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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACOSS Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
African Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Argumentum     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access  
Bakti Budaya     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
British Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access  
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ConCienciaSocial     Open Access  
Contemporary Rural Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Critical and Radical Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Cuadernos de Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
European Journal of Social Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Social Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Global Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Groupwork     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
HOLISTICA ? Journal of Business and Public Administration     Open Access  
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Housing Policy Debate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Care and Caring     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Islamic Counseling : Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam     Open Access  
Janus Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti     Open Access  
Journal for Specialists in Group Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Comparative Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Danubian Studies and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Family Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Forensic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Human Rights and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 277)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 127)
Journal of Public Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access  
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Leidfaden : Fachmagazin für Krisen, Leid, Trauer     Hybrid Journal  
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access  
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research     Open Access  
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri     Open Access  
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 139)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Prospectiva : Revista de Trabajo Social e Intervención Social     Open Access  
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Serviço Social em Perspectiva     Open Access  
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Service social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access  
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 110)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Social Work & Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Social Work / Maatskaplike Werk     Open Access  
Social Work and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Work Education: The International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Social Work With Groups     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift     Open Access  

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Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2366-7532 - ISSN (Online) 2366-7540
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • New Hematological Parameters as Inflammatory Biomarkers: Systemic Immune
           Inflammation Index, Platerethritis, and Platelet Distribution Width in
           Patients with Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives The potential role of neuroinflammation in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients has been investigated with peripheral hemogram-related inflammatory markers. Systemic immune inflammation index (SII) is defined as a new index that has been developed for the balance of inflammatory and immune status. Methods Our study was based on a prospective routine complete blood count(CBC) analysis of 74 Adult ADHD patients and 70 healthy participants. The DSM-5-Clinician version and Barratt impulsivity scale-11 were used to evaluate the participants. Results There was no statistical difference in the comparison of the SII ratios, platelet distribution width (PDW), and plateretritis (PCT) (p>0.05 for each) in a group of a young adults with ADHD and in a comparison control group. These inflammatory indicators were found to be similar between patients newly diagnosed with ADHD (n=40) and patients using methylphenidate (n=34) (p>0.05 for each). The relationship between ADHD clinical symptoms and severity and inflammation was evaluated. A significant negative correlation was observed between attention deficit scores and PCT (r=−0.301, p=0.009). A positive significant correlation was found between hyperactivity scores and SII (r=0.247, p=0.034). A significant positive correlation was found between Barrat motor scores and PDW(r=241, p=0.038). In the regression analysis, the PCT variable changed the attention deficit variable (β=.33, t(70)= −2.703, p=.009, pr2= .094) predicted negatively and significantly. Conclusions We demonstrated the association of SII, which is independently associated with adverse outcomes in many diseases, and the severity of hyperactivity symptoms in adult ADHD. The fact that PCT predicts attention deficit negatively and decisively shows the importance of inflammatory assessments specific to clinical presentations. The critical importance of platelets in inflammatory processes in ADHD has been demonstrated once again with inflammatory markers such as SII, PLT, and PDW, which can be accessed by an easily applicable complete blood count method.
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
       
  • Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic-Associated Social Changes on Boys with
           Moderate to Severe Autism

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      Abstract: Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting social changes have made unprecedented changes in our lifetime with unknown repercussions on children with autism spectrum disorders. We sought to assess the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting social changes on boys with autism spectrum disorder. Methods We conducted a survey using the CRISIS-AFAR questionnaire of caregivers of a population of boys (n = 40) with moderate to severe autism spectrum disorder for changes in environment and behavior before and after the pandemic. Results We found several interesting findings, including an increase in self-injurious behaviors after the start of the pandemic, but not in the level of hyperactivity, anxiety, or aggressive behavior, or amount and frequency of stereotypies/repetitive behaviors in the children before and after the start of the pandemic. There was an increased difficulty in adjusting to new daily routines after the pandemic, as well as increased difficulty falling asleep. Conclusions The study showed that a majority of boys with moderate/severe autism in our study were negatively affected by the pandemic across several domains. Additionally, this study highlights the need for educational and mental health resources to be prepared for similar events in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
       
