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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 243 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
ACOSS Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
African Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Argumentum     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bakti Budaya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
British Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 104)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ConCienciaSocial     Open Access  
Contemporary Rural Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Critical and Radical Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Critical Social Work : An Interdisciplinary Journal Dedicated to Social Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Trabajo Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Developmental Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
ECI Interdisciplinary Journal for Legal and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
European Journal of Social Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Social Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Global Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
HOLISTICA ? Journal of Business and Public Administration     Open Access  
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Housing Policy Debate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Care and Caring     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Islamic Counseling : Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Janus Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti     Open Access  
Journal for Specialists in Group Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Journal of Baccalaureate Social Work     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Comparative Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Danubian Studies and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Family Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Forensic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Human Rights and Social Work     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 399)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Journal of Public Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 207)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Jurnal Guidena : Journal of Guidance and counseling, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Leidfaden : Fachmagazin für Krisen, Leid, Trauer     Hybrid Journal  
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access  
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research     Open Access  
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 239)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Prospectiva : Revista de Trabajo Social e Intervención Social     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psikopedagogia : Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Brasileira de Tecnologias Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Serviço Social em Perspectiva     Open Access  
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
SER Social     Open Access  
Service social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Serviço Social & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Sexualidad, Salud y Sociedad (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access  
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Care and Neurodisability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 214)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)

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Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2366-7532 - ISSN (Online) 2366-7540
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2658 journals]
  • Discrepancies in Performance-Based Measures and Teacher Ratings of
           Executive Function in the Assessment of FASD

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      Abstract: Objectives Canadian guidelines for diagnosing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) recommend that test scores and informant ratings be used to assess executive functioning skills; however, there are discrepancies between these forms of measurement and most studies only use caregiver ratings. As children spend half their time at school, this neglects a significant source of information. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between tests and teacher ratings of executive function in children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), with and without the diagnosis of FASD. Methods A retrospective chart review of 303 children with PAE was completed. Teacher ratings of executive functioning were measured using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function. Direct measures of executive functioning included select subtests from the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System; NEuroPSYchological Assessment, Second Edition; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fifth Edition; and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Fourth Edition. Results This research found significant group differences across all teacher ratings of executive functioning. Most correlations between tests and teacher ratings of executive function that we expected to be related were not significantly associated. Conclusions Results suggest that tests and teacher ratings of executive functioning may not measure the same construct or other factors may be impacting this relationship.
      PubDate: 2021-10-04
       
  • Patients with Sickle Cell Disease and Autism Spectrum Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at risk for neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD), but no association with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been reported in the literature. The objective of this case series is to better understand the association between SCD and ASD and to describe the clinical presentation of this rare diagnosis in SCD. Methods A chart review was performed at an urban tertiary care hospital. Participants were included in the case series if they had documented diagnoses of both SCD and ASD. Information collected from the chart included medical history, both general and sickle cell disease related, developmental diagnoses, and treatment recommendations. Results All three participants were male and had diagnoses of hemoglobin SS SCD. Participants were of different ages and had different presentations at the time of diagnosis. Only one participant had a history of brain injury from silent cerebral infarction. Conclusions ASD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with SCD and NDD and may present with atypical features in this population.
      PubDate: 2021-09-25
       
  • The Mediating Role of ADHD Symptoms and Emotion Regulation in the
           Association Between Executive Functions and Internalizing Symptoms: a
           Study Among Youths with and Without ADHD and/or Dyslexia

