Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 2346 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (24 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (10 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (38 journals)
    - EDUCATION (1996 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (140 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (42 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (14 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (40 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (38 journals)

EDUCATION (1996 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
#Tear : Revista de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
(Pensamiento), (palabra) y obra     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
21. Yüzyılda Eğitim Ve Toplum Eğitim Bilimleri Ve Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
21st Century Pedagogy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
ABDIMAS ALTRUIS : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Abdimas Toddopuli : Jurnal Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat     Open Access  
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Academic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Academy of Management Learning and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Acción y Reflexión Educativa     Open Access   (Followers: 116)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Científica : Ciências Humanas     Open Access  
Acta Didactica Norge     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Educationis Generalis     Open Access  
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Education     Open Access  
Action in Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Action Learning: Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201)
Actualidades Pedagógicas     Open Access  
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Administração Educacional     Open Access  
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 155)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Advanced Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Arts, Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Building Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in School Mental Health Promotion     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Africa Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
African Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Education and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ainedidaktiikka     Open Access  
AKSIOMATIK : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika     Open Access  
Al-Athfaal : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini     Open Access  
Al-Idarah : Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Al-Mudarris : Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Tadris : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Al-Tadzkiyyah : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access  
Alberta Journal of Educational Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alexandria : Revista de Educação em Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Alotrop     Open Access  
Alsic : Apprentissage des Langues et Systèmes d'Information et de Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Alteridad     Open Access  
Ambiente & Educação : Revista de Educação Ambiental     Open Access  
AMC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Annals of the Deaf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Distance Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 166)
American Journal of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
American Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ana Dili Eğitimi Dergisi / Journal of Mother Tongue Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anargya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio N – Educatio Nova     Open Access  
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Modern Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Antistasis : An Open Educational Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apertura. Revista de innovación educativa‏     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ápice : Revista de Educación Científica     Open Access  
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Measurement in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aprender     Open Access  
AR-RIAYAH : Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access  
Arabia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabiyat : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab dan Kebahasaaraban     Open Access  
Arabiyatuna : Jurnal Bahasa Arab     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Ciencias de la Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arrancada     Open Access  
Ars Educandi     Open Access  
Art Design & Communication in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Art Education     Hybrid Journal  
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Arts Education Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artseduca : Revista electrónica de educación en las ARTES     Open Access  
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Asia-Pacific Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Association of Open Universities Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Distance Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of English Language Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ASp     Open Access  
Assessing Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
At-Ta'dib Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
ATENA Didaktik     Open Access  
Athenea Digital     Open Access  
ATIKAN : Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan (Journal of Educational Studies)     Open Access  
Aula Abierta     Open Access  
Aula de Encuentro     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Australasian Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australasian Journal of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Australian Journal of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Australian Journal of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Dyslexia and Other Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australian Journal of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 218)
Australian Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Screen Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Baltic Journal of Career Education and Management     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Basastra : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
BC TEAL Journal     Open Access  
Becoming : Journal of the Georgia Middle School Association     Open Access  
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beijing International Review of Education     Full-text available via subscription  
BELAJEA : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
BELIA : Early Childhood Education Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Berkeley Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Beyond Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biblioteka i Edukacja     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Bioeduscience     Open Access  
Bioma : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi     Open Access  
Biomedical Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal  
Biosaintifika : Journal of Biology & Biology Education     Open Access  
Biosfer : Jurnal Biologi dan Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Biosfer : Jurnal Tadris Biologi     Open Access  
BISE : Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Biuletyn Historii Wychowania     Open Access  
BMC Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Bordón : Revista de Pedagogía     Open Access  
British (Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris)     Open Access  
British Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168)
British Journal of Educational Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 133)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
British Journal of Music Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
British Journal of Religious Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
British Journal of Special Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
British Journal of Visual Impairment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Brock Education : A Journal of Educational Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Buckingham Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin De L' Association Thaïlandaise Des Professeurs de Français     Open Access  
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física     Open Access  
Caderno de Educação     Open Access  
Caderno Intersaberes     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação     Open Access  
Cadernos de Estudos e Pesquisa na Educação Básica     Open Access  
Cadernos de Pesquisa em Educação     Open Access  
Cadmo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers de la recherche sur l'éducation et les savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cakrawala Pendidikan     Open Access  
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
British Journal of Visual Impairment
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.337
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 11  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0264-6196 - ISSN (Online) 1744-5809
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Touchscreen device size suitable for non-visual icon search by blind users

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Rei Asakura, Tetsuya Watanabe
      Pages: 472 - 484
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Volume 40, Issue 2, Page 472-484, May 2022.
      Blind smartphone users are on the rise and they need to know which device is easiest for them to use. To explore the optimal touchscreen size for devices used by the blind, we conducted an experiment in which 15 blind participants searched for target icons with four touchscreen devices ranging in size from 4 to 7.9 inches. We analyzed the search time, search strategies, and subjective evaluations and found that the 4.7-inch screen device produced the shortest search time and obtained the highest subjective rating among the four devices. These findings are consistent with those in a previous study with sighted participants. One interesting difference is that the blind participants in this study found the icons about 20% to 40% faster than the sighted participants. Another important finding is that the search strategy had a larger effect than the screen size on the search time. These findings are useful for blind people and their supporters at the stage of obtaining new smartphones and learning how to use them.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-05-05T07:10:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0264619621995862
      Issue No: Vol. 40, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Vision impairment: To register or not to register' That is the
           question

