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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 201 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted by number of followers
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access  
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access  
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access  
Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift     Open Access  
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal  

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Global Social Welfare
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2196-8799
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • A Cross-Sectional Examination of Educational Expectation Among Welfare
           Users in an Asset Building Program

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      Abstract: Abstract The Children’s Savings Accounts (CSAs) program, an asset-building intervention, has gained increasing attention for its potential to elevate low-in families’ education expectations, college enrollment, and completion. Variations in program enrollment policy can lead to different levels of program participation among vulnerable populations. This paper examines the enrollment policy of one of the oldest CSA programs and explores program participation among a financially vulnerable group—welfare users. While welfare users were 43% less likely to expect their children to attend college, those who enrolled in the CSA program were about two times more likely to expect their children to go to college than welfare users who did not participate in the program. Findings shed light on research and policies that facilitate asset-building efforts among vulnerable populations and encourage visioning CSAs a potential drive for better financial inclusion.
      PubDate: 2023-01-25
       
  • Financial Capability and Asset Building Training in Ghana Through
           Project-Based Learning

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      Abstract: Abstract Since 2008, the continuous global resurgence of economic and financial meltdown, often with its attendant adverse effects on Africa, makes it imperative for social work education to consider introducing financial literacy training for students to ensure that graduates of social work can affect change among populations it serves. The World Bank Group (2019) recons that from 2010, the financial sector in Ghana has been growing rapidly; however, the efforts to equip social work professionals with financial capability and asset building (FCAB) competencies are lagging. Many social workers receive little training and education regarding helping clients build stable and secure financial lives. Yet, there is a greater need for such professionals who provide social and economic services to vulnerable populations to ensure that they are fully included in the emerging financial sector. The paper explores FCAB training in Ghana and discusses (a) the need for FCAB in social work, (b) how social workers contribute to FCAB to improve client’s financial well-being, and (c) the strategies for leveraging project-based learning approaches to advance FCAB training in social work. This paper recommends forging collaborations with organisations and agencies that work in FCAB in Ghana to provide field education to students, build the capacity of faculty and students to engage in community-based FCAB related research, and build the capacity of field education agencies to design and facilitate effective project-based learning opportunities for practicum students. These strategies could potentially equip a new cadre of professional social workers with FCAB competencies.
      PubDate: 2022-12-27
       
  • Men’s Experience of Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equality: A
           Phenomenological Study in Kerala, India

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      Abstract: Abstract One of the more significant challenges toward achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment is in overcoming the resistance of other members in the community, especially men, to social change. So often, men have stood as the gatekeepers of such change as they hold positions of authority and control over both public and domestic spaces. Men therefore have abundant influence on gender norms, and by extension on the measure of success of a women’s empowerment intervention. Unfortunately, conventional program strategies have not accounted for men’s support or rejection of new social behaviors, nor included mechanisms to inspire positive changes in men as well as empower women. This is largely because there is a lack of research on how men perceive women’s empowerment, how these perceptions form, and the factors that influence a decision-making calculus in determining whether or not men will support such social changes. This paper takes up this issue and presents the findings of a descriptive phenomenological study of the experiences of men whose wives recently graduated from a women’s empowerment project. The structure of their experience is explored using phenomenological analysis methods, and a set of important themes are defined that can be used to improve future interventions in a similar context. Notable themes identified include men’s ability to acknowledge injustices faced by women and the level of understanding of and beliefs around women's role in society. This approach is a promising practice that can serve other contexts where similar challenges are faced.
      PubDate: 2022-12-24
       
  • Taking Stock of Policies, Regulations, and Initiatives That Leverage
           Technology to Build Trust: Lessons from Ghana’s Financial Sector

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      Abstract: Abstract Technological innovations that increase trust in the financial sector can drive financial growth. Using Ghana as a case study, this study reviewed technology-focused policies, strategy documents, and peer-reviewed literature to assess how financial technology is being utilized to build trust in financial institutions. The literature search revealed that two categories of technological applications are being used to build trust: payment platforms and trade and investment technologies. The findings showed that Ghana has adopted wide-ranging initiatives to build trust—for example, the National Digital Property Addressing System, the Re-registration of SIM Cards, and the passage of the Data Protection Act (Act 843 of 2012). We also identified key challenges associated with leveraging technologies in the sector. Valuable for financial institutions, academics, practitioners, and other financial-sector actors, the insights from this study could enhance policy formulation and implementation across other jurisdictions.
      PubDate: 2022-12-22
       
