Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3134 journals)
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CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (32 journals)

Showing 1 - 29 of 29 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Cytology and Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cell Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comparative Cytogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Protocols in Cytometry     Hybrid Journal  
Cytogenetic and Genome Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cytokine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Cytokine : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cytology and Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cytometry Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cytometry Part B: Clinical Cytometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cytopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cytoskeleton     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cytotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Diagnostic Cytopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Genetics And Cytology     Open Access  
European Journal of Histochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cryptogamica Estonica     Open Access  
Histochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cytology & Histology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Histotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Histology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the History of Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Single Cell Biology     Open Access  
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Molecular Histology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.981
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1567-2387 - ISSN (Online) 1567-2379
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • Regulatory role of N-myc downregulated genes in amelogenesis in rats

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      Abstract: Abstract Cytodifferentiation of odontogenic cells, a late stage event in odontogenesis is based on gene regulation. However, studies on the identification of the involved genes are scarce. The present study aimed to search for molecules for the cytodifferentiation of ameloblastic cells in rats. Differential display-PCR revealed a differentially expressed gene between cap/early bell stage and hard tissue formation stage in molars. This gene was identified as N-myc Downregulated Gene 1 (Ndrg1), which is the first report in tooth development. Real time PCR and western blotting confirmed that the mRNA level of Ndrg1 was higher during enamel formation than the cap stage. Ndrg1 expression was upregulated in the early bell, crown, and root stages in a time-dependent manner. These patterns of expression were similar in Ndrg2, but Ndrg3 and Ndrg4 levels did not change during the developmental stages. Immunofluorescence revealed that strong immunoreactivity against Ndrg1 were detected in differentiated ameloblasts only, not inner enamel epithelium, odontoblasts and ameloblastic cells in defected enamel regions. Alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red s stains along with real time PCR, revealed that Ndrg1 and Ndrg2 were involved in cytodifferentiation and enamel matrix mineralization by selectively regulating amelogenin and ameloblastin genes in SF2 ameloblastic cells. These results suggest that Ndrg may play a crucial functional role in the cytodifferentiation of ameloblasts for amelogenesis.
      PubDate: 2024-02-26
       
  • Toll-like receptor 3 signaling drives enteric glial cells against dextran
           sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice

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      Abstract: Abstract The activation of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) has been reported to attenuate astrocytes injury in central nervous system, but its effect on enteric glial cells (EGCs) remains unknown. Here, we confirmed that the residence of EGCs was regulated by TLR3 agonist (polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid, PIC) or TLR3/dsRNA complex inhibitor in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mice. In vitro, TLR3 signaling prevented apoptosis in EGCs and drove the secretion of EGCs-derived glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and S-nitrosoglutathione. PIC preconditioning enhanced the protective effects of EGCs against the dysfunction of intestinal epithelial barrier and the development of colitis in DSS-induced mice. Interestingly, PIC stimulation also promoted the effects of EGCs on converting macrophages to an M2-like phenotype and regulating the levels of inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-10, in DSS-induced mice. These findings imply that TLR3 signaling in EGCs may provide a potential target for the prevention and treatment of colitis.
      PubDate: 2024-02-20
       
  • Osteopontin: an essential regulatory protein in idiopathic pulmonary
           fibrosis

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      Abstract: Abstract Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, chronic lung disease characterized by abnormal proliferation and activation of fibroblasts, excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM), inflammatory damage, and disrupted alveolar structure. Despite its increasing morbidity and mortality rates, effective clinical treatments for IPF remain elusive. Osteopontin (OPN), a multifunctional ECM protein found in various tissues, has been implicated in numerous biological processes such as bone remodeling, innate immunity, acute and chronic inflammation, and cancer. Recent studies have highlighted the pivotal role of OPN in the pathogenesis of IPF. This review aims to delve into the involvement of OPN in the inflammatory response, ECM deposition, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during IPF, and intends to lay a solid theoretical groundwork for the development of therapeutic strategies for IPF.
      PubDate: 2024-02-01
       
  • Investigation of miR-26b and miR-27b expressions and the effect of
           quercetin on fibrosis in experimental pulmonary fibrosis

