Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 2411 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (24 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (10 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (38 journals)
    - EDUCATION (2043 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (158 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (42 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (14 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (40 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (38 journals)

EDUCATION (2043 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
#Tear : Revista de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
(Pensamiento), (palabra) y obra     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
21. Yüzyılda Eğitim Ve Toplum Eğitim Bilimleri Ve Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access  
21st Century Pedagogy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
ABDIMAS ALTRUIS : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Abdimas Toddopuli : Jurnal Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat     Open Access  
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Academic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Academy of Educational Leadership Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Academy of Management Learning and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Científica : Ciências Humanas     Open Access  
Acta Didactica Norge     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Educationis Generalis     Open Access  
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Education     Open Access  
Action in Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Action Learning: Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Actualidades Pedagógicas     Open Access  
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Adiyaman University Journal of Educational Sciences     Open Access  
Administração Educacional     Open Access  
Advanced Education     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Arts, Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Building Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in School Mental Health Promotion     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Africa Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AIDS Education and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ainedidaktiikka     Open Access  
Akademos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AKSIOMATIK : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika     Open Access  
Aksis : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Al-Athfaal : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini     Open Access  
Al-Bahith Journal     Open Access  
Al-Idarah : Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Al-Mudarris : Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Tadris : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Al-Tadzkiyyah : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access  
Alberta Journal of Educational Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Aldaba     Open Access  
Alexandria : Revista de Educação em Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Alotrop     Open Access  
Alsic : Apprentissage des Langues et Systèmes d'Information et de Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Alteridad     Open Access  
Ambiente & Educação : Revista de Educação Ambiental     Open Access  
American Annals of the Deaf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Distance Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 162)
American Journal of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Ana Dili Eğitimi Dergisi / Journal of Mother Tongue Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anargya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio N – Educatio Nova     Open Access  
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Modern Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Antistasis : An Open Educational Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario Pilquen : Sección Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Apertura. Revista de innovación educativa‏     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ápice : Revista de Educación Científica     Open Access  
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Measurement in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aprender     Open Access  
AR-RIAYAH : Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access  
Arabia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabiyatuna : Jurnal Bahasa Arab     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Ciencias de la Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Areté, Revista Digital del Doctorado en Educación de la Universidad Central de Venezuela     Open Access  
Arrancada     Open Access  
Ars Educandi     Open Access  
Art Design & Communication in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Art Education     Hybrid Journal  
Arts Education Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artseduca : Revista electrónica de educación en las ARTES     Open Access  
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Asia-Pacific Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Association of Open Universities Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Distance Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of English Language Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ASp     Open Access  
Assessing Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
At-Ta'dib Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
ATENA Didaktik     Open Access  
Athenea Digital     Open Access  
ATIKAN : Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan (Journal of Educational Studies)     Open Access  
Aula Abierta     Open Access  
Aula de Encuentro     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Australasian Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Journal of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Australian Journal of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Australian Journal of Dyslexia and Other Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 230)
Australian Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Screen Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bahastra     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Career Education and Management     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Basastra : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
BC TEAL Journal     Open Access  
Becoming : Journal of the Georgia Middle School Association     Open Access  
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BELAJEA : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
BELIA : Early Childhood Education Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Berkeley Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biblioteka i Edukacja     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioeduscience     Open Access  
Bioma : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal  
Biosfer : Jurnal Biologi dan Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Biosfer : Jurnal Tadris Biologi     Open Access  
BISE : Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Biuletyn Historii Wychowania     Open Access  
BMC Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 45)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Bordón : Revista de Pedagogía     Open Access  
British (Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris)     Open Access  
British Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157)
British Journal of Educational Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 127)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
British Journal of Music Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Religious Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
British Journal of Special Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Brock Education : A Journal of Educational Research and Practice     Open Access  
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Buckingham Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin De L' Association Thaïlandaise Des Professeurs de Français     Open Access  
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física     Open Access  
Caderno de Educação     Open Access  
Caderno Intersaberes     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação     Open Access  
Cadernos de Estudos e Pesquisa na Educação Básica     Open Access  
Cadernos de Pesquisa     Open Access  
Cadernos de Pesquisa em Educação     Open Access  
Cadmo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers de la recherche sur l'éducation et les savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakrawala Pendidikan     Open Access  
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Campbell Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Campus Legal Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Campus Security Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian and International Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal for New Scholars in Education/ Revue canadienne des jeunes chercheures et chercheurs en éducation     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Education : Revue canadienne de l'éducation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

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Acta Educationis Generalis
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2585-7444 - ISSN (Online) 1339-4363
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [408 journals]
  • A Scoping Review on Intergenerational Learning in Urban China

    • Abstract: Introduction: The ageing world gives rise to changing family structures, as well as the way different generations interact with each other. While research on intergenerational relationships and intergenerational learning have started as early as in the 1960s and 1970s in North America and Europe, little is known about scholarly discussions in this field in China.Purpose: This paper presents an overview of the published journal articles in Chinese on the topic of intergenerational learning in urban China, with the goal of identifying the common themes under discussion, the theoretical frameworks adopted in these studies, and empirical research in this field.Methods: A scoping review was conducted to look for relevant journal papers published in Chinese between the years 2006-2020. We identified 117 journal papers that fit our criteria and a majority of them were found by using the key words gedai jiaoyu (education in skip-generation situations).Conclusion: The overall quality of the published research is poor in that most authors only provided personal observations and opinions. Almost all studies set their focus on grandparenting and emphasis is often placed on how grandparenting affects young children’s growth, with little attention given to its influences on grandparents. Research on intergenerational interactions beyond family settings is almost non-existent. A number of recommendations for future studies are offered at the end of the article.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Making the Pedagogical Elements Used by Prospective Mathematics Teachers
           Visible in Teaching: Scenario Writing Activities

