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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 311)
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 170)
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 131)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Violence and Victims     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
British Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
The Milbank Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Family Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Critical and Radical Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Work & Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Housing Policy Debate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Public Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Work Education: The International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Contemporary Rural Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Forensic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Social Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Service social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Work With Groups     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Social Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Third World Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Global Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
ACOSS Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Third Sector Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Comparative Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Youth Studies Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sociedade e Estado     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Rights and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Social Work and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Specialists in Group Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
HOLISTICA ? Journal of Business and Public Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Groupwork     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Islamic Counseling : Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam     Open Access  
Tidsskriftet Norges Barnevern     Full-text available via subscription  
Tidsskrift for velferdsforskning     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for omsorgsforskning     Open Access  
Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research     Open Access  
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Revista Serviço Social em Perspectiva     Open Access  
ConCienciaSocial     Open Access  
Bakti Budaya     Open Access  
Voces desde el Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Janus Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti     Open Access  
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Leidfaden : Fachmagazin für Krisen, Leid, Trauer     Hybrid Journal  
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Prospectiva : Revista de Trabajo Social e Intervención Social     Open Access  
International Journal of Care and Caring     Hybrid Journal  
Volunteer Management Report     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Work / Maatskaplike Werk     Open Access  
Argumentum     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
Trabajo Social Global - Global Social Work     Open Access  
Journal of Danubian Studies and Research     Open Access  
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
unsere jugend     Full-text available via subscription  
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Developmental Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal  
Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri     Open Access  
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Soziale Passagen     Hybrid Journal  
Tempo Social     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2366-7532 - ISSN (Online) 2366-7540
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Telehealth Training in Naturalistic Communication Intervention for Mothers
           of Children with Angelman Syndrome

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      Abstract:    Objectives  Young children with Angelman syndrome have significant delays in expressive communication. Parents of children with Angelman syndrome require training to support their child’s communication development. Unfortunately, parent training focused on the needs of families of children with rare genetic syndromes is unavailable to many families. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a telehealth parent training program on naturalistic communication intervention for young children with Angelman syndrome. Methods Using two single-case multiple baseline designs across a total of six parent–child dyads, we evaluated the effects of a telehealth parent training program on parent implementation fidelity of a naturalistic communication intervention, child communication, and child engagement. Results With the telehealth parent training program, parent implementation fidelity of naturalistic communication intervention improved, maintained and generalized to untrained home routines. Small effects on child communication and engagement were observed during the program. Conclusions Parents of children with Angelman syndrome were successfully taught via telehealth to implement a naturalistic communication intervention with their child at home. Additional research is needed to promote positive child communication outcomes through parent-mediated intervention.
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
       
  • Eclectic Approach in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: an Experience
           from a Developing Country

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      Abstract: Objectives Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental-behavioral disorder having deficits in social communication and social interaction with restricted or repetitive patterns of movements behavior or attitude. ASD must be present in early developmental period but requires management across the lifespan with multidisciplinary approach. The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of eclectic approach in management of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a developing country. Method A total of 190 children between the ages of 2.6 years to 5 years with diagnosis of ASD were enrolled in the study using purposive sampling technique. These children were provided eclectic therapy with written informed consent from the parents. Childhood autism rating scale and portage guide to early education were administered as baseline tests to assess autism severity and developmental profile respectively. Eclectic approach consisted of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), Occupational Therapy, Social Skills Training, and Parent Training. Eclectic therapy was provided for around 40 h per week for a minimum of 6 months before post assessment was done. Results Paired sample t test showed significant improvement in severity of autism and developmental profile. It was also found that there was a positive correlation between change in autism scores and improved developmental profile. Conclusion Eclectic approach is an effective therapeutic modality in managing children with ASD. Intervention at an earlier age results in better prognosis.
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
       
