Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 928 journals)
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Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Central Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ACS Physical Chemistry Au     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ACS Sensors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica     Free  
Advances in Image and Video Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Physical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Applied Materials Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biophysical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysis, Structure & Reactivity     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Chemical Physics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Chemistry and Physics of Lipids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Physical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Physical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ B - Condensed Matter and Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
EPJ E - Soft Matter and Biological Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Friction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IJBB)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Chemistry - Section A     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Polymeric Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Quantum Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Reviews in Physical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biophysical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part B: Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Chemistry A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Physical Chemistry B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Quantum Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Radiation Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Molecular Physics: An International Journal in the Field of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Nature Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 323)
Open Journal of Physical Chemistry     Open Access  
Physical Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Physical Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Physical Review A     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Physical Review B     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Physical Review D     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Physical Review E     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Physical Review Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 133)
Physics and Chemistry of Glasses - European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B     Full-text available via subscription  
Physics and Chemistry of Liquids: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Plasma Processes and Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Revista Fuentes     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Focus on Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Focus on Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Solid State Ionics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The European Physical Journal D - Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
The European Physical Journal Special Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Radiation Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.734
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0449-3060 - ISSN (Online) 1349-9157
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [419 journals]
  • 3D reconstructed brain images reveal the possibility of the ogg1 gene to
           suppress the irradiation-induced apoptosis in embryonic brain in medaka
           (Oryzias latipes)

    • Authors: Yasuda T; Li D, Sha E, et al.
      Pages: 319 - 330
      Abstract: AbstractThe accumulation of oxidative DNA lesions in neurons is associated with neurodegenerative disorders and diseases. Ogg1 (8-oxoG DNA glycosylase-1) is a primary repair enzyme to excise 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), the most frequent mutagenic base lesion produced by oxidative DNA damage. We have developed ogg1-deficient medaka by screening with a high resolution melting (HRM) assay in Targeting-Induced Local Lesions In Genomes (TILLING) library. In this study, we identified that ogg1-deficient embryos have smaller brains than wild-type during the period of embryogenesis and larvae under normal conditions. To reveal the function of ogg1 when brain injury occurs during embryogenesis, we examined the induction of apoptosis in brains after exposure to gamma-rays with 10 Gy (137Cs, 7.3 Gy/min.) at 24 h post-irradiation both in wild-type and ogg1-deficient embryos. By acridine orange (AO) assay, clustered apoptosis in irradiated ogg1-deficient embryonic brains were distributed in a similar manner to those of irradiated wild-type embryos. To evaluate possible differences of gamma-ray induced apoptosis in both types of embryonic brains, we constructed 3D images of the whole brain based on serial histological sections. This analysis identified that the clustered apoptotic volume was about 3 times higher in brain of irradiated ogg1-deficient embryos (n = 3) compared to wild-type embryos (n = 3) (P = 0.04), suggesting that irradiation-induced apoptosis in medaka embryonic brain can be suppressed in the presence of functional ogg1. Collectively, reconstruction of 3D images can be a powerful approach to reveal slight differences in apoptosis induction post-irradiation.
      PubDate: Sat, 12 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac005
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Overcoming radio-resistance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma via
           hypermethylation of PIK3C3 promoter region mediated by KDM5B loss

    • Authors: Wang X; Gu M, Ju Y, et al.
      Pages: 331 - 341
      Abstract: AbstractMany patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are inoperable because of old age or the advanced stage of the disease; thus radio- and chemotherapy are believed as the standard treatments for these patients. However, due to the radio-resistance of tumor cells that may develop during radiotherapy, results remain unsatisfactory. In this article, the possible relationship between the expression of lysine demethylase 5B (KDM5B) and ESCC radio-resistance is clarified, and the underlying mechanism is evaluated. Using the GSE75241 microarray, we identified KDM5B as a potential oncogene in ESCC. KDM5B was overexpressed in ESCC patients and cells. Inhibition of KDM5B enhanced the H3K4me3 methylation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3 (PIK3C3) promoter and induced the expression of PIK3C3. Knockdown of KDM5B or overexpression of PIK3C3 in KYSE-150 and TE-10 cells promoted apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, autophagy, and increased sensitivity to radiotherapy. Silencing of PIK3C3 attenuated the promoting effect of sh-KDM5B on the sensitivity of ESCC cells to radiotherapy. The inhibition of sh-KDM5B in radio-resistance of ESCC cells was also reproduced in vivo. Taken together, our findings provide evidence that reduced expression of KDM5B has a critical role in promoting ESCC radio-sensitivity by upregulating PIK3C3, suggesting KDM5B may function as an oncogene in ESCC.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac004
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Interaction of curcumin with glioblastoma cells via high and low linear
           energy transfer radiation therapy inducing radiosensitization effects