    • Abstract: Introduction: In the reflective writing process, teachers make identification, information, explanation and evaluation activities (Spanneberg, 2009). It is thought that the scenarios written by the teacher candidates in order to teach a certain subject can give them an opportunity to think deeply. However, these teaching scenarios can be a valuable tool for reflective thinking in terms of educational matters such as teaching methods, pedagogy, and beliefs.Methods: In this study, it was investigated whether script writing is an effective tool to make pedagogical elements visible in the prospects of mathematics teachers. Case study pattern, which is one of the qualitative research patterns, was used in the research. For this purpose, thirty prospective mathematics teachers who participated in the study were asked to write two scenarios. The first one is called as “car travel” and the other one is called as “triangles and similarity” scenario. Before the study, some basic frameworks were defined for both scenarios. These are explained to prospective teachers. The “car travel” scenario in this research was given within the scope of the theme which includes only two people and a limited environmental interaction. The second scenario is the triangles and the similarity scenario. In the second scenario, the role of a teacher who conducts applied and real-life education outside of school is defined.Results: In general, it is concluded that script writing activities are very useful in training teachers. The data obtained from both scenarios reveal that the pedagogical elements constructed during the scenario writing activities become concrete in the minds of the prospective teachers.Discussion: It is observed that prospective teachers often include the structure of teaching related to real life in their scenarios. It is stated that teaching in the context of real life increases academic success and students’ interest in the lesson, and thus, the content is learned perceptibly by the students (Acar & Yaman, 2011). Another cognitive element that prospective teachers include in their scenarios is the use of available materials. It is noteworthy that the prospective teachers used real-life tools and materials as materials in the place chosen for the scenarios of their scripts.Limitations: This research is limited to script texts written by thirty prospective teachers.Conclusions: Thanks to this visibility, feedback can be given on the pedagogical elements that the prospective teacher will use in the future.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The View of Student Teachers on the Teacher’s Profession

    • Abstract: Introduction: In recent years, teaching is no longer perceived only as a job, but as a profession. The study focuses on student’s view on the teacher’s profession, which is important in the context of becoming a teacher. During their university studies, student teachers are at the beginning of their professional careers. Their attitudes, values and principles are still evolving.Methods: Building on previous studies, qualitative methodology was applied. The main goals of the research were to describe the changing views of student teachers on the teacher’s profession, and to compare their views in the first and third years of study. Therefore, thematic writing was chosen.Results: The results show that the student teacher’s views change significantly during their university studies. While in the first year, student teachers focus more on the importance of childhood, their own practical experience and the teacher’s influence on a child’s life; in the last year of bachelor´s study, the emphasis is on the teacher’s personality, teaching professionalism and on the teacher as a learner can be observed. This paper can provide evidence that university education for kindergarten teachers is important and it most likely influences their future work.Discussion: The research findings show that it is appropriate to pay attention to how views about the teacher’s profession change. This could broaden the view of the development of the teacher profession concept and could also be a useful tool for modifying the content of future teachers’ education.Limitations: A certain limit of research can be sen in using one method. It would certainly be appropriate to supplement the research with interviews with participants. In my future research I will focus on this issue.Conclusion: 1. The student teachers’ views change significantly during their university studies, 2. The focus moves from their practical experience to the didactic theory. 3. There is a shift from focusing on personality of teachers to their abilities.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Different Types of Subitizing Activity: A Teaching Experiment with
           Preconservers

    • Abstract: Introduction: Subitizing, a quick apprehension of the numerosity of a small set of items, is consistently utilized to support early number understanding. Perceptual subitizing is the innate ability to recognize less than five items without consciously using other mental or mathematical processes. Conceptual subitizing, which requires higher-level abilities, means perceiving the quantities as groups and performing a mental process on them. Research on conceptual and perceptual subitizing indicates some limitations about the activities regarding the children’s early number development. So, MacDonald and Wilkins (2016) developed a framework that explained the types of activities that young children used while subitizing. In this framework, five sets of perceptual subitizing activity were described to explain how young children’s perceptual subitizing activity changed. Besides, two types of conceptual subitizing activities were defined to explain how children’s limited or flexible number understanding related to their subitizing activity. These seven different types of activities characterize the changes in children’s subitizing actions. The study aims to investigate the relationship between children’s number understanding and subitizing activity.Methods: A teaching experiment was conducted with two preschool-aged children to analyze what perceptual and conceptual processes children relied upon when subitizing. The teaching experiment consisted of twenty-six sessions. The interviews were conducted to determine whether children are able to conserve numbers or not, and whether they rely on a variety of different types of subitizing activity or not. After the interviews, 26 teaching sessions were carried out with two preconserver children.Results: In the experimental process, it was observed that the children rely on the color of items, the gap between items, and symmetrical aspects of items when perceptually subitizing. However, they could not manage to transition their subitizing activity from perceptual to conceptual subitizing. The study indicates that children’s subitizing skills were closely related to their number conservation development.Discussion: Based on the findings from this study, for Eren and Beren, subitizing activities were found to be perceptually limited. Specifically, it was found that four types of perceptual subitizing emerged to explain how symmetry, the gap between items, color of items, and canonical patterns promoted strategies that children relied on when constructing number understanding. During the teaching experiment, although these children carried out the activities that required the separating and combining numbers and seeing the relationship between the subgroups and the composite groups, they used perceptual units in this process. The relationship between the number conservation activity and the conceptual subitizing activity requires the coordination of thinking structures related to both ordering and classification. However, it was found that the children could not move from perceptual to the conceptual subitizing.Limitations: As all studies have some limitations, this study has, too. One of the limitations of the study is the sample size/number of participants. But teaching experiments aim to get a deep understanding, studying with a small sample is an obligation. Secondly, this study focused on some compounds of subitizing such as perceptual and conceptual ones.Conclusion: In order to make the transition from perceptual subitizing to conceptual subitizing children should have more experiences with subitizing activities.When designing mathematical games and assessments for young children, being aware of different types of subitizing categories may provide better support children’s number understanding and subitizing.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Attitudes of Parents towards the Introduction of Compulsory Pre-School
           Education in Slovakia

