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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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International Sociology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.385
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 27  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0268-5809 - ISSN (Online) 1461-7242
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1175 journals]
  • Lack of ‘common sense’ in the climate change debate: Media behaviour
           and climate change awareness

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      Authors: Maria Laura Ruiu, Gabriele Ruiu, Massimo Ragnedda
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      Based on an online survey conducted among a representative sample in the United Kingdom (n = 1013), this article investigates the role of traditional and new media in predicting climate change awareness. It suggests that individuals make choices under an ideological convincement that is organised within specific cultural and political-economic boundaries. It shows that the Gramscian concept of cultural hegemony is still valuable to make sense of an incessant process of formation and fragmentation of equilibria between social groups. Interpreting hegemony as a not totalitarian communicative process also suggests that the media represent a ground for counterhegemonies to flourish and trigger political transformation. This study constructs two indexes of both scepticism and advocacy of climate change by showing some traits of these two perspectives in the United Kingdom. It also shows that the division between sceptics and advocates’ convincement is not ‘black and white’, but a transitional space exists between hegemonic and counter-hegemonic forces.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-11-23T08:43:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221138356
       
  • Reviews: Internationalizing the Social Sciences in China: The Disciplinary
           Development of Sociology at Tsinghua University

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      Authors: Nath Aldalala’a
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-11-18T08:21:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221138462
       
  • Sociology of homosexuality in twenty-first-century China

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      Authors: Muyuan Luo, Tangmei Li, Junpeng Shi
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      This review provides a critical exploration of four key books in sociology of homosexuality published in mainland China since 2000, namely Wei Wei’s Going Public (2012), Queering Chinese Society (2015), Xiaoxing Fu’s Space, Culture and Performance 2012, and Qingfeng Wang’s Homosexuality Studies 2017. We identify three important themes from the books: space, family, and identity. Based on this, we demonstrate two characteristics of the sociology of homosexuality in twenty-first-century China, with its focus on the theoretical potentials of the Chinese case and its combination of sociological perspectives and multidisciplinary approaches.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-11-17T12:13:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221138137
       
  • Being and becoming (of/with) Burawoy: An anxious apprehension of public
           sociology in South Asia

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      Authors: Dev Nath Pathak
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      Reading public sociology with Burawoy amounts to an engagement with the process of being and becoming a sociologist. The blending of text and context offers a hermeneutics in which theory and theorist are political actors striving for dialectic of utopia and anti-utopia. In such a scheme this article turns inward to the context of sociology and anthropology in South Asia to adjudge the limits and possibility of public sociology.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-11-17T12:09:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221138018
       
  • Governing value(s) and organizing through standards

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      Authors: Allison Marie Loconto, Nadine Arnold
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      Standards are strongly intertwined with values in economic contexts, which goes far beyond economic value. Standards’ diversity is expressed in local spaces where standards are made, put into action, circulate and commensurate. In these mutually linked and globally distributed spaces, we can analyze the ways in which standards and value(s) encounter each other and what consequences this brings for individuals, organizations, communities, and societies. Examining different settings of food production and organization brings new insights into the sociological explanations and understandings of how standards are guided by values and create value(s). These insights highlight new tensions between global and local social dynamics and offer two ways forward for the sociology of standards. First, is the importance of intermediation between the values of the standards and the governance effects of these same standards. Second, is the relevance of valuelessness, where the prioritization of some values devalues others or loses them completely.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-11-04T12:18:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221133055
       
  • Values and the making of standards in ‘sustainable’ coffee networks:
           The case of 4C and Nestlé in México

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      Authors: Marie-Christine Renard
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      The ‘sustainable’ coffee industry has experienced steady expansion in recent decades, due to the emerging demand and values of consumers. Coffee corporations have invested in this market segment, participating in multi-stakeholder initiatives through which they seek to control the definitions of sustainability and to secure the supply chain. After highlighting the ambiguity of the concept of sustainability, the article analyzes the impacts of the 4C code of conduct adopted by Nestlé, in the context of Mexico’s growing coffee crisis. It highlights the existing dissonance between the sustainability proclaimed by the code of conduct and the reality in the coffee producing regions of Mexico where Nestlé sources 4C certified coffee. It concludes that the application of this code is far from adhering to the values of economic, social, and environmental sustainability that it claims to defend.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-10-09T05:30:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221119289
       