    • Authors: Kim J; Jung C, Lee W, et al.
      Pages: 342 - 353
      Abstract: AbstractGlioblastoma is a deadly cancer tumor in the brain and has a survival rate of about 15 months. Despite the high mortality rate, temozolomide has proven to increase the survival rate of patients when combined with radiotherapy. However, its effects may be limited because some patients develop therapeutic resistance. Curcumin has proven to be a cancer treatment due to its broad anticancer spectrum, high efficiency and low toxic level. Additionally, curcumin significantly enhanced radiation efficacy under high and low Linear Energy Transfer (LET) radiation conditions in vitro. In combination with radiation, curcumin increased the cell population in the sub-G1 phase and the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, ultimately increasing GBM cellular apoptosis. The radiosensitizing effects of curcumin are much higher in neutron (high LET)-irradiated cell lines than in γ (low LET)-irradiated cell lines. Curcumin plus neutron combination significantly inhibited cell invasion compared with that of single treatment or curcumin combined γ-ray treatment. Curcumin enhances the radiosensitivity of Glioblastoma (GBM), suggesting it may have clinical utility in combination cancer treatment with neutron high-LET radiation.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac016
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Measurements and determinants of children’s exposure to background gamma
           radiation in Switzerland

    • Authors: Folly C; Mazzei-Abba A, Coste A, et al.
      Pages: 354 - 363
      Abstract: AbstractEpidemiological studies of children’s cancer risks associated with background gamma radiation exposure have used geographic exposure models to estimate exposure at their locations of residence. We measured personal exposure to background gamma radiation, and we investigated the extent to which it was associated with children’s whereabouts. We collected data on whereabouts and exposure to background gamma radiation over a 5-day period among children aged 4–15 years in Switzerland. We used D-Shuttle dosimeters to measure children’s exposure, and we asked parents to write their children’s activities in diaries. We used Poisson mixed-effects and linear regression models to investigate the association of hourly and overall doses, respectively, with children’s reported whereabouts. During the observed time, 149 participating children spent 66% indoors at home; 19% indoors away from home; and 15% outdoors. The mean personal exposure was 85.7 nSv/h (range 52.3 nSv/h–145 nSv/h). Exposure was 1.077 (95% CI 1.067, 1.087) times higher indoors than outdoors and varied by building material and (predicted) outdoor dose rates. Our study provides detailed information about children’s patterns of exposure to background gamma radiation in Switzerland. Dwelling building materials and outdoor dose rates are important determinants of children’s exposure. Future epidemiological studies may benefit from including information about building materials.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac006
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Assessment of internal exposure to 131I and short-lived radioiodine
           isotopes and associated uncertainties in the Ukrainian cohort of persons
           exposed in utero

