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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
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Social Work and Society
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.132
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1613-8953
Published by U of Duisburg-Essen Homepage  [1 journal]
  • (De)Institutionalisation of Education and Social Care

    • Authors: Fabian Kessl, Claudia Machold, Nicolle Pfaff, Martina Richter, Anja Tervooren
      Abstract: The institutionalisation of education and care is a characteristic of modern society. In its current form, it has been shaped historically in the process of nation building as a part of public education and public social services. Thus, institutionalisation refers to specific forms of the arrangement of education and social pedagogy, which includes legalisation, organisation and professionalisation as main characteristics. This is how institutions shape pedagogical as well as practices of care and individual lives.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • The (de-)institutionalisation of empowerment. The complex remake of child
           and family welfare arrangements in Western Europe

    • Authors: Ingo Bode
      Abstract: Internationally, child and family welfare provision is widely expected to contribute to the empowerment of young people. Over the last decades, related activities have seen a progressive movement of institutionalisation, given the amplification and further professionalisation of welfare programmes, particularly those related to early childhood education and child protection work. Tacking stock of studies from various European countries, this review essay argues that institutional change in this universe has nonetheless been paradoxical as relevant arrangements have been subject to movements of de-institutionalisation, due to the rise of ‘activation schemes’, new modes of public management, and a creeping re-conceptualisation of the educational and social work endeavour. This makes the empowerment agenda selective and less inclusive overall.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • A critical exploration of institutional logics of de-institutionalisation
           in the field of disability policy and practice: Towards a socio-spatial
           professional orientation

    • Authors: Griet Roets, Matthias Remmery, Dries Cautreels, Simon Allemeersch, Toon Benoot, Rudi Roose
      Abstract: This contribution throws light on how historical as well as contemporary interpretations of ‘de-institutionalisation’ in the institutional field of disability policy and practice have transformed over time and place/context, yet continue to be essentially ambiguous and contested. We address that the current ‘community turn’ has gradually produced a problematic dichotomy in disability policy and practice between ‘segregated living in residential, institutional contexts’ being framed as something to avoid, and ‘inclusive living in the community’ as a desirable goal. We suggest that a socio-spatial professional orientation might enable us to de-institutionalise this dominant dichotomy.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Relational Constitution of Institutional Spaces. Balancing Act between
           Openness and Pedagogical Space Shaping in Open Child and Youth Work

    • Authors: Christian Reutlinger
      Abstract: This article examines the tension between openness and processes of institutionalization in the German social work field of open child and youth work (German: Offene Kinder- und Jugendarbeit). Drawing on a case study, the article first illustrates how youth workers, by adopting the principle of openness enshrouded in the concept of open child and youth work, were able to successfully develop a youth center as an institute for social work. In its initial phase, as this article describes, openness helped the youth center achieve a boom in youth participation. From a spatial perspective, the article depicts that this period of success was, however, followed by a challenging lull, which resulted from processes of exclusion as the youth center was perceived to be a closed space for particular youth groups. Paradoxically, therefore, this lull was the converse of the youth workers’ previous success in opening the center to “their” young people. In opening the center to a particular community of young people, the youth workers implicitly closed the center to others. The third section therefore reflects on the youth workers’ processes of openness and exclusion: How can youth workers successfully navigate the everyday “jungle” of their work with their particular youth group without excluding other young people' Is it even possible to adopt an open approach to social work without excluding some groups' The article concludes with conceptual reflections on how social work institutions can be understood as institutional spaces and how they can be spatially decoded and professionally constructed. Accordingly, it shows how, on the one hand, youth workers’ institutional practices are shaped by both the spatial environment (cf. Gutheil, 1992; Germain, 1981; Weinstein, 1979; Zapf, 2010) and institutional structures (cf. Goffman, 1961; Göhlich, 2010; McDonald, 2006; Foucault, 1977). On the other hand, the article explores how youth workers think and act always impact the institution and its programs (Barley/Tolbert, 1997) uncovering how professionals construct the available space and significantly influence the social relations and systems that are developed within its spatiality (DeVerteuil/Wilton, 2009).
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • The institutionalisation of childhood and the institutionalisation of
           education. Reconsidering a not so simple relationship

    • Authors: Sascha Neumann
      Abstract: In social sciences, the notion of institutionalisation of childhood is well established as a concept for theorizing childhood and analysing the social position of children in modern societies. Among scholars, there is broad agreement that the institutionalisation of education, especially scholarisation, makes up a major part of the institutionalisation of childhood. Assuming that both processes of institutionalisation are entangled, this paper will, nonetheless, argue, that they should not be confused with each other. Otherwise, it would not possible to study how these processes are related and interfere. In a first step, it will be illustrated in how far the institutionalisation of childhood can systematically and analytically be distinguished from the notion of the institutionalisation of education. In a second step, the relationship of both processes will be further clarified by referring to empirical findings and data of two research projects. Besides the interference, the two examples demonstrate as well the different theoretical conclusions which both perspectives suggest.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Great Recession and Social Exclusion: Homeless People in the City of

