Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 2507 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (24 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (10 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (37 journals)
    - EDUCATION (2141 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (158 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (41 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (14 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (40 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (38 journals)

EDUCATION (2141 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
#Tear : Revista de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
(Pensamiento), (palabra) y obra     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
21st Century Pedagogy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
@tic. revista d'innovació educativa     Open Access  
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ABDIMAS ALTRUIS : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Abdimas Toddopuli : Jurnal Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Academic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Academy of Management Learning and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Acta Científica : Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Didactica Norge     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Educationis Generalis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Education     Open Access  
Action in Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Action Learning: Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 400)
Actualidades Pedagógicas     Open Access  
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adiyaman University Journal of Educational Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administração Educacional     Open Access  
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 278)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 263)
Advanced Education     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Building Education     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in School Mental Health Promotion     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Africa Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AIDS Education and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ainedidaktiikka     Open Access  
Akademos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AKSIOMATIK : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aksis : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Al-Athfaal : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Bahith Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Fikrah     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Idarah : Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Mudarris : Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Tadris : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Al-Tadzkiyyah : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access  
Alberta Journal of Educational Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aldaba     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria : Revista de Educação em Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Alotrop     Open Access  
Alsic : Apprentissage des Langues et Systèmes d'Information et de Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Alteridad     Open Access  
Ambiente & Educação : Revista de Educação Ambiental     Open Access  
American Annals of the Deaf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Distance Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 295)
American Journal of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 75)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ana Dili Eğitimi Dergisi / Journal of Mother Tongue Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anargya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio N – Educatio Nova     Open Access  
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Modern Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Antistasis : An Open Educational Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Anuario Pilquen : Sección Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Apertura. Revista de innovación educativa‏     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ápice : Revista de Educación Científica     Open Access  
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Measurement in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aprender     Open Access  
AR-RIAYAH : Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access  
Arabia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabiyatuna : Jurnal Bahasa Arab     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Ciencias de la Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Areté, Revista Digital del Doctorado en Educación de la Universidad Central de Venezuela     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arrancada     Open Access  
Ars Educandi     Open Access  
Art Design & Communication in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Art Education     Hybrid Journal  
Arte e Investigación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Arts Education Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Artseduca : Revista electrónica de educación en las ARTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Asia-Pacific Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Association of Open Universities Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Distance Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of English Language Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ASp     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Assessing Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 259)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
At-Ta'dib Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
ATENA Didaktik     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atenas : Revista Científico Pedagógica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Athenea Digital     Open Access  
ATIKAN : Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan (Journal of Educational Studies)     Open Access  
Atthulab : Islamic Religion Teaching and Learning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aula Abierta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aula de Encuentro     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Australasian Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Journal of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Australian Journal of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Australian Journal of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Dyslexia and Other Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 473)
Australian Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Screen Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 358)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bahastra     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Career Education and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basastra : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BC TEAL Journal     Open Access  
Becoming : Journal of the Georgia Middle School Association     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BELAJEA : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
BELIA : Early Childhood Education Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
BELT - Brazilian English Language Teaching Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Berkeley Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Beyond Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biblioteka i Edukacja     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioeduscience     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bioma : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biosaintifika : Journal of Biology & Biology Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biosfer : Jurnal Biologi dan Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Biosfer : Jurnal Tadris Biologi     Open Access  
BISE : Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Ekonomi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biuletyn Historii Wychowania     Open Access  
BMC Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Bordón : Revista de Pedagogía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British (Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 281)
British Journal of Educational Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 213)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 211)
British Journal of Music Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
British Journal of Religious Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
British Journal of Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
British Journal of Special Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
British Journal of Visual Impairment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Health Sciences Education
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.64
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 39  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-1677 - ISSN (Online) 1382-4996
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2658 journals]
  • Assessment of factual recall and higher-order cognitive domains in an
           open-book medical school examination

