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ISSN (Print) 2602-2656 - ISSN (Online) 2645-8772
Published by İstanbul Üniversitesi Homepage  [18 journals]
  • The Roma in Turkiye: Segregation in The Labour Market and Income

    • Authors: Sinem BAĞÇE
      Abstract: n labour market research, rather than demographic and human capital endowments, ethnicity is considered a major explanatory of segregation in job occupations. This article examines the role of job occupations in income differentials within the Roma in Turkiye. The sample covers 1568 respondents and represents 6445 Roma. The conventional determinants for job occupation do not work differently for the income groups. For both the poorest and richest Roma, being a worker in a regular fulltime job provides much more of an increasing effect on income than the jobs in a trade. Discrimination in the labour market is a significant explanatory for all the income groups, except the richest Roma, but it has the highest impact on the poorest Roma. Traditional job occupations do not have an impact on income differentiation within Roma, but segregation for the Roma in the labour market is clear in defining income differentiation. This article asserts that even though the job occupations of the Roma partly present a kind of continuity of the traditional professions, the Roma in Turkiye are predominantly wage earners and working for someone else rather than being self–employed. While sociocultural determinants are significant in the middle–income groups, the voting behaviour in the municipal election has decremental impacts on all the income groups of the Roma.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Relationship Between Online Socialization and Online Social Identity

    • Authors: Işıl AVŞAR ARIK; Birsen ŞAHİN KÜTÜK
      Abstract: Social identity is the part of an individual's self-perception of membership in a social group and it develops through the socialization process. People interact with many different socialization agents such as family, school, friends, mass media, work, and professional groups. In the twenty-first century, socialization has not been able to escape the influence of digital technologies, and they have been considered an alternative to traditional socialization channels. Web 2.0 technologies have become an essential source of online socialization. However, the question of whether online socialization (OS) impacts the formation of online social identities (OSI) is quite limited in the literature. Therefore, this study examined the effects of internet addiction (IA) and the average time spent on social media (ATSM) (as online socialization) on OSI, and the mediate effect of the time spent on the internet when young people are together with their family members (TSIWTF). A quantitative method was used, and data were collected from 272 university students. According to the study results, there is a relationship between OS and OSI, and TSIWTF partly mediates this relation.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Traditional Treatment of Tuju Disease (Rheumatism) in Lontar Usada Based
           on Bali Local Wisdom

    • Authors: Putu Lakustini CAHYANİNGRUM; İ Ketut ARDHANA
      Abstract: Traditional medicine is a nation's culture that needs to be preserved. Globalization has caused some people to use traditional medicine as alternative medicine, especially in the province of Bali, Indonesia, which is familiar with the term usada. This study aims to identify the traditional treatment of tuju (Rheumatic) diseases in lontar usada based on the local Wisdom of Bali. Literature studies were used in the study. Identification was made by analyzing lontar, books, and journals discussing related diseases. The results obtained by traditional medicine have become a cultural heritage reflected in the existence of lontar (Hindu cultural records), which contain types of diseases, medicines from diseases, traditional materials, and procedures for making and presenting traditional medicine. There are thirteen types of diseases and characteristics of diseases in lontar usada. There are four ways traditional health workers acquire their expertise, including Balian Kapican, Balian Katakson, Balian Usada, and Balian Campuran. In traditional medicine practice, rheumatic diseases have three treatment techniques, namely massage (uut), inner energy, and the provision of medicinal herbs. The species of herbs used are Tangerine (Citrus nobilis), Awar-awar (Ficus septica), Jeruju or daruju (Acanthus icifolius L.), Buu Plant, Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roxb), Ki Encok (Plumbago zeylanica L.), Tri Ketuka (kesuna, Jangu, mesui), and Sindrong Jangkep (spices). Usada needs to be preserved as a local culture that can be utilized as a world cultural heritage.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Public Service Motivation’s Mediating Role in the Effect Perceptions of
           Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Justice Have on
           Organizational Commitment in Higher Education Institutions

