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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACOSS Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
African Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Safety Promotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Argumentum     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asian Social Work and Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australasian Journal of Human Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Policing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AZARBE : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Bienestar     Open Access  
Bakti Budaya     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
British Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Care Management Journals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Columbia Social Work Review     Open Access  
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
ConCienciaSocial     Open Access  
Contemporary Rural Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Counsellor (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Critical and Radical Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Critical Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Cuadernos de Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Death Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal  
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
European Journal of Social Security     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Families in Society : The Journal of Contemporary Social Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Global Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Groupwork     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
HOLISTICA ? Journal of Business and Public Administration     Open Access  
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Housing Policy Debate     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling     Open Access  
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Care and Caring     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Disability Management Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of School Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
International Journal on Child Maltreatment : Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Islamic Counseling : Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam     Open Access  
Janus Sosiaalipolitiikan ja sosiaalityön tutkimuksen aikakauslehti     Open Access  
Journal for Specialists in Group Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Care Services Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Child and Adolescent Counseling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Comparative Social Work     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Danubian Studies and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Family Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Forensic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Healthcare Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Human Rights and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 276)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 127)
Journal of Public Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Social Work in the Global Community     Open Access  
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Leidfaden : Fachmagazin für Krisen, Leid, Trauer     Hybrid Journal  
Links to Health and Social Care     Open Access  
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nordisk välfärdsforskning | Nordic Welfare Research     Open Access  
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri     Open Access  
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Partner Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 139)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Prospectiva : Revista de Trabajo Social e Intervención Social     Open Access  
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Serviço Social em Perspectiva     Open Access  
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Service social     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Skriftserien Socialt Arbejde     Open Access  
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 110)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Social Work & Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Social Work / Maatskaplike Werk     Open Access  
Social Work and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Work Education: The International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Social Work With Groups     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Socialinė teorija, empirija, politika ir praktika     Open Access  
Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift     Open Access  

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Global Social Welfare
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2196-8799
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Formative Evaluation of Rehabilitative Post-surgical Care for Children in
           Tanzania: “They Arrive with Sorrows, but they Leave Happily”

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      Abstract: Purpose Tanzanian children with surgically correctable disabilities face challenges in accessing healthcare and cultural and societal stigma and prejudice. This paper provides insight into the staff perceptions from one rehabilitation center in Tanzania, The Plaster House, pertaining to disability, treatment, and change broadly for children with disabilities who receive treatments. Methods This was a qualitative content analysis. As part of a program evaluation, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 staff members of The Plaster House, gaining perceptions about change for children with disabilities receiving treatments. The Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) Matrix was utilized to organize the data into categories and form results. Results Themes were identified and organized within the following categories in the CBR Matrix: health, rehabilitation, education, social roles, and empowerment. Each was associated with the child or family caregiver experience at The Plaster House. Conclusion Findings provided rare insight from Tanzanian staff on the valuable social, emotional, and physical impacts of specialized treatment for children with disabilities and their parents. Transformational changes are possible for children with disabilities and their families despite poverty and limited access to services.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Gendered Public Spaces and the Geography of Fear in Greater Cairo Slums

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      Abstract: Abstract As gender relations have spatial implications, girls’ and women’s daily activities are overshadowed by social, economic, and physical risks that limit their access to the public sphere and hence to opportunities. However, the lack of comparable and representative data still restricts the analysis of women’s and girls’ lived realities. This study utilizes a two-pronged qualitative methodological approach: 48 in-depth-interviews to understand how spaces become gendered, how they shape social norms, and what impact this process has on the mobility of different youth segments by sex, education, age, and employment status, and 12 participatory community mapping exercises to understand how young women and men use and perceive public space differently. The study demonstrates how sexual and gender-based violence render public spaces, in two slum areas of Greater Cairo, inaccessible to women and girls. Significantly different patterns of access to public spaces among males and females are recorded. Males cover far more ground than females in both areas of study and have access to more destinations, such as entertainment and sports facilities, whereas women constantly needed to legitimize their occupation of public spaces based on traditional gender roles. Additionally, the coping mechanisms that girls and women adopt to mitigate the constant threat of sexual violence further gender the public space by mainstreaming the notion that sexual violence is a normal part of any girl or woman’s experience of public space—forcing women to retreat further.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Social Work Practice During COVID-19: Client Needs and Boundary Challenges

