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International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2458-9381
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [185 journals]
  • The Deconstruction of the Contagion Movie: The Meta-Virus or
           Commercialization of Virus

    • Authors: Hacer AKER
      Abstract: Contagion, one of the most-watched epidemic films in the Covid-19 period, was released to the market as a wake-up call to the ethical responsibilities of government institutions and international organizations in the face of a possible pandemic. The fact that the aspects of the narrative that touch today's reality were frequently mentioned in the media also provided a meaningful basis for thinking about the film. This study outed from the claim that the mentioned trends are an illusion and aimed to present a critical analysis that reveals the inconsistencies in the movie. He did this with a metonymic approach that undermines ideological metaphors, in other words, with references of the deconstructive reading. When the findings were evaluated as a whole, it seemed possible to consider Contagion as a movie that commercialized and commodified the virus, did not think about its subject and object and lied to its audience.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Ender Emre KANAAT
      Abstract: Consumption of natural resources for the purpose of development threatens economic development and human life and creates many global problems such as pollution of the atmosphere, unequal distribution of wealth among economies and destruction of the environment. These problems can only be solved by the joint action of the countries. Therefore, solutions need to be sought and applied locally from a global scale to countries. Sustainability, which is proposed to solve these global problems, introduces a concept that requires a change in the way of thinking without decreasing the quality of life. The essence of change is bringing environmental management, social responsibilities and economic solutions in universal solidarity and leaving being a consumer society. The issue must be handled with a strategic management approach in order to understand and adopt the concept, which is put forward as a “new” perspective, and to change the behavior of the society. Although many academic articles have been written on sustainable development, there are very limited resources assessing the maturity level of the activities in Turkey and investigating the content of the work by local governments. The article interprets the data of Marmara Municipalities Union (MBB) Local Governments Sustainability Studies (2022) within the framework of the "Diffusion of Innovations Theory", which Everett Rogers presented to the literature in 1962.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Analysis of Transcendence 2014 Film in the Context of Transhumanism and
           Artificial Intelligence

    • Authors: Mustafa Evren BERK
      Abstract: Artificial intelligence technologies, which are among the new generation technologies that have entered our lives with movies and that we have adapted to in a short tim.They have recently managed to attract the attention of many directors. In utopian films, which we are accustomed to seeing mostly in the 1960s and later, the steps towards getting closer to the truth from being utopian are increasing day by day. In the new generation sci-fi films, the effects of art on science and technology can be seen frequently in past and recent films. Cinema has become a guide in removing the obstacles in the way of creating probable or definite scenarios in the minds of the audience by combining the information and it receives from science with fiction. The 2014 film Transcendence (Evolution), which was examined in the study, was examined in the context of transhumanism, and the film was examined under the perspective of transhumanism in the light of the information obtained from the film with the descriptive analysis method, which is one of the qualitative research methods.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Specıal Purpose Backpack Desıgn For Chıldren Wıth

    • Authors: Beyhan PAMUK; Şengül EROL, Esra SUNERLİ, Fatih YALÇIN
      Abstract: Diabetes is one of the important health problems of nowadays. The aim of diabetes treatment is to maintain blood sugar balance, in other words, to prevent blood sugar spikes and blood sugar drops. Ensuring this balance is extremely important to prevent the development of complications or to slow down the course of advanced complications. Good diabetes control means keeping the blood sugar level as close to normal as possible. Therefore, it is important for diabetics to have the necessary tools and equipment for blood glucose measurements and insulin administration, it is a must.In this study, a diabetes backpack was designed for school-age children with diabetes in the 7-12 age group. First of all, a literature study was conducted on children with diabetes, and the results of the study on the application of insulin, especially in school-age children, were evaluated. In line with the information obtained from the literature review, an unstructured interview form was prepared and expert opinions were obtained from the Usak Branch of the Life with Diabetes Association. The interview form was evaluated and the product design process was applied and a special-purpose backpack for children with diabetes was produced as a prototype.With the study, considering the developmental processes of children, it will psychologically support children with diabetes and have a positive effect on the use of therapeutic drugs and materials. It will provide ease of use to parents or responsible persons during its use, and it has been produced as a prototype of a special-purpose backpack for children with diabetes in accordance with the current child trends.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A Story of Longing for Humane Affection Tinged with Memory

