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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Social Analysis     Open Access  
Advanced Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advertising & Society Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
African Sociological Review : Revue Africaine de Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
AlterNative : An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Sociological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 296)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio I – Philosophia-Sociologia     Open Access  
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annual Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 203)
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Anthropologie et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AntropoWebzin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antyajaa : Indian Journal of Women and Social Change     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Argumentos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arte, Individuo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Artes Humanae     Open Access  
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access  
Asian Journal for Poverty Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ateliers d'anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access  
Aztlan : A Journal of Chicano Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access  
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Behavioural Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Berliner Journal für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos CERU     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers Société     Open Access  
Canadian Ethnic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Graduate Journal of Sociology and Criminology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Women and the Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Review of Sociology / Revue Canadienne De Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Celebrity Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Sociological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chophayom Journal     Open Access  
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciência & Tecnologia Social     Open Access  
Ciência & Trópico     Open Access  
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access  
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Cities in the 21st Century     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
City & Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clivatge. Estudis i testimonis sobre el conflicte i el canvi socials     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Communication Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Community Empowerment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Comparative Studies in Society and History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Configurações     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Conflicto Social     Open Access  
Confluences Méditerranée     Full-text available via subscription  
Contemporary Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Sociology : A Journal of Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Contemporary Voice of Dalit     Full-text available via subscription  
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contributions to Indian Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Controversias y Concurrencias Latinoamericanas     Open Access  
Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Criminologie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Critical Discourse Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Cross-cultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Extensión Universitaria de la UNLPam     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos del CENDES     Open Access  
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access  
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture - Society - Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Debates en Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Design and Culture : The Journal of the Design Studies Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access  
Diferencia(s)     Open Access  
Dilemas : Revista de Estudos de Conflito e Controle Social     Open Access  
disClosure : A Journal of Social Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Economy and Sociology / Economie şi Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
Educação, Escola e Sociedade     Open Access  
Éducation et socialisation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Em Debate     Open Access  
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Emotions and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Enfances, Familles, Générations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entramados : educación y sociedad     Open Access  
Entramados y Perspectivas     Open Access  
Environmental Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Espiral     Open Access  
Espirales     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Estudios Sociologicos     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Estudos de Sociologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ethnologia Actualis     Open Access  
Ethnologia Fennica     Open Access  
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
European Review of Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Eutopía - Revista de Desarrollo Económico Territorial     Open Access  
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Finance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fokus pa familien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Forum Sociológico     Open Access  
Frontiers in Human Dynamics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Gender and Behaviour     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Glottopol : Revue de Sociolinguistique en Ligne     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Hábitat y Sociedad     Open Access  
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Hispania     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Homo Ludens     Open Access  
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Housing and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access  
Human Figurations : Long-term Perspectives on the Human Condition     Open Access  
Humanidades em diálogo     Open Access  
Humanity & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
identidade!     Open Access  
Inclusión y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Indes : Zeitschrift für Politik und Gesellschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Sociology and Education Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Information, Communication & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Insights into Regional Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies     Open Access  
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Community Well-Being     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)

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International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.3
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 70  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 1 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 0144-333X - ISSN (Online) 1758-6720
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • The why and how of co-production between professionals and volunteers: a
           qualitative study of community-based healthcare in Denmark

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      Authors: Lene Gissel Rasmussen , Halfdan Thorsø Skjerning , Viola Burau
      Abstract: The present paper describes the interplay between the “why” and “how” in co-production based on a case study of community-based healthcare in Denmark involving municipalities and voluntary sports clubs. So far, policy practice and research have focussed on the “why” – the rationales and pre-requisites – of co-production. However, there seems to be a lack of knowledge about the “how” of co-production in the interplay between professionals and volunteers. The paper asks how co-production is being perceived and practised according to existing norms and objectives of public healthcare and civil society, drawing on the theory of institutional logics. The paper uses a critical case study approach to examine the practice of co-production. The analysis builds on qualitative data from nine semi-structured interviews, two information interviews and project documents. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and coded. This paper demonstrates that compatibility of institutional logics was not given, nor did the co-existence of potentially competing logics necessarily result in conflict in co-production. Instead, in this case study co-production emerged as highly contingent, reflecting the dynamic interaction between logics and context-specific management. This paper makes an original contribution to the conceptual understanding of co-production in emphasising the benefit of paying attention to the network logic when building bridges between public healthcare and civil society – and to unite the seemingly contradictory “why” and “how” of co-production in practice.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2022-0027
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Leveraging markets to develop central capabilities: case studies
           of Cotati, CA, and Brownsville, TX

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      Authors: Edna Ely-Ledesma
      Abstract: Marketplaces have been central to civilization, as they foster trade and social life. Marketplaces are built environment (BE) interventions which, when looked at through a historical lens, reflect inequalities and subsequent deployment by people of color (POC). While the resurgence of farmers’ markets is a positive stride towards food justice over the past three decades, studies show that the disparities of class inequality and geographic constraints are key limitations to access for vulnerable populations. The fundamental question of this paper is, how can farmers’ markets use data to strategize and plan in ways that better serve their communities and give them more control' This paper brings together applied methods in marketplace research and spatial analytical processes geographic information systems (GISs) to inform the research questions through an intersectional model of analysis. Data analysis merges local data collected from the market organization using the Farm 2 Facts toolkit and publicly available data to conduct geospatial analysis of the markets and their surrounding context. Two case studies are explored in Cotati, CA, and Brownsville, TX. Despite the similarities and nuances of the two case studies, the data show that both markets serve a narrow pool of customers extended a couple of miles from the market. (1) The markets are not serving communities with the most need. (2) Farmers’ markets need to increase affiliation with POC. (3) Farmers’ market locations can impact control over one's environment. The research builds of Nussbaum's capabilities model and explores three capabilities that are in line with what markets (1) bodily health, (2) affiliation and perhaps most significantly (3) control over one's own environment. Farmers’ market location can impact control over one's environment.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2022-0056
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • We must deter, but not without trust: a case of formalising informal
           micro-entrepreneurs in Pakistan

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      Authors: Muhammad Shehryar Shahid , Lalarukh Ejaz , Kiran Ali
      Abstract: The policy approach in Pakistan with regard to combating the informal economy has remained quite myopic and skewed in its reliance on measures informed by the rational economic-actor theory as opposed to the social-actor approach. Thus, this study attempts to evaluate and synthesise the two alternative policy approaches and formulate a more theoretically integrative understanding of the subject. The authors gather data from 600 micro-entrepreneurs operating in the retail and wholesale sector of Lahore, Pakistan, which is then analysed using an ordered logit regression technique. In contrast to more developed countries, the finding here is that higher perceived penalties have a highly significant and positive impact on the level of formality of Pakistani micro-entrepreneurs. The perceived risk of detection, meanwhile, has only a moderately significant impact on the micro-entrepreneurs level of formality. Likewise, the level of vertical and horizontal trust has a positive but moderately significant impact on the level of formality. Nonetheless, both the vertical and horizontal trust exhibit a very significant moderating effect on the relationship between the use of penalties and the level of formality, that is, the higher the level of trust that the micro-entrepreneurs have in the state and other businesses, the lower is the effectiveness of punitive measures. Deterrence is an effective way to enhance the level of formality in the case of the Pakistani context. Nonetheless, the authors imply that without building trust, this overreliance on punitive and detective measures can actually be counter-productive. A combined and congruent (not sequential) use of voluntary compliance measures is thus warranted. It is a unique attempt to evaluate and synthesise the global policy theorisations in a non-mainstream and antagonistic climate, such as Pakistan.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2022-0042
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Information matters: attitude towards organ donation in a general
           university population web-survey in Italy

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Marco Terraneo , Alessandra Caserini
      Abstract: Transplantation extends and improves lives, but the shortage of organs is one of the main factors limiting the number of transplants in Italy, as well as in other countries. This study investigated the awareness about organ donation and the socio-demographic factors associated with donation will in a general population. In 2019, a survey was carried out by computer-assisted web interviewing. A questionnaire was sent via e-mail to 39,360 individuals (i.e. students, administrative and teaching staff of the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy). The response rate was 10.6% and 4,191 weighted cases were used in the analysis. This study showed a strong, positive attitude towards donation: over 96% of respondents stated to be keen on organ donation. Of the respondents, 40.8% considered themselves informed on medical procedures involving organ donation, and only 15.8% thought to have sufficient legal information. Overall, only 17.7% of respondents thought that the information available was sufficient to make informed decisions. According to the respondents, ethical and religious implications were the main reasons (30% of answers) that limited the level of information. Just 57.9% of respondents had already recorded their willingness to donate. Among them, renewal of the identity card was the most common motivation (55.8%) and the main motivation reported for lack of expression of donation will was the lack of opportunity or time (61.5%). A positive attitude towards donation demands a wide public education programme and opportunities to declare one's will to donate to increase the population of potential organ donors.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2022-0020
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Am I better off changing my name to “Alexander”' Ethnic
           discrimination and its effect on wages in the Russian labor market

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      Authors: Mekhraly Shakhbazov , Ahmed Badreldin
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether ethnic discrimination is present in the Russian labor market and whether it has a significant economic effect on the potential salaries of applicants. Data were collected using a correspondence audit for four experimental male applicants with identical professional and personal characteristics while differing only in applicant name as a signal of applicants' ethnic background. Implied ethnicities include Russians, Armenians, Jews and North Caucasians. Résumés were sent out to 800 real unique vacancies on behalf of the experimental applicants with a geographic focus on the capital Moscow. The results of the analysis suggest that there is a significant difference in treatment in both response rate and potential average salaries on ethnic grounds. Disadvantaged groups were found to be systematically pushed into jobs paying 15% less monthly wage. The study investigates the existence of ethnic discrimination in the Russian labor market and furthermore economically quantifies the effects of discrimination.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-15
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2022-0039
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The concept of “non-standard marriages” in the theory of
           family law in Russia

