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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACOSS Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
African Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Argumentum     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access  
Bakti Budaya     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
British Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access  
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
ConCienciaSocial     Open Access  
Contemporary Rural Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Critical and Radical Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Cuadernos de Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
European Journal of Social Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Social Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Global Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Groupwork     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
HOLISTICA ? Journal of Business and Public Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Housing Policy Debate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Care and Caring     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Islamic Counseling : Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam     Open Access  
Janus Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti     Open Access  
Journal for Specialists in Group Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Comparative Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Danubian Studies and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Family Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Forensic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Human Rights and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 320)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145)
Journal of Public Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Leidfaden : Fachmagazin für Krisen, Leid, Trauer     Hybrid Journal  
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access  
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research     Open Access  
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri     Open Access  
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 170)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Prospectiva : Revista de Trabajo Social e Intervención Social     Open Access  
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Serviço Social em Perspectiva     Open Access  
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Service social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Social Work & Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Social Work / Maatskaplike Werk     Open Access  
Social Work and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Work Education: The International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Social Work With Groups     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
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Global Social Welfare
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2196-8799
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Emotional and Behavioral Disorders Among US-Born Children of South
           Sudanese Parents Resettled as Refugees

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      Abstract: Abstract Youth from resettled refugee families have elevated risk of developing serious mental health challenges. However, there is a gap in the scientific literature in that studies that investigate mental problems among youth in resettled refugee communities seldom distinguish between those who were resettled in the USA as refugees themselves and those born in the USA to refugee parents. This distinction is crucial because serious mental disorders and other emotional and behavioral challenges may be high in the two groups through different mechanisms including biological, sociodemographic, and environmental factors. To address this gap in the literature, we conducted a cross-sectional study to determine rates of various emotional and behavioral problems. Our study sample consisted of 76 youth born in the USA to South Sudanese mothers resettled in Nebraska and Tennessee. In this study, the rates of emotional and behavioral problems were 6.6% (depressive symptoms), 7.9% (antisocial behavior), 7.9% (anxiety symptoms), 10.5% (PTSD), and 11.8% (aggressive behavior). Risk factors for behavioral and emotional problems included number of siblings (OR = 1.5 to 1.9), maternal divorced marital status (OR = 6.2 to 13.7), and mother’s low level of education (OR = 5.0). This study found that youth born in the USA to resettled refugee parents from South Sudan had high level of emotional and behavioral problems suggesting this vulnerable population warrants research scrutiny to develop interventions to address their mental health challenges.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Victimization by Multiple Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence:
           Seeking its Factors via the Multiple Disadvantage Model

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      Abstract: Abstract The applied model—the multiple disadvantage model—examined factors related to victimization by multiple perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). The sample was 3226 women completing the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey. Logistic regression results showed likelihood of victimization by multiple IPV perpetrators to be associated negatively with being married/cohabiting, relatives’ helpfulness, friends’ helpfulness, mental health professionals’ helpfulness, mental health, and age, while being associated positively with education level, IPV perpetration by current partner, telling informal support about IPV, duration of limitation of activities due to health/mental health, telling professionals about IPV, and perpetrator’s substance use. The findings’ implications include a need to raise survivors’ and service providers’ awareness of effects of victimization by multiple IPV perpetrators.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Primary Health Care Providers Perceived Challenges in Detecting
           Psychiatric Disorders Among Adolescents in a Primary Health Care Facility
           in Kenya

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      Abstract: Purpose The objective of the study was to determine perceived health care provider factors that lead to undetected psychiatric diagnosis among adolescents. Study Design The study was a mixed method cross-sectional study. This paper is derived from the qualitative interviews. Methods Healthcare providers were assessed using a researcher-developed semi-structured questionnaire. The researcher read out the questions to the research participants and then wrote verbatim the responses on the space provided. Forty healthcare providers were purposively sampled and included both clinicians and nurses that attend to adolescents in the outpatient department at the Limuru health center facility. Results The participants identified various factors that contributed to low detection of psychiatric disorders among adolescents which included lack of adequate knowledge, lack of communication skills, shortage of consultation time, and lack of diagnostic supporting assessment tools. The most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders, by providers, were stress and psychosis. Most providers preferred to not give a psychiatric diagnosis, even when the index of suspicion was high, one to avoid “stigmatizing the patient,” and because they felt unsure of the precise diagnosis. Conclusion The study concluded that there were various perceived factors that led to low detection of psychiatric disorders among adolescents by clinicians at the primary health care level facilities, and these should be addressed. Study Implication This study provides a basis to push for further implementation of policies that support the integration of mental health at the primary health care level and to advice on the training curriculum used to train health care providers pre-service and in-service.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Perceptions Regarding Education as a Way to Improve Living Conditions in
           Mexico: a Qualitative Exploration

