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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
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Journal of Public Health
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.719
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 137  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1741-3842 - ISSN (Online) 1741-3850
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [419 journals]
  • Applying Benford’s law to COVID-19 data: the case of the European
           Union

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Kolias P.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundPrevious studies have used Benford’s distribution to assess the accuracy of COVID-19 data. Data inaccuracies provide false information to the media, undermine global response and hinder the preventive measures taken by authorities.MethodsDaily new cases and deaths from all the countries of the European Union were analyzed and the conformance to Benford’s distribution was estimated. Two statistical tests and two measures of deviation were calculated to determine whether the reported statistics comply with the expected distribution. Four country-level developmental indexes were included, the GDP per capita, health expenditures, the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) Index and the full vaccination rate. Regression analysis was implemented to examine whether the deviation from Benford’s distribution is affected by the aforementioned indexes.ResultsThe findings indicate that Bulgaria, Croatia, Lithuania and Romania were in line with Benford’s distribution. Regarding daily cases, Denmark, Ireland and Greece, showed the greatest deviation from Benford’s distribution. Furthermore, it was found that the vaccination rate is positively associated with deviation from Benford’s distribution.ConclusionsThe findings suggest that overall, official data provided by authorities are not confirming Benford’s law, yet this approach acts as a preliminary tool for data verification. More extensive studies should be made with a more thorough investigation of countries that showed the greatest deviation.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdac005
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Managing stroke risk in patients with atrial fibrillation: a
           cross-sectional analysis of socio-demographic inequalities in a London
           borough

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      Authors: Wou C; Crompton J, Ashworth M, et al.
      Abstract: AbstractBackgroundStroke prevention is essential for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but some receive sub-optimal management. We reviewed those with a recorded AF diagnosis assessed with CHA2DS2-VASc stroke risk score (SRS) and socio-demographic determinants of anticoagulation prescribing. The objective was to compare with national guidance recommendations, which recommend anticoagulant therapy for SRS ≥ 2, to determine if there were inequalities in management.MethodsA cross-sectional design was used to analyze records from all (n = 41) general practices in one London borough. Patients were excluded if they were <18 years, had AF resolved or diagnosed < 3 months. Logistic regression identified socio-demographic factors associated with high SRS and anticoagulant prescribing.ResultsOf 2913 patients, 2885 (99.0%) had an SRS, and 2411 (83.6%) a score ≥ 2 and 82.9% (1999 of 2411) were prescribed anticoagulation. Women (compared with men), Black and Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups (compared with White), and those living in most deprived areas (compared with least) were more likely to have a score ≥ 2. Patients with a high SRS from Black and Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups and aged 18–74 years were less likely to be prescribed anticoagulation.ConclusionWe found evidence of age and ethnic inequity in anticoagulation prescribing for stroke prevention in patients with AF.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Feb 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdac004
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • War and public health

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      Authors: Webster P; Neal K.
      Pages: 215 - 216
      Abstract: Office of AIDS Research10.13039/100006084National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases10.13039/100000060National Institutes of Health10.13039/100000002
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdac060
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Prior COVID-19 infection: an underappreciated factor in vaccine hesitancy
           in the USA

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      Authors: Do D; Frank R.
      Pages: 471 - 474
      Abstract: AbstractDespite tremendous efforts to quickly identify the ‘vaccine hesitant’ in the USA, what has emerged instead is a complex picture of a highly heterogeneous unvaccinated population. Although numerous factors have been implicated in influencing US COVID-19 vaccine decision-making, the role that prior coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection may play in vaccine receipt has been largely uninvestigated. Using data from two separate US national surveys, the US COVID-19 Trends and Impact Survey and the Household Pulse Survey, we find that roughly one-quarter of unvaccinated survey respondents has had a prior COVID-19 infection. Prior COVID-19 infection halves the odds of receiving the vaccine. This information is consequential for ongoing vaccine outreach efforts.
      PubDate: Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/pubmed/fdab404
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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