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EDUCATION (2180 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
#Tear : Revista de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
(Pensamiento), (palabra) y obra     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
21. Yüzyılda Eğitim Ve Toplum Eğitim Bilimleri Ve Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access  
21st Century Pedagogy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
@tic. revista d'innovació educativa     Open Access  
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ABDIMAS ALTRUIS : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Abdimas Toddopuli : Jurnal Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Academic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Academy of Educational Leadership Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 64)
Academy of Management Learning and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 64)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Açıköğretim Uygulamaları ve Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Científica : Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Didactica Norge     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Educationis Generalis     Open Access  
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Education     Open Access  
Action in Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Action Learning: Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 362)
Actualidades Pedagógicas     Open Access  
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adiyaman University Journal of Educational Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administração Educacional     Open Access  
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 235)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 241)
Advanced Education     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Building Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in School Mental Health Promotion     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Africa Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access  
Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Kırşehir Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Education and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ainedidaktiikka     Open Access  
Akadémiai Értesítö     Full-text available via subscription  
Akademos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AKSIOMATIK : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aksis : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Al-Athfaal : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Bahith Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Fikrah     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Idarah : Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Mudarris : Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Tadris : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Al-Tadzkiyyah : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alan Eğitimi Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Alberta Journal of Educational Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Aldaba     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria : Revista de Educação em Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Alotrop     Open Access  
Alsic : Apprentissage des Langues et Systèmes d'Information et de Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Alteridad     Open Access  
Amasya Universitesi Egitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Ambiente & Educação : Revista de Educação Ambiental     Open Access  
American Annals of the Deaf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 230)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Distance Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 270)
American Journal of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 70)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ana Dili Eğitimi Dergisi / Journal of Mother Tongue Education     Open Access  
Anadolu Journal Of Educational Sciences International     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Education Faculty     Open Access  
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anargya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio N – Educatio Nova     Open Access  
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Modern Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Antistasis : An Open Educational Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Anuario Pilquen : Sección Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Apertura. Revista de innovación educativa‏     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Apex : New Zealand Journal of Gifted Children     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Measurement in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aprender     Open Access  
AR-RIAYAH : Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access  
Arabia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabiyatuna : Jurnal Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Archivos de Ciencias de la Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Areté, Revista Digital del Doctorado en Educación de la Universidad Central de Venezuela     Open Access  
Arrancada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ars Educandi     Open Access  
Art Design & Communication in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Arte e Investigación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Arts Education Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Artseduca : Revista electrónica de educación en las ARTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ASEAN Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Asian Journal of Distance Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of English Language Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASp     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Assessing Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
At-Ta'dib Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
ATENA Didaktik     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Atenas : Revista Científico Pedagógica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Athenea Digital     Open Access  
ATIKAN : Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan (Journal of Educational Studies)     Open Access  
Atthulab : Islamic Religion Teaching and Learning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aula Abierta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aula de Encuentro     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Australasian Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Journal of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Educational Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Australian Journal of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Australian Journal of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Dyslexia and Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 476)
Australian Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Screen Education Online     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 338)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bahastra     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Career Education and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basastra : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BC TEAL Journal     Open Access  
Becoming : Journal of the Georgia Middle School Association     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BELAJEA : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
BELIA : Early Childhood Education Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BELT - Brazilian English Language Teaching Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biblioteka i Edukacja     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bildung und Erziehung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioma : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi     Open Access  
Biosaintifika : Journal of Biology & Biology Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biosfer : Jurnal Biologi dan Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Biosfer : Jurnal Tadris Biologi     Open Access  
BISE : Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Ekonomi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biuletyn Historii Wychowania     Open Access  
BMC Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Bordón : Revista de Pedagogía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British (Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 250)
British Journal of Educational Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of Dyslexia
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.85
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 11  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1934-7243 - ISSN (Online) 0736-9387
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Past perspectives and new opportunities for the explanatory item response
           model
    • Abstract: Abstract Models of word reading that simultaneously take into account item-level and person-level fixed and random effects are broadly known as explanatory item response models (EIRM). Although many variants of the EIRM are available, the field has generally focused on the doubly explanatory model for modeling individual differences on item responses. Moreover, the historical application of the EIRM has been a Rasch version of the model where the item discrimination values are fixed at 1.0 and the random or fixed item effects only pertain to the item difficulties. The statistical literature has advanced to allow for more robust testing of observed or latent outcomes, as well as more flexible parameterizations of the EIRM. The purpose of the present study was to compare four types of Rasch-based EIRMs (i.e., doubly descriptive, person explanatory, item explanatory, doubly explanatory) and more broadly compare Rasch and 2PL EIRM when including person-level and item-level predictors. Results showed that not only was the error variance smaller in the unconditional 2PL EIRM compared to the Rasch EIRM due to including the item discrimination random effect, but that patterns of unique item-level explanatory variables differ between the two approaches. Results are interpreted within the context of what each statistical model affords to the opportunity for describing and explaining differences in word-level performance.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
       