    • Authors: Salih AVCI; Adnan KARATAŞ
      Abstract: This research aims to determine the mediating effect that public service motivation (PSM) has on the effects from the factors of organizational justice and corporate social responsibility (CSR) from the perspectives of social identity theory, social exchange theory, and organizational justice theory. The sample of the study was selected from the academic staff of Atatürk University, which ranks first in terms of the number of university social responsibility projects in the category of community service and social responsibility according to the university monitoring and evaluation reports published in 2019 by Türkiye’s Council of Higher Education. The data were collected from 341 samples using the questionnaire method based on a five-point Likert-type scale. The results from analyzing the data obtained from the questionnaire have determined faculty members’ perceptions of organizational justice and CSR to have both direct and indirect effects on their emotional and normative commitment levels. Meanwhile, the findings from this study have also determined PSM to have a mediating effect, and this is an important contribution to the literature that accepts the premise of organizational justice and CSR as significant variables of organizational commitment.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Women’s Cooperatives in the
           Western Mediterranean

    • Authors: Pelin DEMİRCAN YILDIRIM
      Abstract: COVID-19 has emerged as a global pandemic affecting the whole world and has had unexpected and profound effects on socioeconomic life. In this situation where existing inequalities continue to increase each day, emerging evidence regarding the effects of COVID-19 indicates women’s economic and productive lives to have been disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has had financially devastating effects on women’s cooperatives, where women come together through cooperation and solidarity in order to improve their lives. As a result, women’s cooperatives have had to slow down or even stop their business activities during the pandemic. This study aims to reveal how and the extent to which women’s cooperatives have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Accordingly, interviews were conducted with a total of nine participants at eight women’s cooperatives in the Turkish provinces of Antalya, Burdur, and Isparta. The research analyzed the data that had been obtained through semi-structured interviews in the program MAXQDA 2020 and found the pandemic to have affected women’s cooperatives financially the most. When examining the relationships the coded themes have with one another, those who were unable to receive financial support as a result of the transition to living at home due to the pandemic were found to have had their financial lives impacted and to have had difficulty accessing social benefits. Financial support and solidarity networks should be created for women’s cooperatives during the pandemic, and social awareness toward the issues women’s cooperatives experience should be increased.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Impact of Fiscal Policies on Inclusive Growth in Turkiye

    • Authors: Bağdat Sıla AVCI; Özgür TONUS
      Abstract: Countries aim to inclusive growth to find a common solution the problems that poverty, income inequality, and unemployment. To boost inclusive growth, policies differ by country but fiscal policies play a crucial role in making growth more inclusive. In this study, five different indices were calculated to measure whether Turkish economic growth was inclusive. After obtaining the result that growth is inclusive, the calculated indices were used as the inclusive growth indicator, and we inquired in which direction the fiscal policies on education, health, social transfers, and taxes affect inclusive growth. Annual data covering the period 2006-2018, and the ARDL method were used to test the relationship between fiscal policies and inclusive growth. We figured out that fiscal policies had different effects on created inclusive growth indices. The results obtained show that public expenditures for health and education have a decreasing effect on inclusive growth indices while social transfers contributed positively to inclusive growth index, two indices were negatively affected by indirect taxes.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Hip Hop Music Genres of Gangster Rap and Trap in Turkiye: New
           Rap’s Ghetto Music

    • Authors: İlknur KARANFİL
      Abstract: Hip hop music rose to prominence in Turkey in the second half of the 2010s, surpassing pop music. The emergence of the trap subgenre made hip hop music more popular among youth. This music genre developed in African-American ghettos and became localized to Turkey with the name varoş and a focus on ghetto culture. The trap hip hop culture in Turkey is rooted in the struggles of young men, which originates from social inequality in the slums where the lower classes reside. The main narrative of this music is about how these young men survive and become financially independent by resorting to crime and violence. This study aims to analyze how the neighborhood discourse that represents the youth here is constructed in these songs as a response to the social inequality embodied in the slums. The study will examine lyrics from five popular next generation rap songs in Turkey. “Şehrimin Tadı” [taste of my city] that contributed the most to the Turkish rapper Ezhel’s popularity; “Heyecanı Yo k” [no excitement] by Gazapizm; and the songs “İşler Legal” [jobs are legal], “Kime Ne” [Who Cares] and “Hiçbir Şeyim Yok” [I have nothing] by Khontkar have been selected due to being top hits and reflecting the concept of ghetto well. The study conducts a discourse analysis on the open coding of the selected songs’ lyrics.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Understanding of Tourists' Memorable Local Food Experiences: A
           Netnography Study

