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Journal of Economy Culture and Society
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2602-2656 - ISSN (Online) 2645-8772
Published by İstanbul Üniversitesi Homepage  [18 journals]
  • Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the Ethnocentrism Scale

    • Authors: Asena ALBAYRAK; Özkan TÜTÜNCÜ
      Abstract: Ethnocentrism is the evaluation of different cultures in various societies according to the preconceptions of one’s own culture and with one’s own culture at the center. It has some distinct features compared to tourism, since one of the main motivations of tourism is to know different cultures. The purpose of this study was to adapt “the ethnocentrism scale,” which was developed by Neuliep and McCroskey, into Turkish and to test the validity and reliability analysis of the scale. The study was conducted through a self-administered questionnaire and distributed to 422 residents of Alaçatı, Izmir (Turkiye). As a result of Robust Diagonally Weighted Least Squares (RDWLS) analysis, it was concluded that the adapted ethnocentrism scale was three-dimensional rather than one-dimensional as in its original structure. None of the items were excluded from the study. Results showed that scale is valid and reliable with some limitations for the Turkish version. The ethnocentrism scale was found in the literature for the first time in three dimensions, and the names of the dimensions were determined for the first time in this study.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • How Do the Crises of Falling Oil Prices and COVID-19 Affect Economic
           Sectors in the Rentier Economies' Evidence from the GCC Countries

    • Authors: Hazem AL SAMMAN; Erhan AKKAŞ
      Abstract: This study analyses the impacts of unprecedented falling oil prices and the COVID-19 outbreak in early 2020 on the stock markets of GCC countries – countries considered as natural resources-based rentier economies. To this end, the research uses daily data for 295 companies under the categories of services, industrial, and financial sectors in GCC countries from January 1, 2020, to February 23, 2021. The analysis was conducted over two phases. The first phase extended from January 1, 2020, to July 30, 2020, while the second phase extended from August 01, 2020, to February 23, 2021. The research utilised 18 random effect models in each phase to capture the impact of the oil price crisis and COVID-19 outbreak on each economic sector in each of the GCC countries. This study’s findings reveal that the decline in oil prices and the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic were strong in the first phase, while this impact diminished in most economic sectors in the Gulf countries in the second phase. However, the GCC countries have not been impacted equally by the crisis of falling oil prices and the COVID-19 outbreak. The results show that the hardest-hit countries are Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Qatar, respectively, while the least impacted countries are Oman, Bahrain, and Kuwait. Furthermore, the sector-wise analysis results reveal that the industrial sector in Saudi Arabia is the sector most affected by the oil price crisis, and the financial sector in Saudi Arabia is the sector most impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak in the GCC countries.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Do Social Support for Women and Men Change in Reducing Job Stress' An
           Examination on Research Assistants

    • Authors: Ozan BÜYÜKYILMAZ; Hatice COŞKUNOĞLU
      Abstract: Job stress is considered as a significant organizational problem that reduces employees’ productivity, increases risk of suffering an occupational accident, and causes low performance and turnover. This study determines how social support perceived by employees from nonwork sources affects the stress experienced in the workplace and how this effect differs for women and men. In the study, the relationships between three sources of social support, job stress, and gender were investigated. Data were collected through a questionnaire from 96 research assistants working at a state university in Turkey. Hypotheses were tested by partial least squares structural equation modeling using SmartPLS 3. The study findings show that all three sources of social support reduce job stress. Besides, it has been determined that the reducing effect of family support on job stress is significant only for women, and the reducing effect of friend support on job stress is significant only for men. The effect of significant other support on job stress does not differ between women and men. The findings of the study might contribute to the current understanding of the relationship between social support and employee health. Additionally, the study findings will assist the university administration in developing effective measures to reduce job stress.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Importance of the Consumption Phenomenon in Posthuman Fiction and Its
           Perspective on Consumption as Depicted in the Novel Brave New World

    • Authors: Ömer TORLAK
      Abstract: Based on the effects of human actions and relationships on other living things and the environment, the existence of fiction, thought, and mental efforts cannot be ignored. While some of these efforts can be explained through research on the development features in humans, some of them go beyond well-intentioned efforts. Posthuman fiction is not far from the area of interest of literature as many other fields. This study explores the supportive role of the phenomenon of consumption as an important dimension in posthuman fiction through a novel. Consumption values and consumer behaviors are used as very important clues for posthuman fiction in the novel Brave New World, which was written in a period that can be regarded as quite conservative. The findings reveal that the idea that one of the most important characteristics of posthuman fiction is to consume more and avoid questioning is well illustrated in the novel. Notably, consumption is also used as an important element in posthuman fiction, and this is a true reflection of real life. These findings demonstrate the role fiction plays in the novel and the authors’ anticipation.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Istanbul: A Global, but Still Industrial, City

