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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Social Analysis     Open Access  
Advanced Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advertising & Society Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
African Sociological Review : Revue Africaine de Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
AlterNative : An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Sociological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 325)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 263)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio I – Philosophia-Sociologia     Open Access  
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annual Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 217)
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Anthropologie et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AntropoWebzin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antyajaa : Indian Journal of Women and Social Change     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Argumentos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arte, Individuo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Artes Humanae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access  
Asian Journal for Poverty Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ateliers d'anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access  
Aztlan : A Journal of Chicano Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Berliner Journal für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos CERU     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers Jean Moulin     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cahiers Société     Open Access  
Canadian Ethnic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Graduate Journal of Sociology and Criminology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Women and the Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Review of Sociology / Revue Canadienne De Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Celebrity Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Sociological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chophayom Journal     Open Access  
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciência & Tecnologia Social     Open Access  
Ciência & Trópico     Open Access  
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access  
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Cities in the 21st Century     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
City & Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clivatge. Estudis i testimonis sobre el conflicte i el canvi socials     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Communication Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Community Empowerment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Comparative Studies in Society and History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Configurações     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Conflicto Social     Open Access  
Confluences Méditerranée     Full-text available via subscription  
Contemporary Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Sociology : A Journal of Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Contemporary Voice of Dalit     Full-text available via subscription  
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contributions to Indian Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Controversias y Concurrencias Latinoamericanas     Open Access  
Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Criminologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Discourse Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Cross-cultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Extensión Universitaria de la UNLPam     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos del CENDES     Open Access  
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access  
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture - Society - Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Debates en Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Design and Culture : The Journal of the Design Studies Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access  
Diferencia(s)     Open Access  
Dilemas : Revista de Estudos de Conflito e Controle Social     Open Access  
disClosure : A Journal of Social Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Economy and Sociology / Economie şi Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
Educação, Escola e Sociedade     Open Access  
Éducation et socialisation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Em Debate     Open Access  
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Emotions and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Enfances, Familles, Générations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Entramados : educación y sociedad     Open Access  
Entramados y Perspectivas     Open Access  
Environmental Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Espiral     Open Access  
Espirales     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Estudios Sociologicos     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Estudos de Sociologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ethnologia Actualis     Open Access  
Ethnologia Fennica     Open Access  
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
European Review of Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Eutopía - Revista de Desarrollo Económico Territorial     Open Access  
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Finance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fokus pa familien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Forum Sociológico     Open Access  
Frontiers in Human Dynamics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Gender and Behaviour     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Glottopol : Revue de Sociolinguistique en Ligne     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Hábitat y Sociedad     Open Access  
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Hispania     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Homo Ludens     Open Access  
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Housing and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access  
Human Figurations : Long-term Perspectives on the Human Condition     Open Access  
Humanidades em diálogo     Open Access  
Humanity & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
identidade!     Open Access  
Inclusión y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Indes : Zeitschrift für Politik und Gesellschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Sociology and Education Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Information, Communication & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Insights into Regional Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Community Well-Being     Hybrid Journal  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Philosophy & Technology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.233
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2210-5433 - ISSN (Online) 2210-5441
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • AI Ethics and the Automation Industry: How Companies Respond to Questions
           About Ethics at the automatica Trade Fair 2022

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      Abstract: Abstract Against the backdrop of a recent history of ongoing efforts to institutionalize ethics in ways that also target corporate environments, we asked ourselves: How do company representatives at the automatica 2022 trade fair in Munich respond to questions around ethics' To this end, we started an exploratory survey at the automatica 2022 in Munich, asking 22 company representatives at various booths from various industrial sectors the basic question: “Is there somebody in your company working on ethics'” Most representatives were responding positively and tried to connect the term to pre-existing practices, processes, or organizational entities in their respective companies. Mostly, they either located ethics as being relevant to their organization on an institutional level, on a cultural level, on an inter-company level, or on a product level. This exploratory investigation has also shown that the ongoing debates and regulatory efforts about ethics in AI have not yet become a major selling point for company representatives at the trade fair.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
       