  • Caregiver Satisfaction with Delivery of Telehealth Autism Services

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      Abstract: Objective The purpose of this study was to assess satisfaction with telehealth interventions for a large nonprofit organization that transitioned interventions for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to telehealth during a pandemic. Services provided via telehealth included applied behavior analysis (ABA), speech and language, and occupational therapies. A secondary survey evaluated reasons for declining telehealth services. Methods A survey was administered to 10,567 families who were receiving autism interventions. A total of 440 respondents answered all the questions on the survey, and their results were included in this study. A secondary survey was administered to 223 individuals who declined to have telehealth autism interventions. Results There was not a clinically meaningful difference in satisfaction across service types. Although all ratings were in the high range, caregivers ranked speech therapists as more dependable than ABA therapists, and this difference was statistically significant. The findings suggested that the majority of caregivers were generally satisfied with services provided in a telehealth format. For those who declined services, the majority indicated a discomfort with the use of technology. Conclusions The participants of telehealth autism interventions reported high general satisfaction and indicated an improvement in their quality of life. Results provide suggestive evidence that increased satisfaction of telehealth services may allow for further acceptability and access for participants. Future research should evaluate participant and clinician satisfaction with telehealth versus in-person interventions.
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
       
  • The Use of Technology to Teach Daily Living Skills for Adults with Autism:
           a Systematic Review

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      Abstract: Objectives A disproportionate number of individuals with autism spectrum are unable to transition into independent living during adulthood, compromising the ability to experience autonomy and exert self-determination. Over the past 30 years, there has been an increasing trend to incorporate technology into educational and behavioral interventions, including those to target daily living skills. Methods In order to inform practice and identify needs for future research, we conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed published research evaluating the effectiveness of an intervention incorporating electronic technology to improve daily living skills among adults with autism spectrum. We extracted data regarding participants, daily living skills targeted, intervention characteristics, and outcomes. Additionally, we evaluated each case against What Works Clearinghouse single-case design standards. Results Through a systematic database search and ancillary searches, we identified 27 studies with 49 participants. Interventions supported by electronic technology were most commonly used to improve meal preparation and housekeeping tasks. Across most applications, technology was utilized within the antecedent portion of an intervention, most commonly used with video modeling or video prompting interventions. Surprisingly, few studies took place in the participants’ place of residence. Conclusions Evidence suggests there is great potential for incorporating technology into daily living skill interventions; however, more research is warranted to realize the full benefits of this approach.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
       
  • Teaching Children with Autism to Create Multi-symbol Messages on
           Augmentative Alternative Communication Applications During Play

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      Abstract: Objectives Research involving the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications on mobile technology devices for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) needs to expand beyond teaching simple requesting skills. Children’s abilities to create multi-symbol AAC messages is one skill that can be further explored. Methods Two preschool-aged males with ASD were taught to use an AAC application to create two-symbol messages (e.g., possessor-entity, agent-action) to label play-based stimuli. Both participants had prior experience using AAC applications to request. For each participant, we implemented a multiple probes across targets design. We used matrix training to introduce different combinations of the two-word targets. Targeted responses were taught during play using an embedded instruction approach that involved modeling, time delay, and prompting. Results Both participants rapidly acquired possessor-entity targets. Results for agent-action responses were mixed. One participant showed gradual improvement with these targets, and the other showed variable performance. Conclusions This pilot study provides evidence that while children with ASD can increase their use of multi-symbol AAC messages in play contexts, some communicative targets may be more easily acquired. Factors such as motivation and prior symbol knowledge may have influenced responding. More research is needed to continue to establish effective methods for teaching advanced AAC skills to children with ASD.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
       
  • Intervening from the “Inside Out”: Exploring the Role of
           Self-Determination and Mindfulness-Based Interventions for People with
           Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

