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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
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Safer Communities
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.155
Number of Followers: 50  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1757-8043 - ISSN (Online) 2042-8774
Published by Emerald Homepage  [362 journals]
  • Design and development of a digital intervention for crime prevention: a
           road safety intervention targeting young driver non-compliance

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      Authors: Levi Anderson, Lyndel Bates, Lacey Schaefer
      Abstract: This purpose of this study is to outline an inclusive development strategy for crime prevention interventions. Crime prevention interventions are delivered to the target audience to convey an evidence-based message to dissuade would-be offenders from carrying out crimes. However, rarely is the target audience involved when designing crime prevention interventions. Using the Delphi method, this paper documents the design of an intervention aimed at improving young drivers’ compliance with road rules, incorporating feedback from both a panel of experts and the target audience of the intervention. While expert feedback guided the content and the context of the intervention, the feedback from the target audience was critical in ensuring that effective delivery and messaging of the crafted intervention would occur. By drawing on expert and experiential insights, this exploratory method of intervention design provided a simple and effective way of ensuring the effective delivery of a crime prevention message. Although this study focussed on a road safety intervention, the crime prevention applications of this method are broad. This paper outlines a collaborative methodology that utilises expert and experiential knowledge towards the design and development of a crime prevention intervention, in this case, targeted at young drivers.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2023-01-27
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-07-2022-0026
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2023)
       
  • Co-producing trauma-informed youth justice in Australia'

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      Authors: Andrew Day, Catia Malvaso, Luke Butcher, Joanne O'Connor, Katherine McLachlan
      Abstract: Recent years have seen significant policy and practice interest in how to best respond to the impact of childhood maltreatment and adversity on young people’s contact with youth justice systems. In Australia, this has resulted in increasing pressure to implement trauma-informed practice, although this is a term that has different meanings for different stakeholders, and little is known about the perspectives of justice-involved young people. This paper aims to review what is currently known about co-production in youth justice and discuss ways in which young people can be meaningfully involved in the development of trauma-informed practice frameworks. A narrative approach is used to present a contextual overview of youth justice in Australia, introduce key concepts underpinning trauma-informed practice and consider the barriers and facilitators of co-production and participatory approaches to the development and implementation of trauma-informed practice. Youth justice in Australia is widely viewed as in urgent need of reform, with broad interest in developing more trauma-informed practice in these systems. Co-production and participatory approaches are fundamental to the reform process and can help to ensure that the views and aspirations of the children for whom these systems are responsible are embedded in efforts to implement trauma-informed practice. This paper presents an argument for implementing trauma-informed practice in Australian youth justice that is based on consultation and collaboration with young people. It does not present evidence about the potential effectiveness of such an approach. This paper has direct implications for youth justice practice, in terms of both service philosophy, design and delivery. The work discussed in this paper offers possibilities for new and different ways of responding to youth crime and maintaining community safety. Whilst the need to re-imagine youth justice is widely recognised, there are few resources available to support efforts to co-produce trauma-informed practice. This paper synthesises what is known about these approaches and offers some suggestions and possible ways forward.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2023-01-19
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-08-2022-0030
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2023)
       
  • Experiential peers cultivate a participation culture in youth justice

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      Authors: Andi Brierley
      Abstract: The purpose of this viewpoint paper is to explore the concept of experiential peer support, which involves individuals who have lived experiences of using care and justice services. This paper discusses whether experiential peer support can contribute to developing a participatory culture in youth justice practice. This viewpoint paper will critically evaluate the relational power of experiential peers. Particular attention will be paid to the key components of relational practices by reflecting on ways to enhance the voice of the child within participatory and child first approaches. The paper draws on a range of evidence and research to explore whether inclusion of a lived experience perspective can foster participatory cultures. Experiential peers can create a participatory youth justice culture, which can positively impact on desistance for justice involved children. Further research needs to be undertaken to extrapolate the key characteristics of effective experiential peer support. This includes discussion on whether recruitment of wounded healers into professional youth justice roles can enhance participation in youth justice settings and construct conditions for social growth to develop in youth justice practice. The author of this viewpoint paper has personal experience of care, youth incarceration and professional experience of youth justice participation practice, providing a unique vantage point and contribution to the desistance and rehabilitation literature.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-07-2022-0024
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2023)
       
