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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 602 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academia y Crítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Social Analysis     Open Access  
Advanced Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advertising & Society Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
African Sociological Review : Revue Africaine de Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AlterNative : An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Sociological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 385)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 337)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio I – Philosophia-Sociologia     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annual Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 304)
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Anthropologie et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
AntropoWebzin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antyajaa : Indian Journal of Women and Social Change     Hybrid Journal  
Anuari del Conflicte Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Argumentos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Arte, Individuo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Artes Humanae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal for Poverty Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ateliers d'anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access  
Aztlan : A Journal of Chicano Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Berliner Journal für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cadernos CERU     Open Access  
Cadernos Zygmunt Bauman     Open Access  
Cahiers d'Asie centrale     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de recherche sociologique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cahiers québécois de démographie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers Société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Ethnic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Graduate Journal of Sociology and Criminology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Women and the Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Review of Sociology / Revue Canadienne De Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Celebrity Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Sociological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Chophayom Journal     Open Access  
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciência & Tecnologia Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência & Trópico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Docencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Cities in the 21st Century     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
City & Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clepsidra. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Estudios sobre Memoria     Open Access  
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Clivatge. Estudis i testimonis sobre el conflicte i el canvi socials     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communication Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Community Empowerment     Open Access  
Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Comparative Studies in Society and History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
Configurações     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflicto Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluences Méditerranée     Full-text available via subscription  
Contemporary Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Sociology : A Journal of Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Contemporary Voice of Dalit     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contributions to Indian Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Controversias y Concurrencias Latinoamericanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Criminologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Discourse Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Critical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Cross-cultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos del CENDES     Open Access  
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Debates en Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Design and Culture : The Journal of the Design Studies Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access  
Diferencia(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dilemas : Revista de Estudos de Conflito e Controle Social     Open Access  
DIMENSI : Journal of Sociology     Open Access  
disClosure : A Journal of Social Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
Educação, Escola e Sociedade     Open Access  
Éducation et socialisation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eko-Regional : Jurnal Pembangunan Ekonomi Wilayah     Open Access  
Em Debate     Open Access  
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Emotions and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfances, Familles, Générations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Entramados : educación y sociedad     Open Access  
Entramados y Perspectivas     Open Access  
Environmental Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Epos : Genealogias, Subjetivaçãoes e Violências     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Espiral     Open Access  
Espirales     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Estudios Rurales     Open Access  
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Estudios Sociologicos     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Estudos de Sociologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Ethnologia Actualis     Open Access  
Ethnologia Fennica     Open Access  
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
European Review of Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Eutopía - Revista de Desarrollo Económico Territorial     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Extensão Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Feministische Studien     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Finance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fokus pa familien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Forum Sociológico     Open Access  
Frontiers in Human Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Hábitat y Sociedad     Open Access  
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Hispania     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Homo Ludens     Open Access  
Horizontes y Raíces     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Housing and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human and Social Studies     Open Access  
Human Architecture : Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Factors in Information Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Human Figurations : Long-term Perspectives on the Human Condition     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
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American Behavioral Scientist
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.982
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 24  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0002-7642 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3381
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1090 journals]
  • Distributing Computing Devices in Classrooms: Hedonic and Utilitarian
           Influences on Science and Technology Attitudes
    • Authors: Young June Sah, Taj W. Makki, Shelia R. Cotten, R. V. Rikard
      Pages: 973 - 993
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Volume 64, Issue 7, Page 973-993, June 2020.
      While extensive efforts have been made to harness benefit of computing technologies in education, little attention focuses on how such efforts lead to students’ positive attitudes toward science and technology. Building on the technology acceptance model and motivation literature, the current study proposed that hands-on experiences with computing devices allow students to perceive their technology use as being useful and enjoyable, which in turn leads to positive attitudes toward science and technology in general. Data collected from a pedagogical intervention support our predictions regarding the role of utility perception and enjoyment. Furthermore, it is suggested that students’ prior attitudes toward science and technology and the type of device used in the intervention influence perceived usefulness and enjoyment of classroom computing. When using education-specific devices, students’ prior attitudes were positively associated with postintervention attitudes as well as with utility perception and enjoyment. When using general-purpose devices, however, students’ prior attitudes were not related to those outcomes. These results imply that distribution of technologies to schools may improve attitudes toward science and technology, particularly in populations that have been underrepresented in the fields of science and technology thus far.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-06-20T05:31:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919140
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 7 (2020)
       