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Cirta Tooth, Peter Cackett
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      For patients to enjoy the benefits of vision impairment registration, they need to be certified by an ophthalmologist. There have been concerns about barriers and a lack of awareness of benefits and certification criteria among ophthalmologists leading to under-registration. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the certification process in terms of potential barriers, clinical decision-making, and understanding of current guidelines and registration benefits.Ophthalmologists completed a survey on understanding registration benefits and barriers for certification (n = 22) and a survey on clinical decision-making in certification (n = 21). Furthermore, visual function and registration data were collected at a hospital Low Vision Clinic in Edinburgh from all new referrals (n = 89) over a 4-month period from August to November 2020. Our study showed that the main barriers for vision impairment certification were insufficient awareness of registration benefits, uncertainty of when to certify, and a lack of time in clinic. Ophthalmologists were more confident about certification of ocular versus neurological visual impairment. In terms of clinical decision-making, the ophthalmologists’ survey placed most importance on visual-field assessments, followed by visual acuity. Very little importance was placed on contrast sensitivity. Our findings suggest that ophthalmologists would benefit from more education into the benefits of registration and more guidance when registering patients with neurological conditions affecting functional vision in particular. It may be beneficial to highlight the role of contrast sensitivity during the certification process to ophthalmologists.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-16T10:35:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221102833
       
  • Evaluating the usability of 3D thematic maps: A survey with visually
           impaired students

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      Authors: Alkistis Zacharigiorga-Sourdi, Margarita Kokla, Eleni Tomai
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      The pilot survey presented herein explores the possibilities given by three-dimensional (3D)-printed maps to students with visual impairment (VI) for learning the spatial distribution of geographic phenomena. The main research questions are: (a) whether students with VI can perceive two phenomena depicted on the same 3D-printed map and (b) whether they perform better when interacting with individual tactile maps for each spatial phenomenon than when interacting with a single 3D-printed map displaying the two spatial phenomena simultaneously. Our analysis indicates that 3D-printed maps can be a valuable alternative for the education of students with VI even when they represent two spatial phenomena simultaneously.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T12:28:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221099157
       
  • Assessing the impact of auditory media on Braille reading and writing
           skills: The case of elementary school students who are blind in Sudan

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      Authors: Hisham E Bilal Salih, Toshibumi Kakizawa
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      This study explores the impact of using auditory media in school curricula on the braille-related skills of students who are blind at a Sudanese school. Three sets of braille-related skills (6-dot braille writing, Arabic alphabet writing, and Arabic text reading) were used to evaluate and compare the students’ ability to read braille versus listening to text via audio media. The purpose of testing full cells of braille writing was to determine writing speed while that of testing braille writing of the Arabic alphabet was to examine students’ accuracy and proficiency in writing. Arabic text reading was tested to determine braille-reading speed. The three braille-related skills were evaluated for a total of 34 students in two groups (Group 1: grades 3 and 4; Group 2: grades 5–8), but the listening speed test was only administered to the second group. T-tests were used to compare the results for the braille-related tests with those for the listening speed test to determine whether braille-related skills were affected by the use of auditory media when accessing school curricula in the early grades of elementary school. The statistical results indicated there were significant differences between the two groups in 6-dot writing and Arabic text reading, whereas there was no significant difference in Arabic alphabet writing. As mastery of braille is an integrated process that requires instruction towards the parallel development of all braille-related skills, the ratio of instructional time devoted to listening compared to that devoted to braille may require adjustment.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T12:26:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221099156
       
  • Identifying psychosocial challenges and introducing coping strategies for
           people with albinism

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      Authors: Mahya Zamani Varkaneh, Anahita Khodabakhshi-Koolaee, Mohammad Reza Sheikhi
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Albinism refers to a group of genetic disorders that, following genetic mutations, lead to impaired melanin production, resulting in skin allergies and visual impairment in affected people. Visual impairment brings not only physical limitations and challenges but also many social problems, including psychosocial challenges, leading to different experiences in the lives of these people. To this end, using a qualitative content analysis approach, the present study aimed to identify psychosocial challenges and introduce coping strategies for people with albinism living in Tehran in 2021. The participants were people with albinism aged 20 to 40 years in Tehran. The participants were selected from among members of the Iranian Albinism Association (AMAL) using purposive sampling. The data were saturated through semi-structured interviews with 20 participants in the research sample. The collected data were analyzed using conventional content analysis. Analysis of the participants’ experiences revealed three main themes: (1) The challenges and difficulties of living with albinism, (2) welfare, specialized facilities, and support seeking, and (3) strategies for coping with psychosocial challenges. According to the findings, albinism, due to its limitations, brings many bitter and painful experiences in education, job finding, and marriage for affected patients. The condition is also associated with some limitations such as visual impairment affecting various aspects of the patient’s life and different developmental periods. Each person may have different interpretations of their challenges and thus seek unique strategies for coping with the challenges. The findings of this study can have some implications for mental health professionals and managers of relevant institutions and to become aware of the nature and complications of albinism, the challenges faced by people with albinism, and the special needs of these people. Findings from this study can be used to identify the relationship between albinism, the challenges of living with albinism, and the special needs of these individuals, by mental health professionals, related institutions, and psychosocial environments.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T12:24:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221099155
       