    • Authors: Betül KODAŞ; Zekeriya AKSOY
      Abstract: Memorable food experiences are an important factor in both the tourism business and destination marketers and managers attracting not only current tourists but also potential tourists. Recently, several studies have been performed to explore or understand memorable food experiences, as food experiences are a crucial indicator of tourist behavioural intentions and satisfaction. Thus, the purpose of the current study is to understand tourists’ memorable local food experiences, food experience satisfaction, and behavioural intentions. Accordingly, data was collected through online reviews (424) posted about tourists’ memorable local food experiences in Gaziantep between 9 April 2021 and 29 May 2021. A phenomenological approach and content analysis technique were used to analyse the data. In the results of the present study, a theoretical model of memorable local food experiences (MLFEs) was developed with six key components: novelty, hospitality and services, taste and food attributes, togetherness and local interactions, ambience and setting, and local culture. In addition, tourists’ food experience satisfaction and behavioural intentions were found to be positive while experiencing regional local food. Based on the results of this study, practical and managerial implications are discussed, and future research recommendations are proposed.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Development of a New Composite Index for Measuring Sustainability
           Performance of Manufacturing Companies Operating in BIST Sustainability

    • Authors: Soner ALACA; Mustafa TEPECİ
      Abstract: The number of studies on sustainability assessment tools and models has increased in the last two decades. Composite Indexes (CIs) have become popular as a useful tool for assessing business level sustainability to compare the companies operating in the same sector. Limited studies have covered all three dimensions (economic, environmental, and social) of the sustainability assessment in an integrated manner in Turkey. This paper aims to measure and evaluate the Corporate Sustainability (CS) performances of ten manufacturing companies operating in the Istanbul Stock Exchange Market. For this purpose, a new integrated sustainability composite index was developed by using previous composite indexes in the literature. The developed assessment model provides a practical tool for the organizations in the manufacturing sector in Turkey by measuring and evaluating their sustainability performances in a holistic way. By using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP), the levels of the sustainability performances of ten manufacturing organizations were assessed in a short time. The index allows managers to make comparisons among companies within the same sector. The results further indicated that the economic dimension score of the analyzed organizations had a weighty and salient effect on the total corporate sustainability performance score. This finding contributes to the literature that economic performance is predominantly effective in the sustainability performance of businesses.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Questioning the Dimensions of Digital Surveillance and Parental
           Supervision: YouTube Challenges and Video Recommendation System

    • Authors: Elif ÖZUZ DAĞDELEN; Tuğça POYRAZ
      Abstract: The development of communication technologies and the active use of social media platforms have led to the fusion of the existing culture with the digital culture formed in this field. While digital culture enables individuals to transfer their norms and values to social media platforms, on the other hand, it has adapted its norms and values to daily culture. YouTube has become one of the main social media platforms on which this culture is especially based and where it is defined as participatory culture. It is thought that especially younger age groups are included in this culture and that provides an occasion for them to take part in surveillance practices by providing data to big data. In this study, to make sense of this situation, the theories of digital sociology and digital surveillance sociology were rethought and qualitative research was conducted to look at the ways in which children aged 9-13 are involved in big data. The study focuses on their YouTube practices, especially their experiences of the challenges connected with using YouTube and the video recommendation system, and suggests precautions where necessary. After conducting netnography on YouTube, the sample of the study was determined using purposeful sampling and snowball sampling techniques, and in-depth interviews were conducted with 23 children upon obtaining consent forms from their families. The findings of the research revealed that usage patterns of social media platforms and the resulting consequences can reach very dangerous levels and that the degree of parental supervision should be reconsidered.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Improving Organizational Resilience in Businesses: A Qualitative Study on
           the Effect of COVID-19