  • Beyond the Law: Challenges of Statutory Adoption in Igbo Society

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      Abstract: Background The Igbos of South-eastern Nigeria purport to place an immeasurable value on the idea of having children and, on that basis, welcome all children that come their way, irrespective of their source. However, their discriminatory attitudes towards children legally adopted by childless couples and interested singles among them in core issues in society negate this claim. Objectives The two-pronged aims of the study are to determine the ontological status of legal adoptees in Igbo society as well as the rationale behind the Igbos continued overt discrimination against statutory adoptees and their onward rejection of statutory adoption, while pretending to openly endorse it. Participants and Setting While the South-eastern Nigeria comprising of five Igbo-speaking states constitutes the setting of the study, the participants include men and women drawn from the five states. Methods An exploratory qualitative approach was used to understand the core reason(s) behind the Igbos hypocritical acceptance of statutory adoption. Data were collected via face-to-face in-depth and key informant interviews. Results Findings revealed that (1) in the Igbo hierarchy of beings, the legal adoptee enjoys the same social status as an osu (slave); and (2) absence of dowry and blood relationship with the statutory adoptees are the core reasons for the lack of their seamless acceptability and integration in Igbo society. Conclusions Given that adoption challenges border on human rights and personhood, more studies are needed to hand mark a better way of making the phenomenon of statutory adoption more acceptable to the Igbos.
      PubDate: 2022-12-17
       
  • Effect of Financial Literacy on Poverty Reduction Across Kenya, Tanzania,
           and Uganda

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      Abstract: Abstract Financial literacy can be critical to reducing poverty, but limited evidence exists on the mechanisms of change. Guided by the financial capability framework, this study examines the direct effects of financial literacy on poverty and the indirect effect through financial inclusion and entrepreneurship, using data from wave 5 of the InterMedia Financial Inclusion Insights Program for Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. We also examined how the relationships differ by gender and locality. Overall, the endogeneity-corrected results suggest that an increase in financial literacy is associated with a 6.9% decrease in poverty. We found that entrepreneurship and financial inclusion act as mechanisms of change through which financial literacy decreases poverty, with the findings differing by gender and locality. These findings point to the poverty-reducing effect of financial literacy, mainly in Tanzania, followed by Kenya and Uganda. The results contribute to understanding how financial literacy and poverty interact and can inform contextually relevant interventions and policies.
      PubDate: 2022-12-09
       
  • Emotional and Behavioral Disorders Among US-Born Children of South
           Sudanese Parents Resettled as Refugees

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      Abstract: Abstract Youth from resettled refugee families have elevated risk of developing serious mental health challenges. However, there is a gap in the scientific literature in that studies that investigate mental problems among youth in resettled refugee communities seldom distinguish between those who were resettled in the USA as refugees themselves and those born in the USA to refugee parents. This distinction is crucial because serious mental disorders and other emotional and behavioral challenges may be high in the two groups through different mechanisms including biological, sociodemographic, and environmental factors. To address this gap in the literature, we conducted a cross-sectional study to determine rates of various emotional and behavioral problems. Our study sample consisted of 76 youth born in the USA to South Sudanese mothers resettled in Nebraska and Tennessee. In this study, the rates of emotional and behavioral problems were 6.6% (depressive symptoms), 7.9% (antisocial behavior), 7.9% (anxiety symptoms), 10.5% (PTSD), and 11.8% (aggressive behavior). Risk factors for behavioral and emotional problems included number of siblings (OR = 1.5 to 1.9), maternal divorced marital status (OR = 6.2 to 13.7), and mother’s low level of education (OR = 5.0). This study found that youth born in the USA to resettled refugee parents from South Sudan had high level of emotional and behavioral problems suggesting this vulnerable population warrants research scrutiny to develop interventions to address their mental health challenges.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00228-9
       
  • Victimization by Multiple Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence:
           Seeking its Factors via the Multiple Disadvantage Model