  • Publicity and Transparency
    • Authors: Tim Wood, Melissa Aronczyk
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Publicity and transparency are two foundational ideas about the proper structure of democratic communication. In a context of utterly transformed public discourse, it is time to rethink the value of these concepts and especially their relationship to one another. This special issue aims to test prevailing assumptions about these terms as they are reshaped in the present era of organized promotional culture. To begin, the present introduction recasts the concepts of publicity and transparency as tools for analyzing and organizing communicative power rather than as normative ideals in their own right. To this end, we present three core arguments for rethinking transparency and publicity today. First, all acts of transparency entail a redistribution of communicative power but not an inherently egalitarian or democratic one. Second, publicity is the central means by which transparency distributes communicative power. And third, scholars must analyze transparency, like publicity, as a professionalized and industrialized field. By centering questions of power and practice, this special issue aims to animate a research agenda attentive to the relational character of both transparency and publicity in hopes of foregrounding the ways the concepts might be used in service of more equitable political alignments.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-31T11:18:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220945359
       
  • Who Is Community Engagement For': The Endless Loop of Democratic
           Transparency
    • Authors: Caroline W. Lee
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article approaches college and university community engagement as a publicity practice responding to complex pressures in the U.S. higher education field. Democracy initiatives in American academia encompass a range of civic activities in communities near and far, but the forces driving their production are decidedly nonlocal and top-down. Good intentions are no longer enough for colleges and universities facing crises on a number of fronts. Today’s community collaborations must be intensive, reciprocal, deliberative, and appreciative. This mission of democratic transparency pursued by institutions involves extensive efforts to certify civic empowerment for public audiences and funders, trade and professional associations, state legislatures, and federal regulators. A promotional perspective on community engagement in higher education shifts attention from the authentic grassroots transformations that are its putative focus to the larger processes driving this activity and its outcomes: not least, the pursuit of legitimacy through increasingly elaborate self-assessment strategies. This endless loop—and its demands that engagement be ever more democratic and transparent, in its practice and in its evaluation—demonstrates not only the reach of promotional transparency, but its characteristic shape and reflexive organizational routines.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-29T10:35:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220945358
       
  • State Segmentation and Democratic Survival in Latin America
    • Authors: Matias López
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Popular models portray that high inequality induces elites to sponsor coups and reverse democratization as a means for repressing redistributive demands. Challenging this prediction, Latin America shifted from a historical pattern of systematic democratic breakdowns to one characterized by the resilience of democracy despite extreme levels of inequality. This article argues that the reminiscence of state-led repression under democracy explains why elites more regularly waive coups as solutions to distributive conflict in Latin American democracies. I call this state segmentation, a concept that describes the asymmetries between the enforcement of citizenship rights for those in privileged positions and for the poor. Wherever state segmentation is high, the odds of democratic breakdown should be lower. I test the argument using logistic regression models to predict the probability of coups and mandate interruptions considering different levels of state segmentation in Latin America using V-Dem data. Results show that asymmetries in access to citizenship rights indeed prevent democratic breakdowns.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-27T06:24:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220941244
       
  • Know Your Indoor Farmer: Square Roots, Techno-Local Food, and Transparency
           as Publicity
    • Authors: Garrett M. Broad
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Advocates of indoor vertical farming have pitched the enterprise as key to the future of food, an opportunity to use technological innovation to increase local food production, bolster urban sustainability, and create a world in which there is “real food” for everyone. At the same time, critics have raised concerns about the costs, energy usage, social impacts, and overall agricultural viability of these efforts, with some insisting that existing low-tech and community-based solutions of the “good food movement” offer a better path forward. Drawing from a mix of participant observation and other qualitative methods, this article examines the work of Square Roots, a Brooklyn-based indoor vertical farming company cofounded by entrepreneur Kimbal Musk and technology CEO Tobias Peggs. In an effort to create a market for what I refer to as “techno-local food,” Square Roots pitches its products as simultaneously “real” and technologically optimized. As a way to build trust in these novel products and better connect consumers with producers, Square Roots leans on transparency as a publicity tool. The company’s Transparency Timeline, for instance, uses photos and a narrative account of a product’s life-cycle to tell its story “from seed-to-store,” allowing potential customers to “know their farmer.” The information Square Roots shares, however, offers a narrow peek into its operations, limiting the view of operational dynamics that could help determine whether the company is actually living up to its promise. The research provides a clear case study of an organization using transparency–publicity as market strategy, illustrating the positive possibilities that such an approach can bring to consumer engagement, while also demonstrating how the tactic can distract from a company’s stated social responsibility goals.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-27T06:23:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220945349
       
