SUD) and child maltreatment has been well established, much of this knowledge been based on administrative data such as child welfare and protection services or retrospective reports of adults. These relationships also need to be examined in the context of a range of linked non-victimization adversities, such as having caregivers who always argue and exposure to suicide. The goal of this study was to assess the associations between diagnosed caregiver SUD and youth self-reported experience of maltreatment in the context of non-victimization adversities. Three national cross-sectional studies were conducted in 2008, 2011, and 2014, resulting in a pooled sample of 6364 youth (48.8% female), ages 10‑17 years, residing in the USA. Among all youth, 6.8% had at least one caregiver with a SUD: 3.7% had a father only; 2.1% a mother only; and 1% had both with a SUD. Compared to no SUD, the expected child maltreatment count for father only SUD increased by a coefficient of .49 (p < .001), for mother only it increased by .73 (p < .001), and for both caregivers it increased by .79 (p < .001). After taking into account number of non-victimization adversities, the relationships between father only and months only SUD and child maltreatment became non-significant while having both caregivers with SUD remained significant (.72, p < .001). Findings support the need for a more comprehensive approach to the prevention and intervention of child maltreatment that encompasses the intersection and accumulation of stressors that are linked to caregiver SUD.
      PubDate: 2022-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-022-00112-1
       
  • Major Findings from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse
           and Neglect 2019

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      Abstract: Abstract The Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS) is the only source of nationally aggregated information on investigated child maltreatment in Canada. This paper presents major findings from the most recent cycle of the study, the CIS-2019. Multi-staged sampling was used to select a representative sample of child welfare agencies. A 3-month sampling period was used, and data were collected from investigating child welfare workers. Complex survey design weights were applied to the selected cases to derive an annualized national estimate of maltreatment-related investigations. Due to provincial-level differences in capacity and study funding, Ontario data were collected in 2018, and separate data collection procedures were used in Quebec. An estimated 299,171 investigations were conducted in Canada in 2019 (48.22 investigations per 1000 children). Thirty-four percent of these investigations were for substantiated maltreatment, and exposure to intimate partner violence was the most frequently noted subtype of substantiated maltreatment. Four percent of substantiated investigations involved physical harm to the child, and 35% involved emotional harm. Twenty percent of investigations were transferred to ongoing child welfare services, and an out-of-home placement was made in 5% of investigations. The rate of investigations in Canada in 2019 was higher than those reported in previous CIS cycles and in Australian and American studies. The data from the CIS-2019 fill a gap in knowledge with respect to child welfare services in Canada and will be foundational for the development of policies related to protecting children and promoting their well-being.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00110-9
       
  • Child Abuse Evaluations at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kigali
           (CHUK): Medical Education and Experience

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      Abstract: Abstract Child maltreatment is a poorly recognized phenomenon worldwide, and many pediatric healthcare professionals do not receive adequate training in child abuse and neglect evaluations. In response to the paucity of child maltreatment literature on low- to middle-income countries, this study aims to determine the education and training needs of medical professionals at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kigali (CHUK) with respect to child abuse and neglect identification, investigation, evaluation, and case management. Data collection took place in July and August 2019 at CHUK in Kigali, Rwanda. A mixed-methods approach was employed, including semi-structured qualitative interviews with sixteen healthcare professionals (3 pediatricians, 7 pediatric residents, 2 nurses, and 4 social workers) at CHUK and a systematic chart review of child maltreatment cases evaluated at the hospital from July 2015 to July 2019. Interviews with professionals revealed perceived gaps in training regarding child maltreatment case evaluation, reporting, and management. Study participants noted the need for standardized, hospital-wide protocols for the handling of confirmed abuse and neglect cases as well as expanded curriculum on the topic throughout professional education. Chart reviews demonstrated inconsistent and sparse documentation of maltreatment cases in hospital records. In conjunction with our findings, we provide informant-based suggestions for the improvement of child abuse and neglect case management at CHUK,  including consistent training modules, inter-departmental collaboration, and systematic documentation. Beyond the hospital, participants widely agreed that child maltreatment awareness and prevention measures should be implemented at the community level with professionals from CHUK getting involved in local efforts.
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00107-4
       
  • Rethinking Child Maltreatment: Children’s Perceptions of Physical and
           Emotional Maltreatment—Initial Findings

