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Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2245-0157 - ISSN (Online) 2245-0157
Published by VIA University College, Denmark Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Introduction to NJWLS 2023-2

    • Authors: Anders Buch
      Abstract: The second issue of volume 13 of Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies includes four research articles.
      PubDate: 2023-06-04
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.137722
  • The Women, Peace, and Security Norms as seen by Norwegian Male Officers

    • Authors: Sindre Bæk, Inger Skjelsbæk
      Abstract: This article explores how male officers in the Norwegian Armed Forces (NAF) understand the relevance of the global Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) norms in their conceptualizations of security work. The study is based on in-depth interviews with 13 Norwegian male officers, draws on a discourse theoretical framework, and feeds into scholarly discussions on security, gender, and diversity. The findings indicate that the WPS norms are seen primarily as tools for improving military overseas operations, and further, that gender equality is seen as a ‘natural’ part of Norwegian identity, including the professional identities of military personnel in the NAF. WPS norms are therefore perceived as less relevant at home than abroad. We argue that this is because the attitudes toward gender issues that the officers regard as ‘natural’ interact with other gender roles and cultures in overseas operations, and therefore pertain to distant ‘others’ more than to the ‘self ’.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.135624
  • Perception of Work Environment and Well-being in Activity-based Office –
           Three-wave Longitudinal Study

    • Authors: Pia Sirola, Annu Haapakangas, Virpi Ruohomäki
      Abstract: Activity-based offices (ABOs) have become increasingly common. Yet, longitudinal studies investigating the effects of change are rare. This three-wave longitudinal study compared perceptions of privacy and office support, satisfaction with the work environment, and well-being in an organization that renovated private offices into an ABO (maintaining assigned desks). Questionnaires were administered four months before and eight and 21 months after the change. Data on 34 employees from the first and 21 from the second follow-up were analyzed. Privacy, perceived office support for work tasks, and work engagement decreased at both follow-ups. No effects were found on perceived office support for interaction or job satisfaction. Satisfaction with the work environment decreased at the eight-month follow-up. This study’s long follow-up demonstrated the negative effects of office redesign on the perception of privacy, support for work tasks, satisfaction with the work environment, and well-being.
      PubDate: 2022-12-16
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.135181
  • Workplace Barriers to Return-to-Work Processes

    • Authors: Heidi Enehaug, Øystein Spjelkavik, Daniele Evelin Alves, Silje CR Fure, Emilie Isager Howe, Nada Andelic, Marianne Løvstad
      Abstract: This study identified workplace barriers to return-to-work (RTW) processes through a multiple case study consisting of 38 cases. Sixty-four interviews with employees with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 45 interviews with their managers were conducted in 2017–2020 at T1 (1–3 months after the employees returned to work) and T2 (12–16 months after T1). Workplace barriers were associated with the organizational and psychosocial work environments, TBI knowledge, and char- acteristics of the employee. The role of management was a key aspect across all barriers. Workplace barriers often co-occurred and became increasingly important at T2. At T2, most employees increased their workload, but some still experienced unsupportive management, workplace conflicts, and a low degree of job control. The psychosocial work environment is a main area for workplace barriers. The managers’ knowledge of RTW processes and TBI-related challenges potentially reduce barriers and thereby contribute to balance the needs of the organization and the individual.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.134895
  • Leadership in Swedish Public Organizations: A Research Review in Education
           and Care

    • Authors: Ulrika Haake, Ola Lindberg, Oscar Rantatalo, Frida Grimm, Josef Siljebo, Thomas Bäck
      Abstract: This article is a review of recent Swedish leadership research in two large public-sector areas: education and care. By comparing and contrasting research in these areas, we unveil the specifics and commonalities of research in public-sector leadership. We reviewed research articles from 2018 to 2020 and analyzed theories used, data-gathering methods employed, and topics researched. The results show some fundamental differences between the two areas. Compared to research on education, research on care is to a larger extent non-theoretical and is often focused on change management, quality assurance, and leaders’ roles in employee health. Conversely, studies on education are theory driven and mostly focused on leaders’ roles in learning and shared leadership. We discuss the state of Swedish public leadership research and make suggestions for mutual learning and moving forward in this research field.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.134896
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