  • Activation time-course of phonological code in silent word recognition in
           adult readers with and without dyslexia
    • Abstract: Abstract In skilled adult readers, reading words is generally assumed to rapidly and automatically activate the phonological code. In adults with dyslexia, despite the main consensus on their phonological processing deficits, little is known about the activation time course of this code. The present study investigated this issue in both populations. Participants’ accuracy and eye movements were recorded while they performed a visual lexical decision task in which phonological consistency of written words was manipulated. Readers with dyslexia were affected by phonological consistency during second fixation duration of visual word recognition suggesting a late activation of the phonological code. Regarding skilled readers, no influence of phonological consistency was found when the participants were considered a homogeneous population. However, a different pattern emerged when they were divided into two subgroups according to their phonological and semantic abilities: Those who showed better decoding than semantic skills were affected by phonological consistency at the earliest stage of visual word recognition while those who showed better semantic than decoding skills were not affected by this factor at any processing stage. Overall, the findings suggest that the presence of phonological deficits in readers with dyslexia is associated with a delayed activation of phonological representations during reading. In skilled readers, the contribution of phonology varies with their reading profile, i.e., being phonologically or semantically oriented.
      PubDate: 2020-07-25
       
  • Using an item-specific predictor to test the dimensionality of the
           orthographic choice task
    • Abstract: Abstract The orthographic choice (OC) task—requiring individuals to choose the correct spelling between a word and a pseudohomophone foil (e.g., goat vs. gote)—has been used as an outcome measure of orthographic learning and as a predictor of individual differences in word reading development. Some consider the OC task a measure of orthographic knowledge (e.g., Conrad, Harris, & Williams (Reading and Writing, 26(8), 1223–1239, 2013)), whereas others have suggested that the task measures a reader’s familiarity with the word’s orthographic representation and thus measures word reading skill (e.g., Castles & Nation, 2006). We examined this assertion by testing OC task performance of individuals ages 8 to 18 (J = 296) and their ability to read the OC target words (I = 80) in isolation using crossed random effects item-response models. Results reveal that response on the OC task is not fully determined by the ability of an individual to read the target word in isolation. Specifically, the probability of choosing the correct orthographic form when the word was pronounced incorrectly was .79; whereas it was .90 when the word was pronounced correctly. Measures of receptive spelling and phonemic awareness (person-characteristics) and word frequency and orthographic neighborhood size (item-characteristics) accounted for significant variance in orthographic choice after controlling for target item reading and other reading-related abilities. We interpret the results to suggest that the OC task taps both item-specific orthographic knowledge and more general orthographic knowledge.
      PubDate: 2020-07-25
       
  • Capitalizing on the promise of item-level analyses to inform new
           understandings of word reading development
    • Abstract: Abstract This special issue was expressly designed to illustrate how item-level analytic models can be employed to answer new questions in the field of reading. To accomplish this, we present a compilation of six empirical studies that explore how item-level analyses can be used to advance the field’s understanding of word reading development. In this introduction to the special issue, I summarize the unique advantages of item-level analyses and discuss how the papers in this special issue are valuable examples of how item-focused analyses can be used in a variety of ways to address important questions across orthographies, word characteristics, and tasks.
      PubDate: 2020-07-14
       
