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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Human Behavior, Development and Society
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2651-1762
Published by Asia-Pacific International University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Human Behavior, Development and Society

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2023-08-11
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • Letter from Editor

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2023-08-11
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • Publications of Asia-Pacific International University From 2017 to 2022 in
           International Conference Proceedings, TCI, and SCOPUS Databases

    • Authors: Nakhon Kitjaroonchai, Suzanna Maywald
      Pages: 8 - 17
      Abstract: This study analyzed faculty publications from Asia-Pacific International University (AIU) that were published in international conference proceedings, Thai-Journal Citation Index (TCI) Centre, and SCOPUS databases over the past five years. From 2017 to 2022, 259 research articles were published by AIU instructors from various academic disciplines. The number of publications fluctuated from year to year and did not show steady growth. Out of 259 articles, the highest number of publications was in TCI journals (46%), followed by conference proceedings (33.2%). The findings further revealed that research articles published in the SCOPUS database had the highest number of citations (64.4%). The largest contribution to articles published in SCOPUS came from the Faculty of Science, accounting for 50%. On average, each article published in SCOPUS received 10.4 citations while an article published in the TCI database had only one citation per article. Thus, an article published in the SCOPUS database had 10 times higher citations than an article published in the other databases. Some implications for AIU instructors’ publication trends were discussed briefly.
      PubDate: 2023-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • Daily Parenting Hassles of Filipino Teachers

    • Authors: Inero V. Ancho, Rufo Gil Z. Albor, Roaima Lynn B. Antonio
      Pages: 18 - 29
      Abstract: Parenting is a challenging task, especially when parents also work as teachers. In this study, daily hassles experienced by Filipino teacher-parents were studied, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Parenting Daily Hassles Scale was used to gather responses (N = 371) from teacher-parents serving as the primary caregiver of their children under age 14. Data analysis indicated that most teacher-parents experienced parenting hassles at an Average level, with varied intensity or impact. The behavioral challenges experienced also occurred with Average frequency. The findings of this study have significant implications for the parental landscape in the Philippines, and provide promising directions for future research on the role portrayal of control and discipline in improving child behavior. To address the concerns highlighted in the study, the researchers recommended further examination and research on support strategies to manage children's behavior for Filipino teacher-parents amidst their professional responsibilities. This could help in the development of effective interventions and support programs that may assist parents in fulfilling their roles while dealing with daily parenting challenges. The findings highlighted the need to recognize parenting hassles and challenges, particularly during a pandemic, and the importance of supporting parents in their efforts to raise healthy and well-adjusted children.
      PubDate: 2023-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • Exploring Intrinsic Motivation and Satisfaction Using Self-Determination

    • Authors: Liqian Yang, Chanchai Bunchapattanasakda
      Pages: 30 - 39
      Abstract: Many scholars have discussed the gig economy and gig workers since 2015–2016. Knowledge-based service platforms are growing rapidly with the development of technology. In China, over the past seven years, there have been 1,021 financial investments totaling 131.3 billion Yuan in knowledge-based service platforms. Limited research has been undertaken on gig workers’ intrinsic motivation and satisfaction with such platforms. The present research study was based on self-determination theory to study gig workers’ intrinsic motivation and satisfaction on the six biggest knowledge-based service platforms in China. It fills a research gap in the study of gig workers’ motivation. A self-administrated questionnaire was distributed online to respondents to collect data. Finally, 1,049 valid responses were obtained. The research compared gig workers with and without full-time jobs. The Partial Least Squared method was applied to analyze and generate the results. It was found that self-determination and social capital positively influenced intrinsic motivation, and intrinsic motivation positively influenced gig workers’ satisfaction on knowledge-based service platforms. Also, older gig workers in full-time jobs showed less work satisfaction than the younger group. Some practical suggestions were made to platforms as well as to gig workers.
      PubDate: 2023-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • Personality Types and Preferred Lesson Delivery Methods Among Science,
           Technology, Engineering, and Math Students During Distance Learning