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      Abstract: Objectives This paper describes and integrates self-determination and mindfulness research in intellectual and developmental disability, with a focus on how both approaches shift the focus to intervening from the “inside out” rather than from the “outside in.” Methods A targeted overview of self-determination and mindfulness research in intellectual and developmental disabilities is provided. Parallels and areas of divergence are described, with implications derived for the integration of the two approaches to promote positive outcomes for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Results There is a synergistic relationship between self-determination and mindfulness-based interventions. Promoting internal resources, self-awareness, and emotion regulation through mindfulness may provide the foundation on which to build specific self-determination skills. Conclusions There is a need for ongoing work to develop and test, in partnership with disabled people, the impacts and outcomes of integrated approaches to promoting mindfulness and self-determination. This will require changes across multiple levels, and issues related to diversity and equity must be at the forefront.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
       
  • Investigation of Genetic Polymorphism in Autism Spectrum Disorder: a
           Pathogenesis of the Neurodevelopmental Disorder

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      Abstract: Objectives Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition marked by stereotyped behavior and poor social interaction. Although the etiology of this illness is unknown, research clearly shows that it has a genetic foundation due to complicated inheritance. It affects about 52 million individuals worldwide. Several risk factors for autism converge into possible pathways for other neurodevelopmental diseases, with onsets occurring at various stages of development. Methods In the study’s literature review, the genes included were identified in articles published over the previous 30 years in databases such as the web of sciences, PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and other databases. Candidate genes associated with ASD are CHD8, SHANK3, SLC6A4, RELN, DISC1, and ITGB3. Results Several prenatal risk factors cause neurological vulnerability, which increases the probability of autism and other neurodevelopmental problems. Genomic research has allowed tremendous progress in discovering ASD risk genes during the last decade. Recent technological advancements have demonstrated that certain genetic mutations and modifications may serve as useful biological markers, risk indicators, and therapeutic targets for illnesses. Conclusions In large cohorts, high-throughput next-generation sequencing uncovers a varied and complicated genetic landscape of new risk genes. More studies are needed to understand better the environmental variables that play a crucial role in disease development. Currently, there is less clinical data to support the function of ASD. However, the prevailing research facts for many researched ASD new candidate genes support their links and identify ASD etiologic processes for establishing an early diagnostic marker.
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
       
  • Wrong Brains at the Wrong Time' Understanding ADHD Through the
           Diachronic Constitution of Minds

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      Abstract: Objectives The purpose of this theoretical analysis of current research on ADHD is to provide an account integrating executive functional profiles with its broader structural neurodevelopmental profile. Methods Comparative theoretical analyses between executive functional deficit disorder models of ADHD and results from default mode network fMRI data. This was followed by an analysis of the temporal profile of ADHD and phase synchronous neural assemblies. Results Comparative analyses suggest disparities within executive functional deficit disorder models and discontinuities between executive functional and structural profiles of ADHD. Analysis of the temporal signature of ADHD provides a potential avenue for integrating different profiles by means of anchoring executive functions within inherent diachronic neurocognitive organization. Conclusions The analyses provided suggest that executive functional deficits in ADHD arise from much broader idiosyncrasies, rooted within the inherent diachronic organization of neurocognitive function, and whose challenges must be understood in conjunction with socio cultural environmental factors.
      PubDate: 2022-03-14
       
  • A Scoping Review of the Healthcare and Hygiene Literature for Individuals
           with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