  • The Shortcomings of Transparency for Democracy
    • Authors: Michael Schudson
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      “Transparency” has become a widely recognized, even taken for granted, value in contemporary democracies, but this has been true only since the 1970s. For all of the obvious virtues of transparency for democracy, they have not always been recognized or they have been recognized, as in the U.S. Freedom of Information Act of 1966, with significant qualifications. This essay catalogs important shortcomings of transparency for democracy, as when it clashes with national security, personal privacy, and the importance of maintaining the capacity of government officials to talk frankly with one another without fear that half-formulated ideas, thoughts, and proposals will become public. And when government information becomes public, that does not make it equally available to all—publicity is not in itself democratic, as public information (as in open legislative committee hearings) is more readily accessed by empowered groups with lobbyists able to attend and monitor the provision of the information. Transparency is an element in democratic government, but it is by no means a perfect emblem of democracy.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-24T10:37:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220945347
       
  • Politics and Inequality in Comparative Perspective: A Research Agenda
    • Authors: Matias López, Joshua K. Dubrow
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Democracy’s normative foundation is political equality. Yet the dominance of the elite over the masses, and the systematic exclusion of particular social and economic groups from the influence on, and outcomes of, important decisions, manifests in political inequality. If this situation is normatively intolerable, why does political inequality endure' We build on the theoretical and empirical literature of politics and inequality and the collection of articles in this special issue to argue that the reproduction of political inequality within and across nations and time results from two key interrelated mechanisms: elite coordination and mass discoordination. We discuss how these mechanisms shape patterns of contestation and participation that reproduce inequalities in both old and new democracies.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-24T10:13:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220941234
       
  • How Protesters and the State Learn From One Another: Spiraling Repertoires
           of Contention and Repression in Ukraine, 1990-2014
    • Authors: Olga Zelinska
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article employs a contentious politics framework to examine the mobilization–repression nexus as it occurred in Ukraine from the 1990 Revolution on Granite, through the 2000-2001 Ukraine without Kuchma campaign and the 2004 Orange Revolution, to the 2013-2014 Euromaidan movement. Comparative analysis of these four cases suggests that developments in both the contentious and repressive repertoires resembled spirals: each campaign became more complex and of longer duration than the last, and each was driven by the repeated protester–government interactions and by the political, economic, and technological environment that changed over time. In the transit from autocracy to democracy, Ukrainian activists adopted and “normalized” political protest much more quickly than did the authorities. The activists creatively innovated as they borrowed from earlier dissent traditions and from other social movements abroad. For the government, the process of learning how to manage contention with means other than their usual repression tactics was much longer, and it is not over. As it slowly transits from Soviet past to democracy, Ukraine continues its development into a “social movement society.”
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-24T10:13:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220941223
       
  • Party Positions, Income Inequality, and Voter Turnout in Canada, 1984-2015
    • Authors: Matthew Polacko
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Scholars have focused on the relationship between income inequality and voter turnout cross-nationally and within the United States. However, rising inequality and declining turnout has afflicted Canada to a greater extent than most other Western countries. As turnout in Canadian federal elections began to decline appreciably in the 1990s, inequality began to rise. With multilevel pooled analysis utilizing Canadian Election Studies from 1984 to 2015, party manifesto data, and measures of inequality at the subnational level, this article tests the effects of income inequality on turnout in Canada, and whether the relationship is conditioned by party policy programs. In line with relative power theory, mixed-effects regressions indicate that inequality is negatively associated with turnout, especially for low-income earners. However, latent conflict is manifested when political parties propose greater redistribution, as the negative effects of inequality on turnout are then significantly alleviated.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-23T04:25:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220941238
       