    • Authors: Zafer ŞAFAK
      Abstract: Never Let Me Go is the sixth novel by Kazuo Ishiguro published in 2005. The setting of the incidents depicted in the novel is England. Spanning more than two decades; between early 1970s up to the second half of the 1990s, hypothetic dystopian novel narrates the experiences of clones whose lives have been pre-determined, shortened and doomed due to forced organ donation so that human can live healthier and longer. Ishiguro’s narration dwells upon the interplay between the themes of memory, grief, longing for human affection, the discrepancy between technologically supported biomedical advances and ethics all of which have far-reaching implications. While search for meaning and essentiality of human affection stand out to be the humanizing aspect of life, they also contribute to the moral qualities of the novel as well as increasing novel’s significance as a cautionary story. In the vortex of emotional exploitation, social conditioning and individual degradation, clones’ experiences present a testimonial quality. Much of clones’ efforts aim at the affirmation of their existence in obtaining meaning with solidarity and memory. Through the reading of this atypical dystopian narrative, the trajectory of quest for meaning, which cannot be made up for anything else and the vitality of interpersonal affection with its unifying essentiality of memory is followed and tried to be pointed out.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • An Assessment On Genres Of Video Blogs

    • Authors: Tolga Ozan MADEN; Şermin TAĞ KALAFATOĞLU
      Abstract: ABSTRACTDigitalization affects and transforms areas that are an integral part of daily life such as education, economy, entertainment and communication. It is seen that people in both developed and developing countries, where more and more products and services are provided to users in digital environments, are increasingly benefiting from digitally provided environments. It is stated that blogs, which are different from other popular communication protocols based on the Internet, have a democratizing potential. Blogs, which can be a source for sharing news and creating public opinion, can be created under the umbrella of an institution or organization. Blogs, which can also be put forward within the framework of individual purposes, emerge as one of the new ways to communicate with others, and allow personal expressions such as feelings, thoughts and preferences to be shared with a wider audience. The content of blogs, which can be text-based as well as video content, has a great variety. Studies that evaluate blogs according to these differences in terms of species are functional in terms of examining their contents in detail. This study focuses on the video diaries produced by Turkish vloggers. In the study, in which literature review was used as a method, 18 vlog channels with more than two million subscribers were evaluated according to the vlog types determined by Gercely (2018). It was determined that 8 of them were jokes and comedy, 3 of them were gaming, 2 of them were training/teaching, 1 of them was beauty/fashion/fitness, 1 of them was lifestyle, and 1 of them was product review. More than two million Turkish vloggers could not be identified in the movie/TV/book commentary and travel vlogs. Vloggers with the highest followers at the time of the research were evaluated under these headings.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • An Analysis of Culture Specific Items in the Turkish Translation of John
           Steinbeck’s ‘’Of Mice and Men’’ (Fareler ve İnsanlar) Novel

    • Authors: Funda ÖZBAKIR
      Abstract: The goal of this research is to identify the culture-specific items in John Steinbeck's novel "Of Mice and Men" and analyse them in the light of Javier Franco Aixelá's recommended translation methods and strategies (1996). Of Mice and Men, the primary novel we looked at, was originally published in 1937. The source book, which was compared, was translated into Turkish and published by Varlık Publications in 1982 by translator Yaşar Nabi Nayır. As a result of the comparative analysis, it can be stated that that while translating proper nouns, the translator focuses on the source text, but when transferring generic phrases, he enters a target text-oriented transfer process and uses the substitution approach.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Presentation of Daily Life In Abbas Kiarostami’s Film The Wind Will
           Carry Us (1999)

    • Authors: Abdurrahim YALÇIN
      Abstract: The daily life of “little people” in the micro-spaces of life is always ignored in the face of the understanding of history that focuses on the powerful and presents the rulers who hold power as history makers. However, Henri Lefebvre, one of the important theorists of micro history understanding and daily life studies, which is positioned against the historiography approach of social sciences, underlines the importance of daily practices in the processes in which the social is reproduced, and emphasizes that the everyday is an important resource in revealing the cultural and social in terms of being a source for history (Köse, 2009, p. 8). For this reason, in this study, as an example of those who flow unnoticed in daily life, one of the directors of the Iranian New Wave, Abbas Kiarostami’s film named Wind Will Take Us (1999) and Iran, which is an example of a closed society, The daily life in the countryside is examined through the film. At the end of the study, a reading opportunity is offered about the daily life in the countryside of Iran, which includes different daily rituals in social life areas.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Information Processes in Times of Crisis: Analysis of Fake News
           Circulating in the Ukrainian-Russian War