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      Abstract: Abstract The definition of child maltreatment (CM) has a direct impact on operationalization in research, on practice, and on policy formulation. While children are the main focus of the field of CM, it seems that their voices are rarely heard and that they have been excluded from the research and the process of formulating the definition of CM. The current study strives to bring to the forefront the general population of children’s perception of physical and emotional maltreatment and to gain an understanding regarding the differences and similarities of children’s perceptions and the current professional and academic perceptions of the phenomenon. Data was collected from 4 and 6th graders in 30 different schools in Israel: 21 Jewish schools and 9 Arab schools. In total, 2,536 children responded to a questionnaire composed of closed questions only and rated which parental behaviors are considered physical or emotional maltreatment. The research findings clearly indicate that children are reliable and important sources of knowledge regarding the phenomenon of CM. It seems that while they differentiate between parental discipline and CM in a similar way to the current professional view, they view the severity of CM—especially emotional maltreatment—in a way that differs from the common professional views. Moreover, the research shows that there are differences in the severity perceptions among different subgroups of children, for example, Arab and Jewish children and boys and girls.
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00108-3
       
  • Child Maltreatment in Asian American and Pacific Islander Families: The
           Roles of Economic Hardship and Parental Aggravation

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      Abstract: Abstract Parents face various stressors in their daily lives, and their child discipline practices are likely to be affected by the stressors. Existing research suggests that parental stress is a significant contributor to child maltreatment, but more research is needed, particularly among Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) families. This study examined the relationship between economic hardship and aggravation in parenting and three types of child maltreatment (i.e., psychological aggression, physical assault, and neglect) in AAPI families through secondary data analysis of a longitudinal de-identified data set. This study analyzed a sample size of 146 AAPI children, with mothers as the primary caregiver. Economic hardship was positively associated with psychological aggression (β = 3.104, p < .01) and physical assault (β = 1.803, p < .05). Aggravation in parenting was positively associated with neglect (β = 0.884, p < .05). The findings suggest that AAPI parents are more likely to use certain child maltreatment methods when they experience specific stressors. Researchers and practitioners should consider the various stressors that AAPI families face and how other social or economic challenges can compound these stressors.
      PubDate: 2022-01-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00111-8
       
  • Associations Between Micro-neighborhood Greening and Child Maltreatment

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      Abstract: Abstract We conducted a longitudinal observational study of 9873 micro-neighborhoods in a Midwestern city from 2015 to 2018 and estimated multilevel zero-inflated negative binomial models to evaluate if seasonal lawn maintenance of vacant properties was associated with a reduction in microneighborhoods’ annual summer maltreatment rates. We found a between-micro-neighborhood effect of maintenance whereby micro-neighborhoods where the entire area was maintained for the full duration of all summers had a maltreatment rate 0.43 (95% CI 0.25, 0.73) times that of micro-neighborhoods that received no maintenance. We also found a within-micro-neighborhood effect, whereby when a given micro-neighborhood had the entire area maintained the full duration of a summer, it was expected to have a maltreatment rate 0.43 (95% CI 0.19, 0.97) times that of when the same micro-neighborhood had no area maintained. Future cluster-randomized controlled trials are needed to determine if this association is causal.
      PubDate: 2022-01-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00109-2
       
  • Holding It Together' Professional Perspectives on the Role of
           Relationships when Relocating Young People due to Extra-familial Harm

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      Abstract: Abstract When young people come to harm in extra-familial contexts, professionals may move them a distance from their home community to protect them, and in doing so disrupt relationships in which they have encountered harm. However, relocations can also fracture young people’s protective relationships with family, peers, and professionals; relationships that have been positioned as targets for intervention in cases of extra-familial harm. The extent to which these relationships are considered during relocations is under-explored. Utilising semi-structured interviews with 16 social work professionals in England and Wales, we assessed their accounts of using relationships prior to, during, and following relocations in cases of extra-familial harm. Three themes emerged: using relationships during relocations to provide consistency, to collaborate, and to create safety. Professional accounts prioritised young people’s relationships with practitioners, over relationships with families, peers, and their wider communities, when using/seeking opportunities to offer consistency and to collaborate on safety plans. They also depicted a struggle to engage with the complex web of family, peer, and community relationships associated to young people’s protection in both their home communities and those they had been moved to; relationships that were critical for creating safety. Implications for practice and future research are discussed, highlighting the potential merits of offering integrated research and practice frameworks that hold together young people’s relationships with families, peers, communities, and professionals, in response to extra-familial harm.
      PubDate: 2021-12-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s42448-021-00106-5
       
 
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