    • Abstract: Introduction: This empirical study discusses the issue of compulsory pre-school education in the Slovak Republic from the viewpoint of the parents of children attending nursery school. The goal of the research is to establish the attitudes of presents to compulsory education a year before the child begins school. The research therefore works with two key concepts, this being the obligation of educating children before they begin primary school and “attitude” as a relatively stable assessment of the object to which it applies.Methods: A rating scale questionnaire of our own design was used to collect data. It was administered through a web interface. A five-level scale was used to apply a Likert scale and statements were classified into five dimensions. The research tool had 36 items following validation. The available sample was used to create the research sample. Data was collected in the Czech Republic and in Slovakia; the sample of parents from Slovakia consisted of 162 respondents. Each of the respondents had to have at least one child of pre-school age. When processing the research data the basic statistical characteristics were used, along with a non-parametric Friedman test. Calculations were executed in STATISTICA and SPSS software.Results: The surveyed parents attributed the appropriate importance to compulsory education a year before children begin primary school, they did not believe that implementation of this obligation would have any significant impact on the family’s life and appreciated its importance for their child’s subsequent education. They rated potential interference in the organisation and assurance of pre-school education, related to the newly originating obligation, as suitable and appropriate. They disagreed slightly with the academic focus of pre-school education.Discussion: The consensual opinion of the surveyed parents in regard to implementation of the obligation to educate children a year before they start primary school seems a good basis for realisation of this legislative amendment. In their attitudes, the parents incline towards the fact that compulsory education before starting primary school could help their children start their subsequent educational career, or could enable a smoother transition between the two levels of education. The structure of the research sample focused more on middle-class parents. Parents, due to whom this obligation was chiefly implemented, were not surveyed. It can be assumed that the situation will be similar in relation to attendance of nursery school.Limitations: The main limiting element in the presented research is the available sample of respondents for the research sample. Likewise, validation of the questionnaire, which passed through all the necessary phases, but ran up against the obstacle of the available time and personal availability of researchers and respondents during one phase.Conclusion: The results can be considered positive and no strongly disagreeing standpoints by middle class parents towards compulsory education at nursery school were registered. It would be very useful for further research to survey parents who are not mainstream and children who appear disadvantaged when starting nursery school, chiefly due to the attitude of these parents.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Role of a Writing Center in Academic Writing Socialization of Second
           Language Graduate Students

    • Abstract: Introduction: The present study aims to investigate second language graduate students’ academic writing socialization in relation to their experiences at writing center in North American higher educational context. The study documents how graduate students are socialized to use academic language in order to participate effectively within their academic communities by employing Weidman, Twale, and Stein’s (2001) framework for Graduate and Professional Student Socialization.Methods: The data is collected through semi-structured interviews with five graduate students who had experience visiting writing center to receive support for their academic writing. The data was analyzed based on the tenets of thematic analysis, which followed an iterative process.Results: It was revealed that second language graduate students’ reasons for visiting the Campus Writing Center included their educational background, field of study, and their first language(s). It was also shown that all participants expected revision on their grammatical errors as well as feedback on global areas such as idea development and organization during their visits. Furthermore, the analysis indicated that the participants gained both positive and negative experiences from the tutoring sessions, while it was found that writing center was not the only resource our participants relied on for the development of their academic writing.Discussion: There are various factors influencing and contributing to second language graduate students’ development of writing socialization within academic community. It is a challenging task for students from other educational and cultural backgrounds to adapt and socialize into new environments, especially in the academic community of higher education. Therefore, the support from writing service and writing development programs/workshops that are tailored to the specific needs of second language graduate students would be one helpful resource to help them go smoothly through the process of second language academic writing socialization. Given that second language graduate students generally benefited from a strong supervision and supportive feedback, and appreciated them as reported in the literature, it is also important to survey international students’ academic enculturation experiences periodically in terms of areas such as writing, speaking and participation in scholarly activities, faculty mentorship and offer feedback-support to overcome issues reported by students.Limitations: The number of participants and the lack of students’ academic text investigation were noted as limitations of the study. It is suggested that further research incorporates various sources of data collection such as tutor’s perspectives and the analysis of participants’ texts.Conclusions: It was concluded that writing center played an important role in academic writing socialization experiences of the participants, and there were various factors influencing and contributing to their academic writing socialization. Overall, it was concluded that the developmental processes into academic writing in second language were non-linear, dynamic, and multimodal.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Illusions on Digital Citizenship: What We Know and What We Do'

