Abstract: In this work, we study thermodynamics of generalized Ayon-Beato and Garcia (ABG) black hole metric which contains three parameters named as mass , magnetic charge , and dimensionless coupling constant of nonlinear electrodynamics interacting field . We showed that central regions of this black hole behaves as dS (AdS) vacuum space by setting and in the case reaches to a flat Minkowski space. In the large distances, this black hole behaves as a Reissner-Nordstrom BH. However, an important role of the charge appeared in the production of a formal variable cosmological parameter which will support pressure coordinate in the thermodynamic perspective of this black hole in our setup. We should point that this formal variable cosmological parameter is different with cosmological constant which comes from AdS/CFT correspondence, and it is effective at large distances as AdS space pressure. In our setup, the assumed pressure originated from the internal material of the black hole say and here. By calculating the Hawking temperature of this black hole, we obtain equation of state. Then, we plotted isothermal P-V curves and heat capacity at constant pressure. They show that the system participates in the small to large phase transition of the black hole or the Hawking-Page phase transition which is similar to the van der Waals phase transition in the ordinary thermodynamics systems. In fact in the Hawking-Page phase transition disequilibrium, evaporating generalized ABG black hole reaches to a vacuum AdS space finally. PubDate: Tue, 24 Jan 2023 01:35:01 +000

Abstract: A model of a particle in finite space is developed and the properties that the particle may possess under this model are studied. The possibility that particles attract each other due to their own wave nature is discussed. The assumption that the particles are spatially confined oscillations (SCO) in the medium is used. The relation between the SCO and the refractive index of the medium in the idealized universe is derived. Due to the plane wave constituents of SCOs, the presence of a refractive index field with a nonzero gradient causes the SCO to accelerate. The SCO locally changes the refractive index such that another SCO is accelerated towards it, and vice versa. It is concluded that the particles can attract each other due to their wave nature and an inverse-square-type acceleration emerges. The constant parameter in the inverse-square-type acceleration is used to compare with the gravitational constant , and the possibility of non inverse-square-type behavior is preliminary discussed. PubDate: Tue, 20 Dec 2022 14:20:01 +000

Abstract: We consider canonical/Weyl-Moyal type noncommutative (NC) spaces with rectilinear coordinates. Motivated by the analogy of the formalism of the quantum mechanical harmonic oscillator problem in quantum phase-space with that of the canonical-type NC 2-D space, and noting that the square of length in the latter case is analogous to the Hamiltonian in the former case, we arrive at the conclusion that the length and area are quantized in such an NC space, if the area is expressed entirely in terms of length. We extend our analysis to the 3-D case and formulate a ladder operator approach to the quantization of length in 3-D space. However, our method does not lend itself to the quantization of spacetime length in and Minkowski spacetimes if the noncommutativity between time and space is considered. If time is taken to commute with spatial coordinates and the noncommutativity is maintained only among the spatial coordinates in and dimensional spacetime, then the quantization of spatial length is possible in our approach. PubDate: Mon, 12 Dec 2022 08:20:02 +000

Abstract: We investigate the potential of the HL-LHC for discovering new physics effects via the same-sign top pair signatures. We focus on the semileptonic (electron and muon) decay of the top quarks and study the reach for a simplified model approach where top quark flavor changing could occur through a neutral scalar exchange. A relatively smaller background contribution and clean signature are the advantages of the leptonic decay mode of the same-sign bosons in the same-sign production processes of top quark pairs. Assuming the FCNC between top quark, up-type quark, and scalar boson from the new physics interactions, the branchings could be excluded of the order . We use angular observables of the same-sign lepton pairs and the top quark kinematics in the process which provide the possibility of separation of new physics signal from the SM backgrounds using machine-learning techniques. We find that the same-sign top quark pair production is quite capable of testing the top-Higgs FCNCs at the HL-LHC. PubDate: Fri, 25 Nov 2022 12:50:01 +000