    • Authors: Selman Selim AKYÜZ; Merve ÖZKAN
      Abstract: The great change experienced with the emergence of the Internet in interpersonal and mass communication has brought new problems in the information ecosystem. Dec. In the new media, of which social media is the center, the involvement of users in the content production process has caused a historical break in terms of news and information reliability. The disappearance of verification processes to a large extent and the unprecedented increase in information density have made it difficult for news consumers to access accurate information, and the problem of misinformation and disinformation has damaged users' ties with the truth. The need for information increases and it becomes difficult to access accurate information, therefore, crisis periods in which information gaps occur draw attention as the periods in which false information and fake news spread the most. Wars are also important crises, especially when fake news is produced for propaganda purposes and disinformation activities increase. During and after the Second World War can be intense, but professionals (governments, intelligence agencies, etc.) made by harm as defined message generated for the purpose of disinformation is done easier by users bigger audiences and New Media, the more quickly will be delivered. In this study, it is aimed to determine the extent to which false information and fake news are circulated in Turkey in the context of the Ukraine-Russia War, and who are the actors in disinformation processes. From the findings obtained by analyzing the reviews of verification platforms in Turkey, it has been shown that in the first period of the war, misinformation and fake news were circulated extensively on social media. It has been concluded that false information is mainly spread by ordinary users, which is defined as the most erroneous association of fake news types, images and videos belonging to different dates and contexts are put into circulation. It has been determined that the allegations circulating in Turkey are aimed at Russia rather than Ukraine.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Construction of Feminine Discourse in Social Media: The Case of Instagram

      Abstract: Social media has become an integral part of today's communication environment. In this atmosphere, discourses that are "a mirror reflecting the society" are spreading and becoming widespread rapidly. In this respect, the "female discourse", which makes the gender stereotypes that dominate the society visible, reveals social inequalities and reminds us of the hope for a different but equal society. This study, which aims to trace the feminine discourse constructed in social media, tries to reveal social inequalities by using this power of feminine discourse. In this context, the issue of how feminine discourse is constructed through critical discourse analysis on Instagram, one of the most popular social media channels, is discussed. It is extremely important to understand how the discourse created is received, as well as to analyze how the construction takes place. Because meaning is formed by constantly constructing and reproducing. Therefore, the second part of the research is to trace the equivalent of the feminine discourse constructed in social media in social life. For this reason, focus group interviews were conducted with groups consisting of users of the accounts examined within the scope of the research, and it was examined whether a feminine discourse was constructed in social media within the scope of the study and whether this discourse had a counterpart in social life.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Impact of the Post-Truth Age on the News Phenomenon

    • Authors: Savash PORGHAMREZAEİEH
      Abstract: Although the concepts of truth and fact are often used as synonyms, they are actually different concepts from each other both philosophically and linguistically and have different meanings. Especially philosophically, discussions on the meanings of truth and facts have always been ongoing. Today, truth and reality are undoubtedly the most eroded concepts. The development of mass media and its profound effect on the form of communication change the moral understanding and moral norms of both individuals and societies. With the social/new media channels changing the concept of communication and the reading style of the target audience, the concept of news in a professional sense is also undergoing change and transformation. It has become much more important for the target audience how much a news appeals to their feelings and beliefs, rather than whether it is true or not. The emptying of reality in the Post-Truth era has undoubtedly affected the reality of the news phenomenon. In this article, the relationship between Post-Truth and news phenomenon has been evaluated through literature review.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Modernization and the New Citizen in the Posters of İhap Hulusi

    • Authors: Dilara Nergishan KOÇER
      Abstract: The Republic is a social transformation project. While this Project reconstructs the political, judicial, administrative, and economic institutions of the new nation-state, it also aims to shape the new citizens, men and women, and their understanding of daily life, values, and morals. The mass media was crucial in permeating people’s daily lives and spreading these advances to society as this new society was being rebuilt through revolutions and institutions. Besides newspapers and magazines, posters are one of these tools. In fact, it can be said that the structure of the poster based on less words and more visuals has a more effective, and permanent role in the memory of the society. This study deals with the examination of the posters of the early Republican period in the context of the modernization project. In this direction, the posters of İhap Hulusi (Görey) constitute the subject of the study. The main purpose of the study is to determine how the components that are decisive in the process of modernization and the construction of the new citizen identity in the establishment process of the Republic are represented and reflected on the posters of İhap Hulusi. For this purpose, first, the concepts of modernization project and national-identity will be briefly examined. Then, selected samples from posters are analyzed by associating them with the social and political background. In the study, the descriptive analysis method, which is one of the qualitative analysis methods, is used. Sample posters and related literature are the source of the study.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Perception of the East in Hollywood Productions as a Soft Power
           Element and Critical Discourse Analysis on Zero Dark Thirty