  • Health as an emerging value in the construction of quality of berries in
           Huelva (Spain)

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      Authors: Carmen Mozo, Juana Moreno Nieto, Alicia Reigada
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines how health is constructed as an emerging value of quality standards in intensive agriculture in the province of Huelva (Spain) with a specific focus on the health and welfare of female seasonal migrant workers. Based on an ethnographic approach, the research draws on two sources: an analysis of Global G.A.P. quality standards documentation and qualitative in-depth interviews with four key social actors, including local producers, social and professional organisations, healthcare professionals and migrant women working on seasonal contracts. Drawing on theoretical contributions from convention theory and the socio-anthropological approach of political economy, the study identified imbalances between the meanings and practices around health and safety. Principally, the study concludes that norms established by quality standards focus almost exclusively on consumers’ health while neglecting the health costs and inequalities experienced by female agricultural workers.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-10-09T05:23:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221115960
       
  • Seasonality as value(s) in organic farming: On the conflict on heating
           greenhouses in France

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      Authors: Romain Blancaneaux
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      This article deals with the notion of season, and illustrates an existing conflict, within organic agriculture, between symbolic and economic values. It takes the case of a polemic on the use of heating systems in greenhouse organic farming for tomato production. It asks and demonstrates how the organizations in and of market frame different seasonalities, either placing respect (symbolic value) for seasonality over economics, or vice versa. It identifies critical junctures that shaped the division in organic agriculture toward differing conception of seasonality, which oscillates between market logics in which its distinctiveness is (de)valued, symbolically and economically diminished or reasserted.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-08-17T06:10:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221115959
       
  • The nature of standards: How standards shape the value of nature

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      Authors: Miguel Ángel Sánchez-García, Andrés Pedreño Cánovas, Carlos de Castro Pericacho
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      The article analyzes how the Global G.A.P. standard has contributed to the construction of a link between nature and agriculture and to a form of nature valuation that has strong historical roots in the process of agricultural modernization of the Region of Murcia. It explores how Global G.A.P. has created an institutional and normative space in which the interactions of human and non-human elements (technology, norms, procedures, nature values, institutions, objects and materials, etc.) are stabilized and conceived within the sphere of profitability. Based on secondary sources and in-depth interviews, the article first provides a brief explanation of the relationship between standards, values, and nature. Second, it examines the organizational and technological modernization of the farming industry in the Region of Murcia. The article finishes with a detailed description of how water, soil and fertilizer management are designed and controlled.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-08-08T10:17:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221115962
       
  • Crowding out local initiative in the protection of heritage agri-food
           specialties: The growing hegemony of sui generis Geographical Indication
           in East Asia

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      Authors: Hart Nadav Feuer
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      The comprehensive uptake of geographical indication (GI) worldwide suggests that global trade is at the threshold of mainstreaming protections for heritage agri-food specialties. The European GI model is in ascendance thanks to a campaign of institutional entrepreneurship that engendered a powerful macro-organization leading the rapid diffusion of sui generis GI. Through its success in recruiting the intellectual property regimes of most East Asian countries into the European orbit of trade and cultural production, it has become hegemonic, with the potential for ‘crowding out’ useful pre-existing mechanisms of heritage food protection or displacing exchange in agri-food specialties still embedded in the moral economy. Although this new global standard is shaped by the process of integration into new milieux, this paper finds that latent post-colonial tendencies in the European GI model and its poor capacity at self-reflection in the face of inefficiency compromises its potentially unifying role in the heritage food world order.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-08-01T10:03:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221111940
       
  • Challenges to conserve world agricultural heritages in a market economy:
           Experiences in Nishi-Awa, Japan

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      Authors: Kae Sekine
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems – established by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 2002 – is a certification expected to conserve traditional agro-ecosystems and associated biodiversity, natural resources, outstanding landscapes, and cultural heritages that are at risk of extinction in the current market system. Employing the Nishi-Awa Steep Slope Land Agriculture System in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, designated as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System in 2018, as the case study, this research explores the potential and contradictions of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System to incorporate alternative values such as traditional knowledge, biodiversity, landscape, healthy diets, and cultural heritages into the dominant hierarchy of values that favor market competitiveness. Based on original field surveys, literature review, and qualitative analyses, the study demonstrates that while the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System certification is expected to bring considerable economic opportunity through an increase in international tourists and price appreciation of the local agri-food products certified by a local agri-food labeling system (established by the public and private actors in the designated area), this system does not explicitly guarantee the values claimed in Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System certification. Therefore, the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System scheme to conserve the claimed values in designated areas is faced with a contradictory situation in a market economy.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-07-23T10:42:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221108623
       