  • Correction to: Predicting Arabic word reading: A cross-classified
           generalized random-effects analysis showing the critical role of
           morphology
    • Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained the following errors.
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
       
  • Sight word acquisition in first grade students at risk for reading
           disabilities: an item-level exploration of the number of exposures
           required for mastery
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine word learning efficiency in at-risk first grade students (N = 93) participating in a yearlong study evaluating a multicomponent intervention targeting word reading and decoding skills. As part of each intervention lesson, students participated in a 1 to 3-min sight word reading activity in which high-frequency words were read from a list until mastered, at which point the word dropped off the list. This study explored factors predicting the number of exposures required for item reading mastery (N = 145 words). Specifically, we explored how the number of word exposures required to reach mastery varied as a function of linguistic features of the words and cognitive characteristics of the students. Using item-level crossed-random effects models, we found students required an average of 5.65 exposures for mastery, with word features representing word length, vocabulary grade, and imageability being significant predictors of learning efficiency. We also found a significant interaction between pretest word reading skill and imageability of a word, with this semantic feature being especially important for the poorest readers. Results indicate that in the absence of typical word recognition skills, poor readers tend to rely on other sources of information to learn words, which tend to be related to the semantic features of words.
      PubDate: 2020-06-17
       
  • Better read it to me: Benefits of audio versions of variable message signs
           in drivers with dyslexia
    • Abstract: Abstract Adults with dyslexia may find difficulties in reading the messages on variable message signs (VMS) while driving. These signs are an essential part of the traffic communication systems, aimed at informing road users of special circumstances, such as congestion, traffic diversion, or unexpected events. A driving simulation experiment was conducted to test if complementary audio versions of the VMS would be helpful for drivers with dyslexia. Twenty adults with dyslexia and 20 matched controls participated. They were asked to classify the messages displayed on VMS posted along a simulated route, which was completed twice: one with text VMS (visual condition), and another one with text VMS plus complementary audio messages (audio + visual condition). The results showed that in the ordinary, visual condition, the participants with dyslexia needed to be closer to the VMS than controls to correctly classify the message, but, crucially, these group differences vanished when the driver received an audio version of the message (audio + visual condition). Moreover, the availability of audio versions had positive effects for all participants, as shown by higher accuracy in the message classification task, as well as better driving performance. Therefore, technologies aimed at providing audio versions of VMS can help drivers with dyslexia. A mobile application, READit VMS, which is able to provide real-time complementary audio versions of VMS, is presented as an example.
      PubDate: 2020-05-30
       
  • Predicting Arabic word reading: A cross-classified generalized
           random-effects analysis showing the critical role of morphology
    • Abstract: The distinctive features of the Arabic language and orthography offer opportunities to investigate multiple word characteristics at the item level. The aim of this paper was to model differences in word reading at the item level among 3rd grade native Arabic-speaking children (n = 303) using cross-classified generalized random-effects (CCGRE) analysis. The participants read 80 vowelized words that varied in multiple elements that may contribute to their decodability: number of letters, number of syllables, number of morphemes, ligaturing (connectivity), semantics (concrete vs. abstract), orthographic frequency, root type frequency, and part of speech. Morphological awareness (MA) was included as a person-level predictor. Results of individual models showed that MA, number of letters, number of syllables, number of morphemes, number of ligatures, orthographic frequency, and part of speech were significantly related to the probability of a correct response. However, when all predictors were entered simultaneously, only MA and number of morphemes remained significant. These results underscore the important role of morphology in the lexical structure of Arabic words and in Arabic word reading. Discussion focuses on the role of morphology in Arabic reading and the implications for intervention to improve word recognition in children learning to read Arabic.
      PubDate: 2020-05-01
       
