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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Human Behavior, Development and Society
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2651-1762
Published by Asia-Pacific International University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Human Behavior, Development and Society

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Letter from Editor

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Acceptance of Rooftop Solar Technology in Kenya

    • Authors: Edward Vinya, Phanasan Kohsuwan
      Pages: 7 - 18
      Abstract: Amongst renewable technologies, solar power has the highest potential as a substitute energy generation option to fossil fuels. However, adoption of rooftop solar technology is still comparatively low. Thus, this paper examined acceptance of rooftop solar technology in Kenya using the Technology Acceptance Model 3 framework. A survey was conducted (N = 402) in two regions of the Kenyan coast, which receive more than 2,000 peak sunlight hours annually. Using Structural Equation Modelling, the analysis revealed self-efficacy, anxiety, occupational relevance, perception of external control, and perceived enjoyment positively influenced perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness. These factors also influenced behavioural intentions and indirectly influenced the actual adoption of rooftop solar technology. The study showed a significant impact of perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness on behavioural intentions towards adoption, which guarantees a reliable energy source and income generation. A majority of respondents (67%) planned to adopt the technology due to its perceived benefits. Solar companies could use these factors to target new niche markets.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preventive Practices Regarding Dengue Fever and
           Chikungunya among Villagers in Muak Lek District, Saraburi Province

    • Authors: Pornpan Saminpanya, Saengdao Jarujit
      Pages: 19 - 28
      Abstract: In this study, differences regarding knowledge, attitudes, and preventive practices in relation to dengue fever and Chikungunya were investigated among villagers in the Muak Lek District, Saraburi Province. Respondents (N = 220) were purposively selected from a population of 436. Survey questionnaires were used for data collection, and the information was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The majority of respondents’ (71.82%) level of knowledge about dengue fever was at the highest level, whereas knowledge about Chikungunya was at a moderate level; this difference was statistically significant (p < .001). Attitudes regarding dengue fever and Chikungunya were at a moderate level, while dengue fever and Chikungunya prevention practices were at a high level. The findings showed that public health personnel, including health volunteer workers, should continue their public relations efforts with the villagers concerning knowledge and practices about dengue fever and Chikungunya prevention, including demonstrations of mosquito larva eradication campaigns.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Kejaman in Malaysia

    • Authors: AMEE JOAN, Su Hie Ting
      Pages: 29 - 38
      Abstract: This study examined the influence of social networks on the language ability of Kejaman speakers, a small indigenous group in Sarawak, Malaysia. Using questionnaires, data were collected from 123 participants from three generations of Kejaman speakers who lived in two longhouses located in Belaga, Sarawak. The results showed good to excellent ability in Kejaman among the grandparents and parents’ generation, but fewer of the children’s generation were able to interact fluently and spontaneously in Kejaman. Based on frameworks for social network analysis, the Kejaman had a loose-knit social network characterised by a low density and uniplex social network pattern, indicating dependence on a selected number of kin and non-kin contacts. The average number of contacts in their exchange and interactive network was three each for all three generations. The grandparents’ generation was close to having a multiplex social network (49.1%), but the other two generations had uniplex social networks of 21% to 25%. There were significant negative correlations between ability to speak Kejaman and the number of exchange and interactive networks. Their networks comprise contacts from other ethnic groups. Therefore, having more contacts and interactions with non-Kejaman speakers was associated with a lower level of Kejaman ability.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Lack of Passion for Leadership among University Students

    • Authors: David Horng
      Pages: 39 - 50
      Abstract: Due to various factors, university students may be reluctant to take on leadership roles. The aim of this study was to investigate these factors and offer suggestions to strengthen student leadership programs in a university setting. Thirteen student leaders and one university administrator participated in a qualitative study involving in-depth interviews conducted face-to-face and through Microsoft Teams video calls, all of which lasted between 30 to 45 minutes. Two-thirds of the respondents expressed that students lacked interest in leadership roles, and the remainder said students were reluctant to apply for a position due to unfavorable factors. While all the respondents agreed that student leadership was a rewarding experience, most students in the university were not able to draw a connection between leadership values and their future careers, resulting in a hesitant mindset towards bearing leadership responsibilities. An action plan is proposed to address this challenge. Following the suggestions from this study, students may be encouraged to participate in the leadership program as student leaders.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Corporate Social Responsibility and Indonesian Stock Market Valuation

    • Authors: Fanny Soewignyo
      Pages: 51 - 61
      Abstract: In this study the importance of corporate social responsibility performance was established in predicting stock market valuation of companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Based on 237 observations from 2013 to 2018, the findings indicated a negative and significant effect of overall corporate social responsibility performance on stock market valuation measured by Tobin’s Q. The market considered corporate social responsibility as a costly activity that can reduce company profits, thereby reducing shareholders’ wealth. Furthermore, considering the different categories of corporate social responsibility, the findings showed a negative and significant effect of the community category on stock market valuation. This indicated that the market was not convinced that investing in the community can have a profitable impact. The effectiveness of community service activities was doubted by the market. Meanwhile, the three other categories, namely, employee, environment, and governance did not have a significant effect on stock market valuation. This could be related to investors’ view that corporate social responsibility activities were conducted just to comply with legal and regulatory requirements rather than motivated by a sense of responsibility or ethical behavior.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Causal Influence of Student Activity Participation and Learning
           Outcomes on Fulfillment of Student Academic Goals