Abstract: We construct supersymmetric dyon solutions based on the ‘t Hooft/Polyakov monopole. We show that these solutions satisfy -symmetry constraints and can therefore be generalized to supersymmetric solutions of type I string theory. After applying a -duality transformation to these solutions, we obtain two -branes connected by a wormhole, embedded in an -brane. We analyze the geometries of each -brane for two cases: one corresponding to a dyon with vanishing spin and the other corresponding to a magnetic monopole with nonvanishing spin. In the case of the vanishing spin, the scalar curvature is finite everywhere. In the case of the nonvanishing spin, we find a frame dragging effect due to the spin. We also find that the scalar curvature diverges along the spin quantization axis as , being the cylindrical, radial coordinate defined with respect to the spin axis. These solutions demonstrate the subtle relationship between the Yang-Mills and gravitational interactions, i.e., gauge/gravity duality. PubDate: Fri, 25 Nov 2022 12:35:01 +000

Abstract: The paper addresses the effects of the variations of the SUSY breaking scale in the range (2-14) TeV on the three neutrino masses and mixings, in running the renormalization group equations (RGEs) for different input values of high energy seesaw scale , and in both normal and inverted hierarchical neutrino mass models. The present investigation is a continuation of the earlier works based on the variation of scale. Two approaches are adopted one after another—bottom-up approach for running gauge and Yukawa couplings from low to high energy scale, followed by the top-down approach from high to low energy scale for running neutrino parameters defined at high energy scale, along with gauge and Yukawa couplings. A self-complementarity relation among three mixing angles is also employed in the analysis and it is found to be stable under radiative correction. Significant effect due to radiative corrections on neutrino parameters with the variation of SUSY breaking scale is observed. For comparison of the results, variation of for different is also considered. PubDate: Wed, 16 Nov 2022 03:05:04 +000

Abstract: In the present work, we have studied the differential scattering cross-section for ground states of charmonium and bottomonium in the frame work of the medium-modified form of quark-antiquark potential and Born approximation using the nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics approach. To reach this end, quasiparticle (QP) Debye mass depending upon baryonic chemical potential () and temperature has been employed, and hence the variation of differential scattering cross-section with baryonic chemical potential and temperature at fixed value of the scattering angle (=) has been studied. The variation of differential scattering cross-section with scattering angle (in degree) at fixed temperature and baryonic chemical potential has also been studied. We have also studied the effect of impact parameter and transverse momentum on differential scattering cross-section at . PubDate: Tue, 08 Nov 2022 15:05:01 +000

Abstract: The space available to our perception is three-dimensional with full evidence. The development of physics led to the hypothesis of extra dimensions. It is believed that an important role in the unification of physics should play by the Planck units of mass, length and time, built on the universal constants (the speed of light in a vacuum), (the gravitational constant), and (the reduced Planck constant). In August 2021, published work in which it is shown that the fundamental role in the unification of physics, in fact, was played by the Stoney units, built on the universal constants or and (where e is the elementary electric charge, and α is the fine-structure constant). Using this result, the presented work offers a possible solution to the riddle of extra dimensions; it is shown that any additional spatial dimension can be expressed in terms of the fundamental length or the product of the fundamental time and the speed of light in a vacuum. PubDate: Wed, 02 Nov 2022 07:35:00 +000

Abstract: We have studied the transverse momentum () spectra of the final-state strange particles, including ,,, and , produced in high energy lead–lead (Pb–Pb), proton–lead (–Pb), xenon–xenon (Xe–Xe) collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Taking into account the contribution of multiquark composition, whose probability density distribution is described by the modified Tsallis–Pareto-type function; we simulate the spectra of the final-state strange particles by a Monte Carlo method, which is shown to be in good agreement with the experimental data in most the cases. The kinetic freeze-out parameters are obtained. The present method provides a new tool for studying the spectra of various particles produced in high energy collisions, reflecting more realistically the collision process, which is of great significance to study the formation and properties of the produced particles. PubDate: Wed, 02 Nov 2022 07:35:00 +000

