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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2458-9381
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [183 journals]
  • An Innovative Artist in the Northern Renaissance: Jan Van Eyck

    • Authors: Serdar DARTAR
      Abstract: With the Renaissance, societies have a wide variety of options with different perspectives on life and accordingly. It allows building and building the development in chapters 14 and 16. The Renaissance, which played an important role in the system and life of the society, must have been completed in the 16th, 14th and 14th centuries. Changes, techniques and development of art in its own period in the developmental stages of the Renaissance. Renaissance performances from the Northern Renaissance, illustrated shows, experimental images, and oil painting techniques are the supporting arts. It is aimed at advanced understandings, contemporary understandings, contemporary understanding and, in parallel, the 15th century understanding of life and art of the Renaissance. In general, the styles of those who are thought to be critically evaluated in Flemish Art are emphasized. Focus on the product and quarry in Eyk work van. It will be applied in the application of the work done and the work done. We invite you to Northern Renaissance for a naturalistic understanding.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Abdullah MERT
      Abstract: ABSTRACTPeople, objects or assets are positioned by using the concepts of time and space over the world. Time and space are constituent elements of life which help to understand to the world. People cannot live independently from the concepts of time and space and these concepts can be freely used in the cinema. Cinema as a mass communication tool that constantly evolves and changes itself provides the possibility of infinite freedom to director. In the movie, time and space can be shaped according to the director's requests and every director can be apply to different ways while using these two concepts in their films.From beginning to present day, usage of time and space in a movie has showed differences at cinema which is one of the mass media. In this study, it is aimed that how the western movies that are the ancestors of cinema has experienced a change as a type and how time and space were used these kinds of movies. Especially the study is going to focus on how time and space were used in a western movie, Yahsi Bati (2009), filmed in Turkey. In the content of study, the film Yahsi Bati directed by Ömer Faruk Sorak will be analyzed that used in numerous different transition methods and semiotic elements. In the first part of the study, time and space concepts will be explained and the second part of study history of western movie and time and space usage in western movies will be explained. In the last part, the film Yahsi Bati is analyzed semiotically.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Mustafa Fırat GÜL
      Abstract: AbstactOne of the nations that wanted to be an independent state in the European Revolution of 1848 and rebelled, but failed, was the Italian nation. After the revolution, many people in Europe sought a safe place to take shelter. The Ottoman Empire became a shelter for those in distress. Princess Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso, one of the important figures of the struggle for independence in Italy, left her hometown and applied to the Ottoman Empire to live in peace, albeit temporarily. After staying in Istanbul for a short time, she bought the Çakmakoğlu Farm located in the borders of Safranbolu and lived there for a while her neighbors. There is important information about Princess Belgiojoso, who was the guest of the Turks in the Ottoman Empire between 1850-1855, and her companions, in the documents of the Presidency of the State Archives of the Republic of Turkey. These documents, which include a lot of information about Princess Belgiojoso's settlement in Safranbolu, her daughter Maria's application for Ottoman citizenship, her injury by one of the servants, her relationships with the people of the region, and the ownership of Çakmakoğlu Farm after she left Turkey, were examined. Published studies about Princess Belgiojoso were also used while interpreting the above mentioned documents.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Narcissism as a Determinant of University Students'
           Self-Presentations on Social Media

    • Authors: Gönül AKPINAR; Enderhan KARAKOÇ
      Abstract: Human beings who present their self in accordance with the roles assigned to them in daily life and the expectations of the people around them; thanks to social media, it started to make self-presentations in a virtual environment. Narcissism is one of main motivations of self-presentation in social networks of people who aim to be visible and to appreciate themselves.The conceptual framework of the study is based on Erving Goffman's "theory of dramaturgy" and the concept of impression management. This study using the relational screening model; it was carried out on 408 participants who are studying at Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University, and the participants were selected using simple random sampling technique. The responses of the participants to the questionnaire forms; Interpreted using statistical tests such as frequency analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal Wallis test, correlation analysis and regression analysis.According to the research results; 98.3% of the participants use social media. The most preferred social media tools by the university students participating in the study are Whatsapp, Youtube, Instagram, Twitter, Wiki, Pinterest, Podcast and Facebook, respectively. In the study; in choosing the self presentation tactics of the participants; It has been observed that gender, how many years they have been internet users, the time they spend on social media during the day, their purpose of using social media, the social media networks they use and their level of narcissism. Narcissism levels of individuals emerges as one of the most important factors affecting self-presentation.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030