    • Authors: Mustafa ASLAN; Serhat YETİMOVA
      Abstract: After the World Trade Centre towers were destroyed by a terrorist attack undertaken by Al-Qaeda on September 11, 2001, America began searching for Osama Bin Laden as the culprit of the attack. This is the process covers a period of approximately 10 years. Zero Dark Thirty (2012) is an interesting film in that it tells how the American intelligence manages this process. The film, which causes interesting debates in Turkey and the world, creates a current version of American hegemony within Hollywood production patterns. This article analyzes the discussion initiated by the film by using the critical discourse analysis method and the analysis kit consisting of power, power, justice, history and other concepts. Considering both the discourse of the film and the debates in the press, as well as the historical and sociological contexts, the only difference of the examined film from its predecessors is that it was shot with a more qualified scenario and more effective technological equipment. According to Americans, the cause of terrorism is jihadist Islamic views. The message that Islam is dignified and holy to the extent that it serves American values and expansionist policies is delicately presented. In essence, the ideological devices of the American state, such as American capitalism, anti-humanist positivism, and individual pragmatism, continue to exist as prominent elements in the visual composition.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • New Form of Futurism in Painting: “Augmented Futurism”

    • Authors: Derya AYDOĞAN
      Abstract: With the latest developments in digital technology, spaces can be built where the meaning of reality is changed and redesigned with different visions. One of these spaces is called “Augmented Reality (AR)”. This technology, which can already animate flat surfaces via computer systems, attach virtual images in the real space, and add new layers, has also brought a new field of action to the art of painting. It has reconstructed futurism in a broader perspective in painting. After speed and dynamism made their way into every aspect of life at the beginning of the twentieth century as a consequence of mechanization, they became the focus of the art of painting as well, bringing up the movement of futurism into the center of attention. The digital age, on the other hand, subverted the notions of time and space by pushing speed and dynamism beyond the physical limits. Along with augmented reality, the futuristic movement surpassed its physical limitations and began not only to show and evoke dynamism but also to make people experience it. At the point of conjunction where the art of painting meets the technology of AR, motion doesn’t limit itself to image movement but rather, occurs in-between spaces where it is exhibited. In fact, the combination of interaction and interactivity results in a art game where the viewer moves as well. In addition, there has been a journey towards new interdisciplinary contexts with other fields of art and multimedia specific to AR. As a new reality technology, AR plays a role when it comes to the adaptation of futuristic aspects in painting to the present and the future in many respects. As a descriptive quality analysis; this study will provide a general view on futurism in the art of painting, explain the AR technology, describe the use of AR in painting with examples, and discuss its place within the context of futurism.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Kitsch And Current Artist Practices

    • Authors: Doç. Mahpeyker YÖNSEL; Hüsnü DOKAK
      Abstract: Daily life is directly related to mass production and mass consumption. We are faced with the fact that the ordinary is now an indispensable economic term as a result of the disposable or non-long-lasting objects taking place in our daily lives.The Industrial Revolution, which started in the middle of the 19th century, started the migration from the rural areas to the cities, and with the desire of the villagers who settled in the urban slums to look urban, they preferred to buy imitation items made of cheaper and simpler materials instead of buying expensive daily use items, and prepared a serious ground for the formation of kitsch. . As today's consumption-based economic system continues this economic system of the 19th century at full speed, the production of imitation products has inevitably continued. The important thing for the producer is not form/form, but functionality.This simple logic of the consumer society also forms the basis of art and causes the content/narrative to be one step ahead of the form. Being aware of the fact that artistic pleasure is fed by simple and ordinary events, today's art now sees kitsch as one of the main dynamics of art. This study, which was carried out with the qualitative research method, was carried out by making use of books, journals and internet resources related to the subject. With the descriptive analysis method, the kitsch works of contemporary artists were analyzed and the result was reached.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • In The Context of Space And Life Fiction Artificial Life Art