    • Authors: Özgür SAYIN
      Abstract: Global cities are typically perceived as the outcomes of a series of structural transformations experienced by the advanced capitalist countries in North America and Western Europe in the 1970s. A radical decrease in the share of industrial production vis-à-vis an increase in advanced producer services in the sectorial composition of global cities is one of the indicators of such restructuring. However, beyond the North Atlantic Axis—and especially with regard to new global cities—the validity of this assumption is questionable. Consequently, this paper involves a case study of Istanbul on the subject. This paper considers economic production and employment levels as well as spatial indicators to explore the changes in the sectorial dynamics of Istanbul's economy following the 2000s. Furthermore, it evaluates whether post-industrial transformation has taken place in the city. The first empirical section of the paper argues that such post-industrial transformation has not taken place in Istanbul; it posits that rather, globalization has spurred some changes in the manufacturing industry in terms of the scale of production and spatial distribution within the city. It further discusses the local and global dynamics contributing to the survival of industries in the city.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Precarious Work in Turkish Basketball Leagues

    • Authors: Ahmet Nusret BAŞTUĞ
      Abstract: Precarious work is not limited to certain professions or market sectors but involves many fields of work. One such area is a professional sport that has become an economic field of work on a global scale. It has done so by becoming more professional since the 1980s. In the Global Dialogue Forum titled Decent Work in the World of Sports organized in 2020, the International Labor Organization (ILO) highlighted the problems of precarious work in professional sports. It emphasized the necessity of regulations to be implemented in line with the solution of the problems. In this study, the author aimed to shed light on the regulations to be promulgated regarding the problems by demonstrating the problems of precarious working in professional sports determined by the ILO (2020) in Turkish Basketball Leagues from the perspective of basketball players employed by sports clubs. In this effort, the author employed a semi-structured interview technique, one of the data collection types of qualitative research method, with ten professional basketball players employed by sports clubs in Turkish Basketball Leagues and benefited from the audio and visual materials related to the problems provided by basketball players in the interviews. Findings were reached by interpreting and summarizing the data obtained through descriptive analysis. In this context, the precarious working problems of basketball players in Turkish Basketball Leagues have given rise to wage disparities, disability and incapacity issues, unregistered and uncompensated work, occupational health and safety problems, weekend vacation, psychological harassment, discrimination, physical violence, union representation, education, uncertainty about the future, and problems related to the Covid-19 process.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Structural Inequalities in Educational Leadership: Addressing Social and
           Professional Identities and Recognitional Power

    • Authors: Duygun GÖKTÜRK; Özge ÇOMAK
      Abstract: In this article, we aim to work toward a rich theoretical understanding of the relationship between social identity, professional identity, and school leadership in the context of recognitional power. We approach the relationship the study constructs by problematizing the traditional areas of leadership literature that is marked by veneration of leadership and its functional toolkit that includes traits, attitudes, behaviors, efficiency, productivity, mastery, etc. as antecedents to the leadership process. In addition, the article aims to capture the intersection of professional and social identity considering the relations of domination and everyday practices of recognition. These goals are reflected in two research questions: (1) How do we understand the relationship between school leadership, social identity and professional identity' (2) How do we approach social and professional identities in educational leadership studies in terms of recognitional power' We propound that leadership literature should include diverse epistemic approaches, problematize the structural inequalities and the institutionalized relations of recognition and recognitional power, and problematize the intersection of social identity, professional identity, and recognitional power.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Power of Linear Methods in Determining the Dominant Fiscal Regime: A
           Research on Turkiye

