Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 2346 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (24 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (10 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (38 journals)
    - EDUCATION (1996 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (140 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (42 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (14 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (40 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (38 journals)

EDUCATION (1996 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
#Tear : Revista de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
(Pensamiento), (palabra) y obra     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
21. Yüzyılda Eğitim Ve Toplum Eğitim Bilimleri Ve Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
21st Century Pedagogy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
ABDIMAS ALTRUIS : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Abdimas Toddopuli : Jurnal Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat     Open Access  
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Academic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Academy of Management Learning and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Acción y Reflexión Educativa     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Científica : Ciências Humanas     Open Access  
Acta Didactica Norge     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Educationis Generalis     Open Access  
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Education     Open Access  
Action in Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Action Learning: Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 190)
Actualidades Pedagógicas     Open Access  
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Administração Educacional     Open Access  
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 150)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Advanced Education     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Arts, Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Building Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in School Mental Health Promotion     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Africa Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Education and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ainedidaktiikka     Open Access  
AKSIOMATIK : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika     Open Access  
Al-Athfaal : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini     Open Access  
Al-Idarah : Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Al-Mudarris : Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Tadris : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Al-Tadzkiyyah : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access  
Alberta Journal of Educational Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alexandria : Revista de Educação em Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Alotrop     Open Access  
Alsic : Apprentissage des Langues et Systèmes d'Information et de Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Alteridad     Open Access  
Ambiente & Educação : Revista de Educação Ambiental     Open Access  
AMC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Annals of the Deaf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Distance Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
American Journal of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 157)
American Journal of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ana Dili Eğitimi Dergisi / Journal of Mother Tongue Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anargya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio N – Educatio Nova     Open Access  
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Modern Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Antistasis : An Open Educational Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apertura. Revista de innovación educativa‏     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ápice : Revista de Educación Científica     Open Access  
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Measurement in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aprender     Open Access  
AR-RIAYAH : Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access  
Arabia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabiyat : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab dan Kebahasaaraban     Open Access  
Arabiyatuna : Jurnal Bahasa Arab     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Ciencias de la Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arrancada     Open Access  
Ars Educandi     Open Access  
Art Design & Communication in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Art Education     Hybrid Journal  
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Arts Education Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artseduca : Revista electrónica de educación en las ARTES     Open Access  
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Asia-Pacific Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Association of Open Universities Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Distance Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of English Language Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ASp     Open Access  
Assessing Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 126)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
At-Ta'dib Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
ATENA Didaktik     Open Access  
Athenea Digital     Open Access  
ATIKAN : Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan (Journal of Educational Studies)     Open Access  
Aula Abierta     Open Access  
Aula de Encuentro     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Australasian Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Journal of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Australian Journal of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Australian Journal of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Dyslexia and Other Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 214)
Australian Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Screen Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 157)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Baltic Journal of Career Education and Management     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Basastra : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
BC TEAL Journal     Open Access  
Becoming : Journal of the Georgia Middle School Association     Open Access  
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beijing International Review of Education     Full-text available via subscription  
BELAJEA : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
BELIA : Early Childhood Education Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Berkeley Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Beyond Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biblioteka i Edukacja     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Bioeduscience     Open Access  
Bioma : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal  
Biosaintifika : Journal of Biology & Biology Education     Open Access  
Biosfer : Jurnal Biologi dan Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Biosfer : Jurnal Tadris Biologi     Open Access  
BISE : Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Biuletyn Historii Wychowania     Open Access  
BMC Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Bordón : Revista de Pedagogía     Open Access  
British (Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris)     Open Access  
British Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 158)
British Journal of Educational Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 123)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
British Journal of Music Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Religious Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
British Journal of Special Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
British Journal of Visual Impairment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Brock Education : A Journal of Educational Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Buckingham Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin De L' Association Thaïlandaise Des Professeurs de Français     Open Access  
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física     Open Access  
Caderno de Educação     Open Access  
Caderno Intersaberes     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação     Open Access  
Cadernos de Estudos e Pesquisa na Educação Básica     Open Access  
Cadernos de Pesquisa em Educação     Open Access  
Cadmo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers de la recherche sur l'éducation et les savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakrawala Pendidikan     Open Access  
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

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Asian Education and Development Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.233
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2046-3162 - ISSN (Online) 2046-3170
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • The campaign strategies of the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy parties under
           the proportional representation system in Hong Kong before 2019

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Fung Chan
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the strategies employed by the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy camps in the proportional representation system which was used to universally elect a half of the seats in the Legislative Council (LegCo) of Hong Kong before 2019. It provides the consequences of proportional representation over the political sphere development after the handover. This research is based on the past election results and the interviews conducted with 18 LegCo members in 2018. This paper examines how the political parties split their lists in order to win more seats with the past electoral outcomes. Coupled with firsthand materials from interviews with the legislators, the most significant part of this article analyzes why the pro-Beijing camp performed better than the pro-democracy camp. It supplements the gap of current literature from the perspective of campaign strategies. This article also points out the Chinese authorities' miscalculation in the 1990s which resulted in the unintentional creation of fragmented politics and filibusters before 2019. This examines the development of campaign strategies of the pro-Beijing and pro-democracy camps, and it explains how the proportional representation caused the fragmented politics in Hong Kong.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-09-2021-0191
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Shortage of nurses in Hong Kong: the challenges ahead