  • A Randomized Control Trial of Cognitive Behavior and Emotional Enhancement
           Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives To evaluate the effects of cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI) alone versus cognitive behavioral intervention plus emotional enhancement intervention (EEI) on adaptive behavior, social interaction, and emotional reciprocity among a sample of children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods Thirty-four children (aged 4 to 10 years) were randomly assigned to an experimental group receiving CBI plus EEI versus a CBI-only control group. Children in both groups received 24 one-hour sessions of intervention over 6 months. They were assessed on the functioning level of autism, specifically in the areas of adaptive behavior, social interaction, and emotional reciprocity, before intervention and at 3 and 6 months using the Indian Scale for Assessment of Autism (ISAA) and the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale, third edition (GARS-3). Results Children in the experimental group showed significantly greater improvement in adaptive behavior, social interaction, and emotional reciprocity than children in the CBI-only control group. Conclusions Adding EEI enhances the effectiveness of CBI for improving adaptive behavior, social interaction, and emotional reciprocity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Trial Registration Clinical Trials Registry of India CTRI/2021/03/031763.
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
       
  • Parent and Adolescent Attitudes Toward a Virtual Nutrition Intervention
           for Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives This qualitative study examined acceptability, perceived benefits, and unintended consequences of a virtual implementation of an 8-week theory-driven nutrition intervention (BALANCE) for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods Twenty-one parent interviews and six adolescent focus groups or interviews (n = 12; group size ranged 1–5) were conducted. Data were collected virtually via Microsoft Teams and analyzed for a priori and emergent themes. Results The intervention was generally acceptable. Adolescents and parents reported that they were comfortable with the virtual format and the interactive group setting. Parents of adolescents 15 years and older emphasized the importance of autonomy/independence. Participants reported changes in adolescents’ psychosocial determinants of dietary intake, including knowledge and self-efficacy, as well as diet changes (e.g., self-regulation). Conclusions The virtual implementation of BALANCE was acceptable according to adolescents with ASD and their parents based on their reported perceptions and feelings about the intervention. The findings suggest that many adolescents with ASD may benefit from virtual group interventions. Quantitative research is needed to examine behavioral outcomes of the BALANCE intervention.
      PubDate: 2022-09-17
       
  • Effects of an Adapted Telehealth Training Curriculum for Registered
           Behavior Technicians®

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      Abstract: Objectives We evaluated a telehealth training curriculum to prepare Registered Behavior Technicians® (RBTs®) to conduct caregiver coaching on behavior analytic skills via telehealth. Methods A non-concurrent multiple baseline across therapists design was used to evaluate the training procedures delivered by Board Certified Behavior Analysts® (BCBAs®). All therapists (RBTs) worked with one family during the baseline and training phases and an additional session was conducted with a different family during the novelty probe condition to see if therapists were able to perform the newly acquired skills without BCBA support. Results Seven therapists who received behavioral skills training on the curriculum reached mastery criteria within three sessions. All RBTs were able to provide caregiver coaching via telehealth with high degrees of fidelity and were able to independently conduct a telehealth session with a new family without support from the BCBA. Conclusions Results of the current study provide support for the use of the telehealth training curriculum to prepare RBTs to conduct ABA services via telehealth.
      PubDate: 2022-09-17
       
  • Spartan Caregiver Support: Program Description and Key Findings During
           Michigan’s Stay-At-Home Order

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      Abstract: Objectives The purpose of this paper is to describe a university program, Spartan Caregiver Support, that provided free on-demand telehealth services to caregivers of people with autism during the State of Michigan’s 2020 Stay-at-Home order. Method Participants (n = 17) were caregivers of people with autism residing within the State of Michigan. Participants engaged with program members over video-conference technology, where participants received specific advice to support social and behavioral needs. Results We found that caregivers reported a variety of social and behavioral concerns, including concerns related to problem behavior, social/play skills, school/academics, and daily living. Conclusions This program description provides a framework for how to deliver on-demand telehealth support to caregivers of people with autism, especially during moments of crisis or emergency.
      PubDate: 2022-09-16
       
