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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Human Behavior, Development and Society
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2651-1762
Published by Asia-Pacific International University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Letter from Editor

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • Human Behavior, Development and Society

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • A Brief History of Discipleship

    • Authors: Youssry Guirguis
      Pages: 8 - 18
      Abstract: The Church Fathers’ writings are a valuable resource for grasping the development of discipleship in the early centuries of the Christian Church. The Apostolic Fathers understood discipleship differently from the way we understand it today. They understood the word discipleship to mean not merely lip service, but rather living the truth. They believed that suffering and martyrdom were basic ingredients of Christian discipleship. They further perceived discipleship to mean an imitation of Christ in the life of the believer, and they stressed this with regard to humility, persecution, and suffering. The Apostolic Fathers spoke frequently of disciples and the life of discipleship, and they revealed the earliest attitudes about the concept of discipleship in the Church following the passing of the apostles. This paper delves into first-century AD discipleship, tracing it from Clement of Rome to Papias of Hierapolis (AD 35–163).
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • Effectiveness of Basic Life Support Short Course Training Among Thai
           Vocational College Students

    • Authors: Petcharat Eiamla-or, Suwadee Takan, Jettana Wongsasung, Kanokwan Nunchai
      Pages: 19 - 27
      Abstract: The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to compare test scores among Thai vocational college students regarding their basic life support knowledge and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills before and after receiving short course training. Purposive sampling was used to select 30 students with no prior training in basic life support (BLS). The BLS short course training was based on the guidelines of CPR 2020 by the American Heart Association. The content validity index of the questionnaire used was 1.0, the reliability testing of knowledge questionnaire was .84, and the skill checklist was .70. The mean post-test score for BLS knowledge obtained after an informative lecture was higher than that obtained pre-test. Similarly, the mean post-test CPR skills score obtained after training was higher than that received in the pre-test; the score differences were statistically significant (p < .001). The results indicated that short course training can be used to improve students’ understanding of BLS guidelines and effectively perform cardiac compressions. Such short course training should be implemented and established as a feature in the curricula of Thai vocational college education institutes throughout the country.
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • The Awareness of Child Privacy of Thai Parents on Social Media

    • Authors: Suranchana Thammaratchai, Nutsuda Ngoenart, Parinda Jantori
      Pages: 28 - 37
      Abstract: Protecting the privacy of young children should be considered crucial since they are inexperienced. However, despite potential negative consequences, many Thai parents still engage in the act of “sharenting”—the disclosure of personal information about children on social media. In this research the aim was to investigate the level of awareness among Thai parents regarding child privacy, with a focus on identifying areas that required improvement. A survey utilizing a four-point Likert scale questionnaire was administered to 96 Thai parents. The results revealed that respondents displayed a moderate level of awareness concerning the negative effects of sharenting, while demonstrating a high level of awareness regarding laws and regulations pertaining to child privacy. It is suggested that the moderate awareness of negative effects may stem from parents' belief in their right to freedom of speech when discussing their children on social media. Furthermore, the high awareness of laws and regulations might be influenced by the lack of specific child privacy laws in Thailand, leading parents to perceive the necessity for more explicit legal provisions.
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • Impact of Knowledge Towards Attitudes and Perception of the LGBTQ
           Community Among Young Adults in Malaysia

    • Authors: Khadijah Mohamad Tuah , James Wong Yun Liang
      Pages: 38 - 47
      Abstract: The focus of this study was to examine existing knowledge of Malaysian youths towards LGBTQ related concepts and issues, and how this knowledge affected their perception towards the LGBTQ communities. A customised version of the California State University, Northridge, Survey of Attitudes toward LGBT issues was used to gather data on 264 participants’ current attitudes and perception towards the LGBTQ community, and five interviewees were selected to understand the extent of their knowledge on concepts and issues about LGBTQ. Thematic analysis was used to assess qualitative data, with a subsequent cross analysis to examine the impact of their knowledge towards their attitudes and perception of the LGBTQ community. The findings of this study showed that there was a weak but positive change in attitudes and perception about LGBTQs, and that religion and cultural values remained the major factors contributing to participants’ overall attitudes, perception, and viewpoints towards the LGBTQ community. There is huge potential to promote more accepting and inclusive attitudes towards the LGBTQ community by increasing knowledge and understanding of LGBTQ related issues and concepts.
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • The Relationship Between Event Quality Perception, Destination Image, and
           Behavioral Intention

    • Authors: Parichat Jantori
      Pages: 48 - 55
      Abstract: During the past decade marathon running events have grown in popularity and numbers world-wide and also in Thailand, but event impacts have not been widely studied. Previous research efforts have focused on mega and major events, which were greater in scale and yielded extremely high levels of media coverage and impacts compared to small-scale events, such as marathon running events. This study’s aim was to examine the relationship between event quality, satisfaction, and destination image, and also how the destination image influenced the behavioral intentions of active sport tourists. Research candidates chosen were active participants in major marathon events in Thailand. The results showed a positive relationship between each factor and implied that (a) high service quality running events increased sport tourist satisfaction, (b) satisfaction led to a positive destination image, and (c) perceived positive destination image was related to behavioral intentions. This study provided empirical evidence of how small-scale events impacted destination image, and the destination image created by small-scale events impacted behavioral intentions of active sport tourists. Some limitations existed and future research efforts involving greater numbers of participants or using different data analysis methods are highly recommended, as this may increase the findings’ generalizability and predictability.
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • A Correlational Study on the Relationship Between Individual Religious
           Practices and Life Satisfaction, Depression, and Anxiety Among Seventh-day
           Adventists Aged 18 to 40 in Singapore

