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Critical Social Policy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.204
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 45  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0261-0183 - ISSN (Online) 1461-703X
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Book Review: Dissenting Social Work: Critical Theory, Resistance and
           Pandemic by Paul Michael Garrett

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      Authors: Christine Morley
      Pages: 552 - 555
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Volume 42, Issue 3, Page 552-555, August 2022.

      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T09:46:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221101161a
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: Neoliberal Securitisation and Symbolic Violence: Silencing
           Political, Academic and Social Resistance by Masoud Kamali

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      Authors: Maria Moberg Stephenson
      Pages: 555 - 557
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Volume 42, Issue 3, Page 555-557, August 2022.

      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T09:47:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221101161b
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: The Criminalisation of Social Policy in Neoliberal Societies
           by Elizabeth Kiely and Katharina Swirak

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      Authors: Hanna-Kaisa Hoppania
      Pages: 557 - 559
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Volume 42, Issue 3, Page 557-559, August 2022.

      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T09:47:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221101161c
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: The Next Welfare State' UK Welfare After COVID-19 by
           Christopher Pierson

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      Authors: Norman Ginsburg
      Pages: 559 - 560
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Volume 42, Issue 3, Page 559-560, August 2022.

      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T09:47:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221101161d
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Review: The Invention of the ‘Underclass’: A Study in the
           Politics of Knowledge by Loïc Wacquant

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      Authors: Stephen J Crossley
      Pages: 560 - 562
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Volume 42, Issue 3, Page 560-562, August 2022.

      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T09:47:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221101161e
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Book Reviews: Participatory Ideology: From Exclusion to Involvement by
           Peter Beresford

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      Authors: Steve Rogowski
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-09-07T08:02:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221120547
       
  • Shattered glass piling at the bottom: The ‘problem’ with gender
           equality policy for higher education

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      Authors: LENNITA OLIVEIRA RUGGI, NATA DUVVURY
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Since 2014, gender equality has gained momentum in Irish higher education. Feminist organising and media attention resulted in an ‘almost-perfect storm of pressure’ to which the state responded by developing an ‘ambitious and radical’ policy. Employing Bacchi's methodology (WPR), this article demonstrates the problem of gender inequality has been gradually narrowed to address the lack of ‘women’ in senior positions. Competing problematisations were marginalised. The unequal distribution of care work in and out of higher education was ignored, silencing the gendered experiences of academics and non-academics, particularly precarious and outsourced staff. The policy machinery is found to reduce gender transformation to state-led stages and sideline feminist demands, highlighting the need to investigate the role of gender expertise and national statistics. The focus on the glass ceiling (a trend across Europe) is a form of ‘gender branding’ drawing on and reproducing neo-colonial progress-scales while stalling intersectional agendas.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-09-05T06:10:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221119717
       
  • Government through clanship: Governing Ethiopia’s Somali pastoralists
           through a community-based social protection programme

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      Authors: GETU DEMEKE ALENE, JESSICA DUNCAN, HAN VAN DIJK
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Drawing on an analysis of the implementation of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) in the Somali periphery, we consider how the programme is promoted as an ‘innovative’ social protection programme that links food security with development projects. Underpinning its ‘innovative’ role is a community-based approach, focusing upon the institutions, values and capacities of a community. Taking the case of the nomadic pastoralists in Ethiopia’s Somali region, we consider the role of clans as the ‘dominant’ grassroot socio-political organizations. Our analysis, drawing on ethnographic fieldwork shows how in the implementation of PSNP the mobilization and (re)deployment of clanship values and rules create legible and governable Somali pastoral subjects. This is in line with the Ethiopian state’s conception of ‘improvement’ and ‘modern’ way of life based on sedentary-based development and governance. We illustrate how clan leaders unwittingly (re)organize their clan (leadership) values and capacities to support this project. We argue that clan-based implementation of PSNP has become an ‘effective’ mechanism of extending state power and governing nomadic pastoralists, leading to changes in relations of authority and in forms of (inter)subjectivity between pastoralists, their clan (leaders) and the state. Towards this end, we put forward the concept of ‘government through clanship’ to reflect the assemblage of these practices, processes and changes which would offer critical analytical insights into social policies claimed to be community-based.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-09-01T06:16:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221119718
       