  • Elite Trust and the Populist Threat to Stable Democracy
    • Authors: John Higley
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      One aspect of elite theory holds that democratic stability depends heavily on elites trusting each other to keep distributive issues from reaching acute degrees impelling power seizures. This presumes that agreement about the distribution of valued things is seldom deep or wide in large publics. When distributive issues rise to clear public consciousness, the tendency is toward civil strife. Populists assail and undermine elite trust and the management of politics by elites. They thereby weaken an important basis of democratic stability. I argue that the rise of populist leaders to power leads to an erosion of elite trust, which makes distributive issues more acute and threatens the stability of democratic institutions.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-20T05:50:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220941215
       
  • Economic Elites’ Attitudes Toward Meritocracy in Chile: A Moral
           Economy Perspective
    • Authors: Jorge Atria, Juan Castillo, Luis Maldonado, Simón Ramirez
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      We analyze economic elites’ perceptions and beliefs about meritocracy from a moral economy perspective. A moral economy perspective considers how norms and beliefs structure socioeconomic practices through the constitution and expression of what is considered acceptable, proper, and legitimate. Our study explores how economic elites make sense of the roles of talent and effort in the distribution of resources and how they reconcile the idea of meritocracy within a rigid social order. The site of our study is Chile, a country with fluid mobility between low and middle classes, but with high and persistent disparities and strong barriers to elite positions. We conducted 44 semistructured interviews with shareholders, board members, and high-level executives of large or high-turnover companies in three major Chilean cities. We find that the economic elite strongly support meritocracy but explain access to top positions based on talent rather than effort. The economic elite define talent in terms of business and leadership skills. They attribute upward mobility in the private sector to meritocratic practice. At the same time, they view the public sector as the epitome of nonmeritocratic practices, incompetence, and inefficiency. They profess empathy with the poor, but they reject redistributive policies. The economic elite believe in the primacy of competition in economic life and the necessity of continual economic growth, and thus, they understand meritocracy as both the means to survive in a market economy and a responsible approach to lead national development.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-18T05:41:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220941214
       
  • Youth, Institutional Trust, and Democratic Backsliding
    • Authors: Joonghyun Kwak, Irina Tomescu-Dubrow, Kazimierz M. Slomczynski, Joshua K Dubrow
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      In recent decades, many countries ranging from quasidemocratic regimes to well-established democracies have faced democratic backsliding. In this study, we draw on Foa and Mounk and other related literature to examine the effects of regime delegitimation on democratic backsliding, focusing on youth’s trust in political institutions—parliament, legal systems, and political parties—relative to trust of the older population. We use an unbalanced panel data set that combines a country-year indicator of liberal democracy from the Varieties of Democracy project with aggregate survey-based measures of absolute and relative institutional trust from the Survey Data Recycling database; the data set covers 46 countries from 2009 to 2017. We find that the ratio of youth’s institutional trust to that of older persons has a substantive effect on the quality of liberal democracy in the future, and that the effect is amplified by the relative size of the youth population.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-17T04:50:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220941222
       
  • Protest Issues and Political Inequality in Latin America
    • Authors: Nicolás M. Somma, Matías Bargsted, Felipe Sánchez
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Many studies reveal that socioeconomic resources increase protest participation, lending more political voice to the affluent and reinforcing preexisting political inequality. But existing studies ignore whether this holds across different protest issues. We argue that some issues reinforce political inequality, while other ones do not. We differentiate between survival protests—in which people react to direct threats to their material and social survival—and furtherance protests—which press authorities to make policy changes that seek to improve some aspect of society. Regression models with Latin American survey data show that people with higher socioeconomic status are overrepresented in furtherance protests, by implication reinforcing preexisting political inequality. However, survival protests attract people socioeconomically similar to national averages, contributing to a more balanced political field. Our results emphasize the need to reconsider the place of issues in the study of protest participation, political inequality, and political behavior in general.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-15T01:04:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220941233
       