  • Latent profile analysis of students’ reading development and the
           relation of cognitive variables to reading profiles
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous studies have showed that early problems with word decoding can lead to poor performance in text reading and comprehension and suggest that poor readers often struggle with reading deficits throughout their school years. Therefore, early detection of those children who are at risk for slow reading development and/or who belong to the lowest reading profiles is essential in order to organize proper support. The present study explores the heterogeneity and prevalence of latent reading profiles among 769 Finnish- and German-reading students during their first and second school years in three countries (Finland, Germany, and Italy) using latent profile analysis. The results identified three latent profiles among Finnish readers, one of which (sentence-level reading) was identified as developing slowly. Among German-reading students, four latent profiles were discovered, two of which were identified as developing slowly. The results of ordinal logistic regression modeling show that rapid automatic naming (RAN) was significantly related to poorer reading profiles among Finnish- and German-reading students, and that the poorer results in letter-sound connection testing among the German-reading group was also significantly related to poorer reading profiles. Although the educational systems have some differences between Germany and German-speaking areas of Italy, no significant country effect was detected. In addition, a child’s age and spoken language did not significantly affect the student’s reading profile.
      PubDate: 2020-04-14
       
  • Do kindergarten teachers possess adequate knowledge of basic language
           constructs to teach children to read English as a foreign language'
    • Abstract: Abstract The contribution of teacher knowledge to learning outcomes at the beginning stages of literacy acquisition is of growing concern because the ability to provide quality instruction is central to successful literacy acquisition, particularly for pupils with dyslexia. To date, the majority of research has focused on teachers of English as a first language. Yet, English is the most widely taught foreign language today. The present study extends the exploration of teacher knowledge by probing two heretofore unexamined groups of teachers who are responsible for teaching beginning stages of literacy in English as a foreign language: regular class teachers who are non-native English-speaking (N = 96) and native English-speaking teachers (N = 24) working in the kindergarten setting in Hong Kong. As these two teacher groups serve as gatekeepers of beginning English as a foreign language literacy for kindergarten children in Hong Kong, it is crucial to gather information about the depth and quality of their teacher knowledge. This information can be instrumental to improving the quality of beginning literacy instruction in English and assisting early identification of dyslexia. Both groups completed the basic language constructs survey (Binks-Cantrell, Joshi, & Washburn, Annals of Dyslexia, 62, 153–171, 2012a). Results showed while native English teachers performed significantly better than non-native English teachers, total percentage correct scores were below 50%, except for phonological awareness tasks. All teachers scored higher in items requiring syllable as opposed to phoneme manipulation. Only teacher type predicted teachers’ performance on the survey. The need for quality instruction, particularly for children at-risk for dyslexia or those struggling at the beginning stages of literacy acquisition, is addressed.
      PubDate: 2020-04-06
       
  • Adults with dyslexia: how can they achieve academic success despite
           impairments in basic reading and writing abilities' The role of text
           structure sensitivity as a compensatory skill
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate (1) whether a sample of highly educated individuals with dyslexia living under optimal personal, educational, cultural, and socioeconomic conditions continues to display core deficits in reading and writing skills during adulthood (extending prior results in Dutch, English, Hebrew, and Spanish to the Portuguese writing system); (2) whether these individuals can compensate for the effects of persistent core deficits when reading complex academic texts; (3) which cognitive resources, such as reading strategies, are used as compensatory mechanisms; and (4) whether quality of life is affected in these individuals. These questions were examined in a sample of 28 adults with dyslexia (DG) and 28 control participants (CG) paired by sex, age, education, and occupation, with a mean of 15 years of formal education. Participants completed measures of phonological awareness; decoding of syllables, words, and pseudowords; writing; reading comprehension (inferential and literal questions, recall, and sensitivity to the rhetorical structure of the target text); and quality of life. Results showed that (1) core deficits associated with dyslexia persisted into adulthood: participants with dyslexia performed worse than control subjects at all levels of phonological awareness, reading (except word reading accuracy), and spelling; (2) the groups did not differ on any measures of reading comprehension, suggesting a compensation of core deficits; (3) three compensatory mechanisms were identified: slower reading, use of text structure, and verbal ability; (4) participants with dyslexia required more family support and professional help throughout their educational careers, and had more depressive symptoms than control subjects.
      PubDate: 2020-03-27
       
