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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Transmotion
Number of Followers: 22  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2059-0911
Published by U of Kent Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Editorial

    • Authors: David Stirrup
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1081
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Introduction: Indigeneity, Survival, and the Colonial Anthropocene

    • Authors: Martin Premoli
      Pages: 1 - 9
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1077
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • “Changing Landscapes”

    • Authors: Conrad Scott
      Pages: 10 - 38
      Abstract: Contemporary Indigenous sf writing demonstrates how modern interactions with landscapes, waters, and ecologies are troubled by socioenvironmental problems as current social processes increasingly drive future changes to places recognizable in the present day. In the resulting ecocritical dystopias, a focus on geographical traces relatable to the real world permits Indigenous writers imagining the future to connect their narratives more urgently and tangibly to issues relevant today. Social dynamics drive and are driven by the alterations to environments and places within such Indigenous sf works. In its speculative presentation of environmental, geographical, cultural, and other shifts from the time of modern society, this body of fiction draws from a variety of concerns to ponder why our actions today might produce dystopian futures—and to consider how better choices and futures might be possible. Through a reading of recent Indigenous sf writing and a focus on the cases studies of Harold Johnson’s Corvus (2015) and Louise Erdrich’s Future Home of the Living God (2017), this paper will examine ecocritical dystopianism through the lens of contemporary Indigenous sf writing.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.979
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • "Fleshy Stories"

    • Authors: Svetlana Seibel
      Pages: 39 - 73
      Abstract: As the region’s keystone species, salmon is widely recognized as one of the most potent cultural symbols of the Pacific Northwest. At the same time, issues related to the preservation and health of the fish are frequently subject of this region’s political controversies and public debates. Indigenous people in particular have long cultivated a reciprocal relationship with salmon, a relationship that is being increasingly threatened by economic policies, commercial practices, and the environmental impact of human activity. As a means of subsistence and a cultural symbol, the place and the future of salmon in the age of the Anthropocene is an uncertain and precarious one; as Davis and Todd note, “these fleshy philosophies and fleshy bodies are precisely the stakes of the Anthropocene” (767). In recent years, the state of the fish has become the focus of much advocacy and preservationist effort, which is also evident in Indigenous writing. The growing body of what I propose to call salmon literature, originating specifically from the Pacific Northwest, arranges its narrative around the cultural and ecological significance of the fish for Indigenous nations, emphasizing interdependencies that make the Anthropocene an all-encompassing threat. In this article, I argue that such literature engages in what may be called restorative narrative practices that highlight salmon as a key inhabitant of the waterscapes and the storyscapes of the region and emphasize relationality between the fish and the people. Whether by narrating a “life with the salmon,” as Diane Jacobson does in her autobiographical My Life with the Salmon, or by issuing a warning about fish death through “a story of the watershed in crisis” (May 1) as does Theresa May and the Klamath Theatre Project’s play Salmon is Everything, salmon literature creates textualities of care aimed not only at criticizing the colonial economies, but at narratively restoring the threatened lifeworlds of both the people and the fish.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.984
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Cherishing the Impaired Land

    • Authors: Joanna Ziarkowska
      Pages: 74 - 97
      Abstract: In the article I propose to read the work of Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate poet Gwen Westerman from the perspective of environmental humanities and disability studies. Following the insights of Heather Davis and Zoe Todd, I would like to indigenize the field by emphasizing the importance of traditional Indigenous knowledge in the responses to the effects of the Anthropocene. In Westerman’s poetry, the Anthropocene and the accompanying destruction of the environment begin with settler colonialism, which has more serious consequences than the ecological crisis: the loss of traditional lifestyles, foodways, and languages. If Westerman’s speakers believe in Indigenous survival, it can be found in the preservation of traditions and attention to/care for the land that is polluted, altered, and in pain. The emphasis on the need to return the land to the state of balance stands in sharp contrast with the way the discourse of capitalism describes the polluted environment as overexploited, useless, and “impaired.” As Sunaura Taylor has eloquently argued in her presentation “Disabled Ecologies: Living with Impaired Landscapes”, such a use of the “impaired” modifier demonstrates the extent to which Western preoccupation with and privileging of ableism – able bodies which are productive under capitalism – has penetrated thinking about damaged environments. Again, in Westerman’s work, “impairment” is an invitation to  a relationship with the land and its human, non-human, and inanimate beings. The condition of environmental change and pollution necessitates a new understanding of this relationship rather than its abandonment due to the capitalist logic of profit accumulation.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1007
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Critiquing Settler-colonial Conceptions of ‘Vulnerability’ through
           Kaona in Mary Kawena Pūku’i’s Mo’olelo, “The Pounded Water of
           Kekela”.