  • An Overview of the Adaptive Behaviour Profile in Young Children with
           Angelman Syndrome: Insights from the Global Angelman Syndrome Registry

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      Abstract: Objectives Angelman syndrome (AS) is a rare genetic disorder that affects the expression of the UBE3A gene within the central nervous system that profoundly impacts neurodevelopment. Individuals with AS experience significant challenges across multiple adaptive behaviour domains including communication, motor skills, and the ability to independently perform daily functions such as feeding, and toileting. Furthermore, persons with AS can demonstrate specific behaviours that limit their ability to participate within their social environment that vary with age. The aim of this paper is to explore the adaptive behaviour profile through parent report from the Global Angelman Syndrome Registry. Methods Specific parent report data from the Global Angelman Syndrome Registry were analysed to explore the adaptive profile of 204 young children, under the age of 6 years old, with formal diagnoses of AS. Analysis of data focused on communication skills, gross and fine motor skills, daily self-care skills (feeding, toileting, and dressing), and behavioural characteristics. Several relationships were explored: (a) the age at which certain skills were first performed based on genotype; (b) abilities in motor and adaptive behaviours, according to age and genotype, and (c) the frequency at which children performed specific communication skills and the presence and frequency of challenging behaviours, across age and genotype. Results We visually present the ages at which frequent speech, walking, and independent dressing and toileting were first mastered by children. Additionally, we provide in-depth descriptives of expressive and receptive communication skills (including the use of alternative communication forms), fine and gross motor skills, eating, dressing, toileting, anxiety, aggression, and other behavioural characteristics. Conclusions This cross-sectional profile of adaptive skills in 204 young children with AS showcases that although many communication, motor and adaptive skills were determined by age, children with a non-deletion aetiology exhibited advantages in communication skills, which may have impacted upon subsequent adaptive skills. The use of parent report in the present study provides valuable insight into the adaptive behaviour profile of young children with AS.
      PubDate: 2022-09-09
       
  • Correction to: Systematic Review of the Effect of Modification of
           Antecedents in the Treatment of Sleep Problems Among Children on the
           Autism Spectrum

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Teaching Safety Skills to Individuals with Developmental Disabilities

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Objectives This paper provides an overview of the literature on assessing and teaching safety skills to children and adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities across different safety skills and discusses recommendations for practice in teaching safety skills. Methods We reviewed studies evaluating safety skills training with individuals with autism and other developmental disabilities. We evaluated procedures for teaching safety skills for social threats (abduction and sexual abuse lures) and physical threats (guns and poisons). We conclude with recommendations for practice based on this research. Results Active learning approaches consisting of behavioral skills training with added intervention components such as in situ training, prompting, and stimulus control strategies are the most effective interventions for teaching and promoting the generalization of safety skills for social and physical safety threats. In addition, limited research shows video modeling was effective for social threats but not for safety threats. Conclusions Children and adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities are at a higher risk of being injured or victimized than their typically developing peers. Teaching individuals with disabilities how to respond when safety threats are present can decrease the likelihood that they will be injured or victimized. This paper summarizes literature showing active learning approaches are most effective and provides recommendations for practitioners to conduct safety skills training.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Systematic Review of the Effect of Modification of Antecedents in the
           Treatment of Sleep Problems Among Children on the Autism Spectrum