  • Inter-letter spacing, inter-word spacing, and font with dyslexia-friendly
           features: testing text readability in people with and without dyslexia
    • Abstract: Abstract Over the last years, several studies have suggested a possible link between dyslexia and deficits in low-level visual processing (e.g., excessive crowding). At the same time, specially designed “dyslexia-friendly” fonts appeared on the market. This class of fonts presents two main features: the particular graphic characteristics of the letterform designed to avoid confusion between similarly shaped letters, and wider inter-letter and inter-word spacing to limit crowding. The literature testing the efficacy of “dyslexia-friendly” fonts in improving reading accuracy and increasing reading speed is controversial. We evaluated the impact of letterform (with vs. without dyslexia-friendly graphic features), inter-letter spacing (standard vs. increased), and inter-word spacing (standard vs. increased) on reading accuracy and speed. Two groups of 64 children each, with and without dyslexia, read aloud 8 equivalent texts. The data collected failed to show any effect from the letterform. As regards spacing, the data showed that reading speed is impaired by an increase in inter-letter spacing not combined with an adequate increase in inter-word spacing.
      PubDate: 2020-03-14
       
  • Using conceptual change theory to help preservice teachers understand
           dyslexia
    • Abstract: Abstract Recently, many states passed laws requiring pre- and in-service teachers to receive professional development in dyslexia awareness. Even though misconceptions regarding dyslexia are widespread, there is a paucity of research on how to effectively remove misconceptions and replace them with accurate knowledge. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a researcher-created refutation text grounded in conceptual change theory could produce significant conceptual change in preservice teacher knowledge of dyslexia when compared with a control text about dyslexia (Dyslexia Basics, International Dyslexia Association; IDA, 2018). A sample of preservice teachers (n = 97) was randomly assigned to either the Dyslexia Basics text (n = 48) or the refutation text (n = 49). A one-way repeated ANOVA was used to identify if growth rates from pretest to posttest were differential across conditions. Results suggest that while both texts affect conceptions, the refutation text outperformed the Dyslexia Basics text (n = 97), η2 = 0.33. Effects were maintained at a delayed posttest (n = 75), η2 = 0.175. Interaction effects suggested that the amount of reading coursework did not moderate conceptual change. Implications for facilitating conceptual change of dyslexia will be discussed.
      PubDate: 2020-02-26
       
  • Character and child factors contribute to character recognition
           development among good and poor Chinese readers from grade 1 to 6
    • Abstract: Abstract In light of the dramatic growth of Chinese learners worldwide and a need for a cross-linguistic research on Chinese literacy development, this study investigated (a) the effects of character properties (i.e., orthographic consistency and transparency) on character acquisition, and (b) the effects of individual learner differences (i.e., orthographic awareness and phonological awareness) on character recognition. Chinese native-speaking children (over N = 100 for each of grade 1 to 6) completed a lexical decision task. Crossed random effects models suggested (a) character-level orthographic and phonological effects contributed to character recognition development in an asymptotic way from grade 1 to 6, with a moderate effect at earlier ages of acquisition and a stronger facilitation after grade 3; (b) child-level effects of orthographic awareness and character-reading level contributed to all types of characters; (c) the interaction between orthographic consistency and orthographic awareness grew more pronounced among typically developing children progressively from grade 1 to grade 6; and (d) this interaction of character- and child-level factors was not significantly associated with literacy development among children with poor reading skills. We discuss theoretical and practical implications for character development among typically and nontypically developing children.
      PubDate: 2020-02-25
       
