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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure
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  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2520-8683 - ISSN (Online) 2520-8691
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Review of the Documentary, “The American Dream and Other Fairy
           Tales”

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      PubDate: 2022-12-06
       
  • Organized Lifestyle Sports in Southern California: Social Facts,
           Collective Consciousness, and Solidarity Among University Surfers

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      Abstract: Abstract Leisure among university students can take place on campus or out-of-campus. It can be spontaneous or organized under the umbrella of a fraternity, a sorority, or a club. While there is an important body of literature on fraternities and sororities, less is known about recreational activities occurring in a sports club. To deepen our understanding of leisure in universities, this article seeks to answer the question: how is the practice of surfing made possible by students within a university sports club' Within the positive sociology of leisure framework, this work uses Durkheim’s theoretical contribution to sociology and posits that partaking in lifestyle sports may promote solidarity, social bonding, and acceptance of norms and traditions. In demonstrating that social laws and rules do structure lifestyle sports, this research challenges the idea that surfers tend to be individualistic and condemn institutions. Based on a 20-month fieldwork conducted between 2009 and 2013 at two public universities in Southern California, this analysis indicates that university surfers enrolled in a sports club are community-based, tied by social facts, and show solidarity.
      PubDate: 2022-12-03
       
  • Retiring from ‘University Life’: Critical Reflections on a Retirement
           Lifestyle Planning Program

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      Abstract: Abstract While assisting individual workers to prepare or plan for a successful transition to retirement is a key responsibility of human resource (HR) departments, within many large organizations (including universities) preparations related to financial planning are prioritized, with limited evidence of consideration for the lifestyle preparations needed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a series of leisure education-based webinars focused on supporting university employees to engage in lifestyle planning associated with the transition to retirement. In addition to live sessions, a learning management system provided access to discussion boards and resource materials with senior students available to provide individualized assistance. Participants (n = 44 across two implementations) indicated wanting assistance to make retirement fulfilling or rewarding. Participants were very-to-highly satisfied with the sessions, with the most highly valued focused on self-exploration (e.g., considering values, beliefs and strengths to bring into retirement). Participants also valued opportunities to reflect on what aspects of their work life they want to bring with them into retirement, and what they want to leave behind. Although a ‘readiness’ for self-exploration seemed important, opportunities for leisure-related self-reflection and assessment seemed particularly beneficial. Findings are discussed in relation to considering HR departments’ responsibilities to assist university workers to prepare for the retirement transition. Leisure education as a tool for facilitating retirement planning in the university context is warranted. Possibilities for incorporating peer-to-peer education and support—as well as tailored educational sessions—are discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
       
  • The Unfortunate Inner Lives of Scholars of Color in Leisure and Tourism
           Studies

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      Abstract: Abstract In this conceptual paper, I tried to articulate that in leisure and tourism studies “we still live in a wholly racialized world” (Morrison, 1992). Few leisure and tourism scholars cared to follow the clues to map the contours of the racial predicament of scholars of color as a way of their lives surviving in the academia. As a scholar of color, my everlasting quest has always been to feel at home without becoming “White”. The dilemmas and rejections in this journey created an omnipresent tension in my life which shaped the content of this paper. I understand that this study will certainly not set the Thames on fire but I seek to open new avenues of discussion to break this silence. While doing that, I tried to follow the philosophy of Hegel’s “master/slave dialectic: the search for self-consciousness” within the Bakhtinian (multiaccentuality of racial meaning) and Levinasian (his close equivalence between structuralist anthropology and genetics) context equipped with the wisdom of Stuart Hall, Frantz Fanon, W.E.B. Du Bois, Toni Morrison, Michel Foucault, Karl Marx, Jacques Derrida and Amartya Sen.
      PubDate: 2022-11-28
       
  • “Urbex and Urban Space”: A Systematic Literature Review and
           Bibliometric Analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract Urbex – from urban exploration – is a leisure activity that involves scouting abandoned and/or neglected infrastructure with the aim of touring and sometimes photographing it. Alongside its expansion since 2005, this practice has garnered increasing interest from the academic community thanks to the democratisation of digital photography and social media. My purpose here is to provide a comprehensive overview of the scientific literature on this practice over the past fifteen years, since, to my knowledge, such a study has yet to be conducted or published. I will perform a scoping review and a bibliometric analysis of the fifty-one papers I sourced that deal with “urbex and urban space”. An examination of the formal and fundamental frameworks provided by academic studies, together with an analysis of what these papers bring to this subject, will provide new avenues for research. These avenues are both methodological – inviting researchers to make use of specific tools and turn their attention to specific spaces and groups of people – and theoretical, with an emphasis on multidisciplinary studies and a rethinking of theoretical prisms. Finally, I would like to underscore the importance of urbex for academic study as a means of better understanding cities, urban spaces, and urban societies.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
       