    • Abstract: Introduction: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between the digital citizenship levels of information and communication technology teacher candidates and their user behaviours and habits in the digital world. The experimental work presented here provides one of the first investigations into a deeper understanding of misconceptions, problems, and deficiencies in digital citizenship and its sub-dimensions. Also, the study offers some important insights to bring solutions to the problems encountered in teaching the concept to individuals.Methods: To reach the goal, a mixed-method approach was utilized. Participants of the study were 74 information and communication technology teacher candidates enrolling at a public university in Turkey. Data for this research were collected using Digital Citizenship Scale (Kocadağ, 2012) and the e-Citizen mobile application. A combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches was used in the data analysis.Results: According to the research findings, it was established that the participants did not have sufficient awareness of the concept of digital citizenship in the sub-dimensions of digital security, digital health, digital rights and responsibilities, digital law, digital etiquette, and digital commerce. The digital citizenship levels of the participants in these dimensions obtained from the scale were not consistent with their digital technology user behaviours and habits. Considering digital access, digital communication, and digital literacy sub-dimensions, it was concluded that pre-service teachers had sufficient knowledge. Another research finding shows that the responses of the participants to the scales should be questioned and emphasizes the importance of using different data collection methods.Discussion: It was specified that the average digital citizenship score of 74 information and communication technology teacher candidates participated in the study was found to be 262 and it was described as “Very Good.” These results corroborate with the findings of a great deal of the previous works that show that digital citizenship levels of individuals have increased in recent years. However, data obtained from user habits and behaviours did not support this situation. This inconsistency may be due to the participants not acting objectively during scale scoring. The reason for this is not clear, but we thought possible causes maybe that teacher candidates may not express their real thoughts, may not want to get low scores on Digital Citizenship Scale (DCs) or they may see themselves as adequate despite their deficiencies. This situation is one of the biggest limitations of self-report measures and it is named “Social Desirability Bias” in the literature. There are, however, other possible explanations. In the study, participants have filled the DCs first and then used the e-Citizen application. Information and communication technology teacher candidates have taken lower scores from User Habits and Behaviours Surveys (UHBs) in each of the sub-dimensions compared to DCs. According to these data, we can infer that the participants may be able to increase their knowledge about digital citizenship and see their deficiencies thanks to the e-Citizen mobile application.Limitations: It should not be forgotten that this study was limited by the validity and reliability of the digital citizenship scale, the efficiency of the mobile application, and the level of knowledge of the participant group and their objectivity in their answers.Conclusion: Overall, this study strengthens the idea that there are problems in the concept of digital citizenship and its sub-dimension. As a result of the research, although the digital citizenship levels of the participants were measured to be very good, it was determined that there are inconsistencies with their behaviours and habits during the use of digital technologies in six of the nine sub-dimensions (security, health, rights and responsibilities, law, etiquette, and commerce). In three sub-dimensions: digital communication, access, and literacy, the data were relatively consistent. At the end of the study, the possible causes of the digital citizenship misconception experienced by teacher candidates were discussed separately and suggestions were made for future studies.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Employment Status and Educational Achievements in Universities: Evidence
           from Southeast Nigeria

    • Abstract: Introduction: Educational achievement has remained the common yardstick for assessing human capital development across the world. However, it has been observed that Nigeria is one of the developing countries facing the challenge of low level of academic achievement by employees in the university system, which in turn has grave implications for the overall performance of the Nigerian university system in terms of efficient work delivery.Methods: This study adopts a robust and stratified sampling technique to select 4,122 employees in selected federal universities in the southeast of Nigeria and uses structural questionnaire and binary logistic regression to analyse the effect of employment status on academic achievement in South East Nigeria.Results: The findings show that employment status negatively and significantly influences the academic achievement of employees in Nigerian universities.Discussion: The major focus of this study is to examine the impact of employment status on educational achievement in the universities for southeast, Nigeria. To drive more effective and efficient service delivery in the universities, there is need for adequate salary enhancement for employees in order to motivate them to strive for higher educational attainments.Limitations: The study was carried out in federal universities in Nigeria. It is expected to expand the study to cut across both private, states in Nigeria for effective and efficient comparison among the universities found in southeast geopolitical zones.Conclusion: The study concludes that government should continuously motivate these employees so that they can strive for higher educational attainments.
      PubDate: Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Improving Primary School Students’ Creative Writing and Social-Emotional
           Learning Skills through Collaborative Digital Storytelling