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      Abstract: Objectives Sleep problems are widely reported among children and adolescents on the autism spectrum. There is emerging evidence of the effectiveness and social validity of parent-implemented behavioral sleep interventions for children and adolescents on the autism spectrum. However, most research is focused on multi-component interventions that include the use of extinction, and questions remain about the effectiveness of modification to antecedent variables (including sleep/wake rescheduling) alone. This systematic review aims to summarize and appraise the literature examining the effectiveness of antecedent-based modifications for treating sleep problems among children on the autism spectrum. Methods Eligible studies included one or more participants aged 2 to 18 years with autism and treated sleep problems using modification to antecedent variables as standalone treatments. Data were identified from PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and MEDLINE databases and extracted according to participant characteristics and sleep problems, study design, characteristics of the intervention, dependent variables and sleep measures, treatment outcomes, and social validity. Study quality was evaluated using a standardized rubric and was classified as “strong,” “adequate,” or “weak.” Results Overall, 12 studies met inclusion criteria. All studies reported improvements in sleep problems for most or all participants following antecedent-based modifications. Improvements were maintained at follow-up for all participants for whom this data was collected. Only 3 studies met criteria reflecting strong methodological rigor. Conclusions Modification to antecedent variables can reduce or eliminate sleep problems; however, there is a need for more rigorous evaluation and systematic extension of these findings. Minimally sufficient modification of antecedent variables may be implemented as a less restrictive alternative to consequence-based interventions. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42021240539.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Behavioral Training and Performance Management of Human Services
           Organization Care Providers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

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      Abstract: Objectives This report describes a model of training and performance management that was designed for and implemented with care providers at a residential school for children with neurodevelopmental and intellectual disabilities in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The model focused on health and safety concerns, risk mitigation, and intervention integrity. Methods Procedures followed an applied behavior analysis (ABA) and organizational behavior management (OBM) framework. Action plans addressed (a) critical COVID-19 protocols, (b) behavior-specific implementation guidelines, (c) remote and in-person training formats, (d) in vivo supervision, and (e) knowledge and performance assessments. Results A competency evaluation (field study) revealed that participant care providers (N = 25) acquired and maintained COVID-19 protocols at near 100% proficiency immediately following and 1-month post-training. Supervisors had uniformly positive approval and acceptance ratings of school responsiveness to the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusions Integrated and evidence-based care provider training and supervisory practices can promote risk mitigation and performance effectiveness during health crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic. More controlled research that includes multiple dependent measures is needed to replicate and extend our findings to similar human services settings.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • A Scoping Review of the Healthcare and Hygiene Literature for Individuals
           with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

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      Abstract: Objectives Previous reviews highlight the similarities in teaching healthcare and hygiene routines to individuals with and without intellectual and developmental disabilities. Additionally, similar interventions are used when interfering behaviors occur. Although these routines are topographically distinct, there are enough similarities to suggest effective procedures for one routine may be used to inform another. This scooping review aims to identify effective teaching and intervention procedures for healthcare and hygiene routines specifically for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. We also evaluated the extent to which functional analyses were conducted; a dimension not included in previous reviews. Methods Eligible articles targeted compliance or tolerance within the context of a defined healthcare or hygiene routine as a dependent variable and used an experimental design with a demonstration of experimental control. Articles were identified through PsycINFO, PubMed, and Academic Search Premier databases. Additionally, a hand search of five related journals was conducted. Data were collected on dependent variables, functional analyses, baseline contingencies, teaching procedures, and additional experimental components. Results A total of 52 articles met inclusion criteria. Most experiments produced positive outcomes. The findings show all experiments involved a treatment package with multiple components. The most common teaching procedures were graduated exposure and DRA. A lack of functional analyses and social validity was noted. Conclusions Component analyses are needed to identify the most effective and efficient procedures. Pyramidal training to teach medical professionals how to provide preventative pyramidal training should be explored.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Human Services During the COVID Pandemic: Using Behavioral Safety Programs
           to Protect Human Services Workers and Students

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      Abstract: Objectives Behavioral safety programs have been effective in decreasing injuries across a number of industries. The COVID-19 pandemic is placing stress on the human services field—an industry already noted for its high injury rate. As most organizations resume full operation in the midst of the pandemic, procedures to mitigate the risk of virus transmission are vital. The current manuscript describes the use of a behavioral safety program and its effects on COVID-19 transmission in a school serving setting. Methods This case study consisted of implementing an organization-wide behavioral safety program in a private school that served students diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. During the course of the study, 124 to 128 direct care staff were employed by the school and served 168 students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results During the behavioral safety program, there were a variable but continuous number of safety observations. The percent of safe behavior in the classrooms began near 90% and approached 100% at the conclusion of data collection. During the study there were no documented COVID-19 infections traced to the school. Conclusions Behavioral safety programs could be effective in promoting behavior associated with minimizing virus transmission; therefore, these programs may also have utility in preventing communicable diseases in human service settings.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Evaluating the Acceptability and Social Validity of a Caregiver-Led
           Technology-Based Menstrual Hygiene Management Intervention for Youth on
           the Autism Spectrum