  • Smart traffic lights for people with visual impairments: A literature
           overview and a proposed implementation

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      Authors: Paraskevi Theodorou, Apostolos Meliones, Costas Filios
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Attempting to establish aids for individuals who are visually impaired has urged many cities to seek solutions for improving their quality of life. Namely, cities have installed sound-emitting devices into traffic lights as well as sidewalks that assist their navigation. Moreover, as cities are always striving to move forward and achieve innovations concerning navigation for disabled individuals, smart traffic lights, capable of synchronizing in real-time according to traffic and individual mobility conditions, are already being installed around the world. This is in line with the adoption of the smart city concept, which involves a set of methodologies and indicators that regulate how cities perform regarding the promotion of citizens’ quality of life. Another important principle is the techno-economic aspect indicating the need for low-cost careful planning to produce cost-efficient solutions, while additional important issues are maintenance, power efficiency, and the means to coordinate numerous devices to facilitate operation in a timely and reliable manner. In this article, we present an overview of the existing solutions for the navigation of people who are blind and visually impaired along with a requirement analysis performed on the feedback received from interviews with members of the Lighthouse for the Blind of Greece both of which lead to the proposal of a new implementation that pushes the state of the art.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T12:21:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221099154
       
  • Oral health and knowledge of sighted children and children with visual
           impairment and their parents’ role in it: A comparative study

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      Authors: Soraia Ramos Cunha, Maria de Fátima Bizarra
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Aim:The present study aims to evaluate oral health knowledge and habits of children with visual impairment by comparison with their sighted counterparts and also evaluates parental knowledge and involvement in children’s oral hygiene routines.Methods:This observational and transversal study included the participation of 68 children (34 were visually impaired and 34 were sighted), from seven schools from Lisbon. The participants with visual impairment were age and gender-matched with their sighted counterparts to minimize variations in the analysis. In all, 52.9% of children were male, with average age of 11.15 (±3.413) years [6; 18]. The children and parents completed one survey each. Children were submitted to an oral examination to evaluate oral health.Results:Participants with visual impairment showed a non-significant increase in the decayed, missing, and filled teeth index (dmft), gingival, and oral hygiene indexes. Both groups’ gingival state was mostly classified as excellent, and oral hygiene was mainly classified as excellent/good. More children with visual impairment (85.7%) needed help with teeth brushing (p = .046) and were more likely to miss dentist check-ups more often (p = .025). Also, sighted children and their parents demonstrated more knowledge about oral health.Conclusion:Children with visual impairment and their parents showed less favorable results, justifying the need to promote oral health education to this demographic.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T12:19:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221099152
       
  • Physical activity and functional body image in youth with and without
           visual impairments

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      Authors: Katriana Belknap, Melanie Perreault, Lauren Lieberman, Pamela Beach
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Recent research has found a positive relationship between functional body image and physical activity in typically developing youth; however, functional body image has not been studied in youth with visual impairments. Youth with visual impairments tend to have a lower body image and engage in less physical activity than their sighted peers. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in functional body image between youth with and without visual impairments and the relationship between functional body image and physical activity in youth with visual impairments. Twenty youth with visual impairments and 20 youth without disabilities completed the embodied image scale and the organized sport (OS) and active physical recreation (AR) activity categories of the Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment, which measures five dimensions of activity participation. Mann–Whitney U tests revealed that participants with visual impairments had lower functional satisfaction (p = .006) and marginally lower functional investment (p = .059) than participants without disabilities. The correlation analysis revealed several significant positive relationships: functional values with AR where (r = .472), functional satisfaction with AR intensity (r = .459) and AR enjoyment (r = .501), and functional investment with AR (r = .554) and OS enjoyment (r = .655). There were significant negative relationships between functional investment and AR diversity (r = −.475) and intensity (r = −.501). This suggests that youth with visual impairments have lower satisfaction and investment in their functional body image; however, those who enjoyed OS and AR activities tended to be more satisfied and invest more in their functional body image.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-08T04:25:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221099151
       
  • Prevalence, causes, and impact of self-reported vision impairment among
           older people in China: Findings from the China health and retirement
           longitudinal study

