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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Human Behavior, Development and Society
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2651-1762
Published by Asia-Pacific International University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Letter from Editor

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • HBDS December 2022 Full Issue

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Looking Beyond Environmental, Social and Governance Disclosures

    • Authors: Evangeline Elijido-Ten
      Pages: 7 - 19
      Abstract: Amidst heightened debate on the relevance and failures surrounding environmental, social, and governance (ESG) reporting, the challenge to look beyond such disclosures becomes even more important. This is the catalyst for this conceptual paper. The purpose is to develop a stakeholder research framework to understand how ESG reports come about as a result of the interplay between various stakeholders and corporate management. To provide the justification for choosing stakeholder theory as the foundation for the framework, the impetus for the Stakeholder View, social responsibility, and profit motives are revisited. Next, the basic premise and the discourses surrounding stakeholder theory are discussed with a view to propose a research framework that considers the normative, instrumental, and descriptive facets of the theory. Finally, an example of how the proposed framework can be used in a study with three distinct phases is presented. The stakeholder framework enables the implicit embedding of the normative core (ethical/moral aspects) into the managerial perspective (descriptive and instrumental facets) of the theory, thereby allowing greater insights to emerge from the thought processes involved in the decision to provide/not provide ESG disclosures.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • The Effect of Collaborative Writing Tasks on EFL University
           Students’ Writing Performance

    • Authors: Nakhon Kitjaroonchai
      Pages: 20 - 31
      Abstract: In this study the effects of collaborative writing (CW) tasks were investigated on EFL university students’ writing performance by addressing two research objectives: (a) to examine if members’ contributions to CW tasks influence their writing performance in the final examination and (b) to find out among those with varied language proficiency levels who in the team contributed more texts during the CW processes. The participants were 115 students taking a writing course at a small private international university in central Thailand. Data were collected from students’ pre- and post-tests and the percentage of their contributions from two CW tasks—writing descriptive and argumentative essays. Paired sample t-test analysis showed that academic writing performance significantly increased after engaging in two CW tasks. Furthermore, the Pearson correlation coefficient (Pearson’s r) analysis showed that the percentage of learners’ text contributions during the CW processes was positively correlated with their post-writing in their final examination. The findings further revealed that students with higher language proficiency levels were prominent. Some implications for EFL writing contexts are discussed briefly.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Parents’ Experiences with Home-Based Learning During the COVID-19
           Pandemic

    • Authors: Sinegugu Katenga, Harvey Burnett, Cheryl H. Logan, Josephine Esther Katenga
      Pages: 32 - 43
      Abstract: The onslaught of COVID-19 placed parents in unfamiliar educational territory. Parents undertook the problematic tasks of instructing, teaching, and supervising their children’s online education. Therefore, this study aimed to explore parents’ experiences with children’s home-based learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research used a qualitative phenomenological design to describe parents’ roles, support, and challenges as they homeschooled their children. Purposive sampling methods were used to select 10 female participants for the study. Data collection methods included interviews and one focus group. Data analysis included content and thematic assessment to identify patterns in the data, which were organized to make up the findings of this study. Significant findings encompassed parental roles in students’ learning, the problems with online learning exhibited by students lagging in completing their assignments, and the stress that both students and parents experienced as students learned at home. The study underscored the need for training parents who choose to homeschool their children and the importance of community training centers.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Inner Strength and Coping Strategies of Women Victims of Domestic Violence
           in Cebu City, Philippines

    • Authors: Roselle A. Jardin, Jucel A. Jaluague
      Pages: 44 - 54
      Abstract: This study focused on the inner strength and coping strategies of women who were victims of domestic violence. A case study method that utilized purposive sampling, interviews, observation, and focus groups was employed to explore the experiences of three women survivors of domestic violence. The findings revealed that they adopted creative strategies to survive by utilizing their inner strength, leading to successful adaptation to difficult situations, and finding meaning amid abusive relationships through their cherished hopes and dreams of “pag sinabtanay” (peace), “panag-hiusa” (reconciliation) and “matarong ang kinabuhi sa mga anak” (to better the lives of their children). Furthermore, their stories revealed the reasons why they chose to stay in the abusive relationships, namely, (a) the need to protect their children, (b) economic need (lack of shelter and financial support), and (c) strong emotional attachment with their abusive partner who was intermittently kind, and promised that the abuse would never happen again. The women victims’ inner strength stemmed from the need to ensure their children’s security and their faith in God.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Perception of Stressors and Health Status of Families Encountering the
           COVID-19 Pandemic in the Muak Lek District, Saraburi Province

    • Authors: Pornpan Saminpanya, Ampaiwan Toomsan, Supatcharee Makornkan, Saengdao Jarujit, Wipawadee Pongcheun
      Pages: 55 - 65
      Abstract: In this descriptive study, the aim was to determine stressor perception and the health status of families encountering the COVID-19 pandemic. The subjects were 349 families in the Muak Lek Sub-district, Muak Lek District, Saraburi Province. Data were collected from family members aged 15 to 59 years old using a questionnaire based on the Neuman System Model. The data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, an independent t-test, Pearson product-moment correlation, and one-way ANOVA. The results indicated that the mean scores for total, intra-personal, inter-family, and extra-family stressors were at a moderate level. The health status of most families encountering the COVID-19 pandemic was also at a moderate level. The findings from this study may be used as baseline data to provide better family health services for families encountering the COVID-19 pandemic.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Exploring Factors Affecting Consumers’ Behavioral Intention to Adopt
           Mobile Payment Services