  • Ethical Considerations for Postdisaster Fieldwork and Data Collection in
           the Caribbean
    • Authors: Hans M. Louis-Charles, Rosalyn Howard, Lionel Remy, Farah Nibbs, Grace Turner
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The postdisaster environment presents a multitude of ethical and logistical challenges for researchers interested in gathering timely and unpreserved data. Due to the unavailability of secondary data in the immediate aftermath of disasters, postdisaster researchers have become dependent on qualitative methods that involve engaging with disaster survivors as research participants. This is a common interaction in the Caribbean due to the region’s high occurrence of disasters and human participant engagement by external researchers during the postdisaster phase. However, due to escalating unethical practices since the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Caribbean nations are beginning the process of censuring unapproved postdisaster fieldwork by external researchers. In this study, the authors approach these ethical considerations through a justice lens to propose a checklist for postdisaster researchers interested in ethical fieldwork and justice for their research participants. Correspondence with Caribbean emergency managers confirms the negative perception toward external researchers and the trend of enacting protocols that stop unvetted community access following disasters. However, these local agencies acknowledge the benefits of ethical postdisaster research and are open to serving as research coordinating centers. Such coordinating centers would harness local capabilities and lower the likelihood of the duplication of research topics and the overburdening of survivors as research participants.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-10T07:57:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220938113
       
  • Examining Postdisaster Behavior Through a Criminological Lens: A Look at
           Property Crime
    • Authors: Kelly Frailing, Dee Wood Harper
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Disaster sociology has a rich and undeniably valuable history. Among other things, it has revealed much about the behavior of disaster survivors. In recent years, criminologists have turned their attention and the discipline’s theories, methods, and data sources to understanding behavior in the wake of disasters and have come to a number of additional and sometimes different conclusions than did sociologists. In this article, we examine property crime in the wake of some recent and high-profile disasters. We find short-term increases in burglary after a number of disasters, ostensibly challenging some long-held notions in disaster sociology. We contend that the use of criminological methods including secondary analysis of extant data to understand behavior after disasters provides a more nuanced and accurate picture of postdisaster behavior and conclude with a call for inclusion of these theories, methods, and data sources in disaster studies more widely.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-06T08:03:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220938110
       
  • The Emergence of Transdisciplinary Research and Disaster Science
    • Authors: Benigno E. Aguirre, Sherif El-Tawil
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article intends to bring attention to the emerging specialty of disaster science (DS), as well as to introduce a newly created system of computer simulation to facilitate transdisciplinary integration that would allow for the interphase of computer simulation platforms developed by scientists in the different professions engaged in the study of disasters. The next section discusses the origins of DS and the characteristics of the scientists using the concept, then reviews of some of the DS interpretations, then presents systematicity, a new philosophy of science perspective that allows for the methodical comparison of the various disciplinary specialties interested in the study of disasters, and that can facilitate the creation of a transdisciplinary style of research. The article concludes with the description of the computer simulation program Simple Real-Time Infrastructure, which is designed to facilitate transdisciplinary collaboration.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-06T08:02:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220938114
       
  • Substance Use in the Life Cycle of a Disaster: A Research Agenda and
           Methodological Considerations
    • Authors: Albert M. Kopak, Bethany Van Brown
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Considering the increasing frequency and magnitude of natural and human-made disasters, it is becoming more important to understand human responses to these events, including the ways they influence substance use. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration has recently acknowledged that the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders must be incorporated into disaster preparedness, response, and recovery, but there is a scarcity of empirical information related to how these approaches should be undertaken. This article provides an overview of prior work in this area to inform a broad, but nuanced research agenda. That agenda is organized according to key findings and various strategies that can identify, measure, and assess substance use in various stages of the life cycle of a disaster. We conclude with recommendations for policies that can enhance the research in this area while also informing the development of practices to monitor substance use disorders related to various disasters.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-04T09:49:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220938109
       
  • Disaster Research “Methics”: Ethical and Methodological Considerations
           of Researching Disaster-Affected Populations
    • Authors: Bethany L. Van Brown
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      How we do research directly affects what we know about the subject matter under study. While the study of disaster events continues to grow, rigorous inquiry on disaster research methodology is limited because it is confounded by the disruption a disaster presents. Yet it is precisely at that point that special methodological problems emerge. The methodological—and inherently ethical—challenges disaster researchers face became apparent to me during my own fieldwork on domestic violence organizations and their recovery trajectory following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005. In this article, I explore methodological and ethical issues that lay beneath “studying” people in the wake of disaster events and argue that ethical concerns should have the same, if not greater, primacy as methods; a dual consideration I refer to as “methics.” My findings support this argument and add to the growing chorus advocating for a paradigm shift in disaster research methods.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T08:58:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220938115
       