    • Authors: Iria Noa de la Fuente-Roldán, Esteban Sánchez-Moreno
      Abstract: This article aims to analyse the impact of the Great Recession that arrived in Spain in 2008 in terms of how it has intensified and transformed social inequalities in general, and homelessness in particular. In this regard, the present article examines the social change processes in the Spanish labour market, welfare system and housing market in order to analyse their effect in transforming the life pathways that have led to homelessness in the city of Madrid (Spain). A qualitative methodology was used in the form of a biographical approach involving 10 life stories from the homeless population of Madrid. The main conclusion of the study is that the socio-structural transformations that have occurred in the Spanish context are having an increased impact on the incidence and transformation of the homeless realities.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • Researching welfare regimes from below – a comparative study on youth
           unemployment in Spain and Germany

    • Authors: Christoph Gille, Ute Klammer
      Abstract: The analysis of the welfare capitalist regimes of Spain and Germany is used as an example to discuss the yield of welfare state research from below. How do welfare capitalist regimes look when analysed from an agency perspective and on the basis of narrative interviews' After discussing methodological foundations and research design, the article displays six exemplary features of the compared regimes. The results show how dominant political discourses like the one of the “activating” state are rejected when analysed from an actor-based perspective. Additionally, it indicates how even obstinate interpretations stabilise regimes and contribute to the exclusion of the unemployed. Finally, the perspective makes it possible to overcome the methodological nationalism of regime analysis: although different in form, young unemployed people in Spain and Germany are equally affected by the dismantling of social rights and the transformation of welfare capitalism.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • Stigmatisation of Youth in Residential Care as Epistemic Violence

    • Authors: Sara Blumenthal
      Abstract: The following article illustrates the stigmatisation of youth by caregivers in residential care drawing on ethnographic field notes and interview material gathered within an Austrian facility. Based on these results, the article argues that stigmatisation not only allows violence, but is in itself a form of violence, namely epistemic violence. With the concept of epistemic violence, the knowledge dimensions of violence, such as devaluating the addressees of residential care, is pointed out. Within the presented ethnographic material, epistemic violence can also be traced back to limited forms of pedagogical practice on part of the caregivers. The article concludes, that the occurrence of epistemic violence by caregivers points towards the need for reforms on three levels  the training and further education of caregivers, reforms within the field of residential care and reforms of the broader spectrum of social services.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • Vulnerable families in Ukraine as the main social service users:
           comparison of the pre-pandemic and pandemic period

    • Authors: Anna Slozanska, Svitlana Stelmakh, Iryna Krynytska
      Abstract: Nowadays Ukraine implements the new system of social work and social services providing due to which all services should be delivered at the level of territorial communities to individuals and families in need. However, in the world of increasing of people (families) in vulnerability and limited resources it is important to know what factors caused vulnerability, whether they are different in COVID-2019 times and what system it is important to build at the local level to help families to overcome challenges and problems they face. The article is dedicated to the analyses of factors causing vulnerability among families in the world and in Ukraine before and in time of the pandemic and highlights the impact social services providers have on the families in territorial communities to prevent or cope with vulnerability. The analysis of literature and data received from the Ministry of Social Politics of Ukraine and Regional Centers of Social Services gives proper information. Finally, the recommendations for government and social services providers have been proposed for making the social work system better at the level of local communities.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Relationship between Organisational Factors and Job Frustration among
           Saudi Social Workers

    • Authors: Abdulaziz Albrithen, Nadir A. Yalli
      Abstract: The relationship between organisational factors (e.g. organisational structure and resources) and job frustration can affect the outcomes of social work in different ways. By using quantitative methodology and social survey (n= 266), this descriptive study aims to analyse the relationship between the organisational factors and the job frustration among social workers which influence the performance of social work roles in Saudi hospitals. The study findings show that job frustration can be determined by the extent to which they perceive clarity in the job and the extent to which they perceive adequate autonomy to carry out their roles.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
  • Single mothers figuring out their future family life – understanding
           family development after separation and divorce drawing upon the concept
           of configuration

    • Authors: Claudia Equit, Matthias Euteneuer, Uwe Uhlendorff
      Abstract: In this paper, we will discuss the results of a qualitative longitudinal study on single parent families against the background of the concept of configuration as developed by Norbert Elias. We will examine the extent to which the conceptual and analytical possibilities of this approach help us to understand the dynamics of family development after divorce or separation. Our qualitative study is focused on the question of how single mothers reflect upon, develop, and change their family configurations after separation and divorce. Based on semi-structured interviews, we explore four issues from the point of view of single mothers: (1) in which kind of family configuration are single mothers living' (2) What kind of family configuration do they want to live in future' (3) Which patterns of orientation underlie their reflection processes and serve as key drivers for the intended transformations or perpetuation of their family configuration' Overall, we will argue that the concept of relative autonomy for the people involved in (family) configurations is extremely helpful for both the academic understanding of family development and the practical social work with families.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 1 (2022)
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