  • Assessing sick-listed clients’ work ability: A moral mission'

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      Authors: KARIANNE NYHEIM STRAY, OLE JACOB THOMASSEN, HALVARD VIKE
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Judging the extent to which sick-listed clients’ disabilities qualify them for sickness benefits is increasingly part of frontline work. However, we lack knowledge about the discretional process of assessing work ability. Institutional ethnographic research of caseworkers in the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration revealed that they emphasised clients’ residual work ability – meaning what clients could perform despite their medical diagnoses – as well as their inner motivations and work ethic. We argue that frontline praxis is influenced by efforts to fit clients into a category of the deserving ‘sick-listed yet work-capable client’. Because caseworkers lack guidelines to combine health and work, they increasingly apply their ‘moral selves’ in the assessment process resulting in scepticism towards clients’ feigning, or exaggerating symptoms to obtain financial benefits or avoid work. We question whether our findings represent a shift of the Norwegian universalistic welfare model to a more liberal and incentive-strengthening type.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-07-28T05:51:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221113171
       
  • Is digitalisation of public health and social welfare services reinforcing
           social exclusion' The case of Russian-speaking older migrants in
           Finland

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      Authors: Ulla Buchert, Laura Kemppainen, Antero Olakivi, Sirpa Wrede, Anne Kouvonen
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Governments are rapidly digitalising public services to increase cost-effectiveness of the public sector. This study examines older migrants’ use of digital public health and social welfare services from the perspective of social exclusion. The study uses a mixed methods approach, drawing on representative survey data of Russian-speaking migrants in Finland and qualitative interviews with third-sector representatives who assist Russian-speaking migrants with digital service use.Our quantitative results show that a sizeable proportion of Russian-speaking older adults are excluded from digital services. In particular, those with lower socio-economic status, poor local language skills and without Finnish education are at higher risk of exclusion. Our qualitative results describe the multiple ways the exclusion from digital services intersects with other disadvantages in the everyday lives of Russian-speaking older adults. We argue that digitalisation of these services may foster social exclusion and endanger the realisation of these people's social rights.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T05:34:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221105035
       
  • Continued and intensified hostility: The problematisation of immigration
           in the UK government’s 2021 New Plan for Immigration

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      Authors: CLARE GRIFFITHS, JULIE TREBILCOCK
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Drawing on Bacchi’s (2009) ‘What’s the problem represented to be'’ framework, this article provides a critical analysis of HM Government’s (2021a) New Plan for Immigration. We explore how immigration is problematised, the assumptions that underlie these problematisations, alternative ways of representing the ‘problem’ of immigration, and the possible effects of the proposed reforms. Our article demonstrates how the New Plan is increasingly hostile towards, not only ‘illegal’ migrants, but an ever-widening group of people and organisations who may be viewed as facilitating illegal entry (organised criminals, hauliers) and/or those held responsible for preventing/delaying their removal (lawyers). The government’s proposals risk creating a two-tiered system, increasing the exclusion experienced by those seeking asylum, and widening the net of those held responsible for immigration control. Ultimately, we conclude that while the sentiments behind the government’s New Plan may not be all that ‘new’, they are nevertheless significant for their continuation and intensification of existing hostile policies and practices relating to immigration in the UK. This is especially so, given a number of recent global events that could have provided an opportunity to disrupt the government’s problematisation of, and hostility towards, people seeking refuge.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-07-01T06:33:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221109133
       
  • ‘Do they ever think about people like us'': The experiences of
           people with learning disabilities in England and Scotland during the
           COVID-19 pandemic