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      Authors: Gigi Lam
      Abstract: The aging of a population poses significant challenges to healthcare, housing, social security and elderly care services. Active aging is promoted by the Hong Kong government but is compromised by a shortage of nurses, doctors and professional aides. This study aims to review the history of nursing education in Hong Kong, evaluate Hong Kong's nursing manpower policy with a macro–micro analysis based on sociological imagination and provide sound recommendations. This article analyzes the nursing shortage in Hong Kong. A comprehensive literature review was conducted, concerning the Hong Kong healthcare workforce and covering relevant government reports, consultation papers and articles from academic journals from 1943 to the present. The nursing shortage in Hong Kong can be understood from both absolute and relative terms. The total number of practicing nurses and fresh graduates registering through the four aforementioned pathways increased from 17,034 in 1996 to 61,295 in 2020 (growth rate of 74.4%), but it is predicted that there will be a shortage of 455, 1,383 and 1,669 nurses in 2020, 2025 and 2030, respectively. Moreover, Hong Kong had 8.2 nurses per 1,000 people in 2020. Although this rate exceeds those of China, South Korea and Singapore, it lags behind those of the USA and Australia as well as the international recommendation of nine nurses per 1,000 people. The nurse shortage has been further aggravated by an interaction between macro factors, including aging population, a lack of coherent and long-term nursing manpower policy (an analysis is based on a health policy triangle), numerous obstacles imposed on nurses from abroad and micro factors emanating from an interplay of push–pull factors among nurses. The proportion of the Hong Kong population aged 65 years or older was 18% in 2019. The availability of healthcare workers is essential for attaining optimal health outcomes for older adults. The high turnover rate of nurses in public hospitals negatively affects the provision of timely high-quality medical services in the dual-track medical system. Therefore, workforce projections should be made every three years. Such policy should rely primarily on local nurses trained both by University Grant Committee-funded institutions and by self-financed tertiary institutions. Foreign nurses should be a supplementary resource. The budget allocated to the public healthcare sector should be increased to improve remuneration, provide abundant training opportunities and improve working environment to retain nurses in public hospitals. Given that deep-seated problems surrounding the quantity and quality of nurses, the avenues for pursuing nursing degree education and the turnover rate of nurses in public hospitals remain unsolved, it is imperative to investigate how to alleviate the healthcare workforce shortage in Hong Kong.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2022-02-01
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-08-2021-0179
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • There is more than what meets the eye: university preparation for the
           socio-economic impact requirement in research assessment exercise 2020 in
           Hong Kong

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      Authors: Danling Li
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine how Hong Kong universities have responded to a newly included assessment element of socio-economic impact in a government-implemented research evaluation system – Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) 2020 – within the context of tightening audits and forceful knowledge economy objectives. This paper reports an institutional case study of the institutional-level response to the RAE 2020 impact requirement at a top-ranked comprehensive university in Hong Kong. A qualitative inquiry approach was adopted. The data sources mainly include university documents related to the RAE 2020 socio-economic impact policy, interview data with nine RAE-eligible academics at the case university, documents on the RAE exercises issued by the University Grants Committee (UGC) and field notes taken during the RAE information sessions. The institutionalisation process of the RAE socio-economic impact agenda could be considered as establishing an indicator-oriented reward and recognition regime for knowledge transfer and knowledge exchange (KT/KE). Overall, two major institutional strategies were identified in operating the RAE 2020 impact agenda at the case university: (1) launching various policy initiatives: driven by the RAE-defined socio-economic impact; (2) incorporating socio-economic impact into faculty evaluation: premised upon the 16 KT performance indicators laid down by the UGC. This article adds to the theoretical debate on the local reproduction of the global in studies of neoliberalism in higher education by describing a Hong Kong case study, supported by empirical data, of an actual university's responses to the newly included impact requirement in RAE 2020. More specifically, this study reveals that (1) the policy for socio-economic impact might be designed in a neutral or even benevolent manner, but has taken on a neoliberal and managerial dimension in its actual implementation; and (2) the neoliberal discourse underpinning the university's operation can be accounted for and explicated by the local factors embedded in the specific academic environment.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-07-2021-0164
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Changing brands and impacts on Las Vegas: messages for Asian gambling
           destinations

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      Authors: Lynn Marie Jamieson , Brandon Douglas Howell , Carlos Siu Lam
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to discover, qualitatively, periods of involvement in Las Vegas gambling marketing campaigns and analyze success factors that may be useful to other gambling destinations, particularly in the Asian market. The study was established to allow a two-pronged approach of semi-structured interviews and site analysis coupled with review of planning and marketing documents in Las Vegas, Nevada 1980–2000 era and ending with the 2019 branding approach. Results revealed degrees of success and rationales for changes in campaigns over a 40-year period. When analyzing market strategies, it became evident that many factors were involved decisions to visit Las Vegas, such as social, safety and security factors, as well as opportunities for recreation. Gaining access to top level executives proved challenging due to reluctance of subjects wanting to disclose business strategies. This study was unique in employing qualitative processes to elicit planning and marketing approaches and relative successes or failures from those involved in multi-property management. Further, analysis of documents over a wide time frame provided insight into the pitfalls and strengths associated with various campaigns.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-10-25
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-06-2021-0118
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Regulating Chinese education in colonial Macao: political struggle and the
           role of “the Chinese Educators' Association of Macau” (c. 1914–1949)
           