  • Investigating the double-deficit hypothesis of developmental dyslexia in
           an orthography of intermediate depth
    • Abstract: Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the double-deficit hypothesis (DDH) in an orthography of intermediate depth. Eighty-five European Portuguese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia, aged 7 to 12, were tested on measures of phonological awareness (PA), naming speed (NS), reading, and spelling. The results indicated that PA and NS were not significantly correlated, and that NS predicts reading fluency (but not reading accuracy and spelling) beyond what is accounted for by PA. Although the majority of the children with developmental dyslexia have double deficit (62.4%), some children have a single phonological deficit (24.7%) or a single NS deficit (8.2%). Children with a double deficit were not more impaired in reading fluency, reading accuracy, and spelling than both single-deficit subtypes. In conclusion, the findings of the present study are partially consistent with the DDH and provide evidence for the multifactorial model of developmental dyslexia. Implications of the DDH for an orthography of intermediate depth are emphasized.
      PubDate: 2020-02-24
       
  • Variations in the use of simple and context-sensitive grapheme-phoneme
           correspondences in English and German developing readers
    • Abstract: Abstract Learning to read in most alphabetic orthographies requires not only the acquisition of simple grapheme-phoneme correspondences (GPCs) but also the acquisition of context-sensitive GPCs, where surrounding letters change a grapheme’s pronunciation. We aimed to explore the use and development of simple GPCs (e.g. a ➔ /æ/) and context-sensitive GPCs (e.g. [w]a ➔ /ɔ/, as in “swan” or a[l][d] ➔ /o:/, as in “bald”) in pseudoword reading. Across three experiments, English- and German-speaking children in grades 2–4 read aloud pseudowords, where vowel graphemes had different pronunciations according to different contexts (e.g. “hact”, “wact”, “hald”). First, we found that children use context-sensitive GPCs from grade 2 onwards, even when they are not explicitly taught. Second, we used a mathematical optimisation procedure to assess whether children’s vowel responses can be described by assuming that they rely on a mix of simple and context-sensitive GPCs. While the approach works well for German adults (Schmalz et al. in Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26, 831–852, 2014), we found poor model fits for both German- and English-speaking children. Additional analyses using an entropy measure and data from a third experiment showed that children’s pseudoword reading responses are variable and likely affected by random noise. We found a decrease in entropy across grade and reading ability across all conditions in both languages. This suggests that GPC knowledge becomes increasingly refined across grades 2–4.
      PubDate: 2020-01-18
       
  • English phonological specificity predicts early French reading difficulty
           in emerging bilingual children
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictive value of a dynamic test of English and French lexical specificity on at-risk reading classification in 13 at-risk and 44 not at-risk emerging English (L1)–French (L2) bilingual Grade 1 children (M = 75.87 months, SD = 3.18) enrolled in an early French immersion program in Canada. Lexical specificity was assessed with a computerized word learning game in which children were taught new English (e.g., “foal” and “sole”) and French (e.g., bac “bin” and bague “ring”) word pairs contrasted by minimal phonological differences. The results indicated that the dynamic test of lexical specificity in English contributed significantly to the prediction of children’s French at-risk reading status at the end of Grade 1 after controlling for French phonological awareness and nonverbal reasoning skills. However, French lexical specificity did not predict children’s reading risk classification in French after controlling for French phonological awareness. Thus, it may be feasible to identify at-risk status in emerging bilinguals using dynamic measures in their stronger language.
      PubDate: 2019-11-26
       
  • A meta-analysis of reading-level match dyslexia studies in consistent
           alphabetic orthographies
    • Abstract: Abstract We provide a meta-analytic review of all group-comparison studies that used reading-level match design, were conducted in highly consistent European orthographies, included children with dyslexia younger than 13 years of age as participants, and included measures of one or more of the potential causes of dyslexia. We identified 21 studies meeting these criteria that examined one or more of phonological awareness, rapid naming, verbal short-term memory, or auditory temporal processing. A random effects model analysis showed first that the groups were matched imperfectly and they differed significantly in word reading measures not used for matching. Second, there were no significant differences between the individuals with dyslexia and their reading-level-matched controls in rapid naming, phonological memory, and auditory temporal processing. Finally, the analyses for phonological awareness showed a significant effect for comparisons that involved manipulating phonemes but not for tasks that involved manipulating syllables. The results are compatible with phonological deficit theories of dyslexia, but this conclusion is qualified by observed differences in reading skills and sample selection concerns.
      PubDate: 2019-10-30
       