    • Authors: Kaan MASATÇI; Asuman OKTAYER BUZLUCA
      Abstract: The Fiscal Theory of the Price Level suggests that in a non-Ricardian regime, an inflation targeting monetary policy will no longer be able to control the price level, and that optimum policy should always include a combination of monetary and fiscal policies. The aim of this paper is to investigate the dominant fiscal policy regime in Turkiye using the ARDL Bounds Testing Approach and to compare the results with actual observations. The review period covers 1996–2019 period for which the quarterly data set is used. Based on the assumption that the actual behavior of the government’s fiscal policy can be observed more accurately with the structural balance, the sub-components of primary balance (structural and cyclical balance) are also included in the analysis. During the review period, there were important breaks in the Turkish economy that could lead to changes in monetary and fiscal policies. To observe possible policy changes, rather than dividing the sample into different periods, dummy variables were used to reflect the difference between periods. The results of the analysis show that the structural balance more accurately reflects the actual behavior of the government’s fiscal policy. Another finding is that the linear ARDL approach is insufficient to capture the changes in the fiscal policy, especially in the periods when the fiscal space narrows.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Field Study on Food Communities in the Context of Ecological Habitus

    • Authors: Gamze GÜRLER; Birtan BOZLU
      Abstract: This research reveals the relationship between social actors’ cultural capital, ecological predispositions, and food consumption practices. To achieve this, a qualitative analysis was carried out on the Antalya Food Community. Alternative food communities, which are part of ecological movements, address collective demands and social problems related to the production, distribution, and consumption of food. Participation in these communities requires certain kinds of cultural capital. Food consumption strategies are closely related to ecological habitus. Ecological habitus is a concept that points to the practice of how to live better in a particular place; the concept was developed under the influence of Bourdieu (1998). Alternative food communities are said to attract middle-class individuals who have a common ecological habitus. Information from in-depth interviews and participant observations are used to explain the main motivations of the members, the ecological habitus that makes the community possible, the relation networks they produce, and the various strategies and practices developed by these members. The fact that individuals develop ecological interests besides food after joining the community shows that these communities can be seen as “learning places” (Haluza-Delay, 2008). Thus, alternative food communities go beyond being a place for food exchange due to their ecological activities.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Issue of “Horizontal Architecture” in Turkey from the Perspective
           of Turgut Cansever, the Wise Architect

    • Authors: Doğan BIÇKI; Merve KIRKAN
      Abstract: After debates about whether or not multistory buildings damaged the historical silhouette of İstanbul, the horizontal architectural discourse was established as an important element of the government’s urban policy. It has been argued that horizontal architecture will strengthen neighborly relations by rebuilding neighborhood culture and reducing building damage after natural disasters, in addition to contributing to the appearance of cities. Based on these considerations, the Planned Areas Zoning Regulation, which came into effect in 2017, reflects the horizontal architecture discourse in the legislation. The Eleventh Development Plan, election manifestos, and regulations limiting floor heights all reflect the horizontal architecture discourse. However, the applicability of horizontal architecture as well as the pertinence of regulations and projects purportedly created for horizontal architecture have sparked a new debate topic. In this paper, the horizontal architectural discourse and practices of the government are analyzed from the perspective of architect Turgut Cansever, a pioneer of horizontal architecture. Cansever’s “horizon condominium,” which was called horizon (horizontal) urbanism by his follower H. Ibrahim Düzenli, reflects a completely different type of urbanization from today’s construction system, which consists of 1–2 story detached houses with gardens and was inspired by the Ottoman city system. In this context, it is impossible to state that the applications made after the horizontal architectural discourse in our country have resulted in a significant improvement compared to the past. Thus, it is evident that the objectives of the horizontal architectural discourse and the existing construction practices are incompatible.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A New Proposal for Consumer Price Index (CPI) Calculation and Income
           Distribution Measurement by Income Groups

    • Authors: Esat DAŞDEMİR
      Abstract: This study examines the calculation of consumer price index (CPI) according to income groups. One of the principal determinants of consumption habits is income level; therefore, individuals’ consumer goods baskets change according to income level. In this context, the inflation rates faced differ according to income levels. Using Turkish Statistical Institute data, this study demonstrates that individuals with low-income levels faced higher inflation rates between the years 2006–2021 in the Republic of Turkey than those in the high-income group; therefore, even if income level remains constant, the difference in living standards between low- and high-income groups has widened due to this inflation difference. Accurate determination of income distribution and income inequality is essential for social policy planning. Consequently, including changes in purchasing power is recommended in income distribution analysis. This study proposes an alternative method for the calculation of income distribution using the Gini coefficient. For the utilization of this method, separate CPI calculations are conducted for each income group using consumer goods baskets representing various income groups. The study contributes to the literature with a novel critique of current methods of CPI and income distribution, proposing an approach to address this criticism. In this respect, the findings and proposed approach could serve as a reference for policymakers’ development and implementation of social policies.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determinants of Mobility in the Middle-Income Classes for Turkiye