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      Authors: Hang Cheong
      Abstract: The study aims to trace the history of Chinese education in Macao in the first half of the 20th century, emphasizing macro- and meso-level political influences. The paper reviews published works including official documents, rare books, newspapers, etc. and provides a three-part analysis: first, discussion of the colonial Government's education policy during the early 20th century and the establishment of the Chinese Educators' Association of Macau (CEAM); second, contextualization of the major upset and change in educational policy during the Sino-Japanese War (World War II in Asia); and third, considering the reinstatement of laissez-faire education policies regarding Macao's Chinese community and the CEAM's shifting political loyalties in the post-war period. The colonial Government created a vacuum into which both the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) muscled, seeking to manipulate education from across the border via control of the CEAM. Mainland China's shifting political landscapes thus significantly altered the political orientation of the CEAM, especially around 1949. Soon afterward, various Catholic and other schools withdrew from the CEAM, primarily separating Chinese schools in Macao into blue (Catholic et al.) and red (pro-CCP) camps. The paper reviews Macao Chinese education history from 1914 to 1949 while providing better comprehension of an analogous situation in neighboring Hong Kong.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-10-15
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-01-2021-0007
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The historical development of sinology in two Canadian universities: York
           University and the University of Guelph

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      Authors: Kenneth Lan
      Abstract: This paper gives a comparative analysis of the foundation of sinology in two Canadian universities. Despite not having diplomatic exchanges, Canada's new relationship with the People's Republic of China (PRC) ignited a China interest in the Canadian academe. Through York University and the University of Guelph (U of G)'s experiences, readers will learn the rewards and challenges that sinology brings to Canadian higher education. This paper offers an overview of the historical foundation of sinology in the Canadian academe. Who pushes through this process' What geopolitical developments triggered young and educated Canadians to learn about China' This paper assesses York and Guelph's process in introducing sinology by relying on university archival resources and personal interviews. Why was York University successful in its mission, which, in turn, made into a comprehensive East Asian Studies degree option in 1971' What obstacles did the U of G face that prohibited it from implementing China Studies successfully' After 1949, Canada took a friendlier relationship with the PRC than its neighbor in the south. As China–Canada relations unfolded, Canadian witnessed a dramatic state investment in higher education. The 1960s was a decade of unprecedented university expansion. In the process, sinology enjoyed its significant growth, and both York University and the U of G made their full use of this right timing. However, China Studies at the U of G did not take off. Besides its geolocation disadvantage, Guelph's top-down managerial style in the 1960s, which resulted in collegial disillusionment, was also a significant barrier to this program's success. Before the Internet age, universities were the first venues for most Canadians to acquire their initial academic knowledge of China. After the Second World War, sinology became popular among students as China became one of the world's “Big Fives”. More Canadians became romanticized with Maoism while opposing America's containment policy. York and Guelph exemplified this trend in Canadian history. Contrary to popular belief, historian Jerome Chen did not establish York's China Studies. Likewise, an ex-US diplomat John Melby did not bring China into Guelph, sinology arrived due to individual scholastic initiatives. Visionaries saw envisioned China's importance in the future world community.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-02-2021-0040
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Pre-primary education and Chinese language acquisition of ethnic minority
           students in Hong Kong: a multidisciplinary critical evaluation

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      Authors: Fozia Nazir Lone , Bonnie Wing-Yin Chow
      Abstract: This review study focuses on the framework for pre-primary education and language acquisition for non-Chinese-speaking students (NCS students) from ethnic minority families (EM families) in Hong Kong. This paper adopts a multidisciplinary perspective that involves both assessing the broader governing framework and researching their specific needs. In its overview of the significant changes made in recent years and an exploration of the gaps in the framework, with reference to other jurisdictions, along with input from developmental psychology as it relates to the issues faced by NCS students. This study contributes to the literature on how to shape further policies and reforms to optimize learning of NCS children in Hong Kong from a young age. This helps NCS students and families achieve their right to education and equal opportunities and schools to cater the needs of these students and families, which is essential to providing an enriched learning environment for our children regardless of their ethnicity. This study uses multidisciplinary approach to study pre-primary education and Chinese language acquisition of ethnic minority students in Hong Kong.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-08-10
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-04-2021-0081
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Rethinking free skilled labour migration policies in CLMV countries: a
           qualitative systematic review