    • Abstract: Introduction: It is stated that digital storytelling (DST) involves a process in which students develop many skills such as searching for information, writing scripts, organisation, presentation, communication and problem solving (Robin, 2006). In this process, it is seen that recent studies have started to focus on collaborative digital storytelling (CDST) to support students (Liu, Huang, & Xu, 2018; Nishioka, 2016; Perez, Martinez, & Pineiro, 2016; Perez, Martinez, & Pineiro, 2018; Rubino, Barberis, & Malnati, 2018). Building a digital story as an artefact with a group and examining its effect on creative writing skills can help gain insight into the potential of the CDST. Also, it can be stated that CDST has the potential to provide a suitable environment for social-emotional learning skills. In this regard, this study aims to examine the effect of collaborative digital storytelling on the creative writing and social-emotional learning skills of elementary school fourth grade students.Methods: In the study, a quasi-experimental design, was used, with pre-test and post-test control groups. A process in which the experimental group was assigned a collaborative digital story, and the control group the task of preparing a visual presentation was designed. 60 students attending the fourth grade of a primary school participated in the study. The control group consisted of 30 students (14 females and 16 males), and the experimental group was also 30 students (15 female and 15 male students). The research was carried out in the 2017-2018 academic year and the implementation process lasted 11 weeks. Writing activities of the students were scored with the Creative Writing Rubric developed by Öztürk (2007). The Creative Writing Rubric is composed of eight sub-dimensions: (a) originality of ideas, (b) fluency of thoughts, (c) flexibility of thoughts, (d) word richness (selection), (e) sentence structure, (f) organisation (introduction to writing, development and outcome), (g) writing style, (h) compliance with grammar rules. The Social-emotional Learning Skills Scale developed by Kabakçı and Owen (2010) was used to measure social-emotional learning skills. There are 40 items on a 4-point Likert scale which consists of four factors: problem solving, communication, increasing self-value and coping with stress. In the study, paired samples t-test and single factor ANCOVA analysis were used and effect size (η2) and Cohen’s d were calculated.Results: According to the t-test results for dependent groups, an increase between pre-test and post-test scores was found significant for creative writing in both the experimental (t(29)=8.623; p=0,000) and the control group (t(29)=5.259; p=0,000).When the calculated effect size values are examined, it is seen that there is a large effect size for the experimental group (Cohen’s d=0.88) and a medium (Cohen’s d=0.54) for the control group (Cohen, 1988). For social-emotional learning skills, a statistically significant difference was found between pre-test and post-test scores in both experimental (t(29)=2.518; p=0.018) and control groups (t(29)= 3.934; p=0.000). The effect size is small for both in the experimental (Cohen’s d=0.42) and control groups (Cohen’s d=0.42) for social-emotional learning. When pre-test scores were kept constant, a single factor covariance analysis (ANCOVA) was conducted to examine whether the collaborative digital story preparation process had a significant effect on the post-test scores of the groups. According to the ANCOVA results, there was a significant difference between the creative writing post-test scores of the groups, F(1, 57)=7.09, p<0.05. In other words, the experimental process had an impact on creative writing. It is seen that the effect size value is calculated as η2=0.111. According to the ANCOVA results, there was no significant difference between the social-emotional learning skills post-test scores of the groups, F(1, 57)=0.137, p> 0.05.Discussion: When the experimental and control groups were compared, it was concluded that the experimental process had a moderate effect in favour of the experimental group on the creative writing skill. When the related literature is examined, studies-support these results. Schmoelz (2018) stated that the specific stages of digital storytelling are very important for providing co-creativity, especially the story production stage enables the co-creative flow experience. According to Daigle (2008), digital storytelling requires writing skills and creativity. It can be used effectively where DST is considered as a means of developing narrative knowledge (Garcia & Rossiter, 2010). When the social-emotional learning skills were examined, it was seen that there was an improvement in both the experimental group and the control group when the implementation process was completed. However, it was concluded that the experimental process did not have a significant effect on social-emotional learning skills. This may be because the students in both groups performed a collaborative study. Future studies may focus on an in-depth understanding of the process by conducting a qualitative study within the context of CDST and social-emotional learning skills. As a result of this study, it can be concluded that CDST improved students’ creative writing skills and can be used in language lessons.Conclusions: In the study, it was observed by the researchers that CDST was more advantageous in terms of time and application. Future research may focus on comparing individual and collaborative digital storytelling. Other research may examine the effect of CDST on the attitudes of students towards collaborative work. This study was designed with a quantitative method, and research can be conducted...
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Nursery School Cooperation with the Family in the Field of Media Education
           in Children

    • Abstract: Introduction: The paper focuses on a narrowly specific topic of the family cooperation with an institution of pre-school education - the nursery school (or also just the nursery), concentrating on a specific topic of “media education”. It considers the determining factors and presents partial findings of a research survey aimed at the field of media education in nursery schools.Methods: The paper contains the results of our own questionnaire research, which was carried out online in nursery school teachers. It also contains a theoretical definition of media literacy and media education in the context of the target group.Results: The result is an analysis of the obtained findings and formulated proposals for measures in the given field, which are usable and applicable in practice.Discussion: The individual presented results are continuously discussed with regard to the findings from the field of media education in the nursery school. Today, the world of the media is a common part of life even for children of pre-school age, and therefore it is necessary to teach them to orient themselves in it, which should be one of the tasks of the nursery school. In the Czech Republic, this issue has not yet been addressed at a significant level or to an appropriate extent. Our results are therefore closely linked not only to the discussion comments, but also to the conclusions drawn from them.Limitations: The results of the empirical research may be influenced by the attitudes and prejudices of nursery school teachers in relation to media in pre-school children.Conclusion: An early intervention can teach children to use media for their benefit and prevent media from negatively affecting them. The negative consequences of unrestrained effects of e.g. the television or mobile phones have been empirically proven. This information about the negative consequences is very general, distorted or superficial for the general public (parents), though. We consider the implementation of media education into the “teaching” process in nursery schools to be inevitable, even with regard to a closer cooperation between the institution and parents. However, this also places increased demands on training pedagogical staff in nursery schools in the subject area, creating methodological materials, etc.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • An Overview of Social Studies Articles in Turkey: Bibliometric Mapping
           Analysis

    • Abstract: Introduction: This research applies a bibliometric analysis to articles that have been published in Turkey in the field of social studies. “Social studies” is a discipline that aims to develop a human model with certain features applicable both for researchers’ own countries and globally. In this context, individuals’ social, work, and domestic lives are considered fundamental. Thus, discovering the characteristics of studies on social studies could be useful to interested scholars or policy-makers for determining trends in the field.Methods: In this context, 168 articles from the Web of Science database were analyzed in bibliometric terms. Here, the keywords “social studies teaching,” or “social studies,” or “social studies education” were used when searching the Web of Science database, and Turkey was selected as the study location.Results: Results of the bibliometric analysis showed that the most productive universities in Turkey are Anadolu, Marmara, and Gazi Universities, and the most frequently used keywords on the topic are “social studies,” “social studies education,” and “citizenship education.” Moreover, the most-used words in the manuscripts’ abstracts are “level,” “Turkey,” “participant,” and “impact.” The most-cited authors (judged using co-citation analyses) are Yıldırım, Öztürk, and Creswell, and the most-cited journals (judged using co-citation analyses) are The Social Studies, Journal of Educational Psychology, and Eğitim ve Bilim.Discussion: When the articles in the field of social studies were analyzed by years, it was seen that the first one is published in 2007 and citations have occurred since 2009. It can be understood from the research results that words such as academic success, motivation and social justice keywords also have been recently used. It is understood that most of the journals are not specific to social studies and are general educational journals.Limitations: The only articles examined within the scope of the study were those found in the Web of Science database. This can be considered a limitation of this research.Conclusion: Considering that the most-cited authors, according to the results of the study, are included in the bibliographies of the studies related to this field, examining their works may be a useful guide for interested scholars. The majority of the journals included in the study were general education journals. It was also noted that the majority of the most-cited journals were based in Turkey.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of Online Learning on Transfer Student Success