    • Authors: Banu BEYAZ SİPAHİ
      Abstract: This paper contributes to the literature by examining mobility in the middle-income classes for Turkiye. In this context, this study’s aim is to present a profile of the middle-income class in Turkiye and identify the effects of socio-economic and demographic factors on the transition from a middle-income class to a lower income group and upper income group using a probit model. The middle class was determined using the relative income measure. The data used in the analyses are based on the Income and Living Conditions Surveys (ILCS) by the Turkish Statistical Institute (Turk Stat) over the period 2015-2018. The results of the analysis indicate that the age, gender, education level, marital status, employment status housing ownership type of the households, and income type affect the transition of middle-income classes into lower or upper income classes in different ways. Accordingly, in cases where the head of the household is male, household members are young, household members have a high education level, and where there are a small number of members in the household, all negatively affect the probability of transitioning from a middle-income class to a low-income class. In contrast, it positively affects the transition to a high income class.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Local Restaurants’ Effect on Tourist Experience: A Case from
           Istanbul

    • Authors: H. Ayşen KARAGÖZ; Tevfik DEMİRCİFTCİ, Ezgi ERKMEN
      Abstract: This study aims to employ and validate experience economy theory in local restaurant settings and to understand the dimensions of local restaurant experience from the point of view of tourists. A self-administered structured questionnaire based on the investigation of previous studies was used to collect data from tourists staying in Istanbul. Data were analyzed via exploratory factor analysis to explore different dimensions of the local food experience of tourists. Contrary to the experience economy model, which proposes four dimensions of experience, this research has identified three dimensions, for the local restaurant experience, namely entertainment and esthetics, education, and escapism. Previous research applied experience economy theory in literature, but this research is the first to employ and validate the dimensions of experience for a local restaurant setting. The findings of the study will provide a new perspective to local restaurant managers as well as destinations to manage the experience of foreign travelers.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • News Media Literacy Scale: Validity and Reliability

    • Authors: Ayşad GÜDEKLİ; Seçil DEREN VAN HET HOF, Mehmet ESER, Mehmet Sebih ORUÇ
      Abstract: The concept of news media literacy is aimed at understanding how and why individuals interact with the news media, how individuals make sense of what they consume, and how individuals are affected by their news consumption. News media literacy represents a skeptical tendency, promoting a critical attitude toward the production and distribution of news content. The study group of the research comprised 499 participants. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the factor loads of items in the scale vary between 0.54 and 0.82, the scale consists of two sub-dimensions, 9 items in total—the total variance explained by the dimensions is 40%. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the fit indices (Chi-square/df: 4.70; RMSEA: 0.084; SRMR: 0.064; TLI: 0.87; CFI: 0.91; GFI: 0.95; AGFI: 0.91) were found within acceptable limits. The Cronbach’s Alpha and McDonald’s Omega values for the sub-dimensions and the whole of the scale vary between 0.83 and 0.86. Simultaneously, it was concluded that content validity and convergence validity were provided within the scope of the research. As a result, the analyses conducted within the scope of the research show that the News Media Literacy Scale is a valid and reliable measurement tool.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Transformation of Water Services: Lessons Learned from Water Privatization
           in Multiple Countries

    • Authors: Mikail PEHLİVAN; Nazan SUSAM
      Abstract: The transformation of water services is among the issues that have entered the world agenda in the last 30 years. Although recommendations from international organizations affect water policies of individual countries, water privatization realized as public–private cooperation has been spurred by the idea of establishing new markets for global water companies. This transition is rooted in the neoliberal policies of such international organizations. This study, which follows the literature review method, aims to examine the reasons underlying the privatization of water services as well as the privatization practices implemented in different countries. The results reveal that excluding the countries where privatization is offered as a credit requirement by international organizations (India, Argentina, Bolivia, and Turkey), in developed countries (France and England) where privatization is conducted without coercion, water services management has not been successful and cannot be used as an example for other countries. In contrast, many cities in developed and developing countries have recently implemented remunicipalization, returning the control of water services to public authorities. Finally, countries that have implemented privatization have failed in terms of financing, investment, and efficiency, and the privatization process has imposed additional financial burdens. Water privatization, therefore, cannot be considered as a solution to water management.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Measurement of Perceived Psychological Safety: Integration, Review and
           Evidences for the Scale in the Context of Turkiye