      Abstract: This study seeks to address how the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran was portrayed by Islamic magazines in Turkey at that time. By doing so, the study gives an account of Turkey-Iran relations during the course of the revolution and of what the state of religious and political groups was like in Turkey post-revolution limited to the period between 1978 and 1990, this paper outlines a general framework of Islamic groups of the time, political parties, the intelligentsia, circles around magazines and the media they dominated. As a result, 29 magazines linked to these groups covering the revolution have been examined. The formal and contextual variables as parameters for this topic were analyzed using the content analysis. Subsequently, the themes were determined, followed by developments related to the revolution. It was therefore established that the ideological views of the media were crucial in the definition and coverage of the Iranian Revolution.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Onur TAYDAŞ; Seren İLDIZ
      Abstract: This research, aimed to examine the reflection of university students' perfectionism personality traits and loneliness levels on social media. The sample of the research consists of a total of 544 students studying at Sivas Cumhuriyet University in the 2019-2020 academic year, different faculties and vocational schools answering the survey questions. The participants was applied to the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FCPMS), UCLA Loneliness Scale and Personal Information Form a questionnaire including. The data collected through the questionnaires were analyzed with the SPSS 22.0 package and the findings were revealed. Social media, which has become an integral part of human life, is widely used, especially among university students. Such widespread use also brings some effects. According to the results of the research, it has been determined that social media has an effect on the variables.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Anadolu University International Students’ Awareness Levels of
           Eskişehir’s Cultural Heritage

    • Authors: Hanane MOKRANE; Hicran Hanım HALAÇ
      Abstract: Eskişehir is a city that stands out with its historical values and cultural richness in the northwest part of Central Anatolia. The city, which hosts various civilizations and cultures, has a potential for heritage tourism. It is one of the first settlements in the region dating back 9500 years. Eskişehir is recognized as an important historical and cultural center from which many Turkish poets and writers came out, as it is proof of peace and creativity. It has been named the “UNESCO Capital of Intangible Cultural Heritage” and was previously Eskişehir 2013 Turkic World Capital of Culture Agency. The city is also called the “Student City”. Factors such as cost of living and quality of education at city universities contribute to the influx of international students. The number of international students at the city's universities is increasing from year to year. In the research, the awareness and interest of international students studying at Eskişehir Anadolu University Turkish Teaching Application and Research Center (TÖMER) about the cultural heritage of Eskişehir are investigated. In this study, in which the quantitative research method was used, data were collected using the survey technique. In the survey, which lasted between 25-30 minutes, the opinions of 71 students from TÖMER center were taken in the 2019-2020 academic year. The collected data were analyzed with basic level descriptive analysis techniques such as “Frequency”, “Percentage”, “Arithmetic Mean”, “ANOVA” and “T-test” with SPSS 25.0 program. In the light of the results obtained at the end of the research, some suggestions are presented that will help international students to be more aware of the cultural heritage of Eskişehir.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: İkbal BOZKURT AVCI; Enderhan KARAKOÇ
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Hate Speech in New Media: Investigation of Hate Speech Including Law
           Numbered 6222 Created by the Fans

    • Authors: Elzem Seren DİNÇ KIRLI; Güven BÜYÜKBAYKAL
      Abstract: The features of the new media, such as digitality, interactivity, hypertextuality, virtuality and user-generated content, are important factors for fans to use new media platforms. These football fans, who are the members of platforms that are open to any interactions, behave with a sense of belonging to the teams they support, at the same time they tag other fan groups as “others”. New media provides an online and free atmosphere. Therefore white supremacy, anger and hate spread uncontrollably against others. Although severe punishments were imposed on the fans who share the detection of violent and abusive content in social media with the entry into force of Law Numbered 6222 on Prevention of Violence and Irregularities in Sports Competitions, the fans use the number itself, 6222, as a code and continue to share hateful contents. Therefore, this study aims to detect hate speeches made using both the number 6222 (Law. No. 6222) as a code and specified keywords on Twitter, which is one of the new media platforms, between the period of June 2019 and December 2019 (7 months). The posts of fans were recorded according to specific keywords by using the "Advanced Search" feature of Twitter and then analyzed by following the content analysis method. Besides, the posts that include the code 6222 enabled us to reach more hate speech content. Therefore, the snowball sampling (chain-referral sampling) technique was applied. To ensure the reliability and validity, all posts were coded in the coding scale according to the categories. As a result of this study, the identities and fan groups are targeted by hate speech, and the categories of hate speech are demonstrated in the graphics.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • An Analysis of The White Castle Along with the Theorems of Hegel and

