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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 382 Journals sorted by number of followers
American Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 375)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 298)
Annual Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 262)
Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 76)
Information, Communication & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Comparative Studies in Society and History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
The British Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Current Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Critical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
City & Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
The Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Contemporary Sociology : A Journal of Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
AlterNative : An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Sociological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Critical Discourse Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Sociology of Health & Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Design and Culture : The Journal of the Design Studies Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Sociology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Urban Research & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 20)
Sociological Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
The Sociological Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Studies in Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cities in the 21st Century     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sociological Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sociology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Berliner Journal für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Teaching Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Communication Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Sociological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Sport in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Symbolic Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Review of Sociology / Revue Canadienne De Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advertising & Society Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Studies in Latin American Popular Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Sociological Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Gender and Behaviour     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Anthropologie et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Sociologie du Travail     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ateliers d'anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Sociological Research Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cross-cultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Japanese Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Surveillance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Contexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contributions to Indian Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Studia Iranica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Aztlan : A Journal of Chicano Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Journal of Women and the Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Social Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sociological Spectrum: Mid-South Sociological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Tocqueville Review/La revue Tocqueville     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Criminologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sociologie et sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SociologieS - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transatlantica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sustainable Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Ethnic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Enfances, Familles, Générations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lien social et Politiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sociology Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access  
Studies in American Naturalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern Cultures     Full-text available via subscription  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
World Cultures eJournal     Open Access  
Spaces for Difference: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Tracés     Open Access  
Socio-logos     Open Access  

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Philosophy & Technology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.233
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 14  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2210-5433 - ISSN (Online) 2210-5441
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • Technology and Neutrality

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper clarifies and answers the following question: is technology morally neutral' It is argued that the debate between proponents and opponents of the Neutrality Thesis depends on different underlying assumptions about the nature of technological artifacts. My central argument centres around the claim that a mere physicalistic vocabulary does not suffice in characterizing technological artifacts as artifacts, and that the concepts of function and intention are necessary to describe technological artifacts at the right level of description. Once this has been established, I demystify talk about the possible value-ladenness of technological artifacts by showing how these values can be empirically identified. I draw from examples in biology and the social sciences to show that there is a non-mysterious sense in which functions and values can be empirically identified. I conclude from this that technology can be value-laden and that its value-ladenness can both derive from the intended functions as well as the harmful non-intended functions of technological artifacts.
      PubDate: 2023-11-09
       
  • Commentary on Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Islamic Ethics: Towards
           Pluralist Ethical Benchmarking for AI

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      PubDate: 2023-11-07
       
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Islamic Ethics: Towards Pluralist Ethical
           Benchmarking for AI

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper explores artificial intelligence (AI) ethics from an Islamic perspective at a critical time for AI ethical norm-setting. It advocates for a pluralist approach to ethical AI benchmarking. As rapid advancements in AI technologies pose challenges surrounding autonomy, privacy, fairness, and transparency, the prevailing ethical discourse has been predominantly Western or Eurocentric. To address this imbalance, this paper delves into the Islamic ethical traditions to develop a framework that contributes to the global debate on optimal norm setting for designing and using AI technologies. The paper outlines Islamic parameters for ethical values and moral actions in the context of AI's ethical uncertainties. It emphasizes the significance of both textual and non-textual Islamic sources in addressing these uncertainties while placing a strong emphasis on the notion of "good" or "maṣlaḥa" as a normative guide for AI's ethical evaluation. Defining maṣlaḥa as an ethical state of affairs in harmony with divine will, the paper highlights the coexistence of two interpretations of maṣlaḥa: welfarist/utility-based and duty-based. Islamic jurisprudence allows for arguments supporting ethical choices that prioritize building the technical infrastructure for AI to maximize utility. Conversely, it also supports choices that reject consequential utility calculations as the sole measure of value in determining ethical responses to AI advancements.
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
       
  • The Metaverse: Andrew McStay’s Responses to Cody Turner

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      PubDate: 2023-10-25
       
  • Conceptual Engineering and Philosophy of Technology: Amelioration or
           Adaptation'