  • Private standards for animal welfare in Austrian dairy husbandry:
           Consequences for farmers in mountain regions

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      Authors: Markus Schermer
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      The current shift of regulations for animal welfare from public to private standards allows dairies and retailers to improve their position on the market. However, for easy communication and control they tend to reduce the multifaceted societal demands for animal welfare to freedom of movement, that is, to free stalls with or without access to pasture. Taking a farmers perspective, this contribution examines the situation in Austria, where structure and practices of dairy farming differ greatly between more favourable, arable, and mountainous regions. The theoretical concept of farming styles uncovers fundamental positions grounded in different understandings of how farming practices are supposed to be organized. Private standards privilege rationalized, large-scale dairy farms in advantaged regions over family-owned traditional farms in mountain areas. This may have unintended negative consequences on farming structure, land use and cultural landscape.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-07-23T10:38:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221103490
       
  • Can certification increase trade fairness and worker empowerment'
           Lessons from Fairtrade International-certified plantations in Ecuador

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      Authors: Laura T Raynolds
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      This article analyzes the strategic potential and empirical challenges of private governance in promoting decent work in global agriculture by curtailing buyer power and fostering labor agency, drawing lessons from Fairtrade International-certified flower plantations in Ecuador. The study explains (1) Fairtrade’s logic in promoting ‘trade fairness’ and ‘worker empowerment’ and operationalization of these values via its certification standards, (2) the power relations shaping certification practices in global flower markets and Ecuadorian plantations, and (3) the grounded implications of participation for firms and workers. Important lessons emerge. First, while Fairtrade pursues a promising avenue for challenging the buyer control that erodes supplier and worker power, it has only marginally reduced floral buyer power due to retailer resistance, low-bar certification competition, and programmatic regulatory gaps. Second, although Fairtrade’s empowerment approach has strengthened labor agency within and beyond the workplace, bolstering individual empowerment has proved easier than fostering associational power. As I show, certification practices and outcomes are mediated by commodity-specific global market politics and localized enterprise, labor force, and legal contestations which explain why program aspirations are often not realized. Standard systems can reshape internal trade relations and organizations but cannot alone ensure global trade equity or robust labor representation.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-07-21T12:04:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221103598
       
  • Intergovernmental organizations in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic:
           Organizational behaviour in crises and under uncertainty

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      Authors: Olga Ulybina, Laia Pi Ferrer, Pertti Alasuutari
      First page: 415
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      When Covid-19 broke out, many interpreted it as a crisis that would lead to fundamental changes in different areas of life. The article aims to assess whether this also applies to intergovernmental organizations (IGOs). By analysing the websites of a sample of intergovernmental organizations, we ask: How did the Covid-19 pandemic affect the behaviour of intergovernmental organizations' How can one explain this behaviour of intergovernmental organizations in response to such a major exogenous event as the Covid-19 pandemic' How can the Covid-19 pandemic be best conceptualized in terms of its impact on intergovernmental organizations' We show that the responses of intergovernmental organizations to the Covid-19 pandemic had two important features: (a) intergovernmental organizations responded in a synchronized way, and (b) the pandemic triggered wide-spread non-major adaptations to the changed environment, providing opportunities for legitimation work and minor repackaging of existing activities, but has not led to noticeable transformational change in organizations’ activities. We argue that the observed intergovernmental organization’s responses can be explained partly from rational-choice perspective and partly from sociological institutionalist perspective. Given our data, we argue that the pandemic can be conceptualized as an uncertainty shock, in terms of its impact on intergovernmental organizations.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-06-25T12:34:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221094687
       
  • Pandemic patriotism: Official speeches in the face of the global COVID-19
           crisis

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      Authors: Jorge Atria, Juan Alfaro, Magdalena Tapia, Raimundo Frei
      First page: 439
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      Faced with the COVID-19 pandemic, authorities have had to announce health, economic, financial, and social measures. The way in which these actors communicate is crucial and points to the collective meanings that are transmitted when dealing with the pandemic. The discourses used are designed with different frameworks and narratives to have broad appeal, so as to convince the public about the government’s performance in managing the crisis and to obtain respect and obedience. Based on a qualitative analysis of 238 official speeches from five continents delivered between March and May 2020, this article contributes to the analysis of the pandemic with regard to two axes that underlie the speeches in other crises of this magnitude: appeals for solidarity and references to a war context. The results show that in this pandemic, the discourses have been deployed through these axes, reinforcing collective memories and national identities as sources to activate patriotic feelings and sustain implemented measures.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-07-07T11:57:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221108625
       