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      Authors: Aleksey Anisimov , Elena Eltanskaya , Agnessa O. Inshakova
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to classify and study the features of the types of non-standard marriages existing in Russia (de facto, sham, same-sex marriages), in order to adjust their legal regulation by the state. The authors of the article examined the theoretical and practical problems of state recognition and regulation of non-standard marriages not recognized by the state, and justified a new strategy of support (in the case of de facto marriages) or counteraction (in the case of sham marriages) of these social phenomena by the state and law. In the light of the negative attitude of Russian citizens to same-sex marriages, the possibility of their support in the future is justified. Having studied three types of non-standard marriages, the authors substantiate the need for a different approach of the state to further legal regulation of these social phenomena. It is proved, that in relation to same-sex marriages, the existing non-recognition and negative attitude of the legislator and society in Russia to their legalization will last until the attitude towards sexual minorities in general, changes in Russian society. De facto marriages should be introduced into the legal field, they should be given a normative definition and outline the general legal framework of the rights of de facto spouses and their children. As for sham marriages, it is proposed to consider the lack of intention to create a family and the selfish interest to be their main features pursued by one or both spouses entering into a sham marriage. The originality and value of the research is stipulated by the consideration of the legal regulation of marriage and family issues in the historical context of the development of the Russian state, as well as the evolution of ideas about morality in Russian society. The changing attitude of society towards de facto marriages, the increase in the number of unregistered married couples indicates the transformation of the moral values of young people and the need for the state to promote the legal protection of such married couples without trying to prohibit or restrict them. Existing approaches to the legal regulation of sham marriages require adjustments, including incorporating the notion of “fictitious divorce” in family legislation.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-13
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2022-0043
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Redefining the role of young farmers: participatory action youth-led urban
           agriculture

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      Authors: Nicholas DeMarsh
      Abstract: The research illustrates the impact of young people shaping a community-based program. From the perspective of a youth educator, this research uses participatory action research (PAR) in youth urban agriculture education. Findings illustrate how youth-led programming creates new processes, revealing new educational opportunities. Outcomes of education programs are strengthened by engaging with students in ways that interest them. Findings illustrate opportunities for social network bonding through community-based farm stands and challenges in social network bridging through Community Supported Agriculture (CSAs). Previous articles have noted the need for practitioner perspective in youth education. Scholars have also noted the lack of research that assesses the role of youth urban agriculture programming to advance community engagement. This article contributes to both.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2022-0004
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Are business friends social too' Understanding information sharing in
           an Indian dairy cooperative through a relational sociology lens

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      Authors: Shyam Singh , Neha Christie
      Abstract: Extant literature indicates that people use existing social networks for various collective activities as there is a cost involved to create and maintain separate networks for different activities. The authors build on the relational sociology framework and test this assertion in by examining a dairy cooperative society, which is a community organization. We hypothesize that the cooperative members are likely to use existing social networks to operationalize their cooperative (dairy-related matters) and other social and personal relations. This study tests the hypothesis by studying information sharing relations among the dairy cooperative members in two different social networks: the dairy information network and social information network. This study uses social network analysis to analyze relational data. The study finds that the members of the dairy cooperative maintain both information sharing networks separately and that each network has different control and efficiency mechanisms. The findings contradict the assertions of existing literature and establish that people ensure their business relations remain separated from their social relations to avoid the possibility of social conflicts affecting their business activities.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-11-2021-0281
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Home-based work or non-home-based work' Factors influencing work
           choices of women in the informal sector

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      Authors: Reetika Dadheech , Dhiraj Sharma
      Abstract: The purpose of the study is to determine the factors influencing the job choices of Indian women working in the informal manufacturing sector. The informal sector has always played a significant role in emerging and developing countries. This study investigates the effect of social cultural norms influencing women informal workers in the manufacturing sector to participate in home-based work (HBW) or non-home-based work (non-HBW) . Both Quantitative and Qualitative methodology have been used. In accordance with descriptive statistics, a multinomial logistic regression model was employed to assess women's likelihood of participation in home-based activities. To gain a more in-depth insight, semi-structured interviews were used to collect the perspectives of both men and women workers. The data were analysed using narrative analysis. The findings reveal that a high fixed cost is a key driver of HBW. Workers prefer to work from home when the loss of joint household production due to working outside is substantial. Social and cultural standards play a significant effect in job selection for women. These conventions limit women's employment options, and the current study demonstrates that strong social and cultural standards limit women to home-based jobs only. Enhancing women's involvement in the public realm is critical and may be accomplished by affirmative action; but, for women to be treated equally in their homes and in society, an attitude shift is necessary. Despite the government's initiatives and regulations aimed at protecting informal women workers, many of the programmes and legislation fall short. The position of women in this environment cannot be improved until and unless the norms of society are flexible and liberal for Indian women. The first step would be to educate people and make them aware of the need to abandon outdated practices and embrace new progressive ideals. It will not be achievable just via government efforts; rather, both the government and society must work together to achieve the same goal. The author hereby declares that this submission is their own work and to the best of their knowledge it contains no materials previously published or written by another person, except where due acknowledgement is made in the thesis. The author would like to undertake the above-mentioned manuscript has not been published elsewhere or under editorial review for publication elsewhere; and that all co-authors have agreed to have seen and approved the manuscript for submission.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-08-2021-0200
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Marketplace measurement: farmers, farmers markets and ecosystem services

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      Authors: Catie DeMets , Alfonso Morales
      Abstract: Farmers markets act as a nexus between farmers, community members and social values, and can foster significant community and environmental benefits. However, some of these benefits, including agricultural sustainability, are rarely measured or publicized, restricting the full potential of markets and their associated actors to generate public benefits. This study aims to consider how markets, planners and policymakers might address this gap to promote a healthy environment and climate change mitigation. In this article, the authors discuss their efforts to advance the above opportunity by developing, in collaboration with 20 farms across the USA, a citizen science data collection tool that measures and translates farm “ecosystem services” into accessible, public-facing formats to support informed farmer and consumer decision-making. The authors present takeaways from exploratory interviews with three farmer-collaborators, which illustrate how tools like ours can help farmers in myriad ways: setting benchmarks to measure on-farm improvement over time, legitimizing their work through scientific grounding, communicating environmental impacts to public audiences, increasing sales to fund sustainability efforts, gaining competitive edge and others. More broadly, the article exemplifies how marketplaces can strengthen symbiotic linkages between individuals, community allies and social goals through data measurement and communication, and reflects on how planners and policymakers might support these connections to advance public purposes. This research responds uniquely to a critical need identified by practitioners and academics to expand understanding and awareness of the ecosystem services farms provide.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-11-2021-0271
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Trends, risks and potential cooperations in the AI development market:
           expectations of the Hungarian investors and developers in an international
           context

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      Authors: Katalin Feher , Zoltan Veres
      Abstract: The goal of the paper is to identify the comprehensive trends, practical implications and risks of artificial intelligence (AI) technology in the economy and society, exploring the expectations of Hungarian powerful actors in a global arena. Sociology of expectations framed the theoretical considerations. The explorative research design presents an anonymous qualitative online survey. Respondents represent the Hungarian AI Coalition with a quarter of the members. The key finding is a controversial result. Although AI is interpreted as a decision-supportive and problem-solving technology for the economy, uncertainties and fears for the society are clearly formulated. Interpreting the results and the originality of the paper, trust building and responsibility sharing in cross-industrial collaborations are fundamental to reduce social uncertainties, override the popular or science fiction narratives and increase the future well-being. The length of textual responses did not allow a deeper analysis. However, for professional reasons, participants were committed to completing the survey. The paper suggests for business and policymaking to identify the AI technology as a tool distinguishing from tech-owners’ responsibilities. Therefore, the implications of the study support a reliable AI and also potential for cross-industrial collaborations. The paper highlights the uncertainties of business investment and policymaking to encourage a comparative research project in the EU for trustworthy AI. Similar exploratory studies with the same focus, sample and outcome are not available yet
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-25
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-08-2021-0205
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Digital labour platforms and neoliberal governmentality: the case of
           platform workers in Turkey

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      Authors: Kadir Uysal
      Abstract: The paper brings Foucauldian analysis of neoliberal governmentality in the discussion on the new forms of labour control within digital labour platforms. The aim of the paper is to reveal the effect of control mechanisms employed by platforms on “entrepreneurial self” within the context of work relations. Drawing on in-depth interviews, conducted with workers under different service categories, the author undertook an extended case study of Armut.com, a digital labour platform operating in Turkey. The study finds that competitive mechanisms employed by the platform have a considerable effect on worker self-commercialisation and self-rationalisation. This is dependent on different control mechanisms employed by the platform, based on different platform working models. The research brings the worker subjectivities to the discussion of control within the scope of digital labour platforms. By undertaking a rare empirical study on this issue, it contributes to the theory of entrepreneurial self within the scope of work relations.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-22
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-09-2021-0248
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Investigating the determinants of happiness index in EU-27 countries: a
           quantile regression approach