    • Authors: Masiuk S; Chepurny M, Buderatska V, et al.
      Pages: 364 - 377
      Abstract: AbstractThis study revised the thyroid doses for 2582 Ukrainian in utero cohort members exposed to Chornobyl fallout (the Ukrainian in utero cohort) based on revision of: (i) 131I thyroid activity measured in the Ukrainian population, (ii) thyroid dosimetry system for entire Ukraine, and (iii) 131I ground deposition densities in Ukraine. Other major improvements included: (i) assessment of uncertainties in the thyroid doses considering shared and unshared error, and (ii) accounting for intake of short-lived radioisotopes of tellurium and iodine (132Te+132I and 133I). Intake of 131I was the major pathway for thyroid exposure, its median contribution to the thyroid dose was 97.4%. The mean prenatal and postnatal thyroid dose from 131I was 87 mGy (median = 17 mGy), higher than previous deterministic dose of 72 mGy (median = 12 mGy). For 39 individuals (1.5%) the dose exceeded 1.0 Gy, while the highest dose among the cohort members was 2.7 Gy. The geometric standard deviation (GSD) of 1000 individual stochastic doses varied from 1.9 to 5.2 with a mean of 3.1 and a median of 3.2. The lowest uncertainty (mean GSD = 2.3, median GSD = 2.2) was found for the subjects whose mothers were measured for 131I thyroid activity, while for individuals, whose mothers were not measured, the mean and median GSDs were 3.4. Uncertainties in thyroid doses were driven by shared errors associated with the parameters of the ecological model.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac007
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Oxidation of ferumoxytol by ionizing radiation releases iron. An electron
           paramagnetic resonance study

    • Authors: Petronek M; Spitz D, Buettner G, et al.
      Pages: 378 - 384
      Abstract: AbstractFerumoxytol (FMX) is an iron oxide nanoparticle that is FDA approved for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia. FMX contains an Fe3O4 core. Currently, the redox chemistry of Fe3O4 nanoparticles remains relatively unexplored. FMX has recently gained interest as an anti-cancer agent. Ionizing radiation (IR) is a treatment modality employed to treat several types of cancer. Utilizing electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, we found that the products produced from the radiolysis of water can oxidize the Fe3O4 core of FMX. Because of the limited diffusion of the HO2• and HO• produced, these highly oxidizing species have little direct effect on FMX oxidation. We have determined that H2O2 is the primary oxidant of FMX. In the presence of labile Fe2+, we found that reducing species generated from the radiolysis of H2O are able to reduce the Fe3+ sites of the Fe3O4 core. Importantly, we also have shown that IR stimulates the release of ferric iron from FMX. Because of its release of iron, FMX may serve as an adjuvant to enhance radiotherapy.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac008
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Development of PHITS graphical user interface for simulation of positron
           emitting radioisotopes production in common biological materials during
           proton therapy

    • Authors: Shahmohammadi Beni M; Yu K, Islam M, et al.
      Pages: 385 - 392
      Abstract: AbstractThe Monte Carlo (MC) method is a powerful tool for modeling nuclear radiation interaction with matter. A variety of MC software packages has been developed, especially for applications in radiation therapy. Most widely used MC packages require users to write their own input scripts for their systems, which can be a time consuming and error prone process and requires extensive user experience. In the present work, we have developed a graphical user interface (GUI) bundled with a custom-made 3D OpenGL visualizer for PHITS MC package. The current version focuses on modeling proton induced positron emitting radioisotopes, which in turn can be used for verification of proton ranges in proton therapy. The developed GUI program does not require extensive user experience. The present open-source program is distributed under GPLv3 license that allows users to freely download, modify, recompile and redistribute the program.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac010
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Profile analysis of adverse events after boron neutron capture therapy for
           head and neck cancer: a sub-analysis of the JHN002 study

    • Authors: Hirose K; Sato M, Kato T, et al.
      Pages: 393 - 401
      Abstract: AbstractThe purpose of this study was to outline the course and profile of adverse events specific to boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for head and neck cancer. This was a sub-analysis of the phase II JHN002 trial. Patients received 400 mg/kg borofalan(10B), followed by neutron irradiation. The course of adverse events after BNCT was documented in the JHN002 Look Up study. Patients were grouped into face/front (FF), face/lateral (FL) and neck (N) beam groups according to the point of skin incidence of the epithermal neutron beam axis, and the profile of adverse events dependent on beam incidence position was examined. The courses of adverse events in eight recurrent squamous cell carcinoma (R-SCC) and 13 recurrent or locally advanced non-SCC cases were analyzed. Median interval to complete recovery was 23 days (interquartile range (IQR), 14–48 days) for oral mucositis, 40 days (IQR, 24–56 days) for dermatitis, 58 days (IQR, 53–80 days) for dysgeusia and 156 days (IQR, 82–163 days) for alopecia. In the FF beam group, parotitis (P = 0.007) was less frequent, while oral mucositis (P = 0.032), fatigue (P = 0.002), conjunctivitis (P = 0.001), epistaxis (P = 0.001) and abdominal discomfort (P = 0.029) tended to be more frequent than in the FL and N beam groups. Courses and irradiation site-specific profiles of adverse events in BNCT for head and neck cancer were identified. This profile may be useful for considering interventions to prevent exacerbation of treatment-related adverse events on BNCT.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac012
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Japanese Society for Radiation Oncology Consensus Guidelines of combined
           intracavitary and interstitial brachytherapy for gynecological cancers