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      Authors: Hanvedes Daovisan , Pimporn Phukrongpet , Thanapauge Chamaratana
      Abstract: There is an ongoing debate in the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blueprint 2015 concerning the skilled labour migration policy regimes. This review aims to systematise the free flow of skilled labour migration policies in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam (CLMV) countries. This review utilised a qualitative systematic in peer-reviewed journals for the period 2015–2019. The initial search identified 28,874 articles. Of those articles, 10,612 articles were screened, 738 articles were checked, 150 articles were selected and 18 articles met the criteria. Data were analysed using thematic synthesis (e.g. coding, categorisation, synthesis and summarisation). The review suggested that free movement from CLMV countries is the cause of the mass exodus of unskilled migration to high-income countries. The review found that the free flow of migration policy in the AEC Blueprint 2015 is associated with illegal, unauthorised and unskilled workers in the host country. A systematic review is qualitative in nature, in which the relevant existing literature lacks some empirical studies, and the results must be generalisable. The current systematic review provides a visual diagram for practical implications to isolate undocumented, illegal, unpermitted and unskilled migrant workers and further reduce the mass exodus of migration from CLMV countries. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first review to extend the literature to the macro-level determinants of free flow of skilled labour migration policies in CLMV countries. The present review seeks to inform the policy responses of moving freely between sending and receiving countries.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-08-05
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-07-2020-0161
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Teaching history in Japan and England: exchanging ideas and comparing
           knowledge

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      Authors: Matthew Fearns-Davies , Tsutomu Kubota , Fumina Tachibana , Yuko Kato , Ian Davies
      Abstract: This paper describes and discusses collaboration between history teachers in England and Japan. The purpose of this paper is to explore the ways in which history is taught in each country as a part of a general commitment to international collaboration and as a means by which we could explore the connection between history education and global citizenship education. The teachers created two lessons (one from England and one from Japan) about the Russian revolution. Both lessons were taught in each country. Data were gathered from students and teachers to aid reflections on the nature and outcome of the collaboration. The collaboration was very positive. Teachers and students were excited to work together and to experience different ways of learning about the past. There were different approaches to the ways in which knowledge was characterized in each country (teachers in England emphasizing contextually based historical interpretations; teachers in Japan emphasizing content and contextual knowledge). This work contributes to the limited amount of research that is currently available about professional collaboration between high school teachers and students of history in Japan and England. The arguments that are made about the opportunities for international collaboration in the context of different characterizations of pedagogical content knowledge contribute to a relatively unexplored field. The authors contribute to our understandings of the relationship between history education and global citizenship education.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-03-2021-0059
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Creating the digital citizen: students’ co-construction of meaning for
           global citizenship during online discussions

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      Authors: John P. Myers
      Abstract: This study examines whether online asynchronous discussion forums support student’s meaning-making about citizenship in a globalizing world. Citizenship is an increasingly contested identity for young people, yet they have few opportunities in traditional civic education to consider their own citizenship. Although online discussions are considered effective spaces for increasing dialogue and critical thinking between diverse students, there has been little research to understand how effective they are for helping students to construct new understandings of citizenship. A content analysis approach was used to analyze and code 89 discussion board posts. The Interaction Analysis Model (IAM) coding scheme was used to describe and analyze the quality of knowledge construction that occurred across the posts focusing on different aspects of global citizenship. The findings demonstrate that the discussion boards produced substantive talks about the meaning of citizenship that in some instances reached the level of new knowledge construction. The students considered different meanings for global citizenship and negotiated positions on key issues. However, the highest levels of knowledge construction were rarely reached. A major implication is the need to organize and cue discussion boards to support knowledge construction in addition to fostering dialogue. This study contributes to the role that technology can play in supporting students’ knowledge construction about global citizenship that go beyond the scripted meanings conveyed in civics classes.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-05-11
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-09-2020-0218
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Civics education in Malaysia: a clash between ethics, religion and
           cultural norms

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      Authors: Vishalache Balakrishnan
      Abstract: To showcase the importance of digital citizenship in the current era. This article compares the nine features of digital citizen provided by Ribble and Bailey (2007) with a case study conducted in a multicultural setting and identifies the tensions between ethics, religion and cultural norms in that environment. A case study approach has been used in this research. Why case study' Because it is unique and provides in-depth, unique and invaluable findings. Case studies researchers have contributed to the development of case study research from diverse disciplines. Historical examples of case studies go back as far as the nineteenth century with the biography of Charles Darwin (Stewart, 2014). The dominance of positivism in science in the late 1940 and 1950s in social science sidelined qualitative approaches such as case studies. Although case study research was often criticized for its inability to support generalizations, and thus, provided limited validity and value as a research design (Merriam, 2009; Stewart, 2014), case study research provides intensive analysis of an issue. A Case study is intrinsic, instrumental and collective (Stake, 1995, 2006). Case study research encourages the detailed enquiry of a unit of analysis within its context. Findings show that current society needs to be educated on the nine aspects of digital citizenship. In the current era, changes are so rapid that every now and then, there must be collaboration and cooperation between different agencies to ensure that the tension between religiosity, cultural norms and ethics would be able to find some common ground. With more knowledge and wisdom on human rights, sustainability education and project-based learning in Civics Education, teachers, students, parents and community should often meet to decide on controversial issues and find ways to ensure that each one in society has the knowledge, skills and values for digital citizenship to grow and flourish. The article is original in nature and has much social impact.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-05-11
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-09-2020-0225
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • How Korean universities portray themselves in the global marketplace:
           text-mining analysis of university president's messages