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      Abstract: Open-book examinations (OBEs) will likely become increasingly important assessment tools. We investigated how access to open-book resources affected questions testing factual recall, which might be easy to look-up, versus questions testing higher-order cognitive domains. Few studies have investigated OBEs using modern Internet resources or as summative assessments. We compared performance on an examination conducted as a traditional closed-book exam (CBE) in 2019 (N = 320) and a remote OBE with free access to Internet resources in 2020 (N = 337) due to COVID-19. This summative, end-of-year assessment focused on basic science for second-year medical students. We categorized questions by Bloom’s taxonomy (‘Remember’, versus ‘Understand/Apply’). We predicted higher performance on the OBE, driven by higher performance on ‘Remember’ questions. We used an item-centric analysis by using performance per item over all examinees as the outcome variable in logistic regression, with terms ‘Open-Book, ‘Bloom Category’ and their interaction. Performance was higher on OBE questions than CBE questions (OR 2.2, 95% CI: 2.14–2.39), and higher on ‘Remember’ than ‘Understand/Apply’ questions (OR 1.13, 95% CI: 1.09–1.19). The difference in performance between ‘Remember’ and ‘Understand/Apply’ questions was greater in the OBE than the CBE (‘Open-Book’ * ‘Bloom Category’ interaction: OR 1.2, 95% CI: 1.19–1.37). Access to open-book resources had a greater effect on performance on factual recall questions than higher-order questions, though performance was higher in the OBE overall. OBE design must consider how searching for information affects performance, particularly on questions measuring different domains of knowledge.
      PubDate: 2021-10-23
       
  • “We know what they’re struggling with”: student peer mentors’
           embodied perceptions of teaching in a health professional education
           mentorship program

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      Abstract: This paper reports on a study of student peer mentorship in the context of nursing education in a higher education program in Canada. The study used an embodied hermeneutic phenomenological methodology to investigate student peer mentors’ perceptions of teaching during peer mentorship. The data were collected over one calendar year (2019) and involved analysis of 10 participants’ interview data and their ‘body maps,’ produced in response to guided questions. Through the data analysis a core theme of ‘commitment to mentee growth’ was identified, along with seven interrelated themes: sharing responsibility for learning, moderating stress, mediating power relations, navigating unknown processes, valuing creative approaches, offering generous acceptance, and facilitating confidence. Student peer mentorship has the potential to contribute to health professions education in a number of unique ways including through embodied attunement, trusting intersubjective relations, and dialogic education. This study is innovative in its purposeful design and aim to investigate both cognitive and embodied perceptions of student peer mentors. The findings point to the promise of student peer mentorship for advancing health sciences education. Implications for peer mentorship program development in health professions education are discussed.
      PubDate: 2021-10-21
       
  • Language games and scholarly writing

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      Abstract: In this editorial the Editor considers the Wittgensteinian language games of scholarly writing in health professional education and their implications for creating and consuming the work that is published in this Journal and across the field in general.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10069-4
       
  • Japanese medical learners’ achievement emotions: Accounting for culture
           in translating Western medical educational theories and instruments into
           an asian context

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      Abstract: Medical learners’ achievement emotions during educational activities have remained unexamined in Asian cultural contexts. The Medical Emotion Scale (MES) was previously developed to assess achievement emotions experienced by North American medical learners during learning activities. The goal of this study was to create and validate a Japanese version of the Medical Emotion Scale (J-MES). We translated the MES into Japanese and conducted two initial validation studies of the J-MES. In the first pilot study, we asked five, native-Japanese, second-year medical students to assess their emotions with the J-MES during a computer-based clinical reasoning activity. Each participant was then interviewed to assess the clarity and suitability of the items. In a second, larger study, 41 Japanese medical students were recruited to assess the psychometric properties of the J-MES. We also conducted individual, semi-structured interviews with ten of these participants to explore potential cultural features in the achievement emotions of Japanese students. The first pilot study demonstrated that the J-MES descriptions were clear, and that the scale captured an appropriate range of emotions. The second study revealed that the J-MES scale’s profiles and internal structure were largely consistent with control-value theory. The achievement emotions of pride, compassion, and surprise in the J-MES were found to be susceptible to cultural differences between North American and Japanese contexts. Our findings clearly demonstrated the scoring capacity, generalizability, and extrapolability of the J-MES.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10048-9
       
  • A phenomenological study of new doctors’ transition to practice,
           utilising participant-voiced poetry