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      Authors: Ali İhsan Akgun , Serap Pelin Türkoğlu , Süheyla Erikli
      Abstract: This paper examines the determinants of happiness index ratings in European countries over 8 time points using unique data from the Eurostat, World Bank and World Happiness Reports. To examine the determinants of happiness index ratings for EU-27 countries over the period 2012–2019, panel ordinary least square and quantile regression model are used to data obtained from all sample. Evidence from European data on happiness index generate some important key outcomes; economic outcomes levels with both current taxes and inflation rate have a positively relationship on happiness index ratings (HIR), while total employment rate has a significant negativity on HIR. Additionally, in a quantile panel regression of 27 countries, the impact of financial inclusion on happiness index looks to change with a country's level of income. On the macroeconomic level, gross domestic product (GDP) improves the happiness index for the individual under certain conditions. Thus, GDP on 0.25th quantile levels positively and significantly impacts the HIR for leader countries. Empirical evidence suggests that macro-economic variables and the labor market proxies of the countries play a key role in determining HIR as well. The study extends the literature on developed countries and suggestions a particular perspective on the relationship between economic outcomes and happiness index. This study offers two main originalities: it simultaneously examines the “happiness-macroeconomic level” and “happiness-employment status dimension”, and it uses a quantile regression approach, including financial inclusion variation.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-18
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2022-0005
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Impact of psychological contract breach on innovative behaviour and
           well-being amongst academicians during COVID-19

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      Authors: Anushree Karani , Sunita Mall , Revati Deshpande , Mitesh Jayswal
      Abstract: The study aimed at understanding the relationship between psychological contract breach, well-being indicators, i.e. subjective well-being and mental well-being and innovative behaviour. Data were collected via a structured questionnaire through Google docs from 238 academicians working at different capacity in Indian academic industries. The hypotheses were tested using structural equation modelling. Psychological contract breach was positively impacting occupational stress and occupational stress was negatively impacting work engagement. Work engagement positively impacted innovative behaviour and well-being indicators. Occupational stress and work engagement mediated the relationship between psychological contract breach and well-being and innovative behaviour. The data for the study were collected from the employees working in education industry during the unlock COVID-19 pandemic situation. The study contributes by integrating social exchange theory (SET) and job-demands resources (JD-R) theory in the pandemic situation. In the current COVID-19 pandemic circumstance, the results showed precise factual evidence that answers the question of how unfulfilled expectations have a negative impact on academicians and educational institutions.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2022-0023
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Building a bridge between civic agriculture and civic engagement:
           farmers’ markets as communication infrastructure

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      Authors: Laura Witzling , Bret R. Shaw
      Abstract: This work aimed to show how farmers’ markets can act as communication infrastructure, and by doing so, facilitate civic engagement. We used communication infrastructure theory (CIT) as a guide. We integrated findings from two surveys that took place in the US state of Wisconsin. In a survey of Wisconsin farmers’ market leaders, we considered what features farmers’ markets have that may help them act as communication infrastructure. Using data from a survey of Wisconsin residents, we ran a regression model to demonstrate the relationship between farmers’ market attendance and micro-level storytelling about local food. We found that farmers’ markets can act as meso-level storytellers and provide a communication action context supportive of civic engagement. Through the farmers’ market leader survey, we found that over half of the markets noted existing partnerships with media outlets. Furthermore, farmers’ markets may connect residents to important organizations in the community. Many farmers’ markets had features to make them more physically and financially accessible, such as accepting food assistance benefits. With the Wisconsin resident survey, we found that farmers’ market attendance predicted storytelling about local food better than overall local food purchasing, further suggesting that markets can facilitate social interactions. We document an important benefit that farmers’ markets can offer communities: they have the potential to act as communication infrastructure. As stronger communication infrastructure can facilitate civic engagement, this work provides a mechanism by which to connect civic agriculture activities and increased levels of civic engagement.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-03-07
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-09-2021-0231
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Manager and vendor perceptions of farmers’ markets’ impacts
           on communities: evidence from Michigan

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      Authors: Phillip Warsaw , Chelsea Wentworth , Arena Lewis , Krista Isaacs , Abou Traore
      Abstract: The purposes of this paper are to: (1) characterize farmers’ market manager and vendor perceptions of the economic, social and environmental impact markets have on their local communities; and (2) how those impacts are tracked and communicated to market actors and the local community. Twenty-nine semistructured interviews were conducted with market managers and vendors across four farmers’ markets within Michigan. The interviews were coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. Managers and vendors report economic and social and environmental benefits associated with the presence of a farmers' market, consistent with the existing literature. Metrics are tracked to estimate market impact, particularly economic and social benefits. Market managers reported uncertainty about how best to use data internally, and there are gaps in communicating market impacts with vendors. Most data are used for external reporting, to statewide organizations or for grant evaluation. Respondents reported data fatigue and unwillingness among vendors to share personal business information due to concerns about privacy relative to the perceived benefits of sharing data. Additional resources are needed for markets, specifically market managers, to better utilize the data they collect for internal versus external purposes. Metric collection and reporting are a nascent development among markets. Understanding how market actors are utilizing these tools will provide guidance to improve future efforts at impact measurement.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-10-2021-0268
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Does unemployment affect the relationship between income inequality and
           food security'

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      Authors: Hazwan Haini , Siti Fatimahwati Pehin Dato Musa , Pang Wei Loon , Khairul Hidayatullah Basir
      Abstract: This study examines whether unemployment affects the relationship between income inequality and food security in 143 advanced and developing economies from 2000 to 2019. The authors specifically explore whether unemployment can weaken the negative impact of income inequality on food security. The authors estimate a new and robust index of food security using a generalized least squares approach. The authors then employ the system generalized method of moments to estimate the model as it allows the authors to control for endogeneity and simultaneity. The authors estimate an interaction term to account for the moderating impact of unemployment. The authors consistently find that income inequality has a negative and significant association with food security. However, the results differ between advance and developing economies. The authors find that unemployment rates have a negative relationship with food security in the sample of developing countries, where high levels of unemployment exacerbate the adverse effects of income inequality on food security. This is insignificant for advanced economies. The major limitation lies in the use of aggregated data, which overlooks the issue of food security at the household or individual level. Policymakers in developing economies can ensure job security in order to lessen the adverse effects of income inequality on food security. This study provides new empirical evidence on whether unemployment can potentially moderate and alleviate the impact of income inequality in advanced and developing economies.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-12-2021-0303
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The right to care' Social citizenship and care poverty in developed
           welfare states

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      Authors: Kirstein Rummery
      Abstract: There are clear theoretical, policy and practice tensions in conceptualising social or long-term care as a “right”: an enforceable choice. The purpose of this article is to address the following questions: Do disabled and older citizens have the right to long-term care' What do these rights look like under different care regimes' Do citizens have the right or duty to *provide* long-term care' It is already known that both formal and informal care across all welfare contexts is mainly provided by women and that this has serious implications for gender equality. In this article, the author takes a conceptual approach to examining the comparative evidence from developed welfare states with formal long-term care provision and the different models of care, to challenge feminist care theory from the perspective of those living in care poverty (i.e. with insufficient access to long-term care and support to meet their citizenship rights). Drawing on her own comparative research on models of long-term and “personalised” care, the author finds that different models of state provision and different models of personalised care provide differential citizenship outcomes for carers and those needing care. The findings indicate that well-governed personalised long-term care provides the best outcomes in terms of balancing potentially conflicting citizenship claims and addressing care poverty. The author develops new approaches to care theory based on citizenship and care poverty that have not been published elsewhere, drawing on models that she developed herself.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-01-12
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-09-2021-0229
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The determinants of the link between life satisfaction and job
           satisfaction across Europe

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      Authors: Natalia Soboleva
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect of work values and socio-demographic characteristics upon the link between life satisfaction and job satisfaction. The European Values Study (EVS) 2008–2009 is used as the dataset. The sample is limited to those who have paid jobs (28,653 cases). Socio-demographic characteristics matter more than work values in explaining the effect of job satisfaction on life satisfaction. The association between life satisfaction and job satisfaction is stronger for higher educated individuals and those who are self-employed and weaker for women, married individuals, religious individuals and those who are younger. Extrinsic and intrinsic work values significantly influence life satisfaction independent of the level of job satisfaction. It is important to pay attention to the working conditions and well-being of the core of the labour force, in other words, of those who are ready to invest more in their jobs. Also, special attention should be given to self-employment. The paper compares the roles of work values and of socio-demographic characteristics as predictors of the association between job satisfaction and life satisfaction. It shows that the role of job in person's life depends largely on demographic factors, religiosity and socio-economic factors.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2022-01-04
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-06-2021-0152
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Orality, literacy and the “great divide” in cultural values

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      Authors: Hamid Yeganeh
      Abstract: Building on the “Great Divide” thesis (Goody, 1977; Ong, 1982), this study analyzes the conceptual relationships between the two main communication modes (orality/literacy) and cultural values. The study adopts a purely conceptual approach to connect orality and literacy with nine cultural dimensions adopted from Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck’s (1961), Hall’s (1976) and Inglehart’s (1997) frameworks. The analyses suggest that orality is associated with values such as high-context communication, poly-chronic time, public space proxemics, collectivism, hierarchical social structure, subjugation, past orientation, religiousness/traditionalism and survival cultural dimensions. Literacy is associated with opposing values, including low-context communication, mono-chronic time, private space proxemics, individualism, egalitarian social structure, dominance, future orientation, secularity/rationality, and self-expression cultural dimensions. The paper relies on modernization theory to explain the socio-economic implications and organizes the nine pairs of cultural dimensions according to the great divide between orality and literacy. Theoretically, this study conceptualizes orality and literacy, analyzes their salient differences and examines their relationships with cultural values. While many studies have tried to explain the differences in cultural values from an economic perspective, this study offers an alternative view of cultural values’ variations across the world.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-04-2021-0088
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Longer working lives – what do they mean in practice – a case
           of the Baltic countries