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      Authors: Soo Jeung Lee , Soowon Park
      Abstract: This study aims to examine university president's messages (PMs) on Korean university websites to analyze how Korean universities present their image and position themselves in the global marketplace. Assuming that visions, missions and strategies might vary depending on the characteristics of a university, the study analyzed PMs according to university type: research, teaching and technology. The authors applied text analysis to 105 Korean universities' PMs to understand the images they project. The authors also used text mining on the PMs to examine the frequencies of keywords, to create word clouds, to investigate the keywords' degrees of centrality and to conduct sentiment analysis. The findings show that Korean universities' PMs project hybrid images, simultaneously portraying the universities as public institutes that produce public goods and as globally competitive strategic actors. In addition, while Korean university PMs explicitly position the universities as education-oriented, they nonetheless reveal that the universities pursue both research-oriented and education-oriented goals. This is the study to examine PMs using text mining with Python to extract information and reveal hidden meanings regarding how universities portray themselves on their websites. Highlighting current challenges faced by universities, this article argues for continued discussion on their societal roles and their strategies for positioning themselves in today's globalized and marketized higher education environment.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-05-11
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-12-2020-0287
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Promoting digital citizenship education in junior secondary schools in
           Hong Kong: supporting schools in professional development and action
           research

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      Authors: Eric King-man Chong , Shun Shing Pao
      Abstract: This study investigated the effectiveness of a professional development project on digital citizenship education (DCE) conducted by a team at the Education University of Hong Kong. The project aimed to promote digital citizenship education in local junior secondary schools in Hong Kong and support the professional development of in-service teachers. This study was based on a departmental knowledge transfer and curriculum development project that provided professional development training workshops to in-service teachers from seven partner schools. This paper analyses some findings from the quantitative research questionnaires, lesson observations and qualitative interviews. Eleven of the 12 participants reported that they were satisfied with the training workshops in the end. We also conducted paired sample t-tests of inferential data. The results show that after the workshops, the teachers tended to teach their students more about aspects of digital law, digital commerce and digital safety and security when teaching digital citizenship. This selection helps us to better understand the priorities of teachers in teaching digital citizenship. This paper is the product of an original knowledge transfer and curriculum development project supported by the Education University of Hong Kong in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong SAR) of China. The topic of digital citizenship education has also been under developed since citizenship education has always been about conventional citizenship in the physical world.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-04-29
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-09-2020-0219
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • An empirical study of the impact of female labor participation on their
           subjective well-being in mainland China: evidence from CGSS data

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      Authors: Jiehua Lu , Jiawei Nie
      Abstract: Labor participation has always been a hot topic in academic circle and a vital label in the process of China's economic and social development. Therefore, the purpose this paper is to use CGSS 2015 data, starting from labor participation, and make a comparably comprehensive analysis of the influencing factors of subjective well-being of females. By conducting probit regressions, the paper reveals the impact of labor participation and socio-demographic conditions on the subjective well-being of females in Mainland China. First, the authors’ findings turn out that urban women do have a higher level of women's subjective well-being when compared to rural women. Second, educational attainment has a significantly positive effect on subjective well-being only in urban areas, while having teen children is only statistically significant for rural residents. Third, the overall impact of employment conditions on women's subjective well-being is reduced due to the transition of gender conceptions. In all, the evaluation of subjective well-being of females is reshaped by the overwhelming transition of society in Mainland China. There remain some limitations of this study. First, because CGSS 2015 data are the only data analyzed here, it is hard and inaccurate to compare the differences between this result and previous outcomes conducted by other scholars using CGSS 2005, 2010 and 2013 data. Second, the categories of employment conditions are not detailed, and thus it adds burden to further analysis. For future studies, a wider range of data should be taken into account and provide data support to have a convincing comparison at different times. The social background of diverse employment conditions could be discussed in-depth as well. Based on the early literature, this paper is intended to use Chinese data to study the major factors affecting Chinese female labor participation in Mainland China and also discuss the implications in practice.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-02-05
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-08-2020-0194
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The relationship between university teachers' self-evaluation of online
           teaching and their background: based on the survey of 334 Chinese
           universities

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      Authors: Wei Wu , Rui Yao , Zuoxu Xie
      Abstract: This paper aims to take Chinese university teachers as the research objects to examine their self-evaluation of online teaching and analyze the main factors influencing their evaluation during COVID-19. According to the theory of educational ecology, the factors influencing teachers' self-evaluation of online teaching in this paper include university background, courses background and teachers' personal background from the macro- to micro-levels. Through exploratory factor analysis, independent sample T-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), the self-evaluation of online teaching of 13,997 teachers from 334 universities and their relationship with teachers' background have been subject to data statistics and analysis. Teachers' self-evaluation of online teaching mainly includes three dimensions: online teaching methods, online teacher–student interaction and online teaching techniques. There are significant differences in these three dimensions among teachers with different background characteristics, including regions, the types of universities, the nature of universities in macro background levels, the types and numbers of online courses in meso background levels, and the gender, years of teaching, professional titles and disciplines in micro background levels. To improve teachers' self-evaluation of online teaching, it is suggested to build an online teaching self-evaluation system for teachers, strengthen university support and guarantee, strengthen online teaching training and improve the information accomplishments of teachers. This large-scale empirical survey of online teaching evaluation of Chinese teachers can provide scholars with a deeper understanding of the implementation of online teaching in China and the self-evaluation of online teaching by teachers.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-01-25
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-08-2020-0185
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Gender characteristics and labor market of Macao: insight from the gaming
           sector classification