    • Authors: Seçil BÜLBÜL; Serin İŞİAÇIK, Serpil AYTAÇ
      Abstract: Psychological safety can predict many positive individual and organizational outcomes at work, and previous research addressed how psychological safety contributes to positive work attitudes and behaviors. In Turkey, there is quite an amount of research showing the contributing role of psychological safety perception on employees’ positive performance behaviors and organizational effectiveness and innovativeness. However, previous research in Turkey does not adequately show the reliability and validity of the psychological safety scale, which was developed by Edmondson (1999). Based on the suggested requirement, this study aimed to investigate the psychological safety perceptions of individuals who work in various sectors in Turkey. The adapted version of the psychological safety scale was used to gain evidence for the reliability and validity of the instrument in Turkey. In total, 585 individuals working in various industries and from various occupational groups participated in the research. Both exploratory factor analysis and the confirmatory factor analysis showed that Turkish adapted version of the psychological safety scale was valid and reliable.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Millennial Generational Style: New Global Political and Economic
           Orientations

    • Authors: Neslihan Kevser ÇEVİK
      Abstract: In this paper, using Mannheim, I identify Millennials (covering both Gen Y and Gen Z) as a global generation that has spawned a new generational style. I provide a brief overview of the historical conditions that have shaped Millennials’ life experiences. In a nutshell, Millennials have come of age in a new world marked by an ongoing shift in actorhood from macro structures to micro agents. I argue that this formative experience has impelled at least three meaningful norms that distinguish Millennials’ generational style: self-reliance, quotidianism and regeneration. I then trace manifestations of these norms in politics and the economy. I suggest that in politics, the push for self-reliance takes the form of a self-responsible citizen, quotidianism is manifested through a shift towards politics of the ordinary, and regeneration is embodied in Do-it-Yourself (DIY) politics. In economics , on the other hand, the self-reliant actorhood is reflected through the new occupational profile of the ‘maker’, quotidianism is expressed through non-traditional types of work monetizing individuality and personality, and finally regeneration takes the form of critical making. I conclude with implications for social theory on youth and change. The paper attempts to move beyond the dichotomous view of youth either as threats or as heroic figures and propose a broader conceptualization of young adult’s agency to capture how ordinary youth create new centers of configuration in society, from new citizenship norms to new market patterns.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect of Trust, Commitment, Knowledge Acquisition, and Dissemination
           on Relationship Satisfaction: Research into the Turkish Yacht
           Manufacturing Sector

    • Authors: Cenk TUFAN; Özlem YAŞAR UĞURLU
      Abstract: In this research, the authors have investigated the relationship between trust and commitment, two of the essential elements of relational capital, along with knowledge acquisition and dissemination, as the basis for the organizational learning process and relationship satisfaction. For this purpose, the authors sent a questionnaire by mail to the managers (Technical Manager, Project Manager, Production Manager, and Shipyard Manager) associated with the corporate activities of the 66 members of the “Turkish Shipbuilders’ Association.” A total of 262 responses were obtained from the questionnaires. To test the research hypotheses, the authors applied structural equation modeling to the variables. Ultimately, the analysis supported all of the research hypotheses. Consequently, the authors observed that mutual trust between corporate partners positively affects the commitment to cooperation. The study concluded that the trust between the partners and the commitment to cooperation positively affect the organizational learning process. Moreover, knowledge acquisition from partners positively impacts disseminating this knowledge within the organization. Furthermore, the dissemination of knowledge within the organization positively affects collaborative relationship satisfaction. 
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Validity and Reliability Study of Safety Climate Scale

    • Authors: Salih DURSUN; Oğuz BAŞOL, Belemir ŞENGÜL
      Abstract: Occupational accidents are accepted as one of the important problems that areas of today’s working life experienced due to significant economic, social, and psychological losses. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the role of safety climate in preventing occupational accidents. A safe climate is the holistic perception shared by employees about the work environment. This research aims to adapt the safety climate scale developed by Hahn and Murphy into the Turkish language. A total of 191 metal industry employees participated in the research. Based on the confirmatory factor analysis results, the scale consists of six items and single factor safety climate scale (Chi-square/df: 2.23; RMSEA: 0.08; NFI: 0.98; NNFI: 0.98; CFI: 0.99; GFI: 0.97; and AGFI: 0.92). The internal consistency of the scale was calculated as 0.857 and item-total correlations ranged between 0.519 and 0.612. As a result, it was concluded that safety climate scale is valid and reliable for Turkish society.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Context of Mourning During the Pandemic: Spaces, Rituals, Outgoings, and
           Survivors