    • Authors: Grand D. Judan, Gracelyn H. Galvo, Jahziel A. Macaraig, Cyrelle C. Apalat, Elfieda C. Esquero, Diva Subarto, Mercedes M. Ibanez
      Pages: 40 - 49
      Abstract: During the COVID-19 pandemic, students had to adapt to different online learning strategies and approaches. In this study, the aim was to determine what lesson delivery methods would cater to and satisfy the learning needs of students with different personality types. Students of the Adventist University of the Philippines Academy were selected as participants in this descriptive-correlational study. The data showed that participants’ personalities revealed average levels of extraversion, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness, and high levels of agreeableness. The three lesson delivery methods used, namely, synchronistic, recorded videos, and textual formats were all perceived as very good. Students with conscientiousness and openness personality traits preferred to experience all three lesson delivery methods, while those with high agreeableness preferred having synchronistic and recorded delivery methods. Students with high scores on the extraversion and neuroticism personality scales preferred a synchronistic lesson delivery method. Furthermore, agreeableness predicted a preference for the synchronistic delivery method. Finally, female students learned better when exposed to video recorded lessons. It was concluded that personality traits were associated with the effectiveness of lesson delivery methods as perceived by the students.
      PubDate: 2023-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • Financial Self-Efficacy, Performance, and Happiness Index of Teachers in
           Saraburi Province, Thailand

    • Authors: Junjun Amparo, Ritchelle Cua Vargan
      Pages: 50 - 61
      Abstract: In this descriptive correlational study, significant relationships were investigated among financial self-efficacy, teaching performance, and a happiness index. Teachers’ financial challenges were also examined. The participants in the study were teachers in both private schools and government schools in the 13 districts of Saraburi Province, Thailand. A self-constructed survey questionnaire was employed with five dimensions for each variable. A two-stage sampling design was applied to acquire the sample population used in the study. The data collected from 615 respondents were analyzed using frequency, mean, percentage, one-way Analysis of Variance, and Pearson’s correlation. The data revealed significant relationships among the three variables: Financial self-efficacy, teaching performance, and the happiness index. The results also showed teachers’ top three financial challenges: (a) they were currently in debt, (b) they did not treat savings as an expense, and (c) they lacked emergency funds. An intervention program was suggested that focused on professional development and creation of a Financial Counseling Center for Teachers to increase their financial self-efficacy.
      PubDate: 2023-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Motives for Job-Hopping Among Millennial Employees in Bangkok

    • Authors: Jirapong Ruanggoon, Siripapun Leephaijaroen
      Pages: 62 - 72
      Abstract: The objective of this research was to study job-hopping motives among millennial employees in Bangkok. Data were collected from 528 millennial workers and analyzed using a second-order confirmatory factor analysis. The analysis on the job-hopping motives among employees in Bangkok showed that the model was consistent with the empirical data based on the goodness-of-fit indices, which included χ2 = 49.369, df = 24, p = .0017, RMSEA = .045, CFI = .979, TLI = .951, and SRMR = .031. These findings indicated that the motivation behind job-hopping consisted of three factors, namely the escape motive, advancement motive, and a new motive category. As for the new motives, the results indicated that millennial employees may switch jobs due to several reasons, such as considering the convenience of commuting and lodging, feeling fatigued with their current employment, or having a desire to start their own business. These results may be used in beneficial ways by organizations to develop human resource strategies to retain millennial employees.
      PubDate: 2023-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Bible and Health

    • Authors: Surachet Insom
      Pages: 71 - 80
      Abstract: The Bible is considered a divinely inspired book by Christians and provides moral and living guidelines encompassing all aspects of life, including physical, mental, spiritual, and social health. Theologically, the Bible is the basis of all Christian beliefs, including the concept of origins, the problem of pain, and the restorative plan of God for humanity. In terms of restorative theology, some Christian denominations adopt health-related principles from the Bible as part of their beliefs in God’s plan for human well-being. In this paper, the intersection of health-related biblical principles and modern health science is examined, focusing on comparing diet practices in the Bible with recommendations made by modern nutritional scientists. Comparative literature analysis was used to take biblical principles and contrast them with literature produced by nutritional and medical scientists, along with the experiences of practitioners. The findings indicated that biblical practices, such as quarantine instructions to limit disease spread and recommendations to eat plant-based foods, are readily accepted and endorsed by public health authorities. The study provides evidence that health-related biblical principles remain impactful in the modern field of medicine.
      PubDate: 2023-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Pandemic Viewed Through the Eyes of Overseas Filipino Workers in the