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      Abstract: Objectives The present study aimed at combining previous separate research findings having shown that executive functions (EF) contribute to a large range of emotional and behavioral problems among youths with and without neurodevelopmental disorders such as dyslexia and ADHD. Within a unifying framework, it investigated the mediational roles of ADHD symptoms and emotion regulation (ER) difficulties in the association between various EF and internalizing symptoms. Methods The sample included 82 adolescents with ADHD, dyslexia, comorbid ADHD/dyslexia, and typically developing adolescents, thus showing varying EF deficits. Whereas EF (attentional control, inhibition, shifting, working memory) were assessed in behavioral tasks, parents reported on ADHD symptoms, and ER and internalizing (anxiety, depression) symptoms were assessed via self-reports. Results In two-path mediation analyses, ADHD symptoms and ER problems mediated the association between working memory and anxiety (via inattention and ER, a1d21b2 =  − .27, 95% CI [− .58, − .04]; via hyperactivity and ER, a1d21b2 =  − .19, 95% CI [− .42, − .02]) and depression symptoms (via inattention and ER, a1d21b2 =  − .20, 95% CI [− .54, − .03]; via hyperactivity and ER, a1d21b2 =  − .24, 95% CI [− .48, − .03]). Hyperactivity and ER, but not inattention and ER, mediated the association between inhibition and internalizing symptoms (predicting anxiety, a1d21b2 = .003, 95% CI [.0001, .009]; predicting depression, a1d21b2 = .004, 95% CI [.002, .009]) as well as between attentional control and internalizing symptoms (predicting anxiety, a1d21b2 = .01, 95% CI [.001, .03]; predicting depression, a1d21b2 = .01, 95% CI [.004, .03]). Conclusions These results offer an insight into how ADHD symptoms and ER problems mediate the association between EF components and internalizing symptoms, with potential implications for prevention and intervention measures.
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
       
  • REAC Non-invasive Neurobiological Stimulation for Mitigating the Impact of
           Internalizing Disorders in Autism Spectrum Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives Allostatic overload occurs when environmental factors become excessive for the individual capacity of neurobiological response and can trigger internalizing disorders. These disorders have a strong impact on individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and can exacerbate ASD symptoms and deficits. A non-invasive neurobiological stimulation technology, called the radio electric asymmetric conveyer (REAC), has been shown to be effective in improving internalizing disorders and remodeling the individual allostatic response. On these premises, REAC neurobiological stimulation treatments have been introduced for the treatment of internalizing disorders in ASD. The aim of this current research was to retrospectively verify the effects of REAC treatments on motor, cognitive, and behavioral skills and symptoms, assessed using the Autism Profiling Questionnaire (APQ). Methods Data were collected through administration of the APQ to the caregivers of 112 individuals with ASD. The caregivers rated every cluster of the questionnaire with a score based on an evaluation scale ranging from 0 to 10. Results At the 3-month follow-up, the caregivers perceived and rated a global improvement of the individuals with ASD in all clusters. Conclusions This research suggests that the mitigating effects of REAC neuromodulation treatments in relation to the severity of internalizing disorders can enhance the quality of life and the autonomy of individuals with ASD, as shown by the shift in the median values in all 21 items of the APQ toward an improvement in symptoms and skills.
      PubDate: 2021-09-21
       
  • The Association Between Executive Functioning, Attention, and Adaptive
           

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      Abstract: Objectives Individuals with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) may be diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) if they have significant impairments in at least three different areas of functioning. The areas of functioning are viewed as separate entities for diagnostic consideration; however, some areas, including executive functioning (EF), attention, and adaptive functioning, may overlap. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the relationship between EF, attention, and adaptive functioning among children with PAE and determine whether specific moderators influence the association. Methods Charts of 257 children seen for an FASD diagnostic assessment were reviewed (60% males; Mage = 10.0 years). Measures included diagnosis of ADHD; informant ratings of EF, attention, and adaptive functioning; and tests of EF. Correlation and moderator analyses were conducted to examine the association between the variables. Results Significant associations were found between informant ratings of adaptive functioning and informant ratings (r =  − .15 to − .58) and tests scores (r = .20 to .42) of EF. Correlations between measures assessed by the same informant were stronger than those assessed by different informants. Age, gender, and ADHD diagnostic status significantly moderated a few correlations. Conclusions Although none of the correlations were indicative of convergent validity, our results suggest a lack of discriminant validity across the measures. The findings suggest that our assessment tools were measuring distinct but overlapping constructs, and this overlap should be considered in future research on clinical decision-making regarding diagnosis and interventions that target these areas of functioning.
      PubDate: 2021-09-12
       
  • Teaching Two Autistic Children to Request Continuation of Social Routines
           with Their Parents Using an iPad®-Based Speech-Generating Device