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      Abstract: Abstract This study explores perceptions about educational attainment as a way to improve living conditions in Mexico. We focus specifically on two questions: (1) What are people’s perceptions towards educational attainment and improved living conditions'; and (2a) Do these perceptions differ by the level of education attained; (2b) Do these perceptions differ by gender' The research draws upon data from semi-structured interviews (N = 247) that were conducted in four Mexican states with different levels of social welfare: Mexico City, Tamaulipas, State of Mexico, and Oaxaca. The interviewees were selected using the snowball method and other eligibility criteria such as level of education and age (17 years and older), and the data were analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. The findings show that respondents with lower levels of education saw education as a means to securing better jobs and better outcomes in other spheres of their lives. Contradictory sentiments were expressed by respondents in the graduate education group, while some respondents in this group saw educational attainment as a way of ensuring access to well-paying jobs and better welfare other indicated that education does not always guarantee a change in their socioeconomic status. As expected, a strong link between educational attainment and improved living conditions was reported by respondents in the highly educated group. Implications for policy and gendered interventions are suggested.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • Victim-Survivors, Family and Domestic Violence Service Providers and
           Support People: Identification of Priority Issues for Research and
           Translation into Policy and Practice

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      Abstract: Purpose The rates of family and domestic violence (FDV) remain significantly high in Australia, and to address this, we need to ensure that victim-survivors of FDV are at the centre of these efforts. The research objective was to determine priority issues for future research and policy in FDV as determined by victim-survivors of FDV, providers of FDV services and informal support people. Methods A survey was made available online and a recruitment email sent out to FDV service providers, victim-survivor support groups and professional networks for the survey recruitment of victim-survivors, informal support people and workers within FDV services. Survey questions asked for demographic information and an open-ended question to identify priority issues for research and translation in FDV. It was completed by 150 respondents in Western Australia with 70% identifying as victim-survivors and heavily biased towards women (94%). Qualitative content analysis was utilised to code participant responses into themed areas. Results A range of priority areas were identified for research and translation including non-physical abuse, justice system reforms, accommodation, mental health of victim-survivors, children’s health and wellbeing, education and prevention and perpetrator accountability. Conclusions Victim-survivors, FDV service providers and informal support people identified a number of priority issues for research and translation into policy and practice. It is essential that victim-survivors are given opportunities to provide their views, knowledge and recommendations to develop research agendas, policy, practice and strategies aimed at reducing FDV in the community.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
       
  • Analysis of Ghana’s National Financial Inclusion and Development
           Strategy: Lessons Learned

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper explores the role of Ghana’s National Financial Inclusion and Development Strategy (NFIDS) in fostering a robust regulatory and policy environment to enhance financial inclusion. The paper applies Ginsberg and Miller-Cribbs’ (2005) policy analysis framework to the analysis of financial inclusion. We found that Ghana’s implementation of various financial infrastructures and initiatives, including interoperable retail payment and QR code systems, have facilitated the digitalization of financial services. These changes have contributed to an increase in mobile money account holders, mobile microinsurance, and mobile lending services. However, the findings revealed (a) a lack of evidence of the policy’s impact on the disparity in access to financial services in some regions and demographics, (b) insufficient progress tracking of the financial service agenda as aimed in the policy, and (c) ambiguity in the funding of the NFIDS implementation. Other challenges to the policy include high rates of financial illiteracy, cybercrimes and fraud, unstable internet connectivity, high-interest rate, high charges of mobile and digital services, and lack of confidence in the legal system to seek redress. Overall, Ghana has made significant progress in promoting financial inclusion on the African continent. Policy and practical implications of the findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
       