  • Introduction to “Methods Matter in Disaster Research”
    • Authors: Kelly Frailing, Bethany Van Brown
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article introduces the remaining articles in the issue and emphasizes their focus on disaster research methods.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T08:57:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220938111
       
  • Researching Crime After a Disaster: What We Can Learn From a Large Survey
           in New Orleans After Hurricane Katrina
    • Authors: Frederick D. Weil
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, I describe a large (N = 7,000) survey we conducted in greater New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina. We encountered many challenges in conducting the survey and used a number of creative means of collecting the data. Our survey, which included detailed questions about collective resources and can be aggregated to the census tract level, has great utility in investigating not only crime but also such questions as repopulation, blight reduction, resident stress, heart health, Airbnbs or short-term rentals, and foreclosures. The main difficulty was the time it took to conduct the survey because many interviews had to be done door-to-door and face-to-face to produce a representative sample. While we clearly outlined these limitations in papers we wrote, the survey duration raised questions of causal direction, and we had to conduct detailed tests of endogeneity to provide convincing evidence that our analyses were sound. I also briefly describe some of the other data we utilized, other surveys we conducted, and ethnographic and organizational work we did that not only assisted disaster recovery but also gave us insights into the social processes we investigated with our quantitative data.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T08:57:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220938107
       
  • Aesthetic Communities, Histories, and Retrospective Consecration
    • Authors: Vaughn Schmutz, Timothy J. Dowd
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      In this introduction to the special issue “Retrospective cultural consecration: The dynamics of remembering and forgetting,” we briefly sketch prior work and new developments in research on aesthetic communities and their collectively constructed histories. Such histories often involve the retrospective consecration of a select few exemplars. Contributors to this special issue examine the dynamics by which aesthetic communities remember as well as forget their past. In doing so, the articles address three intertwined themes in processes of consecration: aesthetic hierarchy, aesthetic mobility, and aesthetic evaluation.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-05-26T01:09:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919139
       
  • How Fake News Differs From Personal Lies
    • Authors: Ming Ming Chiu, Yu Won Oh
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Personal lies (girl on date lying to dad) and fake news (Obama Bans Pledge of Allegiance) both deceive but in different ways, so they require different detection methods. People in long-term relationships try to tell undetectable lies to encourage, often, audience inaction. In contrast, unattached fake news welcome attention and try to ignite audience action. Thus, they differ in six ways: (a) speaker–audience relationship, (b) goal, (c) emotion, (d) information, (e) number of participants, and (f) citation of sources. To detect personal lies, a person can use their intimate relationship to heighten emotions, raise the stakes, and ask for more information, participants, or sources. In contrast, a person evaluates the legitimacy of potential fake news by examining the websites of its author, the people in the news article, and/or reputable media sources. Large social media companies have suitable expertise, data, and resources to reduce fake news. Search tools, rival news media links to one another’s articles, encrypted signature links, and improved school curricula might also help users detect fake news.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-03-23T06:08:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220910243
       
  • Blurred Shots: Investigating the Information Crisis Around Vaccination in
           Italy
    • Authors: Alessandro Lovari, Valentina Martino, Nicola Righetti
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article aims at exploring a case of information crisis in Italy through the lens of vaccination-related topics. Such a controversial issue, dividing public opinion and political agendas, has received diverse information coverage and public policies over time in the Italian context, whose situation appears quite unique compared with other countries because of a strong media spectacularization and politicization of the topic. In particular, approval of the “Lorenzin Decree,” increasing the number of mandatory vaccinations from 4 to 10, generated a nationwide debate that divided public opinion and political parties, triggering a complex informative crisis and fostering the perception of a social emergency on social media. This resulted in negative stress on lay publics and on the public health system. The study adopted an interdisciplinary framework, including political science, public relations, and health communication studies, as well as a mixed-method approach, combining data mining techniques related to news media coverage and social media engagement, with in-depth interviews to key experts, selected among researchers, journalists, and communication managers. The article investigates reasons for the information crisis and identifies possible solutions and interventions to improve the effectiveness of public health communication and mitigate the social consequences of misinformation around vaccination.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-03-06T10:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220910245
       