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      Abstract: Transition to practice can be a turbulent time for new doctors. It has been proposed transition is experienced non-linearly in physical, psychological, cultural and social domains. What is less well known, however, is whether transition within these domains can contribute to the experience of moral injury in new doctors. Further, the lived experience of doctors as they transition to practice is underexplored. Given this, we asked; how do newly qualified doctors experience transition from medical school to practice' One-to-one phenomenological interviews with 7 recently qualified UK doctors were undertaken. Findings were analysed using Ajjawi and Higgs’ framework of hermeneutic analysis. Following identification of secondary concepts, participant-voiced research poems were crafted by the research team, re-displaying participant words chronologically to convey meaning and deepen analysis. 4 themes were identified: (1) The nature of transition to practice; (2) The influence of community; (3) The influence of personal beliefs and values; and (4) The impact of unrealistic undergraduate experience. Transition to practice was viewed mostly negatively, with interpersonal support difficult to access given the 4-month nature of rotations. Participants describe relying on strong personal beliefs and values, often rooted in an ‘ethic of caring’ to cope. Yet, in the fraught landscape of the NHS, an ethic of caring can also prove troublesome and predispose to moral injury as trainees work within a fragmented system misaligned with personal values. The disjointed nature of postgraduate training requires review, with focus on individual resilience redirected to tackle systemic health-service issues.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10046-x
       
  • Building evidence-based practice competencies among rehabilitation
           students: a qualitative exploration of faculty and preceptors’
           perspectives

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      Abstract: Medical education literature suggests clinically-integrated teaching may be the most effective approach to teach evidence-based practice (EBP). Before implementing this educational best practice in rehabilitation curricula, it is imperative to better understand the current context, barriers and facilitators to teach EBP in rehabilitation from the academic to the clinical setting. The aim of this study was to explore faculty and preceptors’ experiences and perceptions of teaching EBP in rehabilitation professions, namely occupational therapy, physical therapy and speech-language pathology. We gathered data from seven focus groups and an individual interview with a sample of 24 faculty and 15 preceptors, i.e., clinical supervisors. Data collected were subjected to inductive thematic content analysis. We identified three overarching themes and corresponding strategies. First, “Recognizing EBP as a multifaceted concept” denoted participants’ lack of consensus regarding the meaning and scope of EBP, and their awareness of such discrepancies. Second, “Complexity of EBP is at the core of teaching practices and experiences” referred to participants’ perception of EBP as a complex process involving high-level cognitive skills, which influenced their teaching practices and challenged students and themselves. Third, “Connections and divides between research and practice” represented the limited and delicate connection between faculty and preceptors, the factors either bridging or maintaining the gap between them, and the impacts of such connections and divides on teaching. Improving collaboration between faculty and preceptors constitutes an essential first step towards more effective EBP training programs in rehabilitation that could be facilitated through online communities of practice or integrated knowledge translation research projects.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10051-0
       
  • A phenomenological investigation of patients’ experiences during direct
           observation in residency: busting the myth of the fly on the wall

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      Abstract: Direct observation (DO) of residents by supervisors is a highly recommended educational tool in postgraduate medical education, yet its uptake is poor. Residents and supervisors report various reasons for not engaging in DO. Some of these relate to their interaction with patients during DO. We do not know the patient perspectives on these interactions, nor, more broadly, what it is like to be a patient in a DO situation. Understanding the patient perspective may lead to a more complete understanding of the dynamics in DO situations, which may benefit patient wellbeing and improve the use of DO as an educational tool. We conducted a phenomenological interview study to investigate the experience of being a patient in a DO situation. Our analysis included multiple rounds of coding and identifying themes, and a final phase of phenomenological reduction to arrive at the essential elements of the experience. Constant reflexivity was at the heart of this process. Our results provide a new perspective on the role of the supervisor in DO situations. Patients were willing to address the resident, but sought moments of contact with, and some participation by, the supervisor. Consequently, conceptions of DO in which the supervisor thinks she is a fly on the wall rather than a part of the interaction, should be critically reviewed. To that end, we propose the concept of participative direct observation in workplace learning, which also acknowledges the observer’s role as participant. Embracing this concept may benefit both patients’ wellbeing and residents’ learning.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10044-z
       