  • The SECURE STAIRS framework: preliminary evaluation of the impact on
           therapeutic climate in a secure children’s home (SCH)

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      Authors: Annette McKeown, Gemma Ramshaw, Anna Smith, Sarah Atkinson, Patrick John Kennedy
      Abstract: The SECURE STAIRS framework for integrated care is a trauma-informed approach to supporting staff and young people within the Children and Young People’s Secure Estate (CYPSE) in the UK. Within secure settings, therapeutic climate is a concept that encapsulates an individual’s perception of safety, connectedness with others and level of support within the environment. To support evaluation of the SECURE STAIRS framework, a Secure Children’s Home (SCH) within the North East of England examined therapeutic climate for staff and young people annually using the Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) over a three-year period. This paper aims to present the findings. Over the three years, a total of 71 young people and 214 staff EssenCES questionnaires were administered. Between 2020 and 2021, the setting also experienced significant changes resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Numbers of young people also decreased within the setting over the three-year period. Results indicated a positive trend for therapeutic climate sub-scores. For example, Experienced Safety for young people significantly increased from 2020 to 2021. Additionally, therapeutic hold for staff was significantly higher in 2020 and 2021 in comparison to 2018. Findings are discussed in relation to implementation of the SECURE STAIRS framework and providing trauma-informed care for vulnerable young people within secure settings. Implications for practice are explored.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-11-2021-0044
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Perceptions of police use of surveillance cameras in Ghana; does
           procedural justice matter'

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      Authors: Stewart Selase Hevi, Ebenezer Malcalm, Gifty Enyonam Ketemepi, Akorfa Wuttor, Clemence Dupey Agbenorxevi
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the effect of perception of police use of surveillance cameras (POP-S), perception of police legitimacy (POP-L) and community well-being. The study further explores the mediating effect of procedural justice between POP-S and police legitimacy. A convenience sampling technique was used in the selection of 388 participants, who answered questions relating to police use of surveillance cameras, legitimacy, procedural justice and community well-being. Structural equation modeling was used to test the effects of the hypothesized paths. The findings showed that POP-L was positively related to community well-being. In addition, procedural fairness partially mediates between POP-S and police legitimacy. The study sample was limited to only motorists within the city of Accra. Hence, the study does not consider other potential offenses that may be uncovered by police-deployed surveillance cameras. The study optimizes the relevance of technology use in contemporary policing for the elimination of road traffic carnage. In this research, the academic scope of technology-based policing was scholarly advanced by drawing links between police use of surveillance cameras, police legitimacy, procedural justice and community well-being within the context of emerging economies.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-04-2022-0015
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Examination of a community-based, multifaceted program for juvenile
           offenders and their families

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      Authors: David A. Scott
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the results of a community-based program addressing the mental health needs of at-risk youth (n = 196) and their families. The program served as an alternative to secure detention for youth residing in several rural counties in the southeastern part of the country. Several measures were used to evaluate the program’s effectiveness over a four-year timeframe. The multifaceted program produced favorable results in reducing delinquent behaviors and improving relationships within their family. This study demonstrated that using a multifaceted intervention can be beneficial to juveniles in the juvenile justice system and their families. This study set out to provide services and interventions aimed at reducing re-offending, exploring career development and improving overall family functioning. This study is original work and is not being submitted elsewhere.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2022-10-05
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-03-2022-0011
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Searching for context: a review of “what works” reviews of
           interventions to prevent youth offending using the EMMIE Framework