  • A Call for Computer Recess: The Impact of Computer Activities on
           Predominantly Minority Students’ Technology and Application
           Self-Efficacy
    • Authors: Christopher Ball, Kuo-Ting Huang, Jess Francis, Travis Kadylak, Shelia R. Cotten
      First page: 883
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The digital divide limits the flow of potential students through the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) pipeline and into STEM careers. The digital divide is a dynamic and constantly evolving concept of digital exclusion that encompasses numerous dimensions and levels. The “usage access gap” and the “second-level divide” both account for differences in how digitally divided people actually use technology. In this study, we employ social cognitive theory as a framework to explore the impact of various kinds of technology usage on predominately minority students’ technology and application self-efficacy. Data were gathered over the course of a large-scale computing intervention that took place in an elementary school district in the southeastern United States. Results indicate that usage access gap activities and second-level divide activities, such as playing games or talking to friends online, may actually help increase students’ technology self-efficacy and computer application self-efficacy. Entertainment and social networking activities provide students with positive direct experiences with technology, which may help close this dimension/level of the digital divide over time. Future computing interventions should consider establishing dedicated “computer recess” time to help digitally divided students increase their technology self-efficacy.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-05-14T09:24:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919142
       
  • Stereotype Threat in a Video Game Context and Its Influence on Perceptions
           of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM):
           Avatar-Induced Active Self-Concept as a Possible Mitigator
    • Authors: Joseph Fordham, Rabindra Ratan, Kuo-Ting Huang, Kyle Silva
      First page: 900
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The connection between video games and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields has become a key focus for education and game scholars alike. While games may have the power to bring more students toward STEM fields, gender stereotypes about gaming ability may hinder this potential. To examine this issue, two studies were conducted to investigate whether stereotype threat induced in a gaming context would affect players’ game performance and their perceptions of STEM fields. The first study found that priming gender stereotypes influenced female participants’ video game performance as well as interest in and perceptions of STEM fields. A second study investigated this relationship through the use of both overtly gendered and nongendered forms of stereotype threat as well as avatar-induced identity salience. Interaction effects found between implicit/explicit stereotype threat and identity salience suggest a relationship between forms of stereotype threat and active self-concept.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T05:53:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919148
       
  • Laptop or Bust: How Lack of Technology Affects Student Achievement
    • Authors: Bianca C. Reisdorf, Whisnu Triwibowo, Aleksandr Yankelevich
      First page: 927
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Research shows that digital divides and inequalities are related to lower socioeconomic status and detrimental to social and economic capital acquisition. Other studies show that use of information and communication technologies in the classroom can lead to worse academic performance. Nevertheless, many universities require that students own or buy a laptop, and many offer financial aid for students who cannot afford to buy one. As such, laptop ownership may be crucially tied to academic performance. Based on a large data set of incoming freshmen at a large public university in the United States, this article shows that not owning a laptop is negatively associated with overall college performance, even when controlling for socioeconomic background. Whereas we find that laptop ownership is not necessarily responsible for the higher performance of individuals in our broader sample, it could be beneficial to nonowners, which has implications for university policies seeking to provide institution-wide access to laptops and for universities’ broader interactions with students who do not own a laptop.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T07:15:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919145
       