    • Abstract: Introduction: Online learning increased rapidly during the 2020 school year due to COVID-19. While online learning was perhaps the only realistic response to the health crisis, students differ in terms of their success with online learning. One particular group which may be vulnerable to problems with online learning is transfer students. Transfer students may be coming from smaller, in-person classes and are now put into fully online environments. This paper studies the performance of transfer students in online classes versus in-person classes.Methods: This study compares the success of transfer students for an in-person semester to an online semester. A simple statistical test was performed to compare results for transfer students to control students.Results: Transfer students appear to be performing worse than control students in the fully online learning environment.Discussion: There may be a variety of reasons for the poorer performance of transfer students. They may be switching from smaller, in-person learning environments to more impersonal online environments.Limitations: Pre-existing differences in individual students could not be controlled for.Conclusion: These results suggest that transfer students may not be adapting to fully online learning as well as control students. Further research is needed to clarify this.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Difficult Situations in Educational Management

    • Abstract: Introduction: The scholarly paper focuses on addressing selected issues related to the forms of managers’ behaviour in coping with difficult situations in managerial work.Purpose: The aim is to enrich human knowledge in the field of coping with difficult situations in managerial work both at the methodological level and at the level of theory development in this area.Methods: The most commonly used method was quantitative-qualitative content analysis of the text of various types of communicants in order to systematise, analyse and describe various phenomena and situations in educational management. We describe the objects and subjects they have a quantitatively and qualitatively differentiated essence and characteristics (manager’s personality, demanding working environment, specific environment of class or school, processes at work, at school or during teaching, management style, workplace culture, etc.).Conclusion: In terms of the specific application of the mentioned knowledge in managerial work, we can assume a positive impact on increasing the effectiveness of managerial work, in the context of which this can be used to increase the quality of selection of suitable people for managerial positions, education and training of managers, as well as prediction of possible risk factors in coping with difficult situations in managerial work.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Exploration of PYP Practitioner Preschool Teachers’ Science Teaching
           Practices: The Effect of Pedagogical Beliefs

    • Abstract: Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate PYP practitioner preschool teachers’ science teaching practices in terms of their pedagogical beliefs.Methods: In this mixed method study, the quantitative data were first collected and analyzed, and then the qualitative data were collected and detailed. Accordingly, Pedagogical Belief Systems Scale (PBSS) was first implemented to 39 preschool teachers. Then, teachers were selected based on their scores from PBSS and included in the qualitative data processes. Data sources in this study are PBSS, Science Teaching Construction Task (STCT) and Classroom Observations. On the other hand, data analysis consisted of three steps. In the first step, quantitative data analysis was performed. Qualitative data analysis was performed in the second and third steps. In the first step of the qualitative data analysis, inductive content analysis was performed based on the constant comparative method on the responses of the teachers in the lower and upper groups to eight questions in STCT. Then, teachers’ science teaching practices in their own classrooms were analyzed through analytic rubric and enriched with field notesResults: The results revealed that PYP practitioner preschool teachers had child-centered pedagogical beliefs. They also performed science teaching activities based on question-answer and deliberative interactions representing child-centered orientation, independently of their pedagogical beliefs.Discussion: According to the results in this study, the quality of PYP practitioner preschool teachers’ theoretical orientations and practical applications for science teaching was independent of their pedagogical beliefs. However, preschool teachers with high pedagogical beliefs put more emphasis on inquiry in their theoretical conceptualizations about science teaching.Limitations: The most important limitation in this study is the population. The first limitation occurs because PYP practitioner preschool education institutions were very limited in Istanbul; PYP practitioner preschool teachers were difficult to reach. The second limitation is that this research relied on only teachers’ self-reported views and practices.Conclusion: Findings in this study is important in terms of describing the quality of preschool science teaching in the context of PYP and how teachers’ pedagogical beliefs serve it. Hence, based on the results obtained in the study, it was revealed that PYP practitioner preschool teachers were generally based on child-centered teaching and tended to use inquiry-based pedagogical strategies.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Social-Emotional Health and Psychological Well-Being among Church School
           Students

    • Abstract: Introduction: This study aims to determine the level of social-emotional health of church school students and relationships among the variables of social-emotional health and psychological well-being.Methods: The research group consisted of 73 church school students in Presov Region. The data collection tools were the Social – Emotional Health Survey for secondary education (SEHS-S) and the Scale of Psychological Well-Being (PWB). The presented quantitative study has a correlation character with the comparative questions and exploratory - verification design.Results: The findings of the study showed that there is a strong positive correlation between overall social-emotional health referred to covitality and psychological well-being. Strong and moderate correlations were found among domains and psychological indicators of social-emotional health and dimensions of psychological well-being. A domain belief in others strongly correlates with positive relations with others. A strong correlation has been found between the indicator of peer support and the dimension of positive relations with others. The findings showed a moderately large, statistically significant difference in the level of belief in self in favor of males compared to females. Small and medium-sized differences between males and females were also found at the level of psychological indicators. The level of overall social-emotional health increases with the increase in the mastery of the environmental mastering and positive relations with others, which explains 35% of the data variance.Discussion: Research indicates relationships between the social-emotional health and psychological well-being as well as among dimensions, domains and indicators. The results support previous findings of other authors. Furthermore, the results showed a significant difference in the level of belief in self domain in favour of males compared to females. This finding indicates that males have higher self-confidence while compared to females.Limitations: There are certain limitations in the research, which include usage of non-standardized methods on Slovak population and a low level of reliability for Psychological Well-being Scale. Among other limitations, we include the time of data collection, which took place during the last class at the end of the week.Conclusion: Mental Health is about more than mental illness. Being mentally healthy and feeling well is important. To measure and identify elements of mental health may be useful to comprehend and promote psychological strengths of a person. A value of the paper lies in findings concerning social-emotional health of church school students, which contributed to the standardization of SEHS-S in Slovakia. Nevertheless, social-emotional health of Slovak students should not be neglected and further research on a larger sample is needed.
      PubDate: Fri, 13 Aug 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Philosophical, Aesthetic, Psychological and Pedagogical Aspects