    • Authors: Kadir AKSAY; A. Aslan ŞENDOĞDU
      Abstract: Due to the long-term threat that it poses, COVID-19 has become an important problem for businesses, and therefore, for national economies. Obviously, organizations that have survived this process will be able to continue with more stability and will gain significant gains in terms of organizational resilience. The aim of this study is to investigate the strategies of businesses to meet the challenges of the COVID-19 period and the subsequent recovery process from the perspective of human resources, leaders, and corporate structure. From this point of view, this study was carried out with a case study, which is one of the qualitative research designs. During the data collection process of the study, interviews were conducted with fifteen senior managers of businesses operating in various sectors, selected by the purposive sampling technique. The data obtained from the in-depth and semi-structured interviews were subjected to thematic analysis in a case study design. The findings, which are divided under the three main headings of human resources, leadership, and organization/system, point to the following results: In terms of human resources: experience, generating ideas, psychological resilience, and commitment to the organization and its culture; in terms of leadership: valuing the employees, analytical thinking, foresight, quick decision making and prudence; and in terms of organization/system: positive financial situation, quick response to the market, the effectiveness of alternative solutions, effective use of digital infrastructure and online commerce, as well as effective communication/cooperation, contribute effectively to organizational resilience.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Social Media Use, Socialization, and Perceptions of Syrians among Turkish
           Youth: Findings from a National Survey

    • Authors: Zubeyir NİŞANCI; Aslıhan NİŞANCI
      Abstract: Young people’s attitudes towards Syrians will play a decisive role in Turkish society’s future as a significant proportion of the population consists of Syrians today. As of June 2022, there are approximately 3,7 million Syrians in Turkiye. The literature shows that social media and socialization are important factors affecting individuals’ attitudes towards immigrants. This article explores how (1) the amount of time spent on social media, and (2) self-reported adequate socialization in daily life affect perception toward Syrian immigrants among young adults in Turkiye. We used data from the Turkish Youth Survey (TYS), which was conducted in 2018 by interviewing 7,949 individuals between the ages of 18 and 30. We measured anti-immigrant perception by using answers given to the question of whether the study participants would live in the same neighborhood as Syrians. The findings indicate that young adults become less open to the idea of living with the Syrian immigrants in the neighborhood as they spend more time on social media. We also find that those who say they are adequately socializing in their daily lives are less likely to say they do not want to live in the same neighborhood as Syrian immigrants.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources, Agricultural Production and
           Food Security: Evidence from Turkiye

    • Authors: Mozharul ISLAM
      Abstract: Since agricultural production depends mainly on nature and uses surface and groundwater reservoirs, changes in existing water resources significantly affect this sector. Again, changes in global climate bring changes in water levels, consequently affecting agriculture, food supply, and income sources of households in different areas. However, to date, no such research has investigated the farmers who are the producers and the most vulnerable group to the impacts of climate change. Therefore, this paper explores climate change impacts on the water resources of Sarayonu, which in turn affects the agricultural food production and food security of the producers' households and the country's market. This qualitative study conducted in-depth interviews with the farmers from the Sarayonu district of Konya province in Turkiye. The study results show that ground and surface water resources are negatively affected by climate change. Consequently, the study area observed a decrease in water level over the last 15 years. Thus, these changes in water resources have been significantly affecting the agriculture sector, which alters the food supply for the market in general and the producers in particular. When people have less water, they have low quality and quantity crop yields, resulting in food crises and economic difficulties
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of Attitudes and Behaviors Towards Recycling with Theory
           Planned Behavior

    • Authors: Veysel YILMAZ; Erkan ARI
      Abstract: Recycling is defined as the re-inclusion of wastes that can be reused in the production process by undergoing various processes. At the same time, recycling is seen as the most important environmental behavior that reduces the amount of solid waste and conserves resources. Considering the importance of recycling for a sustainable future, it is of great importance to determine the factors affecting the recycling behavior of individuals. Due to the rapid increase in environmental problems and their extremely negative impact on life, it is necessary to determine the environmental and recycling behaviors of individuals and produce solutions. In this study, attitudes and behaviors towards recycling were investigated with the help of a model proposed within the scope of Theory Planned Behavior (TPB). The analysis of the data was made using the Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) Smart-PLS software, which can be used successfully in small-volume samples and does not require the assumption of multivariate normality. It was determined because of PLS-SEM fit criteria that TPB is suitable for explaining recycling attitudes and behaviors. As a result of the analysis, it was revealed that attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control positively and significantly affect recycling intentions.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Digital Transnational Dissidence and State Control: A Conceptual
           Reflection on the Practice and Limits of Digital Transnationalism