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      Authors: Jolanta Aidukaite, Inga Blaziene
      Abstract: The article seeks to contribute to a better understanding of older people's situation in the labour market in three Baltic countries – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Three Nordic countries are taken as a reference point to compare the countries in order to better understand the situation from a comparative point of view. The article asks the questions: Does a longer working life for older people contribute to their better economic situation' How satisfied are they with a longer working life and their working conditions' Do they experience any discrimination in the labour market because of their age' In order to understand the situation of older people in the labour market, the authors employ welfare state models and the Active Ageing Index. The welfare state models help us to understand the context in which the working life of older people is taking place. The Active Ageing Index helps to gain a better understanding of the employment domain of active ageing. The analysis is based on several Europe-wide data sources: statistics on earnings from Eurostat database, information on income, job prospects, occupational safety and health, training, working life perspectives from the European Working Conditions Survey as well as a special survey, conducted by the authors, of Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian residents aged 50 years and older. Analysis conducted reveals that in the Baltic countries older employees, although actively participating in the labour market, face unfavourable material, physical and psychological situation in the labour market more frequently than their younger colleagues. The findings show that the most important factors influencing older employees' decision to stay longer in the labour market in the Baltic countries are linked mostly to welfare state-related issues, i.e. financial benefits, healthcare, possibility to reconcile work and family obligations. These welfare state-related issues are even more important for those who are going to stay longer in the labour market after reaching the retirement age. This article contributes to a better understanding of older (50+) people's situation in the labour market. It suggests that, while the increasing employment of older people increases the Active Ageing Index and is generally viewed positively, in some countries with less developed welfare states high employment rates of older employees, although providing them with an additional means of livelihood, do not ensure a higher quality of life and, on the contrary, act as a factor reducing the quality of work and, at the same time, the quality of life.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-06-22
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2021-0049
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Testing the link between psychological contract, innovative behavior and
           multidimensional well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic

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      Authors: Anushree Karani, Revati Deshpande, Sunita Mall, Mitesh Jayswal
      Abstract: The study investigates the impact of psychological contract breach on employees' innovative behavior and well-being (happiness, work engagement and mental well-being) who are working from home during this COVID-19 pandemic situation. Drawing on social information processing (SIP) and job-demand resource (JD-R) theory, job stress was proposed as a mediator explaining this relationship. Data were collected via a structured questionnaire through Google Docs from 258 respondents working at different capacity in Indian organizations. The study includes those respondents who are working from home during COVID-19 pandemic situation. The hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). Psychological contract breach was negatively impacting innovative behavior and well-being. Job stress mediated the relationship between psychological contract breach and innovative behavior as well as well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic situation and especially for those who are working from home only. The data for the study were collected from the employees working from home during this COVID-19 pandemic situation was cross-sectional. The study implied or spoke about the unmet expectations leading to reduced innovative behavior harming the organization's effectiveness and it also reduces well-being which harms the individual in the era of social and financial uncertainty. The novel contribution of the study is integrating SIP and JD-R theory during the pandemic situation. The results highlighted meticulous empirical evidence which answers the question that how the unmet expectations cause a detrimental effect on the employees as well as the organizations in this COVID-19 pandemic situation.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-05-12
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2021-0032
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The influence of sociodemographic behavioural variables on health-seeking
           behaviour and the utilisation of public and private hospitals in Ghana

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      Authors: Awinaba Amoah Adongo, Jonathan Mensah Dapaah, Francess Dufie Azumah, John Onzaberigu Nachinaab
      Abstract: Several studies have described health-seeking behaviour within the context of various diseases, the health status and age group. However, knowledge on patient health-seeking behaviour in the use of public and private hospitals and socio-demographic characteristics in developing countries is still scarce. This paper examines the influence of socio-demographic behavioural variables on health-seeking behaviour and the use of public and private health facilities in Ghana. Quantitative research approach uses the modified SERVQUAL dimension as a data collection tool. Descriptive statistics with Pearson's chi-square test were conducted to determine the relationship between socio-demographic behavioural variables and health-seeking behaviour of patients using public and private hospitals. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between the socio-demographic characteristics (sex, marital status, education, level of income) and the health-seeking behaviour of patients in regard to the utilisation of public and private health facilities (p 
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-05-11
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-03-2021-0068
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The impact of civil liberties, global health security, median age and
           population size on the spread of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2)

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      Authors: Habtamu Legese, Wondmagegn Biru, Frezer Tilahun, Henock Semaw
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of civil liberties, global health security, median age and population size on the spread of COVID-19 across the globe. This study was done by taking data from 166 different countries from the Economist Intelligence Unit, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, World Bank, Johns Hopkins University and United Nations Population Division (UNPD). After conducting all the necessary standard econometric tests, the study was analyzed using the ordinary least squares (OLS) regression. The finding of the study indicated that COVID-19 tests per million people (LTT/PM), Population Size (LPOP), Civil Liberty Index (CLI) are statistically significant and positively affect the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases; on the other hand, the Health Security Index (HSI) negatively affects the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases. In emergency circumstances, the government ought to have a special responsibility to align civil rights with the protection of public health cautiously. However, measures to restrict civil liberties must be proportionate. Besides other variables, the study included and considered civil liberties as a significant factor to affect the spread of COVID-19, which is a new contribution to the existing body of knowledge in the field.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2021-0018
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • COVID-19 induced impact on informal migrants in Bangladesh: a qualitative
           study

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      Authors: Md. Salman Sohel, Babul Hossain, Md. Kausar Alam, Guoqing Shi, Rubaiyat Shabbir, Md. Khaled Sifullah, Most. Monowara Begum Mamy
      Abstract: This study intends to explore the impact of occupation and income on informal migrants in the face of COVID-19 induced lockdown in Bangladesh and their coping strategies to survive the pandemic situation. The study adopted a qualitative research design in which four urban areas were chosen purposively from various parts of Dhaka city. The authors conducted 21 semi-structured in-depth interviews, four FGDs and eight months over participant observation for achieving study objectives. The four stages of data analysis used a thematic approach in the interpretive phenomenological analysis. The results showed that respondents were massively affected due to loss of income and occupation in the period of induced lockdown. Besides, most people lost their earning sources entirely in this amid pandemic which bound them starvation in the mealtime along with several dynamic complications. The findings also revealed that they followed some surviving strategies such as taking loans, reducing expenses, consuming less food, selling land, jewelry, and goods, relatives and neighbor support, and government relief. Although these strategies somewhat supported them to struggle with the situation, their livelihood features became fragile immensely. The findings will be an important guiding principle for the policymakers, aid organizations and development practitioners to prepare development policies for vulnerable informal migrants in developing countries like Bangladesh. This is the first study that explores the informal migrants’ occupation and income during COVID-19 induced lockdown in Bangladesh. This research also highlights coping strategies of the informal migrants to survive the pandemic situation.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2021-0046
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Do social capital and networks facilitate community participation'

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      Authors: Mudit Kumar Singh, James Moody
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to find theoretical and practical linkages between social capital, network and community participation. The study examines the role of popular social capital and its forms in shaping community participation under the influence of socioeconomic status of individuals. The paper uses household survey data (N = 135) from select north Indian villages to assess the role of social capital and individuals’ networks (measured through their network size) in participation. The participation is measured in terms of attendance and vocal participation. The study finds significant evidence that the networks do not play a uniform role in collective participation. The elitist form of social capital exists in the community which can leverage the networks to their benefit, whereas many people, despite large network size, cannot actively participate. Social capital and networks are not entirely conducive for collective participation and favours a few in the community. Additionally, networks do facilitate information flow but do not help in achieving active engagement. Hence, the peer effect is not truly reflected in vocal participation all the time, especially in local governance context. The conclusion of the study is based on small sample size from seven villages. Nonetheless, in light of the supporting literature available, it provides useful insights and triggers important questions that need microscopic analysis under the macroscopic umbrella of social capital. On policy fronts, takeaway from this paper can be used for policy and law formulation for lower strata of the society such as labour law formulation and labour behavioural practices in community participation. The research findings can be utilized for the emerging applications of social networks in understanding local governance and community engagement in developing societies. This research has used a novel field experiment conducted by one of the authors himself. The empirical assessment of social capital and networks in local governance can be replicated elsewhere to study participation in other societies as well. In terms of policy, the research underscores the need of using social capital notion while assessing the community engagement in local governance.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-05-05
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-01-2021-0022
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Understanding the link between government cashless policy, digital
           financial services and socio-demographic characteristics in the MENA
           countries

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      Authors: Amari Mouna, Anis Jarboui
      Abstract: To help inform the debate over whether socio-demographic characteristics are related to the use of digital technologies, the authors investigated the effects of age, gender, education, income and being in the workforce on changes in using financial digital services using panel data collected in the MENA countries during 2017. This study aims to identify the impact of government policy on the determinants of financial inclusion and digital payment services in the MENA region. The authors use microdata from the 2017 Global Findex database on MENA countries to perform probit estimations. The paper focuses on the role of technology adoption by government authorities in extending financial inclusion and digital payment around different people. The authors find that poorer people (and, by association, less educated people) and the young (but less so the elderly) are disproportionately excluded from the financial system. Results confirm that better collaboration between the government and the financial sector can help to develop digital financial inclusion through the technology adoption channels. The study confirms the significant impact of the government cashless policy in advancing financial inclusion in the MENA countries, with potentially wider applicability to other developed economies. Policies to advance mobile money innovations could stimulate financial inclusion by promoting digital transaction services. The role of government authorities is imperative to harness the beneficial and sustainable gains from digitizing remittances and transfers to promote a cashless economy. Financial inclusion promotes equality through a broadening of the system and government cashless policy can be a major catalyst for greater financial inclusion. It helps in the overall economic development of the underprivileged population and contributes to poverty reduction.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-05-03
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-12-2020-0544
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • A cross-national investigation into the effects of religion on gender
           equality