  • Financial Capability and Asset Building (FCAB) for Persons with
           Disabilities in Ghana: the Role of Social Workers

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      Abstract: Abstract Persons with disabilities (PWDs) are over-represented among the poorest populations in developing countries. They often encounter several challenges in accessing financial services and are financially vulnerable and prone to poverty. Most PWDs in developing countries, such as Ghana, are less likely to have the requisite economic socialisation and education leading to gainful employment, compared to their counterparts without disabilities. This could worsen their economic resilience and adversely impact their daily lives. Pragmatic and robust policy interventions are required to reverse these financial vulnerabilities for PWDs in Ghana. Guided by the financial capability framework, this paper argues that financial capability and asset building (FCAB) interventions are imperative in promoting financial inclusion and literacy for PWDs. In lieu of this, social workers have very critical roles to play, as they often work with financially vulnerable populations like PWDs. Social workers could work as advocates, mobilisers, facilitators and educators in FCAB interventions in the pursuit of breaking the cycle of poverty among PWDs.
      PubDate: 2022-11-11
       
  • Romantic Relationship Patterns, Detailed Covariates, and Impacts on
           Education: a Study on Young Adults in the U.S. Using ICPSR Dataset

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      Abstract: Abstract Romantic relationship (RR) is inevitable among adolescents that faced various challenges in the process of physical and psychological development. However, worldwide statistics reported a drop in the marriage and birth rate. This raises a concern and urgent in warrantying a fruitful RR among young adults without affecting academic performance. This study utilizes ICPSR’s National longitudinal study of young adults (aged 18–27) datasets in analysing RR’s covariates and its impacts on education. Three datasets are merged, cleaned, and transformed (N = 2473, currently in relationship = 2218 (89.69%)). SPSS is used to analyse the correlation between RR with various factors (86 demographic variables, 56 RR detail variables, and 30 educational performance variables). Results showed that the pattern of RR is that 96% of young adults (93.18% aged 19–24) experienced 1st romantic relationship with 41.24% scored CGPA 2.0–2.9. 11 demographic variables, 11 romantic details variables, and 45 academic performance variables are significantly related to RR. RR also positively impacts CGPA and reduce the failure rate significantly. This study is important in providing insight in the future research in the construction of predictive modelling of young adults’ RR and academic performance to increase the success of young adults’ marriage while warrantying educational quality to promote a healthy society.
      PubDate: 2022-11-08
       
  • Women’s Participation in a Savings Group and Depression: a
           Community-Based Financial Capability Intervention in Mozambique

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      Abstract: Background As one of the fastest growing community-based financial capability approaches, village savings and loan group (VSLG) is an organized group and formal entity that creates opportunities for participants to save and access financial assets. VSLG has potentially positive impacts on increasing women’s financial resources and social support and further improves their mental health. Participation in a VSLG not only increases women’s opportunities for asset-building and income generation, but also facilitates trust and promotes social capital development. However, few studies have examined the association between the VSLG participation and women’s depression status. To fill the knowledge gap, we examined the association between the VSLG participation and depressive symptoms among low-income women in Mozambique. Methods The data was collected as part of the VSLG program evaluation. The study applied a posttest-only comparison group quasi-experimental design and sampled female VSLG participants and non-participants from three sub-villages in the Sofala province, Mozambique. A multi-stage sampling technique was employed, and a total of 205 women were randomly selected, including 105 VSLG participants and 100 non-participants. Depressive symptoms were measured using the short version of the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS) with a summative score ranging from 7 to 28. Using the cutoff value at a score of 14, we created a dichotomous depression indicator. Linear and logit models were used to examine the associations of the VSLG participation and the participation duration with the depression score and the presence of depression controlling for demographic variables. Results The VSLG participants had a statistically lower mean depression score of 12.2 (SD = 4.4) compared to non-participants (15.0, SD = 4.0, p < .001). The regression analysis suggested that the VSLG participants had a mean depression score of 2.7 lower than the non-participants (p < .001). Nearly 60% of the non-participants reported the presence of depression; however, this percentage is 31% for participants (p < .001). The multivariate logit model indicated the odds of the presence of depression for participants are .34 of that for non-participants. Similar results were obtained when the VSLG program duration was used as an independent variable. Conclusions Study findings showed a positive association between the VSLG participation and women’s mental health. Future research should further explore the intervention mechanisms and assess how the VSLG participation affects women’s mental health. Findings also provided important insights into developing community-based financial capability interventions to improve low-income women’s mental health.
      PubDate: 2022-11-02
       
