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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Journal of Geography, Politics and Society
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2084-0497 - ISSN (Online) 2451-2249
Published by Uniwersytetu GdaƄskiego Homepage  [20 journals]
  • Implications of the war in Ukraine on the Belt and Road Initiative

    • Authors: Vladimir Prebilič, Vid Jereb
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: The war in Ukraine will have broad implications for the European region and the world as a whole. It has already changed the intricate balance in the world order influencing great power competition rendering some geostrategic priorities obsolete while reinforcing others. The biggest geo-economic project of the People’s Republic of China (PRC): the Belt and Road (BRI) initiative, will be no exception. The transport and energy flows of BRI will be disrupted due to the new Iron Curtain descending across Europe in the form of sanctions against aggressors in the war in Ukraine. To balance this in the short term, the PRC will have to reroute much of its BRI cargo and projects into other corridors. In the long term, the PRC will attempt to divert Russian resources from the West to itself within the BRI framework, thus rendering western sanctions ineffective and assuring the longterm success of the BRI.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.26881/jpgs.2022.2.01
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
  • Socio-economic aspects of potential migrants of the mountainous region of

    • Authors: Merab Putkaradze, George Abuselidze
      Pages: 8 - 15
      Abstract: Maintenance of the optimum quantity of population in mountainous regions of the world and management of migration processes are among urgent matters. The problem is so difficult that it requires a complex study and foresees regional originalities. Therefore, the main objective of the research is to study the aims and factors involving potential migrants in possible migration processes, based on the example of Georgia, in particular on the example of the mountainous region of Adjaria. The research was mainly based on sociological questioning and an in-depth interview method, by which a comparison of surveys conducted in the Soviet period and in independent Georgia as well as a comparison of quantitative and qualitative properties of migration processes were performed. As a result of the research, it was concluded that main reasons causing potential migration processes in the modern period are not social, but economic and ecological factors. Besides, in different social groups, geographical originalities of trends of expected migration processes were found. Therefore, events managing the expected migration processes are set, which would bear huge importance for working out the country’s migration policy and efficiently fulfilling municipal programs.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.26881/jpgs.2022.2.02
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
  • Nayib Bukele: populism and autocratization, or a very popular
           democratically elected president'

    • Authors: Martin Nilsson
      Pages: 16 - 26
      Abstract: This article is about Nayib Bukele’s presidency in El Salvador, and to what extent it is a case of populism, and if it has contributed to a negative democratic development between 2019–2021. By using the concepts of democratic backsliding, autocratization, and populism, three main conclusions are made. First, actions taken by Bukele during his presidency has directly contributed to a negative democratic development. Second, both during the electoral campaign and in office, there are also signs of populism, such as anti-pluralism, hijacking the state, mass clientelism, and a feeling of a less democratic civil society and free media. Consequently, Bukele has pushed the country into a process of autocratization, where the future destiny toward less democracy is still uncertain.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.26881/jpgs.2022.2.03
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
  • Democratization of governance as the basis of local economic development
           in Ukraine

    • Authors: Оlga Krajnik
      Pages: 27 - 35
      Abstract: The article considers the role of democratic standards of governance, which imply the involvement of wide layers of the population in making administrative decisions to ensure regional and local development. The real transition to the implementation of democratization of power relations in Ukraine began with the decentralization reform. The main function of local governments amid decentralization processes is to improve the territorial socio-economic condition, which is the expanded economic recovery of the territory, using the real benefits of democratization and decentralized governance. This article analyzes the stages of decentralization and illustrates the main legislative and regulatory guarantees of this process. The determination of financial resources available to local governments plays a special role in the economic development of territorial communities. The article also scrutinizes changes in local budget revenues of Ukraine over the past six years. The formation of the participatory budget as a component of government democratization as well as the development of public confidence in government is typified. In conclusion, the importance of continuing the decentralization reform and maintaining the society’s progress towards democratization is determined.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.26881/jpgs.2022.2.04
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
  • Stabilisation and association agreement between the Western Balkan
           countries and the European Union

    • Authors: Senada Nezirović, Ana Živko, Belma Durmišević, Amna Hodžić
      Pages: 36 - 50
      Abstract: The European Union (EU) represents a certain partnership and alliance between states and countries. It is not governed as the United States of America, nor intergoverned as the United Nations. Member States of the EU are sovereign countries united to become privileged and globally successful. Every enlargement of the Union is significant, but the fifth enlargement has been recognised, so far, as the most significant, showing the unification of Eastern and Western Europe. However, the most significant enlargement is yet to come with the Western Balkan countries becoming Member States of the EU (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Kosovo and North Macedonia), considering the political and economic situation of the region. The European Commission has proposed the Stabilization and Association Process (SAP) for South East Europe, as the most significant frame for the EU to ensure relations with the Western Balkan countries and to direct its overall enlargement policy to this part of Europe. Associations of the Western Balkans are usually negative, referring to weak economic development, wars and political instability, which have led to the pre-accession strategy for the EU membership known as the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA). The aim of this paper is to present the progress of the Western Balkan countries towards the EU membership, their current state, and the problems they face on that path and to explain the SAP and the SAA.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.26881/jpgs.2022.2.05
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
  • Socio-economic development of coastal health resort communes in Poland

    • Authors: Wioletta Szymańska, Anna Wiśniewska
      Pages: 51 - 72
      Abstract: The health resort communes have a significant impact on the functioning of the local government. On the one hand, they enhance the development of tourism, but on the other hand, they inhibit the development of other branches of economy. The aim of the study is to compare and point out the developmental trends in the coastal health resort communes, which may provide conclusions on how their health and spa functions affect their development. The subject of the research is the socioeconomic situation of six communes including four located on the coast in the West Pomerania Province and two located on the coast in the Pomerania Province. To evaluate the socio-economic situation, the synthetic indicator method was applied involving pointer variables available in Polish public statistics. The measurements were taken in three categories: human and social capital, material capital as well as financial and economic capital. Depending on the data availability, the time period of some indicators was adjusted to their occurrence. The main time period under research are the years 2000–2020.
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.26881/jpgs.2022.2.06
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
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