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      Abstract: Objectives Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is a critical area of daily living skills for neurodiverse menstruators in which few evidence-based interventions exist. This study evaluated the acceptability and social validity of a caregiver-mediated intervention for youth on the autism spectrum utilizing behavior skills training, animated video modeling, task analysis, and telehealth services to improve changing a menstrual pad. Methods The consultant recruited three youth and caregiver dyads to test the intervention and collect acceptability and social validity assessments. Materials varied based on the phase of the study; however, a typical trial required data collection sheets, youth’s underwear, a menstrual pad, and, during intervention, the video model and hardware technology. A multiple baseline design across participants and reversal design were used to demonstrate experimental effects. Due to the sensitive nature of the study, independence and accuracy data were collected by caregivers and analyzed later by the consultant through visual analysis. Results Overall, youth participants improved their percentage of independent and accurate steps of changing a menstrual pad. Furthermore, caregivers reported moderate to high levels of acceptability of the telehealth service delivery and animated video modeling, as well as the overall MHM training program measured by the Technology Acceptability Model-Fast Form (FF-TAM) and the Behavior Intervention Rating Scale (BIRS), respectively. Youth reported high levels of acceptability of the MHM training program as measured by the Child Intervention Rating Profile (CIRP). Conclusions Results suggest that a technology-based, caregiver-mediated MHM intervention for neurodiverse youth would be considered acceptable and socially valid by caregiver and youth participants.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Effects of a Systems-Level Intervention to Improve Trainer Integrity in a
           Behavioral Healthcare Organization

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      Abstract: Objectives Direct support professionals (DSPs) play a critical role in health-related outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) who reside in congregate living settings. Large behavioral healthcare organizations often rely on staff to function as peer trainers for newly hired DSPs. Organizations should adopt empirically supported training techniques to prepare peer trainers for their role and develop systems to ensure ongoing integrity of the training system. The purpose of this program description is to summarize consultation activities that attempted to create these systems. Methods Staff members were trained to function as peer trainers, an assessment was conducted to determine the barriers to training in the natural environment, and a systems-level intervention informed by the assessment was implemented to improve peer trainer integrity. Results The assessment revealed peer trainers were often unaware when they were expected to train and did not receive feedback or programmed consequences for training newly hired DSPs. A systems-level intervention containing a prompt (reminder) about upcoming training and feedback plus a monetary incentive produced improvements in trainer integrity. Conclusions A systems-level intervention based on an assessment can improve peer trainer integrity. Ensuring peer trainer integrity increases the likelihood that newly hired DSPs will implement health-related protocols with individuals with IDD.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Organizational Responsiveness to the COVID-19 Pandemic: a Mixed Methods
           Social Validity Assessment of Human Services Care Providers

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      Abstract: Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic posed many challenges to human services organizations serving persons with pre-existing conditions and health concerns. Study objectives were to assess organizational responsiveness to the pandemic through training, safety, and risk mitigation initiatives at community-based group homes for adults with intellectual disability (ID) and acquired brain injury (ABI). Method This was a two-phase mixed methods study with human services care providers. In phase 1, 54 focus group participants responded to standardized interviews about leadership actions in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic and discussed implementation effectiveness. These qualitative findings informed the design and distribution of a multi-item questionnaire in phase 2 that quantified acceptance and approval of leadership actions among 498 participants. Results Both focus group and questionnaire participants identified several consistent leadership actions that had a positive impact on risk mitigation, health promotion, and participant satisfaction. Participants also converged on priority needs and recommendations for performance improvement. Conclusions The study supports previous research on the effects of pandemic health crises among frontline healthcare workers and more definitively the impact on direct care providers of adults with ID and ABI during COVID-19. Care providers were able to judge organizational effectiveness and provide feedback to aide strategic planning. Mixed methods research provides an approach to large-scale program evaluation through integrated qualitative and quantitative analyses.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Health and Wellness: Introduction to the Special Issue