  • How to Do Things with Information Online. A Conceptual Framework for
           Evaluating Social Networking Platforms as Epistemic Environments

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper proposes a conceptual framework for evaluating how social networking platforms fare as epistemic environments for human users. I begin by proposing a situated concept of epistemic agency as fundamental for evaluating epistemic environments. Next, I show that algorithmic personalisation of information makes social networking platforms problematic for users’ epistemic agency because these platforms do not allow users to adapt their behaviour sufficiently. Using the tracing principle inspired by the ethics of self-driving cars, I operationalise it here and identify three requirements that automated epistemic environments need to fulfil: (a) the users need to be afforded a range of skilled actions; (b) users need to be sensitive to the possibility to use their skills; (c) the habits built when adapting to the platform should not undermine the user’s pre-existing skills. I then argue that these requirements are almost impossible to fulfil all at the same time on current SN platforms; yet nevertheless, we need to pay attention to these whenever we evaluate an epistemic environment with automatic features. Finally, as an illustration, I show how Twitter, a popular social networking platform, will fare regarding these requirements.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
       
  • Accepting Moral Responsibility for the Actions of Autonomous Weapons
           Systems—a Moral Gambit

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      Abstract: Abstract In this article, we focus on the attribution of moral responsibility for the actions of autonomous weapons systems (AWS). To do so, we suggest that the responsibility gap can be closed if human agents can take meaningful moral responsibility for the actions of AWS. This is a moral responsibility attributed to individuals in a justified and fair way and which is accepted by individuals as an assessment of their own moral character. We argue that, given the unpredictability of AWS, meaningful moral responsibly can only be discharged by human agents who are willing to take a moral gambit: they decide to design/develop/deploy AWS despite the uncertainty about the effects an AWS may produce, hoping that unintended and unwanted or unforeseen outcomes may never occurs, but also accepting to be held responsible if such outcomes will occur. We argue that, while a moral gambit is permissible for the use of non-lethal AWS, this is not the case for the actions of lethal autonomous weapon systems.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
       
  • Correction to: Autonomous Artificial Intelligence and Liability: a Comment
           on List

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      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Algorithmic Political Bias—an Entrenchment Concern

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      Abstract: Abstract This short commentary on Peters (Philosophy & Technology 35, 2022) identifies the entrenchment of political positions as one additional concern related to algorithmic political bias, beyond those identified by Peters. First, it is observed that the political positions detected and predicted by algorithms are typically contingent and largely explained by “political tribalism”, as argued by Brennan (2016). Second, following Hacking (1999), the social construction of political identities is analyzed and it is concluded that algorithmic political bias can contribute to such identities. Third, following Nozick (1989), it is argued that purist political positions may stand in the way of the pursuit of all worthy values and goals to be pursued in the political realm and that to the extent that algorithmic political bias entrenches political positions, it also hinders this healthy “zigzag of politics”.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Metaverse: a Matter of Experience

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      PubDate: 2022-07-30
       
  • Perceptions of Beauty in Security Ceremonies

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      Abstract: Abstract When we use secure computer systems, we engage with carefully orchestrated and ordered interactions called “security ceremonies”, all of which exist to assure security. A great deal of attention has been paid to improving the usability of these ceremonies over the last two decades, to make them easier for end-users to engage with. Yet, usability improvements do not seem to have endeared end users to ceremonies. As a consequence, human actors might subvert the ceremony’s processes or avoid engaging with it. Here, we consider whether beautification could be one way of making ceremonies more appealing. To explore beautification in this context, we carried out three studies. Study 1 surveyed 250 participants to derive a wide range of potential dimensions of “beautiful ceremonies”. These statements were sorted into dominant themes and converted into statements, which fed into the second study, with 309 respondents, to reveal the dominant dimensions constituting beauty. Study 3 asked 41 participants to carry out a Q-sort, which revealed the ways that people combine the identified dimensions when characterising security ceremonies as “beautiful”. These studies have allowed us to pin down the perceived dimensions of beauty in the context of security ceremonies, and also to understand how people combine these dimensions in different ways in judging security ceremonies to be beautiful, confirming the old adage of beauty being “in the eye of the beholder”. We conclude by highlighting the constraints imposed by the overarching requirement for security to be maintained in the face of any usability improvements and beautification endeavours.
      PubDate: 2022-07-30
       