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      Abstract: Abstract In this study, investigation of the effects of Quercetin on Bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis and fibrosis-associated molecules miR-26b and miR-27b was aimed. Control group was given 10% saline on the 0th day, and saline was administered for 21 days starting from the 8th day. Group 2 was given 50 mg/kg Quercetin for 21 days starting from the 8th day. Group 3 was given 10 mg/kg Bleomycin Sulfate on day 0, and sacrificed on the 22nd and 29th day. Group 4 was given 10 mg/kg Bleomycin Sulfate on the 0th day, and was given 50 mg/kg Quercetin for 14 days, and 21 days starting from day 8. Lung tissues were examined using light and electron microscopic, immunohistochemical and molecular biological methods. Injury groups revealed impaired alveolar structure, collagen accumulation and increased inflammatory cells in interalveolar septum. Fibrotic response was decreased and the alveolar structure was improved with Quercetin treatment. α-SMA expressions were higher in the injury groups, but lower in the treatment groups compared to the injury groups. E-cadherin expressions were decreased in the injury groups and showed stronger immunoreactivity in the treatment groups compared to the injury groups. miR-26b and miR-27b expressions were lower in the injury groups than the control groups, and higher in the treatment groups than the injury groups. Quercetin can be considered as a new treatment agent in the idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, since it increases the expression levels of miR-26b and miR-27b which decrease in fibrosis, and has therapeutic effects on the histopathological changes.
      PubDate: 2024-02-01
       
  • Correction: Sestrin2 ameliorates diabetic retinopathy by regulating
           autophagy and ferroptosis

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      PubDate: 2024-01-27
       
  • BLVRA exerts its biological effects to induce malignant properties of
           hepatocellular carcinoma cells via Wnt/β-catenin pathway

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      Abstract: Abstract The function of Biliverdin Reductase A (BLVRA) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells proliferation, invasion and migration remains unclear. Therefore, this research intends to explore the effect of BLVRA on HCC cells growth and metastasis. BLVRA expression was analyzed in public dataset and examined by using western blot. The malignant function of BLVRA in HCC cell lines and its effect on Wnt/β-catenin pathway were measured. Analysis from GEPIA website showed that BLVRA expression was significantly increased in HCC tissues, and high expression of BLVRA resulted in worse prognosis of HCC patients. Results from western blot showed that BLVRA expression was obviously increased in HCC cell lines. Moreover, HepG2 and Hep3B cells in si-BLVRA-1 or si-BLVRA-2 group displayed an obvious reduction in its proliferation, cell cycle, invasion and migration compared to those in the si-control group. Additionally, si-BLVRA-1 or si-BLVRA-2 transfection significantly reduced the protein levels of Vimentin, Snail1 and Snail2, as well as decreased Bcl-2 expression and increased Bax and cleaved-caspase 3 expression. Furthermore, si-BLVRA treatment inhibited the protein levels of c-MYC, β-catenin, and Cyclin D1. After IWP-4 (Wnt/β-catenin inhibitor) treatment, the proliferation ability of HCC cells was significantly reduced. BLVRA expression was significantly increased in HCC tissues and cell lines, and knocked down of BLVRA could suppress the proliferation, invasion and migration in HCC cell lines, as well as induce cell apoptosis. Moreover, si-BLVRA transfection blocked the activation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway.
      PubDate: 2024-01-13
       
  • The lncRNA lnc-TSI antagonizes sorafenib resistance in hepatocellular
           carcinoma via downregulating miR-4726-5p expression and upregulating
           KCNMA1 expression