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      Abstract: Abstract Conceptual Engineering (CE) is thought to be generally aimed at ameliorating deficient concepts. In this paper, we challenge this assumption: we argue that CE is frequently undertaken with the orthogonal aim of conceptual adaptation. We develop this thesis with reference to the interplay between technology and concepts. Emerging technologies can exert significant pressure on conceptual systems and spark ‘conceptual disruption’. For example, advances in Artificial Intelligence raise the question of whether AIs are agents or mere objects, which can be construed as a CE question regarding the concepts AGENT and OBJECT. We distinguish between three types of conceptual disruption (conceptual gaps, conceptual overlaps, and conceptual misalignments) and argue that when CE occurs to address these disruptions, its primary aim is not to improve concepts, but to retain their functional quality, or to prevent them from degrading. This is the characteristic aim of CE when undertaken in philosophy of technology: to preserve the functional role of a concept or conceptual scheme, rather than improving how a concept fulfills its respective function.
      PubDate: 2023-10-18
       
  • Technology and Civic Virtue

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      Abstract: Abstract Today, a major technological trend is the increasing focus on the person: technical systems personalize, customize, and tailor to the person in both beneficial and troubling ways. This trend has moved beyond the realm of commerce and has become a matter of public governance, where systems for citizen risk scoring, predictive policing, and social credit scores proliferate. What these systems have in common is that they may target the person and her ethical and political dispositions, her virtues. Virtue ethics is the most appropriate approach for evaluating the impacts of these new systems, which has translated in a revival of talk about virtue in technology ethics. Yet, the focus on individual dispositions has rightly been criticized for lacking a concern with the political collective and institutional structures. This paper advocates a new direction of research into civic virtue, which is situated in between personal dispositions and structures of governance. First, it surveys the discourse on virtue ethics of technology, emphasizing its neglect of the political dimension of impacts of emerging technologies. Second, it presents a pluralist conception of civic virtue that enables us to scrutinize the impact of technology on civic virtue on three different levels of reciprocal reputation building, the cultivation of internal goods, and excellence in the public sphere. Third, it illustrates the benefits of this conceptions by discussing some paradigmatic examples of emerging technologies that aim to cultivate civic virtue.
      PubDate: 2023-10-18
       
  • Reply to Tom Sterkenburg’s Commentary

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      PubDate: 2023-10-17
       
  • Balancing Caution and the Need for Change: The General Contextual
           Integrity Approach

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      Abstract: Abstract In this reply to van de Poel’s (Philosophy & Technology, 35(3), 82, 2022) commentary on O’Neill (Philosophy & Technology, 35(79), 2022), I discuss two worries about the general contextual integrity approach to evaluating technological change. First, I address van de Poel’s concern that the general contextual integrity approach will not supply the right guidance in cases where morally problematic technological change poses no threat to contextual integrity. Second, I elaborate on how the approach supplies mechanisms for balancing caution with the need for change.
      PubDate: 2023-10-16
       
  • The Metaverse: Virtual Metaphysics, Virtual Governance, and Virtual
           Abundance

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      Abstract: Abstract In his article ‘The Metaverse: Surveillant Physics, Virtual Realist Governance, and the Missing Commons,’ Andrew McStay addresses an entwinement of ethical, political, and metaphysical concerns surrounding the Metaverse, arguing that the Metaverse is not being designed to further the public good but is instead being created to serve the plutocratic ends of technology corporations. He advances the notion of ‘surveillant physics’ to capture this insight and introduces the concept of ‘virtual realist governance’ as a theoretical framework that ought to guide Metaverse design and regulation. This commentary article primarily serves as a supplementary piece rather than a direct critique of McStay’s work. First, I flag certain understated or overlooked nuances in McStay’s discussion. Then, I extend McStay’s discussion by juxtaposing a Lockean inspired argument supporting the property rights of Metaverse creators with an opposing argument advocating for a Metaverse user's ‘right to virtual abundance,’ informed by the potential of virtual reality technology to eliminate scarcity in virtual worlds. Contrasting these arguments highlights the tension between corporate rights and social justice in the governance of virtual worlds and bears directly on McStay’s assertion that there is a problem of the missing commons in the early design of the Metaverse.
      PubDate: 2023-10-10
       
  • Can E-Sport Gamers Permissibly Engage with Off-Limits Virtual
           Wrongdoings'