    • Authors: Ömer CANPOLAT; Hatice CİVELEK
      Abstract: This research deals with the experiences of people who lost relatives during the COVID-19 pandemic, the ways they understand and cope with death, and the sad picture they create through space and rituals. Qualitative data was composed based on narratives gathered with in-depth interviews with 15 volunteer participants who reside in Kocaeli and have socio-economic, cultural, ethnic, religious, and age-based differences. The focus was on pandemic-reported deaths and the locations, rituals, and human feelings and experiences associated with these deaths. Narratives from a group of participants who lived at the threshold between death and life during the pandemic showed that religious beliefs, spiritual values, and solidarity are still crucial in dealing with the resulting decimation. They deeply conveyed the loneliness and intensity of pain based on adverse economic effects, particularly the increase in poverty, the deciduous knowledge and opinions that create uncertainty about the virus, the lack of a sense of coming together and solidarity created by rituals. The changing sadness and understanding in the face of someone else's death, the marginalization of individuals caught in the pandemic, the utilitarian contributions of today's people and societies in the emergence of pandemics are remarkable issues. The phenomenological approach was taken as a guide for the methodological process–theoretical fiction touching the pandemic and death. An argument was developed mainly using sociological and anthropological approaches.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Spatial Dependence of Nursing Home Preference of Older Age Population in
           Turkiye

    • Authors: Özlem DÜNDAR; Volkan ALPTEKİN
      Abstract: It is important that the cost to the economy of Turkey as regards nursing home needs, which is a service provided for the care of the older population has increased significantly in recent years. As the preference of the older population becomes dense toward the nursing homes affiliated with the Turkish Rebuplic Ministry of Family and Social Services (MFSS), where the old with low-income levels are taken care of for free, it is observed that their capacities are full and the need for nursing homes has increased. For this reason, this study aimed to determine the spatial dependence of the elderly population in nursing homes among the border neighbors (regions that share a common border) in 26 subregions (It is based on the Turkish Statistical Institute's (TSI) Second Level Nomenclature Units for Territorial Statistics (NUTS2)) of Turkey and the socioeconomic factors that affect the elderly population's nursing home preferences in these regions using spatial data analysis for 2016. Therefore, in this study, the spatial dependence of older age population between the Turkey's neighbor subregion 26 (It is based on the TSI Second Level Nomenclature Units for Territorial Statistics (NUTS2)) for the year 2016 has been aimed to determine the socioeconomic factors affecting the nursing home preferences of the elderly population in these regions using spatial data analysis. Since the regional statistical data of the older age population in the nursing home and senior age population needing the caring service were unavailable after 2016, in this study, spatial data analysis was used just for 2016. It was concluded that the border neighborhood positively affects the older population's preference for nursing homes. In the analysis, it was shown that the disposable income of the population above 60 years, the rate of becoming a house owner, and the older pension do not affect the older age population's preference for nursing home. Additionally, it has been determined that the number of older age population needing the caring service and elementary family structure positively and crimes against the property negatively affects the older age population's preference for nursing homes.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect of Conspicuous Consumption Behavior on Wasteful Consumption
           Behavior: The Intermediary Role of Hedonic Consumption Behavior

    • Authors: İbrahim AVCI
      Abstract: The concept of consumption, which has an important place in people's lives, is generally expressed as the use of produced goods and services in line with needs. Consumption now includes the psychological needs of people as well as their physical needs. Consumers can buy things they do not need by acting pleasure-orientedly, and they exhibit consumption behaviors to provide psychological satisfaction. One of the consumer-purchase patterns is found to demonstrate others in the social environment. Therefore, non-need consumption focused on pleasure and display causes excessive consumption; this situation can also cause wastefulness. Accordingly, in the present study, the aim was to examine the effect of conspicuous consumption behavior on wasteful consumption behavior and the mediating role of hedonic consumption behavior in this effect. With the online survey form prepared, 519 participants were reached between the dates of 21.05.2020-06.07.2020. The data obtained were analyzed with the SPSS 21, AMOS 24, and PROCESS 3.5 programs. After the analysis, it was concluded that conspicuous consumption behavior has an effect on wasteful consumption behavior and that hedonic consumption behavior has a mediating effect.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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