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      Authors: Nathaniel Scherer, Phillippa Wiseman, Nicholas Watson, Richard Brunner, Jane Cullingworth, Shaffa Hameed, CHARLOTTE PEARSON, Tom Shakespeare
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      People with learning disabilities in England and Scotland have experienced an increased risk of illness and death during the COVID-19 pandemic. Drawing on data of a longitudinal qualitative study with 71 disabled people and 31 disability organisations, this article examines the experiences of 24 people with learning disabilities in England and Scotland during the pandemic, reflecting on what rendered them vulnerable and placed them at risk. Qualitative interviews were conducted with participants and key informants at two timepoints; June–August 2020 and February–April 2021. Findings emerged across four key themes: failure to plan for the needs of people with learning disabilities; the suspension and removal of social care; the impact of the pandemic on people’s everyday routines; and lack of vaccine prioritisation. The inequalities experienced by people with learning disabilities in this study are not particular to the pandemic. We explore the findings in the context of theoretical frameworks of vulnerability, including Fineman’s conceptualisation of a ‘vulnerability paradigm’. We conclude that the structured marginalisation of people with disabilities, entrenched by government action and inaction, have created and exacerbated their vulnerability. Structures, policies and action must change.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-27T07:14:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221109147
       
  • Responsibilising young benefit recipients: Income management and financial
           capability in New Zealand

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      Authors: Louise Humpage, Shelley Bielefeld, Greg Marston, Zoe Staines, Michelle Peterie, Philip Mendes
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      New Zealand recipients of the Youth Payment and Young Parent Payment, who are disproportionally Indigenous Māori and sole mothers, must participate in ‘Money Management’. This form of income management restricts spending, monitors financial transactions and requires compulsory budgeting education. Drawing on interviews with Money Management participants, Youth Service mentors and policymakers, this article argues that Money Management aims to responsibilise young people through conditional welfare, rather than improve their long-term financial capability as articulated. This becomes obvious through analysis of how Money Management ignores: 1) New Zealand financial literacy education policy developments, 2) the literature on best practice in financial literacy education and how values about money and wealth are shaped by 3) Māori world views and 4) gendered norms. The article concludes that states should take more responsibility, by increasing social security incomes and better regulating the financial, labour and housing markets, to ensure the financial capacity of their citizens.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-22T06:51:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221106923
       
  • The banality of state violence: Institutional neglect in austere local
           authorities

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      Authors: Ed Kiely, Rosalie Warnock
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Theorisations of state violence under austerity have been criticised for their imprecision. In response, this article introduces the concept of institutional neglect: a specific modality of structural violence. We argue that institutional neglect occurs when state services deny care to eligible clients. This is a normative claim which locates an obligation to care in the body of the state. Through case studies of two local authority-run care services in the UK, we identify three banal, quotidian techniques of neglect: delay, deferral, and diversion. We emphasise that care is not necessarily an antidote to violence; instead, care and violence are increasingly entangled within state bureaucracies under austerity.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-22T06:50:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221104976
       
  • Teaching social policy as if students matter: Decolonizing the curriculum
           and perpetuating epistemic injustice

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      Authors: Hakan Seckinelgin
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Calls for the decolonization of education at all levels of education in the UK have gained new momentum since the murder of George Floyd on 25 May 2020 in Minneapolis and the subsequent Black Lives Matter demonstrations throughout the US and the UK. In this article I focus on the reactions to demands for the decolonization of the curriculum in my own department, Social Policy, at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). I argue that understanding the reactions of academic staff to student demands is informative about the nature of the problem. The article provides a contribution to discussions on decolonization on two fronts: (a) it highlights the internal dynamics of engagement with student demands in the context of a Higher Education Institution (HEI) and (b) the academic responses to students’ demands reveal an underlying mechanism that reproduces the status quo in the teaching of Social Policy.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-13T01:06:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221103745
       
  • ‘I’m not going anywhere near that': Expert stakeholder challenges in
           working with boys and young men regarding sex and sexual consent

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      Authors: Andrea Waling, Alexandra James, JACKSON FAIRCHILD
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores findings from 23 expert stakeholder interviews on working with cisgender heterosexual men and boys in the fields of gendered violence prevention, relationships and sexuality education (RSE), sexual health, sport, and emotional and mental well-being. It focuses on how organisations and individual consultants navigate political and social tensions when working with boys and young men. Findings from these interviews note several significant challenges and barriers stakeholders face in implementing programs designed to support cisgender, heterosexual boys and young men, particularly in areas of sex, sexual health and wellbeing. These include 1) broader questions as to who is responsible for teaching about sex, relationships, and sexuality; 2) the lack of public support in running programs about sex and sexuality, 3) uncertainty as to the best settings to engage boys and young men, and 4) hostility or lack of engagement with program content. We highlight the implications of these challenges for policy and practice, as well as recommendations for how to address some of these issues.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-10T06:36:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221103817
       