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      Abstract: Abstract The applied model—the multiple disadvantage model—examined factors related to victimization by multiple perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). The sample was 3226 women completing the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Logistic regression results showed likelihood of victimization by multiple IPV perpetrators to be associated negatively with being married/cohabiting, relatives’ helpfulness, friends’ helpfulness, mental health professionals’ helpfulness, mental health, and age, while being associated positively with education level, IPV perpetration by current partner, telling informal support about IPV, duration of limitation of activities due to health/mental health, telling professionals about IPV, and perpetrator’s substance use. The findings’ implications include a need to raise survivors’ and service providers’ awareness of effects of victimization by multiple IPV perpetrators.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00238-7
       
  • Primary Health Care Providers Perceived Challenges in Detecting
           Psychiatric Disorders Among Adolescents in a Primary Health Care Facility
           in Kenya

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      Abstract: Purpose The objective of the study was to determine perceived health care provider factors that lead to undetected psychiatric diagnosis among adolescents. Study Design The study was a mixed method cross-sectional study. This paper is derived from the qualitative interviews. Methods Healthcare providers were assessed using a researcher-developed semi-structured questionnaire. The researcher read out the questions to the research participants and then wrote verbatim the responses on the space provided. Forty healthcare providers were purposively sampled and included both clinicians and nurses that attend to adolescents in the outpatient department at the Limuru health center facility. Results The participants identified various factors that contributed to low detection of psychiatric disorders among adolescents which included lack of adequate knowledge, lack of communication skills, shortage of consultation time, and lack of diagnostic supporting assessment tools. The most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders, by providers, were stress and psychosis. Most providers preferred to not give a psychiatric diagnosis, even when the index of suspicion was high, one to avoid “stigmatizing the patient,” and because they felt unsure of the precise diagnosis. Conclusion The study concluded that there were various perceived factors that led to low detection of psychiatric disorders among adolescents by clinicians at the primary health care level facilities, and these should be addressed. Study Implication This study provides a basis to push for further implementation of policies that support the integration of mental health at the primary health care level and to advice on the training curriculum used to train health care providers pre-service and in-service.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00229-8
       
  • Perceptions Regarding Education as a Way to Improve Living Conditions in
           Mexico: a Qualitative Exploration

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      Abstract: Abstract This study explores perceptions about educational attainment as a way to improve living conditions in Mexico. We focus specifically on two questions: (1) What are people’s perceptions towards educational attainment and improved living conditions'; and (2a) Do these perceptions differ by the level of education attained; (2b) Do these perceptions differ by gender' The research draws upon data from semi-structured interviews (N = 247) that were conducted in four Mexican states with different levels of social welfare: Mexico City, Tamaulipas, State of Mexico, and Oaxaca. The interviewees were selected using the snowball method and other eligibility criteria such as level of education and age (17 years and older), and the data were analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. The findings show that respondents with lower levels of education saw education as a means to securing better jobs and better outcomes in other spheres of their lives. Contradictory sentiments were expressed by respondents in the graduate education group, while some respondents in this group saw educational attainment as a way of ensuring access to well-paying jobs and better welfare other indicated that education does not always guarantee a change in their socioeconomic status. As expected, a strong link between educational attainment and improved living conditions was reported by respondents in the highly educated group. Implications for policy and gendered interventions are suggested.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00236-9
       
  • Social Consequences of Conflict-Induced Internal Displacement in Adama
           City and Sabata Town of Oromia Region, Ethiopia