Abstract: The Yang-Mills-aether theory is considered. Implications of the non-Abelian aether-like term, which introduces violation of the Lorentz symmetry, are investigated in a thermal quantum field theory. The thermofield dynamics formalism is used to introduce the temperature effects and spatial compactification. As a consequence, corrections due to the non-Abelian aether term are calculated for the non-Abelian Stefan-Boltzmann law and for the non-Abelian Casimir energy and pressure at zero and finite temperature. PubDate: Thu, 20 Oct 2022 11:05:00 +000

Abstract: We propose generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) with an additional term of quadratic momentum motivated by string theory and black hole physics and providing a quantum mechanical framework for the minimal length uncertainty, at the Planck scale. We demonstrate that the GUP parameter, , could be best constrained by the gravitational wave observations, GW170817 event. To determine the difference between the group velocity of graviton and that of the light, we suggest another proposal based on the modified dispersion relations (MDRs). We conclude that the upper bound of reads ≃1060. Utilizing features of the UV/IR correspondence and the apparent similarities between GUP (including nongravitating and gravitating impacts on Heisenberg uncertainty principle) and the discrepancy between the theoretical and the observed cosmological constant (obviously manifesting gravitational influences on the vacuum energy density), known as catastrophe of nongravitating vacuum, we suggest a possible solution for this long-standing physical problem, GeV4/ℏ3c3. PubDate: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 08:50:01 +000

Abstract: In this paper, thermodynamic properties of the Reissner-Nordström-de Sitter (RN-dS) black hole have been studied on the basis of the correlation between the black hole and cosmological horizons. It is found that the RN-dS black hole experiences a phase transition, when its state parameters satisfy certain conditions. From the analysis of the interaction between two horizons in RN-dS spacetime, we get the numerical solution of the interaction between two horizons. It makes us to realize the force between the black hole and cosmological horizons, which can be regarded as a candidate to explain our accelerating expansion universe. That provides a new window to explore the physical mechanism of the cosmic accelerating expansion. PubDate: Thu, 13 Oct 2022 04:35:02 +000

Abstract: We propose that the size of an operator evolved under holographic renormalization group flow shall grow linearly with the scale and interpret this behavior as a manifestation of the saturation of the chaos bound. To test this conjecture, we study the operator growth in two different toy models. The first one is a MERA-like tensor network built from a random unitary circuit with the operator size defined using the integrated out-of-time-ordered correlator (OTOC). The second model is an error-correcting code of perfect tensors, and the operator size is computed using the number of single-site physical operators that realize the logical operator. In both cases, we observe linear growth. PubDate: Mon, 10 Oct 2022 09:50:02 +000

Abstract: Within the symmetry, the two-time model (2T model) has six dimensions with two dimensions of time and the dilaton field that can be identified as inflaton in a warm inflation scenario with potential of the form . From that consideration, we derive the range of parameters for the Higgs-Dilaton potential, the coupling constant between Higgs and Dilaton () is larger than 0.0053 and the mass of Dilaton is smaller than GeV. Therefore, the 2T model indirectly suggests that extra dimension can also be a source of inflation. PubDate: Mon, 03 Oct 2022 11:05:02 +000

Abstract: We study neutrino mass matrices with one texture equality and the neutrino mixing matrix having either its first () or second () column identical to that of the tribimaximal mixing matrix. We found that out of total fifteen possible neutrino mass matrices with one texture equality, only six textures are compatible with mixing and six textures are compatible with mixing in the light of the current neutrino oscillation data. These textures have interesting implications for the presently unknown parameters such as the neutrino mass scale, effective Majorana neutrino mass, effective neutrino mass, the atmospheric mixing, and the Dirac- and Majorana-type CP violating phases. We, also, present the group motivation for some of these textures. PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 06:50:02 +000