    • Authors: Ali Erdem ALTUN
      Abstract: In this article, The White Castle by Orhan Pamuk is studied through Gustav Freytag’s Freytag’s Pyramid, and the climax points are located. Throughout the study, the vitality of these climax points is discussed, and argued the extent to which they contribute to the narrative. Determining the climax points of the novel strengthens the analysis done regarding this novel and can reshape the consensus formed in the literature about this book. However, before applying the concept of ‘climax’ to the narrative, an intense literature review was utilized. Therefore, the climax points found through employing Freytag’s Pyramid are measured against the pre-set criteria in the literature about climax points in academic works. This approach eliminated the presence of subjectivity in the study. As an outcome of this research, it is found that the climax points can be the times where the author strengthens his implications towards the notion that Hoca and Kole are creating a dual personality. This way, the criticisms lying beneath the relationship between Hoca and Kole about East and West emerge. It is deduced that the everchanging dynamics between them unveil a means of analysis from a Hegelian perspective. Additionally, the everchanging dynamic unveils the climax points, which are the points that they embody a single individuality, unable to carry on existing without one another.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Social Media Use of Art Professionals in the Context of Social Media and
           Art Relationship

    • Authors: Aynur KARAGÖL; Lutfü KAPLANOĞLU
      Abstract: Its relationship with art and media is seen in parallel with the relationship between humanity and media. In terms of both the presentation of art and the techniques in which art is performed, the fields of art and media have mutually influenced each other over time. In addition to its physical presentation areas, art found the opportunity to meet with the media and its audience. New media opportunities developed thanks to technology, new channels have emerged for the artist. The internet network, which has become widespread since the early 2000s, and the developments that followed it, have led to the development of social media with smart phones. This has enabled billions of people around the world to interact easily. It has been very attractive to determine target audiences and to carry out targeted PR activities with various filtering options such as geographical location, age, gender, and interests. Art, too, has acquired a new PR field by making use of these new methods. Art institutions, together with art professionals, which we use to describe people working in the field of art, use media tools for the presentation, publicity and marketing of works of art. This study is based on the question of what kind of PR activities art professionals and art institutions carry out in social media. Interviews were held with 5 galleries and 2 museums, which have Instagram accounts, one of the social media accounts of art galleries and museums in Beyoğlu, which is accepted as the center of cultural and artistic activities in Istanbul, with more than 10 thousand visitors. In addition, 4 artists working with these institutions and 4 curators who are known for their exhibition works in the sector were also interviewed. A total of 15 interviews were conducted. It is focused on how art professionals use social media as a public relations medium. The findings obtained as a result of the interviews were evaluated in the light of the literature.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Impact of European Union Tourism Policies on Turkish Tourism in The
           Context of Envıronment and Sustainabilıty: The Mucilage Problem of the
           Marmara Sea

      Abstract: Pollution of seas affects both economically and socially. Environmental policies of European Union (EU) include reducing pollution and at the same time balanced use of natural resources and sustainable development. Purpose of this review is, to evaluate Marmara Sea pollution in frame of EU tourism politics and acquis about "protection of consumer and consumer health" and in terms of "environmental clauses". This review is descriptive and based on secondary data. It is expected to contribute to literature in terms of analyzing effects of environmental problem on EU policies and Turkish tourism. Turkey's purpose is to become an international brand with "Turkey's tourism strategy 2023", at the same time aims to increase employment and sustainable development. It is seen that EU tourism policies and Turkey's tourism strategies 2023 are generally compatible. However, rules on consumer protection are given relatively less space. This study shows that authorities should be monitoring pollution at its source and take precautions to prevent pollution in Marmara Sea and via recycling waste water must be decontaminated and reused for watering.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: İsmail TAŞAR
      Abstract: With the developing digital technologies, pre-production, production, post-production, distribution and screening stages in cinema are changing and developing. This leads to changes in the position of the audience. Since the movies are watched collectively in movie theaters in the era of conventional production, the cinema experience is not individual but social. However, with digitalization, the audience started to watch the movies at home. Cinema is now moving towards an individual viewing culture rather than a social one. In the late 1970s, viewers had the opportunity to watch movies whenever and wherever they wanted via videotapes. However, there are problems with watching movies with some parts cut off due to the inaccessibility of every movie and the current controls. In the 1990s, thanks to the developing CD-Rom technologies, anyone who had a computer was able to have their own personal cinema. In the 2000s, with the developing internet technologies, the audience had the opportunity to access almost any movie they wanted. The desired movies can be accessed through computers, tablets and mobile phones, even during travel. In recent years, three-dimensional and interactive films have also met with the audience. Thus, viewers can intervene in digital films and re-edit them as they wish, thanks to the developing computer technologies.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • An Evaluation of Myths and the Social Magic of Symbols as Communicative
           Archetypes of Culture

