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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Lectio Socialis
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2602-2524 - ISSN (Online) 2602-2443
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [185 journals]
  • A Perspective on Critical Security Concept and International Migration
           Nexus through Copenhagen School: The Quest for Societal Security

    • Authors: Atahan DEMİRKOL
      Abstract: This study dwells on the quest for a critical security perspective on international migration. Therefore, how international migration could be perceived through critical security studies is the main research question of this study. Critical Security Studies (CSS) or Welsh School of security studies emerged after Robert Cox’s debate between problem-solving and critical theories, especially after the 1990s. In this respect, CSS focus on questioning the mainstream theories and their interpretation of security. Instead of accepting the state as the referent object, critical security studies provide other elements that may be threatened, so that related to the security. On the one hand, CSS is, therefore, critical against the traditional approaches to security as realism and liberalism. Securitization, on the other hand, as Copenhagen School provided a speech act to put an issue into the field of security. International migration is one of the accurate examples of securitization. In this study, we employed CSS and securitization perspectives to international migration to understand how international migration could be assessed through critical theories.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Understanding International Economic Institutions and China through Uneven
           and Combined Development

    • Authors: Mert SÖYLER
      Abstract: For many decades, we are witnessing the economic rise of China and the increasing integration of China into existing international economic institutions. However, this paper argues that prevalent international relations theories are insufficient to explain this conjuncture of international political economy. Instead, this paper proposes the theory of uneven and combined development (UCD) to further integrate the international dimension of historical unevenness that is resulting from the historical conditions of global capitalism. The argument of this paper proceeds in two steps: First, the liberal, realist and orthodox Marxist theories’ analytical assumptions are discussed to understand the rise of China and its integration into international economic institutions, mainly the World Trade Organization. Second, the UCD theory is applied to reveal historical unevenness and intersocietal interactions through global capitalism. It is argued that the historical unevenness both determined the integration of China into international economic institutions and has caused instability within global capitalism through the trade war between US and China.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • The legal Confrontation of Domestic Violence: A Comparative Study Between
           Iraq and Italy

    • Authors: Eahfen Mahmood WELİ; Sarkan SALMAN ABUBAKER
      Abstract: Domestic violence is an offence and is one of the significant causes of the increase in the crime index of a state. It is a social phenomenon that has recently caught the attention of all and sundry. This concept generally refers to the mistreatment of a person with whom they have a close relationship, such as the relationship between husband and wife, parents and children, and siblings. Violence within the family also occurs against older grandparents, and finally, children may direct violence to their families in the form of reprisals aimed at vandalism and victimisation. This article sought to evaluate and examine the problem of domestic violence in general. The study was divided into three main sections: The first part was devoted to clarifying the concept of domestic violence. This section dealt with the nature of domestic violence. In the second section, the size of domestic violence in some Western and Arab countries was provided. The third and final section of the study examined the response to domestic violence in Iraqi national law, comparing the Italian law system.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • Inhuman Power: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Capitalism

    • Authors: Ozancan BOZKURT
      Abstract: Book review: Inhuman Power: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Capitalism by Nick Dyer-Witheford, Atle Mikkola Kjosen and James Steinhoff, London, Pluto Press, 2019, 210 pp., £16.99, ISBN: 9780745338606 
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
  • How Right-Wing Extremism Uses the COVID-19 Pandemic: Focusing on
           Anti-Asian Rhetoric

    • Authors: Chaewon KİM
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has provided an opportunity for right-wing extremism to legitimize its claims and promote anti-Asian rhetoric. This has led to an increase in hate crimes against Asian and Asian descendants in the US, UK, and Canada. Online platforms such as Twitter, Facebook, 4Chan, and Telegram have been used to spread disinformation and conspiracy theories and frame the crisis to promote the agenda of building a “white ethnostate.” Civil society and experts have expressed concerns that this anti-Asian rhetoric will normalize right-wing extremist ideology and increase its social legitimacy. It is important to understand that this rhetoric is being used to promote extremist ideology and recruit more members and that further research is needed to prevent further tragedies. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a multidimensional impact on Asians, and it is crucial to not overlook the growing anti-Asian sentiments in both online and offline spaces and to research the connection between right-wing extremist groups and radicalized individuals in order to tackle their harmful activities.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +030
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