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      Abstract: Objectives Previous reviews highlight the similarities in teaching healthcare and hygiene routines to individuals with and without intellectual and developmental disabilities. Additionally, similar interventions are used when interfering behaviors occur. Although these routines are topographically distinct, there are enough similarities to suggest effective procedures for one routine may be used to inform another. This scooping review aims to identify effective teaching and intervention procedures for healthcare and hygiene routines specifically for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. We also evaluated the extent to which functional analyses were conducted; a dimension not included in previous reviews. Methods Eligible articles targeted compliance or tolerance within the context of a defined healthcare or hygiene routine as a dependent variable and used an experimental design with a demonstration of experimental control. Articles were identified through PsycINFO, PubMed, and Academic Search Premier databases. Additionally, a hand search of five related journals was conducted. Data were collected on dependent variables, functional analyses, baseline contingencies, teaching procedures, and additional experimental components. Results A total of 52 articles met inclusion criteria. Most experiments produced positive outcomes. The findings show all experiments involved a treatment package with multiple components. The most common teaching procedures were graduated exposure and DRA. A lack of functional analyses and social validity was noted. Conclusions Component analyses are needed to identify the most effective and efficient procedures. Pyramidal training to teach medical professionals how to provide preventative pyramidal training should be explored.
      PubDate: 2022-03-14
       
  • An Evaluation of Early Childhood Program Adaptations for Implementing the
           Pyramid Model for Children with and Without Developmental Disabilities

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      Abstract: Objective This study sought to document the necessary adaptations to early childhood education program policies, procedures, and funding allocations to fully implement the Pyramid Model framework with fidelity. Methods An administrative interview including both quantitative and qualitative data was developed for the purposes of the research. Ten program directors and administrative staff from 6 CSEFEL and TACSEI demonstration site programs in 4 states across the USA participated. Results Quantitative results revealed that program administrators reported either altering (70.44%) or creating (60.52%) a new policy, procedure, or budget item for a majority of all interview item categories to fully implement the Pyramid Model. Across interview items, more than half of demonstration programs (69%) reported altering or creating a program policy, procedure, or budget item. Over half of programs (58%) also reported that these policies, procedures, or related budget items were documented in writing. Qualitative results suggested that program administrators viewed (1) program alterations reflecting alignment specifically with Pyramid Model practices; (2) intra-program collaboration and collaboration between program staff and stakeholders; and (3) written documentation of program policies, procedures, or budget items as highly important for fully implementing the Pyramid Model with fidelity. Conclusions Results provide detailed information regarding specific ways that administrators adapted program policies, procedures, and related budget items to fully implement the Pyramid Model with fidelity. These findings can prove useful for administrators aiming to successfully implement the Pyramid Model framework in their early childhood programs to support children with developmental disabilities and typically developing children.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00247-9
       
  • Fostering Functional Occupation and Mobility in People with Intellectual
           Disability and Visual Impairment Through Technology-Aided Support

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      Abstract: Objectives The study assessed a smartphone-based technology system, which was designed to support functional occupation and mobility in people with severe to profound intellectual disability and visual impairment. Methods The technology system provided (a) verbal orientation cues to guide the participants to a desk with two containers (and two groups of 10 objects that were to be transported to two different destinations), (b) verbal instructions to take the objects (one at a time), (c) verbal orientation cues to reach the destinations where the objects taken had to be transported, (d) instructions to put away the objects at the destinations, and (e) praise and brief periods of preferred stimulation. Seven participants were involved in the study, which was carried out according to a nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants design. Results During the baseline (when the technology system was not available), the participants produced few or no correct responses (i.e., failed to collect, transport, and deposit objects at the right destinations). During the intervention phase (i.e., with the support of the technology system), their mean frequency of correct responses per session was between close to 19 and close to 20 (out of a maximum possible of 20) and their mean session duration varied between about 16 and 29 min. Conclusions The data suggest that the technology system used in this study may be a viable resource to support activity and mobility in people with intellectual and visual disabilities.
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00250-0
       