  • Adequate for whom' Reflections on the right to adequate housing from
           fieldwork on Roma inclusion in Italy

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      Authors: Silvia Cittadini
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      The definition of 'adequate housing', a term widely used in the protection of the related right and the development of housing policies, has never been fully questioned, despite the acknowledged importance of shelter for the well-being of the individual beyond its physical function. This article analyses the weaknesses of the current definition of this term through the findings of reflexive fieldwork conducted in Italy with Roma targeted by inclusion policies in the housing sector. Departing from the analysis of the impact of anti-gypsyism in the Italian policy context, the interviews highlight how policies constructed around ideas of adequacy focused solely on the physical structure of the dwelling contribute to the neglect of the variety of social, cultural, economic and emotional factors that affect housing choices, leading to the failure of initiatives aimed at providing adequate housing solutions.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-02T05:08:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221103570
       
  • The national and moral borders of the 2016 French law on sex work: An
           analysis of the ‘prostitution exit programme’

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      Authors: CALOGERO GIAMETTA, HÉLÈNE LE BAIL
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      The 2016 law on prostitution in France introduced the so-called Swedish model approach to sex work, which, at the national level, criminalises those who purchase sex rather than the sex workers themselves. Alongside the repressive character of the law, lawmakers introduced a number of social policy measures through the implementation of a ‘prostitution exit programme’. Whilst some pioneering research has sought to evaluate the impact of penalising the clients of sex workers, no survey has yet focused on the outcomes of prostitution exit programmes. Based on qualitative data, including interviews with sex workers and grassroots organisations, this article aims to analyse how the programme was implemented and its overall outcomes. The interviews we conducted shed particular light on the fact that the implementation of the programme is impacted on by the application of restrictive migration policies.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-27T05:31:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221101167
       
  • COVID-19 and (mis)understanding public attitudes to social security:
           Re-setting debate

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      Authors: Michael Orton, Sudipa Sarkar
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      The Covid-19 pandemic has seen emerging debate about a possible shift in ‘anti-welfare commonsense’ i.e. the orthodoxy previously described in this journal as solidifying negative public attitudes towards ‘welfare’. While a shift in attitudes might be ascribed to the circumstances of the crisis it would still be remarkable for such a strongly established orthodoxy to have changed quite so rapidly. It is appropriate, therefore, to reflect on whether the ‘anti-welfare’ orthodoxy was in fact as unequivocal as claimed' To address this question, challenges to the established orthodoxy that were emerging pre-pandemic are examined along with the most recently available survey data. This leads to discussion of broader issues relating to understanding attitudes: methodology; ‘messiness’ and ambivalence of attitudes; attitudes and constructions of deservingness; and following or leading opinion. It is argued that the ‘anti-welfare’ orthodoxy has always been far more equivocal than claimed, with consequent implications for anti-poverty action and re-setting debate.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-04T05:26:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221091553
       
  • Female dependents, individual customers and promiscuous digital personas:
           The multiple governing of women through the Australian social security
           couple rule

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      Authors: LYNDAL SLEEP
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This article argues that women social security recipients are governed by multiple political rationalities through the couple rule in Australia. It focuses on different periods of development of the couple rule – its inception within women's only payments of the 1970s, it's ‘de-gendering’ with the Social Security Act 1991 (Cth), and its current intersections with the digitisation of social security administration. It shows that different governing tools emerged across time to govern women through their relationships, but did not replace each other. Rather, the result is that women are now multiply governed by these seemingly contradictory rationalities. Women are governed as dependents by welfarist rationality through expectations of frugality and fidelity to a paternal state. They are governed as independent individuals through neo-liberal political rationalisations of ‘choice’. In addition, through algorithmic governmentality, women are constituted and reconstituted into a possibly promiscuous digital persona using information which is abstracted from women's daily lives. Through each of these modes of governing, the patriarchal assumptions of the couple rule endure.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-04T05:26:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221089265
       