  • Tensions in describing competency-based medical education: a study of
           Canadian key opinion leaders

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      Abstract: The current discourse on competency-based medical education (CBME) is confounded by a lack of agreement on definitions and philosophical assumptions. This phenomenon impacts curriculum implementation, program evaluation and disrupts dialogue with the education community. The purpose of this study is to explore how Canadian key opinion leaders describe the philosophy and practice of CBME. A purposeful and snowball sample of Canadian key opinion leaders, reflecting diversity of institutions and academic roles, was recruited. A qualitative thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews was conducted using the principles of constructivist grounded theory. A modified integrated knowledge user checking process was accomplished via a national open meeting of educators, researchers, and leaders in postgraduate medical education. Research ethics board approval was received. 17 interviews were completed between September and November 2018. 43 participants attended the open meeting. There was no unified framing or definition of CBME; perspectives were heterogenous. Most participants struggled to identify a philosophy or theory that underpinned CBME. CBME was often defined by key operational practices, including an emphasis on work-based assessments and coaching relationships between learners and supervisors. CBME was articulated as addressing problems with current training models, including failure to fail, rigor in the structure of training and maintaining the social contract with the public. The unintended consequences of CBME included a reductionist framing of competence and concern for resident wellness with changes to the learning environment. This study demonstrates a heterogeneity in defining CMBE among Canadian key opinion leaders. Future work should explore the fidelity of implementation of CBME.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10049-8
       
  • Systematic review of noncognitive factors influence on health professions
           students’ academic performance

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      Abstract: Increased importance has been placed on noncognitive skills in professional development and by accrediting bodies of health professions programs in recent years. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to conduct a comprehensive systematic review of evidence examining effects of academic resilience, grit, perceived stress, locus of control, and Big Five Personality Traits on academic performance of health professions students. A literature search of peer-reviewed, English-language articles describing select noncognitive factors was performed using seven databases. Searches were performed from the earliest index date through May 2020. The following data from included studies were extracted and summarized: research design hierarchy, hierarchy of study outcomes (modified from Kirkpatrick), association between noncognitive factors and academic outcomes, and quality assessment criteria. 149 articles met inclusion criteria. Almost 80% of studies were Level III (observational). Medical students were the most frequently studied population (n = 73 articles). The most studied academic outcome was grade point average (n = 61). Perceived stress and Big Five Personality Traits accounted for greater than 50% of studies. Most studies were rated as fair to good quality. Associations between noncognitive factors and academic outcomes were largely inconsistent, although greater perceived stress was generally associated with poorer academic performance outcomes, while higher conscientiousness, academic resilience, and grit were generally associated with better outcomes. This systematic review represents a large body of evidence concerning select noncognitive factors and their association with academic performance of health professions students. Support services addressing noncognitive factors should be deliberated and tailored for specific health professions education programs and student populations.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10042-1
       
  • New ways of seeing: supplementing existing competency framework
           development guidelines with systems thinking

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      Abstract: Competency frameworks provide a link between professional practice, education, training, and assessment. They support and inform downstream processes such as curriculum design, assessment, accreditation and professional accountability. However, existing guidelines are limited in accounting for the complexities of professional practice potentially undermining utility of such guidelines and validity of outcomes. This necessitates additional ways of “seeing” situated and context-specific practice. We highlight what a conceptual framework informed by systems thinking can offer when developing competency frameworks. Mirroring shifts towards systems thinking in program evaluation and quality improvement, we suggest that similar approaches that identify and make use of the role and influence of system features and contexts can provide ways of augmenting existing guidelines when developing competency frameworks. We framed a systems thinking approach in two ways. First using an adaptation of Ecological Systems Theory which offers a realist perspective of the person and environment, and the evolving interaction between the two. Second, by employing complexity thinking, which obligates attention to the relationships and influences of features within the system, we can explore the multiple complex, unique, and context-embedded problems that exist within and have stake in real-world practice settings. The ability to represent clinical practice when developing competency frameworks can be improved when features that may be relevant, including their potential interactions, are identified and understood. A conceptual framework informed by systems thinking makes visible features of a practice in context that may otherwise be overlooked when developing competency frameworks using existing guidelines.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10054-x
       