  • Women and Politics: Coverage of 2021 Parliamentary Election Campaign in
           the Albanian Online Media

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      Abstract: Abstract This study aims to analyze the online media coverage of political discourse and portrayal of women, as political candidates and voters, during the electoral campaign of 2021 in Albania and raises two research questions with regard to this, employing a gender perspective. The study uses a qualitative methodology. Media content analysis is employed for the analysis of 1420 online articles, from 15 portals, 7 TVs, and 8 newspapers. The results show that political candidates are the subject of a gendered portrayal in media. Women receive less amount of time, more focus on personal life versus professional, and on “soft” issues; young candidates are on focus for being “surprise” or “clean” candidates; political party leaders follow the same gendered discourse, the narrative of political candidates’ interest, and objectives for women voters relates to their traditional role; women candidates’ looks and appearance are targeted in the media; and sexist language promotes hate speech and derogatory comments. To add to this picture, some women candidates promote the gender stereotypes’ game to appeal to their electorate, while there is almost no reflection by the media on the problematics of gender portraying during the electoral campaign.
      PubDate: 2022-10-26
       
  • Smallholder Livestock Keepers’ Breeding Choices and Its Implication on
           Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries: Empirical Evidence from
           Tanzania

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      Abstract: Abstract The livestock sector in developing countries is characterized by poverty and outdated methods of rearing animals; thus, any initiatives to reverse the situation must focus on improving the breeding types of animals and making the process affordable across the entire livestock keeping societies. Therefore, this study examines determinants of smallholder livestock keepers’ breeding choices and their implications on poverty reduction in Tanzania. It employed multinomial logit and probit models to examine breeding choices and their effects on poverty reduction, respectively. Findings showed that the sector is male dominated and largely conducted in rural areas, of which breeding choices are dominated by traditional breeds (56.34%), while improved beef and dairy breeds formed 40.51% and 3.06% of entire livestock, respectively. Moreover, the multinomial logit model results showed that residence, zone, education, and per capita income are significant determinants of livestock breeding choices among smallholder livestock keepers. Probit model results showed that improved beef and dairy breeds significantly reduce poverty compared to traditional breeds. The study recommends developing countries to have clear strategies of improving animal breeds by introducing local breeding improvement programs in all public ranching sites. This should go hand in hand with the improvement of local veterinary centers to reduce animal fatalities and enabling livestock keepers to access medics at lower or subsided costs.
      PubDate: 2022-10-22
       
  • Vulnerability to Rural Multidimensional Poverty in Southern Ethiopia

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      Abstract: Abstract While few studies have quantified the extent and examined the determinants of static multidimensional poverty, studies on the extent and determinants of dynamic rural multidimensional poverty are scarce. This study quantified the extent and examined the determinants of vulnerability to rural multidimensional poverty using the Chaudhri (2002) approach and the generalized ordered logit model respectively. Data were gathered from 415 random rural households in 2021 in southern Ethiopia. The study showed that the levels of rural multidimensional poverty and the vulnerability to rural multidimensional poverty are 72.3 and 84% respectively. This suggests that vulnerability is more widespread compared to current poverty. Besides, 66 (15.90%), 220 (53.10%), and 129 (31.08%) households are non-vulnerable ( \(V<0.50\) ), moderately vulnerable, and extremely vulnerable ( \(V\ge 0.56\) ) to future poverty respectively. About 276 (66.51%) and 97(23.37%) households are in chronic, and transitory rural multidimensional poverty. Of 349 vulnerable households, 129 (36.96%) of households are extremely vulnerable to future poverty. Of 173 extremely poor households, 167 (96.53%) households are extremely vulnerable to future deprivation. Female-headed households are more extremely vulnerable compared to male-headed households. Regression results highlighted that land size (β = − 3.07, t = − 4.65, p < 0.001), tropical livestock unit (β = − 0.67, t = − 4.32, p < 0.001), credit (β = -3.93, t = − 3.69, p < 0.001), mobiles per household (β = − 0.58, t = − 4.21, p < 0.001), extension visits (β = − 0.33, t = − 3.81, p < 0.001), death of animals (β = 2.21, t = 3.37, p < 0.001), age of household head (β = − 0.17, t = − 4.84, p < 0.001), being male-headed (β = − 0.88, t = − 2.15, p < 0.01), and crop failure (β = 1.38, t = 3.91, p < 0.001) are significantly affecting vulnerability to rural poverty. Hence, rural poverty reduction strategies need to aim not only to reduce current or ex-post poverty but also to prevent ex-ante or future poverty. The findings underscore the importance of promoting access to rural land, credit, extension services, irrigation, information technology, and education to reduce vulnerability to future deprivation of rural households.
      PubDate: 2022-10-22
       