  • Eviscerating equality: Normative whiteness and Conservative equality
           policy

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      Authors: Irene Gedalof
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This article draws on the insights of narrative analysis to critically review recent changes to UK government equality policy through three examples: the announcement of a new equality strategy, changes to the governance of the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC), and the establishment and report of the Sewell Commission on Race and Ethnic Disparities. I argue that these policy initiatives and the narratives justifying them signal moves to further weaken the UK government’s formal commitments to protections against discrimination. This involves not only the familiar argument in favour of a limited, liberal model of individual equality of opportunity, but is also about bolstering normative whiteness in the face of growing calls for a reckoning with the UK’s legacy of colonialism, slavery and deep-seated racial inequalities.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-02T07:08:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221093788
       
  • Navigating multiple pandemics: A critical analysis of the impact of
           COVID-19 policy responses on gender-based violence services

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      Authors: Tara Mantler, C. Nadine Wathen, Caitlin Burd, Jennifer C. D. MacGregor, Isobel McLean, Jill Veenendaal
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      COVID-19 illustrated what governments can do to mobilise against a global threat. Despite the strong governmental response to COVID-19 in Canada, another ‘pandemic’, gender-based violence (GBV), has been causing grave harm with generally insufficient policy responses. Using interpretive description methodology, 26 interviews were conducted with shelter staff and 5 focus groups with 24 executive directors (EDs) from GBV service organizations in Ontario, Canada. Five main themes were identified and explored, namely that: (1) there are in fact four pandemics at play; (2) the interplay of pandemics amplified existing systemic weaknesses; (3) the key role of informal partnerships and community support, (4) temporary changes in patterns of funding allocation; and (5) exhaustion as a consequence of addressing multiple and concurrent pandemics. Implications and recommendations for researchers, policy makers, and the GBV sector are discussed.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-26T06:53:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221088461
       
  • ‘The Left will find that it has bought a Trojan Horse’: The dialectics
           of universal basic income

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      Authors: David James Hogg
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in basic income proposals. While this is not an entirely new phenomenon, what is different about the current discourse is the Left’s wholehearted embrace of what has traditionally been seen as a conservative social policy in Britain. It is my contention that UBI is potentially a dangerous policy for the Left, in that it risks undermining the – admittedly imperfect – welfare protections already in existence. This paper draws on Marxist political economy in order to demonstrate how the emancipatory potential of UBI has been somewhat overstated by some of its Leftist supporters, while a discussion of the neutrality of the State is important in considering how this ‘shape-shifting social policy' is likely to be implemented in practice.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-26T06:53:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221092151
       
  • Contractual controls and pragmatic professionalism: A qualitative study on
           contracting social services in China

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      Authors: Jie Lei, Tian Cai, Chak Kwan Chan
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This study used the contracting projects of a district branch of the Women's Federation in Guangzhou as case examples to demonstrate both the Chinese state's contractual controls over social work organisations (SWOs) and the pragmatic response strategies of SWOs and professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seventeen participants, including local officials of the Women's Federation and social workers from contracted SWOs. It was found that with the ultimate goal of consolidating the legitimacy of the Communist Party of China, the Women's Federation's dual role in politics and service provision had led to normative, managerial, technical and relational controls over SWOs. SWOs and professionals were generally submissive to these controls, but they employed diverse coping strategies, including compliance, bargaining, transformation and investment in personal relationships. The interactions within the contractual relationship created a pragmatic professionalism that embraced dominant political ideologies, employed de-politicising techniques, and personally depended on individual officials.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-26T06:52:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221089009
       
  • Policy paradoxes and the Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme: How
           welfare policies impact resettlement support