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      Abstract: Abstract Acquired drug resistance is a main reason for limiting the application of sorafenib in HCC treatment. This study aimed to explore the role and mechanisms of a novel long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), lnc-TSI, in sorafenib resistance of HCC. The interaction between lnc-TSI and miR-4726-5p, and miR-4726-5p and KCNMA1 were predicted using bioinformatic tools. Expression of the molecules in the lnc-TSI/miR-4726-5p/KCNMA1 axis in clinical samples and cell lines, as well as the sorafenib resistant HCC cell lines, was determined using qRT-PCR or western blotting. Expressions of lnc-TSI, miR-4726-5p, and KCNMA1 were manipulated in HepG2 and Huh7 cells through plasmid transfection or lentivirus infection. The CCK-8, flow cytometry, and Tunel assays were employed to determine the role of this axis on sorafenib resistance of HCC. A xenograft model was established using sorafenib-resistant HepG2 and Huh7 cells followed by in vivo sorafenib treatments to confirm the in vitro findings. Lnc-TSI and KCNMA1 expressions were significantly downregulated in HCC clinical samples and cell lines, especially in sorafenib resistance ones, while mi-4726-5p presented a reversed expression pattern. Lnc-TSI interacted with miR-4726-5p, and Lnc-TSI acts as a ceRNA via sponging miR-4726-5p in HCC cells. Overexpression of lnc-TSI and KCNMA1 promoted apoptosis and decreased cell viability of sorafenib-treated HCC cells, thus alleviated sorafenib resistance. miR-4726-5p mimic reversed the KCNMA1-mediated sorafenib sensitivity-promoting effect, while additional overexpression of lnc-TSI reversed the effect of miR-4726-5p. In vivo analysis also showed that overexpression of ln-TSI diminished sorafenib resistance in mice inoculated with sorafenib-resistant HCC cells via increasing KCNMA1 expression and decreasing miR-4726-5p expression. The lnc-TSI/miR-4726-5p/KCNMA1 axis plays a critical role in regulating the resistance of HCC to sorafenib, and might serve as a therapeutic target to manage sorafenib resistance of HCC in clinic.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • Knockout of KDM3A in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells inhibits tumor
           malignancy and promotes apoptosis

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      Abstract: Abstract The histone lysine demethylase 3 A (KDM3A) is vital for the regulation of cancer physiology and pathophysiology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of KDM3A expression with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) invasion and metastasis. In our results, knockout of KDM3A in TNBC MDA-MB-231 cells promoted apoptosis and inhibited the proliferation, invasion and metastasis of MDA-MB-231 cells. In addition, we found that in vivo experiments indicated that the growth, invasion and metastasis of metastatic neoplasms were significantly inhibited by knockout of KDM3A in a TNBC metastasis model. These findings suggest that KDM3A may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment and prevention of TNBC, providing a critical theoretical basis for the effective prevention or treatment of breast cancer disease.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • Sestrin2 ameliorates diabetic retinopathy by regulating autophagy and
           ferroptosis

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      Abstract: Abstract Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious microvascular complication of diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of Sestrin2 on DR through the regulation of autophagy and ferroptosis levels and its mechanism. In vitro and in vivo DR models were established by high glucose (HG) and streptozotocin (STZ) induction of ARPE-19 human retinal pigment epithelial cells and C57BL/6 mice, respectively. In this study, we demonstrated that after HG treatment, the activity of ARPE-19 cells was decreased, the apoptosis rate was increased, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was activated, autophagy levels were decreased, and ferroptosis levels were increased. Overexpression of Sestrin2 enhanced cell viability, reduced apoptosis and ferroptosis, and enhanced autophagy. However, the effect of overexpression of Sestrin2 was attenuated after the addition of the STAT3 phosphorylation activator Colivelin TFA (C-TFA), the mTOR pathway activator MHY1485 or the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA). In addition, the effect of Sestrin2 knockdown on cells was opposite to the effect of overexpression of Sestrin2, while the effect of Sestrin2 knockdown was attenuated after treatment with the ER stress inhibitor 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA). Animal experiments also confirmed the results of cell experiments and attenuated the effects of overexpression of Sestrin2 after injection of the ferroptosis activators erastin or 3-MA. Our study revealed that Sestrin2 inhibits ferroptosis by inhibiting STAT3 phosphorylation and ER stress and promoting autophagy levels, thereby alleviating DR.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • VNS improves VSMC metabolism and arteriogenesis in infarcted hearts
           through m/n-AChR-Akt-SDF-1α in adult male rats

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      Abstract: Abstract Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) provides a novel therapeutic strategy for injured hearts by activating cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathways. However, little information is available on the metabolic pattern and arteriogenesis of VSMCs after MI. VNS has been shown to stimulate the expression of CPT1α, CPT1β, Glut1, Glut4 and SDF-1α in coronary VSMCs, decreasing the number of CD68-positive macrophages while increasing CD206-positive macrophages in the infarcted hearts, leading to a decrease in TNF-α and IL-1β accompanied by a reduced ratio of CD68- and CD206-positive cells, which were dramatically abolished by atropine and mecamylamine in vivo. Knockdown of SDF-1α substantially abrogated the effect of VNS on macrophagecell alteration and inflammatory factors in infarcted hearts. Mechanistically, ACh induced SDF-1α expression in VSMCs in a dose-dependent manner. Conversely, atropine, mecamylamine, and a PI3K/Akt inhibitor completely eliminated the effect of ACh on SDF-1α expression. Functionally, VNS promoted arteriogenesis and improved left ventricular performance, which could be abolished by Ad-shSDF-1α. Thus, VNS altered the VSMC metabolism pattern and arteriogenesis to repair the infarcted heart by inducing SDF-1α expression, which was associated with the m/nAChR-Akt signaling pathway.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • Orientin alleviates ox-LDL-induced oxidative stress, inflammation and
           apoptosis in human vascular endothelial cells by regulating Sestrin 1
           (SESN1)-mediated autophagy