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      Authors: Ali Sohail, Jinfeng Du, Babar Nawaz Abbasi, Adebukola Kabir Taiwo
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigated the prevalence, causes, and impact of self-reported vision impairment among older people in China. A total of 12,910 participants aged ⩾50 years were included in this study from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) over the periods of 2011, 2013, and 2015. All data were reported by participants via a self-reported questionnaire. Distance vision was assessed by asking if they could see the face of a person on the other side of the street. Near vision was assessed by asking if they could read ordinary newspaper. Depressive symptoms were evaluated by 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. The analysis method included the χ2 – square distribution test and multiple regression analysis. This article first found that prevalence of self-reported vision impairment was much higher in rural than in urban areas; in urban areas, females had a greater chance of being affected than males, and for both sexes, it increases with increasing age. Second, some factors found are significantly associated with increased vision impairment rates, include increasing age, female gender, rural residents, elementary-level education, unmarried individuals, and non-agricultural occupations. Third, the leading cause of vision impairment was a refractive error and the most common causes of vision impairment include cataracts and glaucoma. Fourth, vision impairment was significantly associated with falls and depressive symptoms and has a negative effect on the quality of life of older Chinese. The article concluded that older people with self-reported vision impairment were relatively low and it is majorly caused by refractive error. Older people with distance vision impairment and near vision impairment were more likely to report falls and depressive symptoms in the future. In line with these findings, a couple of policy recommendations for further research were made.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-06T09:09:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221099160
       
  • Long-term trends in incidence and prevalence of severe sight impairment
           due to diabetes in South East Scotland before and after implementation of
           diabetic retinopathy screening

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      Authors: Martin J Anderson, David J Chinn, Caroline J Styles
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      The study set out to examine the impact of the introduction of a national diabetic retinopathy screening programme in Scotland in 2006 on incidence and trends in severe sight impairment (SSI) certification due to diabetes over three decades.We analysed SSI certification due to diabetic eye disease in Fife, Scotland, between 2010 and 2019 and compared it to previously published estimates from 1990 onwards. Population estimates of the general population and those with diabetes were obtained from the National Records of Scotland and the National Diabetes Register, NHS SCI Diabetes, respectively. Mean annual incidence of SSI in the population with diabetes, 1990–2019, before and after the introduction of diabetic retinopathy screening was compared using a Mann–Whitney U Test.Mean incidence in 2007–2019 was 19.8/100,000 and was significantly less than the period before the systematic screening, 1990–2006 (57.5/100,000, p 
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-06-03T01:23:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221099147
       
  • Determining the genital hygiene behaviours of visually impaired women

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      Authors: Havva Özdemir, Ayşe Kılıç Uçar
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Genital hygiene is one of the most important factors in the protection of women’s reproductive health. Thus, detailed knowledge of the genital hygiene behaviours of visually impaired women is crucial for preventive and curative health services. This descriptive study was conducted to determine the genital hygiene behaviours of visually impaired women. The study was conducted with 90 visually impaired women who were members of the ‘Altı Nokta Körler’ association. A data collection form was developed within the scope of the study. The data were collected through the face-to-face interview method between October 2018 and June 2019. The results show that the ratios of women who think that self-care and genital hygiene behaviours are affected by their visual impairment are 18.9% and 21.1%, respectively. Of those who think that visual impairment affects their self-care, 76.5% need someone else to notice their lack of self-care, and the remaining women notice this lack through their bodily reactions, such as bad odours and dirt. It was found that more than half of the women (58.9%) had a vaginal shower only after sexual intercourse. Among women, 35.6% of them thought that visual impairment was an obstacle to gynaecological examination. The regular gynaecological examination rates of these women were only 8.9%. It was found that the majority of women (78.9%) experienced abnormal vaginal discharge, but only 23.9% applied to a health institution. Visually impaired women have similar deficient genital hygiene behaviours to non-disabled women. In addition, visually impaired women face difficulties in maintaining personal and genital hygiene and in receiving health services.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T05:37:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221091302
       
  • Individual differences in spontaneous facial expressions in people with
           visual impairment and blindness

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      Authors: Hyung Nam Kim, Sam Jotham Sutharson
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      People can visualize their spontaneous and voluntary emotions via facial expressions, which play a critical role in social interactions. However, less is known about mechanisms of spontaneous emotion expressions, especially in adults with visual impairment and blindness. Nineteen adults with visual impairment and blindness participated in interviews where the spontaneous facial expressions were observed and analyzed via the Facial Action Coding System (FACS). We found a set of Action Units, primarily engaged in expressing the spontaneous emotions, which were likely to be affected by participants’ different characteristics. The results of this study could serve as evidence to suggest that adults with visual impairment and blindness show individual differences in spontaneous facial expressions of emotions.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-04-12T10:56:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211070927
       
  • New Zealand O&M instructors’ perspectives about, and experience in, the
           use of tactile maps with people with vision impairment