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      Abstract: Objectives Many minimally verbal autistic children may benefit from learning to use a speech-generating device (SGD) to communicate. There is limited research examining the effects of teaching autistic children to use SGDs during social interactions or routines. Methods This study evaluated the effects of systematic instruction for teaching two autistic children to request the continuation of actions using an iPad®-based SGD. A multiple baseline across participants design was used and instruction occurred during preferred social routines between each child and their mother. Results Results suggest that both children learned to request the continuation of actions during preferred social routines with their parents. They were also able to choose between routines and showed some evidence of generalization of this skill to a researcher. Conclusions These results suggest that systematic instructional procedures may be effective in teaching autistic children to request in the context of motivating social routines.
      PubDate: 2021-09-10
       
  • Seclusion and Restraint of Students with Disabilities: A Recent Circuit
           Court Case Law Overview

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      Abstract: Objectives In 2017–2018, a total of 101,990 students were physically restrained, mechanically restrained, or secluded; students with disabilities accounted for 78% of all students physically and/or mechanically restrained. Given the disproportionate use of seclusion and restraint on students with disabilities, this population is at higher risk for injury and potential violations of constitutional rights. The purpose of this review was to analyze recent circuit-level cases involving students with disabilities subjected to seclusion and restraint. Methods We searched Special Ed Connection for circuit-level rulings involving seclusion/ restraint of students with disabilities between January 1st, 2019, and March 19th, 2021. This search yielded a total of seven cases. Of these seven cases, the ninth circuit ruled on three cases, the fifth circuit ruled on two cases, the tenth circuit ruled on one case, and the eleventh circuit ruled on one case. Results The majority of the cases were heard in the ninth circuit; the following key issues were litigated: (a) appropriate use of restraints and seclusion, (b) qualified immunity and policy use of restraints, and (c) and lack of consistency of policy/procedures across jurisdictions. Conclusions These rulings underscored the need for (a) federal legislation to address uniformity, (b) targeted training for school personnel/school resource officers to understand the parameters of qualified immunity and police use in school, and (c) access to professional development regarding the appropriate use of seclusion and restraints and the implementations of preventative measures.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Analyzing Modes of Assessment for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
           (ASD) Using a Culturally Sensitive Lens

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      Abstract: Objectives Despite the increasing prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the professional literature provides evidence to suggest disproportionality regarding the demographic characteristics (e.g., racial, ethnic, socioeconomic status) among individuals who receive ASD diagnoses. Individuals who receive inaccurate diagnoses, or late identification of ASD, likely have decreased opportunities to receive early, evidence-based interventions within school, community, and clinical settings. This article presents an exploration of current issues regarding ASD assessments from a multicultural perspective, including a review of the literature and critical examination of commonly used assessment tools. Methods
      Authors reviewed best practice guidelines for conducting assessments through a culturally sensitive lens and provide guidance and recommendations for best practices in research and practitioner-based settings. This article presents researchers, clinical practitioners, and school-based professionals with considerations and actionable steps to better inform ASD evaluations from a culturally sensitive perspective. Results Despite the growth of research surrounding ASD diagnosis, there remains a dearth of unknown information regarding the approach of assessment from a culturally sensitive perspective. Most of the current research underscores disparities and discrepancies in the diagnosis of ASD, yet the causes and maintenance of such issues are neglected in the research. Conclusions Further research is needed to understand the causes and maintenance of the disparities in ASD assessment. Research advancement will aid practitioners in addressing barriers and work to reduce disparities in the field. Considerations for completing culturally sensitive assessments include close evaluation of the gold standard assessment tools, caregiver comfortability in reporting symptoms, and caregiver knowledge of ASD symptoms.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Extreme Demand Avoidance in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder:
           Refinement of a Caregiver-Report Measure