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      Abstract: Abstract While information and communication technologies (ICTs) permeated social work practice long before the onset of COVID-19, the abrupt need to close non-essential workplaces resulted in an unparalleled incorporation of digital technology into practice across the globe. The onset of COVID-19 occurred during phase two of research in which we were investigating social workers’ informal use of ICT with clients. Prior to COVID-19, we were conducting interviews with practitioners and clients from four agencies serving diverse client populations in a large city in Canada. With the onset of COVID-19, we adapted to the COVID-19 context and amended the questions to investigate ICT use during the pandemic. In addition, with ethics approval, we conducted second interviews with practitioners interviewed prior to COVID-19 with a revised guide to address the pandemic context; and we continued to recruit and interview practitioners and clients using an amended interview guide incorporating pandemic-related questions. The sample comprised 27 practitioners and 22 clients. Eleven practitioners participated in interviews prior to and during COVID-19. Analysis of transcribed interviews revealed that the COVID-19 context had led to a paradigm shift in practitioners’ ICT use, with two key themes identified: (1) boundary challenges and (2) clients’ diverging ICT needs. We discuss these themes and present implications for policy and practice in a post-COVID-19 world.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Gender and Family Relations: Experiences of Highly Educated Eritrean
           Migrants in the UK

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      Abstract: Abstract Using the concept of intersectionality and narrative interviews with eighteen highly educated Eritrean migrants in the UK, this phenomenological study puts gender and family at the centre of socio-cultural integration of migrants. The research findings indicate that migration increases the economic power and freedom of women, helping them improve their social status and lead independent lives. However, there is a conflict within households relating to the need to maintain traditional patriarchal values and recognise women as equal partners. This, among other factors, has hindered the women’s gender equality and emancipation from patriarchal oppression within the host country. Most of the women participants in this study experienced more exclusion and mistreatment than men. They often shoulder career and familial responsibilities. Some of the women even shift to part-time jobs or interrupt their careers to take care of their children as they lack family support and could not afford to pay for childcare. The study contributes to a better understanding of migrants’ socio-cultural experiences in their host country.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Factors Associated with Child Malnutrition in the Somali Region of
           Ethiopia: a Cross-Sectional Survey

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      Abstract: Abstract In Ethiopia, malnutrition contributes to more than one-third of under-five child deaths. This cross-sectional study aimed at identifying risk factors for child malnutrition by examining the role of underlying determinants such as food insecurity and water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions (WASH). A total of 116 households with under-five children in the Somali region of Ethiopia were recruited using a simple random sampling technique. Data was collected using a questionnaire that assessed socioeconomic status, child anthropometrics, household food insecurity, dietary diversity, and WASH. SPSS version 24 and R version 3.5.1 were used to conduct analysis. Most (71.56%) of children were malnourished. A majority of households reported food insecurity (70.69%) and consumed a diet with limited dietary diversity (80.17%). Most households did not have access to improved drinking water sources (72.42%) and sanitation facilities (98.28%). Maternal self-employment status was a risk factor for child wasting (OR = 3.80, 95% CI [1.04, 13.84], p = .05) and underweight (OR = 4.90, 95% CI [1.58, 15.17], p = .01). Child wasting was associated with household income (OR = .62, 95% CI [.42, .91], p = .03) and open defecation (OR = 11.17, 95% CI [1.57, 79.39], p = .02). While low household dietary diversity was a risk factor for child stunting (OR = 5.33, 95% CI [1.85, 16.55], p < .01), maternal hand washing practices after defecation were a protective factor for child stunting (OR = .28, 95% CI [.12, .68], p = .01). These findings underscore the importance of developing an integrated approach between different sectors in Nutrition, Health, WASH, and Food Security for health promotion among young children.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
       
  • Exploring the Hierarchies: Multilevel Correlates of Child Mortality in
           Nigeria and Implications for Interventions