  • Exploring Digital Media as a Technology Tool for Leisure Among Nigerian
           University Students

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      Abstract: Abstract Digital media have become the preferred media of information and entertainment among mass audiences the world over as they avail people the opportunity to access media products without stress. The main focus of this study is the exploration of digital media as a technology tool for leisure. The population of the study is the students of Obafemi Awolowo University in the South Western part of Nigeria. The survey method is selected for the study, which is founded on the uses and gratification theory. The questionnaire is chosen as the research instrument. The sample size of 200 respondents was selected using stratified random sampling method. It was discovered that 89.3% of the respondents are regular users of the Internet, while 48.1% rely on the Internet for their leisure activities. 19.1% spend their leisure time by either watching videos or listening to music either on or offline; 65% of the respondents consider the Internet as an important medium of leisure-related activity. WhatsApp is the most preferred social media platform of leisure activity for 38.8% of the respondents, 26.8% preferred Facebook, 13.1 and 10.9% preferred Instagram and YouTube respectively. Digital media have become so popular among the sampled population as 47.5% of them preferred it over television, radio and print media, only 8.7% of the sampled showed preference for print media. Digital media are no doubt a big technology tool of leisure among students. It is therefore important to improve Internet infrastructure in all academic institutions across the nation to facilitate students’ access to the Internet for leisure purposes as leisure happens to be an essential aspect of social life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-03
       
  • Rethinking Spaces of Leisure: How People Living with Dementia Use the
           Opportunities Leisure Centres Provide to Promote their Identity and Place
           in the World

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      Abstract: Abstract We report on research that found joining activities within community leisure and fitness centres (Centres) enabled people living with dementia to create meaning about everyday life and foster identity. Focusing on three Centres in England, the study was informed by the experiences and accounts of four people living with dementia, their life-partner (if applicable) and the sports professional most closely associated with the person as each participated within a range of leisure opportunities. The methodology was underpinned by phenomenological philosophy and utilised participative methods. Theoretically, the paper draws upon considerations of serious leisure that provide ways in which the participants’ experiences could be understood and wider implications considered. Conceptual themes we derived from the data analysis were place, citizenship, and belonging (where the Centre acting as a physical space was important); identity and interaction (where the focus was upon space making and embodiment); safe spaces and care (i.e., how wellbeing was sustained and how participation and meaningful engagement occurred within the space); and, the value of Centres as opportunity structures (where all of these themes coalesced). Amid current public health debates over resourcing and care, this research provides timely insights and continued needed debates on the relationship between adequate social, economic and political support/resourcing, and the ability of Centres to facilitate and sustain meaningful and safe spaces. Beyond, we suggest our findings offer learning that might extend to wider contexts; for example, through including Centres within social care and health initiatives, where emphasis will be upon participation as a citizen rather than as a patient.
      PubDate: 2022-10-27
       
  • The Professional Athlete Career Lifespan: Through an Indigenous Lens

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      Abstract: Abstract The rise of non-European sport athletes has meant a need for their cultural ways to be acknowledged in the sporting arena. Although the players' cultures are visible in sports, through war chants, tattoos, and cultural singing, much of their interactions as athletes are underpinned by foreign western centric philosophies. Many of them are forced to work in an environment which privileges individual capitalism, over their cultural values of service. The failure of sporting organisations to understand the cultural beliefs and practices of players has not only resulted in cultural exclusion but also an incorrect analysis of the player lifespan of these athletes. As Indigenous researchers, we use a culturally appropriate service model to underpin the lifecycle of these professional athletes. Through the analysis of three Indigenous professional athletes from various sporting codes, we provide insight into their professional life span along with their priorities, responsibilities, and duties. By exploring their narratives through a cultural lens, the professional life span of a rookie, veteran and legend athlete are explored and analysed. It is envisioned that this article will provide a strengths-based view of Indigenous athletes and the unique worldviews they bring.
      PubDate: 2022-10-26
       
  • Olympic Planning, Profit, and Participation: Towards a Children’s
           rights-based Approach to Sport mega-event Research'

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      Abstract: Abstract It is well-established that sport mega-events remain highly relevant sites of enquiry for sociologists of leisure. Whereas sport mega-events are associated with a range of diverse and (un-)intended socio-spatial impacts, they can also have transformative impacts on children and young people. Against this backdrop, this article discusses the inter-relationship between sport mega-events and young people. By focusing predominantly on Olympic planning, participation and profits – which we call the ‘3Ps’ – we argue that researchers may turn towards research methodologies that are underpinned by children’s rights principles and which increasingly voice the perceptions of children and young people on the social impacts of sport mega-events. At the same time, we also reflect on exactly how children’s rights-based methodologies in this context can push the boundaries of the sociology of leisure, events and sport. In this sense, we contend that this article makes an important contribution to the academic work on the nexus between sport mega-events and young people and to our understanding of mega-events’ social costs.
      PubDate: 2022-10-15
       