Abstract: By using the generalized fractional analytical iteration method (GF-AEIM), the single, the double, and the triple heavy baryons masses are calculated in the hyper-central model in the two cases. In the first case, the potential is a combination of Coulombic potential, the linear confining potential, and the harmonic oscillator potential. In the second case, we add the hyperfine interaction. The energy eigenvalues and the baryonic wave function are obtained in the fractional forms. The present results are a good agreement with experimental data and are improved with other recent works. PubDate: Thu, 29 Sep 2022 04:05:00 +000

Abstract: We investigate the nonrelativistic magnetic effect on the energy spectra, expectation values of some quantum mechanical observables, and diamagnetic susceptibility for some diatomic molecules bounded by the isotropic oscillator plus inverse quadratic potential. The energy eigenvalues and normalized wave functions are obtained via the parametric Nikiforov-Uvarov method. The expectation values square of the position , square of the momentum , kinetic energy , and potential energy are obtained by applying the Hellmann-Feynman theorem, and an expression for the diamagnetic susceptibility is also derived. Using the spectroscopic data, the low rotational and low vibrational energy spectra, expectation values, and diamagnetic susceptibility for a set of diatomic molecules (I2, H2, CO, and HCl) for arbitrary values, Larmor frequencies are calculated. The computed energy spectra, expectation values, and diamagnetic susceptibility were found to be more influenced by the external magnetic field strength and inverse quadratic potential strength than the vibrational frequencies and the masses of the selected molecules. PubDate: Sat, 10 Sep 2022 10:05:02 +000

Abstract: Anomalies from the LHCb lepton flavour universality and Fermilab muon anomalous magnetic moment show tantalizing hints of possible new physics from the lepton sectors. Due to its large mass and shorter lifetime than muon, the tau lepton is believed to couple more to possible new physics beyond the Standard Model. Traditionally, tau leptons are probed through their decay products due to tau’s short lifetime. On the other hand, at a high energy scale, a large fraction of tau leptons could be boosted to a much longer lifetime and fly a visible distance from several centimetres up to kilometer length scale yet very informative to new physics beyond the standard model or high energy cosmic rays. In this article, we investigate rare, yet promising, tau-physics phenomena, where long-lived taus are exploited either as a microscope (for the measurement of tau’s anomalous magnetic moment to an unprecedented level of accuracy) or as a macroscope (for the detection of 1 TeV to 1 PeV cosmic neutrinos). PubDate: Wed, 07 Sep 2022 02:50:00 +000

Abstract: We have previously developed the BRST quantization on the hypersurface embedded in -dimensional Euclidean space in both Hamiltonian and Lagrangian formulation. We generalize the formalism in the case of -dimensional manifold embedded in with . The result is essentially the same as the previous one. We have also verified the results obtained here using a simple example of particle motion on a torus knot. PubDate: Tue, 23 Aug 2022 02:05:01 +000

Abstract: Exploiting the theoretical potential of the modified Bonora-Tonin superfield approach (MBTSA) as well as the (anti-)chiral superfield approach (ACSA) to Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin (BRST) formalism, we derive the complete set of off-shell nilpotent (anti-)BRST symmetry transformations corresponding to the classical two- dimensional (2D) diffeomorphism symmetry transformations on the worldsheet (that is traced out by the motion of a model of bosonic string). Only the BRST symmetry transformations for this model have been discussed in the earlier literature. We derive the (anti-)BRST invariant Curci-Ferrari- (CF-) type restrictions (using MBTSA) which turn out to be the root cause behind the absolute anticommutativity of the above (anti-)BRST symmetry transformations. We capture the symmetry invariance of the (anti-)BRST invariant Lagrangian densities within the ambit of ACSA. The derivation of the proper anti-BRST transformations (corresponding to the already-known BRST transformations) and the (anti-)BRST invariant CF-type restrictions are the novel results in our present endeavor. PubDate: Mon, 08 Aug 2022 02:20:01 +000