    • Authors: Bayu Kaumpungan, Lerie Grace Paculanang
      Pages: 56 - 66
      Abstract: Religion may have an important role in society, but for many it has lost its relevance. Therefore, there is a moving away from religious organizations and practices. The involvement of people with religion and its practices has shifted significantly particularly among the younger population in society. In this study the relationship was investigated between individual religious practices, mental health, and life satisfaction. Forty one Seventh-day Adventists, aged between 18 and 40, from Singapore participated in the study. Correlational analysis was used to investigate the relationship between frequencies of Sabbath School study, personal prayer, and devotional time with life satisfaction, depression, and anxiety. The results obtained indicated that the relationships between life satisfaction, depression, and anxiety were statistically significant. However, none of the individual religious practices had a statistically significant relationship with life satisfaction, depression, and anxiety. The findings of this research provide data that will enrich the knowledge on the importance of religion among the younger Seventh-day Adventist population.
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • Application of Leadership Practice Characteristics of an Exemplary Model
           in Chinese Student Cadres

    • Authors: Zhinping Wang, Pattarada Rungruand, Wallaya Chupradit, Walaporn Chaya
      Pages: 67 - 78
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to explore the prevailing leadership characteristics shown by student cadres at Shandong Vocational and Technical University of International Studies (SWUT) in China and the relationship of these leadership practices to a number of demographic variables. Student cadres (N = 628) working in different departments/colleges were selected by a stratified random sampling technique. A well-developed Leadership Practices Inventory questionnaire was employed to collect data. The information obtained was placed into scaled categories based on an exemplary Leadership Practices Model. The results obtained were arranged under five leadership practices, namely, Model the Way (M = 3.55, high category score) followed by moderate category scores for Encourage the Heart (M = 3.50), Challenge the Process (M = 3.48), Enable Others to Act (M = 3.46), and Inspire a Shared Vision (M = 3.42). There was a significant difference in the practice of Inspire a Shared Vision regarding gender (p = .012). Nevertheless, year of study, major, and position did not show significant differences between the groups. The research indicated moderate values for student leadership practices that might be developed in potential university leaders.
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • Roles of Perceived Knowledge, Risk, and Trust in Cybersecurity Solution

    • Authors: T Dau Naw , Phanasan Kohsuwan
      Pages: 79 - 90
      Abstract: Thailand has adopted an economic model (Industrial 4.0) that merges physical manufacturing processes and services with digital connectiveness. Hence, cybersecurity cannot be ignored. The aim of this research was to promote cybersecurity awareness among technology and information executives, along with top-level managers, develop a more efficient security management system, and implement an effective cybersecurity framework for the private and public sectors in Thailand. An extension of the Technology Acceptance Model was developed that used three variables, namely, perceived knowledge of cybersecurity, perceived risk of cyberattacks, and perceived trust in cybersecurity solutions. A quantitative research approach was used to collect data from both online and offline survey forms (N = 394). Exploratory Factor Analysis, Confirmatory Factor Analysis, and Structural Equation Modeling were used to analyze this data. The findings permitted the Technology Acceptance Model to be extended. Positive relationships were found among perceived knowledge of cybersecurity, perceived risk of cyberattacks, and perceived trust in cybersecurity solutions. These variables, together with perceived ease of use, usefulness, and attitude towards using cybersecurity solutions, all played a pivotal role in organizations/businesses in Thailand and their intention to implement cybersecurity solutions.
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • Religiosity, Spirituality and Their Relationship to Job Satisfaction

    • Authors: Mark B. Vodell
      Pages: 91 - 102
      Abstract: This paper is the first of a two-part report on a mixed methods study that examined the job satisfaction of teachers who worked in faith-based schools. Five aspects of the work of teaching (colleagues, working conditions, responsibility, work itself, and recognition) and two transcendent factors (spirituality and religiosity) were examined to see how they impacted overall job satisfaction. In this mixed methods project, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from a sample that consisted of nine schools in two Australian faith-based educational systems: Lutheran and Seventh-day Adventist. This paper reports on the findings from regression analysis of the quantitative data (N = 221), which indicated that overall job satisfaction was influenced by a combination of direct and indirect relationships that centred around working conditions, work itself, religiosity, and the age of the respondent. It also was found that religiosity impacted overall job satisfaction directly and indirectly via the mediating element of spirituality. A partial discussion of the results is presented in this report, but the complete discussion will be found in Part Two (2024).
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
  • Data Envelopment Analysis of Fair Value Versus Historical Cost Accounting

    • Authors: Keertiman Sharma
      Pages: 103 - 114
      Abstract: In today’s dynamic financial environment, several countries have harmonized their accounting standards with the International Accounting Standards Board’s International Financial Reporting Standards, leading to increasing use of fair value accounting among firms. However, the practical implications of this transition, especially for the Thai insurance sector, remain under-explored. The aim of the present study was to bridge this gap by evaluating the effect of fair value versus historical cost accounting on the financial statement analysis. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) constant-returns-to-scale and Malmquist DEA models were used to examine Thai insurance companies from financial years 2015 to 2019. The objectives included assessing the change in value of financial items on restatement from historical cost to fair value, evaluating the ensuing changes on the efficiency of firms, and benchmarking the firms for comparative performance evaluation. The findings obtained suggest statistically significant differences in many financial items on restatement, along with noticeable changes in firms’ efficiency scores and overall rankings. The study underscores the theoretical debate between fair value and historical cost, and suggests that fair value can be used to complement historical cost.
      PubDate: 2023-11-21
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 3 (2023)
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