  • Correction to: Conceptualizing the Changing Faces of Pilgrimage Through
           Contemporary Tourism

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      PubDate: 2022-09-30
       
  • From Physical Inclusion to Belonging: Perceptions of Social Inclusion of
           University Students with Intellectual Disabilities

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      Abstract: Abstract Attending institutes of higher education (IHE) is an emerging context for individuals with intellectual/developmental disabilities (I/DD) across the globe, thus important to understand student’s perspectives about their social inclusion in leisure on campuses. Previous studies have examined the importance of social inclusion of people with I/DD in leisure settings and was the context for this study. Data were collected using photovoice, a universally designed methodology to provide opportunities for students with I/DD to express their perspectives. Photovoice was incorporated into a leisure education course in which students were enrolled. Findings revealed students experienced social inclusion mostly in large group gatherings where there was a degree of anonymity such as large campus gatherings. Smaller gatherings, without a mentor or classmate with I/DD, felt the least socially inclusive. This was particularly evident with spontaneous leisure contexts and some organized groups. Ecological theory was useful in framing this study and understanding findings. Overall, results pointed to university systems may be culturally unprepared to include students with I/DD. Given the increased opportunities for people with I/DD enrolling in university programs across the globe, it is critical that university systems be prepared to accept these students as peers and proactively facilitate social inclusion for meaningful college experiences.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • Colonial Influence on Local Relationships with Leisure and Environment in
           East Africa: Intersecting Two Literatures to Reflect on Domestic
           Ecotourism

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      Abstract: Abstract In East Africa, settler-colonization during the Scramble for Africa period and the militarized conservation regimes that became a common feature of colonial governance in the region, characterized by conserved land secured via fences and patrols of armed rangers, fundamentally altered locals’ access to and relationship with their land and natural environment. In parallel to the impacts on locals’ relationship with nature, direct colonial governance impacted local expressions of leisure. Colonial authorities often enforced particular activities during times normally allocated as free time, forcing individuals sometimes to perform tasks or engage in activities contrary to local conceptions of leisure. This paper draws linkages between two discrete but related scholarly literatures focusing on African contexts: the lasting influences of a particular period and type of colonization on local peoples’: (a) conceptions of leisure, and (b) relationships to their natural environment. East Africa is the primary regional focus, to contain the scope. Snowballing literature search and database keyword searches are used for literature review, in which African-authored scholarship is prioritized to address Euro-North American bias in academic research. Evidence in the literature describes how leisure and perceptions of nature were constrained and redefined during the settler-colonial period and their evolution in the postcolonial era inform how leisure and perceptions of nature are shaped in the present. However, the paper focuses only lasting impacts of a particular period and type of colonization, and thus the lasting impacts are likely to be deeper than those described in this analysis. Next, the paper draws on intersections of these literatures to examine a contemporary issue in East Africa: recent efforts to increase domestic ecotourism by encouraging locals to engage in nature-based recreation activities and leisure experiences. The paper contributes to the African ecotourism literature by intersecting colonization, sociology of leisure, and tourism literatures to identify contemporary historically-rooted opportunities and challenges in domestic ecotourism in East Africa, highlighting gaps in sociology of leisure and ecotourism literatures pertaining to prospective African tourists’ perceptions of ecotourism activities.
      PubDate: 2022-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-022-00115-9
       
  • Sports Fans and Fan Culture: A Critical Reflection on Fandom as
           Communicative Leisure in a Commodified World

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      Abstract: Abstract This critical reflection tries to understand sports fandom and sports fan culture by framing it in wider forms of fandom: music fandom and SF fandom. The reflection involves a review of key literature on sports fandom and wider fan cultures, but the main methodological focus is a critical reflection on the author's own fandoms. Specifically, the reflection returns to a PhD on rugby league and rugby union in the north of England, the first major ethnographic study undertaken by the author, before re-engaging with other forms of fandom in his personal life and his published research. New research is undertaken for this project in the form of personal reflections on fandom in the author’s own autobiography. The author argues that fandoms are important leisure spaces shaped by commodification, but which are still spaces where identity and community can be constructed by individual agency.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-021-00093-4
       
  • The Multidirectional Associations of Behavior, Identity, and Experience in
           Leisure

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      Abstract: Abstract There has been little written about how the concepts of behavior, identity, and experience in leisure relate to one another, where they fall within the nomological network, and their conceptual distinctions. The issue is further magnified by these constructs’ multidimensionality with subdimensions sharing conceptual overlay further exacerbating concerns over construct validity. This paper forwards the idea that leisure cannot be fully understood without bridging the concepts of behavior, identity, and experience. Each concept must be viewed in symbiotic fashion to understand how individuals make meaning and decisions in leisure through an iterative engagement, thus enacting their agency in a multidirectional process where each construct informs and affects the others.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-021-00095-2
       