    • Authors: Emma Barnes
      Pages: 98 - 128
      Abstract: Recent scholarship outlines in no uncertain terms that the Pacific Island regions are already experiencing the effects of climate change (George 113; Bryant-Tokalau 3; Showalter, Lόpez-Carr and Ervin 50; McLeod et al, 5). It is Indigenous women in the Pacific Islands that experience the effects of climate change most acutely, however, due to the socio-economic conditions that colonialism and patriarchy have produced. Due to these conditions, Pacific Island women are categorised as vulnerable (McLeod et al. “Raising Voices” 180; Aipira, Kidd and Morioka 227). In this paper, I argue that the colonial structures that produce these conditions of ‘vulnerability’ are the same conditions that prevent the voices of Pacific Island women from being heard within climate change strategies. I make the case that settler-colonial agendas deploy the concept of Indigenous, female ‘vulnerability’ to maintain imperialist, capitalist and patriarchal modes of control within climate change responses.  To intervene in these discourses of ‘vulnerability’, this article provides the first literary analysis of Mary Kawena Pūku’i’s fiction, specifically the Hawaiian mo’olelo or story “The Pounded Water of Kekela”, to demonstrate how Pacific Island women and epistemologies are central to mitigating and responding to drought. By examining how Pūku’i deploys kaona, or metaphor, in her drought narrative, this paper demonstrates how the navigation and combatting of environmental disaster is constructed as female and as expressions of mana wahine, or “feminine spiritual power” (McDougall 27). Through using Hawaiian epistemologies to analyse Pūku’i’s representations of powerful women, I emphasise how Hawaiian mo’olelo undermine settler-colonial constructions of ‘vulnerability’ and foreground the centrality of Indigenous knowledges in responding to climate change.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1075
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Crisis in Metaphors

    • Authors: Ananya Mishra
      Pages: 129 - 175
      Abstract: This paper attempts to recover some elisions of Indigenous thought in contemporary literary readings of the non-human, especially those from the Global South. I will focus on Indigenous conceptions of what I term ‘climate vocabularies’ in order to re-read Indigenous articulations of the non-human that have signalled climate as a ‘common organising concept’ (Todd 8) and provided early concerns on anthropogenic impact that has resulted in the current form of the climate emergency. This paper will trace an abridged climate history of eastern India by examining protest songs on mineral extraction, particularly focusing on the recent movements in Kashipur and Niyamgiri. I frame the call for jal, jangal, jameen (water, forests, land) as climate vocabulary because increased human exploitation of the past few centuries on these elements have heavily altered micro-climates of east-Indian geographies. Given Adivasi (Indian Indigenous) communities have been residents of these regions, the call for protection and ownership of jal, jangal, jameen in its many local articulations and transmutations has acquired essential presence across Adivasi movements in South Asia. Here, the materiality of the elements of water, land and forests in its literal sense is paramount. This paper will discuss the poetry of Kondh leader from Kashipur Bhagban Majhi, and Dongria Kondh poet Dambu Praska, to examine the ways in which they present changes in local ecologies brought about by mining as evidentiaries to communicate climate breakdown.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.983
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Educating for Indigenous Futurities

    • Authors: Stephany RunningHawk Johnson, Michelle Jacob
      Pages: 176 - 208
      Abstract: K-12 classrooms are important sites for anti-colonial and Indigenous critiques of the settler-nation, neoliberalism, and globalization, all of which undermine Indigenous futurities while simultaneously fueling climate change. We draw from our experiences as Indigenous university educators, and from the experiences of our students who are training to become elementary and secondary classroom teachers in the U.S. We analyze student journals in which students documented what they were learning, reflected on how a university course on Decolonization was shaping their understanding of their own K-12 educational experiences, and articulated aspirations for their own future teaching practice. In our work with Indigenous students who are training to be classroom teachers, we frame education as part of the larger project in which we can better understand our ancestral Indigenous teachings for the purpose of deepening our Indigenous identities and knowledges; inherent in these teachings is a responsibility to our human and more than human relations. In our paper, we argue for the importance, and provide examples of, using the Western educational system in a way that supports Indigenous teachings and Indigenous identity development. Doing so is not just important diversity, equity, and inclusion work that benefits Indigenous peoples, but rather is critical work that benefits all peoples, as Indigenous knowledges contain within them answers to some of society’s most pressing problems, including climate change. In this process, we affirm the importance of Indigenous educators who are learning to become good ancestors for future generations, which is a vital part of what Potowatomi scholar, Kyle Powys Whyte (2018) calls collective continuance. Our work in educating future teachers emphasizes the importance of interdisciplinarity, something Indigenous knowledge systems have always known and which will be critical for addressing climate change. Within Indigenous cultural teachings, it makes no sense to separate the so-called hard or natural sciences from the humanities. Why would humans see themselves as separate from the natural world' Why would our histories not be interwoven in teaching and understanding our sciences' The larger goal of our work is to center Indigenous knowledges in K-12 education. To do so, we call upon Indigenous peoples to be in front of the classroom and lead within our elementary and secondary schools, to teach about caring for Lands and relations and connecting this learning to addressing climate change caused by colonial practices. We also call upon non-Indigenous educators to educate themselves about Indigenous knowledges so that they may play an important part in collective continuance and ensuring Indigenous futurities.
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.978
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Review Essay: The Diné Reader: An Anthology of Navajo Literature (Esther
           G. Belin, Jeff Berglund, Connie A. Jacobs, Anthony Webster, and Sherwin
           Bitsui, eds.)

    • Authors: Christine Ami
      Pages: 209 - 217
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1064
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Our Bearings (Molly McGlennen)

    • Authors: Zachary Anderson
      Pages: 218 - 221
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1062
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Our Osage Hills: Toward an Osage Ecology and Tribalography of the Early
           Twentieth Century (Mathews and Snyder)

    • Authors: Majel Boxer
      Pages: 222 - 225
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1063
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Firekeeper's Daughter (Angeline Boulley)

    • Authors: Angela Calcaterra
      Pages: 226 - 230
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1072
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Winter Counts (David Heska Wanbli Weiden)

    • Authors: Mary Stoecklein
      Pages: 231 - 234
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1058
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Brothers on Three (Abe Streep)

    • Authors: Alexander Williams
      Pages: 235 - 237
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.22024/UniKent/03/tm.1061
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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