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      Abstract: Abstract This study examined the multilevel correlates of childhood mortality among women (aged 15–49 years) in Nigeria using pooled data from the 2003, 2008 and 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys. This study considered 25,685 women who stated that they never lived outside their communities. Descriptive and multilevel regression analyses were performed. About 38% of the women reported losing at least a child. The individual-level correlates of childhood mortality were age, age at first birth, years of education, marital status and ethnicity. Household variables such as number of male children ever born (aIRR = 1.031; 95% CI = 1.026–1.036; p = 0.001), no bed net (aIRR = 1.052; 95% CI = 1.011–1.094; p = 0.012) and using biomass/charcoal (aIRR = 1.223; 95% CI = 1.013–1.475; p = 0.036) were positively associated with childhood mortality while wealth index was negatively correlated with childhood mortality. At the community level, lower childhood mortality was observed in South South region (aIRR = 0.853; 95% CI = 0.767–0.949; p = 0.003), but it was higher in North East (aIRR = 1.143; 95% CI = 1.050–1.244; p = 0.002), North West (aIRR = 1.440; 95% CI = 1.318–1.574; p = 0.001) and South East (aIRR = 1.156; 95% CI = 1.028–1.300; p = 0.016) respectively. Higher childhood mortality was associated positively with community poverty (medium: aIRR = 1.107; 95% CI = 1.013–1.210; p = 0.024), low ownership of piped water (aIRR = 1.128; 95% CI = 1.047–1.215; p = 0.002) and problematic distance to health facility (aIRR = 1.046; 95% CI = 1.006–1.088; p = 0.025). There is a need for more interventions to tackle multilevel drivers of child mortality in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
       
  • Impacts of COVID-19 on the Coping Behaviours of Canadian Women
           Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence

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      Abstract: Background Strict public health measures central to slowing the spread of COVID-19 have, unintentionally, exacerbated risks for women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) while impeding their usual coping strategies. The goal of this study was to understand how coping was influenced by COVID-19 for women who have experienced IPV and identify changes in coping strategies and gaps that need to be addressed to support coping. Methods A qualitatively driven, sequential, cross-sectional design, where quantitative data informed and was embedded within qualitative data collection, was used to explore the experiences of IPV (CAS-R-SF scale) and coping (Brief-COPE scale) specific to IPV of 95 Canadian women. A subset of 19 women was invited to complete an interview exploring coping strategies identified within the survey to contextualize and validate these findings. Results Survey data subjected to quantitative content analysis identified ten themes, all of which were explored in semi-structured interviews. Thematic interview findings included (1) influence of COVID-19 on coping, (2) coping during COVID-19, and (3) needed coping strategies. Conclusion COVID-19 had important impacts on the experiences and coping strategies of women who experience IPV. To better support this population in pandemic circumstances, in-person services should be prioritized with an emphasis on accessible and empathetic care. Public health measures in response to COVID-19, and the eventuality of future pandemics, should aim to be gender- and violence-informed.
      PubDate: 2022-03-19
       
  • A Case Study of Community-based, Cross-sectoral Crisis Response to the
           COVID-19 Pandemic: Serving Racialized Immigrant Communities

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      Abstract: Abstract Crises—such as the COVID-19 pandemic—bring about myriad problems in magnitude (severity), dynamism (quality), and urgency (timing). Collaborative models that bring together actors from both the public and private sector have thus emerged for institutionalized and community-based crisis response. Such models aim particularly to reach vulnerable, hard-to-reach communities, such as racialized immigrant communities that are among those disproportionately impacted at times of crisis. This paper presents a case study of a community-based, cross-sectoral collaborative formed to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and specifically targeting immigrant communities. Findings inform a conceptual framework that illustrates the integration of two spheres of service: crisis supports, characterized by a short-term approach, broad-based reach and general objectives; and settlement supports, characterized by their long-term approach, trust relations and targeted objectives, such as language supports and culturally appropriate outreach.
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
       
  • Author Correction: Known by the Children’s Condition: Associative Stigma
           Among Family Carers of Children with Cerebral Palsy

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      Abstract: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2021
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-021-00205-8
       
  • Nutritional Deficiencies and Maternal Depression: Associations and
           Interventions in Lower and Middle-Income Countries: a Systematic Review of
           Literature

