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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 224 journals)
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Social Compass
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.477
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0037-7686 - ISSN (Online) 1461-7404
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Above and beyond social boundaries: Everyday life of Mixed
           Muslim–non-Muslim families in contemporary societies Au-delà des
           frontières sociales : le vécu des familles mixtes
           musulmanes-non-musulmanes dans les sociétés contemporaines

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      Authors: Catherine Therrien, Josiane LE Gall, Francesco Cerchiaro
      Pages: 263 - 294
      Abstract: Social Compass, Volume 69, Issue 3, Page 263-294, September 2022.

      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-08-04T09:31:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221113253
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • La vérité sur soi-même : les pédagogies de conversion et les nouveaux
           mouvements religieux catholiques en Amérique latine

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      Authors: Diego Meza
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I analyze the conversion retreats of the John XXIII Movement in Ipiales, Colombia in order to understand the swift spread of new Catholic groups in Latin America. Based on a qualitative research, I examined through twenty semi-structured interviews the definitions, narratives and meanings that some members and leaders of this movement attribute to their confessions and public testimonies of conversion. Instead of distinguishing John XXIII spiritual retreats and conversion testimonies as forms of domination, I propose the concept of pedagogies of conversion, in other words, a set of practices that seek to morally educate believers and that create a double economy of freedom and constraint. Finally, I drawn on various stories to show how moral agency relates to the intensity of these practices and to the past religious experiences of believers.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-07-23T09:13:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221108276
       
  • Athéisme et sécularisme au Kenya : les tribulations des Atheists
           In Kenya (AIK)

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      Authors: Hervé Maupeu, Yonatan N. GEZ, Yvan DROZ
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      As affirmed by the 2010 constitution, the Republic of Kenya is a secular country that promises both freedom of faith and freedom from religion. In practice, however, the realm of religion in Kenya is highly normative. The 2010s have seen the rise of a group seeking to challenge this status quo: Atheists in Kenya (AIK). The group met with fierce resistance, and its attempt to register as a legal society ended before the country’s High Court. AIK’s activism turned it into a social movement that demands a reexamination of the close ties between religion and the State. It is thus an important participant in a wide debate on secularism in Kenya. In addition, AIK may be read as a testimony to the country’s present stage of democratization, which allows – if sometimes reluctantly – for new modes of social action and for the expression of claims that were formerly kept in check.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-07-02T09:18:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221105780
       
  • We have always been transreligious: An introduction to transreligiosity

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      Authors: Anastasios Panagiotopoulos, Eugenia Roussou
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      This article is a proposition and exploration of the term ‘transreligiosity’. We argue that transreligiosity is more apt to describe the transgressive character of religiosity, focusing more particularly on the transversality of spaces, symbolic or otherwise, which are created in religious phenomena. We examine the porosity of religious boundaries and, ultimately, propose the term transreligiosity to embrace them, placing emphasis on their transreligious character, while perceiving them as significant instantiations of transreligiosity. We take some of Latour’s key concepts on ‘purification’, to argue for the ultimate impossibility of it in the sphere of religiosity. While processes of purification have been powerful through efforts to institutionalize and centralize religiosity, at a vernacular level, this has had a contrary effect. Religious subjects have been distanced from a more direct participation (‘mediation’). Hence, they are constantly creating transreligious instances to abolish and transgress those rigid borders.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-07-02T06:15:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221103713
       
  • In plain view: Gender in the work of women healthcare chaplains

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      Authors: Sonya Sharma, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      In sociological studies of religion and chaplaincy, there is little research on how gender plays a role in structural inequalities and experiences of women chaplains. Through research on the work of women chaplains in public healthcare in Vancouver (Canada) and London (England) this qualitative study revealed that while they have opportunities for leadership and ministry in chaplaincy, they are often on the margins of the religious institutions they are affiliated with and the secular medical organisations that employ them. Simultaneously, they confront the social structuring of gender and race that can affect them being overlooked. By applying a lived religion and feminist intersectional analysis, this research focuses on an area of study that has received scant attention.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-06-29T11:44:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221105770
       
  • Space and secularism: Laïcité, spatial governmentality, and exclusion in
           French hijab stories

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      Authors: Dimitri Almeida
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      The article frames current practices of French laïcité in terms of spatial governmentality. It builds upon this notion to explore spatialised representations of religion and secularism in ‘hijab stories’ (narratives of the self that focus on the daily experiences of women who wear a hijab). The analysis of Fatimata Diallo’s Sous mon voile and Nargesse Bibimoune’s Confidence à mon voile reveals an ever-expansive reach of an exclusionary reading of laïcité. This phenomenon has severely restricted the spatial practice of hijabi women in French society favouring adaptive strategies that include the creation of counter-spaces of subjectivation and self-expression.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-06-10T12:03:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221103130
       