Abstract: In a previous work, we developed a search strategy for staus produced by the decay of the heavy CP-even Higgs boson within the context of the large regime of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) in a scenario of large stau mixing. Here, we study the performance of such search strategy by confronting it with the complementary mixing pattern in which decays of both the CP-even and CP-odd heavy Higgs bosons contribute to the production of pairs. Again, we focus on final states with two opposite-sign tau leptons and large missing transverse energy. We find that our proposed search strategy, although optimized for the large stau mixing scenario, is still quite sensitive to the complementary mixing pattern. We also extend the results reported in the preceding work for the large mixing scenario by including now the exclusion limits at the next run of the LHC and the prospects both for exclusion and discovery in a potential high-luminosity phase. Finally, we discuss the possibility to distinguish the two mixing scenarios when they share the same relevant mass spectrum and both reach the discovery level with our search strategy. PubDate: Thu, 21 Jul 2022 03:05:00 +000

Abstract: One of the main objectives of almost all future (lepton) colliders is to measure the self-coupling of triple Higgs in the Standard Model. By elongating the Standard Model’s scalar sector, using incipient Higgs doublet along with a quadratic (Higgs) potential can reveal many incipient features of the model and the possibility of the emergence of additional Higgs self-couplings. The self-coupling of the Higgs boson helps in reconstructing the scalar potential. The main objective of this paper is to extract Higgs self-coupling by numerically analyzing several scattering processes governed by two Higgs doublet models (2HDM). These scattering processes include various possible combinations of final states in the triple Higgs sector. The determination of production cross-section of scattering processes is carried out using two different scenarios, one with and other without polarization of incoming beam, and is extended to a center of mass energy up to . The computation is carried out in type-1 2HDM. Here, we consider the case of exact alignment limit (=1) and masses of extra Higgs states are equal, that is, . This choice minimizes the oblique parameters. The decays of the final state of each process are investigated to estimate the number of events at an integrated luminosity of 1 and 3 . PubDate: Wed, 06 Jul 2022 17:50:07 +000

Abstract: We consider electromagnetic fields having an angular momentum density in a locally nonrotating reference frame in Schwarzschild, Kerr, and Kerr-Newman spacetimes. The nature of such fields is assessed with two families of observers, the locally nonrotating ones and those of vanishing Poynting flux. The velocity fields of the vanishing-Poynting observers in the locally nonrotating reference frames are determined using the decomposition formalism. From a methodological point of view and considering a classification of the electromagnetic field based on its invariants, it is convenient to separate the consideration of the vanishing-Poynting observers into two cases corresponding to the pure and nonpure fields; additionally, if there are regions where the field rotates with the speed of light (light surfaces), it becomes necessary to split these observers into two subfamilies. We present several examples of relevance in astrophysics and general relativity, such as pure rotating dipolar-like magnetic fields and the electromagnetic field of the Kerr-Newman solution. For the latter example, we see that vanishing-Poynting observers also measure a vanishing super-Poynting vector, confirming recent results in the literature. Finally, for all nonnull electromagnetic fields, we present the 4-velocity fields of vanishing Poynting observers in an arbitrary spacetime. PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 03:05:00 +000

Abstract: In this paper we propose a generalised holographic framework to describe superconductors. We first unify the description of s-, p-, and d-wave superconductors in a way that can be easily promoted to higher spin. Using a semianalytical procedure to compute the superconductor properties, we are able to further generalise the geometric description of the hologram beyond the AdS-Schwarzschild Black Hole paradigm and propose a set of higher-dimensional metrics which exhibit the same universal behaviour. We then apply this generalised description to study the properties of the condensate and the scaling of the critical temperature with the parameters of the higher-dimensional theory, which allows us to reproduce existing results in the literature and extend them to include a possible description of the newly observed f-wave superconducting systems. PubDate: Fri, 17 Jun 2022 06:20:05 +000