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      Abstract: Abstract Endothelial cells are a crucial component of the vessel-tissue wall and exert an important role in atherosclerosis (AS). To explore the role of Orientin in AS, human vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) were induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) to simulate the vascular endothelial injury during AS. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. Oxidative stress and inflammation related markers were measured using kits, RT-qPCR or western blot. Besides, cell apoptosis was assessed with TUNEL staining and cell autophagy was evaluated by LC3 immunofluorescent staining. Additionally, western blot was utilized to evaluate the expression of Sestrin 1 (SESN1) and proteins in AMPK/mTOR signaling. Afterwards, SESN1 was silenced to determine the expression of autophagy-related proteins. The further application of autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) was used to clarify the regulatory mechanism of Orientin on autophagy. Results showed that the decreased viability of HUVECs caused by ox-LDL induction was elevated by Orientin. Oxidative stress and inflammation were also attenuated after Orientin addition in HUVECs under ox-LDL condition. Moreover, Orientin suppressed apoptosis and induced autophagy of HUVECs stimulated by ox-LDL, accompanied by enhanced level of phospho (p)-AMPK and declined level of p-mTOR. Interestingly, SESN1 level was elevated by Orientin, and SESN1 depletion alleviated autophagy and reduced p-AMPK expression but enhanced p-mTOR expression. The further experiments indicated that SESN1 silencing or 3-MA addition reversed the inhibitory effects of Orientin on the oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis of HUVECs. Collectively, Orientin could induce autophagy by activating SESN1 expression, thereby regulating AMPK/mTOR signaling in ox-LDL-induced HUVECs.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • Oncogenic lncRNA FAM215A promotes the malignant cell phenotypes of acute
           myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines

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      Abstract: Abstract Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a form of blood cancer that arise as a result of clonal proliferation of malignant myeloid precursors acquiring genetic abnormalities. Primary resistance to initial treatment and disease recurrence continues to be huge challenge in treating AML. Herein, GSE114868 was analyzed for differentially-expressed lncRNAs between AML patients’ mononucleated cells and healthy normal control mononucleated cells and 191 lncRNAs were significantly deregulated in AML patients’ mononucleated cells. The correlation between candidate lncRNAs and AML patients’ overall survival was analyzed and 6 lncRNAs, including MIR181A1HG, TRAF3IP2-AS1, STARD4-AS1, E2F3-IT1, FAM215A, and HHIP-AS1 were dramatically linked to AML patients’ OS. Using a Cox proportional-hazards model, we identified risk factors and found FAM215A as a risk factor for AML patients’ prognosis. The expression level of FAM215A showed to be upregulated within blood samples and cells. Genes correlated with FAM215A were correlated to cell division, modulation of cell apoptosis, and modulation of programmed cell death. FAM215A knockdown inhibited AML cell viability, elicited G0/G1-phase arrest of cell cycle, enhanced cell apoptosis, increased proapoptotic Bax and cleaved-caspase3 levels, and decreased antiapoptotic Bcl2. FAM215A overexpression exerted opposite effects on AML cells. Conclusively, FAM215A serves as an oncogenic lncRNA in AML, promoting cell viability, relieving cell cycle arrest, and suppressing cell apoptosis. FAM215A might be un underlying biological prognostic marker and therapeutic target for AML.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • Silenced-C5ar1 improved multiple organ injury in sepsis rats via
           inhibiting neutrophil extracellular trap