  • Technology as Driver for Morally Motivated Conceptual Engineering

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      Abstract: Abstract New technologies are the source of uncertainties about the applicability of moral and morally connotated concepts. These uncertainties sometimes call for conceptual engineering, but it is not often recognized when this is the case. We take this to be a missed opportunity, as a recognition that different researchers are working on the same kind of project can help solve methodological questions that one is likely to encounter. In this paper, we present three case studies where philosophers of technology implicitly engage in conceptual engineering (without naming it as such). We subsequently reflect on the case studies to find out how these illustrate conceptual engineering as an appropriate method to deal with pressing concerns in the philosophy of technology. We have two main goals. We first want to contribute to the literature on conceptual engineering by presenting concrete examples of conceptual engineering in the philosophy of technology. This is especially relevant, because the technologies that are designed based on the conceptual work done by philosophers of technology potentially have crucial moral and social implications. Secondly, we want to make explicit what choices are made when doing this conceptual work. Making explicit that some of the implicit assumptions are, in fact, debated in the literature allows for reflection on these questions. Ultimately, our hope is that conscious reflection leads to an improvement of the conceptual work done.
      PubDate: 2022-07-28
       
  • Social Media and its Negative Impacts on Autonomy

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      Abstract: Abstract How social media impacts the autonomy of its users is a topic of increasing focus. However, much of the literature that explores these impacts fails to engage in depth with the philosophical literature on autonomy. This has resulted in a failure to consider the full range of impacts that social media might have on autonomy. A deeper consideration of these impacts is thus needed, given the importance of both autonomy as a moral concept and social media as a feature of contemporary life. By drawing on this philosophical literature, we argue that autonomy is broadly a matter of developing autonomy competencies, having authentic ends and control over key aspects of your own life, and not being manipulated, coerced, and controlled by others. We show how the autonomy of users of social media can be disrespected and harmed through the control that social media can have over its users’ data, attention, and behaviour. We conclude by discussing various recommendations to better regulate social media.
      PubDate: 2022-07-27
       
  • Intelligence as a Social Concept: a Socio-Technological Interpretation of
           the Turing Test

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      Abstract: Abstract Alan Turing’s 1950 imitation game has been widely understood as a means for testing if an entity is intelligent. Following a series of papers by Diane Proudfoot, I offer a socio-technological interpretation of Turing’s paper and present an alternative way of understanding both the imitation game and Turing’s concept of intelligence. Turing, I claim, saw intelligence as a social concept, meaning that possession of intelligence is a property determined by society’s attitude toward the entity. He realized that as long as human society held a prejudiced attitude toward machinery—seeing machines a priori as mindless objects—machines could not be said to be intelligent, by definition. He also realized, though, that if humans’ a priori, chauvinistic attitude toward machinery changed, the existence of intelligent machines would become logically possible. Turing thought that such a change would eventually occur: He believed that when scientists overcome the technological challenge of constructing sophisticated machines that could imitate human verbal behavior—i.e., do well in the imitation game—humans’ prejudiced attitude toward machinery will have altered in such a way that machines could be said to be intelligent. The imitation game, for Turing, was not an intelligence test, but a technological aspiration whose realization would likely involve a change in society’s attitude toward machines.
      PubDate: 2022-07-22
       
  • Transparency as Manipulation' Uncovering the Disciplinary Power of
           Algorithmic Transparency