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      Authors: Chi Chong Tang
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of gender characteristics in the labor market of Macao and in gaming companies' employee-selection process. The paper uses logistic regression to test the statistical significance of gender characteristics in the labor market and the employee-selection process, while data are drawn from the Statistics and Census Service of Macao. The marginal effects of gender characteristics on the probability of working in the gaming sector and non-gaming sector are calculated for practical significance. Gender characteristics are statistically significant in the labor market. For the age groups of 45–54 and 55–64 years, females with educational attainment (senior secondary or below) tend to have a higher probability of working in the gaming industry, while for the young age groups of 25–34 and 35–44 years, the impact of gender characteristics tends to be much smaller, suggesting that gender inequality is less severe in young age groups. This can be explained by the change in focus of the gaming industry from the traditional gaming component in the past to non-gaming components in recent years. This paper is intended to give information about the impact of gender characteristics on the labor market of Macao, after controlling for age and educational attainment. Scholars may utilize the insights from this paper to make comparisons between different economies and Macao and investigate whether the findings related to gender characteristics are consistent.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-01-19
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-02-2020-0034
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Spiritual and mental health of teenagers in Hong Kong and in mainland
           China under the impact of COVID-19

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      Authors: Chi Hung Leung , Yan Mu
      Abstract: The rates of emotional distress have risen in many countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study assessed the emotional distress of adolescents and young adults in Hong Kong and mainland China in the first year of the pandemic and tested whether spirituality was a protective factor against this emotional distress. Cross-sectional data were collected in two samples of students aged 17–25 in Hong Kong (N = 503) and 13–20 in mainland China (N = 649). Participants completed the Spiritual Health and Life Orientation Measure (SHALOM) to evaluate their spiritual health (personal-communal, environmental and transcendental domains) and the short form of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) to assess their emotional distress. Based on the DASS-21 scores, there was a high rate of adolescents and young adults categorized as showing extremely severe symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in both Hong Kong and mainland China. Structural equation modeling showed that in both the Hong Kong and mainland China samples the personal and communal and environmental domains of spiritual health were significantly and negatively correlated with all three forms of emotional distress. However, transcendental spiritual health was uncorrelated with psychological distress in Hong Kong and positively correlated with psychological distress in mainland China. The high rate of severe emotional distress in this sample of adolescents and young adults under COVID-19, and the fact that not all aspects of spiritual health protected again psychological distress are cause for concern, with implications for government, education systems and students. Healthy spirituality can be found among youths who are upbeat, self-confident, optimistic and constructive and have also been shown to have a higher quality of life in the form of mental, physical and psychological health. The present study is the first study to examine the spiritual and mental health of high school and university students under the impact of COVID-19 in mainland China and in Hong Kong.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-09-14
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-04-2021-0076
      Issue No: Vol. 11 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Risk factors for the rice crop farming community in China: a documentary
           analysis of the challenges during post COVID-19

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      Authors: Ahsan Niaz , Muhammad Mujtaba Asad , Amir. A. Abdulmuhsin , Musa Shavanov , Prathamesh Churi
      Abstract: Pandemics always have an impact on everything; for wildlife it is somehow positive and for human health and safety it is negative. But yet there is not any critique on its impact on the agriculture sector and farmer community. The world is not aware of the hazards which will be caused by crop loss. On the globe the largest country by population is China, where natives in China consume rice as staple food. In past few years, it was among the highest rice producing and consuming countries. Rice is planted in February to May mostly in China, and rice crop production is strongly dependent on preplanting activates which farmers are unable to perform because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread and the need to follow safety measures. So, the purpose of this documentary analysis is to indicate the impact of coronavirus disease on the agricultural sector in China specifically for rice production. In this article, a documentary analysis approach has been utilized. Moreover, due to the new and latest issue, not much research has been published in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic impact on the agriculture industry in China. Whereas, several online reports and expert reviews have been reviewed which have been published in online platforms and blogs websites. A total of 45 resources (journal articles, expert reviews) have been downloaded from reputed databases such as Scopus and Web of Science, out of which 31 of them were more relevant and related to the context of study. The outcome based on this study has indicated that the rice cultivators and farmers are in uncertainty and not comfortable to work in their fields without proper safety measures due to the pandemic situation which will badly affect their lives and the economy of the country. Therefore, this study suggests that to overcome this issue, a proper safety framework is needed to be developed which can be implemented and which can facilitate the rice farming community. Agriculture is important in so many ways including providing employment to the bulk of the population and providing the basic necessity of life and also contributing to the national economy. The outcome of this study will facilitate the agricultural scientist, economist and seasonal crop production stakeholders to indicate the most problematic domain and upcoming challenges faced by the rice farming community in China due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This is the first documentary analysis which is addressing the current issues due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the agriculture industry and specifically in the rice cultivation and producing community safety concerns and issues in China which is the first and most affected nation due to the coronavirus.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-09-13
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-11-2020-0257
      Issue No: Vol. 11 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Sacrificing mackerel for sustainability: case study of a local cultural
           festival in northeastern Taiwan