  • Morphological processing influences on dyslexia in Greek-speaking children
    • Abstract: Abstract The study explored the inflectional morphological awareness of Greek-speaking children with dyslexia in grade 3. The sample consisted of 24 dyslexic children and 32 chronological age-matched typically developing readers. All participants completed two oral experimental tasks of inflectional morphological awareness (i.e., verb inflections and noun-adjective inflections). The noun-adjective inflection task assessed children’s ability to produce the plural of articles, adjectives, and nouns in the context of a sentence. The verb inflection task required children to change the tense of the verb in a sentence. Furthermore, phonological awareness and oral receptive vocabulary were assessed. Greek-speaking children with dyslexia faced difficulties in both inflectional tasks and in receptive vocabulary. They appeared to have greater difficulty in elicitation of non-past tense from past tense. Binary logistic regression targeted at understanding whether dyslexia can be predicted based on phonological and non-phonological oral language skills revealed that phonological awareness had a significant effect on distinguishing dyslexics from typically developing readers. Overall, our findings lead us to suggest that in an alphabetic language with a shallow orthographic system and rich morphology, children with dyslexia appear to have impaired inflectional morphological awareness and impaired vocabulary in comparison to their peers. Moreover, these results suggest the significance of teaching morphological skills in improving reading skills. However, further research is needed to substantiate these findings.
      PubDate: 2019-09-16
       
  • Exploring the use of network meta-analysis in education: examining the
           correlation between ORF and text complexity measures
    • Abstract: Abstract Calls for empirical investigations of the Common Core standards (CCSSs) for English Language Arts have been widespread, particularly in the area of text complexity in the primary grades (e.g., Hiebert & Mesmer Educational Research, 42(1), 44–51, 2013). The CCSSs mention that qualitative methods (such as Fountas and Pinnell) and quantitative methods (such as Lexiles) can be used to gauge text complexity (CCSS Initiative, 2010). However, researchers have questioned the validity of these tools for several decades (e.g., Hiebert & Pearson, 2010). In an effort to establish criterion validity of these tools, individual studies have compared how well they correlate with actual student reading performance measures, most commonly reading comprehension and/or oral-reading fluency (ORF). ORF is a key aspect of reading success and as such is often used for progress monitoring purposes. However, to date, studies have not been able to evaluate different text complexity tools and relation to reading outcomes across studies. This is challenging because the pair-wise meta-analytic model is not able to synthesize several independent variables that differ both within and across studies. Therefore, it is unable to answer pressing research questions in education, such as, which text complexity tool is most correlated with student ORF (and, thus, a good measure of text difficulty)' This question is timely given that the Common Core State Standards explicitly mention various text complexity tools; yet, the validity of such tools has been repeatedly questioned by researchers. This article provides preliminary evidence to answer that question using an approach borrowed from the field of medicine—Network Meta-Analysis (NMA; Lumley Statistics in Medicine, 21, 2313–2324, 2002). A systematic search yielded 5 studies using 19 different text complexity tools with ORF as the reading outcome measured. Both a frequentist and Bayesian NMA were conducted to pool the correlations of a given text complexity tool with students’ ORF. While the results differed slightly across the two approaches, there is preliminary evidence in support of the hypothesis that text complexity tools which incorporate more fine-grained sub-lexical variables were more strongly correlated with student outcomes. While the results of this example cannot be generalized due to the low sample size, this article shows how NMA is a promising new analytic tool for synthesizing educational research.
      PubDate: 2019-07-27
       
 
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