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      Abstract: Abstract Internal displacement was recognized during the late 1980s and became prominent on the international agenda in the 1990s. There are 2421 internally displaced people who were displaced from the Somali Regional State due to the interethnic conflict that occurred between the Oromo and Somali ethnic groups living around the borders in the eastern part of Ethiopia and settled in Adama city and Sabata town. The objective of this paper is to determine the social consequences of conflict-induced internal displacement on internally displaced people and host communities. Data collection methods were quantitative and qualitative data collection methods. The quantitative data collection method was survey questionnaires administered to 384 household heads. The qualitative data collection methods were key informant interviews, focus group discussion, and observation. The data were analyzed using logistic regression and linear multiple regression. The consequences of conflict-induced internal displacement on house rent, healthcare service costs, educational fees, student dropout, and student enrollment are analyzed using linear multiple regression. On the other hand, the consequence of conflict-induced internal displacement on social disintegration is analyzed using logistic regression. Internal displacement significantly affects the price of house rent (B = 0.262, p < 0.01), affects healthcare service costs (B = 0.262, p < 0.01), and is significantly related to social disintegration at p < 0.01. Internal displacement and student enrollment significantly affect educational fees (B = 0.233, p < .0.01, and 0.785, p < 0.01, respectively) and internal displacement, student enrollment, and educational fees significantly affected student dropout (B = 0.107, p < 0.01, B = 0.853, p < 0.01, and B = 0.096, p < 0.01, respectively). The findings show that conflict-induced internal displacement severely disrupts the social fabric of communities and makes the task of rebuilding lives and reintegrating more challenging after displacement. The findings also revealed that internally displaced people have no access to social services such as health, education, and potable water, are living in congested and overcrowded camp settings, are affected by discrimination and marginalization from the host community, and are affected by psychological trauma. The social consequences of conflict-induced internal displacement on internally displaced people are homelessness, social disintegration, poor health, loss of education, and psychological trauma. On the other hand, the social consequences of conflict-induced internal displacement on host communities are changing gender roles and age-related responsibilities and expectations complementing changes in the structure and function of social networks, the agency of displaced people, their social empowerment and new forms of leadership, and power structures in the host population. To ameliorate the social consequences of conflict-induced internal displacement, the study recommended increasing internally displaced people’s engagement and representation in community-based organizations and supporting them in better participating in authorities to address internally displaced peoples’ concerns.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
       
  • Financial Capability in Africa: Innovation Through Evidence, Practice, and
           Policy

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      PubDate: 2022-11-26
       
  • Victim-Survivors, Family and Domestic Violence Service Providers and
           Support People: Identification of Priority Issues for Research and
           Translation into Policy and Practice

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      Abstract: Purpose The rates of family and domestic violence (FDV) remain significantly high in Australia, and to address this, we need to ensure that victim-survivors of FDV are at the centre of these efforts. The research objective was to determine priority issues for future research and policy in FDV as determined by victim-survivors of FDV, providers of FDV services and informal support people. Methods A survey was made available online and a recruitment email sent out to FDV service providers, victim-survivor support groups and professional networks for the survey recruitment of victim-survivors, informal support people and workers within FDV services. Survey questions asked for demographic information and an open-ended question to identify priority issues for research and translation in FDV. It was completed by 150 respondents in Western Australia with 70% identifying as victim-survivors and heavily biased towards women (94%). Qualitative content analysis was utilised to code participant responses into themed areas. Results A range of priority areas were identified for research and translation including non-physical abuse, justice system reforms, accommodation, mental health of victim-survivors, children’s health and wellbeing, education and prevention and perpetrator accountability. Conclusions Victim-survivors, FDV service providers and informal support people identified a number of priority issues for research and translation into policy and practice. It is essential that victim-survivors are given opportunities to provide their views, knowledge and recommendations to develop research agendas, policy, practice and strategies aimed at reducing FDV in the community.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
       
  • Analysis of Ghana’s National Financial Inclusion and Development
           Strategy: Lessons Learned

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper explores the role of Ghana’s National Financial Inclusion and Development Strategy (NFIDS) in fostering a robust regulatory and policy environment to enhance financial inclusion. The paper applies Ginsberg and Miller-Cribbs’ (2005) policy analysis framework to the analysis of financial inclusion. We found that Ghana’s implementation of various financial infrastructures and initiatives, including interoperable retail payment and QR code systems, have facilitated the digitalization of financial services. These changes have contributed to an increase in mobile money account holders, mobile microinsurance, and mobile lending services. However, the findings revealed (a) a lack of evidence of the policy’s impact on the disparity in access to financial services in some regions and demographics, (b) insufficient progress tracking of the financial service agenda as aimed in the policy, and (c) ambiguity in the funding of the NFIDS implementation. Other challenges to the policy include high rates of financial illiteracy, cybercrimes and fraud, unstable internet connectivity, high-interest rate, high charges of mobile and digital services, and lack of confidence in the legal system to seek redress. Overall, Ghana has made significant progress in promoting financial inclusion on the African continent. Policy and practical implications of the findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00255-6
       