  • Teaching Safety Skills to Individuals with Developmental Disabilities

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      Abstract: Objectives This paper provides an overview of the literature on assessing and teaching safety skills to children and adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities across different safety skills and discusses recommendations for practice in teaching safety skills. Methods We reviewed studies evaluating safety skills training with individuals with autism and other developmental disabilities. We evaluated procedures for teaching safety skills for social threats (abduction and sexual abuse lures) and physical threats (guns and poisons). We conclude with recommendations for practice based on this research. Results Active learning approaches consisting of behavioral skills training with added intervention components such as in situ training, prompting, and stimulus control strategies are the most effective interventions for teaching and promoting the generalization of safety skills for social and physical safety threats. In addition, limited research shows video modeling was effective for social threats but not for safety threats. Conclusions Children and adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities are at a higher risk of being injured or victimized than their typically developing peers. Teaching individuals with disabilities how to respond when safety threats are present can decrease the likelihood that they will be injured or victimized. This paper summarizes literature showing active learning approaches are most effective and provides recommendations for practitioners to conduct safety skills training.
      PubDate: 2022-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00248-8
       
  • Parent Perceptions of Sleep-Related Stereotypy Within Sleep Problems in
           Children on the Autism Spectrum: Implications for Behavioral Treatment

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      Abstract: Objectives Sleep problems in children on the autism spectrum may be affected by core diagnostic characteristics, including stereotypy (restricted and repetitive behaviors). Little is known about the nature of sleep-related stereotypy and its role within sleep disturbance. This study aimed to improve our understanding of the types of sleep-related stereotypy, its potential role within sleep difficulties, and how parents manage night-time stereotypy, in children on the autism spectrum. Methods This qualitative study used thematic analysis to analyze clinical assessment reports obtained from 21 parents of children on the autism spectrum referred for behavioral sleep intervention. Five themes, including the types of stereotypy, timing within sleep problems, stereotypy as sleep-interfering, stereotypy as sleep-conducive, and parent-responses, were identified. A clinical case study illustrates the potential role of vocal stereotypy within night wakings, through functional assessment and treatment of sleep problems in a child on the autism spectrum. Results Stereotypy included vocal and motor behaviors and repetitive manipulation of objects. Parents perceived stereotypy as both problematic and as beneficial to sleep, which may differentially affect behavioral treatment. Parent responses to stereotypy were varied and included co-sleeping. The case study highlights the complexity of the sleep and stereotypy relationship and the difficulty in treating automatically maintained behavior in the sleep context. Conclusion The function that stereotypy serves in relation to sleep disturbance is unclear and may differ across and within children. It is important we seek to better understand the specific ways that stereotypy may affect sleep, and vice versa, to improve clinical management of sleep problems in children on the autism spectrum.
      PubDate: 2022-03-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00246-w
       
  • Hope in Neurodiverse Adolescents: Disparities and Correlates

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      Abstract: Objectives Hope is reliably associated with positive outcomes in youth; however, prior literature has yet to explore hope in neurodiverse individuals. As adolescents with neurodevelopmental differences (ND) display distinct neurocognitive profiles and are at risk for poor psychosocial outcomes, it is essential to understand how this marginalized group may vary in their own subjective ratings of hope, and how hope may relate to positive adjustment in this population. Further investigation of relational determinants, such as family characteristics and peer relationships, is also warranted to increase understanding of how various dimensions of social support relate to hope for different populations. Methods The current study assessed group differences in hope for ND adolescents on the autism spectrum and/or with intellectual disabilities, as compared to neurotypical (NT) adolescents. Additionally, correlates and predictors of hope were clarified across neurodiverse groups. Participants included 185 adolescents (NT: n = 96; ND: n = 89) and their mothers as part of a larger longitudinal study. Results Results indicated that adolescents with ND reported significantly lower hope than NT peers, t(183) = 3.31, p = .001, with autistic adolescents at highest risk. Regardless of neurodevelopmental status, greater hope was associated with fewer internalizing symptoms (F(1,178) = 12.35, p = .001) and higher quality of life (F(1,179) = 57.05, p < .001). Furthermore, maternal scaffolding and adolescent social skills were predictive of higher hope across groups. Conclusions Findings underscore the importance of hope in adolescence for all youth and highlight avenues for intervention.
      PubDate: 2022-03-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00242-0
       
  • Effects of a Systems-Level Intervention to Improve Trainer Integrity in a
           Behavioral Healthcare Organization