  • The need for health AI ethics in medical school education

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      Abstract: Health Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to improve health care, but at the same time, raises many ethical challenges. Within the field of health AI ethics, the solutions to the questions posed by ethical issues such as informed consent, bias, safety, transparency, patient privacy, and allocation are complex and difficult to navigate. The increasing amount of data, market forces, and changing landscape of health care suggest that medical students may be faced with a workplace in which understanding how to safely and effectively interact with health AIs will be essential. Here we argue that there is a need to teach health AI ethics in medical schools. Real events in health AI already pose ethical challenges to the medical community. We discuss key ethical issues requiring medical school education and suggest that case studies based on recent real-life examples are useful tools to teach the ethical issues raised by health AIs.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10040-3
       
  • Differences in empathy toward patients between medical and nonmedical
           students: an fMRI study

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      Abstract: There is growing concern about a potential decline in empathy among medical students over time. Despite the importance of empathy toward patients in medicine, it remains unclear the nature of the changes in empathy among medical students. Thus, we systematically investigated affective and cognitive empathy for patients among medical students using neuroscientific approach. Nineteen medical students who completed their fifth-year medical curriculum and 23 age- and sex-matched nonmedical students participated in a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Inside a brain scanner, all participants read empathy-eliciting scenarios while adopting either the patient or doctor perspective. Brain activation and self-reported ratings during the experience of empathy were obtained. Behavioral results indicated that all participants reported greater emotional negativity and empathic concern in association with the patient perspective condition than with the doctor perspective condition. Functional brain imaging results indicated that neural activity in the posterior superior temporal region implicated in goal-relevant attention reorienting was overall increased under the patient perspective than the doctor perspective condition. Relative to nonmedical students, medical students showed decreased activity in the temporoparietal region implicated in mentalizing under the patient perspective versus doctor perspective condition. Notably, this same region showed increased activity under the doctor versus patient condition in medical students relative to nonmedical students. This study is among the first to investigate the neural mechanisms of empathy among medical students and the current findings point to the cognitive empathy system as the locus of the primary brain differences associated with empathy toward patients.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10045-y
       
  • Do different response formats affect how test takers approach a clinical
           reasoning task' An experimental study on antecedents of diagnostic
           accuracy using a constructed response and a selected response format

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      Abstract: The use of response formats in assessments of medical knowledge and clinical reasoning continues to be the focus of both research and debate. In this article, we report on an experimental study in which we address the question of how much list-type selected response formats and short-essay type constructed response formats are related to differences in how test takers approach clinical reasoning tasks. The design of this study was informed by a framework developed within cognitive psychology which stresses the importance of the interplay between two components of reasoning—self-monitoring and response inhibition—while solving a task or case. The results presented support the argument that different response formats are related to different processing behavior. Importantly, the pattern of how different factors are related to a correct response in both situations seem to be well in line with contemporary accounts of reasoning. Consequently, we argue that when designing assessments of clinical reasoning, it is crucial to tap into the different facets of this complex and important medical process.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10052-z
       
  • A philosophical history of programmatic assessment: tracing shifting
           configurations

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      Abstract: Programmatic assessment is now well entrenched in medical education, allowing us to reflect on when it first emerged and how it evolved into the form we know today. Drawing upon the intellectual tradition of historical epistemology, we provide a philosophically-oriented historiographical study of programmatic assessment. Our goal is to trace its relatively short historical trajectory by describing shifting configurations in its scene of inquiry—focusing on questions, practices, and philosophical presuppositions. We identify three historical phases: emergence, evolution and entrenchment. For each, we describe the configurations of the scene; examine underlying philosophical presuppositions driving changes; and detail upshots in assessment practice. We find that programmatic assessment emerged in response to positivist ‘turmoil’ prior to 2005, driven by utility considerations and implicit pragmatist undertones. Once introduced, it evolved with notions of diversity and learning being underscored, and a constructivist ontology developing at its core. More recently, programmatic assessment has become entrenched as its own sub-discipline. Rich narratives have been emphasised, but philosophical underpinnings have been blurred. We hope to shed new light on current assessment practices in the medical education community by interrogating the history of programmatic assessment from this philosophical vantage point. Making philosophical presuppositions explicit highlights the perspectival nature of aspects of programmatic assessment, and suggest reasons for perceived benefits as well as potential tensions, contradictions and vulnerabilities in the approach today. We conclude by offering some reflections on important points to emerge from our historical study, and suggest ‘what next’ for programmatic assessment in light of this endeavour.
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10050-1
       