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      Authors: Ying-Ching Wu
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to describe how people in a coastal community act upon anxieties about overexploitation of a shared resource and their attempts to ease the moral tension caused by the rapid industrialization of their fishery. This anthropological study contributes to the cross-disciplinary discussion of community-based resource management. The study is based on ethnographic fieldwork done at the Nanfang'ao port located in northeastern Taiwan. This port has several prosperous offshore fisheries including a mackerel fishery. The mackerel fishery has undergone important transformations in recent decades. The first was a total transformation of fishing methods in 2013. The second was the government's formulation of the “Regulations for Fishing Vessels Catching Mackerels and Jacks,” implemented in 2014. This research illustrates how people in a community take various approaches to pursue sustainability for the human beings and the more-than-human world. In Nanfang'ao port, local people have developed a meaningful cultural festival through the integration of various symbols and rituals from different contexts in an effort to call attention to moral issues associated with the mackerel fishery. This research contributes to the discussion on community resource management of marine fishery.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-06-24
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-12-2020-0270
      Issue No: Vol. 11 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Students' readiness for e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic in a
           South-East Asian university: a Rasch analysis

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      Authors: Donnie Adams , Kee Man Chuah , Bambang Sumintono , Ahmed Mohamed
      Abstract: Universities have shifted from face-to-face learning environments to e-learning in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the sudden change to online teaching has raised concerns among lecturers about students' readiness for e-learning. This study investigates students' readiness for e-learning during the COVID-19 pandemic and specifically assesses any significant differences between students' gender, age, ethnicity, level of education, field of study and their readiness for an e-learning environment. The study employed a non-experimental quantitative research design. Data were gathered from a sample of 298 undergraduate and 101 postgraduate students. WINSTEPS Rasch model measurement software was used to determine the reliability and validity of the research instrument. Descriptive, inferential statistics and differential item functioning (DIF) test were used to assess students' readiness for an e-learning mode of instruction with the latter specifically analysing students' demographic factors and their readiness for an e-learning environment. Findings identified that most students are ready for an e-learning mode of instruction. Further analysis indicated that there were differences in students' readiness for e-learning based on their demographic profiles. This study provides insights on students' readiness towards e-learning, discusses implications for e-learning practices in higher education institutions during the COVID-19 pandemic and offers recommendations for future research. This study provides evidences of students' readiness for e-learning in respect to their gender, age, ethnicity, level of education and field of study. This information could help lecturers to reflect on their own teaching practices, adjust their teaching approaches and subsequently, develop appropriate e-learning methods that best suit the student diversity in their classrooms.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-05-19
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-05-2020-0100
      Issue No: Vol. 11 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Online teaching benefits and challenges during pandemic COVID-19: a
           comparative study of Pakistan and Indonesia

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      Authors: Sahib Khatoon Thaheem , Mohamad Jafre Zainol Abidin , Quratulain Mirza , Habib Ullah Pathan
      Abstract: The shift from physical class to online classes in the pandemic COVID-19 situation has posited opportunities as well as challenges for teachers and students. The primary purpose of this research is to investigate challenges faced and benefits availed by the teachers at the tertiary level in universities of Pakistan and Indonesia. To achieve the purpose a mixed-method approach is employed to answer the three research questions of the present study. The quantitative data is obtained from the responses of 66 teachers, teaching online in Mehran UET Pakistan and 102 teachers from Indonesian university. The personal, technological, and pedagogical challenges were analyzed by descriptive statistics on SPSS. Thus, the independent-samples t-test was run to test for statistically significant differences faced by teachers in both countries. The findings revealed that there were no statistically significant differences found in personal, and pedagogical challenges faced by both countries' teachers, whereas there is a significant difference in facing technological challenges between Pakistani and Indonesian teachers. The benefits of online teaching were investigated qualitatively by conducting semi-structured interviews with 10 teachers 5 from each country. There are very positive aspects of online teaching revealed in the interviews. The paper includes implications for the development of Computer Assisted Language Learning, the development of technology integrated courses, and for managing the balance between physical and online classes. The findings of the study have implications on finding out the solutions of the derived challenges, further it suggests to concentrate on students of public and private universities in Pakistan and Indonesia so that a comparison of challenges faced by teachers and faced by students can be researched and evaluated and it can generate significantly different results. The implications on the research society and the teachers and designers' communities are very clear in this research because it paves the way forward towards the blending of technology in any way either synchronously/ asynchronously into education, further researches can be done on designing the new concepts, courses, instructional platforms for students and investigate the new dimensions and effects of them. Findings have value, because two countries' context (developing countries) with respect to the comparison of the challenges and benefits is better understood, it would have different results if had done in the developed countries.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-03-25
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-08-2020-0189
      Issue No: Vol. 11 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Development of distance education in Chinese higher education in
           perspectives of accessibility, quality and equity under COVID-19

