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Journal of Indigenous Social Development
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2164-9170
Published by U of Calgary Homepage  [18 journals]
  • Special Issue Forward

    • Authors: Peter Mataira, Tabitha Robin, Paula Morelli, Jon Matsuoka
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: N/A
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Morbid and Mortal Inequities among Indigenous People in Canada and the
           United States during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Naomi Williams, Amy Alberton, Kevin Gorey
      Pages: 3 - 32
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic focused the world’s attention on gross racialized health inequities and injustices. For political and scientific reasons much less is known about the plight of Indigenous peoples than about other ethnic groups. In fact, some of the early pandemic evidence suggested that Indigenous peoples, while clearly experiencing prevalent structural violence probably also experience certain cultural protections. Aiming to begin to clarify their relative risks and protections, we conducted a rapid critical research review and sample-weighted synthesis or meta-analysis of the published and gray literature on four COVID-19-relevant outcomes in Canada and the United States between January 1, 2020 and August 1, 2021: vaccination, infection, severe infection, and death rates. Twenty-nine Indigenous-non-Indigenous comparative surveys or cohorts that observed 33, typically age-standardized, incidence or mortality rates or their proxies were included. Consistent with structural violence theory, we found that Indigenous peoples were significantly more likely to be infected, to experience severe COVID-19 illness, or to die as a result of their illness, Indigenous mortal risks (RR = 2.45) being significantly greater than Indigenous morbid risks (RR = 1.40). Consistent with cultural strengths theory, vaccinations seemed equitably distributed (RR = 1.02) with a suggestion of greater vaccine willingness among Indigenous peoples in some places. Clearly, much work remains to be done to decolonize Indigenous research and ultimately practices and policies in North America. Indigenous knowledge user-researcher teams and their allies have much to teach about cultural and ultimately, policy protections.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • kâ-nâkatohkêhk miyo-ohpikinawâwasowin (making oneself aware of good
           child growing and raising) – Applying an Indigenous worldview to
           prevention and early intervention strategies.

    • Authors: Leona Makokis, Ralph Bodor, Kaila Kornberger, Kristina Kopp, Amanda McLellan, Stephanie Tyler
      Pages: 33 - 52
      Abstract: Given their complicity with the settler-colonial agenda, governments and service-providing agencies must do more than acknowledge the harm inflicted upon Indigenous families and communities. These organizations must intentionally engage in meaningful change by learning how to provide services that prevent further harm and authentically support Indigenous wellness perspectives and healing practices. It is in this spirit and in support of these aims that the resource, kâ-nâkatohkêhk miyo-ohpikinawâwasowin (Making oneself aware of good child growing/raising), was created. Recognizing the inadequacy of Western concepts, beliefs, and values to effectively evaluate the impact of Indigenous-designed services, this resource is based on nehiyaw (Cree) perspectives and teachings and encompasses ceremony, language, values, and beliefs that support the resiliency and healthy development of Indigenous children and families. This article describes the context of kâ-nâkatohkêhk miyo-ohpikinawâwasowin’s creation, provides a summary of the framework, and highlights its current and potential impacts for program policy and evaluation, as well as for program funders.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • A Qualitative Exploration of Health and Cancer-Related Experiences Among
           Native Hawaiian Adults

    • Authors: Jade Ching, Mapuana Antonio
      Pages: 53 - 75
      Abstract: Cancer disproportionately affects the Native Hawaiian community. Understanding health and cancer-related experiences of Native Hawaiian adults may inform effective health interventions to improve quality of life for cancer survivors in this community. Qualitative methodologies guided the exploration of health and cancer-related experiences from the perspectives of four Native Hawaiian adults with cancer experiences and three Native Hawaiian adults without cancer-related experiences (n = 7). Based on the Social-Ecological Model, four core themes emerged: (1) Individual health including an understanding of health and responsibility for individual health; (2) Social support; (3) Knowing there are options; and (4) Spirituality and reflections of the Native Hawaiian community. This study provided strong evidence that family has a substantial role in the perspectives of health for Native Hawaiians. Participants with cancer-related experiences reported resilience, coped with medical adversities in positive ways, expressed a deeper appreciation for life, and relied heavily on Akua and spirituality compared to those without cancer-related experiences. Based on the findings, cancer programs that honor Native Hawaiian perspectives of health, family, and cultural values in healthcare may play a central role in cancer prevention and treatment, reducing overall cancer burden in this community. Findings contribute to literature focusing on familial and cultural components of Native Hawaiian health in the context of cancer care. Despite the remarkable growth in literature on Native Hawaiian and Pacific health, cancer burden remains high. Future directions include better alignment of research with culture and Native Hawaiian worldviews of health that may enhance overall quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • nitahcâhk otâcimowin: My Grandmother Stories Follow Me