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      Abstract: Abstract Automated algorithms are silently making crucial decisions about our lives, but most of the time we have little understanding of how they work. To counter this hidden influence, there have been increasing calls for algorithmic transparency. Much ink has been spilled over the informational account of algorithmic transparency—about how much information should be revealed about the inner workings of an algorithm. But few studies question the power structure beneath the informational disclosure of the algorithm. As a result, the information disclosure itself can be a means of manipulation used by a group of people to advance their own interests. Instead of concentrating on information disclosure, this paper examines algorithmic transparency from the perspective of power, explaining how algorithmic transparency under a disciplinary power structure can be a technique of normalizing people’s behavior. The informational disclosure of an algorithm can not only set up some de facto norms, but also build a scientific narrative of its algorithm to justify those norms. In doing so, people would be internally motivated to follow those norms with less critical analysis. This article suggests that we should not simply open the black box of an algorithm without challenging the existing power relations.
      PubDate: 2022-07-22
       
  • Why There Are Still Moral Reasons to Prefer Extended over Embedded: a
           (Short) Reply to Cassinadri

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      Abstract: Abstract In a recent paper, Cassinadri (2022) raised substantial criticism about the possibility of using moral reasons to endorse the hypothesis of extended cognition (EXT) over its most popular alternative, the embedded view (EMB). In particular, Cassinadri criticized 4 of the arguments we formulated to defend EXT and argued that our claim that EXT might be preferable to EMB (on the grounds of its progressiveness and inclusiveness) does not stand close scrutiny. In this short reply, we point out—contra Cassinadri—why we still believe that there are moral reasons to prefer EXT over EMB, hence why we think that the former is more inclusive and more progressive than the latter.
      PubDate: 2022-07-20
       
  • Innovation, from Industrial Consumption to the Reinvention of
           Socialization: a Reflection on a Recent Semantic Enrichment

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      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we observe an undergoing transformation in the qualification of the processes of emergence that we call ‘innovation’. First conceived in the industrial mode defined by Schumpeter within the consumer economy context, innovation has now acquired a more general meaning and has been transformed in the understanding of collective action. Against the backdrop of transformations in the industrial reality, the crisis of desire in consumer societies, and the impoverishment of the imaginary, ‘social innovation’ appears to be a new form of imaginary institution of society in the definition that Cornelius Castoriadis gave to this expression. The semantic enrichment of the notion of innovation allows us to glimpse a new framework for the ethics of innovation, which needs to be interpreted from the perspective of the age of transitions.
      PubDate: 2022-07-19
       
  • Big Tech and Antitrust: An Ordoliberal Analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract The past few years have seen the opening of several antitrust investigations against some of the most dominant and powerful companies in the world—e.g., the U.S. Department of Justice, numerous states, and the Federal Trade Commission have sued Google, Facebook, and Amazon, and the E.U. has launched additional proceedings against Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google. This paper looks at the latest trends and developments in the E.U. and the USA and analyzes the different regulatory approaches taken from a distinct business ethics, that is, ordoliberal perspective. The paper aims to derive ordoliberal-inspired antitrust principles and apply them to the current antitrust proceedings and investigations, thereby assessing their strengths and weaknesses. It also aims at developing ordoliberal-inspired reform proposals which might help to strengthen and “harden” modern-day antitrust regimes.
      PubDate: 2022-07-16
       
  • Moral Reasons Not to Posit Extended Cognitive Systems: a Reply to Farina
           and Lavazza