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      Authors: Jill Baldwin, Nancy Higgins
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      This qualitative study explored the perspectives and experience of New Zealand O&M instructors in the use of tactile maps with people with vision impairment. In-depth, open-ended, and semi-structured interviews were used to gather information from four participants, who were qualified O&M instructors. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. Three inter-related themes emerged from the data that effected the O&M’s tactile map usage: (1) the tactile map and the O&M instructor, (2) student needs and experiences, and (3) time and resources. Microcapsule and thermoform maps were the least used map medium, with collage map techniques used frequently by half of the participants. The most preferred tactile maps were ready-made tactile map kits, and instructors drawing directly on the students’ hand or back. Tactile maps were used mostly by the participants to meet the orientation needs of motivated students, who were blind, had no visual memory, or did not use their vision for orientation purposes. Tactile maps were considered a vital orientation tool when the participants were teaching such students, and the participants did not believe Global Positioning System (GPS) applications would fully replace tactile maps. However, in general, the participants revealed that tactile maps were used infrequently as an orientation tool in New Zealand because of caseload makeup, limited time, and limited resources. In order to increase the use of tactile maps, tactile map resources may need to be more readily available. In addition, further research is needed about the characteristics of people with a vision impairment, who benefit from tactile maps, along with the effect of tactile maps usage on an O&M instructor’s caseload and time, so that O&M instructors can plan accordingly and people with a vision impairment can continue to benefit from this important orientation tool.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-04-05T09:30:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221088019
       
  • Characteristics of individual low-vision rehabilitation counseling among
           older adults: A qualitative 2-year follow-up study

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      Authors: Heidi Johanna Siira, Helvi Aulikki Kyngäs, Aura Aino Kaarina Falck
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Visual impairments (VI) burden particularly the aging population globally. To ensure healthy aging despite disability, the health care systems must provide effective low-vision rehabilitation services (LVR) for those in need. Low-vision rehabilitation counseling (LVRC) requires specialized multidisciplinary teamwork and has not been studied in detail among the elderly. This study aims to provide a comprehensive picture of individual LVRC actions and introduce a LVRC classification to use for attempts to improve the LVRC processes. This study employed a qualitative follow-up design. Data describing the individual LVRC processes in a prospective cohort of elderly patients with VI (n = 39) were collected individually over 2 years during the years 2016–2019. The data were analyzed through deductive content analysis. The analyzed LVRC provided assistive devices, services, and home modifications, but problems related to independent movement in the living environment, psychosocial burdens, adaptation to disability, and learning new compensatory skills received less attention. To ensure effective LVRC, the multiprofessional team providing the rehabilitation should emphasize goal-setting and continuous assessment. LVRC should be seen as a process of adaptation, adherence, and learning. LVRC should support and promote older adults to participate and function to their full potential in the modern society, which includes utilizing digital technologies.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-04-05T09:26:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221085852
       
  • Female gender: A significant barrier to access cataract surgery in rural
           Gurugram, Haryana, India

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      Authors: Neeraj Sharma, Chetna Sharma
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      The goal of this study is to determine whether the female gender is a barrier for the access to cataract surgery in the rural population of Gurugram district, Haryana, India.The data of consecutive 100 male and 100 female patients operated for cataract surgery at Department of Ophthalmology, University-affiliated hospital were studied. Data pertaining to age of the patients, visual acuity of the operated and better eye, maturity of the cataract at time of surgery, type of cataract surgery opted were analysed. Visual impairment was considered when visual acuity of the better eye was less than 6/18 (0.32).Two types of cataract surgery were offered to the patients: manual small-incision cataract surgery (SICS) and phacoemulsification. Independent t-tailed test was used to analyse data to ascertain female gender as a barrier to access cataract surgery.The findings indicate that the difference in age at the time of surgery between men and women was not statistically significant (p = .327). The analysis of visual impairment in the operated eye of men and women was also not statistically significant (p = .173). However, the analysis of visual impairment in the better eye was strongly suggestive of gender bias with statistically significant results (p = .001). In total, 71% male and 56% female patients opted for phacoemulsification surgery, whereas 44% women and 29% men chose less-expensive manual SICS surgery.The study indicates that females had severe visual impairment in the better eye at the time of surgery and also opted for a less-expensive option indicating less financial freedom and decision-making power.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-04-05T09:23:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221085848
       
  • Regular classroom teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs about inclusion of
           students with visual impairment in government secondary schools of Wolaita
           Zone

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      Authors: Paulos Dea, Sohayl Mohajer, Dawit Negassa
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      General education teachers’ self-efficacy is often identified as the main factor for the successful implementation of inclusion for students with visual impairment (SVI), yet limited research has been conducted in this area. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate the general education teachers’ self-efficacy toward including SVI in the government secondary schools of Wolaita Zone. In this study, a mixed-methods approach with convergent design was employed. The target population included teachers, SVI, and principals. The sample consisting of 440 participants was selected using purposive and multistage sampling techniques. Data were collected using questionnaire, semi-structured interview, and focus group discussion (FGD). One-sample t-test and thematic analysis were used for analyzing the quantitative and qualitative data, respectively. The findings revealed that, in general, teachers showed positive self-efficacy in student engagement, instructional strategies, and classroom management of inclusion for SVI.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-04-01T06:59:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221086201
       
  • The effects of balance and core stability training on postural control in
           people with visual impairment: A systematic review