  • Clinical educators can supervise students without increased stress: a
           study of interacting factors using insights from complexity theory

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      Abstract: Supervising students in healthcare settings is complex and can be stressful for clinical educators. However, it is unclear how to design student placements without clinical educator stress. Using complexity theory as a lens, fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) was used to explore factors associated with no increased stress for clinical educators during speech pathology (SP) placements. Factor selection was informed by the Demand- Control- Support model and existing literature. No single factor was necessary for clinical educators to experience no increased stress. Varied combinations of all factors were found in 10 paths to no increased stress. These combinations often had passing student(s); however, multiple paths included other factors that could be adjusted by clinical educators prior to placement. For example, having more than one workday per week without students was a factor in four paths to no increased stress despite other potential challenges such as a higher caseload throughput. More experienced educators, who had other supporting factors (e.g. lower caseload throughput or workplace engagement such as support from colleagues and managers), also perceived no increased stress in four paths. Student placements without increased stress for clinical educators require consideration of multiple interacting factors. Principles of complexity theory provide insight into how clinical educators uniquely respond to their individual circumstances, resulting in different experiences of student placement impact even within similar workplaces. FsQCA has highlighted practical ways clinical educators supervise students without increased stress. However, any changes for an individual clinical educator need to be considered in combination with other factors given the complexity of clinical education and healthcare settings.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
       
  • Factors affecting perceived credibility of assessment in medical
           education: A scoping review

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      Abstract: Assessment is more educationally effective when learners engage with assessment processes and perceive the feedback received as credible. With the goal of optimizing the educational value of assessment in medical education, we mapped the primary literature to identify factors that may affect a learner’s perceptions of the credibility of assessment and assessment-generated feedback (i.e., scores or narrative comments). For this scoping review, search strategies were developed and executed in five databases. Eligible articles were primary research studies with medical learners (i.e., medical students to post-graduate fellows) as the focal population, discussed assessment of individual learners, and reported on perceived credibility in the context of assessment or assessment-generated feedback. We identified 4705 articles published between 2000 and November 16, 2020. s were screened by two reviewers; disagreements were adjudicated by a third reviewer. Full-text review resulted in 80 articles included in this synthesis. We identified three sets of intertwined factors that affect learners’ perceived credibility of assessment and assessment-generated feedback: (i) elements of an assessment process, (ii) learners’ level of training, and (iii) context of medical education. Medical learners make judgments regarding the credibility of assessments and assessment-generated feedback, which are influenced by a variety of individual, process, and contextual factors. Judgments of credibility appear to influence what information will or will not be used to improve later performance. For assessment to be educationally valuable, design and use of assessment-generated feedback should consider how learners interpret, use, or discount assessment-generated feedback.
      PubDate: 2021-09-27
       
  • Thirty years of teaching evidence-based medicine: have we been getting it
           all wrong'

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      Abstract: Evidence based medicine (EBM) has been synonymous to delivery of quality care for almost thirty years. Since the movement’s inception, the assumption has been that decisions based on high quality evidence would translate to better care for patients. Despite EBM’s many attractive features and the substantive attention it has received in the contemporary clinical and medical education literature, how it is defined and operationalized as a component of training is often unclear and problematic. How to practice EBM is not well articulated in the literature; therefore, it becomes difficult to teach and equally challenging to assess. In this paper, we put forward a call for deeper consideration of how EBM is taught, and for clarification on how it is defined and operationalized in medical education. In preparing this paper, we considered questions such as what it means to practice EBM, the role that medical education plays in helping realize EBM, how the teaching of EBM can change to reflect recent developments in clinical practice and education, and whether transformations in the practice of medicine necessitate a change in how we teach EBM. We end with four avenues that may be pursued to advance the teaching of EBM in medical education: (1) consensus on what we mean by EBM; (2) clear articulation of EBM-associated competencies; (3) empirically and theoretically supported means of promoting EBM competencies; (4) ways to assess both skill acquisition and use of EBM. We discuss implications for educators of EBM.
      PubDate: 2021-09-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10077-4
       