  • The time of dialogic sociology

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      Authors: Ramon Flecha, Carmen Elboj Saso, Elisabeth Torras-Gómez, Mar Joanpere
      First page: 457
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      There is a wide and rich literature about how neoliberalism is promoting the budgetary cuts to science and universities, especially to the critical sectors, such as the social sciences. There is scarce literature on the analysis of the role of sociology in the internal processes and debates on the elaboration of the scientific programs of research. Focusing on the European programs of research, this article analyzes how sociology is leading the new requirements of social impact and co-creation. The result of this analysis shows the great opportunity for sociology to get an unprecedented acknowledgment and valorization from society and all sciences, including those which had not been previously interested in sociology.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-07-19T09:51:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221111890
       
  • Developing social entrepreneurship in rural areas: A path mediation
           framework

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      Authors: Apriani Dorkas Rambu Atahau, Cheng-Wen Lee, Deni Danial Kesa, Andrian Dolfriandra Huruta
      First page: 475
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      Local wisdom is increasingly crucial to preserve rural societies’ self-confidence and solidarity spirits in boosting economic growth. Notwithstanding the success of microfinance groups in East Sumba, Indonesia, the problem related to a small capital base exists. In this respect, adhering to local wisdom likely develops social entrepreneurship to strengthen the microfinance group’s capital base. This research investigates how local wisdom affects social entrepreneurship and microfinance sustainability. Data are collected by distributing questionnaires to microfinance stakeholders and analyzing the partial least squares-structural equation model. The findings show that local wisdom plays an essential role in social entrepreneurship development to ensure the stability of microfinance. In other words, rural microfinance sustainability can perform the mediating role as hypothesized. It implies that policy-making by the local government related to social enterprise development and microfinance sustainability may consider local wisdom. Thus, all stakeholders need to create conducive environments to increase the development of social entrepreneurship.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-05-24T11:34:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221095912
       
  • Professional scaling work: How professional segments claim new
           jurisdictions in a world of trans-local connections

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      Authors: Marie Leth Meilvang, Anders Blok, Maria Duclos Lindstrøm, Inge Kryger Pedersen
      First page: 496
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      The literature on professions, drawing on both sociological and management approaches, has recently turned its focus to the transnational scale. In this article, building on Andrew Abbott’s work on professional jurisdictions, we analyze the way transnational resources come to play a role in local professional claims-making and work practices in the inter-professional struggle over jurisdiction. Comparing case studies set in Denmark into three emerging professional jurisdictions, our analysis shows that professional segments claiming new work tasks engage actively in scaling work that attempts to ‘rescale’ the jurisdiction to fit their own professional projects and claims. We find that scaling practices consist of three different ways professionals invest in transnational resources: organizational avatars, new work regulations and prescriptions, and symbolic legitimacy. These ways in which professionals transform transnational resources into claims used in local professionals situations result in different outcomes for the professional segments involved.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-06-23T06:27:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221103486
       
  • Consequences of income concentration for democratic processes in
           contemporary Western and comparable societies: Evidence for OECD
           countries, 2017–2019

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      Authors: Milan Zafirovski
      First page: 515
      Abstract: International Sociology, Ahead of Print.
      The study focuses on the relation of economic inequality and political democracy, specifically exploring the democratic consequences of income concentration. It places income concentration among a composite of factors of democracy and considers democracy within a set of results of economic inequality. The study first surveys how the relationship of income and other economic inequality to democracy is theorized and researched in sociology and economics. It then outlines a conceptual framework for analyzing economic inequality’s relationship with and especially net balance of consequences for democracy. It collects and analyzes cross-national data by empirical analyses and reports and discusses the results. Its key result is that income inequality is consequential mostly in an adverse way for political democracy and social freedom. The article’s intended contribution is to better understanding and explaining the relations of economic inequality to democracy among contemporary societies.
      Citation: International Sociology
      PubDate: 2022-07-07T11:59:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/02685809221109041
       
 
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