    • Authors: wanlee putsom, Anita Sundaresan
      Pages: 62 - 72
      Abstract: The purpose of this research was to examine the direct and indirect causal influence of activity participation and learning outcomes, according to the National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education, on fulfillment of academic goals by international university students. Data were collected by using a questionnaire from 315 international university students. The data showed that the research conceptual framework and the empirical data were consistent with the rigorous conditions nominated. The findings showed that participation in student activities had a direct influence on the National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education learning outcomes, while the learning outcomes had a direct influence on fulfillment of students’ academic goals. Recommendations were made, as well as suggestions for future research.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Social Capital, Human Value Creation, and the Organizational Performance
           of Small Businesses in Butembo, Democratic Republic of Congo

    • Authors: Paluku Kazimoto, Henry Foster
      Pages: 73 - 81
      Abstract: Social capital arises from the relationships, connection, and trustworthiness of people who stay in a group, organization, or community to improve knowledge and create human performance In this study, the effect of social capital on human value creation (including knowledge, ability, and skills) and performance was examined in Butembo, Democratic Republic of Congo. In the study, a purposive sampling technique was used to select 168 respondents composed of office workers from established organizations and businesses. A structured questionnaire was constructed to collect data about respondent profiles and the influence of social capital on human value creation and organizational performance. As a result, it was concluded that the main contributor to organizational performance was human value. Social capital was thus the principal catalyst in enhancing human value and helping to bring about effective and efficient interactions among employees to develop knowledge, improve their performance, and bring value to the daily operations of their organizations.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • A Descriptive Phenomenological Analysis of the Financial Blueprints and
           Coping Mechanisms of Overseas Filipino Workers in Thailand

    • Authors: Junjun Amparo
      Pages: 82 - 93
      Abstract: This paper investigated the financial status of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) in Thailand. The purpose of the study was to understand the common financial challenges that OFWs face, examine their current economic blueprints, analyze their financial coping mechanisms, and come up with a financial literacy guidebook. Using a purposive sampling technique and in-depth interviews, the primary data for this study was collected from informants who had lived in Thailand for more than eight years. After the interviews, the researcher employed coding and theming to analyze the data, along with descriptive phenomenological data analysis created by Colaizzi (1978). Five themes emerged from the analysis: financial mistakes, debt management and budgeting, savings and emergency funds, insurance and investment, and financial retirement plans. The results also revealed an alarming deficiency of financial intelligence among most OFWs in Thailand. Likewise, the results of this study showed many unforeseen problems and challenges that significantly entangled many OFWs in poverty. Lastly, this study has significant implications on the financial mindset of Filipino workers who trade their time, health, and effort for hard-earned money abroad.
      PubDate: 2022-08-18
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Nasopharyngeal Cancer in Malaysia

    • Authors: Jia-Ying Ho, Su-Hie Ting, Yuwana Podin
      Pages: 94 - 104
      Abstract: Perceived severity and susceptibility of breast and lung cancers have been extensively studied but perceptions of the threat posed by nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is little understood. In this study perceptions were examined regarding the severity and susceptibility to NPC and barriers in taking preventive measures before and after reading specific cancer risk messages. The sample consisted of 65 participants living in the Kuching and Samarahan divisions of Sarawak, Malaysia who had not been diagnosed with NPC. Participants were interviewed about their perceived severity, susceptibility, and barriers towards the cancer before and after reading the NPC pamphlet, produced by the Ministry of Health, Malaysia. A total of 87.7% of participants perceived NPC as a severe disease, as it connotes death, scary symptoms, and disruption to the quality of life. Only 27.7% of participants believed that they were at risk of contracting NPC after reading the pamphlet. The common perceived risk factors were smoking, polluted environment, preserved food, and high NPC incidences in Malaysia. As for perceived barriers, 19% participants reported that living a healthy lifestyle would be hard, while 31% were fearful of screening. The study showed that the risk messages provided participants with more specific and accurate information on NPC.
      PubDate: 2022-08-18
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
  • Factors Affecting Adoption of Knee Osteoarthritis Preventive Behavior
           among the Elderly in Saraburi Province, Thailand

    • Authors: Ampaiwan Toomsan, Pornpan Saminpanya, Supatcharee Makornkan
      Pages: 105 - 116
      Abstract: A cross-sectional survey was initiated to study the factors affecting adoption of preventive behaviors regarding knee osteoarthritis among the elderly in Nong Yang Suea Subdistrict, Muak Lek District, Saraburi Province. The PRECEDE-PROCEDE Framework model was adopted as the basis for the investigation. The population chosen consisted of elderly people aged 60 years and over who had never been diagnosed with osteoarthritis. Data were collected, via a specially generated questionnaire, from 285 respondents selected using proportional quota sampling. The questionnaire possessed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient of .82). Data were analyzed by utilizing descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the overall adoption of osteoarthritis preventive behaviors by the elderly was at a moderate level (78.6%). The predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors were associated with the adoption of preventive behaviors for osteoarthritis in the elderly. The predisposing factors, which include perceived self-efficacy and attitude to prevent osteoarthritis, the enabling factors, which involve the arrangement of the home environment, and reinforcing factors, which involve the social support, were able to predict (31.9%) the osteoarthritis preventive behaviors adopted by the elderly (p < .05).
      PubDate: 2022-08-18
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 2 (2022)
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