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      Abstract: Objectives Direct support professionals (DSPs) play a critical role in health-related outcomes for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) who reside in congregate living settings. Large behavioral healthcare organizations often rely on staff to function as peer trainers for newly hired DSPs. Organizations should adopt empirically supported training techniques to prepare peer trainers for their role and develop systems to ensure ongoing integrity of the training system. The purpose of this program description is to summarize consultation activities that attempted to create these systems. Methods Staff members were trained to function as peer trainers, an assessment was conducted to determine the barriers to training in the natural environment, and a systems-level intervention informed by the assessment was implemented to improve peer trainer integrity. Results The assessment revealed peer trainers were often unaware when they were expected to train and did not receive feedback or programmed consequences for training newly hired DSPs. A systems-level intervention containing a prompt (reminder) about upcoming training and feedback plus a monetary incentive produced improvements in trainer integrity. Conclusions A systems-level intervention based on an assessment can improve peer trainer integrity. Ensuring peer trainer integrity increases the likelihood that newly hired DSPs will implement health-related protocols with individuals with IDD.
      PubDate: 2022-03-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00245-x
       
  • The Feasibility of a Community-Based Judo Program and Cortisol Collection
           in Children with Autism

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      Abstract: Objectives Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have increased levels of stress, leading to dysregulated production of cortisol. Participation in activity with a mindfulness component may reduce levels of stress and cortisol in children. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary effects of a community-based judo program on cortisol levels in youth with ASD. Methods Seventeen participants completed the judo program. Twelve were included in the final analysis. Participants were split into age groups: children (n = 5; 8–12 years) and adolescents (n = 7; 13–17 years). A standardized protocol was developed through a collaboration between researchers and families of participants to collect the salivary cortisol samples. Changes in acute (before/after one judo session) and chronic (week 1/week 10) salivary cortisol levels between age groups were assessed using repeated measures. Results No significant chronic × age (F(1,10) = .046, p = .456, ηp2 = .057) or acute × age (F(1, 10) = 4.38, p = .057, ηp2 = .316) interactions were noted. A trend existed indicating that cortisol levels were decreased acutely for adolescents as shown by a large effect size (Cohen’s d = 1.2) vs children (Cohen’s d = .01). Out of 17 participants, 12 (71%) provided all 4 cortisol samples with only 2 (10%) participants refusing to provide any samples. Conclusions The cortisol collection protocol was feasible in a community setting of youth with ASD. Future studies should recruit larger samples of children to better explore the efficacy of judo and other physical activity on subjective and objective measures of stress in a larger sample of this population.
      PubDate: 2022-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00237-x
       
  • Exploring the Concepts of Clinical Governance and Evidence-based Practice
           Within the Disability Sector in Singapore

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      Abstract: Objectives Clinical governance has been receiving increasing attention around the world over the years in various settings. Studies show that having good clinical governance in organizations has several benefits. This study aimed to explore the capacity of disability support organizations in Singapore to achieve clinical governance and understand the barriers and enablers to use evidence-based practice. Methods Seventy-nine allied health professionals (AHPs) aged between 21 and 30 years who were working in four disability organizations in Singapore completed an online questionnaire that was distributed by the National Council of Social Service (NCSS). Results For the majority of 60-item CGCQ, very few AHPs chose the extreme-scale points (i.e., agree or disagree strongly) as most gave neutral responses. The results delve into the specific clinical governance areas of planned and integrated quality improvement, proactive risk management, the climate of blame and punishment working with colleagues, training and development opportunities, and organizational learning, which organizations need to work on. Although AHPs may have access to certain support and resources, it is not necessarily that they find these areas most useful, most influential, or with the least barriers. Results identify this specific support and resources. There was a mismatch between accessibility, usefulness, influence, and hindrance of support and resources when adopting new assessments or interventions. Conclusions Clinical governance climate within disability service organizations from the perspective of AHPs working within disability service organizations may not be dire, but it is necessary to improve specific areas and provide proper support in order to maintain quality standards. The findings emphasize the importance of having high-quality standards of care and service in which clinical governance can flourish. Implications for research and development at the organizational level are discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00241-1
       