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      Authors: Hamid Yeganeh
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the effects of religion on gender equality at the national level. The study distinguishes between the concepts of religiosity and religious affiliation and introduces a measure of religious diversity. The study defines religiosity and gender equality as multidimensional concepts and relies on a wide range of secondary data from credible sources such as the World Value Survey, the United Nations, Gender Gap Report and the World Economic Forum to analyze the effect of religious factors on gender equality in more than 70 countries. The analyses show that after controlling for the effects of socio-economic development, religiosity tends to impede gender equality. It is found that Muslim and Hinduism affiliations are negatively and Protestant affiliation is positively associated with gender equality. Furthermore, Catholicism and Eastern Orthodox affiliations and religious diversity do not significantly affect gender equality. At the theoretical level, this study distinguishes between religious affiliations and religiosity and relies on the modernization theory to offer valuable insights into the relationship between religion and gender equality. This study's findings could serve managers and policymakers in dealing with gender disparities in different spheres of social life at the practical level.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-04-30
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-10-2020-0479
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Migration policies and practices at job market participation: perspectives
           of highly educated Turks in the US, Canada and Europe

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      Authors: Cihan Aydiner, Erin Rider
      Abstract: This study aims to clarify the labor market participation of highly educated Turks who moved or were exiled to the Western countries after the July 15th, 2016 Coup attempt in Turkey. These recent Turkish flows create a compelling case for researching higher education connections and the administration of justice in migration policies/practices related to highly educated people's job market participation. This study aims to expand the discussion on migration policies, practices, job market participation, how highly skilled migrants perceive them in various contexts and understand the complexity of highly educated migrants' incorporation into destination countries and their perspectives and lived experiences with policy practice. The primary source of the data is the semi-structured 30 interviews with the highly educated Turkish immigrants and refugees in Western countries, which enables comparative data from individuals of the same origin. The qualitative data have been transcribed, coded and analyzed according to the grounded-theory design from this vulnerable community. The high education was determined as graduation from 4-years colleges, which was recognized by destination countries. Our methodological tools were driven by the obstacles to collect data from politically sensitive, forced, or exiled migrants. First, this article challenges the assumption that incorporating job market participation is a smooth process for highly educated migrants who moved to Western countries. Second, highly educated immigrants tried to reach their previous statuses and life standards as fast as possible by working hard, making sacrifices and developing innovative strategies. The immigrants in Europe have faced greater obstacles with policies while participating in the job market. Third, the importance of networking and the active usage of social media platforms to communicate with other immigrants in similar situations facilitated the job market participation and job preferences of highly educated migrants. Fourth, while fast job market participation experiences of immigrants in Northern America were increasing their positive feelings regarding belonging, people who have similar skillsets in Europe experienced more problems in this process and felt alone. The research results may lack generalizability due to the selected research approach. Further studies are encouraged to reach more population for each country to compare them. Consequently, higher education may be a more vital decision point in migration policies and practices. This study contributes to a better understanding of these factors by showing the perspectives and experiences of highly educated migrants comparatively. Thus, it broadens the discussion about migration policies and job market participation of highly educated migrants. Building on this work, the authors suggest more studies on the temporary deskilling of highly educated migrants until they reach re-credentialing/education or training to gain their former status. First, while most studies on immigrants' labor market participation and highly educated immigrants focus on voluntary migrants, this study examines underrepresented groups of involuntary migrants, namely forced migrants and exiled people, by focusing on non-Western Muslim highly educated Turks. Second, the trouble in the Middle East continues and regimes change softly or harshly. There is a growing tendency to examine these topics from the immigrants' perspective, especially from these war-torn areas. This article adds to this discussion by stating that rather than forced migration due to armed conflict, the immigrants from Turkey – the non-Arab Muslim state of the Middle East – are related to political conditions. Lastly, drawing on the relationship between social change in the origin country and migration and addressing the lack of reliable and comparative data, this study focuses on same origin immigrants comparatively in eight different countries.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-04-29
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2021-0044
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Robo-Advice (RA): implications for the sociology of the professions

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      Authors: Mark N. Wexler , Judy Oberlander
      Abstract: This conceptual paper explores the implications for the sociology of the professions of robo-advice (RA) provided by robo-advisors (RAs) as an early example of successfully programmed algorithmic knowledge managed by artificial intelligence (AI). The authors examine the drivers of RAs, their success, characteristics, and establish RA as an early precursor of commercialized, programmed professional advice with implications for developments in the sociology of the professions. Within the lens of the sociology of the professions, the success of RAs suggests that the diffusion of this innovation depends on three factors: the programmed flows of automated professional knowledge are minimally disruptive, they are less costly, and attract attention because of the “on-trend” nature of algorithmic authority guided by AI. The on-trend nature of algorithmic governance and its increasing public acceptance points toward an algorithmic paradox. The contradictions arise in the gap between RA marketed to the public and as a set of professional practices. The incursion of RA-like disembodied advice into other professions is predicted given the emergence of tech-savvy clients, the tie between RA and updatable flows of big data, and an increasing shift to the “maker” or “do-it-yourself” movements. Using the success of RAs in the financial industry, the authors predict that an AI-managed platform, despite the algorithmic paradox, is an avenue for growth with implications for researchers in the sociology of the professions.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-09-2021-0245
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Who should care' Exploring the views and experiences of individuals in
           negotiating solutions for health security

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      Authors: Tauchid Komara Yuda
      Abstract: The Indonesian healthcare system has been reformed in tune with economic and political changes. The reform was pursued by encouraging growing reliance on individual contributions. Consolidating citizens' support has become increasingly important for the long-term sustainability of the programme. This study explores individual views and experiences in negotiating solutions for health security under the situation where pre-industrial modes of informal network remain intact, while private healthcare continues to be in demand by population segments targeted by the system. Individual attitudes toward the current healthcare system were explored using online interviews (N = 75) in the cities of Jakarta and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The qualitative exploratory approach resorted to personal views on the importance of the state, family and market in health risk management. Perceptions on who should be responsible for healthcare, and the political legitimacy of the welfare-state approach to healthcare were also observed. A thematic coding strategy was used for the data analysis. Those interviewed value and support the formal system (either state and market), yet place reliance on informal support (family and relatives). Intertwining views of religious teaching, filial piety, moral obligation were the most common reasons for individuals to support such dual welfare systems. The findings reflect the common attitudes toward welfare in the context of changing realities of individualised society at the early stage. This article represents a valuable contribution at the empirical level because it provides an assessment of individuals' attitudes toward Indonesia's recent health arrangements. Such individuals are those belonging to the targeted population of the contributory system. This study also offers an alternative framework for understanding the nature of the healthcare regime generated from the perspectives of individuals.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-12-14
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-09-2021-0246
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The master narrative of older employees in changing workplaces

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      Authors: Tuukka Niemi , Kathrin Komp-Leukkunen
      Abstract: Interest in older employees increases in times of population ageing. Previous research exploring the situation has underlined older employees' struggle with workplace changes. However, it has not explored their master narrative – the socially shared narrative about older employees that steers behaviour. This study explores this narrative and its differences across changing workplaces. It draws on Lyotard's suggestion that master narratives disintegrate in post-modern societies. This study conducts focus groups among older Finnish employees of an airline, postal service and social care. These groups experienced different kinds of workplace changes, namely mass layoffs, digitalisation and restructuring. The focus groups highlight the individuals' shared narratives, thereby pinpointing the master narrative. The master narrative describes how simultaneous changes at the workplace and in their health lead older employees to look for ways to exit their jobs. This narrative is largely stable across workplaces, showing no disintegration but some variation. This is the first study on the master narrative of older employees and its disintegration. To the authors’ knowledge, it is also the first study to use focus groups to explore a master narrative.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-12-07
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-06-2021-0153
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Tax compliance and non-deterrence approach: a systematic review

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      Authors: Muh Dularif , Ni Wayan Rustiarini
      Abstract: This research systematically reviewed studies on tax compliance based on five determinants consisting of tax services, trust in government, personal norm, social norm and religiosity. The research used a vote-counting method to synthesize 279 studies consisting of 160 empirical studies and 119 non-empirical studies conducted from 1946 until 2017. The research has made a relatively robust conclusion related to the impacts of determinant factors on tax compliance. Tax service and trust in government are the most critical factors to increase tax compliance. Personal norm, social norm and religiosity encourage tax compliance, yet the influence is not as strong as expected. This research suggests that improving tax service and government trust are more effective and relatively easier to implement than developing the taxpayers' positive behaviors. Several studies conducted to synthesize the impacts of determinant factors on tax compliance were only limited to the empirical research which provided sufficient statistical data. On the other hand, there were many substantial research types discussing tax compliance without involving statistical numbers. The facts have distorted the complete picture of tax compliance. Recently, no synthesis studies have comprehensively combined and compared the empirical with non-empirical research based on the related theories. Thus, the synthesis studies that discuss tax compliance based on non-deterrence approach are still limited.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-04-2021-0108
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Exploring the impact of gender on challenges and coping during the
           COVID-19 pandemic