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      Authors: Ying Chen , Angela Yung Chi Hou , Lei Huang
      Abstract: This paper aimed to explore the development of distance education (DE) in Chinese higher education as well as the three significant themes: accessibility, quality and equity in Chinese DE and the performance of these three themes in Chinese DE. Document analysis was used as the major research method in this study to examine the development and challenges in terms of accessibility, quality and equity in Chinese DE. In this study, national-level official policy documents and reports from the Chinese government were collected and analyzed. Also, scientific articles from CNKI were analyzed to find out the evolution of the Frontier topics on Chinese DE in accessibility, quality and equity. There are three major findings. First, the Chinese government has shown its positive attitude toward DE in higher education. Second, compared with the other two themes: quality and equity; the number of articles in the accessibility of DE was lower than the other two themes and the problems of accessing online courses were insufficiently caused by two reasons due to lack of basic ICT literacy and poor Internet infrastructure. Third, there was a gap between Chinese policies and research articles mainly because of the unbalanced development of accessibility in policy management and research articles. Although this paper has summarized the development of the DE in Chinese higher education, it was clear that accessibility, quality and equity were three critical issues in DE. However, there are still other essential factors that contribute to the development of DE that requires further investigation, such as learner satisfaction, different features of learning platforms and instructional strategy. The findings of this paper can be used to identify the attitude toward the DE of the Chinese government. Besides, the accessibility could be a research and practical focus for Chinese DE in the future. This study showed some significant policies released by the Chinese government toward DE in higher education and revealed the achievements, trends and challenges in the accessibility, quality and equity of Chinese DE.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-02-19
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-05-2020-0118
      Issue No: Vol. 11 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Adherence to quarantine protocols to prevent the spread of COVID-19: the
           mediating effect of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations

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      Authors: Luz Suplico-Jeong , Reynaldo Altillo Bautista Jr , Nelson Borrega Guillen Jr , Noel Sajid Murad
      Abstract: Iloilo province was singled out as a model province in the Philippines because of its ability to prevent the spread of COVID-19. This study aims to examine the factors that influenced Iloilo residents' adherence to quarantine protocols. A total of 334 Iloilo residents joined the survey. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB), the results suggest a significant impact of attitude on adherence to quarantine protocols, while subjective norm, self-efficacy and controllability were not significant. This study suggests that attitude predicts adherence to quarantine protocols. Further, the results showed that intrinsic motivation mediated the relationship between (1) attitude and adherence to quarantine protocols and (2) subjective norm and adherence to quarantine protocols. This implies that intrinsic motivation such as staying alive can encourage a resident to adhere to quarantine protocols. Subsequent research should also consider how to mitigate the effects of similar public health crises in the future. The study implies that intrinsic motivation such as staying alive can encourage a resident to follow quarantine protocol given this pandemic. Health campaigns can lead to a more favorable attitude toward quarantine protocols adherence. Given the value of subjective norm, campaigns can also frame quarantine protocols adherence as socially responsible behavior. This can be used to target provinces with the highest risk of infection within the population. These insights can be used by local government units (LGUs), media and other stakeholders to encourage residents to adhere to quarantine protocols. This study provides insights that can be used by the LGUs, media and other stakeholders to encourage residents to follow quarantine protocols.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-01-20
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-05-2020-0122
      Issue No: Vol. 11 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Britain and Hong Kong: the 2019 protests and their aftermath

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      Authors: Tim Summers
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine British policy towards Hong Kong from the protests of 2019 through political controversies in 2020. The paper offers a foreign policy analysis based on a chronological account of the public interventions made by London from April 2019 to the passage of the national security law in the middle of 2020. It discusses the factors which contributed to the UK's positions and looks in more detail at an issue which relates to the British colonial legacy: the status of British National (Overseas) passport holders. The paper argues that the UK's policy was influenced by a combination of factors: developments in Hong Kong, the implications of and perceptions about its historical position as the former colonial power, the growing influence of lobby groups in the UK and Hong Kong (especially in agenda setting), and (to a lesser extent) the UK's wider relations with China. In trying to balance these, British policy tended to be reactive rather than strategic. London generally took positions sympathetic to the protest movement and political opposition, characterised in the paper as “soft partisanship”, shifting to clear opposition to Beijing's approach when the National Security Law was announced. The paper helps to understand international policy towards Hong Kong. The paper offers the first account of British policy towards Hong Kong during this period and adds to the limited existing literature on the UK's Hong Kong policy over recent years. This case study sheds light on wider questions of international perceptions of developments in Hong Kong during a tumultuous period in the city's history and informs broader studies of foreign policymaking.
      Citation: Asian Education and Development Studies
      PubDate: 2021-01-07
      DOI: 10.1108/AEDS-09-2020-0205
      Issue No: Vol. 11 , No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Asian Education and Development Studies

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