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      Abstract: Abstract Sepsis has a systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by infection. While neutrophils play contradictory roles in different stages of sepsis. Neutrophils have been proven to play an antibacterial role by producing neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). Although the NET is beneficial to bacteria resistance, abnormal NET increases tissue damage. The complement C5a receptor 1 (C5ar1) is a gene related to strong inflammatory reactions and is found to be associated with inflammatory factors. This study found that there were 45 down-regulated genes and 704 up-regulated genes in sepsis rats by transcriptome sequencing. And those genes were significantly related to inflammation and immunity by GO and KEGG enrichment analysis involving the chemokine signaling pathway, the Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway, and the Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis. Additionally, the C5ar1 gene was significantly upregulated with interesting potential in sepsis and used for further study. This study used cecum ligation and puncture (CLP) rats that were respectively injected intravenously with PBS or the lentivirus vector to explore the effect of C5ar1 on CLP rats. It demonstrated that silenced- C5ar1 inhibited the ALT, AST, BUN, and CREA levels, improved the lung and spleen injury, and reduced the TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, IL-10, cf-DNA, and cfDNA/MPO levels. Additionally, silenced C5ar1 inhibited the TLR2, TLR4, and peptidylarginine deiminase 4 expression levels, which suggested the improvement of silenced C5ar1 on sepsis via inhibiting NETs and the TLR signaling pathway. This study provides a basis and new direction for the study of treatment on sepsis.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • TOB1 and TOB2 mark distinct RNA processing granules in differentiating
           lens fiber cells

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      Abstract: Abstract Differentiation of lens fiber cells involves a complex interplay of signals from growth factors together with tightly regulated gene expression via transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulators. Various studies have demonstrated that RNA-binding proteins, functioning in ribonucleoprotein granules, have important roles in regulating post-transcriptional expression during lens development. In this study, we examined the expression and localization of two members of the BTG/TOB family of RNA-binding proteins, TOB1 and TOB2, in the developing lens and examined the phenotype of mice that lack Tob1. By RT-PCR, both Tob1 and Tob2 mRNA were detected in epithelial and fiber cells of embryonic and postnatal murine lenses. In situ hybridization showed Tob1 and Tob2 mRNA were most intensely expressed in the early differentiating fibers, with weaker expression in anterior epithelial cells, and both appeared to be downregulated in the germinative zone of E15.5 lenses. TOB1 protein was detected from E11.5 to E16.5 and was predominantly detected in large cytoplasmic puncta in early differentiating fiber cells, often co-localizing with the P-body marker, DCP2. Occasional nuclear puncta were also observed. By contrast, TOB2 was detected in a series of interconnected peri-nuclear granules, in later differentiating fiber cells of the inner cortex. TOB2 did not appear to co-localize with DCP2 but did partially co-localize with an early stress granule marker (EIF3B). These data suggest that TOB1 and TOB2 are involved with different aspects of the mRNA processing cycle in lens fiber cells. In vitro experiments using rat lens epithelial explants treated with or without a fiber differentiating dose of FGF2 showed that both TOB1 and TOB2 were up-regulated during FGF-induced differentiation. In differentiating explants, TOB1 also co-localized with DCP2 in large cytoplasmic granules. Analyses of Tob1-/- mice revealed relatively normal lens morphology but a subtle defect in cell cycle arrest of some cells at the equator and in the lens fiber mass of E13.5 embryos. Overall, these findings suggest that TOB proteins play distinct regulatory roles in RNA processing during lens fiber differentiation.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • Overview of the compromised mucosal integrity in celiac disease

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      Abstract: Abstract Intestinal epithelium is a dynamic cellular layer that lines the small-bowel and makes a relatively impenetrable barrier to macromolecules. Intestinal epithelial cell polarity is crucial in coordinating signalling pathways within cells and mainly regulated by three conserved polarity protein complexes, the Crumbs (Crb) complex, partitioning defective (PAR) complex, and Scribble (Scrib) complex. Polarity proteins regulate the proper establishment of the intercellular junctional complexes including tight junctions (TJs), adherence junctions (AJs), and desmosomes which hold epithelial cells together and play a major role in maintaining intestinal barrier integrity. Impaired intestinal epithelial cell polarity and barrier integrity result in irreversible immune responses, the host- microbial imbalance and intestinal inflammatory disorders. Disassembling the epithelial tight junction and augmented paracellular permeability is a conspicuous hallmark of celiac disease (CD) pathogenesis. There are several dietary components that can improve intestinal integrity and function. The aim of this review article is to summarize current information about the association of polarity proteins and AJC damages with pathogenesis of CD.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • LRRC1 knockdown downregulates MACF1 to inhibit the malignant progression
           of acute myeloid leukemia by inactivating β-catenin/c-Myc signaling