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      Authors: Sarvin Salar, Mohammad Karimizadeh Ardakani, Lauren J Lieberman, Pamela S Beach, Melanie Perreault
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Visual impairment is one of the most common functional impairments that considerably affects the postural control process and the ability to maintain balance. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review concerning the effects of balance and core stability training on postural control in individuals who are visually impaired. This article comprehensively reviewed studies on balance in individuals who are blind from the following databases: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus from 2007 to 2021. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were people who were blind or visually impaired (acquired and congenital), men and women, all ages, and at least 6 weeks balance or core stability training program. Twelve articles were included in this review. Individuals with visual impairment and blindness from all ages were included in this study. According to this review, all balance and core stability protocols in this article have positive effects on balance and postural control for individuals with visual impairments. Therefore, balance and core stability intervention for at least 6 weeks is one of the more well-established protocols for improving balance and postural control in people with visual impairment and can have a positive impact in risk of falling regardless of age, gender, or severity of visual impairment.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-03-09T12:33:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221077215
       
  • Instructional strategies to support shared reading with learners who are
           deafblind

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      Authors: Christopher Brum, Susan M Bruce
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      The field of deafblindness has developed evidence-based practices in communication development and intervention, but very little research has been published on literacy. This study examined the survey responses of 84 participants from 25 states, and 10 follow-up interviews to learn more about emerging instructional ideas specific to shared story reading, also known as interactive reading. The thematic analysis resulted in eight themes and associated instructional strategies. Attentional and engagement strategies included unique considerations due to the impact of deafblindness on accessibility and meaning-making. Teachers, interveners, and parents used practices grounded in both the child-guided approach and systematic instructional approach. They shared vocabulary acquisition strategies, pointing to the link between vocabulary and comprehension. Drawing and writing strategies were used to create text and in extension activities. Touch and tactile strategies were used in preparing materials and during shared reading sessions. Participants applied a variety of comprehension strategies including repetition, prediction, and questioning. Across the survey and interview responses, it was evident that participants understood the role of integrating individually appropriate receptive and expressive communication modes/forms in shared reading activities.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-02-18T07:24:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196221077219
       
  • English language learners with visual impairments: An exploratory
           literature review

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      Authors: Jessica E Schultz, Mackenzie E Savaiano
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      English language learners with visual impairments (ELLVIs) are a low incidence population with unique learning needs. The purpose of this review was to identify the existing literature specifically examining ELLVIs. As no literature review examining ELLVIs could be located, this review synthesizes what we know about the population and provides a starting point for future research. The authors reviewed all titles found across four databases (n = 658 articles) and included only articles addressing English language learners with visual impairments in educational contexts. A total of 24 articles were included in the review. The following four themes emerged: assessment, family perceptions, teacher perceptions, and instructional strategies. Findings are discussed generally and by theme. Assessment reports revealed common accommodations for English language proficiency tests, but decision-making criteria for whether ELLVIs participated in assessments were unclear. Parent/guardian perceptions largely revealed dissatisfaction with school communication. Teacher perception studies revealed a need for more training and support. Common instructional strategies were identified by researchers and teachers in the field, but only one article examined instructional strategies experimentally. Therefore, there is limited evidence of the efficacy of any particular instructional strategy. Analyzing the research, the results show the majority has been conducted by the same research teams. More research needs to be conducted across all themes. Commonly accepted/validated assessment accommodations are discussed, allowing practitioners to identify which accommodations they might be able to implement. In addition, this review alerts practitioners to common parental concerns. This review also uncovers commonly used instructional strategies although these are not necessarily research based within the population. Commonly used instructional strategies are discussed, which, although not evidence-based, identifies potential areas for future research.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-02-09T04:37:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211070928
       
  • A scoping review of longitudinal studies of children with vision
           impairment

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      Authors: Carlijn Veldhorst, Mathijs Vervloed, Sabina Kef, Bert Steenbergen
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      In past comparative studies, children with vision impairment were often shown a developmental delay compared to sighted children in several developmental domains. Medical treatments of vision impairments and societal attitudes toward disabilities changed considerably. Besides, within the rehabilitation practices, a stronger integration of multiple perspectives and increased focus on social inclusion and participation in society is present. The main goal of this scoping review was to investigate what is known about the development in cognition, language and communication, motor, social–emotional, and adaptive skills development of children with vision impairment by longitudinal studies. Besides, the results of the past studies were related to a contemporary view on disability, the participation concept. This was done by applying the family of participation-related constructs (fPRC) framework to examine which factors were covered and which not. A systematic literature search was performed in Web of Science, PsycInfo, ERIC, and Medline. Studies were included if they have been published in peer-reviewed journals between 1994 and 2020 had a longitudinal design and examined the development of children with vision impairment with no additional impairments up to 18 years of age. From the 2698 identified studies, 32 studies were included. The most commonly assessed variables concerned cognition and language and communication development. To a lesser extent, studies examined adaptive skills, motor, and social–emotional development. The majority used vision status as a predictor variable for developmental outcomes. In terms of the fPRC framework, most studies included variables related to the factor activity competences. The factors preferences, sense of self, environment, and involvement were studied far less often. The review suggested a positive impact on developmental outcomes for including variables that can mediate the relation between vision status and developmental outcomes and variables that are related to the fPRC factors environment, sense of self, and preferences.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-01-25T12:24:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211072432
       