  • A Systematic Review of Dog-Assisted Therapy in Children with Behavioural
           and Developmental Disorders

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      Abstract: Objectives Animal-assisted therapy with dogs is regularly used in children with behavioural and developmental disorders. Aims of this systematic review were threefold: to analyse the methodological quality of studies on dog-assisted therapy (DAT) for children with behavioural and developmental disorders, to determine to which extent the studies on DAT adhere to the quality criteria developed by the International Association of Human Animal Interaction Organisation (IAHAIO) and to describe the characteristics of the participants, the intervention and the outcomes. Method Three databases (i.e. PsycInfo, MedLine and Eric) were searched, and 14 studies on DAT were included. The Joanna Briggs Institute checklist (JBIC) and the quality criteria developed by the IAHAIO were used during data extraction. Characteristics of the participants, the intervention, the therapy dogs and the outcomes of the studies were summarised. Results Six of the 14 included studies reported significant outcomes of DAT, whereof six in the social domain and two in the psychological domain. However, scores on the JBIC indicated low to moderate methodological quality and only three of the included studies adhered to the IAHAIO quality criteria. Conclusions DAT is a promising intervention for children with behavioural and developmental disorders, especially for children with autism spectrum disorder. A clear description of the therapy’s components, the role of the therapy dog and analysis of the treatment integrity and procedural fidelity would improve the methodological quality of the studies and the field of dog-assisted interventions.
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-022-00239-9
       
  • Parents’ Perceptions of Coaching and Low-Intensity Therapy for Young
           Children on the Autism Spectrum

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      Abstract: Objectives There is limited research evaluating parent perceptions of early intervention. The current study aimed to examine parent experiences of Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) parent coaching and therapist-delivered ESDM (low-intensity therapy). Methods Parents of children with autism participated in semi-structured interviews and data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Perceived facilitators included the accommodation of parents’ needs, the delivery of the coaching, the home-based setting, and the professional’s personal characteristics and relationship with the family. Perceived barriers included the structure of the low-intensity therapy and difficulty in observing therapy sessions. Parents generally preferred the parent coaching to the low-intensity therapy due to the importance of helping their own child. Conclusions These results emphasize the importance of including parents in the provision of early intervention.
      PubDate: 2022-01-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-021-00233-7
       
  • The Relationship Between Autism Diagnostic Criteria and Problematic Eating
           Behaviors

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      Abstract: Objectives We examined problematic eating behaviors among a sample of young autistic adults to better understand the purported relationship between autism and eating disorders. We hypothesized that autistic participants would score higher on measures of problematic eating behavior compared to a non-autistic comparison group, but that autistic participants would not report elevated levels of weight and shape concern. We also conducted an exploratory analysis to examine the extent to which each autism diagnostic criterion was associated with problematic eating behavior. Methods Seventy-four autistic and 40 non-autistic young adults aged between 18 and 25 years completed an online survey consisting of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Nine-Item Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder Screen (NIAS), autism spectrum quotient (AQ), and Autism Eating Behavior Questionnaire. Results Autistic individuals self-reported higher levels of problematic eating behavior than non-autistic individuals as measured using the EDE-Q, NIAS, and Autism Eating Behavior Questionnaire; however, contrary to expectations, weight and shape concern were also elevated. Autism diagnostic criteria explained a combined 19.2% of the variance in EDE-Q global score and 19.0% of the variance in NIAS total score; however, individually, only diagnostic criterion B4 (sensory sensitivities) was significantly associated with EDE-Q global score, and only diagnostic criterion B3 (restricted interests) was significantly associated with NIAS total score. Conclusions These results suggest that autistic individuals may experience autism-focused eating behaviors in conjunction with, rather than instead of, typical eating disorder cognitions.
      PubDate: 2022-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s41252-021-00231-9
       
 
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