    • Abstract: Introduction: Computers and the applications of today’s high technology can simulate reality so realistically that virtuality has become part of both children’s and adults’ lifestyles (Nagy & Kölcsey, 2017; Szécsi, 2012). However, it did not emerge with the computer applications, but with human thinking and part of that, the virtual conception of the world. In addition to social changes this development can be observed on individuals as well.Purpose: This study shows the development of virtuality through the examples of cultural, philosophical, aesthetic, then the psychological and pedagogical development of the individual with the help of some important studies.Methods: This study presents the social and individual development of virtuality throughout theoretical analysis of the research results.Conclusion: Virtuality has already an important role in the technological and economic sphere and its impact on social innovations, individual and social life can be felt as well. Virtuality-research, its application and improvement contribute to experience a more complete reality and to the improvement of human life quality.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Moral Reciprocity, Ethics of Appropriation of Indigenous Medicinal Plant
           Knowledge and Associated Biopiracy

    • Abstract: Introduction: Although this paper deals mostly with the positive effects of a posthumanist worldview on environmental sustainability, partnership, or moral accountability in science and scientific research, it also promotes a new understanding of our educational practice in higher education. The ideas espoused have the ability to inspire educators at all levels to show students, future researchers or other professions about the importance of a progressive, holistic approach to our environment. We claim that being sensitive and caring for our environment is not only part of our moral and ethical responsibility, it is an inseparable aspect of our environmental education, our environmental intelligence. This paper discusses posthumanist1 reciprocity ethics in the context of traditional knowledge (TK) and the protection of indigenous traditional knowledge from commercial exploitation.Methods: Instances of unethical bioprospecting and biopiracy were common throughout the turn of the 21st century and are discussed using cases in countries such as Cameroon, India, South Africa and Australia, where medicinal plant species were, are still a highly sought-after source of potent, pharmacologically active phytochemicals.Results and discussion: The observed increase in regulations against bioprospecting on indigenous land in these countries as a result of intellectual property monopoly by big pharmaceutical companies is discussed in this paper along the lines of a ‘humanist vs posthumanist’ ontology. Patent exclusivity laws have historically marginalized the proprietary owners of indigenous traditional knowledge, creating a moral and ethical rift between those that seek to exploit this knowledge commercially and those from whom the knowledge originally comes from. This disconnection from nature and natural resources due to a humanistic approach2 to growth and development, often leads to environmental exploitation, exploitation of indigenous people and unsustainable commercial practices. Existing research and bioprospecting ethics that are practiced on indigenous lands must be questioned in their ability to provide mutually beneficial outcomes for all stakeholders.Conclusions: The posthumanist approach to morality and research ethics is discussed in this paper as a possible and practical alternative to humanism along with the potential for posthumanist ethics to be a tool to shape legal frameworks and the policies that protect at-risk communities and their respective natural environments. Our current developmental trajectory as a collective species has us blurring the lines that separate the ‘human’ from the ‘non-human’ elements in our world as humanity grows towards a more technologically advanced but equally environmentally dependent people. Thus, the currently existing systems of ethics that govern the relationship between the ‘human’ and ‘non-human’ must be called into question. This paper aims to illustrate the positive effects of a posthumanist worldview on issues such as environmental sustainability, partnership, moral accountability and reciprocity ethics in the context of modern science and modern scientific research.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Role of Resilience in Coping with Negative Parental Behaviour

    • Abstract: Introduction: Negative parental behaviour is among the significant risk factors that can have a negative impact on an individual’s development. In certain contexts, when appropriate protective factors are available, individuals deal with adversity better and it does not come to a decrease in their social performance nor their achievement in various spheres of life.Purpose: The purpose of the presented paper is to provide a literature review on the role of resilience in dealing with harsh circumstances when negative parental behaviour occurs in a family.Methods: In the study, the traditional desk research method was used to gather data.Conclusions: Exposure to negative parental behaviour – including abuse and neglect, as well as domestic violence, can have detrimental consequences for children’s health and welfare. Under such circumstances, protective factors available to children play a significant role. Exposure to negative parental behaviour, including abuse and neglect, as well as domestic violence, can have detrimental consequences for children’s health and welfare. Under such circumstances, protective factors available to children play a significant role. If a family fails to protect a child or even represents a risk factor in the child’s life, the importance of other social institutions, such as schools, church, peer groups, etc., increases, as both internal and external protective factors are important. They can provide children at risk with support, help them develop own coping strategies and foster their resilience in order to overcome significant adversity in their families without serious harm. An individual’s resilience is a decisive factor in the process of dealing with threatening situations.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Developing Students’ Language Competence and Essential 21st Century
           Skills for Future Employability: The Case of Latvia and Lithuania