    • Authors: Murakami N; Ohno T, Toita T, et al.
      Pages: 402 - 411
      Abstract: AbstractIt has been postulated that the combination of intracavitary and interstitial brachytherapy (IC/IS) is effective and safe for large and irregularly shaped uterine cervical cancer patients. However, due to its invasiveness compared to conventional intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT), it has to be said that the implementation speed of IC/IS is slow. Until now, there have been no guidelines for required equipment, human resources, and procedural guide focusing solely on IC/IS. The purpose of this guideline is to provide radiation oncologists and medical physicists who wish to start IC/IS with practical and comprehensive guidance for a safe IC/IS introduction and to help accelerate the spread of the utilization of IC/IS nationwide. This is the English translation of the Japanese IC/IS Guidelines, and it was created in an effort to share the Japanese approach to the management of locally advanced uterine cervical cancer worldwide.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac011
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • An Asian multi-national multi-institutional retrospective study comparing
           intracavitary versus the hybrid of intracavitary and interstitial
           brachytherapy for locally advanced uterine cervical carcinoma

    • Authors: Murakami N; Ando K, Murata M, et al.
      Pages: 412 - 427
      Abstract: AbstractThis study is an international multi-institutional retrospective study comparing the clinical outcomes between intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT) and the hybrid of intracavitary and interstitial brachytherapy (HBT) for locally advanced cervical cancer patients treated with definitive radiation therapy. Locally advanced cervical cancer, the initial size of which is larger than 4 cm and treated by concurrent chemoradiotherapy and image-guided adaptive brachytherapy, were eligible for this retrospective study. Patients who received HBT at least once were included in the HBT group, and patients who received only ICBT were included in the ICBT group. Anonymized data from 469 patients from 13 institutions in Japan, one from Korea and one from Thailand, were analyzed. Two hundred eighty and 189 patients were included in the ICBT group and the HBT group, respectively. Patients in the HBT group had more advanced stage, non-Scc histopathology, a higher rate of uterine body involvement, larger tumor at diagnosis, larger tumor before brachytherapy and a lower tumor reduction ratio. With a median follow-up of 51.3 months (2.1–139.9 months), 4-y local control (LC), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for the entire patient population were 88.2%, 64.2% and 83%, respectively. The HBT group received a higher HR-CTV D90 than that of the ICBT group (68.8 Gy vs 65.6 Gy, P = 0.001). In multivariate analysis, the non-Scc histological subtype, HR-CTV D95 ≤ 60 Gy, reduction ratio ≤ 29% and total treatment time (TTT) ≥ 9 weeks were identified as the independent adverse prognostic factors for LC. Regarding LC, no difference was found between ICBT and HBT (4-y LC 89.3% vs 86.8%, P = 0.314). After adjustment for confounding factors by propensity score matching, no advantage of applying HBT was demonstrated regarding LC, PFS, or OS. Despite the fact that HBT patients had more adverse clinical factors than ICBT patients, HBT delivered a higher dose to HR-CTV and resulted in comparable LC.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac014
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Development and dosimetric verification of 3D customized bolus in head and
           neck radiotherapy

