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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
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African Journal of Social Work
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2409-5605
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Awareness and knowledge of family life education services among Nigerian
           youth: implications for social work

    • Authors: Charity Ngozi Uzuegbu , Udeze Onyinye Nnenna
      Pages: 72 - 80
      Abstract: Good and stable society is the major goal of the sustainable development goals (SDGs). For effective and sustainable development, the Social Welfare department of Nigeria helps to provide family life education for the youth. This study explored the level of awareness and knowledge of the family life education services by the youth in Enugu-North Senatorial Zone of Enugu state, Nigeria. In the study, the relevance of the Social Welfare department in achieving sustainable development in the country was created. The study was carried out with 400 respondents selected from the youth using multi-staged random sampling technique. Data was collected using questionnaire while it was analyzed using frequencies, percentages and chi-square (χ2). The result showed that the level of awareness and knowledge of family life education among the youth was low. Recommendations are made on the need for awareness creation on family life education and the relevance of Social Welfare services in the society. These services are to be headed by Social Workers to help achieve SDGs in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Seasonal migration as strategy for livelihood diversification and
           environmental adaptation in Nepal

    • Authors: Dipak Raj Rai, Megh Raj Dangal
      Pages: 81 - 90
      Abstract: This article explores seasonal migration as a household strategy for livelihood diversification and environmental adaptation in Nepal's rural mid-hill region to secure livelihoods and cope with environmental difficulties. This relational ethnographic study was conducted in Rukum East, the western part of Nepal, among the Kham Magars, where families migrate seasonally within their region, country, and India, and linked to the New Economics of Labor Migration theoretical approach. Information was obtained through in-depth interviews, participant observation, and living with community members in the study area. Families migrate seasonally to diversify and maximize their livelihood opportunities and income, which helps them with quick remittance earning, risk reduction, increased food security, and the utilization of family labor forces. Seasonal migration to pastoral land for cattle rearing and marijuana cultivation, combined with small-scale farming activities, contributes significantly to the generation of quick cash and food balance. The decision to migrate seasonally is made after assessing agriculture season, weather change as an adaptation to the extent of agriculture, and livelihood activities that will assist families in preserving and utilizing resources that are directly linked to an environmentally dependent livelihood system.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • The perceptions of community members about coronavirus pandemic: A case
           study of Robe and Shashemene towns, Oromia Ethiopia

    • Authors: Gamachu Gishe, Tamirat Hailu, Ramato Aman, Sisay Dango
      Pages: 91 - 97
      Abstract: This study aimed to explore the perceptions of community members about the coronavirus pandemic. A case study research design was utilized with 45 participants aged between 26 and 70 years old. In the very beginning when few coronavirus cases were reported, people were scared to death. But, as the numbers of infected cases were reported, more and more people have become used to the virus. Therefore, the coronavirus pandemic protocols like wearing face masks, physical distancing and all similar rules became relaxed. Most of the government workers like bank employees, traffic police informants, and all are well aware of COVID- 19 preventive methods. But the common people coming from varied educational levels who came in contact with the service rendering organizations defied the World Health Organization COVID-19 protective protocols. The study will support the Ethiopian government initiatives in fighting against the pandemic to protect its people from coronavirus by changing the wrong perception of the community towards the virus.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Cyberbullying among high school learners in Zimbabwe: Motives and effects

    • Authors: Vincent Mabvurira, Dickson Machimbidza
      Pages: 98 - 107
      Abstract: The influence of communication technology such as social media in Zimbabwean high schools has immensely contributed to cyberbullying among learners. The study sought to establish the motives and effects of cyberbullying among high school learners. The study triangulated both qualitative and quantitative research methodology. The study sample was made up of 3 teachers and 60 learners. The teachers participated in key informant interviews whilst learners responded to questionnaires. Of the 60 learners, 30 were further selected to participate in three focus group discussions each comprising of 10 learners in order to gain an in-depth qualitative reflection of the larger sample's experiences. The motives for cyberbullying among high school learners included differences, peer pressure, exposure to violent media, intimate relationships, fun and boredom, low self-esteem and jealous whereas the effects of cyberbullying were reported to be poor mental health, low school attendance rate, emotional instability, low self-esteem, suicidal thoughts, truancy and bad relationships among the learners. The study established that there is need for high school learners to be educated on safe and healthy methods of using information communication technologies. Learners’ online activities have to be monitored both at home and school so as to create a cyber-bullying free learning environment.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Social work field education in Wallaga University, Ethiopia: Challenges
           and opportunities from the perspectives of students, faculty liaisons and
           agency supervisors