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      Abstract: Objectives Extreme/“pathological” demand avoidance (PDA) describes a presentation found in some children on the autism spectrum, characterized by obsessive resistance to everyday demands and requests. Demands often trigger avoidance behavior (e.g., distraction, excuses, withdrawal into role play). Pressure to comply can lead to escalation in emotional reactivity and behavior that challenges. Methods Previously, the Extreme Demand Avoidance Questionnaire (EDA-Q) was developed to quantify resemblance to clinical accounts of PDA from caregiver reports. The aim of this study was to refine the EDA-Q using principal components analysis (PCA) and item response theory (IRT) analysis on parent/caregiver-report data from 334 children with ASD aged 5–17 years. Results PCA and IRT analyses identified eight items that are discriminating indices of EDA traits, and behave similarly with respect to quantifying EDA irrespective of child age, gender, reported academic level, or reported independence in daily living activities. The “EDA-8” showed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = .90) and convergent and divergent validity with other measures (some of which were only available for a subsample of 233 respondents). EDA-8 scores were not related to parental reports of ASD severity. Conclusions Inspection of the test information function suggests that the EDA-8 may be a useful tool to identify children on the autism spectrum who show an extreme response to demands, as a starting point for more in-depth assessment.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Assessment of Throwing Patterns in Young Adults Diagnosed with
           Low-Expressive Language Autism and Severe Communication Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives There are a significant number of reports documenting movement differences and disorders in individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Observations of throwing patterns of young adults with low-expressive language ASD (LEL-ASD) have not been previously reported and may offer a description of how aberrant movement patterns manifest among this older population. Methods Throwing patterns over four distances (1.52, 3.04, 4.56, and 6.08m) were compared between young adults with LEL-ASD (n=7, 18.9 ± 1.8 years) and a matched control group (n=7, 19.6 ± 0.5 years). Eleven reflective markers were adhered to specific anatomical locations on participants and a six-camera motion analysis system (120 Hz) tracked marker locations resulting in joint kinematics (trunk rotation, elbow extension velocity, arm slot angle at release) and ball metrics (velocity, trajectory). Three-dimensional stick-figure representations were qualitatively observed by three independent raters to score each throw for stepping and trunk action based on a previously reported throwing rubric. Results Across all distances, the control group threw with 100% accuracy compared to 67.7% for the LEL-ASD group. There were significant between-group differences for trunk rotation, arm slot angle, and ball velocity at the point of release as throwing distance increased. Kinematic analysis revealed a largely planar throwing motion that did not adjust for the LEL-ASD group. Conclusions Young adults diagnosed with LEL-ASD displayed altered overhand throwing patterns as compared to control participants. Kinematic results underscored the difference in throwing patterns and revealed a lack of accommodation to alter the throwing pattern as a function of target distance. These data reveal differences of movement patterns between LEL-ASD and typically developing participants, specifically actions requiring the synchronized coordination of upper and lower extremities.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • The Impact of the PEAK Curriculum on Standardized Measures of
           Intelligence: A Systems Level Randomized Control Trial

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      Abstract: Objectives The present study examined the effects of the Promoting the Emergence of Advanced Knowledge (PEAK) curriculum on standardized measures of intelligence and PEAK pre-assessment scores participants with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Methods Direct support staff at a specialized school for students with special needs implemented teaching programs from either the PEAK curriculum (n = 26) or the standard academic curriculum (n = 26) using a randomized control design over one semester. Results Statistically significant change scores were observed in raw IQ on two of three sub-scales, vocabulary and information, and full-scale IQ in a sub-group of participants that scored above the floor of the IQ test at either baseline or following intervention. Statistically significant improvements were also observed in PEAK pre-assessment scores in participants in the PEAK group compared to the control group. Conclusions Findings indicate that the PEAK curriculum has the potential to positively impact standardized measures of intelligence when implemented for a relatively short period of time by direct support level personnel. These results are especially important given the widespread use of IQ tests to determine placement and eligibility criteria for individuals with special needs.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Evaluating the Convergent and Divergent Validity of the Children’s
           

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      Abstract: Objectives The current study examines the convergent and divergent validity between the Children’s Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire (CPFQ) and other established measures among children with autism. Method Twenty-nine children with autism completed the CPFQ, the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y), the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II), and the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM). Results Results showed a significant negative correlation between the CPFQ and the AFQ-Y (r = −.449, p = .015) with a medium to large effect size, and divergent validity between the CPFQ and the AAQ-II (r = −.324, p = .086), and the CAMM (r = .279, p = .143) with a small to medium effect size. Conclusion These results illustrate the value of self-report measures using child-specific language to target and measure the six psychological flexibility processes. This result highlights the benefit of the CPFQ by using child-specific language and measuring all six processes of the psychological flexibility model. Implications for clinical practice and suggestions for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Handcuffed in School: Legal and Practice Considerations