    • Abstract: Introduction: Nowadays, language and intercultural competences have become core employability skills in many fields, supporting the development of other skills which emphasizes the necessity for specific pedagogic approaches in developing online learning materials and courses that would develop learners’ language competence and other relevant 21st century skills for future employability. The current comparative summative evaluation research conducted in two higher education institutions in Latvia and Lithuania analyses students’ feedback, elicited from 200 students, on the efficiency of the methods and methodologies applied in the course development and their suitability to develop the above-mentioned skills and competences.Methods: The research implies a mixed-model design comprising a students’ questionnaire (a quantitative tool) and students’ essays (a qualitative tool). Quantitative data analysis was done applying descriptive and inferential statistics tests by IBM SPSS 22 software, qualitative data analysis – applying discourse analysis.Results: The findings indicate that students highly evaluate the learning platform and the courses created. They find them as useful, visually appealing, interesting, interactive, well-structured, and easy to understand. Students acknowledge that they have developed their knowledge of professional lexis, reading skills, grammar and gained useful knowledge in their field. Significant differences were found concerning students’ group, specialization and the course completed – local students vs. international students as to the evaluation of the learning platform, students of IT field vs. business fields, Latvian students vs. Lithuanian students as to the intercultural B2/C1 English course completed. The research results strengthen the cognitions derived from theory on significant issues to be observed when creating blended-learning courses.Discussion: The course designed is an alternative way of learning and may be useful for anyone who wishes to update their language and intercultural competence either through a formal or non-formal education course or on a lifelong learning basis.Limitations: The research period covered one semester only. Although the study materials for 16 languages have been created, the current paper analyses only the results obtained in piloting English and Spanish courses, with the predominance of learners opting for English courses.Conclusions: The research results show that the methods and methodologies applied in the given interactive blended-learning courses have developed the students’ language competence and have fostered the development of their digital competence, team-working and collaboration skills, problem-solving skills and learning-to-learn thus motivating them to become autonomous learners. The pedagogy-based approach applied in the current research has been successful despite a few flaws in the design of the course materials.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Comparison of Teachers’ Opinions on Inspections

    • Abstract: Introduction: The quality of school depends on a well-functioning school management, managed by the top school managers. It is very important to know the real conditions of the school to be able to provide any effective changes. Especially, it is necessary to know the educational process which can be efficiently determined by an inspection process. The inspection process is present in current pedagogical science and in pedagogical practice which deserves increased attention of all participants in the educational process.Methods: The study is based on a theoretical analysis of the presented issues and on a research. The findings were analysed, compared, and conclusions were drawn for school practice. We used the following research methods:- content analysis of the existing literature;- the quantitative method of gathering data by the medium of a twelve-item questionnaire containing four closed and eight semi-open questions. The questionnaire contained data necessary to process and evaluate the questionnaire, these were inserted as the last question;- statistical data processing methods.Results: New times bring a new style of management and a new understanding of the inspecting activity, which creates a partnership between the student and the teacher. It is to promote mutual understanding between them, based on the principles of democracy. Innovations in the educational practice also affect the realization of inspecting activities. The aim of managers, as well as inspectors, is to promote inspections not only as a tool for evaluating the teaching process but also as methodological help for teachers. The goal of our research was to map the state of the inspecting activity in selected high schools and to find out about the changes in teachers’ opinions on inspecting activities over the twenty-year horizon. We cannot generalize our findings for schools of all kinds as only 88 respondents (44 respondents participated in the 1998 research and 44 respondents in the 2017 research) took part in our research.Discussion: Managing the educational process and taking the responsibility for its quality are among the basic duties of the school management and in the conditions of the Slovak Republic, as it follows from Act no. 596/2003 on state administration in education and school self-government as last amended. Supervising school leadership is one of the fundamental means of feedback that allows the study of the level of educational and training results, the fulfillment of the conceptual development of school, and the fulfillment of the tasks in the short-term school plan. The objective of the principal of the school is to obtain objective information about the level and the outcomes of the educational work of the school and, if deficiencies are identified, it is his/her duty to eliminate them. The most important task of the school is to implement the School Educational Program in line with the State Educational Program (SEP), which should take into account the needs of students, the interests of students and their parents, and contribute to improving the processes going on in the school, especially in the educational process. The research revealed that inspections conducted by school managers (the principal, deputies, administrators) are the most beneficial for the work of teachers. This fact was caused by the effort of the school managers to view inspections as a means of personal growth of teachers and not only as a controlling mechanism of teachers’ work. This was also confirmed by the research showing that inspections by the members of school management are now clearly focused on emphasizing the positive aspect of teachers’ work. This was caused by a shift in the inspectors’ perception of the inspecting activities in the period of twenty years - they use them as a teacher-oriented tool.Limitations: The number of participants in the research sample was one of the methodological limitations of this research. We cannot consider this number to be representative for the purpose of generalizing the results.Conclusion: In this study, we realized a mutual comparison of attitudes and opinions of teachers regarding inspecting activities. This comparative study, taking into account the twenty-year time span, has shown that the inspectors (school managers) have acquired such methods of evaluating their teachers, which objectively refer of their actual performance, that the most beneficial inspections for teachers’ own pedagogical work are the inspections conducted by the members of the school management, that the adherence to pedagogical ethics by the inspectors has an increasing tendency, and that formalism, as well as the subjective evaluation of teacher’s work, have a downward tendency and have disappeared from the conclusions of inspections. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that, in the course of two decades, significant changes have taken place in the realization of inspections, both on the part of the inspectors and on the part of the teachers and their perception of inspections.
      PubDate: Fri, 09 Aug 2019 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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