  • Leisure Adjustments of Older Finnish Adults during the Early Stages of the
           COVID-19 Pandemic

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      Abstract: Abstract The current approach to “aging well” emphasizes the importance of active leisure participation in late adulthood. This relates to the view that leisure activities enable older adults to stay physically, mentally, and socially active, and they thereby contribute to wellbeing. In spring 2020, leisure activity engagement was significantly hampered by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study explores leisure-related experiences and adaptation strategies among Finnish older adults during the period of strict physical distancing. The data comprises letters (N = 77) written by Finnish people (aged 70–93) that were analyzed using content analysis. The study suggests that the reorganization of leisure was particularly influenced by the social significance of leisure activities, the age identities of the participants, and the prevailing ideals of active aging. The paper introduces three strategies of leisure adjustment: building new routines, maintaining activeness, and enjoying slow leisure. The article highlights the importance of investing in older adults’ leisure participation in the aftercare of the pandemic.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-022-00113-x
       
  • ‘I somehow had the Feeling that I did not belong there’—Experiences
           of Gay and Lesbian Recreational Athletes in German Sports Clubs

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      Abstract: Abstract There is little empirical research on the sport experiences of gay and lesbian recreational athletes in Germany and their existence and needs within organized, non-professional sports have largely been ignored. Based on twelve in-depth interviews with self-identified male gay and female lesbian adults, this paper explores how queer recreational athletes experience sport in German sports clubs and which particular challenges or discriminatory situations they are confronted with. Findings show that study participants do not experience much discrimination on an explicit level in the sports clubs. Nevertheless, many respondents try to hide their sexuality in the sports context to prevent possible discrimination and questions about their sexuality. After all, it is mainly the discussion about and reduction of their sexuality that is being experienced as problematic. Five main stressors have been identified: (1) the necessity of an outing, (2) the sports club typical mode of communication, (3) the heteronormative pre-structuring of the sports, (4) the feeling of otherness and the assigned special role, (5) the implicit fear of discrimination. The findings point to the need for increased reflection on and reduction of heteronormative structures in German sports clubs.
      PubDate: 2022-06-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-022-00110-0
       
  • Sex Clubs in the UK: Recreational Sex, Erotic Diversity and Geographies of
           Desire

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      Abstract: Abstract Current research has suggested that sex, sexual practices and sexual identities are increasingly being folded into people’s leisure and recreational activities. One area that has witnessed growing popularity has been sex clubs that market themselves as places that enable heterosexual casual, anonymous sexual encounters. Traditionally called swingers’ clubs, these are not strip clubs, lap dancing clubs or brothels, we have very little information about sex clubs or the people who visit them. In response, this article defines what sex clubs are, their geographical locations, and their facilities. Alongside this, through the data scraping of 6837 profiles of people who have visited clubs and left online reviews of the clubs that they have visited, this research provides the most extensive dataset available on the gender, age, relationship status and sexual preferences of sex club patrons. The findings from the study suggest that sex clubs are an emerging space for leisure sex that prioritises erotic practices that stand outside heteronormative norms and values. Whilst clubs have been traditionally associated with swinger communities, the findings in this article also suggest that sex clubs appeal to people with diverse sexual preferences. Alongside this, it highlights the potential ways in which sex clubs may be part of a broader spatialization of leisure sex. The article concludes by suggesting that in a post-Covid context, sex clubs will have increasing importance as places of leisure sex.
      PubDate: 2022-06-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-022-00108-8
       
  • Conceptualizing the Changing Faces of Pilgrimage Through Contemporary
           Tourism

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper aims to conceptualize the pilgrimage and tourism relationship in the contemporary world. As the boundaries between pilgrimage and tourism have become blurred, there is a need to find a more holistic way to understand the nuances of the pilgrimage-tourism relationship. This conceptual paper argues that pilgrimage offers a stage for rejuvenation in the contemporary era. In the 21st Century, the concept of pilgrimage travel has re-emerged in tourism with a new identity that goes beyond the idea of pilgrimage as a journey to a sacred place. Building on this recognition, this paper provides a conceptual framework that emphasizes the linkages between pilgrimage and contemporary tourism using three core elements: meaning, ritual, and transformation. This framework allows broader interpretations of pilgrimage travel in different phenomena of tourism in the contemporary era.
      PubDate: 2022-06-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-022-00109-7
       
  • Correction to: Developments in Information Technology and the Sexual
           Depression of Japanese Youth since 2000

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      PubDate: 2022-03-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-022-00107-9
       
  • Sex in Tourism: Exploring the Light and the Dark, Edited by Neil Carr and
           Liza Berdychevsky

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      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s41978-022-00105-x
       
 
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