  • Negotiating Germany’s first Muslim–Christian kindergarten:
           Temporalities, multiplicities, and processes in interreligious dialogue

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      Authors: Arndt-Walter Emmerich
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      Drawing on fieldwork in the Northern German town of Gifhorn, the article analyses the negotiation process of Germany’s first Muslim–Christian kindergarten during its inception and consolidation phase between 2007 and 2020. Through the reconstruction of the kindergarten case, the study informs the literature on interreligious dialogue and governance of religious diversity from a local perspective. A temporal analysis is used for the study of dialogue to capture changing views and positions of different stakeholders during shifting opportunity structures, including the rise of far-right populism and deteriorating political relations between Germany and Turkey. Hence, the kindergarten, which mirrors Germanys’ national policy framework of institutionalizing Islam through treaties and dialogue cooperation, can be seen as a stage on which local negotiations and interreligious dynamics play out, uncovering complex intersections within the local, national, and international arena of politics.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-03-28T12:03:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221084694
       
  • From dialogue to activism: How to get Generation Z and Millennials to
           participate in the multifaith movement in Australia

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      Authors: Geraldine Smith
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines why young people rarely participate in the activities, initiatives, and organisations of the multifaith movement in Australia. It will discuss five issues which impede Generation Z and Millennials from engaging in the multifaith movement by drawing on previous studies on these generations and interview data with multifaith activists in Australia. There is a significant portion of Generation Z and Millennials who have hybrid religious identities, identify as nonreligious, and/or stand at the margins of religious institutions. Yet, this is incompatible with the dialogue model which assumes that its participants are unambiguous full members of their religious tradition who are imbued with the legitimacy of their institution and endowed with the role of a representative. If multifaith activists shifted the focus from dialogue to activist, relational, and humanitarian aspects of the multifaith movement, it may empower young people to participate in a way that reflects their experiences, concerns, and goals.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-03-15T11:25:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686211065980
       
  • ‘A top secret relationship’: Muslim–Christian courtships in
           Ceuta’s convivencia

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      Authors: Ibtisam Sadegh
      First page: 295
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      Ceuta, a Spanish enclave on the North African Mediterranean coast, is a place of quotidian coexistence between Muslims, Christians, and smaller numbers of Hindus and Jews. The Ceutan government, in response to the dense heterogeneous population, extolled discourse of convivencia, which celebrates the diverse ethno-religious groups living peacefully together. Today, convivencia permeates all aspects of Ceutan political, social, and economic life. Within this pervasive discourse, interreligious couples are regarded as the epitome of convivencia, and yet, at a familial level, they remain frowned upon for crossing socio-religious and political boundaries. This article studies how through secrecy and tactical secret-sharing, Muslim–Christian couples successfully initiate, construct, and transform their intimacy into marriage or cohabitation. Based on extensive ethnographic research and interviews with Ceutan and Ceutan-peninsular interreligious couples, this article concludes that secret courtships provide mixed couples a space and time vital for negotiating their differences, while navigating the overarching socio-religious and political structures.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-05-05T11:02:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221089575
       
  • Identity formation among mixed families in a conflictual society: The case
           of Jewish–Muslim families in Israel

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      Authors: Alice Gaya
      First page: 312
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      Mixed families offer a unique opportunity to explore the interrelated aspects of identity such as religion, ethnicity, and nationalism. In Israel, intermarriages of Muslims and Jews are particularly interesting because the complex tensions between these identities are intertwined with the national conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. However, such mixed families have rarely been studied. The purpose of this study is to identify the ways in which mixed families construct their identities in the context of a conflictual society. It is based on ethnographic work conducted among 16 Jewish–Muslim families. Findings indicate two patterns of identity formation: single identity, in which one spouse transitions to the other spouse’s culture, and hybrid identity, in which each spouse takes part in the other’s religious and cultural practices. This article demonstrates how socioeconomic status affects the choices that mixed families make in the process of identity formation in the context of a conflictual society.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-05-05T11:05:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221090785
       
  • ‘When I told my parents I was going to marry a Muslim…’: Social
           perception and attitudes towards intermarriage in Italy, France and
           Belgium

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      Authors: Francesco Cerchiaro
      First page: 329
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      Based on biographical interviews held in Italy, France and Belgium with mixed couples where one partner has a Muslim background and the other a Christian one, the analysis highlights the factors involved when a relationship generates negative reactions among the family of the majority partner. The article questions the assumption according to which mixed marriages are the result of the diminishing of group boundaries. Its findings suggest that these couples may often highlight the continued presence of strong social barriers. Muslim men – particularly if they have a lower socio-economic status – are more likely to face the opposition of their families-in-law. The fear of the majority group of losing ‘social prestige’ indicates that the intertwining of social class and ethnic difference plays a major role, especially at the beginning of the relationships. Islamophobia emerges as a both ‘racialised’ and ‘gendered’ category, strengthening the stereotype of the Muslim man as the emblem of ‘otherness’.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-03-30T11:50:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221084681
       