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      Abstract: Background Nutrition deficiencies are common among pregnant and lactating women in middle- and low-income countries. At the same time, maternal mental disorders, mainly depression is highly prevalent during this period suggesting some connection between the two. The objective of this review is to determine the associations between nutritional deficiencies and maternal depression and identify the role of diet in depression to facilitate further research. Methods A literature search included PubMed databases and Google Scholar search engine published from June 2008 to June 2019 and published in English. Medical subject heading terms was used to identify all relevant studies. All titles and abstracts identified by the search were screened then reviewed the full-text articles which were potentially eligible for inclusion. Results The original search identified 1250 articles but with cascaded elimination, based on quality. Twenty five met the inclusion criteria, of which 13 were cross-sectional, eight were prospective cohort study, and four were intervention studies. Most (95%) of these studies reported positive associations between nutrition deficiencies, poor diet, and maternal depression; thus, only 5% did not show associations between nutrition and depression. Conclusion Our review findings suggest that nutritional interventions are some of the most promising intercessions for mental health illnesses. Not all studies consistently associate poor diet quality with poor maternal and offspring mental health outcomes, and the majority of those that show are cross-sectional. Considering that most of these associations are cross-sectional, studies devoid of exposing causal relationship; thus, longitudinal studies are needed to confirm the associations towards sufficing as a window of opportunity for reducing the risk of mental disorders in mothers and offspring alike.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-020-00199-9
       
  • Strengthening System and Implementation Research Capacity for Child Mental
           Health and Family Well-being in Sub-Saharan Africa

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      Abstract: Background Children in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) experience high rates of mental health problems, and the region has limited access to mental health resources and research capacity to address the needs. Despite the success of numerous evidence-based interventions (EBIs) and emerging methodology from the field of implementation science for addressing child mental health needs, most EBIs and implementation science methodology have not been applied in SSA contexts. The SMART-Africa Center aims to address these child welfare, mental health, services, and EBI implementation research gaps by establishing a regional trans-disciplinary collaborative center and studying strategies to strengthening mental health system and implementation research capacity. Our paper describes the overall framework and strategies that SMART-Africa team developed to strengthen capacity in three SSA countries (Ghana, Kenya, and Uganda) while focusing on its contextualization for the Kenyan school-community mental health settings. Methods to document the progress and impacts are also described. Methods The design of the system and research strengthening activities is guided by a SMART-Africa Capacity Building framework. Two areas of capacity are focused. Mental health system capacity focuses on building political wills, leadership, transdisciplinary partnership, and stakeholders’ global competency in evidence child mental health policy, intervention, and service implementation research. Implementation research capacity building focuses on building researchers’ implementation research competency by carrying out an EBI implementation research (using a Hybrid Type II effectiveness-implementation). For illustration purpose, we describe how the system strengthening strategies has been applied in Kenya and how the mixed methods design applied to assess the value and impacts of the capacity building activities. Feedback data and evaluation data collection using qualitative and quantitative methods for both areas of capacity building are still ongoing. Data will be analyzed and compared across countries in 2020–2021. Conclusion Our work has shown some feasibility of applying the theory-guided system strengthening model in improving child mental health service system and research capacity in one of the three SMART-Africa partnering countries. Our mental health landscape and resource mapping in Kenya also illustrated that capacity building in SSA countries involved complex dynamic, history, and some overlap efforts with multiple partnerships, and these are critical to consider in training activity and evaluation design.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-021-00204-9
       
  • The Social Network and Adjustment of Indian Women in Taiwan: a Qualitative
           Study