    • Authors: Hüsrev TABAK; Cenk BEYAZ
      Abstract: The historical practice of citizen participation in politics was confined to elections, yet in the digital era, increasing digitalisation in everyday life has opened windows of opportunities for alternative civilian participation in the political processes, oppositionary activities being foremost among them. Individual or collective opposition parties thus today also confidently carry out political activities against governmental politics through cyber and digital spaces, and thanks to digital advances, oppositionary political participation can no longer be confined to national borders. Hence, in forms of digital transnationalism and transnational dissidence, irrespective of the connection of the articulator to the target country, people around the world criticise governmental politics and shape public perceptions in one country from abroad. Nevertheless, governments, as well, make use of digital space in taking part in transnational practices in both shaping domestic and international public opinion and challenging overseas or domestic dissident digital transnationalism with an aim to increase its control over the narrative of its politics. This paper elaborates on this paradoxical relationship – the nexus of digital transnationalism, transnational opposition and state control. The paper examines how and why cyberspace turns into a domain for transnational political opposition and, in a related way, examines state endeavours to regulate and govern digital areas as a means of overseeing the digital transnationalism of (trans)local and transnational dissidence groups. Particularly with reference to the latter, the paper deliberates on the limits of digital transnationalism against state control.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Driving against the Power: Sexism in Automobile Culture and Female Drivers
           in Turkiye

    • Authors: S. Yetkin IŞIK; Birgül KOÇAK ÖKSEV
      Abstract: This article’s aim is to understand the socio-historical factors behind sexist judgments against female drivers in Turkey, based on written and visual media, social media content with the theme of “female driver errors,” and everyday male conversations in which being a woman is equated with novice driving. The article seeks to answer whether the increase in the number of female drivers is a symptom of a feminization of the driving profession and automobile culture. It is based on interviews with seventeen middle-class drivers (academic, teacher, doctor, psychologist), three of whom were men. In Turkey, the automobile is still an object with connotations of status, power, prestige, and competitiveness, and historically men have been dominant in automobile-related professions. Meanwhile, the normalization of women walking around the city without a man is a relatively new development for a significant part of society. The recent expansion of conservative and/or religious middle classes seems to support the increase in the number of female drivers. Automobile manufacturers’ market-expansion strategies and efforts to produce new models for each type of user also support this trend. However, production and sales strategies that try to catch up with the diversity of demand by considering the diversity of consumers are also effective in reproducing sexist stereotypes, such as some car models being labeled as “women’s cars”.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Factors Affecting the Quality of Life of the Elderly in Iraq and Turkiye
           and Differences Between the Two Cultures

    • Authors: Hatem AL YASARI; Tahsin Barış DEĞER
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the quality of life (QOL) of the elderly living in Iraq and Turkiye and the effect of sociodemographic, health, economic, lifestyle and spiritual factors on the QOL in the elderly cross-culturally. The study was conducted with a total of 200 participants aged ≥65 years in Iraq and Turkiye with face-to-face interviews. The WHOQOL-OLD scale was used. Comparison tests for univariate group rank values were used to compare total scale scores. The mean total score for QOL was 77.70 ± 11.40 in Turkiye, and 65.47 ± 7.20 in Iraq. In Iraq, factors affecting low QOL were age 85 years and older, female gender, being single, low educational level, not having a regular salary, insufficient income, chronic disease, drug use and disability. Factors effective on high QOL were eating healthily, walking or exercising regularly, praying five times a day, and reading the Qur'an in Iraq. Factors affecting high QOL in Turkiye were having another income outside of a salary, not having chronic diseases, having a healthy diet, walking or exercising and thanking God. QOL was higher in older participants in Turkiye than those in Iraq.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Does Inclusion in the Sustainability Index Contribute to the Financial
           Performance of the Companies: Evidence from Developing Countries