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      Abstract: Abstract Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematologic disease associated with genetic abnormalities. This study aimed to explore the role of leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 1 (LRRC1) in the malignant activities of AML and to reveal the molecular mechanism related to microtubule actin cross-linking factor 1 (MACF1). GEPIA database was used to analyze the expression of LRRC1 in bone marrow tissues of AML patients and the correlation between LRRC1 expression and survival analysis. LRRC1 was knocked down to assess the change of AML cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis using CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry. Besides, the contents of extracellular acidification and oxygen consumption rates were measured to evaluate the glycolysis. Additionally, the interaction between LRRC1 and MACF1 predicted by MEM database and was verified by co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assay. Then, MACF1 was overexpressed to conduct the rescue experiments. Expression of proteins in β-catenin/c-Myc signaling was detected by western blot. Finally, AML xenograft mouse model was established to observe the impacts of LRRC1 silencing on the tumor development. Notably upregulated LRRC1 expression was observed in bone marrow tissues of AML patients and AML cells, and patients with the higher LRRC1 expression displayed the lower overall survival. LRRC1 depletion promoted cell cycle arrest and apoptosis and inhibited the glycolysis. Co-IP confirmed the interaction between LRRC1 and MACF1. MACF1 upregulation relieved the impacts of LRRC1 knockdown on the malignant activities of AML cells. Moreover, LRRC1 silencing inhibited the development of xenograft tumor growth of HL-60 cells in nude mice, suppressed MACF1 expression and inactivated the β-catenin/c-Myc signaling. Collectively, LRRC1 knockdown suppressed proliferation, glycolysis and promoted apoptosis in AML cells by downregulating MACF1 expression to inactivate β-catenin/c-Myc signaling.
      PubDate: 2024-01-02
       
  • DLK1 overexpression improves sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction and
           fibrosis in mice through the TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling pathway and MMPs

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      Abstract: Abstract Sepsis is a serious inflammatory disease caused by bacterial infection. Cardiovascular dysfunction and remodeling are serious complications of sepsis, which can significantly affect sepsis patients’ mortality. Delta-like homologue 1 (DLK1) has been reported could inhibit cardiac myofibroblast differentiation. However, the function of DLK1 in sepsis is unknown. In the present study, the DLK1 expression was first identified based on the online dataset GSE79962 analysis and cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis mouse model. DLK1 expression was significantly reduced in septic heart tissues. In septic mouse heart, CLP operation decreased the fractional shortening (EF) (%) and ejection fraction (FS) (%) and caused significant edema, disordered myofilament arrangement, and degradation and necrosis in myocardial cells; CLP operation also increased collagen deposition and elevated the protein levels of fibrotic markers (α-SMA and F-actin). DLK1 overexpression in septic mice could effectively increase EF (%) and FS (%), attenuate CLP-caused ECM degradation and deposition and partially inhibit the CLP-induced TGF-β1/Smad signaling activation. In conclusion, DLK1 expression was poorly expressed in the CLP-induced septic mouse heart. DLK1 overexpression partially alleviated sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction and fibrosis, with the involvement of the TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling pathway and MMPs.
      PubDate: 2023-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10735-023-10161-6
       
  • The circSNX14 functions as a tumor suppressor via the miR-562/ LATS2
           pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma cells

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      Abstract: Abstract Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play critical roles in the initiation and progression of various cancers. However, the potential functional roles of circSNX14 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain largely unknown. CircSNX14 expression pattern was analyzed in HCC tissues and cell lines via qRT-PCR. The effects of circSNX14 on cell proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were investigated by overexpression experiments. The role of circSNX14 in the tumorigenesis of HCC cells was examined using in vivo xenograft mouse model. The interaction between circSNX14, miR-562, and Large Tumor Suppressor Kinase 2 (LATS2) mRNA was confirmed by Luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) analysis. CircSNX14 was significantly down-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines, and its down-regulation was correlated with a poor prognosis in HCC patients. In the following functional experiments, circSNX14 overexpression remarkably suppressed the proliferation and invasion of HCC cells, and attenuated the mesenchymall status. circSNX14 overexpression also suppressed the tumorigenesis of HCC cells in the mouse model. We further revealed the interaction of circSNX14 and miR-562, and miR-562 could suppress the expression of LATS2 by interacting with its mRNA. The negative correlation of circSNX14 and miR-562, negative correlation of miR-562 and LATS2, and positive correlation of circSNX14 and LATS2 have been confirmed by Pearson correlation in the HCC samples. Collectively, these results reveal a novel role of circSNX14/miR-562/LATS2 axis in regulating the malignant progression of HCC cancer progression, indicating the tumor suppressor role of circSNX14 and its potential as a prognostic biomarker.
      PubDate: 2023-10-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10735-023-10157-2
       