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      Authors: Kathryn Krase , Leina Luzuriaga , Donna Wang , Andrew Schoolnik , Chantee Parris-Strigle , Latoya Attis , Petra Brown
      Abstract: Repercussions to everyday life caused by the COVID-19 pandemic disproportionately impacted certain segments of the population, including older adults, communities of color and women. The societal response to reduce the impact of the pandemic, including closing schools and working from home, has been experienced differentially by women. This study explored how individual challenges and coping mechanisms differed for women as compared to men. This study used an anonymous, cross-sectional, online survey early in the COVID-19 pandemic. Convenience, snowball and purposive sampling methods were used. Data were collected in June 2020 targeting adults living in Canada and the USA, with a total of 1,405 people responding, of which, the respondents were primarily women, White and with high education levels. The results of this study confirm previous research that women struggled more to adapt to the pandemic and felt less prepared than men during the COVID-19 pandemic. Further, this study found significant differences in the sources of information and support used by women as compared to men. The findings of this study not only confirm past research but also highlight that practice and policy responses to this pandemic, and future research on national level crises need to be targeted by gender, so that different needs are effectively addressed. Additionally, this article also identifies sources or challenges, as well as support, in order to inform and strengthen such responses.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-08-2021-0202
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Keeping a distance but heading in the same direction: formal rules on
           unemployment benefit sanctions and social assistance benefit sanctions in
           Poland, 1989–2014

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      Authors: Bartosz Pieliński , Tomasz Mering , Ryszard Szarfenberg
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine the development of welfare conditionality and especially benefit sanctions in Central and Eastern Europe (the CEE) and to develop a methodology by implementing Institutional Grammar (IG) for studying rules on benefit sanctions relying only on legal text. IG was used as a tool for analyzing legal regulations on benefit sanctions. It was incorporated into a social rights framework that provided a theoretical background for the study. The paper shows the dynamic development of rules on benefit sanctions in Poland in social assistance and unemployment services. Both the harshness and strictness of these rules have increased. Simultaneously, the rules of benefit sanctions in social assistance remain more liberal than those associated with unemployment services. The study presents the first comprehensive and concise overview of benefit sanctions development in the CEE and the first long-term comparison of these types of sanctions in two safety net systems operating in one country. The study also used IG for the first time in social policy research.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-11-26
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-09-2021-0227
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Mass homeownership policy and economic well-being of the elderly:
           empirical evidence from the Polish household survey

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      Authors: Edyta Marcinkiewicz , Filip Chybalski
      Abstract: The authors’ empirical investigation attempts to identify the nexus between the economic well-being of Polish elderly households and their housing situation, which can be related to the impact of the mass privatization policy implemented in Poland in the early 1990s. The generation who benefited from the process at that time currently includes great majority of people at retirement age who are homeowners. In the study, the authors employ micro data from the Polish Social Diagnosis household survey and analyze them in a multinomial logistic regression framework. They explore the nexus between both subjective and objective measures of income and housing circumstances. The results imply that housing arrangements do not significantly differentiate Polish households in terms of their economic well-being when controlling for other sociodemographic factors. This may result from two independent, but possibly overlapping, reasons. The first is that housing circumstances are quite evenly distributed across elderly population as compared to income. This may be a direct effect of the “(socialist) state legacy,” as in the socialist era there was a strong focus on diminishing income and wealth inequalities in society. The second explanation is that better housing circumstances are not a sufficient means to improve the welfare of the elderly. The study’s analysis is associated with little investigated area of the welfare effects of homeownership in the old age at the individual level. It explores this issue on the example of Poland, which is a typical representative of the group of post-socialist countries that share a common feature of “state legacy welfare” that is characterized by extensive mortgage-free homeownership.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-11-26
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-09-2021-0232
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Work–life balance: a systematic literature review and bibliometric
           analysis

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      Authors: Kumari Rashmi , Aakanksha Kataria
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide a clear view of current dynamics and research diversification of extant literature in the field of work-life balance (WLB). This paper provides a systematic and critical analysis of WLB literature using bibliometric analysis. Scopus database has been used for carrying out this review that is based on 945 research papers published from 1998 to 2020. The prominence of the research is assessed by studying the publication trend, sample statistics, theoretical foundation, the highly cited research articles and journals, most commonly used keywords, research themes of top four recognized clusters, sub-themes within each cluster and thematic overview of WLB corpus formed on the premise of bibliographic coupling. Additionally, content analysis of recently published papers revealed emerging research patterns and potential gaps. Major findings indicate that the research area consists of four established and emerging research themes based on clusters formed as (1) flexible work arrangements, (2) gender differences in WLB, (3) work–life interface and its related concepts, and (4) WLB policies and practices. Emerging themes identified through content analysis of recent articles include gender discrepancy, the impact of different forms of contextual (situational) factors and organizational culture. This research paper is the first of its kind on the subject of WLB as it provides multifariousness of study fields within the WLB corpus by using varied bibliographic mapping approaches. It also suggests viable avenues for future research.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-11-16
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-06-2021-0145
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Discussion of citizen behavioural change using the nudge effect:
           a perspective based on social policy interventions

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      Authors: Hiroko Oe , Yasuyuki Yamaoka
      Abstract: This study aims to present a communication model for promoting value co-creation between citizens and policymakers and to draw out proposals on the rationale in implementing nudge effect as well as key policy implications. The paper also revisits the close relationship between information senders and receivers (citizens) from the perspective of “citizen behaviour change” and focuses on the nudge effect, which strengthens the communication skills of policymakers (information senders) and accelerates the behaviour change of citizens (i.e. the recipients of information). Based on the study, the authors propose a conceptual framework to explain the spontaneous incentive structure of citizens. This study uses a conceptual discussion based on a literature review. It examines the nudge effect on citizen behaviour based on information and communications models and theories. From critical discussions of literature, it proposes an analytical model that focuses on the nudge effect put forward in behavioural economics and takes into account the importance of measures to increase the sensitivity and empathy of the recipients of information. The authors revisited the relationship between information senders and receivers from the perspective of citizen behavioural change and focus on the nudge effect, which strengthens the communication power of policymakers and accelerates the behavioural change of citizens (i.e. the recipients of information). According to the study, the authors propose a conceptual framework to explain citizens' spontaneous incentive structure. The dual perspective of policymakers and citizens should be central to the collaboration between citizens and policymakers to enhance the effectiveness of social policies, where the scope and type of value generated and the perspective of social value are essential. This paper bridges the interdisciplinary research fields of behavioural economics and social policy. It is hoped that the model proposed in this paper will be an effective discussion framework for relevant researchers and practitioners when considering human resource training and system building related to information dissemination. In addition, it is hoped the model will be an effective tool for deepening discussions on topics that help to facilitate information transfer and communication within organisations. The realisation of policy intentions within the core elements of the social policy process, such as the definition of key objectives, policy mechanisms and legislation, are central elements of policy formation and are said to be highly similar across countries. The framework proposed in this study is a valid resource that can be applied in other countries and can be expected to act an effective guidepost for policy makers and other stakeholders engaged in social policy. Up to this point, in examinations of encouraging behavioural change in information recipients, attention has been focussed on the aspect of increasing the sender's ability to transmit information. Interventions, such as increasing the energy of the delivery, increasing the frequency and diversifying the media to make a strong impression on the receiver's consciousness, have been considered and implemented. However, this study suggests that, in addition to such efforts on the part of the sender, it is important to increase the sensitivity and affinity of the receiver to the message as preliminary preparation to receiving it.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-11-16
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-08-2021-0210
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The importance of moral culture in questions of welfare deservingness
           – the case of the US

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      Authors: Jacob Didia-Hansen
      Abstract: Deservingness theory is gaining popularity in the study of European welfare attitudes but has found little application in the United States. In this article, the author explores what happens if deservingness theory is applied in the study of American perceptions of deservingness and ask which criteria Americans use when deciding the deservingness of needy individuals. To capture the variation in American perceptions of deservingness, the author compared qualitative data from two cases. The first case is the liberal northeastern city of Boston, Massachusetts, where 19 interviews were collected, and the second case is the conservative southern city of Knoxville, Tennessee, where 26 interviews were collected. To ensure that any differences in the use of deservingness criteria are due to differences in moral culture, the author chose to interview a similar segment in both cases – the white middle class. The author found that interviewees in both cases defined deserving individuals as those whose neediness is due to factors beyond their control and undeserving individuals as those whose neediness is caused by their own poor work ethic. Furthermore, the author found three so-called context-related criteria that do not fit into the existing deservingness framework: a criterion following a cost-benefit logic, the principle of universalism and a principle based on family obligations. These findings confirm trends in recent deservingness studies indicating that the sensitivity of deservingness theory to the importance of moral culture in the use of both deservingness criteria and context-related criteria must continue to develop.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-11-11
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-07-2021-0169
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Influence of social structures on transnational migration duration: the
           case of Vietnamese contract workers returning from Taiwan

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      Authors: Nguyen Quynh Phuong , Sundar Venkatesh
      Abstract: Limited previous studies about Vietnamese returned migrant workers reviewed that a relatively high rate of migrants returned home before their contract ended. This paper aims to explore how the decisions to return were made under social lenses. This paper analyses data obtained through in-depth interviews of contract workers who had worked in Taiwan with a focus on Phu Tho province in Vietnam. The authors followed O’Reilly’s (2012) adaption of Practice theory in migration research to examine a group of Vietnamese labour migrants returning from Taiwan. Under this theory, external and internal structures are the two divisions of the social environment. The authors identified external structures that might enable or constraint migrant’s mobility. When negotiating internal structures, Vietnamese women might end their contract early in response to family obligations. The findings provide insights into how women make their decisions when to return, which may contribute to a better understanding of how to assist women engaged in transnational labour migration.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-10-25
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-05-2021-0117
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Does flexible work arrangements decrease or increase turnover
           intention' A comparison between the social exchange theory and border
           theory