    • Authors: Begüm GÜLER; Füsun KÜÇÜKBAY
      Abstract: This study investigates whether the performance of the companies is affected when they are included in the Sustainability Index. The study deals with companies operating in Brazil and Turkiye, in this respect, the panel data analysis technique is applied. ROA (Return On Assets) is used for the dependent variable, while independent variables are debt/equity ratio, company size, operational ratio and the Sustainability Index. The results of the study reveal that taking part in the Sustainability Index has a statistically significant positive effect on profitability for both Brazil and Turkiye. When the other results are analyzed, it is seen that there is a negative relationship between the debt / equity ratio and ROA for the case of Turkiye
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Studies in Turkiye within the context of Gender: An Overview of
           Postgraduate Dissertations

    • Authors: Filiz GÖKTUNA YAYLACI
      Abstract: The gender issue is a relatively new topic in migration studies. However, with increasing awareness, it has gained growing popularity among research topics dealing with human mobility. As a research interest, it also naturally stands out in Turkiye, a destination country for large-scale immigration movements. Considering all this, one can see the importance and necessity of examining studies that address gender and migration in tandem. Such an academic endeavor could bring about key results in terms of identifying more and less focused themes by gender and migration studies, thus helping formulate functional recommendations for further research. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the postgraduate dissertations directly focusing on gender in the context of migration in Turkiye. To this end, 57 postgraduate dissertations were examined by the years they were completed, the universities in which they were made, the gender of authors, the methods of the dissertations in general, and the sample or study groups. The findings evaluated were based on the relevant literature. The findings show that there is a growing interest in the migration issue as part of the academic studies in Turkiye. However, the studies in the context of gender and migration are still limited. There is very little research on this subject at the doctoral level. The findings highlight the need for the diversification and enrichment of gender and migration studies in certain aspects.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Social Capital Measurement in Turkiye: Creating an Index by Province

    • Authors: Abdulmuttalip PİLATİN; Hasan AYAYDIN
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to create a social capital index on the basis of 81 provinces covering the years between 2007-2018 in Turkiye. While creating the social capital index, the method of creating the social capital index obtained from 2 networks and 2 norm variables, which was also used in previous studies, was applied. While the number of foundations and associations on a provincial basis was used as network variables, the rate of voting in parliamentary elections and the rate of response to WVS surveys were used as norm variables. In order to perform principal component analysis, the collected data was entered into the SPSS 23 package program, and the relevant analysis was performed. For this purpose, principal component analysis was applied for the years 2007, 2011, and 2018, when parliamentary general elections were held, and the first component that emerged was taken as an indicator of social capital index. Since social capital does not change in a short period of time for countries, regions, and cities, the index values for the years between 2007, 2011 and 2018 were created with the linear interpolation method using the data, as applied in similar studies. Positive ones among the index values created on the basis of provinces indicate a high level of social capital, while negative values indicate a low level of social capital. When the social capital index values of 2007 and 2018 are examined, it is observed that the social capital levels of the provinces have increased over the years, although there has not been much change in the index values on a provincial basis over the years.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The Relationship between School Socioeconomic Composition and Academic
           Achievement in Turkiye

    • Authors: Mahmut ÖZER; Eren SUNA
      Abstract: The socioeconomic distribution of students influences school contexts and learning processes. In this manner, a school’s socioeconomic composition has the remarkable potential to shape school climate. This study examines the relationship socioeconomic status (SES) at both the student and school levels has with academic achievement for the first time in Turkiye with regard to academic and vocational tracks. High-stake assessment data of more than 1.4 million students over the last 10 years have been analyzed using two-level hierarchical linear modelling (HLM). The results show parents’ education level to be a significant predictor for both academic and vocational tracks, while family income significantly predicts academic achievement just in regard to vocational track. The results highlight both students’ and peers’ SES to be significantly related to their academic achievement. Additionally, parents’ education level is a stronger predictor of achievement than family income level. The results also emphasize the importance the recent improvements and academic support programs from the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) have had in alleviating achievement gaps among schools.
      PubDate: Mon, 16 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
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