Abstract: Transverse momentum, , spectra are of prime importance in order to extract crucial information about the evolution dynamics of the system of particles produced in the collider experiments. In this work, the transverse momentum spectra of charged hadrons produced in collision at TeV have been analyzed using different distribution functions in order to gain strong insight into the information that can be extracted from the spectra. We have also discussed the applicability of the unified statistical framework on the spectra of charged hadron at TeV PubDate: Tue, 14 Jun 2022 05:05:01 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we study the constraint on brane tension and compactification scale for models with brane fluctuations using the results from the direct search of at 13 TeV LHC, with an integrated luminosity of , in the case for which branon forms the entire cold dark matter. The inclusion of these brane fluctuations suppresses the KK-mode couplings to brane localised matter fields. Unlike the rigid brane scenario, where the compactification scale gets constrained to TeV, here we show that compactification scales as small as TeV are allowed for brane tensions of similar strength. PubDate: Wed, 01 Jun 2022 07:20:01 +000

Abstract: In order to investigate the speed of gravitational signals travelling in air or through a different medium two experiments were designed. One of the experiments contains 2 masses rotating at very high speed and in the other experiment a sapphire bar will vibrate, in both cases they will emit a periodic tidal gravitational signal and one sapphire device that behaves as a detector, which are suspended in vacuum and cooled down to 4.2 K will act as a detector. The vibrational amplitude of the sapphire detector device is measured by an microwave signal with ultralow phase-noise that uses resonance in the whispering gallery modes inside the detector device. Sapphire has a quite high mechanical Q and electrical Q which implies a very narrow detection band thus reducing the detection sensitivity. A new detector shape for the detector device is presented in this work, yielding a detection band of about half of the device vibrational frequency. With the aid of a Finite Element Program the normal mode frequencies of the detector can be calculated with high precision. The results show a similar expected sensitivity between the two experimental setup, but the experiment with the vibration masses is more stable in frequency then it is chosen for the experimental setup to measure the speed of gravity in short distances. Then a more precise analysis is made with this experiment reaching a signal-noise ratio of 10 at a frequency of 5000 Hz. PubDate: Wed, 25 May 2022 08:35:01 +000

Abstract: In this paper, the couple influence of axial magnetic field and the heat and mass transfer on two rotating cylinders of Walter’s viscoelastic fluids by using the potential flow theory of viscoelastic fluid has been investigated. The normal mode method is used to compute the growth rate of disturbance. The influence of gravity is ignored at the interface, while the effect of surface tension is present in the analysis. The effect of the parameters on the stability is studied. It is found that the rotation of the inner cylinder induces stability. Furthermore, the viscoelastic ratio of fluids has a stabilizing influence. The heat and mass transfer, magnetic permeability ratio, and Ohnesorge number have a stabilized influence, while viscosity ratio of fluids, density ratio of fluids, and axial magnetic field have destabilizing influence on the considered system. PubDate: Mon, 23 May 2022 08:35:03 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we have investigated the density perturbations and cosmological evolution in the FLRW universe in the presence of a cosmic magnetic field, which may be assumed to mimic primordial magnetic fields. Such magnetic fields have sufficient strength to influence galaxy formation and cluster dynamics, thereby leaving an imprint on the CMB anisotropies. We have considered the FLRW universe as a representative of the isotropic cosmological model in the covariant formalism for gravity. The propagation equations have been determined and analyzed, where we have assumed that the magnetic field is aligned uniformly along the -direction, resulting in a diagonal shear tensor. Subsequently, the density perturbation evolution equations have been studied, and the results have been interpreted. We have also indicated how these results change in the general relativistic case and briefly mentioned the expected change in higher-order gravity theories. PubDate: Mon, 23 May 2022 08:35:02 +000