    • Authors: Sunny Manandhar, Phanasan Kohsuwan
      Pages: 66 - 76
      Abstract: Mobile payments will become increasingly common in the future since they reduce transaction time, and they have already replaced interactions with physical money in some markets. Yet in Nepal, consumers’ adoption of mobile payment services remains very low as compared to other traditional forms of payments, such as cash and credit cards. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the factors influencing consumers’ behavioral intention to adopt Mobile Payment Services in Kathmandu Valley, the area surrounding the capital of Nepal. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology was integrated with Privacy Calculus Theory and used in this study. Structural equation modeling results from 455 respondents revealed that facilitating conditions such as necessary knowledge and other technologies had a positive and the strongest influence on consumers’ actual use of such payments. Effort expectancy had a high and positive influence on consumers’ behavior intention towards mobile payment services. Consumers’ behavior intention was also positively influenced by performance expectancy and social influence. Mobile payment service providers could use these factors to effectively address consumers’ needs and try to exceed the expectations of their target consumers.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Visual and Verbal Content Analysis of COVID-19 News Reports on Facebook

    • Authors: Engin Aras Bakhtiari , Stuart G. Towns
      Pages: 77 - 78
      Abstract: The biggest global news story of 2020–2021 was the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the virus was a scientific and medical issue, societal responses to the virus with regards to vaccine and mask mandates became highly debated political issues in the United States. Different news agencies in the US tend to have audiences that are politically biased; however, it is unknown how the multimodal content of COVID-19 news stories posted to social media might align with the audiences’ political beliefs. A visual and textual content analysis was employed to investigate COVID-19 news stories that FOX (with a conservative audience), CNN (with a mixed audience), and NPR (with a liberal audience) posted to Facebook. The results showed differences among the news media in both the visual and textual modes that appear to corroborate with their audiences’ biases. COVID-19 news from FOX was focused on the authority of Republican government officials, while NPR was often concerned with the effects that the virus has on daily life. CNN, meanwhile, took a more moderate, scientific approach. This study provides insights into how people from different political beliefs are exposed to different news content even if the main topic of the story is similar.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Gender and Age Differences in Negative Problem Orientation among
           Palestinian Adolescents

    • Authors: Khalil Aburezeq, Kasik László
      Pages: 77 - 87
      Abstract: A crucial concept in our understanding of deficiencies in daily life is negative problem orientation, which is a collection of dysfunctional attitudes toward social problem-solving. Until recently, measuring negative problem orientation as a one-factor questionnaire, other than as a subscale in a measure of problem-solving ability, was still rare. This study aimed to find gender and age differences among 12-, 15-, and 18-year-old Palestinian adolescents. A descriptive-analytical approach was adopted. Four hundred and ten adolescents were recruited to respond to the Negative Orientation Questionnaire (NEGORI) questionnaire. The study revealed no differences between Palestinian boys and girls at the age of 12 in the following factors: negative consequences, negative self-efficacy, and habits/patterns. However, fending off the problem, positive consequences, and waiting were more typical among 12-year-old Palestinian girls. In addition, no differences between Palestinian boys and girls at the ages of 15 and 18 were found in fending off the problems, positive consequences, habit/pattern, and waiting. However, the results showed that the negative consequences factor was more typical among 15- and 18-year-old Palestinian girls. Furthermore, no age differences among Palestinian adolescents were reported in the NEGORI factors.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Students’ Perception of the CoI-based Online Flipped Approach

    • Authors: Wee Ling Kuan
      Pages: 98 - 107
      Abstract: The Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework and the online flipped learning approach have both been extensively investigated as effective instructional designs in online courses; however, there has been little discussion on CoI-based online flipped-Mandarin as a foreign language learning. In this study students’ perception of the CoI-based online flipped MFL learning was examined together with the relationship among teaching presence, cognitive presence, and social presence in online flipped MFL learning. In this study a non-experimental research design and convenience sampling were employed. Data were collected using the CoI questionnaire, which was distributed to 103 full-time undergraduate students enrolled in elementary MFL courses. Descriptive results revealed that design and organization in the teaching presence featured the most; meanwhile, group cohesion in the social presence featured the least. Pearson’s correlation test results showed that a significant relationship existed among the three variables (teaching, cognitive, and social presence), with a particularly strong and positive correlation between the cognitive and social presence. These findings could help shape a new pedagogical design and improve online teaching practices.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Health Promotion and Health Behavior Model of the Elderly in Thailand

    • Authors: Jettana Wongsasung, Pannee Banchonhattakit, Kittipong Sornlorm
      Pages: 108 - 117
      Abstract: The aim of this research was to evaluate the health promotion models used and health behaviors of the elderly in Thailand by adopting a systematic search for relevant articles from appropriate databases published between 2017 and 2021. The PICO framework search terms were used and represent Problem/Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome. The systematic review process adopted was according to the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines, and Heller’s research article quality assessment form was adopted. The data collected indicated that effective health promotion for the elderly involved participation of the community in caring. Involvement included group discussions between seniors, caregivers, community leaders, and community representatives. Well-designed health promotion programs resulted in the elderly having high levels of self-care including knowledge, attitude, and behaviors. In addition, adoption of an adequate health promotion model for the elderly involved families. Most health promotion models incorporated health education and group discussions about health literacy, and they emphasized five health behaviors that improved the health of the elderly; these included proper eating, exercising, emotions, stopping smoking, and stopping drinking. The adoption of an elderly health promotion model that encouraged self-practice improved the health behaviors of the elderly.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 3 (2022)
       
 
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