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      Authors: Stephen Case, Charlie E. Sutton, Joanne Greenhalgh, Mark Monaghan, Judy Wright
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the extent to which “What Works” reviews in youth justice enable understanding of the features of effectiveness (what works, for whom, in what circumstances and why') specified in the Effects–Mechanisms–Moderators–Implementation–Economic cost (EMMIE) framework. The EMMIE framework examined findings within a sample of “What Works” style reviews of preventative youth justice intervention effectiveness. “What Works” style reviews of evaluations of preventative youth justice interventions often omit the requisite details required to examine all of the necessary elements of effectiveness contained within the EMMIE framework. While effectiveness measures were typically provided, the dominant evaluation evidence-base struggles to consider moderators of effect, mechanisms of change, implementation differences and cost-effectiveness. Therefore, “What Works” samples cannot facilitate sufficient understanding of “what works for whom, in what circumstances and why'”. The authors argue that Realist Synthesis can fill this gap and shed light on the contexts that shape the mechanisms through which youth justice interventions work. The authors extended the approach adopted by an earlier review of effectiveness reviews (Tompson et al., 2020), considering more recent reviews of the effectiveness of preventative interventions using the EMMIE framework. Unlike previous reviews, the authors prioritised the utility of the EMMIE framework for assessing the factors affecting the effectiveness of preventative interventions in youth justice.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2022-09-09
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-04-2022-0014
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Teen firearm access during COVID: a repeated cross-sectional analysis of
           Pennsylvania families

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      Authors: Lacey Nicole Wallace
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate patterns in adolescent gun access and household gun storage in 2021 and 2022. Data were collected from two cross-sectional surveys of Pennsylvania parents with a teenage child at home. The results indicated that about 20% of gun owners in each survey stored their guns loaded; a similar percentage stored their guns unlocked. Very few gun owners reported that their children could access their guns without adult supervision. This study found no change in gun storage practices between 2021 and 2022, but higher rates of gun ownership in 2022. The factors associated with gun storage behaviors did change between the two time points. COVID-related uncertainties and transitions in the household were linked to gun ownership and less safe storage practices in 2021, but not in 2022. This study identified factors associated with teen gun access at distinct points during the pandemic. This study found little evidence of any association between child mental health and household firearm storage.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2022-07-27
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-05-2022-0018
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Retailers’ perceptions of the effectiveness of CPTED-based techniques in
           reducing shoplifting: the case of Istanbul

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      Authors: Mine Özaşçılar
      Abstract: Shoplifting has become a widespread crime problem worldwide. The study aims to investigate retailers’ perceptions of the effectiveness of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED)-based techniques to prevent shoplifting in Istanbul. Data collection involved 370 face-to-face interviews with store managers at shopping malls in Istanbul by using a structured, self-explanatory questionnaire. The current study applies CPTED approach to measure the effectiveness of informal and formal surveillance techniques. The results revealed that store managers perceived awareness of sales staff as the most effective CPTED-based approach to prevent shoplifting. The study identified six factors underlying perceived effectiveness of CPTED-based techniques: surveillance (informal surveillance), image/maintenance and surveillance (formal surveillance), territoriality, surveillance (formal surveillance), surveillance (mechanical surveillance) and target hardening. No research to date has addressed the effectiveness of CPTED-based techniques in Turkey at shopping malls. Given the limited number of prior research, the results provide important insights regarding the perceived effectiveness of CPTED-based techniques.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-08-2021-0035
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Perceived neighborhood crime and health: a multilevel analysis for Turkey

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      Authors: Tekin Kose, Nur Orak
      Abstract: Crime has notable impacts on health outcomes of individuals through various pathways. This study aims to explore relationships between perceived neighborhood crime and health statuses of individuals in Turkey. This study combines individual- and household-level data from a national household survey and regional-level data for empirical analyses. A multilevel estimation framework is used for quantification of associations between a perceived neighborhood crime indicator and an individual-level health status index. Empirical findings indicate that perceived neighborhood crime level has a negative relationship with health indexes of Turkish individuals. Additionally, health index is significantly associated with individual- and household-level covariates. Public policies for health and safety improvements should consider heterogeneities in characteristics of individuals and households in developing regions of the world. Earlier findings on associations of crime and health measures mostly rely on evidence from developed regions of the world. This research complements the related literature by providing empirical analysis of associations between perceived neighborhood crime and health outcomes for a developing country, Turkey.
      Citation: Safer Communities
      PubDate: 2022-07-21
      DOI: 10.1108/SC-08-2021-0034
      Issue No: Vol. 21, No. 4 (2022)
       
 
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