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      Abstract: Objectives Incidences such as students committing shootings, fighting with teachers and other students, perpetrating sexual assault, and bringing weapons to schools are concerning for administrators, teachers, and the public. To respond to such situations school officials have increasingly been using exclusionary and aversive measures as well as expanding police presence in schools. The purpose of this paper is to examine case law involving law enforcement in schools, with a specific emphasis on arresting and/or handcuffing students. Methods We examined 33 court cases in which students were handcuffed in school. Results Although handcuffing was used in each of these cases, only nine students were arrested and charged. Conclusions Students are being handcuffed for non-criminal offenses.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Comparison of Postural Control Among College Students With and Without
           Autism Spectrum Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives Impairments in postural stability are present in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but documentation of impairments as individuals age into adulthood are sparse and have yielded inconsistent results. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess postural control of college students with and without ASD during four conditions: eyes open and eyes closed, for both single- and double-leg stances. Methods Twenty participants (10 with ASD and 10 without ASD) between the ages of 18 and 30 performed three quiet standing trials in each of the four conditions. Antero-posterior (A-P) and medio-lateral (M-L) sway and sway velocity, as well as sway area and stance time, were calculated for each condition and compared between groups. Results In the double-leg eyes open and eyes closed conditions, A-P displacement and sway area were greater in individuals with ASD. There were no differences in sway between groups in the single-leg eyes open condition. Individuals with ASD demonstrated much shorter stance times than individuals without ASD in the single-leg eyes closed condition. Conclusions Young adults with ASD display less postural stability in both simple and complex balance tasks than young adults without ASD. It appears that the balance abnormalities reported in children with ASD persist into adulthood.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Diachronic Tendency and Thinking Style Across the Broader Autism Spectrum:
           Sources of Individual Differences'

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      Abstract: Objectives First, to see whether previous studies showing a limited capacity to spontaneously evoke the past and the future of a present moment (diachronic tendency) and a prevalence of mental images over inner speech (thinking style) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder could be replicated in individuals belonging to the broader autism phenotype. Second, to test the hypothesis that individuals thinking with mental images have a more limited diachronic tendency compared with individuals thinking with inner speech. Methods Adults (N = 309, Mage = 31.5 years, 76% women) with at least a high school degree were assessed with the Autism Spectrum Quotient, a test of diachronic tendency comprising four pictures varying in social interactivity and dynamicity, and a thinking style scale comprising three items representing three different everyday situations. Results The results showed that adults with many autistic traits have a limited diachronic tendency but only when the situation is socially interactive and dynamic, think more in mental images than individuals with no or few autistic traits but nevertheless still think more with inner speech than with mental images, and the more the participants reported thinking in inner speech, the more they evoked past and future events when describing a socially interactive and dynamic situation. Conclusions More autistic traits are associated with a limited diachronic tendency in socially interactive and dynamic situations and more thinking in mental images, and thinking style could be one of the determinants of diachronic tendency in socially interactive and dynamic situations.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • A Scoping Review of Virtual Reality Interventions for Youth with
           Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives The purpose of this scoping review was to assess the methods and outcomes of virtual reality (VR) interventions aimed at improving symptoms for youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods The authors conducted a scoping review of studies that used VR interventions to improve the skills of youth with ADHD. We searched seven databases for articles published between 2000 and 2021 using “virtual reality” and “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder” as key terms. Participants were between 6 and 18 years. The searched yielded 157 articles and 8 were reviewed. Results VR interventions resulted in improvement in attentional skills, short-term memory, and, at times, impulsivity of participants. Most studies depicted a classroom setting, and virtual teachers providing cues were helpful in improving the performance of participants on continuous performance tasks. Samples were often limited to young boys and comorbid mental health problems were exclusionary criteria. Except for one study, research was quasi-experimental in nature, and examining whether improvements were related to the VR interventions would require RCTs in future studies. Conclusions VR interventions provide promising results for treating attentional deficits among youth with ADHD; more research is needed to determine if these interventions are effective. Future research needs to focus on VR interventions for adolescents. Assessment of real-world skills, such as improvement in academic functioning and interpersonal relationships, is needed. Further research in this nascent field should also examine the practical implications and cost-effectiveness of using VR to improve classroom behavior, academic performance, and social-emotional functioning of youth with ADHD.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Disproportionate Bullying Victimization and Perpetration by Disability
           Status, Race, and Gender: A National Analysis