  • Financial Capability and Asset Building (FCAB) for Persons with
           Disabilities in Ghana: the Role of Social Workers

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      Abstract: Abstract Persons with disabilities (PWDs) are over-represented among the poorest populations in developing countries. They often encounter several challenges in accessing financial services and are financially vulnerable and prone to poverty. Most PWDs in developing countries, such as Ghana, are less likely to have the requisite economic socialisation and education leading to gainful employment, compared to their counterparts without disabilities. This could worsen their economic resilience and adversely impact their daily lives. Pragmatic and robust policy interventions are required to reverse these financial vulnerabilities for PWDs in Ghana. Guided by the financial capability framework, this paper argues that financial capability and asset building (FCAB) interventions are imperative in promoting financial inclusion and literacy for PWDs. In lieu of this, social workers have very critical roles to play, as they often work with financially vulnerable populations like PWDs. Social workers could work as advocates, mobilisers, facilitators and educators in FCAB interventions in the pursuit of breaking the cycle of poverty among PWDs.
      PubDate: 2022-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00250-x
       
  • Romantic Relationship Patterns, Detailed Covariates, and Impacts on
           Education: a Study on Young Adults in the U.S. Using ICPSR Dataset

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      Abstract: Abstract Romantic relationship (RR) is inevitable among adolescents that faced various challenges in the process of physical and psychological development. However, worldwide statistics reported a drop in the marriage and birth rate. This raises a concern and urgent in warrantying a fruitful RR among young adults without affecting academic performance. This study utilizes ICPSR’s National longitudinal study of young adults (aged 18–27) datasets in analysing RR’s covariates and its impacts on education. Three datasets are merged, cleaned, and transformed (N = 2473, currently in relationship = 2218 (89.69%)). SPSS is used to analyse the correlation between RR with various factors (86 demographic variables, 56 RR detail variables, and 30 educational performance variables). Results showed that the pattern of RR is that 96% of young adults (93.18% aged 19–24) experienced 1st romantic relationship with 41.24% scored CGPA 2.0–2.9. 11 demographic variables, 11 romantic details variables, and 45 academic performance variables are significantly related to RR. RR also positively impacts CGPA and reduce the failure rate significantly. This study is important in providing insight in the future research in the construction of predictive modelling of young adults’ RR and academic performance to increase the success of young adults’ marriage while warrantying educational quality to promote a healthy society.
      PubDate: 2022-11-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00254-7
       
  • Smallholder Livestock Keepers’ Breeding Choices and Its Implication on
           Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries: Empirical Evidence from
           Tanzania

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      Abstract: Abstract The livestock sector in developing countries is characterized by poverty and outdated methods of rearing animals; thus, any initiatives to reverse the situation must focus on improving the breeding types of animals and making the process affordable across the entire livestock keeping societies. Therefore, this study examines determinants of smallholder livestock keepers’ breeding choices and their implications on poverty reduction in Tanzania. It employed multinomial logit and probit models to examine breeding choices and their effects on poverty reduction, respectively. Findings showed that the sector is male dominated and largely conducted in rural areas, of which breeding choices are dominated by traditional breeds (56.34%), while improved beef and dairy breeds formed 40.51% and 3.06% of entire livestock, respectively. Moreover, the multinomial logit model results showed that residence, zone, education, and per capita income are significant determinants of livestock breeding choices among smallholder livestock keepers. Probit model results showed that improved beef and dairy breeds significantly reduce poverty compared to traditional breeds. The study recommends developing countries to have clear strategies of improving animal breeds by introducing local breeding improvement programs in all public ranching sites. This should go hand in hand with the improvement of local veterinary centers to reduce animal fatalities and enabling livestock keepers to access medics at lower or subsided costs.
      PubDate: 2022-10-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00252-9
       
  • The Burden of Teenage Alcohol Consumption in Andhra Pradesh State,
           India—Epidemiology and Social Context