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      Authors: Mung Khie Tsen , Manli Gu , Chee Meng Tan , See Kwong Goh
      Abstract: More companies embrace flexible work arrangements (FWA) as one of their employee retention strategies, yet its effectiveness is not consistent. Generally, past researchers use the social exchange theory to explain how FWA lowers turnover intention, while the rest adopts the border theory to justify why FWA can be ineffective. Here, the authors compare the competing theories for the first time to differentiate the theoretical reasoning of three forms of FWA (flex time, flex leave and homeworking). Two mediators (organisational commitment and work−family conflicts) are chosen to represent the mechanism of each theory. The authors employ the latest wave of the International Social Survey Program (ISSP) Work Orientation Module from 2015. Based on nationally representative data from 35 nations and 17,604 participants, the authors employed simple mediation and parallel double-mediation models via bootstrapping procedures to investigate the theoretical reasoning behind each FWA. The results indicate that organisational commitment and work−family conflicts as significant mediators in all models, supporting both theories. The authors first tested each mediator in separated models. In models concerning the social exchange theory, all FWA lead to increased organisational commitment before lowering turnover intention, implying the beneficial outcomes of FWA. However, findings also support the border theory's perspective where flex time and homeworking increase turnover intention through heightened work−family conflicts. The parallel double-mediation further suggests that all three FWA forms have their unique theoretical framework, impacting turnover intention differently. Both the social exchange theory and border theory are well-developed theories but grounded on different theoretical reasoning. This is the first paper that compares both theoretical perspectives in the context of FWA. It offers a new perspective in explaining the inconclusive effectiveness of FWA and provides future researchers a more integrated interpretation and prediction of FWA's impact on turnover intention.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-10-04
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-08-2021-0196
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Modelling the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on South African livelihoods

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      Authors: Benjamin Aye Simon , Isaac Khambule
      Abstract: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-induced declining economic prospects and accompanying economic shocks present socioeconomic vulnerabilities for developing economies at the tranches of poverty, unemployment and minimal social security. South Africa is one of the countries that have the most precarious societies in developing nations due to the triple challenges of unemployment, poverty and inequality. As such, this paper investigates the impact of the pandemic on South African livelihoods. This paper uses secondary data obtained from the National Income Dynamics Study – Coronavirus Rapid Mobile Survey (NIDS-CRAM) Wave 1 dataset to analyse the impact of COVID-19 on South African livelihoods. The findings reveal that COVID-19 amplified the country's poor and vulnerable population's socioeconomic conditions because of the stringent Level 5 lockdown regulations that barred low-income households from making a livelihood. It further revealed that low-income households, who are the least educated, Black African, female and marginalized, were disproportionally socioeconomically affected by losing the main household income. The research is limited in that it used secondary quantitative data that relied on a telephonic survey during the COVID-19 lockdown period. This study offers a policy suggestion that increasing social grants during the pandemic will not have any significant impact on the livelihoods of many South Africans unless distributional inequalities are reduced. The government needs to develop welfarist policies to protect the most vulnerable in society to limit the socioeconomic impact of pandemics and take proactive policy measures to reduce unemployment and income inequalities in the country. The paper contributes to understanding the precarious nature of low-income households.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-04-2021-0099
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Lessons from abroad for funding long-term care in England: a prospective
           policy transfer perspective on official documents

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      Authors: Martin Powell
      Abstract: Many governments stress the importance of “learning from abroad”. An analysis of official documents over a period of some 20 years examines learning from abroad in the case of funding long-term care in England through the lens of prospective policy transfer. The paper analyses the eight “official” documents in England that examined funding LTC from 1999 to 2019. It uses interpretive content analysis in a deductive approach that focuses on both manifest and latent content. Only four of the eight documents gave more than a token level of attention to other nations, and of the remaining four, none fully satisfied the criteria or followed the recommendations of prospective policy transfer. Moreover, a rather limited pool of lessons from other nations is examined. Much of the material is rather descriptive, with limited explicit attention towards goals, problems, settings and policy performance, and a clear recommendation explicitly associated with a clear lesson or policy recommendation is rare. This is the first analysis of the eight official documents that have discussed funding long-term care in England.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-06-2021-0154
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Can risk communication in mass media improve compliance behavior in the
           COVID-19 pandemic' Evidence from Vietnam

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      Authors: Pham Tien Thanh , Le Thanh Tung
      Abstract: During the COVID-19 pandemic, mass media play a vital role in containing the outbreak of the virus by quickly and effectively delivering risk communication messages to the public. This research examines the effects of risk communication exposure on public understanding and risk perception of COVID-19 and public compliance with health preventive measures. Data from Vietnam during COVID-19 social distancing and path analysis model are used for empirical analysis. This analysis finds that exposure to risk communication in mass media encourages public compliance directly and indirectly through the mediating roles of public understanding and risk perception. Further investigations also find that exposure to risk communication in both online media and traditional media facilitates public compliance. In addition, exposure to risk communication in online media only raises public risk perception, whereas exposure to risk communication in traditional media only raises public understanding. This research implies that traditional and online media should be combined to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of government risk communication work. This research is among the first attempts that examine the role of mass media (both traditional and online) in enhancing public compliance with preventive measures directly and indirectly through the mediating roles of public risk perception and understanding.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-09-21
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-05-2021-0122
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Workplace preparedness for an ageing workforce: a case study

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      Authors: Valerie Egdell , Gavin Maclean , Robert Raeside , Tao Chen
      Abstract: For many nations, their workforces are ageing. The purpose of this paper is to explore the concerns and attitudes of employers to employing older workers and what information they require. A questionnaire survey of workplaces was undertaken in the Fife region of Scotland, which in economic and demographic terms is representative of wider Scotland and other nations in Northern Europe. Descriptive analysis was undertaken to give insight into concerns and actions taken regarding ageing workforces. Most workplaces perceive more advantages to employing older workers than challenges. Many have adapted training and work practices, but many have not. The majority surveyed believe that existing policies and strategies are sufficient. This points to the need for national and local government and employer associations to become more active to persuade workplaces to better manage future workplaces. Generalisability is problematic and the small sample restricted the scope of statistical analysis. The authors were unable to judge the severity of how an ageing workforce impacts on workplace performance, as employers found it difficult to conceptualise and identify the impact of ageing from market and economic pressures. Resulting from population ageing the workforce of many societies are becoming older, this will impact on workplace relations and the social identity of those over the age of 50 years. Little research has been undertaken to assess workplaces awareness of, and how to adapt to, an ageing workforce, and research is required to inform and guide management strategy of employers.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-09-21
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-07-2021-0175
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Predictors and effects of scientific knowledge

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      Authors: Jasna Milošević-Đorđević , Duško Kljajić , Jelena Sladojević Matić , Živojin Đurić
      Abstract: Scientific knowledge has been a topic of interest for scholars for a long time; however, its impact on scientific decision- making and determining trust is severely underresearched. This study is aimed at determining the relationship between cultural and social attitudes and scientific knowledge and the impact of knowledge on trust in scientists in general. The authors conducted a face-to-face survey, drawing from a nationally representative sample of the adult Serbian population (N = 1,451). The authors tested the following parameters: a. the levels of scientific knowledge within the Serbian population; b. social and cultural values as predictors of scientific knowledge and c. the effects of scientific knowledge on trust in scientists. The analysis shows a moderate level of scientific knowledge, predominantly positive public attitudes towards scientists. The authors found that scientific knowledge indeed predicts trust in scientists on various issues, and so do cultural and social worldviews, both directly and even more significantly through the mediation of scientific knowledge. This is the first attempt to assess the level of scientific knowledge among the Serbian public and evaluate its, as well as other factors', influence on public attitudes toward scientists in a time when trusting experts is of great relevance.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-09-14
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-06-2021-0159
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Community work practices against children poverty in Southern Italy.
           Exploring experiences and perspectives in local welfare

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      Authors: Emanuela Chiodo
      Abstract: This paper has a dual purpose: on one side, it analyzes what types of solidarity and social relations are implemented as social support resources applied to actions aiming at the empowerment of children living in poverty. On the other, it investigates on the role of the community in the governance of local welfare practices and its ability to produce social innovations for municipal policies in favor of children and adolescents. Proximity, flexibility, generativity and territoriality are just some of the features that – in the framework of the scientific debate – characterize the social work in areas of social disadvantage. In the framework of the debate, this paper presents a qualitative research on the social ties and educational practices promoted and implemented by nonprofit organizations that attempt to counteract educational poverty and social exclusion of children and adolescents in the eastern peripheral neighborhoods of Naples, one of the poorest cities in the South of Italy. The results of the analysis reveal a capacitating and generative role of the actions applied to social and educational practices for children and adolescents and their families in poor neighborhoods and peripheral areas; a role that is, however, also useful for community social policies targeting children and adolescents. Among local welfare policies enhancing community resources, such practices have indeed become an active resource of subsidiarity; they also ensure wider rights and empowerment for children and adolescents who live in poor communities and for their families as well. More recent studies focusing on the role of social ties in deprived context and impoverishment processes, demonstrated that nonprofit organizations operate as crucial actors fostering inclusion and social cohesion, by means of “elective participation”; this guarantees access to protection and recognition resources that are an integral part of the social support these organizations provide in their areas of intervention. Despite the wide debate on the key role of the Third Sector in territorial welfare policies, further empirical studies on the role of these organizations in poor neighborhoods of the cities of the south of Italy are necessary. The value of this article is an attempt to provide to bridge this gap.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-09-09
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-04-2021-0077
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Constructing the “good” mother: pride and shame in lone mothers'
           narratives of motherhood