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      Abstract: Abstract Social networking is recognized as one of the major supplies in human life progression. This social form significantly influences the altercation of needs as well as supports. There are various types of social networks that vary as the function of respect to the mass of networking members, contact frequency, geographical vicinity, and subsequent arrangements. Herein, the present analysis examines mainly the workplace influences on the social networking structures within the prosperous immigrants, the types of support (i.e., social, emotional, or instrumental) they get from their co-workers, and the various approaches of women to create and maintain the social relationships. Therefore, the main targets of the present research are the following: highlighting their important strategies for life adaptation in Taiwan and their methodology to create daily life social networking. Herein, around ten women were selected randomly, and their detailed in-depth interview had been taken. As for analysis, the researchers inductively analyzed various essential parameters, such as identifying categories, themes, and outlines, which are mainly appeared from the data. In this course, six relevant and understandable wide themes are mainly appeared via analyzing the interviews. These six themes related to the social networking of Indian women staying in Taiwan are as follows: communication, thinking about Taiwan society, the similarity between India and Taiwan society, differences between India and Taiwan society, social life, and women autonomy and working culture. A major issue for respondents is some have difficulties in communicating their own view and their idea related to the matter because of language problems. However, this place is safe and local people are kind and very helpful in nature. The status of Indian women is excellent, and they feel comfortable, safe, and happy to stay and work in Taiwan.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-020-00197-x
       
  • Social Work Organizations’ Role in the Social Capital Building in China:
           A Case Study Among Rural Migrant Workers in Xiamen

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      Abstract: Abstract Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are considered important actors in promoting social capital, social welfare, and social work organizations (SWOs) and are fast-developing in China. This research adopted a case study to look into SWOs’ (Social Work Organization’s) capacity to build social capital among rural migrant workers (RMWs) in Xiamen, China. It is found that SWOs’ capacity in linking social capital is still weak. Their capability in social networking and trust and norms building is over-shaped by the environmental factors. SWOs’ role in building social capital in China is social construction production. SWOs should reexamine their social development roles but not to be co-opted into the authoritative control system and play a major factor in social capital establishment standing for clients’ authentic development. It is suggested that SWOs should focus more on linking social capital (both structural and cognitive social capital) between vulnerable groups and other organizations, especially government departments and policymakers, and apply social capital into social work theory development with its context in China.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-021-00207-6
       
  • Impact of Acculturation on Dental Attendance of Preschoolers Among
           Filipino Immigrants in Edmonton, Canada

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      Abstract: Objectives To explore how acculturation influences preventive dental care-seeking behavior for children among Filipino newcomers. Methods We conducted a qualitative focused ethnographic research using semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Participants were a purposive sample of English-speaking, self-identified members of Filipino community in Edmonton who had lived in Canada for less than 10 years and had children aged 2–6 years. Concurrent thematic analysis was used. Results Six interviews and two focus groups were conducted with 18 participants. Three main themes identified from our inductive analysis were emergency pain-driven concept for children’s dental visit before migration, migration challenges and low priority for preventive dental visits, and acculturation and new perceptions of preventive dental care utilization. Long-term socioeconomic deprivation in home country, challenges for survival in host country, and dental care-seeking behaviors influenced by acculturation process were psychosocially conceptualized within the three identified themes. Discussion Exposure to the new culture of dental care in Canada caused a shift from an aggressive treatment-oriented to a more conservative preventive-oriented approach among Filipino immigrants in our study.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-020-00189-x
       
  • Temporal Patterns of Cigarette Smoking and Its Associated Covariates: a
           Multilevel Longitudinal Data Analysis

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      Abstract: Background Understanding differences in cigarette smoking patterns such as the frequency between-person and within-person is essential for tailored tobacco health education interventions. Previous studies, however, mostly limited analysis to computation of cigarette smoking frequency and its correlates. This article used multilevel models to examine between-person and within-person variations in cigarette smoking patterns over a 13-year period. Methods We merged the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health public-use data waves 1–4 into one longitudinal dataset for use in this study. Our analysis was based on the past-month’s average number of cigarette smoked per day. We used linear mixed model approach to fit multilevel models. Results The average number of cigarette smoked per day (CPD) among the sample at baseline/wave 1 was 6.92 (SD = 8.18). Time of observation in years (β = 0.455 (p < .001), age (β = 0.355, p < .001), past-year alcohol use frequency (β = −0.329, p < .001), and illicit drug use (β = 1.128, p < .001) were associated with average number of CPD. There were significant variations in the average number of CPD between-person (β = 29.602, p < .001) and within-person (variance = 34.393, p < .001). Conclusions This study demonstrates that rate of change in average number of CPD over years among the study sample could be different between-adolescent and within-adolescent depending on other substance use and demographic factors. Hence, tailored tobacco use educational programs or interventions and policies targeting these adolescents could be designed according to between-adolescent and within-adolescent differences in the average number of CPD trajectories.
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-021-00220-9
       