  • Delivering Financial Capability and Asset Building Curriculum:
           Strengthening the Competencies of Social Work Faculty

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      Abstract: Abstract The promotion of financial capability and asset building (FCAB) in Africa is an essential professional activity for social work to promote the socioeconomic well-being of individuals, families, groups, and communities. Yet, in many sub-Saharan African countries including Ghana, social work students are not adequately prepared academically and professionally with financial-related tools to assist their clients in that area of practice. Therefore, there is a need to integrate FCAB into the social work curriculum at universities in this region. This paper focuses on training of social work faculty members as the first step towards incorporating FCAB content in the curriculum. Building the capacity of faculty would enable them to gain confidence in teaching FCAB and become familiar with the (a) different ways that FCAB could be integrated into social work curriculum, (b) educational opportunities, and (c) curricular resources and ideas for infusing FCAB content into existing curriculum. Such curricular innovations would empower faculty to offer students the opportunity to develop a deep and better understanding of environmental risks that affect the financial health of low-income individuals, families, groups, and communities as well as resources endeared to the building of FCAB. Faculty capacity enhancement in FCAB could positively spillover to improve the financial knowledge of social work practitioners and clients.
      PubDate: 2022-10-05
       
  • The Burden of Teenage Alcohol Consumption in Andhra Pradesh State,
           India—Epidemiology and Social Context

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      Abstract: Aim To determine the prevalence and factors that predict alcohol consumption behavior among teenagers in Andhra Pradesh state, India. Subjects and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1030 teenagers aged 13–19 years selected by multi-stage random sampling. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect demographic information including questions about alcohol use, type of alcohol consumed, and age at first exposure to alcoholic beverages, frequency and duration of consumption, amount of alcohol consumed, and reasons for drinking and parental education and their habits. IBM SPSS version 25.0 was used to analyze the data (IBM Corp., Armonk, New York). Chi-square was used to determine the relationships between the variables. The link between alcohol use and associated variables was analyzed using binary logistic regression. Results The prevalence of alcohol use was about 30%, and the mean age of initiation of alcohol use was 15.52 + 2.08 years. The results of the Chi-square test revealed an association between alcohol consumption and age, gender, place of residence, socioeconomic status, tobacco use, and parental education (p < 0.05). Interestingly, family history of alcohol consumption, i.e., 176 (31.7%) had no significant association with alcohol use habit (p = 0.220). On regression analysis, the proportion of alcohol consumption was higher with the increase in age (OR = 1.612, CI = 1.394–1.864), male gender (OR = 4.958, CI = 2.902–8.470), urban residents (OR = 0.067, CI = 0.032–0.139), higher socioeconomic status (OR = .058, CI = .024–.140), tobacco users (OR = 0.054, CI = 0.026–0.113), and poor educational status of parents (OR = .240, CI = .122–.471). Conclusions The findings could help guide the development of a comprehensive, evidence-based, and consensus-driven national alcohol control policy to lessen the burden of teenage alcohol consumption.
      PubDate: 2022-10-03
       
  • The Effect of Structural Gender Inequality Revealed in Small for
           Gestational Age