    • Authors: Nimonam Daraje Amanu, Taye Dida Aredo
      Pages: 108 - 115
      Abstract: Social work field education is the core of social work education, which helps socialize students to perform the role of the practitioner. Multifaceted challenges, however, affected its effectiveness. The study aimed to investigate the challenges and opportunities of social work field education from the students’, faculty liaisons’, and agency supervisors’ perspectives. The study employed exploratory research as there was no well-developed literature so far. Data collected through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and key informant interviews from 35 purposely selected respondents were thematically analyzed. Results of the study revealed field education as a good opportunity where students practically examine, critique, and test the knowledge, skills, values, and principles in academic courses. The study further revealed various challenges, including shortage of allotted time; inconsistent supervision/guidance; school management negligence; faculty liaisons job overload; inaccessibility and unsuitability of agencies and more hindered the effective implementation of field education. The study implied that the nature of commitment and relationship among the key actors of field education, including the faculty liaisons, university, students, agency supervisors and the placement agency determines the effectiveness of field education. Therefore, strong collaboration, commitments and more were suggested to be harnessed to ensure the success of field education.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Challenges of Social Work in Nigeria: A policy agenda

    • Authors: Oluwaseyi Isaiah Alamu
      Pages: 116 - 122
      Abstract: Despite the various efforts put in by social workers, there are challenges posed as hindrances to the growth of welfare programs in the country. Parts of these challenges are the poor funding of education, welfare and infrastructures in Nigeria by government, individuals and other organisations. Some of those in the profession are not qualified or duly trained as a result of inadequate instructional materials. In addition, government’s commitment to seeing full effect of social work in the country was lagging behind by not providing a conducive environment for its operation. In order to achieve the purpose of social work in Nigeria such challenges need to be resolved. In view of this, social work was considered from a public administrator’s perspective. Consequently, this paper recommended that the professional body overseeing the social workers should be strengthened; level of training of social workers ought to be raised to global standards and government as well as other corporate bodies should have regular financial commitment to instigating welfare programs. It concluded that feasible policy agenda will engender effective social work activities in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Coping opportunities and deficits displayed by people living with HIV/AIDS
           (PLWHA) in Alice region, Eastern Cape, South Africa: Social work

    • Authors: Simon M. Kang'Ethe
      Pages: 123 - 132
      Abstract: Indubitably, the coping capacities of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) determine the success of antiretroviral therapies (ARVS) on them or their sinking into a bottomless pit of facing a constellation of opportunistic diseases, defaulting, or even facing immature death. With thirty-eight participants subjected to interviews and focus groups facilitated using an interview guide, this study aimed at exploring the perceptions of various stakeholders on the coping opportunities and deficits displayed by the PLWHA resident in Alice town and its adjacent villages. Findings established that PLWHA bolstered their coping through the support from family members, kins and communities, assistance from faith-based organizations; and engagement in support groups; while negative coping is driven by the PLWHA states of apathy driven by poverty, stigma, and discrimination; abuse of substances, and ignorance about the disease’s epidemiology and aetiology. The article has used the theory of ubuntu to explain various underpinnings of coping. Education on positive coping is critical for all the PLWHA so that they can reduce the chances of HIV/AIDS morbidity and immature death. The role of social workers in conducting educational sessions is critical.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Vulnerability, risks and coping: a case study of female street waste
           pickers in Mashaeng, Free State, South Africa

    • Authors: Manchee Joyce Ramelelle, Mzukisi Xweso
      Pages: 133 - 141
      Abstract: As a result of high levels of unemployment in South Africa, many unskilled people are forced to resort to a variety of income-generating activities in the informal economy, such as picking waste left on streets, which makes them vulnerable and involves risks. Collecting and selling recyclables has become an income-generating activity, as it presents employment for many of the unemployed around the world. However, in the midst of trying to survive on the fringes of the informal economy, street waste pickers are faced with unfavorable working conditions, characterised by marginalisation and indecency. The study described in this article adopted a qualitative research approach and investigated 20 female street waste pickers. It explored the challenges encountered by street waste pickers in Mashaeng, in the Free State province of South Africa and how they coped with them. Resilience theory provided the theoretical basis for the study. The study acquired information through semi-structured individual interviews. The data that the interviews generated were analysed by means of thematic analysis. The study findings revealed that street waste pickers are subjected to risks in the context of their work. Moreover, they lack the skills and education that would enable them to secure better employment. The authors recommend that transformative social policy be formulated in the interests of waste pickers. Furthermore, community-based approaches that ensure street waste pickers' social inclusion should be prioritised.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
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