  • Accessible and engaging voices: Teaching English to adult second-language
           learners with visual impairment using WhatsApp voice notes in India

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      Authors: Karthika J, Veena Selvam
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      This case study explored the possibility of using WhatsApp voice notes to teach English to adult learners with visual impairment. The study has documented in detail the challenges and advantages of learning and teaching English through WhatsApp.In this case study, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected and integrated and analysed to understand feasibility of using WhatsApp to teach English to learners with visual impairment. Even though the case study was primarily qualitative, some quantitative data were also collected and analysed numerically. The numerical data were analysed using descriptive statistics and reported using numbers and in the form of tables and figures. Furthermore, non-numerical data were examined inductively and reported thematically.The advantage of using WhatsApp voice notes was that it provided a platform for the learners to converse in English and an opportunity to reflect on their own learning process and progress critically. It provided a collaborative learning experience independent of the conventional learning experience of a classroom. The study revealed that the learners with visual impairment were more engaged in the learning process and in improving their speaking skill when WhatsApp voice notes were used. The coding of messages and detailed analysis of message categories clearly revealed the social-emotional skills of each participant in the study. The message categories were adapted from Community of Inquiry Framework and message categories suggested by Naaman et al.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-01-25T12:21:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211070929
       
  • Relationship between the Children’s Visual Function Questionnaire and
           psychophysical measures of visual acuity and chromaticity discrimination
           in older visually impaired children

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      Authors: Marcia Caires Bestilleiro Lopes, Marcelo Fernandes Costa, Célia Regina Nakanami
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      The Children’s Visual Function Questionnaire (CVFQ) is an instrument to measure the impact of visual impairment in children and their families. It can be used as a research tool to verify the effectiveness of treatment, therapy, and different methods for visual stimulation and rehabilitation. The aim of this study is to describe the relationship between General Health, General Vision Health, Personality, Family Impact, and Treatment – subscales of the CVFQ and psychophysical measures of visual acuity (VA) and chromaticity discrimination (CV). This prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Sensory Psychophysiology Laboratory – University of São Paulo in partnership with the Ambulatory of Visual Stimulation in the Sector of Low Vision and Visual Rehabilitation – Federal University of São Paulo. The children who participated in this study were divided into two groups: study group (SG), composed of 11 children with a diagnosis of visual impairment and mean age of 55.36 months (SD = 16.88), and control group (CG), composed of 8 children with normal vision and mean age of 64.87 months (SD = 13.22). Both groups underwent the application of CVFQ, were tested for VA using the Teller Acuity Cards (TAC) test, and CV using the Cambridge Colour Test program for children (CCT Kids). The result of applying the CVFQ to groups of children over 3 years, comparing SG and CG, differences were observed in the following subscales: General Vision Health (F = 10.00, p < .001); Competence (F = 7.03, p = .030); Personality (F = 6.48, p = .010); Total Quality of Life (F = 11.39, p = .010). These differences show a worse score for the SG. In the VA test using TAC, the data collected in groups of children over 3 years, comparing SG and CG, differences were observed in VA RE (F = 19.25, p < .001); VA LE (F = 25.99, p < .001); VA BE (F = 15.45, p < .001). These differences show worse scores for the SG. In the CV using the CCT Kids, the data collected in groups of children over 3 years, comparing SG and CG, no statistically significant differences for protan, tritan, and deutan groups were observed. For the SG, while for children over 3 years, correlations were found for General Vision Health, Competence, Family Impact, and General Quality of Life. We conclude that there are statistically significant differences when comparing the SG with the CG for the visual function of visual acuity and chromaticity discrimination, and we also demonstrated the sensitivity in the use of CVFQ in reflect VA and CV impairments.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-01-22T10:26:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211068708
       
  • Experiences of stressful situations and mindfulness training for persons
           with visual impairment

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      Authors: May Britt Frøysa Lyngroth, Frøydis Gammelsæter
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      The aim of this study was to explore what persons with visual impairment (VI) experienced as stressful in their daily lives and their experiences with using mindfulness training (MT) to cope with stressful situations. In order to explore this we conducted semi-structured interviews with six persons with VI after finishing an 8-week MT course. Systematic text condensation was used to analyze the interviews. This qualitative study found that the participants described three main areas of stress: (1) lack of access to information, (2) social expectations, and (3) navigating the body through one’s surroundings. The participants’ experiences with using MT to cope with stressful situations resulted in emotion-based and problem-based strategies: (1) breathing anchor, (2) awareness of and reflection upon thoughts and feelings, (3) most things are doable, (4) tackling the situation in a new way, and (5) haste makes waste. Our respondents described using MT for coping with stressful situations in all the three main areas of stress. Based upon this study we propose that there is good reason to offer MT as stress management for persons with VI, but further study is required to confirm the health-promoting benefits of MT for this group.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-01-11T04:14:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211067361
       