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      Abstract: Aim To determine the prevalence and factors that predict alcohol consumption behavior among teenagers in Andhra Pradesh state, India. Subjects and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1030 teenagers aged 13–19 years selected by multi-stage random sampling. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect demographic information including questions about alcohol use, type of alcohol consumed, and age at first exposure to alcoholic beverages, frequency and duration of consumption, amount of alcohol consumed, and reasons for drinking and parental education and their habits. IBM SPSS version 25.0 was used to analyze the data (IBM Corp., Armonk, New York). Chi-square was used to determine the relationships between the variables. The link between alcohol use and associated variables was analyzed using binary logistic regression. Results The prevalence of alcohol use was about 30%, and the mean age of initiation of alcohol use was 15.52 + 2.08 years. The results of the Chi-square test revealed an association between alcohol consumption and age, gender, place of residence, socioeconomic status, tobacco use, and parental education (p < 0.05). Interestingly, family history of alcohol consumption, i.e., 176 (31.7%) had no significant association with alcohol use habit (p = 0.220). On regression analysis, the proportion of alcohol consumption was higher with the increase in age (OR = 1.612, CI = 1.394–1.864), male gender (OR = 4.958, CI = 2.902–8.470), urban residents (OR = 0.067, CI = 0.032–0.139), higher socioeconomic status (OR = .058, CI = .024–.140), tobacco users (OR = 0.054, CI = 0.026–0.113), and poor educational status of parents (OR = .240, CI = .122–.471). Conclusions The findings could help guide the development of a comprehensive, evidence-based, and consensus-driven national alcohol control policy to lessen the burden of teenage alcohol consumption.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00246-7
       
  • Recounting the Blessings and Curses of Living with a Disability: The
           Experiences of Persons with Visual and Physical Impairment in Accra

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      Abstract: Abstract Studies on the living conditions of persons with disability (PWD) in Ghana largely highlight the nonconformity between the physical environment and one’s physical appearance. Even though these studies offer an opportunity to explore the living conditions of PWD’s, they rarely focus on PWD’s interpretation of how their disability influences the enjoyment of various opportunities. Employing an exploratory research design, this study engaged 28 visually impaired and 22 physically challenged persons from the Accra Metropolitan Assembly. Audio tapes from interviews were transcribed and coded using MaxQDA. Thematic analysis was used, and findings from the study revealed that onset of disability did not entirely present a challenge as some recorded an increased sensitivity in other sense organs which played a critical role in discovering artistic skills. Consequently, experienced challenges were inclined to their social interactions which are fuelled by the inability of Ghanaian dialects to project PWDs as valuable members of society. A consultative educational framework by the National Council for Persons with Disability (NCPD) will be needed to overhaul society’s impression and status accorded to the disability community.
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00244-9
       
  • Physical Violence Against Women by Their Partner: A Latent Class
           Measurement and Causal Analysis from Rural Counterparts of Dakshin
           Dinajpur District, India

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      Abstract: Background This study examined a hypothesised relationship between a couple’s behavioural and cultural attitudes and the severity of physical partner violence among the ever-married women (aged 15–49) who inhabited rural parts of Dakshin Dinajpur district, West Bengal, India. Method A total of 182 sample women were included in the final causal path model which was one form of advanced Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) approach. This study also accounted for some latent construction models based on some allied indicator variables before establishing the final causal path model. Direct effects, indirect effects (mediation effect) in connection with direct effects and total effects of the exposures were estimated to test the hypothesised model. Result Results revealed that wives’ violence supporting attitudes (standardise β, 0.10; P < 0.001), partner’s domineering attitudes (standardise β, 0.29; P < 0.001), patriarchal family norms (standardise β, 0.39; P < 0.001), communication dysfunction (standardise β, 0.53; P < 0.001) and introvert attitudes (standardise β, 0.17; P < 0.001) all are some positive predictors for severe physical partner violence. Patriarchal family norms mediating with partner’s domineering attitudes can increase (standardise β, 0.55; P < 0.001) the severity of physical partner violence. In addition, an indirect positive association also has been established between wives’ introverted attitudes in combination with communication dysfunction (standardise β, 0.43; P < 0.001) on the severity of physical partner violence. Conclusion The study findings suggest that more socialization, life-long learning and skill development, stimulating positive behavioural attitudes and strengthening voice and representation for rural women are very much required to break the contemporary undesirable ambience.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00242-x
       
 
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