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      Abstract: Background This study proposes that being small for gestational age (SGA) is not only an important indicator for neonatal health but also could be a consequence of gender inequality. Low birth weight (LBW) has been widely used as a measurement for adverse birth outcomes, whereas much less attention has been given to the use of small for gestational age (SGA). Despite the importance and worldwide acknowledgement of promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment to improve maternal and infant health, previous studies on SGA have focused on nutritional status, social and medical infrastructures, and socioeconomic status. The impact of structural violence against women on SGA has not been explored sufficiently. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of gender inequality on SGA, using the Gender Inequality Index (GII). Methods A total of 106 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) from the most recent three global datasets—Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), the UN Development Programme (UNDP), and World Bank—were assessed. Results Findings from generalized linear model analysis suggest that significant links exist between years of potential life lost (YLL) from SGA and gender inequality, maternal health status, and country level of income. Conclusions Our findings advance the understanding of the role of gender inequality on SGA and reiterate the importance of considering structural violence in maternal and infant health research. These associations can support the message of designing public health and socioeconomic development as well as creating campaigns to promote gender equality in efforts to advance maternal and infant health and to prevent adverse birth outcomes across the globe.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • Recounting the Blessings and Curses of Living with a Disability: The
           Experiences of Persons with Visual and Physical Impairment in Accra

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      Abstract: Abstract Studies on the living conditions of persons with disability (PWD) in Ghana largely highlight the nonconformity between the physical environment and one’s physical appearance. Even though these studies offer an opportunity to explore the living conditions of PWD’s, they rarely focus on PWD’s interpretation of how their disability influences the enjoyment of various opportunities. Employing an exploratory research design, this study engaged 28 visually impaired and 22 physically challenged persons from the Accra Metropolitan Assembly. Audio tapes from interviews were transcribed and coded using MaxQDA. Thematic analysis was used, and findings from the study revealed that onset of disability did not entirely present a challenge as some recorded an increased sensitivity in other sense organs which played a critical role in discovering artistic skills. Consequently, experienced challenges were inclined to their social interactions which are fuelled by the inability of Ghanaian dialects to project PWDs as valuable members of society. A consultative educational framework by the National Council for Persons with Disability (NCPD) will be needed to overhaul society’s impression and status accorded to the disability community.
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00244-9
       
  • Agriculture Productivity and Farmers’ Health in Tanzania: Analysis
           on Maize Subsector

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      Abstract: Abstract In recent years, concerns over farmers’ health and productivity have drawn great attention due to the global agenda on food security and the eradication of extreme poverty. Moreover, studies have proven that, the shortage of food in developing countries has been largely connected to climate change, but no study has examined to what extent diseases have affected agricultural productivity in these countries. This paper, therefore, examines the effects of farmers’ health on agricultural productivity focusing on Tanzania’s maize subsector using panel survey data 2019/20. The paper employed Ordinary least Square and Two Stage Least Square (2SLS) to address the endogeneity of health variables in productivity equation. Findings revealed that major illnesses among farmers in Tanzania were malaria (27%), HIV/AIDS (22%), cholera (18%), typhoid (15%), schistosomiasis (9%), non communicable diseases (6%) and the side effects of agricultural chemical inputs (3%). Additionally, having contracted diseases, farmers’ productivity has been lowered significantly and differently across all diseases such as HIV/AIDS (66.8%), malaria (56.3%), cholera (25.1%), typhoid (11.75%), non communicable diseases (29%) and schistosomiasis (1.4%). This paper recommends that agricultural development programs in developing countries should take into account the improvement of rural health care services. Moreover, due to the economic characteristics of most of the rural farmers, the study recommends for the establishment of subsided famers’ health insurance schemes in order to reduce the burden of diseases affecting farmers’ welfare.
      PubDate: 2022-09-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00243-w
       
  • Impacts of COVID-19 on the Coping Behaviours of Canadian Women
           Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence

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      Abstract: Background Strict public health measures central to slowing the spread of COVID-19 have, unintentionally, exacerbated risks for women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) while impeding their usual coping strategies. The goal of this study was to understand how coping was influenced by COVID-19 for women who have experienced IPV and identify changes in coping strategies and gaps that need to be addressed to support coping. Methods A qualitatively driven, sequential, cross-sectional design, where quantitative data informed and was embedded within qualitative data collection, was used to explore the experiences of IPV (CAS-R-SF scale) and coping (Brief-COPE scale) specific to IPV of 95 Canadian women. A subset of 19 women was invited to complete an interview exploring coping strategies identified within the survey to contextualize and validate these findings. Results Survey data subjected to quantitative content analysis identified ten themes, all of which were explored in semi-structured interviews. Thematic interview findings included (1) influence of COVID-19 on coping, (2) coping during COVID-19, and (3) needed coping strategies. Conclusion COVID-19 had important impacts on the experiences and coping strategies of women who experience IPV. To better support this population in pandemic circumstances, in-person services should be prioritized with an emphasis on accessible and empathetic care. Public health measures in response to COVID-19, and the eventuality of future pandemics, should aim to be gender- and violence-informed.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00224-z
       
  • Physical Violence Against Women by Their Partner: A Latent Class
           Measurement and Causal Analysis from Rural Counterparts of Dakshin
           Dinajpur District, India

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      Abstract: Background This study examined a hypothesised relationship between a couple’s behavioural and cultural attitudes and the severity of physical partner violence among the ever-married women (aged 15–49) who inhabited rural parts of Dakshin Dinajpur district, West Bengal, India. Method A total of 182 sample women were included in the final causal path model which was one form of advanced Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) approach. This study also accounted for some latent construction models based on some allied indicator variables before establishing the final causal path model. Direct effects, indirect effects (mediation effect) in connection with direct effects and total effects of the exposures were estimated to test the hypothesised model. Result Results revealed that wives’ violence supporting attitudes (standardise β, 0.10; P < 0.001), partner’s domineering attitudes (standardise β, 0.29; P < 0.001), patriarchal family norms (standardise β, 0.39; P < 0.001), communication dysfunction (standardise β, 0.53; P < 0.001) and introvert attitudes (standardise β, 0.17; P < 0.001) all are some positive predictors for severe physical partner violence. Patriarchal family norms mediating with partner’s domineering attitudes can increase (standardise β, 0.55; P < 0.001) the severity of physical partner violence. In addition, an indirect positive association also has been established between wives’ introverted attitudes in combination with communication dysfunction (standardise β, 0.43; P < 0.001) on the severity of physical partner violence. Conclusion The study findings suggest that more socialization, life-long learning and skill development, stimulating positive behavioural attitudes and strengthening voice and representation for rural women are very much required to break the contemporary undesirable ambience.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00242-x
       
  • Barriers to Help-Seeking for Domestic Violence in Kyrgyzstan: Perspectives
           of Criminal Justice, Social, Health, and Educational Professionals

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      Abstract: Purpose Research with survivors of domestic violence (DV) suggests that most do not seek supportive services from formal organizations. The purpose of this study is to understand the structural and legal barriers that prevent survivors of DV from seeking help in Kyrgyzstan from the perspectives of professionals within the areas of law enforcement, judicial system, social, health, and educational sectors working directly with survivors. Methods We conducted 20 semi-structured interviews and 8 focus groups with 83 professionals who are employed as domestic violence or legal advocates, psychologists, healthcare providers, educators, and law enforcement officials who had worked with the survivors of DV in their current positions. We analyzed the data using a multistep strategy derived from grounded theory methods. Results The findings of the study highlighted six structural barriers: (1) financial dependence on the abuser, (2) stigma and shame of seeking help, (3) few crisis centers and rigid acceptance criteria for temporary protection, (4) the normalization and societal acceptance of abuse, (5) a lack of property rights for women, and (6) distrust of formal services. The participants indicated five legal barriers, including the following: (1) insufficient sanctions for abusers, (2) unclear provisions and inadequate enforcement of law, (3) a low likelihood of prosecution, (4) poor procedures, stereotypes of survivors, and revictimization during investigations, and (5) protection for abusers who work in positions of power. Conclusions The structural and legal barriers that survivors face when seeking help are formidable challenges that will require extensive support from professionals working in the fields of criminal justice, social work, and public health. Findings suggest that both short-term and longer-term interventions that require sustainability of prevention efforts are necessary to address barriers to help-seeking identified in the study.
      PubDate: 2022-06-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00226-x
       
 
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