    • Authors: Engin GÜNEY; Hasret YAVUZ
      Abstract: Man is the only being who shapes his life with his reactions/preferences against stimuli and motivations outside himself and says "more". It can be said that the orientation in today's culture, which can be explained by the unity of attitude and behavior, is digitalization-oriented. Artificial life in digital culture includes software and hardware-based life forms in virtual media, studies based on creating new life forms in the laboratory with biochemical materials, mechatronics and holographic artificial lives. Biological principles are modeled with complex algorithms and a new relationship is formed between real and artificial. Artificial life, which is similar to the changes in nature and living systems in terms of the methods it contains, brings new approaches in the art production process.In artistic productions, artificial life is presented in three different formats. These can be listed as robotic lives in real space, virtual lives in real space, and virtual lives in virtual space. These productions act according to the designed algorithm or as a result of interaction with the environment and complete their evolutionary development. In artificial life projects, complex systems in nature are simplified and studies on the basic features of life are continued. The main purpose of the research is to examine the art of artificial life created in different combinations in the context of life and living space. This research is important in terms of analyzing artificial life-based approaches that are intertwined with art today, understanding the expansions it offers to art, and making comments on the future of art.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
           “UPLOAD” SERIES

    • Authors: Pınar BASMACI
      Abstract: Unlike virtual reality, which is a three-dimensional world where reality is reproduced, in Castells' real virtuality, the difference between real and simulated reality has disappeared. In this world where everything is symbolic, the virtuality of the representative environment has replaced the real. In other words, the imitation replaces the real, which is also simulation. For the simulation based on the representation of reality, Baudrillard says that the world is a simulation and the boundaries of truth and simulation are blurred. In this environment where reality and its representations are mixed, consciousness stands as an important concept. Consciousness, which is the state of being aware of the mind, is independent of the body and can exist even in the absence of the body. In this context, the subject of this study, in which the Upload series is discussed, is the concept of consciousness in the context of real virtuality and simulation. The problem of the study is whether the world in the series corresponds to the concept of virtual reality or real virtuality and how consciousness is positioned in the simulation world. The study aims to reveal whether the consciousness has lost its meaning and whether the consciousness is free from the body in this world where reality has lost its meaning and virtuality is dominant. In the study, in which the discourse analysis method was used, all parts of the series were examined. In the study, it has been concluded that the world revealed in the series corresponds to real virtuality, not virtual reality and that although everything is a simulation, consciousness can be real, the consciousness that can exist forever cannot be simulated, and that it can preserve its existence even in all virtuality.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Metin ALTAN
      Abstract: Yunus Emre, who was included in the UNESCO 2021 commemoration program, is a wise who has inspired contemporary philosophers. It has instilled spiritual peace and trust both in the difficult conditions of his time on a local and global scale. Seeing the platforms of existence before birth and after death as the longing to exist with the same love of God gave Yunus Emre a privilege as a philosopher. His poems, which be the light to the ancient philosophers' search for meaning in life, so have inspired contemporary science interpretations. The ideas of Yunus Emre Philosophy not only form the basis of the social structure of seven centuries ago, but also inspire today's socio-cultural principles. In this article, what Yunus Emre Philosophy make us thinks by the candlelight of science and carried to different current scientific platforms. With the symbiotic partnership approach, the shadows of mind in the simplicity of the boundary conditions between sciences have been sharpened, and The support given by the subtleties of Yunus Emre Philosophy to today's globally sociocultural structuring has been evaluated.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Reasons That Artist to Alternative Means Of Expression

    • Authors: Ceren OLPAK
      Abstract: When a person realizes that he cannot be materially immortal on earth, he wants to immortalize his soul. Well, does he make art for that reason' Or is that why he support or enjoy art' That would be an easy assessment. Humans needs some values in social life, like freedom, like good, like bad, like courage and knowledge… All these values create human nature. At the same time, all of these values are values generated by human nature. The person who needs the existence of the other in order to survive, establishes a relationship with others through values. So what are the transformations of these values in the historical process' How do we try to make sense of these values in reference to art' A more important question is how does the artwork use alternative means of expression' This article aims to explain these questions.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A Review on the Motifs Found in the Story “Tahir And

    • Authors: Ebru AKYÜZ
      Abstract: Folk tales, one of the oldest examples of the story genre, have a special place in Turkish folk narratives. One of the most important issues in the analysis of folk tales is the investigation of the motifs in the stories. These motifs, which form the basis of folk narratives, directly give strength to the text by performing important functions in the text. From past to present, many researches have been done about the motifs in Turkish folk tales. The story of Tahir and Zühre, which is the subject of our study, is one of the most known and loved folk tales among Turkish Folk Literature products. In this study, based on the text shown as "Y" in Fikret Türkmen's book Tahir ile Zühre, the motifs in the story were examined. As a result, it has been determined and examined that there are many important motifs such as "childlessness, apple, miraculous birth, naming, dreaming, drinking wine and the help of extraordinary beings" in the story of Tahir ile Zühre.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
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