  • Student-faculty interactions within a physiotherapy curriculum in South
           Africa

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      Abstract: Interactions between faculty and students in higher education has the potential to influence and shape many aspects of teaching, learning, curricula, student experiences and performance, yet has received little attention as an area of study. This study investigates student-faculty interactions within a physiotherapy curriculum from the perspectives of students, faculty and physiotherapy managers at a South African university. The data, produced through multiple methods, derive from students, faculty and physiotherapy managers underpinned by critical-feminist perspectives. Thematic analysis of the data produced four themes. Two dominant threads emerging from the analysis as characterising student-faculty relationships are the deeply hierarchical relations of power characterised by a lack of caring and concern for students, and the exclusion of wider constructs for interaction; deriving from a particular entrenched medical model. Ironically, while caring relationships with patients are overtly advocated and developed, they appear to be largely absent in the same physiotherapy curriculum spaces in the relationships between faculty and students. These findings raise questions about how the most foundational attribute of a health science professional, that of caring, is being produced through the curriculum in the relationship between faculty and students in the health sciences.
      PubDate: 2021-09-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10070-x
       
  • Not too little, not too much: supervisor perceptions of work-readiness of
           speech-language pathology graduates

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      Abstract: The work-readiness skills and attributes that facilitate healthcare graduates to succeed in their new workplaces are not well defined. In particular, the perspectives of supervisors of graduates in the diverse hospital and community settings of healthcare practice are not well represented in research about work-readiness. Interview data from a case study of twenty-nine supervisors of speech-language pathology graduates was thematically analysed, using Boundary Critique Theory to interpret how the supervisors’ understanding of graduate work-readiness was bounded within their understanding of their own system, needs and work environment. The four themes captured the skills that the supervisors perceived as critical for graduate work-readiness: Independence; Attitude; Teamwork; and Learning. A tension was identified within these themes, as supervisors’ understanding of work-readiness was bounded by an expectation that graduates are able to moderate how they transfer and apply their graduate skills in their workplace according to the complexity of client needs and the workplace setting. This study increases the visibility of the supervisors’ boundaries around what are and are not considered to be work-ready skills, attributes and expectations of a work ready speech-language pathology graduate. This knowledge can be used to facilitate speech-language pathology graduates to successfully transfer, apply and expand these skills as they transition to work, and may be useful for other health professions to explore.
      PubDate: 2021-09-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10073-8
       
  • The learning experiences of dyslexic medical students during the COVID-19
           pandemic: a phenomenological study

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      Abstract: Dyslexia is a Specific Learning Difficulty that impacts on reading and writing abilities. During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical schools have been forced to undertake distance learning and assessment. The wider literature suggested that e-learning might pose additional challenges for dyslexic students. Here we explore their overall experiences of learning/studying during this time in a phenomenological study. Five medical students were interviewed in depth and the audio-recordings were transcribed verbatim. Transcripts then underwent an interpretive phenomenological analysis. Our results highlighted a largely positive experience, with an improved culture of togetherness, freedom and sense of control. They also revealed issues with a lack of clinical exposure, potential negative impacts on ranking positions for those with dyslexia, and possible cheating in exams. There are some surprising results—in particular the positive responses to how remote learning was delivered. These seemed to put our participants more on a par with their non-dyslexic colleagues—except in some examinations. It is our hope that medical educators may resist a return to ‘the way things have always been done’ when the pandemic has resolved, and by doing so, continue to foster this new, positive culture and paradigm shift.
      PubDate: 2021-09-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10459-021-10074-7
       
 
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