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      Abstract: Objectives Bullying is a widespread problem in schools that has been linked to poor psychological, social, and academic outcomes for school-aged children. Individual risk factors such as disability status, race/ethnicity, and gender increase the likelihood of involvement in bullying behaviors. The purpose of this study was to explore disproportionate bullying victimization and perpetration utilizing data from all US public schools as reported to the US Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights. Methods We used data from over 90,000 US public schools. All schools reported bullying-related incidents by race, gender, and disability status. We calculated school-level risk ratios and estimated a series of robust variance estimation models to evaluate disproportionate bully-related discipline incidents. Results We found that students with disabilities, Black students, and Hispanic students were significantly more likely to be victims of bullying (e.g., students with disabilities were 32% more likely of being a victim of bullying than their peers without disabilities). Students with disabilities, Black, Hispanic, and male students were all also significantly more likely to be disciplined for bullying (e.g., students with disabilities were over 41% more at risk than their peers without disabilities). Conclusions The results reiterate that youth from traditionally marginalized backgrounds are at escalated risk for bullying involvement, and they are more likely to experience bullying and be disciplined as a function of their disability, race or ethnicity, or gender.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
       
  • Evaluation of a Pilot Healthy Eating and Exercise Program for Young Adults
           with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disabilities

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      Abstract: Objectives The aims of this pilot study were to examine program structure, implementation, and outcomes of a healthy eating and exercise program for young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (IDs). Methods Seventeen young adults with ASD and IDs, six parents, and 10 staff participated. Programming was delivered for over a year and featured healthy eating and exercise lessons. Also, group-based motivational interviewing was used to develop weekly health goals for participants. During COVID-19, lessons were delivered online. The program was modified using lectures with visual material, when participants returned to classrooms. Lessons focused on MyPlate, portion sizes, the food pyramid, vitamins and minerals in foods, and learning to eat “less” of unhealthy food groups. Exercise lessons featured information about importance of exercise, introduction to different types of exercise, and knowledge about how exercise benefits the body. Staff completed implementation logs. Height and weight of participants were examined at regular intervals. Parents completed surveys and participants completed group interviews to assess program impact. Results Two participants lost a significant amount of weight and others maintained their weight during COVID-19. Participants and parents were satisfied with the program and reported knowledge and behavior change. Conclusions Results indicated participating in the intervention resulted in improved knowledge and health behaviors. Findings are preliminary, and research using control groups and assessing change in weight and behaviors over time are needed. Observation of meals and physical activity levels will provide more objective data in future studies.
      PubDate: 2021-08-25
       
  • A Developmental Perspective of Coping with Stress: Potential for
           Developmental Coordination Disorder Research

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      Abstract: Objectives Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that results in substantial difficulties in the learning and performance of coordinated motor skills that impacts children’s daily functioning in various life contexts. Increasing research indicates children with DCD likely experience stress in physical activity contexts, especially physical education, due to emphasis on their motor skills and their motor difficulties being visible to others. Choosing an appropriate theoretical framework to examine stress and coping processes can be difficult though because of a lack of consensus about how to conceptualize coping with stress, particularly with regard to children. Methods This paper highlights an evolving body of work that can offer insight into the physical activity experiences of children with DCD. Results The main tenets of this perspective are cross-developmental and consider both personal and environmental factors that can be targeted to promote functioning and well-being. Conclusions Understanding what children with DCD perceive as stressful in physical activity contexts and how they cope is important for informing interventions.
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
       
  • Transition of a Judo Program from In-Person to Remote Delivery During
           COVID-19 for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives To examine the feasibility of a remote judo program for high school students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods Nine high school students with ASD had been participating in an in-person judo program that transitioned to a livestream format once the stay-at-home orders were mandated. The students completed surveys regarding their experience with the remote sessions. Their classroom teacher completed a semi-structured interview regarding the advantages and disadvantages of the remote format. Results Eight out of the nine students attended 92% of the remote classes. All nine students reported feeling satisfied with the remote judo sessions. Reported benefits of the remote format included the structured routine during the pandemic and the opportunity for physical activity. Disadvantages included a lack of space and lack of one-on-one instruction. Conclusions The remote judo program appeared to be both feasible and acceptable for youth with ASD.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
       
 
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