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      Authors: Madeleine Leonard , Grace Kelly
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore how lone mothers define “good” mothering and outlines the extent to which feelings of pride and shame permeate their narratives. The empirical data on which the paper is based is drawn from semi-structured interviews with 32 lone mothers from Northern Ireland. All the lone mothers resided in low-income households. Lone mothers experienced shame on three levels: at the level of the individual whereby they internalised feelings of shame; at the level of the collective whereby they internalised how they perceived being shamed by others in their networks but also engaged in shaming and at the level of wider society whereby they recounted how they felt shamed by government agencies and the media. While a number of researchers have explored how shame stems from poverty and from “deviant” identities such as lone motherhood, the focus on pride is less developed. The paper responds to this vacuum by exploring how pride may counterbalance shame's destructive and scarring tendencies.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-08-31
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-06-2021-0151
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • “If you fulfill your promise, I will be an asset for you”: exploring
           the relationship between psychological contract fulfillment and individual
           ambidexterity

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      Authors: Anushree Karani , Mitesh Jayswal , Rasananda Panda , Payal Trivedi
      Abstract: Healthcare is a vital sector in any economy, and the healthcare industry employees should be treated well. Work policies and practices shape the psychological contract (PC) of an individual. The purpose of this paper is to explore healthcare employees' PC fulfillment from the lenses of work practices and how it affects their ambidextrous behavior (explorative and exploitative activities). This study follows a mix-method research design. First, the authors conducted telephonic interviews to enlist the PC fulfillment items, and after checking the reliability and validity, the authors conducted the survey using a descriptive research design. The sampling method was snowball sampling, where 786 respondents from 6 hospitals were surveyed, and AMOS (analysis of a moment structures) 20 was used for the structural equation modeling (SEM). For the healthcare sector employees, a sense of belongingness has contributed the highest in exploration activities followed by work–life balance, rewards and managerial support. Work–life balance has contributed highest in exploitation activities, followed by a sense of belongingness, teamwork and managerial support. The study offers important implications for researchers and employers of the healthcare sector and highlights the significance of the PC fulfillment, leading to the employees' ambidextrous behavior. There was no prior work that had empirically proved the relationship between PC fulfillment and ambidextrous behavior. In the study, an attempt was made to identify the healthcare industry's work practices and how that is associated with explorative and exploitive ambidextrous behavior. The paper instigates the imperative deliberation on PC fulfillment and ambidextrous behavior for healthcare sector employees.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-08-31
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-06-2021-0164
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Hybridization in a kibbutz industry structure: an Israeli case study

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      Authors: Yaffa Moskovich
      Abstract: This article analyzes a kibbutz factory and seeks to understand its unique hybrid structure following privatization, comparing it with that of other kibbutz industries in Israeli society. The research used qualitative investigation, including interviews and document analysis practice. The study describes hybrid model that is based on conflicting logic, as the kibbutz industry contains both communal and familial principles and bureaucratic and business features. This case study succeeded in striking a balance between the two conflicting logics through sound managerial policy adapted for the sake of communal interests. This typology can be applied to other business organizations that underwent organizational changes as well. The authors developed an alternative hybrid organization typology capable of describing new trends in kibbutz industry.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-08-27
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-02-2021-0050
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • In God we trust…and Caesar too' Evaluating the link between
           religiosity and trust in government

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      Authors: Nicholas Creel
      Abstract: The study aims to establish that religiosity has a positive link with government trust, making the secularization trend all the more likely to further erode this already fragile resource. Through the use of data from the World Values Survey and European Social Survey the link between religiosity and trust in government is examined. Religiosity and trust in government are positively linked in aggregate data. The analysis is based on aggregated data, not individual countries, and religiosity is a complex concept to measure. Secularization will have a long-term negative effect on government trust. Low levels of trust in government in the West are likely here to stay, or even worsen, as populations continue to secularize. With less trust in government, it will be more difficult to govern effectively. The author has not yet seen a full test on how secularization will impact trust in government. In fact, this study makes clear that the trend goes a long way explaining why trust in government has been falling in the developed world for decades.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-06-2021-0156
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Individuals' waste separation practice in a relationship with social
           bonds: a case study of Hanoi, Vietnam

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      Authors: Thi Kim Nhung Nguyen
      Abstract: The paper aims to ascertain whether residents in Nguyen Du ward still sort their waste at source following the end of the 3R project that ended in 2009. Additionally, this paper aims to explore the relationship between waste separation practices and social bonds. The Travis Hirschi theory of social control was applied, together with the mixed method research design which included a structured questionnaire survey. Twelve semi-structured interviews were also conducted with residents and the data processed by SPSS software, using Chi-Square test, Independent-Samples t-test and Pearson's correlation analysis. A proportion of respondents has continued practicing waste separation since the 3R project ended. The study also indicated that the greater the involvement in family and neighborhood activities the more the participants were likely to practice waste separation. The small sample size limits the extent to which the most influential factors can be determined and therefore the degree to which the findings can be generalized. The study includes implications for rerunning the waste separation programs for households as together with community campaigns to improve individuals' attachment and commitment and thus their participation in pro-environmental behaviors. To the author’s knowledge, this is the first study to take a sociological approach to investigate factors affecting household waste separation, which has attracted little attention in previous studies. Useful information is also provided to local authorities for a policy-making process to implement effective domestic waste policies.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-08-11
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-07-2021-0184
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Processes of normative regulation in spaces of “solidarity economy”: a
           comparative case study analysis

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      Authors: Ana Margarida Esteves
      Abstract: This research article addresses the role of processes of normative regulation, driven by distinct approaches to collective action and underlying narratives of social change, in the construction of “solidarity economy” initiatives as parallel spatialities to that of the mainstream economy. This article is based on a comparative case study analysis, informed by aspects of the Grounded Theory and Extended Case Study methods, of an ecovillage, an alternative commercialization network and an “integral cooperative”. The analysis is illustrated with fieldwork data on food production, commercialization and consumption, given its centrality in the construction of human livelihoods and lifeworld. The resulting conceptual framework identifies three methodologies of normative regulation: Prefigurative social technologies and capitalizing upon power and reputation to exert influence over other economic actors; being part of a wider class-based emancipatory political project; mobilizing online peer-to-peer platforms and community currencies to construct an alternative institutionality. This article constitutes an exploratory analysis. Further research, based on the application of mixed methodologies to larger samples, will further expand the setup and applicability of these concepts. This analysis will allow scholars and practitioners alike to gain a deeper understanding of how different approaches to collective action, based on distinct structural standpoints and narratives of change, constitute alternative economic spatialities to those of the mainstream economy. The comparative approach used in this article, as well as the resulting concepts, have the potential of contributing to the convergence of “solidarity economy” strategies between initiatives and movements with different approaches to collective action, therefore contributing to improve their capacity to exercise influence upon incumbent institutional regimes, as well as promote socio-economic change. This article aims to bridge a significant gap in the understanding of how “solidarity economy”-based parallel spatialities emerge and coexist with the mainstream economy: It analyses how processes of normative regulation result from narratives of change with distinct approaches to collective action, based on the standpoint of actors located differently within structural power relations.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-07-26
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-12-2020-0540
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • “I am OK when you are with me” – Understanding the well-being and
           innovative behavior in the digitized workspace

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      Authors: Anushree Karani , Swapnil Abhishek Mehta
      Abstract: The study aimed at understanding the relationship between supervisor and coworker support, psychological contract fulfillment, work engagement, well-being (different forms) and innovative behavior in the digitized workspace during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Data were collected via a structured questionnaire through Google Docs from 239 respondents working in the sales department of the consumer durable industry through snowball sampling. Supervisor and coworker support was positively contributing to psychological contract fulfillment. Further, psychological contract fulfillment was positively contributing to work engagement. Along with innovative behavior, four forms of well-being, i.e. emotional, psychological, workspace and life were studied as outcome variables. Work engagement positively contributes to innovative behavior and well-being. The study examined the relationship between various organizational variables in consumer durable industry. Future work should involve studying the effect in other industries and functional areas. The study examined how the supervisor and coworker act as an enabler in fulfilling the psychological contract in the digitized workspace. Organizations also understand the importance of work engagement in maintaining well-being and innovative behavior. The paper initiates the important debate on well-being and innovative behavior in the digitized workspace for the sales employees of the consumer durable industry.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-07-26
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-05-2021-0127
      Issue No: Vol. 42 , No. 5/6 (2021)
       
  • Unearthing the response pattern of COVID-19 research in social sciences

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      Authors: Vibhav Singh , Surabhi Verma
      Abstract: The sudden onset of COVID-19 has brought about a watershed moment in the current research across all disciplines. As it has impacted almost all aspects of human existence, academicians are aggressively trying to understand the phenomenon from multidisciplinary perspectives. In this regard, the present study attempts to provide an in-depth understanding of academia's response pattern in the field of social sciences using a grounded theory literature review and bibliometric analysis. The present study analyzed 395 research articles on the pandemic phenomenon, yielding five main themes and 11 sub-themes. The emergent research themes are global impact on public health, the influence of COVID-19 on workplace functioning, global governance in COVID-19, research ethics in scholarly works and the influence of COVID-19 on demography. Drawing from these themes, the authors provide propositions, policy implications and future research directions.
      Citation: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
      PubDate: 2021-07-06
      DOI: 10.1108/IJSSP-04-2021-0094
      Issue No: Vol. 42 , No. 5/6 (2021)
       
  • International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

       
 
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