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      Abstract: Abstract Given the metaphysical and explanatory stalemate between Embedded (EMB) and Extended (EXT) cognition, different authors proposed moral arguments to overcome such a deadlock in favor of EXT. Farina and Lavazza (2022) attribute to EXT and EMB a substantive moral content, arguing in favor of the former by virtue of its progressiveness and inclusiveness. In this treatment, I criticize four of their moral arguments. In Sect. 2, I focus on the argument from legitimate interventions (Sect. 2.1) and on the argument from extended agency (Sect. 2.2). Section 3 concerns the argument from better protection (Sect. 3.1) and the argument from better treatment (Sect. 3.2). Sections 4 and 5 are dedicated to counterarguments against each respectively. By distinguishing between EXT (intended as an ontological claim on the extension of cognition) and the extended view (intended as a moral heuristic), I argue that it is sufficient to use this second version for directly addressing and evaluating moral problems on normative grounds, independently of the causal (EMB) or constitutive (EXT) cognitive influence of the external resource on the agents’ minds. Moreover, I argue that the arguments and assumptions used by EXT theorists do not foster values of progressiveness and inclusiveness. To conclude, in Sect. 6, I show that the analysis of each argument converges on the conclusion that EXT does not have substantive moral content and implications per se, since they always depend on further assumptions.
      PubDate: 2022-07-15
       
  • What is Techno-Optimism'

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      PubDate: 2022-07-13
       
  • On Making Phenomenologies of Technology More Phenomenological

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      Abstract: Abstract Phenomenologists usually insist that their approach involves going “back” to and “starting” with technoscientific experience—that is, returning to the actual existing or living through of technoscientific life—after centuries of privileging the analysis of how things are “objectively” known and denigrating accounts of how they are “subjectively” lived with. But then who says this and how is this understood' “Who” is really a phenomenologist, when so many diverse thinkers claim the title' This paper considers some of the reasons why this is such a difficult question and argues that it is wrong to look for The Answer to it.
      PubDate: 2022-07-12
       
  • The Ethics of AI Ethics. A Constructive Critique

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      Abstract: Abstract The paper presents an ethical analysis and constructive critique of the current practice of AI ethics. It identifies conceptual substantive and procedural challenges and it outlines strategies to address them. The strategies include countering the hype and understanding AI as ubiquitous infrastructure including neglected issues of ethics and justice such as structural background injustices into the scope of AI ethics and making the procedures and fora of AI ethics more inclusive and better informed with regard to philosophical ethics. These measures integrate the perspective of AI justice into AI ethics, strengthening its capacity to provide comprehensive normative orientation and guidance for the development and use of AI that actually improves human lives and living together.
      PubDate: 2022-07-07
       
  • Responsible AI Through Conceptual Engineering

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      Abstract: Abstract The advent of intelligent artificial systems has sparked a dispute about the question of who is responsible when such a system causes a harmful outcome. This paper champions the idea that this dispute should be approached as a conceptual engineering problem. Towards this claim, the paper first argues that the dispute about the responsibility gap problem is in part a conceptual dispute about the content of responsibility and related concepts. The paper then argues that the way forward is to evaluate the conceptual choices we have, in the light of a systematic understanding of why the concept is important in the first place—in short, the way forward is to engage in conceptual engineering. The paper then illustrates what approaching the responsibility gap problem as a conceptual engineering problem looks like. It outlines argumentative pathways out of the responsibility gap problem and relates these to existing contributions to the dispute.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
       
  • The Role of Human Creativity in Human-Technology Relations

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      Abstract: Abstract One of the pressing issues in philosophy of technology is the role of human creativity in human-technology relations. We first observe that a techno-centric orientation of philosophy of technology leaves open the role and contribution of human creativity in technological evolution, while an anthropocentric orientation leaves open the role of the technical milieu in technological evolution. Subsequently, we develop a concept of creation as deviation and responsiveness in response to affordances in the environment, inspired by the affordance theory by James Gibson. With this concept of creation as deviative responsiveness, we articulate the human contribution to human-technology creation, namely, our intentional deviation of the inhibiting forces of the currently dominant niche or meaningful world of human-technology relations, in order to become responsive to new affordances in human-technology creation that constitute a new niche or world of human-technology relations.
      PubDate: 2022-07-04
       
 
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