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      PubDate: 2023-10-05
       
  • What Does it Mean to Mimic Nature' A Typology for Biomimetic Design

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      Abstract: Abstract In an effort to produce new and more sustainable technologies, designers have turned to nature in search of inspiration and innovation. Biomimetic design (from the Greek bios, life, mimesis, imitation) is the conscious imitation of biological models to solve today's technical and ecological challenges. Nowadays numerous different approaches exist that take inspiration from nature as a model for design, such as biomimicry, biomimetics, bionics, permaculture, ecological engineering, etc. This variety of practices comes in turn with a wide range of different promises, including sustainability, increased resilience, multi-functionality, and a lower degree of risk. How are we to make sense of this heterogeneous amalgam of existing practices and technologies, and of the numerous promises attached to them' We suggest that a typology of biomimetic approaches would provide a useful hermeneutic framework to understand the different tensions that pull this variegated landscape in different directions. This is achieved through a critical analysis of the literature in different fields of biomimetic design and the philosophy of biomimicry, in order to derive conceptual and normative assumptions concerning the meaning and value of the imitation of nature. These two dimensions are then intersected to derive an analytical grid composed of six different biomimetic types, which enable the classification of existing and possible biomimetic approaches, practices, and technologies according to their specific conceptual assumptions and guiding norms.
      PubDate: 2023-09-27
       
  • Making Trust Safe for AI' Non-agential Trust as a Conceptual
           Engineering Problem

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      Abstract: Abstract Should we be worried that the concept of trust is increasingly used when we assess non-human agents and artefacts, say robots and AI systems' Whilst some authors have developed explanations of the concept of trust with a view to accounting for trust in AI systems and other non-agents, others have rejected the idea that we should extend trust in this way. The article advances this debate by bringing insights from conceptual engineering to bear on this issue. After setting up a target concept of trust in terms of four functional desiderata (trust-reliance distinction, explanatory strength, tracking affective responses, and accounting for distrust), I analyze how agential vs. non-agential accounts can satisfy these. A final section investigates how ‘non-ideal’ circumstances—that is, circumstances where the manifest and operative concept use diverge amongst concept users—affect our choice about which rendering of trust is to be preferred. I suggest that some prominent arguments against extending the language of trust to non-agents are not decisive and reflect on an important oversight in the current debate, namely a failure to address how narrower, agent-centred accounts curtail our ability to distrust non-agents.
      PubDate: 2023-09-25
       
  • Commentary on David Watson, “On the Philosophy of Unsupervised
           Learning,” Philosophy & Technology

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      PubDate: 2023-09-19
       
  • A Trilemma for the Singularitarian

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      Abstract: Abstract Singularitarianism is a view that is grounded in certain claims about the technological singularity. In this paper, I identify a trilemma that confronts singularitarianism. This trilemma may be characterized in terms of the following horns: the concept of a technological singularity having a literal sense, the concept of a technological singularity having a metaphorical sense, and the concept of a technological singularity having neither a literal nor a metaphorical sense (i.e., its being nonsensical). I will outline the unpalatable consequences that are associated with each of these three horns of the trilemma. I will also anticipate a few argumentative moves on behalf of singularitarianism and suggest why these moves may be insufficient. I will conclude by arguing that we have good philosophical grounds to defend an eliminativism about the concept of the technological singularity.
      PubDate: 2023-09-15
       
  • From the Gamer’s Dilemma to the Real World: Commentary on Montefiore and
           Formosa’s “Crossing the Fictional Line: Moral Graveness, the Gamer’s
           Dilemma, and the Paradox of Fictionally Going Too Far”

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      PubDate: 2023-09-12
       
  • On Good and Evil, the Mistaken Idea That Technology Is Ever Neutral, and
           the Importance of the Double-Charge Thesis

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      PubDate: 2023-09-09
       
  • The Right to be an Exception to Predictions: a Moral Defense of Diversity
           in Recommendation Systems