  • Cdk1 protects against oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion-induced
           

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      Abstract: Abstract Increasing evidence has indicated that the Golgi apparatus (GA) is involved in the development of cerebral ischemia–reperfusion (IR) injury. Finding effective neuroprotective agents targeting GA has become a priority in the treatment of ischemic stroke. GM130, a key structural protein present on the cis-face of the GA, maintains its structure through its phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. However, the molecular mechanisms by which GM130 regulates IR-induced neuronal apoptosis are not well elucidated. Mouse neuroblastoma Neuro2a (N2A) cells were subjected to oxygen–glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGDR) insult. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined using MTT assay, TUNEL staining, and flow cytometry. GA morphology was detected by immunocytochemical staining and immunofluorescence microscopy. GA-related protein and mRNA levels were detected by WB and qPCR, respectively. Treatment with Purvalanol A, an effective Cdk1 inhibitor, and transfection of Cdk1-shRNA were carried out to inhibit OGDR-induced Cdk1 elevation. The results demonstrated that OGDR induced Golgi fragmentation, neuronal apoptosis, GM130 phosphorylation, and p115 cleavage in N2A cells. Cdk1 elevation after OGDR was closely correlated with GM130 phosphorylation, not p115. Inhibition of Cdk1 significantly attenuated OGDR-induced Golgi fragmentation and cell apoptosis. Cdk1 interacted with GM130 and decreased its phosphorylation on the serine 25 site in N2A cells exposed to OGDR. The present findings reveal that Cdk1 protects against IR-induced GA fragmentation and apoptosis, likely through the mediation of GM130 phosphorylation. This neuroprotective potential of Cdk1 against IR insult and the underlying mechanism will pave the way for potential clinical applications targeting the GA organelle for cerebral IR-related disorders.
      PubDate: 2023-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10735-023-10164-3
       
  • Dynamic patterns of histone lactylation during early tooth development in
           mice

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      Abstract: Abstract Histone lactylation on its lysine (K) residues has been reported to have indispensable roles in lung fibrosis, embryogenesis, neural development, inflammation, and tumors. However, little is known about the lactylation activity towards histone lysine residue during tooth development. We investigated the dynamic patterns of lactate-derived histone lysine lactylation (Kla) using a pan-Kla antibody during murine tooth development, including lower first molar and lower incisor. The results showed that pan-Kla exhibited temporo-spatial patterns in both dental epithelium and mesenchyme cells during development. Notably, pan-Kla was identified in primary enamel knot (PEK), stratum intermedium (SI), stellate reticulum (SR), dental follicle cells, odontoblasts, ameloblasts, proliferating cells in dental mesenchyme, as well as osteoblasts around the tooth germ. More importantly, pan-Kla was also identified to be co-localized with neurofilament during tooth development, suggesting histone lysine lactylation may be involved in neural invasion during tooth development. These findings suggest that histone lysine lactylation may play important roles in regulating tooth development.
      PubDate: 2023-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10735-023-10154-5
       
 
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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3134 journals)
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CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (32 journals)

Showing 1 - 29 of 29 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Histochemica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Cytology and Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cell Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comparative Cytogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Protocols in Cytometry     Hybrid Journal  
Cytogenetic and Genome Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cytokine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Cytokine : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cytology and Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cytometry Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cytometry Part B: Clinical Cytometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cytopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cytoskeleton     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cytotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Diagnostic Cytopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Genetics And Cytology     Open Access  
European Journal of Histochemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cryptogamica Estonica     Open Access  
Histochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cytology & Histology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Histotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Histology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the History of Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Single Cell Biology     Open Access  
Vegetation History and Archaeobotany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
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