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      Authors: Hannah Haycox
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      The Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme (VPRS) comprised the UK government's primary response to persons forcibly displaced by the Syrian civil war. Recipients were granted immediate recourse to public funds and a locally-based 12-month integration support plan, designed at the discretion of practitioners. Drawing on forty in-depth interviews with refugees and practitioners in two areas with contrasting local approaches, this article explores the tensions that emerged when broader central government policies (distinct from the VPRS), intersected with resettlement support in recipients’ lives. Two current welfare reforms are identified and evaluated as having impacted resettled families’ housing experiences: firstly; the Two-Child Limit and secondly; the Benefit Cap. The article demonstrates how the financial precarity produced by both policies undermined local practitioners’ resettlement support. In doing so, the article challenges dominant policy narratives of exceptionality, locating those resettled within the routinised systems of precarity and conditionality embedded in the welfare system.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-15T05:43:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221088532
       
  • The politics of job retention schemes in Britain: The Coronavirus Job
           Retention Scheme and the Temporary Short Time Working Compensation Scheme
           

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      Authors: Jay Wiggan, Chris Grover
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      The UK Government's introduction of the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) in March 2020 was pitched as unprecedented. Yet, during the 1970s and 1980s, UK governments also operated wage subsidy job retention schemes. Indeed, despite their professed liberal market orientation, Thatcher's radical right Conservative governments presided over the expansive Temporary Short Time Working Compensation Scheme (TSTWCS) between 1979 and 1984. Drawing upon the work of Gallas (2016), we contend this embrace of wage subsidy schemes by Conservative governments almost 40 years apart emanate from a class politics focused on securing the subordination of labour. In our analysis, the TSTWCS is understood as a mechanism to dampen disquiet with the early Thatcher Government's project to restore employer dominance. And the CJRS is a mechanism to preserve the labour market relations of domination and exploitation successfully embedded by the Conservatives in the 1980s.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-08T05:45:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221086515
       
  • The administration of harm: From unintended consequences to harm by design

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      Authors: Alex Broom, Michelle Peterie, Katherine Kenny, Gaby Ramia, Nadine Ehlers
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Harm is a recurring theme in the social sciences. Scholars in a range of empirical areas have documented the deleterious outcomes that at times emerge from social structures, institutions and systems of governance. Yet these harms have often been presented under the rubric of ‘unintended consequences’. The outcomes of systems are designed to appear devoid of intentionality, in motion without any clear agency involved, and are thus particularly adept at evading accountability structures and forms of responsibility. Drawing insights from decades of social theory – as well as three illustrative examples from Australia's health, welfare and immigration systems – this article argues that many social structures are in fact intended to cause harm, but designed not to appear so. In presenting this argument, we offer a theoretical framework for conceptualising harm as actively administered. We also challenge scholars from across the social sciences to reconsider the partially depoliticising narrative of ‘unintended consequences’, and to be bolder in naming the intended harms that permeate social life, often serving powerful political and economic interests.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-08T05:45:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221087333
       
  • Visibilising the climate in social policies in Barcelona: Connections in
           the urban context

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      Authors: Joana Díaz-Pont
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      The paper aims to identify whether the interdependencies between climate action and social policies in the urban context are visible and, if so, in what areas and through what framings. Using a content analysis approach, it compares framings of the news on social policies in Barcelona over the course of a year. The results show that climate action is constructed discursively as an isolated issue, with its own logics and complexities, and with few references to other social policy areas. It also reveals that references to climate change in other social policy areas do not operate as framings. The paper claims that discursive strategies that separate climate change policy from other social policy areas can invisibilise the connections that operate between these policies, links that are key for pursuing the UN's Sustainable Development Goals, especially in the urban context.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-01T06:12:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221089010
       
  • The status of homelessness: Access to housing for asylum-seeking migrants
           as an instrument of migration control in Italy and Sweden

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      Authors: Enrico Giansanti, Annika Lindberg, Martin Joormann
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Homelessness and other forms of destitution among asylum-seeking migrants are currently on the rise across Europe, as migrants’ access to social rights, including housing, has been restricted through repressive migration policies, fuelled by the welfare nationalism and chauvinism that surge among European states. This article explores the largely overlooked homelessness experienced by migrants seeking asylum in two different geographic and political contexts: Italy and Sweden. Building on research conducted over six years, including interviews with state officials, social and NGO workers, and testimonies of asylum-seeking migrants, we trace the logics and effects of policies that not only fail to deliver minimum welfare provisions to asylum-seeking migrants, but which produce and use homelessness as a way of controlling this group. The implications for asylum-seeking migrants include racialised discrimination, class-based and poverty-related health issues, and other harms, which are the direct result of policies that render access to fundamental social rights, including housing, into instruments of migration control.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-21T08:04:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221078437
       