  • The STEM Selfing Process: Nondigital and Digital Determinants of
           Aspirational STEM Futures
    • Authors: Laura Robinson
      First page: 950
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article takes a fresh approach to analyzing the nondigital and digital sources of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) intent among low–socioeconomic status (SES) high school students attending a Title I public high school in agricultural California. Through a hybrid quantitative–qualitative analysis of data, STEM intent is examined vis-à-vis the selfing process. STEM intent is conceptualized as the product of identity work that can be supported by digital engagements of diverse types. STEM identity is built and reinforced by exposure to digital resources at home, aspirations related to computer programming, and digital activities, particularly programming and/or gaming for at least one hour per week. The linkages are demonstrated quantitatively through logistic regression models and qualitatively with excerpts from in-depth interviews with matched STEM intent students. The regression models show that both nondigital factors and digital engagements influence the odds of expressing STEM intent among high school seniors. As the qualitative analysis demonstrates, these determinants are intimately linked to identity work in which STEM intent students imagine themselves as creators in STEM fields. Digital engagements such as programming, gaming, and internet exposure all play a crucial part in the STEM selfing process in which students imagine their future STEM selves by bringing to life the role of STEM creator. In the article’s concluding discussion these findings are developed in a new theoretical direction as evidence for the agentic technological self.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-06-05T04:18:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919150
       
  • Is Digital Inequality a Part of Preservice Teachers’ Reasoning About
           Technology Integration Decisions'
    • Authors: Jiyoon Jung, Ai-Chu Elisha Ding, Ya-Huei Lu, Anne Ottenbreit-Leftwich, Krista Glazewski
      First page: 994
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Teachers’ ability to design meaningful uses of technology for all learners in any classrooms has a potential to narrow digital gaps among K-12 students. However, we know little about whether teachers are prepared to consider these issues when making technology integration decisions. This study explored preservice teachers’ knowledge use and their considerations about teaching practices related to digital inequality while reasoning about technology integration decisions. We analyzed interviews with and documents of a group of preservice teachers (N = 14) who completed a technology integration task in a technology integration course. Findings showed that although they used multiple domains of teacher knowledge throughout their reasoning processes, they paid limited attention to sociocultural aspects of teaching that demonstrated the ability to care about digital inequality issues. Implications are discussed in terms of ways to better prepare preservice teachers to deal with digital inequalities.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-05-23T06:30:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919141
       
  • Supporting Autonomous Learning Skills in Developmental Mathematics Courses
           With Asynchronous Online Resources
    • Authors: Lisa Elliot, Austin Gehret, Miriam Santana Valadez, Rebecca Carpenter, Linda Bryant
      First page: 1012
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Researchers have characterized the challenges many deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) students face in postsecondary science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs to three domains: preparation, socialization, and access. Additionally, some research has found that learners who are DHH have poor autonomous learning skills. The Deaf STEM Community Alliance, a project supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF HRD-1127955), created a model virtual (online) academic community called the DHH Virtual Academic Community to directly address preparation, socialization, and access challenges with the logic that online resources provide innovative and flexible means to adapt to complex student needs and schedules. This article describes a mixed-method study regarding one instructor’s effort to supplement developmental math education with online videos for students who are DHH, addressing issues relating to the challenges of preparation and access. Data analysis used both quantitative and qualitative methods to interpret student responses (n = 89) about viewing behaviors and perceived benefits of the videos. Analysis of viewing behaviors also incorporated aggregated user analytics generated by YouTube. An unexpected finding of the study relates to the opportunity to develop autonomous learning skills by using the videos. While previous research with this student population has frequently found that students are teacher dependent, this study suggested that providing review videos allowed students to practice and master content on their own, strengthening their autonomous study skills.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-05-12T04:48:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919149
       
  • Men Do Not Rule the World of Tanks: Negating the Gender-Performance Gap in
           a Spatial-Action Game by Controlling for Time Played
    • Authors: Rabindra Ratan, Cuihua Shen, Dmitri Williams
      First page: 1031
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The present research addresses the stereotype that women and girls lack the ability to succeed compared to men and boys in video games. Previous lab-based research has found that playing spatial-action video games potentially reduces the gender gap in spatial-thinking skills, while previous field studies of less spatially oriented online games have found that the perceived gender-performance gap actually results from the amount of previous gameplay time, which is confounded with gender. Extending both lines of research, the present field study examines player performance in a spatial-action game, the vehicle-based shooter World of Tanks. Results from 3,280 players suggest that women appear to accrue fewer experience points per match than men, signaling lower performance ability, but that when the amount of previous gameplay time is statistically controlled, this gender difference is negated. These results lend support to the claim that playing video games—even spatial-action games—diminishes the gender-performance gap, which is potentially useful for promoting gender equity in STEM fields.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2020-06-01T05:53:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764220919147
       
 
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