    • Authors: Henry II Lemana, Ayman P. Calbe, Katrina Cassandra S. Engracia, Rolland Fillippe E. Francisco, Daniel Austin M. Ignacio, Carmela Rei Van E. Mojica, Ruth D. Ortiz, Jerard Terence R. Salas
      Pages: 81 - 91
      Abstract: The majority of the global population has been severely impacted by the COVID-19 epidemic, a global health emergency. In particular, migrant workers were discovered to be one of the most vulnerable groups among the general population during lockdowns. Hence, the impact of the pandemic on their lives has been apparent. This study was pursued with the purpose to describe the pandemic experiences of overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) living and working in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In-depth interviews with seven participants revealed that the pandemic was an avenue for insight construction and reevaluation for them in which their values of faith, gratitude, commitment, and responsibility were accentuated. Moreover, these OFWs considered the pandemic a situation where their emotions and aspirations as migrant workers were tested, which led them to seek means and strategies to keep thriving in the midst of the crisis, facing risks to continue working during the pandemic for the sake of their families who depended on them. This experience thus calls for policy-makers to implement measures in response to migrant workers’ needs to ensure their safety, well-being, and livelihoods in foreign lands, especially when a crisis like a pandemic arises.
      PubDate: 2023-06-13
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • Board Competency for Fiduciary Governance Responsibilities

    • Authors: Nimrod S. Salazar
      Pages: 91 - 101
      Abstract: The challenge of providing good governance is paramount in higher education institutions. Governing boards play a pivotal role in governance as they help to ensure that management achieves the institution’s stated goals and objectives. The purpose of this study was to explore the current practices of board competency and the duties of the board of trustees in seven selected institutions in the Southern Asia Pacific region as viewed by appropriate board respondents (N =114). Strategic, contextual, analytical, political, educational, and interpersonal competencies, as well as fiduciary governance responsibilities, were reportedly practiced at a high level. Competency and governance responsibilities were closely associated, implying that the higher the competency of a board of trustees, the better was the performance of governance responsibilities. The Mann-Whitney results showed that female respondents practiced a higher level of fiduciary responsibilities than males. Moreover, the regression results identified educational competency as the strongest predictor of the practice of fiduciary governance responsibility. Recommendations and guidelines for educational competency and fiduciary enhancement programs were generated to assist in the development of good practices.
      PubDate: 2023-08-11
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
  • The Effect of Collaborative Strategic Reading and Reciprocal Teaching on
           Reading Comprehension Among Middle School Students

    • Authors: Nicholas Knight, Jimmy Kijai
      Pages: 102 - 112
      Abstract: This study aimed to: (a) promote reading comprehension skills among middle school English Language Learners (ELL) and (b) determine whether Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) or Reciprocal Teaching (RT) was more effective for promoting reading comprehension. In total, 55 ELL students, ages 12–14, were conveniently sampled into one of two cooperative learning technique interventions. Classroom A received CSR instruction while Classroom B received RT. Interventions occurred biweekly for six weeks. A quasi-experimental pre-test, post-test research design was utilized whereby the effects of CSR and RT were investigated based on participants’ reading comprehension assessment scores. Pre-test results indicated that CSR participants had an average score of 69.56%, while the RT students averaged 66.57%. At α = .05, there was no significant difference between the CSR and RT groups at pre-test (p = .42). Then, students in each group received 10 treatment sessions entailing approximately eight hours. The post-test assessment was completed during session 12. Post-test analysis revealed an increase in total score for the CSR group (M = 5.11), and this growth is attributed to the improvement in the vocabulary subtest (M = 16.83), implying that CSR was beneficial in promoting vocabulary skills. The RT group experienced no statistically significant gains.
      PubDate: 2023-08-11
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 2 (2023)
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