    • Authors: Kristina Kopp, Leona Makokis, Ralph Bodor
      Pages: 76 - 96
      Abstract: This story describes my journey as a nêhiyaw-âpihtawikosisân (Cree-Métis) woman reclaiming my identity and spirit through the use of nêhiyaw (Cree) storytelling, ceremony, language, and teachings within my social work education. My âcimowina (personal story) is structured to mirror a circular storytelling approach within the context of a written format. I begin with situating myself relationally to acknowledge my ancestors, family, and community and this relational practice serves as both an introduction and conclusion to the story. I share how I came to know, understand, and embrace my Métis identity by reflecting on Métis history and experiences of colonization, the stories of my Métis ancestors, the resulting intergenerational impacts, and how I reclaimed my identity through returning to ceremony and reconnecting to spirit. The âcimowina of my journey shares many lessons learned for understanding Indigenous identity and healing, transformative education, and Indigenous social work practice.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Mechanisms of Ethnomathematical Knowledge Transmission amongst AmaNdebele
           women: Ways of Transmitting Indigenous Knowledge

    • Authors: Monicca Bhuda, Talkmore Saurombe
      Pages: 97 - 119
      Abstract: Indigenous peoples have their own methods for classifying and transmitting knowledge, just as they have Indigenous ways of deriving a livelihood from their environment. Knowledge and techniques are passed down from one generation to another and they are constantly improved. Guided by the eZiko Sipheka Sisophula theory, the study aimed to investigate how AmaNdebele women have passed ethnomathematical knowledge from one generation to another. This study used the Indigenous research methodologies, which are appropriate for Indigenous studies. An ethnographic research designed was used for this study. Making use of focus group interviews, in-depth interviews and observations, ten (10) participants selected through convenient sampling procedure were interviewed on their views and practices on ethnomathematical knowledge transmission. An observation guide was also used to capture activities during data collection. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis and various themes were identified. Triangulation was done through field notes and observations. The results of this study show that ethnomathematical knowledge (in beadwork and mural art) is passed down from mother to daughter using different strategies such as observations, oral knowledge sharing and participation developed by AmaNdebele women. This is to prepare young girls for married life and for the big task of painting their first homes known as iqathana in the presence of their in-laws and making beaded attires for their entire family. Such is practiced in order to preserve and protect this knowledge so that it can be accessed by the next generation as supported by the arts and culture policy of 2004. The study also revealed that there are customary laws and protocols, which include restrictions surrounding the transmission of ethnomathematical knowledge among AmaNdebele. As a result, men are restricted from engaging in beadwork or mural painting.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Ang Pagtanom ug Binhi (“The Planting of Seed”): Health implications of
           food sovereignty movements in the Philippines

    • Authors: Antonia Alvarez, Joan Oñate Narciso, Sherry Manning, Karen Hizola, Teresa Ruelas, Yvonne Chung, Tatiana Havill, Miguel Santos, Olynn Ara, Community Advisory Board
      Pages: 120 - 144
      Abstract: Global food sovereignty movements have been defined by their resistance to capitalist and colonial control of food production and land access, with an emphasis on reconnection to traditional and Indigenous ways of knowing, and holistic understandings of the connections between food and health. In the Philippines, these practices have largely been led by smallholder farmers who have fought to gain access to locally produced and regionally appropriate organic seeds through seed saving processes and technical education. In collaboration with a U.S.- and Philippines-based non-government organizations (NGO) actively involved in food sovereignty movements in the Philippines, the Ang Pagtanom ug Binhi [Binhi] project identifies the health implications of participating in these movements. Through in-depth interviews and focus groups, the Binhi project seeks to understand the perspectives of community providers and stakeholders on approaches to food sovereignty movements in the Philippines, the connections to health participants perceived in food sovereignty movements in the Philippines, and to explore potential strategies for sustainable implementation of practices that support health and well-being. Initial results from this pilot project illuminate opportunities for supporting culture, health, and traditional practices through food sovereignty movements.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Indigenous Science Knowledge and Epistemologies in Practice: Living
           Everyday Research