  • When sharing religion is not enough: A transregional perspective on
           marriage, piety, and the intersecting scales of identity transmission
           among female converts to Islam in mixed unions

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      Authors: Géraldine Mossière
      First page: 347
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      Drawing on fieldwork conducted among converts to Islam (France and Quebec), this article focuses on women who are in unions with partners of Muslim background. As these women commit to make a union based on shared religious identity, they face the double challenge of learning to be a Muslim and of transmitting identity to the children. Addressing these issues opens a space of ongoing negotiations within the couple (sometimes involving the in-laws) over the definition of the ‘authentic’ Islam, and the articulation between religion and ethnicity. These conjugal debates create new areas of mixedness through women’s own identification processes as Muslim and French or Quebecois. This negotiation is framed by the social and cultural capital each partner is granted in their specific context of living, including experiences of having minority status, as well as by the specific representations each partner draws on the ethnicity and space of origin of the other.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-05-05T11:08:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221090786
       
  • ‘My father is Muslim and my mother is Christian: What about me'’
           Religious identity and agency within mixed families in Morocco

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      Authors: Catherine Therrien
      First page: 365
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores not only the narratives of mixed individuals regarding what has been transmitted to them by their parents in terms of religious background, but also their own religious practice and affiliation. More specifically, the article focuses on mixed individuals who were raised in Muslim–Christian practicing families and who have grown up in Morocco. I will argue that despite the constraints of the religious context and the fact that they were raised in an interreligious practicing family, they are nevertheless active agents in the formation of their religious identity. The context in which they lived impacts their daily life, but not their capacity to make their choices in terms of religious identity. They do not always feel free to display their choices socially, face social pressure to conform to the majority group religious norms and/or family expectations, but develop adaptive practices to socially navigate the different social and family contexts.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-05-04T01:10:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221089115
       
  • Social and religious dimensions of mixed-faith families: The case of a
           Muslim–Christian family

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      Authors: Elisabeth Arweck
      First page: 386
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      The article reports data from a study investigating the religious identity formation of young people in mixed-faith families. This involved parents from Christian, Hindu, Sikh, and Muslim backgrounds, with a spouse of these four faiths. One of the ‘Muslim–non-Muslim’ families is considered here as a case study to shed light on social and religious dimensions pertaining to both parents and children. One parent has a Muslim, the other a Christian background. The article examines how the parents understand and approach the ‘mixed’ nature of their family and how this translates into socialising their children into their respective religious traditions. It also engages with the perceptions of the children, exploring their sense of religious identity and social belonging. Drawing on interviews, the article discusses participants’ perspectives regarding ‘dual heritage’/‘mixedness’ and cultural and religious transmission, referring to studies on mixed-faith families to embed the data in existing research.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-04-19T06:43:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221087069
       
  • Family transmission and identity construction: The perspective of
           ‘mixed’ individuals with a Muslim parent in Quebec

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      Authors: Josiane Le Gall, Hernán Comtois-Garcia
      First page: 404
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      Based on interviews conducted in Quebec with 23 people with parents of different ethnic backgrounds and one of whom is Muslim by birth, this article explores how family transmission influences identity construction. More specifically, the article deals with how these mixed individuals identify themselves through certain identity references. The analysis highlights the essential role of family transmission in how individuals define themselves while showing the latitude they enjoy. It also shows that while their identity is linked to certain cultural references, identity markers such as language, religion, or nationality are not necessarily the most important elements for them.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-06-23T12:33:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221091049
       
  • Daughters of Maghrebian Muslim and native non-Muslim couples in Spain:
           Identity choices and constraints

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      Authors: Dan Rodríguez-García, Cristina Rodríguez-Reche
      First page: 423
      Abstract: Social Compass, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the life experiences of the daughters of mixed couples living in Spain. These adolescents and young adults have one Muslim parent of Maghrebi origin and another non-Muslim native Spanish parent. Drawing on in-depth interviews, we examine the identity processes of this female population and the interplay between factors of origin, location, and gender. We find that prejudices around Maghrebi Muslims in Spain have a constraining impact on the identity choices of females in particular. Social perceptions of Islam immediately place these teenagers and young women in a position of being the absolute Other, giving rise to differential treatment and limiting their identity choices and sense of belonging. However, these respondents also demonstrate resilience, empowerment, and agency in confronting socially imposed categories, such as forming counter-narratives and self-categorising in multiple ways – in turn illuminating the socially transformative aspects of ethnic and religious mixedness.
      Citation: Social Compass
      PubDate: 2022-05-05T11:10:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00377686221091045
       
 
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