  • Which capital do you mobilise' How bureaucratic encounters shape
           jobseekers’ social and cultural capital in France and Germany

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      Authors: Hadrien Clouet, Carolin Freier, Monika Senghaas
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Based on participant observations in the French and German public employment services (PES), this article proposes a new way of analysing bureaucratic encounters following Bourdieu’s capital theory. We show that caseworkers who are supposed to support jobseekers into employment, force the allegedly needy jobseekers to accumulate capital, but only in its cultural or social form, and never both at the same time. While there are national differences in the accumulation process, the findings highlight the coexistence of two different strategies: accumulation of cultural capital for a long-term and stable return to employment or accumulation of social capital for a short-term and temporary access to employment. Caseworkers attribute different importance to each type of capital, which results in an uneven distribution that reproduces inequalities through social policy services.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-18T07:31:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221084082
       
  • News media representations of people receiving income support and the
           production of stigma power: An empirical analysis of reporting on two
           Australian welfare payments

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      Authors: Sonia Martin, Timothy Schofield, Peter Butterworth
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      People receiving working-age income support payments are often stigmatised as morally and/or behaviourally deficient. We consider the role of the media, as a potential source of structural stigma, in perpetuating negative characterisations of people in receipt of either the Disability Support Pension (DSP) or unemployment benefits (Newstart) during a major period of welfare reform in Australia. Newspaper articles (N = 8290) that appeared in Australia’s five largest newspapers between 2001 and 2016, and referenced either payment were analysed. We found an increased use of fraud language associated with the DSP, which coincides with increased political and policy focus on this payment. We conclude that in a period of increasing political concern with welfare reform, media coverage of welfare recipients is a form of stigma power, acting discursively as symbolic violence.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-02-03T04:50:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183211073945
       
  • It Shouldn't Happen Here: Colonial and racial discourses of deservingness
           in UK anti-poverty campaign

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      Authors: Alexandra Wanjiku Kelbert
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      In September 2012, Save the Children UK launched the It Shouldn't Happen Here campaign, to raise awareness of the incidence of poverty amongst British children, and raise funds for the charity's UK programmes. Shortly after the launch, SCUK experienced severe media and political backlash, as primarily centre and right-wing commentators described the campaign as a political stunt, and sought to discredit, deny and depoliticise the claims that severe child poverty ‘happens here’. Drawing on interviews with former staff, and an analysis of the media response, this article explores the ways in which the campaign and the ensuing backlash were embedded in a set of colonial and racialized discourses around ‘who is poor’ and who is deserving/undeserving both in Britain and globally. Crucially, the findings from this study raise important challenges to the recent reintroduction of questions of race (as whiteness) in populist discussions around class and poverty.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-01-27T01:38:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221075960
       
  • A critical systems evaluation of the introduction of a ‘discharge to
           assess’ service in Kent

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      Authors: Erica Wirrmann Gadsby, Gerald Wistow, Jenny Billings
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Discharge to Assess (D2A) models of care have been developed to expedite the process of discharging hospital patients as soon as they are medically fit to leave, thereby improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system. This article focuses on the implementation of a D2A model in Kent, England, which formed a case study for a European research programme of improvements in integrated care for older people. It uses the Critical Systems Heuristics framework to examine the implementation process and focuses in particular on why this improvement project proved to be so difficult to implement and why the anticipated outcomes were so elusive. The analysis highlights the value in using critical systems thinking to better evaluate integrated care initiatives, in particular by identifying more explicitly different stakeholder perspectives and power relationships within the system and its decision environment.
      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-01-06T12:04:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183211065028
       
  • Book Review: Agents of Reform. Child Labor and the Origins of the Welfare
           State by Elisabeth Anderson

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      Authors: Jane Humphries
      First page: 550
      Abstract: Critical Social Policy, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Critical Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-06-01T05:39:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02610183221101161
       
 
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