    • Authors: Chatchumnan N; Kingkaew S, Aumnate C, et al.
      Pages: 428 - 434
      Abstract: AbstractThe commercial flat bolus cannot form perfect contact with the irregular surface of the patient’s skin, resulting in an air gap. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a 3D customized bolus from silicone rubber. The silicone rubber boluses were studied in basic characteristics. The 3D customized bolus was fabricated at the nose, cheek and neck regions. The point dose and planar dose differences were evaluated by comparing with virtual bolus. The hardness, thickness, density, Hounsfield unit (HU) and dose attenuation of the customized bolus were quite similar to a commercial bolus. When a 3D customized bolus was placed on the RANDO phantom, it can significantly increase buildup region doses and perfectly fit against the irregular surface shape. The average point dose differences of 3D customized bolus were −1.1%, while the commercial bolus plans showed −1.7%. The average gamma results for planar dose differences comparison of 3D customized bolus were 93.9%, while the commercial bolus plans were reduced to 91.9%. Overall, A silicone rubber bolus produced the feasible dosimetric properties and could save cost compared to a commercial bolus. The 3D printed customized bolus is a good buildup material and could potentially replace and improve treatment efficiency.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac013
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Evaluation of the detection accuracy of set-up for various treatment sites
           using surface-guided radiotherapy system, VOXELAN: a phantom study

    • Authors: Saito M; Ueda K, Suzuki H, et al.
      Pages: 435 - 442
      Abstract: AbstractThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the detection accuracy of a 3-dimensional (3D) body scanner, VOXELAN, in surface-guided radiotherapy (SGRT) of each part of the human body using a whole-body human phantom. We used A Resusci Anne was used as the whole-body phantom. The detection accuracy of VOXELAN in a radiotherapy treatment room with a linear accelerator (LINAC) was evaluated for two reference images: reconstruction of the planning computed tomography (CT) image (CT reference) and scanning by VOXELAN before the treatment (scan reference). The accuracy of the translational and rotational directions was verified for four treatment sites (open face shell, breast, abdomen, and arm), using the magnitude of the 6D robotic couch movement as the true value. Our results showed that the detection accuracy improved as the displacement from the reference position decreased for all the sites. Using the scan reference, the average accuracy of the translational and rotational axes was within 1.44 mm and 0.41°, respectively, for all sites except the arms. Similarly, using the CT reference, the average accuracy was within 2.45 mm and 1.35°, respectively. Additionally, it was difficult for both reference images to recognize misalignment of the arms. In conclusion we discovered that VOXELAN achieved a high detection accuracy for the head with an open face shell, chest, and abdomen, indicating that the system is useful in a clinical setting. However, it is necessary to pay attention to location matching for areas with few features, such as surface irregularities and potential errors, when the reference image is created from CT.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac015
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
  • Quantifying the dosimetric effects of neck contour changes and setup
           errors on the spinal cord in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma:
           establishing a rapid estimation method

    • Authors: Li Y; Wei Z, Liu Z, et al.
      Pages: 443 - 451
      Abstract: AbstractThe purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of neck contour changes and setup errors on spinal cord (SC) doses during the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and to establish a rapid dose estimation method. The setup errors and contour changes in 60 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of 10 NPC patients were analysed in different regions of the neck (C1–C3, C4–C5 and C6–C7). The actual delivered dose to the SC was calculated using the CBCT images, and univariate simulations were performed using the planning CT to evaluate the dose effects of each factor, and an index ${\mathrm{Dmax}}_{\mathrm{displaced}}$ was introduced to estimate the SC dose. Compared with the planned dose, the mean (maximum) Dmax increases in the C1–C3, C4–C5 and C6–C7 regions of the SC were 2.1% (12.3%), 1.8% (8.2%) and 2.5% (9.2%), respectively. The simulation results showed that the effects of setup error in the C1–C3, C4–C5 and C6–C7 regions were 1.5% (9.7%), 0.9% (8.2%) and 1.3% (6.3%), respectively, and the effects of contour change were 0.4% (1.7%), 0.7% (2.5%) and 1.5% (4.9%), respectively. The linear regression model can be used to estimate the dose effect of contour changes (R2 > 0.975) and setup errors (R2 = 0.989). Setup errors may lead to a significant increase in the SC dose in some patients. This study established a rapid dose estimation method, which is of great significance for the daily dose evaluation and the adaptive re-planning trigger of the SC.
      PubDate: Sun, 03 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/jrr/rrac009
      Issue No: Vol. 63, No. 3 (2022)
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