  • Household and Regional Determinants of Child Stunting in Rural Mexico

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      Abstract: Abstract While the national prevalence of child stunting has been decreasing, Mexico has yet to reduce stunting equitably across rural and indigenous communities. We estimated the prevalence and distribution of child stunting in children aged < 5 years by rural and urban areas as well as described and compared the household factors associated with child stunting in both settings. We used data on 3910 children aged < 5 years from the latest nationally representative health and nutrition Mexican survey (2018–2019). We found evidence that child stunting in Mexico has plateaued, halting the successful decline that had been observed in previous decades and being a pervasive marker for health inequities. We identified higher odds for child stunting among rural areas (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.81, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12–2.91), and in rural indigenous households (AOR 2.08, 95% CI 1.38–3.13). Household education was the only consistent protective factor against stunting across rural/urban settings (AOR 0.35, 95% CI 0.17–0.72; AOR 0.45, 95% CI 0.21–0.96, correspondingly). Policy-makers, researchers, and stakeholders need to aim efforts toward implementing evidence-based, culturally sensitive, and sustainable policies and interventions at rural areas mostly in the southern region and among rural indigenous households, including a strong component to achieve higher household education.
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-022-00222-1
       
  • Overweight Syndrome, a Deviation from Normalcy: a Multiple Risk Factor
           Analysis Among Reproductive Age Group (15–49) Women in Indian Context

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      Abstract: Background Nowadays, overweight is one of the major human health concerns in all developed, developing, and underdeveloped nations. Women belonging to the reproductive age group with overweight syndrome always remain at higher risk and susceptible to multifaceted short- and long-term adverse health consequences for themselves as well as for their children. Methods A total of 256,226 ever married reproductive age group women were included in this study. The women whose BMI cut-off is above 25 kg/m2 were considered as over-weighted women. Descriptive statistics along with bivariate association and multivariable logistic regression analysis were performed to examine the likelihood of household and individual-level factors on overweight syndrome among the reproductive age group of women in India. Result The prevalence of overweight phenomena among reproductive age group women is nearly 15% in India. Odds of being overweight were higher among the women who reside at urban areas (AOR: 1.22; P: < 0.001; 95% CI: 1.19–1.26), belonging from non-Hindu communities (AOR: 1.48; P: < 0.001; 95% CI: 1.43–1.53) and living with high standard of life and highly educated (AOR: 1.69; P: < 0.001; 95% CI: 1.61–1.77). Family size (AOR: 0.93; P: < 0.001; 95% CI: 0.91–0.94) and no. of living children is negatively associated with overweight phenomena. Conclusion In recent years, the prevalence of overweight syndrome among reproductive women is significantly increasing in India. Necessary intervention and strategies such as health education, awareness programme and regular monitoring of the nutritional status must be encouraged with urgent care to accomplish the overweight phenomena.
      PubDate: 2022-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-021-00221-8
       
  • The Politics of Microcredit Facilities as Pro-poor Intervention in Solving
           Gender Inequality in Ghana: the Political Settlement Perspective

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      Abstract: Abstract Poverty is ubiquitously chronic in Sub-Saharan Africa. Interventions to reduce the entrenched inequality by several government regimes have received mixed results as political elites spearhead many of these programs-cum-institutions hence moderate their full manifestation. Using the political settlement theory, the study interrogates the management of microcredit interventions in Ghana. In-depth interviews from multi-stakeholder groups reveal that Ghana’s political climate adversely impacts the full expression of the pro-poor intervention in empowering women and reducing poverty. The study again reveals that the continuous politicisation of the pro-poor scheme has resulted in high-interest rates and crony lending. The situation reflects the short-term policies of political elites that do not culminate in the general wellbeing of women, thereby creating gender imbalances. Nonetheless, access to the facility has improved the lives of women inter alia, business startups, expansions, savings, reduced domestic violence, and reduced perception of the traditional roles of women. The study, therefore, concludes that an all-inclusive approach to development and a system-based model that connects state and non-state actors provide a possible leeway to fully implement the pro-poor scheme.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-020-00178-0
       