    • Authors: Ferhat GÖÇER
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIn this study, an evaluation is made on the importance of myths and symbols which emerged as the most important haunt in the struggle for existence starting with the falling of man into a cultural playground, in terms of social communication. Culture creates a new reality ring for human beings apart from natural and physical reality. The communication of this reality takes place through myths and symbols in ancient times. Myths and symbols have existed as important archetypes in the ancient history of man. Humankind has tried to understand and explain the phenomena of the world he lives in through myths and symbols. Myths and symbols are effective in human life; At the same time, they are a binding force in the survival of social life. In the formation of a collective magic, they are interwined archetypes that have an important place in the past, present and future of man. First of all, these archetypes have fulfilled an important function regarding the social communication in terms of overcoming the uncertainties of the objects, processes and developments of the human and society. This operation; continues to exist in today's societies, albeit indirectly.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Symbolic Value of Money in The Early Republic Period and in The Process of
           Modernization and National Identity Building

    • Authors: İhsan KARLI; Zeynep DONDURUCU
      Abstract: The first period when the Republic of Turkey was founded, the modernization move carried out by the state and the ideal of creating a national identity different from the Ottoman Empire created a social transformation that was effective in every stage of social life, so the money that constitutes the basic starting point of this study underwent a symbolic change. Based on this symbolic change, the main purpose of this research is to reveal the elements that formed the basis of social change and used in the construction of national identity on the first emission banknotes that were put into circulation during the period of M. Kemal Atatürk. In this context, the banknotes of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 lira in the first emission group, which entered into circulation in 1927, were analyzed using the semiotic analysis method based on Roland Barthes' semantic and connotation concepts. As a result of the research, the metaphor of Bozkurt, Atatürk portrait as a manifestation of the myth of the savior and hero Mustafa Kemal, the symbols associated with Ankara and Ankara as the new and modern capital of the republic, in order to establish a new understanding of history that includes pre-Islamic Turkish states used in the coins analyzed, images of cities such as Sivas, Afyon, Sakarya, which constitute the basis of the national liberation history of the new state because of their importance, the pictures of the First Assembly and the Prime Ministry building that emphasize the national sovereignty as the carrier institutions of the new regime, as an extension of the economic development move of the modern republic, it was concluded that the emission group banknotes were used as effective symbolic tools in the construction of national identity and gradual social transformation process.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Widespread Virtual Life with Blockchain, Deepfake, Avatar, Cryptocurrency,
           NFT and Metaverse

    • Authors: Mehmet Emin KAHRAMAN
      Abstract: The idea of living in different worlds, starting with cinema, can be seen as the beginning of the virtual world. Because, although limited for a certain period of time, cinema and television, which disconnected the audience from the real world, allowed them to get away from real life and imagine different lives. Later, with the invention of the internet, the power of the computer increased and virtual life continued to be offered to users through websites and games. With the nickname feature, users are able to take their place in the v,rtual world with different identities other than their own has also started. This understanding formed the basis of the understanding of avatars. Especially with computer games, the use of avatars has increased as each user starts to create their own avatar in the virtual world. Big data was created by archiving personal data with social media, and cryptocurrencies and deepfake applications developed by making virtual life more professional with virtual reality/augmented reality were offered to users. In the research, the development of this whole process and the positive and negative effects of Metaverse, which companies such as Facebook, Microsoft, Epic, Roblox, Nvidia, Unity Software, continue to design rapidly, on people and real life are emphasized.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Relationship Between Metaverse and Social Life

    • Authors: Ayşe Ceyda ILGAZ BÜYÜKBAYKAL; Zuhal SÖNMEZER
      Abstract: In today’s world, where time and space have relatively lost their previous significance, the effect of the Internet technologies that have characterised particularly the recent years is an undeniable fact. Striking developments in informatics and the Internet technologies have been discussed over a current occurrence, namely “Metaverse.” Parallel to the rapid development of technology, Metaverse has already become a concept that we encounter quite frequently. It is foreseen that Metaverse, which has been a part of our lives, will gradually increase its impact in the future. Being a medium where people can experience the practices pertaining to daily and social life, Metaverse is considered to be the next step through the development of the Internet technologies. The role and the effect of Metaverse over social life, which has provided alternatives in different areas by creating a universe beyond the physical world will be discussed in this study.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
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