    • Authors: Erica Neeganagwedgin
      Pages: 145 - 158
      Abstract: This paper emerges from an understanding of Indigenous Science, Education, and research as being non-compartmentalized, interrelated, interconnected and wholistic. It focuses on Indigenous research and science epistemologies and worldviews, and it examines some of the ways in which Indigenous research and Indigenous Science are understood and carried out in everyday living practice. Numerous Indigenous scholars in Canada and elsewhere have pointed out that Indigenous peoples have always engaged in research. This paper draws on accounts of living Indigenous research and general knowledge practices in relation to salt pond harvesting to help to understand Indigenous Science methodologies as forms of living Indigenous knowledges. It reflects, and draws on, the works of Indigenous scholars and looks at the many ways in which research and science are conceptualized, practiced, and express Indigenous everyday education and inquiry.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • A systematic review of culturally focused interventions for Native
           Hawaiian youth

    • Authors: Mei Linn Park, Mapuana Antonio, Pālama Lee, Rachel Burrage, Kawika Riley, Kahele Joaquin , Kilohana Haitsuka, Noreen Mokuau
      Pages: 159 - 179
      Abstract: Native Hawaiians are a resilient nation with a rich history and culture with specific health and wellbeing needs and disparities, particularly for youth. This study presents a review of published literature focusing on culturally focused interventions for Native Hawaiian youth to better understand key components, service gaps, and concerns that may improve future health interventions tailored to Native Hawaiian youth that protect and promote positive health outcomes, a sense of agency, and self-determination. The purpose of this article is to (a) present a review of the literature focusing on culturally focused interventions as it relates to health and wellbeing of Native Hawaiian youth and (b) identify limitations and gaps to promote future research. This systematic review focuses on 19 distinct culturally focused interventions geared toward Native Hawaiian youth. The findings provide a summary of culturally focused interventions geared toward Native Hawaiian youth including interventions’ aims, components (youth participants description and methods), outcomes, and cultural components, while exposing gaps in the literature. Most interventions were education and substance use/misuse prevention oriented, on the island of O‘ahu, geared toward older youth, and qualitative in nature. The cultural components utilized in the interventions varied in description and type. All of the studies reported positive results to support the effectiveness of the intervention. This review enriches the field of study for researchers (past, present, and future) by building awareness, encouraging collaboration, and identifying where culturally focused intervention efforts are underdeveloped or nonexistent to provide direction for future interventions.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Reducing Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls

    • Authors: Kathleen A. Fox, Christopher Sharp, Kayleigh Stanek, Turquoise Devereaux, Valaura Imus-Nahsonhoya, Sara Julian, Michelle Hovel, Cheston Dalangyawma, Traci Morris, Jacob Moore, Hallie White, Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, Mak Mars, Hilary Edwards, Morgan Eaton
      Pages: 180 - 205
      Abstract: The murder and missing of Indigenous women and girls (MMIWG) is an enduring national and international crisis in North America. The goal of this study is to expand knowledge about the prevalence of MMIWG and to identify culturally-accurate policy recommendations to reduce MMIWG. In 2019, the State of Arizona enacted legislation (HB 2570) which created a 23-person study committee charged with developing a statewide plan to reduce MMIWG.  Our research team worked in close collaboration with the study committee for 18 months in a coordinated effort to understand the scope of MMIWG.  Longitudinal homicide data (1978-2018) were examined from the Federal Bureau of Investigations Supplemental Homicide Reports as well as cross-sectional data from the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System.  Findings reveal that MMIWG has been occurring, and steadily increasing, over the past four decades in Arizona.  While Indigenous women and girls of all ages are at risk of MMIWG, the average age Indigenous females go missing or are murdered is age 33 and 31, respectively.  Geographic analysis of MMIWG cases reveal several hotspots throughout the state of Arizona, primarily among urban counties (57%).  Given these findings, our study presents culturally-accurate policy recommendations, in consultation with Tribal community partners, to reduce MMIWG.\
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
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