  • “They Have Overstayed Their Welcome”: the Discursive Construction of
           

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      Abstract: Abstract Dadaab refugee camp, located in the northern part of Kenya, is currently the world’s largest refugee camp in both size and population. Having been in existence for more than 25 years since the outbreak of civil war in Somalia and the subsequent disintegration and demise of the Somali state, since its inception, the camp has been a home to refugees fleeing from war and famine, not only from Somalia but also from Uganda, Ethiopia, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Eretrea and Sudan. This paper analyses the news articles on the quest to close Dadaab refugee camp by the Kenyan Government. Applying the analytic and conceptual tools of critical discourse analysis (CDA), the paper argues that underlying the openly stated reasons for proposing a closure of the camp by the Government of Kenya are subtle and latent geopolitical and economic arguments which are majorly tangential to the refugee question itself; and also explicates how the identities of the refugees at Dadaab were constructed, reconstructed, contested, negotiated, enacted and reproduced through language as both the government of Kenya and the international community advanced their various positions with regard to the proposed closure. It emerges that the refugees themselves were reduced to mere passive observers in a process that was inherently meant to define and decide their destiny.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-021-00209-4
       
  • Ecologies of Care for Serious Mental Illness in Uganda: a Scoping Review

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      Abstract: Introduction Mental and substance use disorders are leading causes of disability worldwide. Yet only 10% of individuals globally receive treatment for such disorders, with an even higher treatment gap in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Serious mental illnesses (SMI), defined as a mental, behavioral, or emotional disorders resulting in serious functional impairment, primarily including bipolar disorder and schizophrenia spectrum disorder, remain misunderstood in countries with limited infrastructure (financial and human capital). This study explores the lived experiences, social ecologies, and political framework for the treatment of individuals living with serious mental illness in Uganda. Methods This scoping review identified relevant publications using (1) a Boolean search, (2) manual screening of eligible publications, (3) identification of additional peer-reviewed articles and grey literature by hand searching the final list of included records, (4) thematic analysis and grounded theory to categorize studies into representative aspects of compiled literature, based on emerging themes of people with serious mental illnesses (PWSMI) ecologies, and (5) rigorous data extraction and analysis, guided by a comprehensive exclusion strategy for eligibility. Results The 41 eligible articles included aspects of prevalence, comorbidities, caregiver involvement, and treatment pathways (traditional healers, community healthcare workers, primary care clinics, and national referral hospitals) for PWSMI in Uganda. Due to a lack of community mental health literacy, there are barriers to accessing high-quality, holistic mental healthcare for afflicted individuals. Discussion People seek care wherever they can find it, and if they believe their symptoms align with the treatment modalities. For example, beliefs in spirit possession may lead a PWSMI to visit the neighborhood traditional healer before the more distant national referral hospital. Research further illustrated a direct link between the aforementioned ecologies and a decreased quality of life in caregivers due to the economic loss, erratic behaviors of the afflicted, and the strain of caring for PWSMI when interfacing with allopathic medicine. Stock-outs in health facilities and limited human resources cause overburdened health systems and the utilization of less efficacious psychotropic medications inconsistently. Additionally, misdiagnoses are common due to the lack of service oversight, and PWSMI often endure severe untreated side-effects from both traditional and allopathic medicine providers. Implications for Policy and Practice While this study outlines the current pathways to care, there is room for improvement, including lessons for improving mental health policy and the implementation of appropriate community-based mental health practices. Conclusion PWSMI are often left with low-quality choices to access care. This study suggests that, by critically analyzing community needs and complimentary programs, the livelihoods of people with serious mental illness and their caregivers can be vastly improved. Although PWSMI struggle with mental, physical, and social concerns, they are largely undervalued in the Ugandan context and isolated from society. Their pathways to recovery are wrought with frustrating encounters with peers and painful side-effects of treatment.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s40609-020-00193-1
       
 
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