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      PubDate: 2022-08-03
       
  • Gluten-Free and Casein-Free Diet for Children with Autism Spectrum
           Disorder: a Systematic Review

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      Abstract: Objectives The purpose of this review was to systematically search and critically analyse literature concerning the efficacy of gluten-free and/or casein-free diets in treating maladaptive behaviours in children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods Eleven randomized clinical trials retrieved from PubMed and Cochrane Library databases and hand search were reviewed and assessed for methodological quality using the Cochrane Collaboration’s risk of bias tool. Results Samples were mostly small, and few studies yielded evidence of statistically significant behavioural outcomes attributable to dietary interventions. Conclusions The results of this review imply that the efficacy of gluten-free and/or casein-free diets for individuals with autism spectrum disorder remains unsubstantiated. Larger and better designed studies focused on specific outcomes, and which are not dependent on unblinded researcher or parent report, are needed to establish whether gluten-free and/or casein-free diets are effective for children with autism spectrum disorder or any subgroup of such children. Systematic Review Registration PROSPERO CRD42020142407.
      PubDate: 2022-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00268-4
       
  • Changes of Gut Microbiota in Autism Spectrum Disorders and Common
           

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      Abstract: Objectives Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often occurs in children and seriously affects daily life. In recent years, many studies have shown that intestinal microbial imbalance and intestinal-brain dysfunction may be the critical mechanism for the formation of ASD. This article reviews the changes in the gut microbiota of patients and their impact mechanisms, and the current mechanisms of probiotic and traditional Chinese medicine therapies. Methods A review of contemporary peer-reviewed studies. Pubmed and Cnki were the databases used to identify the studies. Results The majority of the reviewed studies demonstrated that changes in the gut microbiota can directly or indirectly induce ASD by affecting the immune system, nervous system, and endocrine system. Probiotics can improve brain function by affecting the vagus nerve, and improve metabolism by regulating the expression of neuroendocrine hormones. According to the Chinese medicine theory, there are three leading causes of ASD such as deficiency of kidney essence, stagnation of liver qi, and malnutrition of heart spirit. Conclusions The fermentation of Chinese herbal medicine and probiotics can be further studied and may become a new type of treatment for ASD in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-06-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00266-6
       
  • Examination of School Absenteeism Among Preschool and Elementary School
           Autistic Students

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      Abstract: Objectives Recent estimates of school absenteeism for autistic students show higher than expected rates compared to non-autistic peers. There is a limited understanding of absenteeism for younger autistic students with co-occurring intellectual disability in the USA. Thus, this study examined the prevalence of school absenteeism for autistic preschool and elementary school students and identified reasons for absenteeism using school records. Methods An archival school attendance dataset for students between the ages of 3 and 11 years old who attended a special education school program was utilized. Twenty preschool and 54 elementary school students were included in the analyzed dataset. Results The median percent of school days missed for elementary participants was 9.1% and 17.1% for preschool students. Age was negatively correlated with median percent of days absent, r =  − .239, p = .040. Major reasons for excused absences included medical illness, doctor’s appointments, and sleep problems. A longitudinal analysis showed that average absence rates in year 3 were lower than year 1 for a sub-sample of elementary school students, Z =  − 2.480, p = 0.013. Conclusions Findings extended other research on absenteeism in older elementary autistic students and suggesting that absenteeism decreases over time. Results warrant increased attention to improved understanding of predictors of absenteeism for these age groups.
      PubDate: 2022-06-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00263-9
       
 
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