  • Experiences of families involving a parent with progressive deafblindness

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      Authors: Saskia Damen, Ilse van Zadelhoff, Corrie Tijsseling
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Usher syndrome is a progressive form of deafblindness, which can have significant psychological consequences. This study aimed to get insight in the perceived impact of Usher syndrome type 2 (USH2) on families with a parent affected by this syndrome, and in the experiences of these families with social, professional, and peer support. Participants were 10 parents with USH2 living in the Netherlands, 10 of their co-parents, and 10 of their children. The parents filled in questionnaires and participated in a semi-structured interview. A photo-elicitation interview and a semi-structured interview were administered to the children. Interviews were transcribed and systematically coded, using thematic and open coding. Parents rated the family’s quality of life in general as satisfactory. Both negative and positive consequences were described of USH2 for the family. Parents without USH2 and their children stated to provide support to the parent with USH2, which was often described as self-evident. Some parents without USH2, however, described their family tasks as a burden. Some parents also reported that psychological problems of the parent with USH2 affected the well-being of other family members. Several parents and some children expressed that the syndrome was hardly discussed within the family. Unfulfilled family support needs were mentioned, a lack of involvement of family members in the professional support, as well as a lack of professional and peer support for children and partners. This study revealed that USH2 in a parent has impact on the entire family. Family-centred approaches are recommended for professionals who support parents with Usher syndrome.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T11:05:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211059751
       
  • A survey of mobile app use among university students with visual
           impairment in India

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      Authors: Yogendra Pandey, Jaehoon Lee, Devender R Banda, Nora Griffin-Shirley, The Nguyen, Vitalis Othuon
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      Mobile phones/devices are an important part of our daily lives for sighted people and those with visual impairment (VI) in India. This study explores how Indian university students use and perceive mobile apps and identify the challenges in their usage. A paper-based survey was administered for 124 college students who were legally blind. The survey had items relating to sociodemographic information, use of mobile devices and apps, and the use of apps specifically designed for persons with VI. Results show that, on average, the participants with VI have been using a mobile device for more than 5 years. Many participants used Android devices and free apps. In addition, they found that the mobile apps were user-friendly and accessible. Results also found that Facebook and WhatsApp are more frequently used. Participants had a high level of self-efficacy and positive attitudes toward special apps for VI. Android devices are popular in India because of lower cost compared to iOS devices. Results are discussed, and implications for practice are provided.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T09:01:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211067358
       
  • Access to exercise for people with visual impairments during the
           Coronavirus-19 pandemic

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      Authors: Mike Richardson, Karin Petrini, Michael J Proulx
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      People with blindness and visual impairments have reduced access to exercise compared to the general population during typical societal functioning. The Coronavirus-19 pandemic completely disrupted daily life for most individuals worldwide, and in the United Kingdom, a stay-at-home order was enforced. One of the sole reasons an individual could leave their home was for the purpose of daily exercise. Here, we examined how the UK national lockdown impacted access to exercise for people with blindness and visual impairment. We used a mixed methods design, collecting quantitative data from two established measures (the Exercise Barriers and Benefits Scale and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire), and qualitative data from open-ended questions. We found that, during the initial stages of the lockdown, perceived barriers to exercise increased compared to pre-pandemic levels, driven by factors, such as the closure of exercise facilities and additional difficulties posed by social distancing. Interestingly, during the later stages of the UK Coronavirus-19 response, perceived barriers decreased to lower than pre-pandemic levels. Thematic analysis indicated that this may have been due to participants finding new online methods to exercise at home, in combination with the tentative reopening of facilities.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T09:53:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211067356
       
  • Postural control and risk of falling in people who are blind: The effect
           and durability of perturbation and vestibular exercises

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      Authors: Yousof Moghadas Tabrizi, Mohammad Hani Mansori, Mohammad Karimizadeh Ardakani
      Abstract: British Journal of Visual Impairment, Ahead of Print.
      The aim of this study was to compare the effect and durability of perturbation and vestibular exercises on balance and the risk of falling in people with visual impairment (VI). Thirty-six men with VI were divided into three groups, including a control and two experimental (perturbation and vestibular) groups. The experimental groups performed perturbation and vestibular exercises for 4 weeks and three sessions per week. Biodex balance system was used to assess balance and falling risk before and after training interventions. To evaluate the effects within and between groups at three levels of measurement: pre-test, post-test, and durability effect between three groups, repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and one-way ANOVA were used. Repeated measures ANOVA test showed that both experimental groups showed significant improvements in static balance, dynamic balance, and falling risk. In comparison between the groups, the results showed that in the post-test and durability stages, there was a significant difference between the groups and the perturbation exercise group had a greater effect on the dependent variables. Due to the effectiveness of exercises, it is recommended that people with VI pay attention to balance-based perturbation exercises to strengthen the somatosensory system and vestibular exercises to strengthen the vestibular system.
      Citation: British Journal of Visual Impairment
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T09:51:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02646196211067355
       
 
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