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      Abstract: Abstract Recommendation systems (RSs) predict what the user likes and recommend it to them. While at the onset of RSs, the latter was designed to maximize the recommendation accuracy (i.e., accuracy was their  only goal), nowadays many RSs models include diversity in recommendations (which thus is a further goal of RSs). In the computer science community, the introduction of diversity in RSs is justified mainly through economic reasons: diversity increases user satisfaction and, in niche markets, profits. I contend that, first, the economic justification of diversity in RSs risks reducing it to an empirical matter of preference; second, diversity is ethically relevant as it supports two autonomy rights of the user: the right to an open present and the right to be treated as an individual. So far, diversity in RSs has been morally defended only in the case of RSs of news and scholarly content: diversity is held to have a depolarizing effect in a democratic society and the scientific community and make the users more autonomous in their news choices. I provide a justification of diversity in RSs that embraces all kinds of RSs (i.e., a holistic moral defense) and is based on a normative principle founded on the agency of the user, which I call the right to be an exception to predictions. Such a right holds that the proper treatment of a RS user qua agent forbids providing them with recommendations based only on their past or similar users’ choices.
      PubDate: 2023-09-06
       
  • Crossing the Fictional Line: Moral Graveness, the Gamer’s Dilemma, and
           the Paradox of Fictionally Going Too Far

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      Abstract: Abstract The Gamer’s Dilemma refers to the philosophical challenge of justifying the intuitive difference people seem to see between the moral permissibility of enacting virtual murder and the moral impermissibility of enacting virtual child molestation in video games (Luck Ethics and Information Technology, 1:31, 2009). Recently, Luck in Philosophia, 50:1287–1308, 2022 has argued that the Gamer’s Dilemma is actually an instance of a more general “paradox”, which he calls the “paradox of treating wrongdoing lightly”, and he proposes a graveness resolution to this paradox. In response, we argue for four key claims. First, we accept Luck’s expansion of the Gamer’s Dilemma to be applicable to a wider set of media, but give a novel recasting of this in terms of the Paradox of Fictionally Going Too Far. Second, we develop a novel criticism of Luck in Philosophia, 50:1287–1308, 2022 graveness resolution to this broader paradox. Third, we argue that the Paradox of Fictionally Going Too Far helps to expose an implicit moralism in the Gamer’s Dilemma literature when compared to relevant nearby literatures about other forms of media. Fourth, we consider a range of non-moral, cultural and media conventions that plausibly help to dissolve the intuitive moral gap between non-sexual and sexual violence that is central to this paradox.
      PubDate: 2023-08-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s13347-023-00660-5
       
  • Benefitting Nonhuman Animals with AI: Why Going Beyond “Do No
           Harm” Is Important

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      Abstract: Abstract AI technologies affect not only humans in many ways but also sentient animals. When investigating the impact of AI on other animals, it is important to consider how these technologies can harm them. However, it is equally important to explore how they can be used to enable animals to live good lives and improve their wellbeing. In this article, I present the rationale for this claim (Section 1), highlight applications through which AI systems are or can be used to benefit nonhuman animals, and show how these benefits can be classified in terms of the harm framework proposed by Coghlan and Parker (Philosophy & Technology 36:25, 2023; Section 2). Finally, I identify open research questions that need to be addressed next (Section 3).
      PubDate: 2023-08-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s13347-023-00658-z
       
  • Deepfake Pornography and the Ethics of Non-Veridical Representations

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      Abstract: Abstract We investigate the question of whether (and if so why) creating or distributing deepfake pornography of someone without their consent is inherently objectionable. We argue that nonconsensually distributing deepfake pornography of a living person on the internet is inherently pro tanto wrong in virtue of the fact that nonconsensually distributing intentionally non-veridical representations about someone violates their right that their social identity not be tampered with, a right which is grounded in their interest in being able to exercise autonomy over their social relations with others. We go on to suggest that nonconsensual deepfakes are especially worrisome in connection with this right because they have a high degree of phenomenal immediacy, a property which corresponds inversely to the ease with which a representation can be doubted. We then suggest that nonconsensually creating and privately consuming deepfake pornography is worrisome but may not be inherently pro tanto wrong. Finally, we discuss the special issue of whether nonconsensually distributing deepfake pornography of a deceased person is inherently objectionable. We argue that the answer depends on how long it has been since the person died.
      PubDate: 2023-08-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s13347-023-00657-0
       
 
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